扬州市 2014-2015 学年度高三第四次模拟考试
英 语 试 卷
本试卷分五部分。满分 120 分。考试时间 120 分钟。
第Ⅰ卷（共 85 分）
第一部分： 听力 (共两节，满分 20 分) 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂 到答题卡上。
5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项 中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时 间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What does the woman suggest the man do? A. Write the library research part first. B. Go to the library to do the experiment. C. Test the computer as soon as possible. 2. How is the woman going to Fuzhou? A. By train. B. By taxi. C. By car. 3. What does the woman suggest the man doing? A. Rush to work. B. Go with her together. C. Drive her car. 4. What do we learn from the conversation? A. The woman likes the dyed hair. B. The man dislikes some young people have their hair dyed. C. Many Chinese have their hair dyed, except old people. 5. Whose secretary is the woman? A. Mr. Pederson‘s. B. Mr. Graber ‘s. C. Niels Olsen‘s.
第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。 每段对话或独白后有几个小题， 从题中所给的 A、 B、 C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将 有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各个小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时 间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What‘s the problem with the man? A. He can‘t sleep well. B. He didn‘t pass the exam. C. He lost touch with friends. 7. What did the woman suggest to him? A. Going to bed earlier. B. Calling the health service. C. Taking a course about stress 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 9 题。 8. What are the speakers arguing about?
A. Who to blame. B. Which way to go. C. What transport to take. 9. What was the basic reason for what happened to the speakers? A. The woman didn‘t prefer to travel by train. B. The man failed to ask the way. C. The man forgot to book tickets earlier. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. Studying abroad. B. Economic independence. C. Relationships with parents. 11. What does the man think of his parents? A. They control him too much. B. They never express love to him. C. They are easy to get along with. 12.What do we know from the conversation？ A. The man grow up in a enlightened family B. The woman work in a hospital as a nurse C. The man persuaded his parents easily to allow him study abroad. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What is this dialogue about? A. Teachers should set good examples. B. Environmental pollution and protection in China. C. Government‘s role in environmental protection. 14. According to Nick, what should the government do to prevent pollution? A. To make laws to prevent pollution. B. To punish those who pollute the air. C. To move offices to the countryside. 15. According to Nick, what should ordinary citizens do to protect environment? A. To avoid dropping litter in public places. B. To pick up rubbish in public places. C. To catch those who litter in public places. 16. What happened when Nick was travelling together with some university teachers? A. They saw serious air pollution. B The university teachers threw bottles out of the car windows. C. They helped clean the countryside. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Why does the speaker always carry her iPod touch? A. To talk with her friends. B. To pass time enjoyably. C. To work while travelling. 18. What is her iPod touch not used for by the speaker? A. Playing games. B. Enjoying music. C. Checking e-mail. 19. What do we know about life ten or fifteen years ago? A. People enjoyed life more.
B. The Internet first came into use then. C. It was harder for people to get in touch online. 20. Why does the speaker think the sun is very important for her life? A. It makes her more active. B. It allows her to think over. C. It gives her a feeling of comfort.
第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选 项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
21. To be honest, we should not consider high grades as the only ________ for assessing a student‘s ability. A. consent B. criterion C. curse D. circus 22. —The assistant manager informed us to attend the opening ceremony at 7:00 tomorrow morning. —Oh, I didn‘t expect it was so early! I ________ to go out for sightseeing at first. A. was intending B. have been intending C. had intended D. have intended 23. The educational process feels ________ ever like a race, starting from pre-school till the perfect college. A. rather than B. more than C. other than D. better than 24. — If only I ________ hard at my study in adolescence! — Yes. Otherwise, you would be a success. A. had worked B. have worked C. work D. worked 25. —Who approved of your action in this conflict area? —We acted ________ the UN. A. under the pressure of B. under the umbrella of C. under the command of D. under the authority of 26. It is so good a habit to instruct children to lay things ________ they belong when they are young. A. where B. that C. in which D. to which 27. Two people were ________ to death in the rush to escape from the burning museum. A. compiled B. condemned C. ceased D. crushed 28. Dark matter gives out no light and only because of its gravity effect on visible matter ________ see its existence. A. does everyone B. everyone does C. does nobody D. nobody does 29. A wise mother will never get herself into the state of her children ________ to the slightest possibility of danger. A. exposed B. exposing C. being exposed D. to be exposed 30. I am grateful to him for that precious advice, ________ I owe all my success. A. for which B. to which C. on which D. with which 31. I can‘t think why she ________ have made so many careless mistakes when he took quite an easy exam. A. might B. could C. should D. would 32. There‘s little chance that we will succeed in changing our fate. ________, it is important that we
