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【金版学案】2014-2015学年高中英语(人教版必修1)同步练习:Unit 4 Earthquakes第四学时]


英语· 必修 1(人教版)

第四学时

Grammar

一、从 that,which,whose,who,whom 中选择恰当的词填入 下列句子中 1.Do you still remember the chicken farm ________ we visit three months ago? 答案:which

/that

2.People in Tangshan were struck by a big earthquake,from ________ effects the people are still suffering. 答案:whose

3.Women ________ drink more than two cups of coffee a day have a great chance of having heart disease. 答案:who/that

4. I like the second book ________ I read in the summer holiday.

答案:that

5.I returned his English book to him just now, ____________ was borrowed last week. 答案:which

二、对比练习 请在下列空中填入适当的关联词。

答案:A.(1) whose

(2) which

答案:B.(1) that (2) whom

答案:C.(1) what

(2) that

答案:D.(1) it

(2) which

三、把下列句子改写成定语从句 1.I have a friend.He likes listening to classical music. _______________________________________________________ _________________ 答案:I have a friend who likes listening to classical music.

2.Yesterday Emily was wearing the new dress.I gave it to her. _______________________________________________________ _________________ 答案:Yesterday Emily was wearing the new dress that/which I

gave her. 3.The student's article was published.I know the student. _______________________________________________________ _________________ 答案:I know the student whose article was published.

4. Betty is studying English very well.She has never been abroad. _______________________________________________________ _________________ 答案: Betty, who has never been abroad, is studying English very well. 5. My grandparents live in a house.It is more than 100 years old. _______________________________________________________ _________________ 答案:My grandparents live in a house, which is more than 100 years old. 四、翻译下列句子,然后使用定语从句将两个句子合并成一句 1.他住在一个小村庄。小村庄离学校大约有 3 公里。 _______________________________________________________ _________________ _______________________________________________________ _________________

_______________________________________________________ _________________ 答案:He lives in a small village. It is about 3 kilometers away from their school. He lives in a small village which is 3 kilometers away from their school. 2.这个城市叫唐山。1976 年,那里发生了大地震。 _______________________________________________________ _________________ _______________________________________________________ _________________ _______________________________________________________ _________________ 答案:The city is called Tangshan. A powerful earthquake took place there in 1976. In 1976 a powerful earthquake took place in the city which is called Tangshan. 3.人们被解放军救起。他们的房子在地震中都毁了。 _______________________________________________________ _________________ _______________________________________________________ _________________ _______________________________________________________ _________________

答案:People were rescued by the soldiers. Their houses were destroyed in the earthquake. The people whose houses were destroyed in the earthquake were rescued by the soldiers. 4.我认识那个学生。他昨天在马路上和你讲话。 _______________________________________________________ _________________ _______________________________________________________ _________________ _______________________________________________________ _________________ 答案:I know the student. He talked with you on the street yesterday. I know the student who talked with you on the street yesterday. 五、语法填空 Experiments have proved that children can

1.________(instruct)in swimming at a very early age.At a special swimming pool in Los Angeles, children become expert at 2.________(hold) their breath under water even before they can walk. 3.________(baby) of two months old do not appear to be reluctant to enter the water.It is not long 4.________they are so accustomed to swimming 5.________they can pick up weights from the floor of the pool.A game that is very popular with these young 6.________(swim) is the underwater tricycle race.Tricycles are lined up on the floor of

the pool seven feet under water.The children compete against each other to reach the other end of the pool.Many pedal their tricycles, 7.________most of them prefer to push or drag them.Some children 8.________cover the whole length of the pool 9.________coming up for breath even once.Whether they will become future Olympic champions,only time will tell.Meanwhile, they should encourage those among us 10.________cannot swim five yards before they are gasping for air. 1.解析:因 instructed 与 children 是动宾关系,要用被动语态, 即“be+动词的过去分词”,情态动词后用动词原形。 答案:be instructed

2. 解析: 由 under water 可知是“屏住气”, 固定搭配 hold one's breath;又因在介词(at)后要用动词的ing 形式。 答案:holding

3.解析:由上下文可知是指“两个月大的婴儿”,baby 的复数 是变 y 为 i 再加 es。 答案:Babies

4.解析:it is not long before...(不久以后就)是固定句型。 答案:before

5.解析:so...that...(如此……以致……)是固定句型。 答案:that

6.解析:由 with 可知,后接的是名词,又由 young 和句意可知 是指人,即“游泳者”,且为复数。 答案:swimmers

7.解析:前后是转折关系。 答案:but

8.解析:由语境可知空格单词意思为“能够”。 答案:can

9.解析:由语境可知是“不用冒出水面呼吸”。 答案:without

10.解析:这里应用 who 引导定语从句,修饰 those。 答案:who


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