try. A. Meanwhile B. Nevertheless C. Otherwise D. Therefore 33. China will make a great difference in promoting multinational joint development, the "Belt and Road" policies ________. A. accelerated B. accelerating C. to accelerate D. having accelerated 34. It is claimed that hundreds of people who were desperate to attend the concert were ________ from the stadium because it was full last night. A. put down B. hung up C. taken over D. turned away 35. —Mom, I‘ll stay in to accompany my grandpa this evening. — ________! A. With pleasure B. Never mind C. Suit yourself D. It depends
第二节 完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出 最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
I recently heard a story from Stephen Glenn about a famous research scientist. He had made several very important medical 36 . Once, he was being interviewed by a newspaper journalist who asked why he was able to be so much more creative than the 37 person. What set him so far apart from others? He responded that, in his opinion, it all came from a(n) 38 with his mother that occurred when he was about two years old. He had been trying to 39 a bottle of milk from the refrigerator when he lost his grip on the slippery bottle and it fell, 40 its contents all over the kitchen floor - a veritable sea of milk! When his mother came into the kitchen, instead of 41 at him, giving him a lecture or punishing him, she said, "Robert, what a great and wonderful 42 you have made! I have rarely seen such a huge puddle of milk. Well, the 43 has already been done. Would you like to get down and play in the milk for a few minutes 44 we clean it up?" Indeed, he did. After a few 45 , his mother said, "You know, Robert, whenever you make a mess like this, eventually you have to clean it up and 46 everything to its proper order." And together they cleaned up the spilled milk. His mother then said, "You know, what we have here is a 47 experiment in how to effectively carry a big milk bottle with two tiny hands. Let's go out in the back yard and 48 water into the bottle and see if you can discover a way to carry it without 49 it." The little boy 50 that if he grasped the bottle at the top near the lip with both hands, he could make it. What a wonderful 51 ! This renowned scientist then 52 that it was at that moment that he knew he didn't need to be afraid to make mistakes. Instead, he learned that mistakes were just 53 for learning something new, which is, after all, what scientific 54 are all about. Even if the experiment "doesn't work," we usually learn something 55 from it. 36. A. choices B. breakthroughs C. headlines D. decisions 37. A. normal B. usual C. extraordinary D. average 38. A. experience B. association C. event D. fiction 39. A. boil B. cook C. remove D. freeze
40. A. spoiling 41. A. pointing 42. A. discovery 43. A. disaster 44. A. when 45. A. days 46. A. restore 47. A. succeeded 48. A. fill 49. A. falling 50. A. studied 51. A. class 52. A. recited 53. A. environment 54. A. skills 55. A. valuable
B. spraying B. yelling B. mess B. destruction B. while B. hours B. recover B. failed B. keep B. dropping B. researched B. course B. recommended B. situations B. approaches B. essential
C. spreading C. smiling C. arrangement C. harm C. after C. minutes C. relieve C. conducted C. store C. quitting C. learned C. curriculum C. remarked C. opportunities C. developments C. awful
D. sweeping D. glancing D. joke D. damage D. before D. seconds D. renew D. fascinated D. save D. breaking D. witnessed D. lesson D. reported D. settings D. experiments D. merciful
第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出 最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A THE SATURDAY EVENING POST—PAST, PRESENT & FUTURE As the oldest magazine in the United States, The Saturday Evening Post has entertained, engaged, educated, and inspired generations of Americans. It has also offered a premier platform for advertisers. With a history dating back to 1821, The Saturday Evening Post has earned an esteemed reputation for quality writing and celebrated art—particularly the work of illustrator Norman Rockwell. Today, the Post continues its legacy. The magazine is drawing on its rich archives, which record Americans‘ creativity, perseverance, and spirit in adapting to the changing world. At the same time, the Post is tapping the creativity of America‘s greatest writers, humorists, researchers, and illustrators to deliver a unique perspective on all aspects of American life: health, humor, fiction, DIY in The Country Gentleman, finance, and a range of topics that offer advertisers and readers the best of America! The Saturday Evening Post is cultivating new, expanded readership. This year, it will invest heavily to accelerate its growth and reinforce its editorial content with an advisory board of renowned experts in their fields. The Post will continue to celebrate the best of America—past, present, and future—by drawing on its archives and traditions, and continuing to be a focus for the nation. MARKETING & SALES SUPPORT The Saturday Evening Post offers tremendous value to its advertisers. Our high pass-along rate and two-month shelf life means that almost three million readers see each issue of the Post. We have
remarkable resources to help you maximize your partnership with the Post through in-books and saturdayeveningpost.com advertising opportunities, our Power of Partnering Alliance Programs, our Premium Insert Package Program, as well as custom licensing programs available using our extensive archives. The Saturday Evening Post reaches educated, older adults, and our marketing and sales teams are ready to develop a partnership that truly connects your products with this preferred demographic. Please contact us today to see what the Post can do for you. CONTACT 1100 Waterway Blvd., Indianapolis, IN 46202 Phone: (317) 634-1100 Fax: (317) 637-0126 Email: email@example.com 56. Which of the following has a WRONG account of THE SATURDAY EVENING POST? A. It has a great fame partly for its nicely-written articles. B. Creative minds are easy to stand out on this platform. C. Its all-round development leaves no room to be polished. D. Focusing it closely on the nation makes it well-received. 57. Which column of the homepage can you probably find this passage from? A. About us B. Magazine Review C. Licensing D. Submission Guidelines B Australia is known as the ―lucky country‖ with its sunny zones, beautiful beaches and relaxed lifestyle. But did you know that it is also a ―happy‖ country, at least according to well-being measures? In fact, Australia scores above average in almost all of the 11 well-being dimensions measured by the OECD Better Life Index. It does exceptionally well on the environment and health. Australians breathe some of the cleanest air, with far less of the tiny particulate matter that gets into the deepest part of the lungs than in many other countries–a PM10 level of only 13.1 micrograms per cubic metre, as opposed to the average of 20.1 micrograms for the OECD. They can expect to live up to 82 years of age, compared with an average of 80 years in the OECD. And as well as being healthy, they score highly on civic engagement, thanks largely to the compulsory voting system: 93% of Australians turned out to vote in the most recent general elections, the highest percentage in the OECD. Australia‘s regions are also happy. In fact, according to the OECD‘s new Regional Well -Being, all eight Australian states rank among the best 20% of all 362 regions studied around the world in civic engagement, environment and income. And Canberra, the Capital Territory, ranks first in Australia, beating the other regions in six of the nine well-being dimensions. Even the low-performing regions still fare better than the OECD average in most of the well-being indicators. But it is not a perfect score sheet. There is wide inequality between the Australian regions, especially in health and safety where the country ranks fourth and fifth worst in terms of disparities. Education is also a problem in some regions, as the share of workers with at least a secondary diploma living in the lowest performing Australian regions is 8 percentage points lower than the OECD average.
Perhaps the most surprising result of all is Australia‘s low score in work-life balance. More than 14% of Australian employees work for more than 50 hours per week, much more than the OECD average of almost 9%. This hardly squares with the country‘s reputation for an easy and leisurely lifestyle, a fact that has been picked up by the Australian users of the Better Life Index, ranking work-life balance as the most important factor for a better life. 58. According to the passage, the author most likely agrees that ________. A. Australians vote out of consciousness of civil rights B. Australia is a paradise in the world free from smog C. Australia is a country poor in safety and education D. Australians‘ long life mainly relies on environment 59. What does the underlined phrase square with (in Para 5) most likely mean? A. collide with B. submit to C. correspond with D. consist in 60. What would be the best title for the text? A. Australia: The Happy Country B. Australia: The Surprising Country C. Australia: The Lucky Country D. Australia: The Unequal Country C Amizade means friendship in Portuguese. It is also the name of a service organization in the United States that places volunteers in projects mostly in developing countries. Amizade‘s executive director, Eric Hartman, thought of the idea in Brazil in 1994, which explains the Portuguese name. The Amizade Global Service-Learning and Volunteer Programs placed three hundred volunteers in nine countries last year. These American university students and others worked in thirteen communities. Amizade works with local groups and individuals on service and learning projects. The local groups define and direct the projects. The volunteers learn about local cultures and make friends as they work in the community. Amizade charges college students as much as ten thousand dollars for three months of experience. Volunteers generally provide labor and do things like teaching and assisting at local health centers. They can also do research. College students can earn work-study credits. Participants in programs have included a twelve-year-old boy and a man in his eighties. There are programs in Ghana, Tanzania, Brazil, Bolivia, Mexico and Jamaica. There are also programs in Germany, Poland, Northern Ireland and the United States. Recently, in Tanzania, thirteen Amizade volunteers worked on systems to harvest rainwater from the roofs of homes. They worked on the project in the Karagwe area, in the northwestern part of the country. Eric Hartman, the director, described the water collection systems in blog postings from Tanzania earlier this month. Rain falls on the metal roofs and flows into aluminum gutters (排水沟). These gutters carry the water to a large collection tank on the side of the home. The rain harvesting systems mean that a family member no longer has to walk long distances to get water. So there is more time for farming or schoolwork. The systems are especially useful for those who are too sick to go a long way for water. In the Caribbean island nation of Jamaica, Amizade places volunteers with a local partner in the small community of Peters field. The volunteers live with local families. They help children with
schoolwork and computer skills. They also visit the sick and work on building, painting and other restoration projects in the community. 61. The intention of Amizade is ________. A. to help people make foreign friends B. to train volunteers to teach English C. to offer services and projects to developing countries D. to place volunteers in projects in developing countries 62. Which of the following can‘t the Amizade volunteers do in the projects? A. Make good friends. B. Learn about local culture. C. Direct the projects. D. Help children with homework. 63. If you are a college student and want to become a volunteer of Amizade, ________. A. you must be no older than 80 B. you must come from America C. you must be strong-minded D. you must pay to be admitted 64. The writer tells the story in Tanzania to show readers ________. A. some knowledge can be acquired from the blog B. volunteers in Amizade can make a difference C. Tanzania is a country desperate for fresh water D. more volunteers are required for Amizade D Snow had come in time to make it a white Christmas in the small village of Barrington, Vermont. In fact, it had snowed on and off for the last three days prior to Christmas Eve. Snow was deep. It was blown into snowdrifts four to five feet high. The village looked like a picture postcard of an idyll Christmas scene. But there was a problem, the heavy snow on the roads to come to a stop. Children of the village were worried. How could Mr. Nathan Jackson, the storyteller, make it to the village‘s Christmas Eve celebration? It was a grand night, full of traditions. The village Christmas tree was selected from the ample pine forest that covered the hillsides surrounding this picturesque village. The tradition was that the sixth grade pupils would be the ones who selected the tree. Their families would set up the tree on the stage in the large community hall. The tree was decorated each year with special ornaments. These ornaments had special meaning to the villages because they demonstrated stories told by Mr. Nathan Jackson. Christmas Eve the community hall was full. Grown –ups had gathered to the rear of the hall, while the children took up their customary positions in front of the stage. Many of them on the floor with pillows, blankets or just heavy jackets to soften their seats on the hardwood floor. The children were all hopeful that Mr. Jackson would make it to the Christmas Eve celebration. He hadn‘t missed a year since he started story telling in 1969. Children and adults all had the storyteller on their minds. Conversations throughout the great hall centered on stories that were told in past years. Everyone had a favorite. When groups of people agreed on a particular story they would share their remembrances by saying, ― Do you remember when he told the story about…yes, it was 1969 when he first told the special story about the Christmas tree he called it the ?tree of life‘.‖ ―…And do you remember how he told the story about the star window in our church. The star
was just an ordinary clear glass but it turned magically into a gold star on the Christmas Eve in 1987.‖….. ―…Oh yes, my favorite story was the one about the train that overcame many problems to bring us Christmas gifts from distant relatives. That was the year story of 1974 or ‘75…whatever…it was a good story…and don‘t forget the funny one that us how Santa Claus‘ beard had grown so long.‖ The telephone on the wall of the community center rang. All talking stopped so that Mrs. Anderson could answer it. ―Oh no!‖ said Mrs. Anderson. ―That is too bad,‖ she continued. ―You did! They‘re on their way? All right…our best to Mr. Jackson. Thank you.‖ She hung up the phone. ―What was that all about?‖ asked the town mayor. Mrs. Anderson said the call was Mrs. Jackson, Nathan‘s wife. She said he was too ill to make the trip. However, she said that she made something for us. It will be a story gift for the year. ―What is it?‖ asked the mayor. ―She didn‘t say.‖ answered Mrs. Anderson. ― She said their son and nephew are bringing it.‖ One of the children spoke up. ―How will they get here? The roads are all covered with snow!‖ Mrs. Anderson turned to the questioning child and said, ―Christopher, they will be coming by a horse drawn sled and they are already on their way.‖ Suddenly sleigh bells were heard outside! It sounds like they were here! The son and the nephew walked to the front of the hall, up the steps to the stage. They unfolded the quilt. The son pointed out the tree of life… the church‘s golden star…. Santa‘s long beard. The son then spoke. ―I don‘t think that my father will be telling any more stories. But he did want my mother to include other patches in the Christmas quilt--- of untold stories: so that in the future years the quilt can be hung for all to see. Old remembered stories could be retold. Imagination could be used to tell new stories. Mrs. Anderson… could you tell me the story about your favorite cookie jar. Mr. Johnson, how about your wood shop and the rocking horse you made for your granddaughter and grandson. And your Mr. Mayor…about the year we had no Christmas snow. You made snowmen out of straw and bed sheets.‖ Turning to the crowd the son continued. ―Do you see your story in my mother‘s Christmas quilt? Close your eyes and think about it!‖ To this day the stories in Barrington, Vermont have a special meaning to all who hear them. I now charge you parents to gather your family on Christmas Eve…share your traditions…your love…but also His love---- who came to us as an ordinary baby so many years ago. 65. Snow is given a special account in paragraph one in order to ________. A. highlight the beauty of snow B. reveal the arrival of Christmas C. decorate the village well D. indicate trouble approaching here 66. Why did villagers pick up ornaments to decorate their Christmas trees? A. In memory of the grand night B. In honor of a special storyteller C. In anticipation of a promising new year D. In celebration of the Christmas 67. The locals were assured of the arrival of Mr. Jackson mainly for the sake of his ________. A. persistence in sharing his wisdom B. talent in telling stories C. unique art of teaching children D. wide vision of insight 68. What do paragraphs 6 and 7 imply according to the passage? A. Stories by Mr. Jackson impressed villagers greatly. B. Villagers would like Mr. Jackson‘s stories repeated. C. It is crucial to have the old-fashioned stories updated.
D. Villagers requested more interesting stories to be told. 69. The underlined phrase ―to include other patches in the Christmas quilt‖ in Paragraph 14 most probably mean? A. to fill the quilt with Christmas gifts B. to ensure his son to tell story on his behalf C. to refresh local‘s imaginary stories D. to send best wishes to the villagers 70. The author writes the passage mainly to ________. A. introduce a trust-worthy story-teller B. appeal to us to learn to share love C. tell readers some interesting Christmas stories D. describe a grand Christmas Eve
第Ⅱ卷（共 35 分） 第四部分：任务型阅读（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最 恰当的单词。 注意：请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只写一个单词。
Ways to Create a Happy Household Every family is different, with different personalities, customs, and ways of thinking, talking, and connecting to one another. There is no one "right" kind of family. But whether parents are strict or tolerant, irritable or calm, home has to be a place of love, encouragement, and acceptance of their feelings and individuality for kids to feel emotionally safe and secure. It also has to be a source of don'ts and limits. Most of us want such an atmosphere to exist in our homes, but with today's stresses this often seems harder and harder to achieve. From time to time it helps to take stock and think about the changes we could make to improve our home emotional climate. Here are a few that will. How we talk to our children every day is part of the emotional atmosphere we weave. Besides giving them opportunities to be open about how they feel, we have to watch what we say and how we say it. We often forget how much kids take parental criticisms to heart and how much these affect their feelings about themselves. Psychologist Martin Seligman found that when parents consistently blame kids in exaggerated ways, children feel overly guilty and ashamed and withdraw emotionally. Look at the difference between "Roger, this room is always a pigsty! You are such a boy!" and "Roger, your room is a mess today! Before you go out to play, it has to be picked up." One way tells Roger he can never do anything right. The other tells him exactly what to do to fix things so he can be back in his mom's good graces and doesn't suggest he has a permanent character flaw. For criticism to be constructive for children, we have to cite causes that are specific and temporary. Another constructive way to criticize children is to remind them of the impact their actions have on us. This promotes empathy rather than resentment. A predictable daily framework, clear and consistent rules, and an organized house make kids -and parents -- more relaxed and comfortable, and that means everyone has emotional balance. When conflicts, tensions, or crises occur, the routine is a reassuring and familiar support, a reliable harbor of our lives that won't change.
Think about your mornings. Do your kids go off to school feeling calm and confident? Or are they upset and ill-tempered? What about evenings and bedtime? Do you have angry fights over homework or how much TV children can watch? A calm bedtime routine is one good medicine for the dark fears that surface when kids are alone in bed with the lights turned out. Yet a routine that's too inflexible doesn't make room for kids' individual temperaments（气质）, preferences, and characters. Time together is at such a precious in most households that many families, like the Martins, hold regular family meetings so everyone can air and resolve the week's worries as well as share the good things that happened. When the Martins gather on Friday night, they also take the opportunity to anticipate what's scheduled for the week ahead. That way they eliminate (mostly!) those last-minute anxieties over whether someone has soccer shoes for the first practice, the books for a report, or a ride to a music lesson. Everyday life is full of opportunities to establish loving connections with our kids. Researchers have found that parents who spend time playing, joking with, and sharing their own thoughts and feelings with their kids have children who are more friendly, generous, and loving. After all, giving love fosters love, and what convinces our kids that we love them more than our willingness to spend time with them? Many parents say that often they feel most in tune emotionally with their kids when they just hang out together -- sprawling on the bed to watch TV, walking down the block together to mail a letter, talking on long car rides when kids know they have a parent's complete attention. At these times the hurt feelings and the secret fears are finally mentioned. Part of encouraging loving feelings is insisting that kids treat others, including siblings, with kindness, respect, and fairness -- at least some of the time. In one family, kids write on a chart in the kitchen at the end of each day the name of someone who did something nice for them.
Ways to Create a Happy Household
Reasons 71 ▲ for the creating a happy household happiness
●Families 72 ▲ one from another in characteristics. ●Kids long for acceptance and 73 ▲ feelings ●Most of us want an existence of a happy family atmosphere.
Watch you Say
● Watching the contents and ways of communicating with kids ●Criticizing kids in a 74 ▲ way ● Making them 75 ▲ of the negative impact of their actions
Ways to improve home emotional climate
Provide order and Stability
●Keeping the daily life in 76 ▲ balance kids‘ emotion ● Ensuring kids‘ calmness and 77 before leaving for school ●Maintaining a calm bedtime routine
Hold family meetings
●Getting together 78 to share feelings
79 ▲ loving feelings
●Establishing a loving connections with kids by keeping them 80 ▲ ●Insisting Kids should treat others nicely
第五部分：读写任务（满分 25 分）
Horror filled the heart of the World War I soldier as he saw his lifelong friend fall in battle. Trapped there with continuous gunfire over his head, the soldier asked his captain if he might go out into the "No Man's Land" to bring his fallen friend back. "You can go," said the captain, "but I don't think it will be worth it. Your friend is probably dead and you may throw your own life away." The captain's words didn't matter, and the soldier went anyway. Miraculously he managed to reach his friend, carried him onto his shoulder, and brought him back. As the two of them got there, the officer checked the wounded soldier, then looked kindly at his friend. "I told you it wouldn't be worth it," he said. "Your friend is dead, and you are seriously wounded." "It was worth it, though, sir," the soldier said. "How do you mean 'worth it'?" responded the captain. "Your friend is dead!" "Yes sir," the private answered. "But it was worth it because when I got to him, he was still
alive, and I had the satisfaction of hearing him say, 'Jim, I knew you'd come.'" Many a time in life, whether a thing is worth doing or not really depends on how you look at it. [写作内容] 1．用约 30 个单词写出上文概要； 2．用约 120 词发表你的观点，内容包括： （1）联系实际阐释“值与不值” ； （2）举例说明你觉得“值”且毅然“做”的事； （3）阐述这次经历给你的感悟。 [写作要求] 1．作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原 文中的句子。 2．作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准] 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，语篇连贯。
扬州市 2014-2015 学年度高三第四次模拟考试
1-5 AABBB 6-10 ABACC 11-15 ABBAA 16-20 BBACC 21-25 BCBAD 26-30 ADACB 31-35 CBADC 36-40 BDACA 41-45 BBDDC 46-50 ABABC 51-55 DCCDA
56-57 CA 58-60 DCA 61-64 DCDB 65-70 DBAACB 71. accounting 72. distinguish/tell/differentiate/discriminate 73. safety / security 74. constructive 75. aware / conscious / know 76. order 77. (self-)confidence 78. regularly 79. Encourage 80. accompanied / company Possible version 1: Risking his life in a battle, a soldier, turning a deaf ear to his captain‘s advice, insisted on bringing his lifelong friend back from "No Man's Land" despite the fact he was probably dead, which, in his view, was worth the risk. In reality, there is indeed something seemingly unworthy in others‘ eyes but extremely worthwhile to us. Therefore, regardless of what others might say, we go ahead as we hold the belief strongly that it is worth a try. This reminds me of an experience years ago. A friend of mine, once mistaken for a thief, was deserted by others, who kept urging me never to last our friendship. However, I, never losing trust in
him, remained his friend before he proved innocent. Take up all your courage and do something your heart tells you to do so that you may not regret not doing it later in life. （150 词） Possible version 2: Turning a deaf ear to his captain‘s advice, a soldier risked his life in a battle to bring his lifelong friend back from "No Man's Land". Despite the fact that his friend was dead, he insisted that deserved the risk. In truth, something appears pointless in others‘ eyes, but turns out extremely of great value to us. Therefore, regardless of how others might find us, we should go ahead as we hold that it is worth a try. An experience years ago always stays in my mind. A friend of mine was once mistaken for a thief, deserted by others, who kept urging me never to keep our friendship. Instead of distrusting him, I remained his friend before his proving innocent. Take up all your courage and do just as your heart tells you to so that you will never regret for not having done it later in life.
阅读理解解析 Ａ篇 56. C。 判断推理题。 题意要求找出没有真实描写这一邮报的题项第四段 “This year, it will invest heavily to accelerate its growth and reinforce its editorial content with an advisory board of renowned experts in their fields.” ， 表明为了拥有更多的读者， 报社将加大投资促进杂志的发展， 并邀请所在领域有名的学者专家来提高编写的内容层次。 C 项是 ―报社全方面的发展已无需任 何改进‖，很明显与事实不相符合。 57. A。判断推理题。文章主要给我们介绍了 The Saturday Evening Post 相关的一些信息，故以 上内容应归入 About us 栏目。 Ｂ篇 58. D。推理判断题。由第二段“It does exceptionally well on the environment and health. ”以及 “They can expect to live up to 82 years of age, compared with an average of 80 years in the OECD.”可知。 59. C。 词义猜测题。 根据最后一段 “Perhaps the most surprising result of all is Australia‘s low score in work-life balance.” ，和 the country‘s reputation for an easy and leisurely lifestyle，可知 square with 意思为相一致， 相符合。 Correspond with 相一致； consist in 在于； collide with 相冲突； submit to 屈从于。 60.Ａ。主旨大意题。纵观全文，Australia 不仅仅是 lucky，更是 the happy country，并从自然 与生活中加以阐述说明。 C篇 61. D。细节理解题。根据第一段第二行 that places volunteers in projects mostly in developing countries 可知。 62. C。细节理解题。根据第三段第二行直到最后 The local groups define and direct the projects. The volunteers learn about local cultures and make friends as they work in the community 和最后一 段倒数第三行 They help children with schoolwork and computer skills， 得知 local groups “指导” ，
而志愿者只是 learn about local cultures, make friends 或 help children with schoolwork and computer skills 等等。 63. D。细节理解题。根据文章第四段 Amizade charges college students as much as ten thousand dollars for three months of experience 得知。 64. B。根据志愿者在 Tanzania 收集雨水的作为和第 10 段的 The rain harvesting systems mean that a family member no longer has to walk long distances to get water 说明，Amizade 的志愿者的 确起到了作用 make a difference。 Ｄ篇 65. D。推理判断题。根据文章“But there was a problem, the heavy snow on the roads to come to a stop. Children of the village were worried. How could Mr. Nathan Jackson, the storyteller, make it to the village‘s Christmas Eve celebration?”可知，第一段对于雪的描述，人们的担心，旨在告诉 我们 Nathan Jackson 今年到来的困难。 66. B。推理判断题。由第二段“These ornaments had special meaning to the villages because they demonstrated stories told by Mr. Nathan Jackson.”知，村民对于圣诞树的装饰物，是为了纪念一 个特别的讲故事的人—Nathan Jackson. 67. A。细节事实题。根据题意“当地人对于 Jackson 的到来确信无疑，主要源于”，根据第四 段“He hadn‘t missed a year since he started story telling in 1969”可知。 68. A。归纳总结题。根据文章第六段和第七段，两位村民对于 Jackson 先生所讲圣诞故事的追 忆，旨在表明人们对于 Jackson 故事的记忆犹新。 69. C。判断理解题。第 14 段“of untold stories: so that in the future years the quilt can be hung for all to see. Old remembered stories could be retold”，用 patches in the Christmas quilt 指代 old remembered stories，是为了唤起当地人对于想象力故事的记忆。 70. B。作者意图理解题。由文章最后一段“I now charge you parents to gather your family on Christmas Eve…share your traditions…your love…but also His love---- who came to us as an ordinary baby so many years ago”，可知作者写作的目的是呼吁人家在圣诞节分享传统以及爱。 故选 B。 书面表达评分标准
本题总分为 25 分，按 5 个档次给分。 （参见附录） 。评分时，首先根据文章的内容和语言 （内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、上下文的连贯性及语言的得体性）初步 确定其所属档次，然后以该档次的要求来衡量，确定最后给分。
1．词数少于 130 或多于 170 的，从总分中减去 2 分。 2．语言形式错误分为大错和小错。大错包括“时态、语态、主谓一致”等，小错包括“单 词拼写错误、小品词用法错误”等。 如出现 1 个大错，从总分中减去 1 分。如出现 1 个小错，从总分中减去半分。 3．如层次不清楚，写作没分段，从总分中减去 2 分。 4．如果没有使用较复杂的句子结构，评分时将分数降低 1 个档次。 5．三处乱涂扣 1 分，五处乱涂扣 2 分。鉴定：如在写错的单词上划上 1-2 道线的不算乱 涂，三道线以上以及不规则的乱花算乱涂） 。
6．书写较差，以至影响交际，将分数降低 1 个档次。
1．文章概要（5 分） 文章概括：故事性文章内容概述应包括时间、地点、人物、事件、结果（5 分） 。 写 概括时不能抄袭文章原句（不含运用原词） ，否则以零分计算。 2．联系实际，阐释观点（6 分） 联系具体实际，阐释人们如何面对（3 分）和处理（3 分）生活中他人认为的“不值” 而自己认为“值”的事。 3．例谈生活经历（9 分） 以生活或学习中经历为例加以描述。承接上文的过渡句（1 分） ；经历描述（7 分） ： 事情的来龙去脉（2 分）和毅然去做的原因（2 分） ，怎么去做（2 分） ，结果如何（2 分） 。 4．阐述这次经历给你的感悟（5 分） 正确处理他人认为“不值”而你认为“值”的事（3 分）以及原因（2 分） 。 附录： 【英语作文评分标准--各档次的给分范围和要求】 第五档(很好)：(21-25 分) 1. 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 2. 覆盖所有内容要点。 3. 应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。 4. 语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误，但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致；具备 较强的语言运用能力。 5. 有效地使用了语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 6. 完全达到了预期的写作目的。 第四档(好)：(16-20 分) 1. 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 2. 虽漏掉 1、2 个次重点，但覆盖所有主要内容。 3. 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 4. 语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确，些许错误主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构或词汇所 致。 5. 应用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 6. 达到了预期的写作目的。 第三档(适当)：(11-15 分) 1. 基本完成了试题规定的任务。 2. 虽漏掉一些内容，但覆盖所有主要内容。 3. 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 4. 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解。 5. 应用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文内容连贯。 6. 整体而言，基本达到了预期的写作目的。 第二档(较差)：(6-10 分) 1. 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。
2. 漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容，写了一些无关内容。 3. 语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。 4. 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响了对写作内容的理解。 5. 较少使用语句间的连接成分，内容缺少连贯性。 6. 信息未能清楚地传达给读者。 第一档(差)：(1-5 分) 1. 未完成试题规定的任务。 2. 明显遗漏主要内容，写了一些无关内容，原因可能是未理解试题要求。 3. 语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。 4. 较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响对写作内容的理解。 5. 缺乏语句间的连接成分，内容不连贯。 6. 信息未能传达给读者。 不得分：(0 分) 未能传达给读者仟何信息：内容太少，无法评判；写的内容均与所要求内容无关或所写 内容无法看清。
Text 1 M: Oh no, I can‘t use the computer to test my experiment; I‘ll never get my paper finished in time. W: Why don‘t you begin with the library research part? Text 2 M: What‘s up? Kate! Is there anything I can do for you? W: Oh, Mike! I am to catch the 9:48 train to Fuzhou, but I can‘t find a taxi to the station. M: Don‘t worry. I can drive you there. Text 3 M: Oh my God, it‘s already 8:40. W: There‘s no rush. I can take you in the car. M: Won‘t it make you late? W: No, I‘m going right past your place. Text 4 W: Look at those ladies. They all have black hair, but in the streets you would see a lot of different colors. Some of them have theirs dyed. M: Very few Chinese had hair dyed, except old people. But now some modern young people have their hair dyed yellow or brown. I don‘t like them. Text 5 M: Hello. Pedersen. W: Oh, Mr. Pedersen, good morning. This is Mary Malone. Mr. Graber asked me to ring you about your sales report. M: Ah yes, Miss Malone. Kind of you to ring. The report has been posted, I‘m sure. Er, Niels Olsen prepared it. Look, shall I get you transferred to him? W: Oh, yes, thank you, Mr. Pedersen. Text 6 M: I‘m very worried about our final exam next week. For one thing, I can‘t sleep. W: Yeah. I went through the same thing last year.
M: That‘s why I‘m asking you about it. Do you have any suggestion? W: Well, last year the university offered a stress management course at about this time. Have you been in touch with the service? M: No, I have no time. W: Funny, isn‘t it? Just when students need help most we can‘t afford the time to get it. You‘d better call the health service tomorrow. They open at 9:00 am. Well, have a good night‘s sleep. M: That‘s easier said than done. Text 7 M: This is all your fault! This wouldn‘t have happened if you hadn‘t tried to give money to that policeman! W: Well, if you‘d listened to me when I suggested asking someone for directions, we shouldn‘t have got lost in the first place, would we? M: Oh, go on! Blame it all on me! You were the one who was driving when we got stopped by the police. If you hadn‘t been speeding, we wouldn‘t have been stopped at all! W: That‘s not fair. We were doing fine until you suddenly decided you knew a quicker way! M: Oh, come on! I only suggest it because we were running so late. We would‘ve been fine if you hadn‘t suggested driving instead of taking the train. W: No! We would‘ve been fine if you had remembered to book tickets! Text 8 M: Young people are given too much freedom nowadays, and as a result they have lost respect for their parents in general. W: I don‘t think so. My parents gave me advice but never forced me to do anything I didn‘t want to do. I respect and love them for this. M: Are you quite independent from them now? W: Oh, yes. After I left school and started to work as a nurse, I became economically independent. What about you? M: Well, we value family life very much in my country. I‘m also very fond of my family. But I don‘t always get along well with my parents. They seldom allow me to do what I want to. W: But they allowed you to come to study in England on your own. M: Yes, but only after a lot of persuasion. Text 9 W: Professor Smith... I‘m a reporter. M: Oh, please call me Nick. W: All right. We have major problems of air, land and water pollution. What do you think we should do to solve these problems? M: First, the government needs to make laws to prevent pollution. Then ordinary citizens have to take responsibility themselves for solving the problem. W: What do you think ordinary people can do to help solving this serious problem? M: They can help in many ways. They first should not drop litter in public places. W: That‘s true. Many people don‘t realize what they are doing is just polluting the environment. What else do you suggest? M: And also the officials and educators should set good examples in environmental protection. I remember once I was travelling together with some university teachers in the countryside, I was very shocked that they just threw bottles out of the car windows. How can they tell and let young
people believe that everyone should be responsible for environmental protection? W: Yes. I suppose we often don‘t realize what we are doing is wrong when littering. Do you think it is too late for us to solve this problem? M: No, not at all, I think it‘s a matter of setting good examples and educating people to be aware of the problem. W: Well, thank you very much for your suggestions. Text 10 Well, I guess there are three things that I cannot live without. You saw me playing with my new toy just now. It‘s my iPod touch and it is great. I often take long bus journeys at the weekend. And on this little thing I can watch a movie, and that just makes bus journeys fly by. It also has wireless Internet so I can carry it around, and in a coffee shop I can check my email. And it is also able to play music, although I don‘t listen to music much. That‘s one. My iPod touch is with me all the time. It‘s kind of connected to my No. 2. No. 2 is the Internet. I couldn‘t live without the Internet. I‘m online every day reading newspapers, checking out information about things I want to do or see that day, keeping in touch with family and friends, although I don‘t do that as much as they would like. The Internet is such a huge part of my life. I can‘t imagine what it was like ten or fifteen years ago when nobody was online. No. 3, I suppose, is the sun which sounds a bit meaningless because everything on earth requires the sun. But for me, it‘s not so much about getting what plants and animals get from the sun. It‘s just being able to enjoy the soft warmth, lying by the pool, letting my mind be empty and clear. Those are my three. How about you?