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2014 9

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ʵ 1 ʵ 2

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WWW ú͹ ...................................................1 FTP ú͹

.............................................7

ʵ 3 ʵ ............................................................14 ʵ 4PACKET TRACER װʹ.................................19 ʵ 5Ļ ........................................................29 ʵ 6·Ļ ........................................................34

ʵ 1

WWW ú͹

һʵĿģ 1. Web Ļ÷ 2.ѧϰ Web İȫơ ʵ黷WindowsxpIIS ʵݣ 1. ú͹ Web 2. IIS Ļ÷ 3. IIS İȫԿơ ġʵ鲽裺 1IIS İװ Windows XP pro УIIS ĬϰװģΪѡ ҪվͿѡװǣܼ򵥣 XP ̣Ȼ й̣ нѡ ߴ򿪿Ȼӻɾ ļ ѡ Windows ڵԻѡ internet Ϣ IIS ȻȷװͿˡͼ 1

ͼ 1 װ Windows е IIS Ϣ

1

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ 2 װɺֵġInternet Ϣ

2øվ 1IIS װڡߡлһInternet Ϣͼ꣬ ͼ 2 2˫Internet Ϣ񡱺ʹ򿪡Internet Ϣ񡱵Ĺڣ ͼ 3ͨýǿԶ IIS ã

ͼ 3 롰Internet Ϣ ͼͼ 3иaa վ ĬΪĬվ ѡҲ һµ Web վ㣬ĬվϵҼѡ ȻҪּɡ 3 IISվϵҼѡͼ 4 á

2

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ 4 վ վ ? ָ IP ַָΪ192.168.0.100 ? ӳʱʱ ? ־¼ 4 ͼ 5 Ŀ¼жҳݵԴ ĬΪ C:\Inetpub\wwwroot
?

·ԸҪã һӰȫԽǶϿDzҪϵͳ ķ½һ·

ͼ 5 Ŀ¼

5áĵȷĬĵһѡУҪĬĵ
3

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

Ӧ˳򼴿ɡǣֻ IP ַϵͳԶڡĿ¼а򡱣ϵ£Ѱбָ ҵһõһѰҲõڶ Ŀ¼ûдбеκһļڣ ʾҲļij Ϣͼ 6

ͼ 6 ĵ

6֤ Web дһЩ Web ҳ棨ı༭ web ҳļʱ չҪ html Web վĿ¼£֮ĵַ ·ַ IE 鿴վеҳ棬֤ǷЧ 磺http://192.168.0.100/a.html 3IIS İȫ 1).Web վķʿƼ Խ IP ַơû֤Web ȨޡNTFS Ȩվ 2).IP ַơ ԶԻѡ Ŀ¼ȫԡ ѡб༭ IP ַ ơ

4

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Ȩ:Ĭмʸ Web վ ͨӰťгбмƷʵļ ܾ:Ĭмʸ Web վ ͨӰťгбмʵļ 3).֤ơ û֤ʡ֤ Windows ֤ Windows ժҪʽ֤.NET Passport ֤ȡ

5

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

4).Web վеĿ¼ļȨޡ дȨ :ûϴļĿ¼еݡ ע÷Ȩ ʱӦʮֽͨϴ ע⣺վ IP ַʱӦ뱾 IP ַһ¡

6

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ʵ 2
1.ʵĿ

FTP ú͹

1˽ FTP Ļԭ 2Ϥ FTP Э 3ճ FTP Ĺ͹ 2ʵԭ 1FTP FTP File Transfer Protocol дļЭ顣FTP ǻ һҪ ɸ÷ʹõЭģ ļ FTP ͨ FTP ͻ FTP Ȼ FTP Эļġءϴ νأͨӦͻļЭĿ£ ļеļصԼļУ ļĹ̾ͳΪ أDownload ֮⣬ҲԽԼеļ͵ FTP ϣ̳ΪϴUpload 2.FTP Ĺԭ FTP TCP/IP һ־Ӧã OSI ģ͵ĵ߲㡢TCP ģ ĵIJ㣨Ӧò㣩ϣʹ TCP UDPFTP ͻںͷ ֮ǰҪһ֡Ḷ́Ŀڿͻ֮ ǿɿģӵģΪݵĴṩ˿ɿı֤ FTP ģʽ֣ PORT PASV PORT ģʽһģʽ PASV DZģʽﶼڷԵġڹȥͻĬΪ PORT ģʽ PORT ģʽİȫ⣬ ͻ˵ FTP ӦĬΪ PASV ģʽ 3.ʵ 1 IIS FTP 1װ IIS Ĺʵװ IIS ơȷͼ 3-1 ʾ Internet ϢбѡСļЭ飨FTP

7

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ 3-1 װ IIS е FTP 2򿪡ʼ>塱>ߡ> Internet Ϣ IIS ̨ͼ 3-2

ͼ 3-2 װɵ FTP 3Ĭ FTP վ㡱 Ҽݲ˵ѡСԡ 򿪡Ĭ FTP վԡԻͼ 3-3 ڡFTP վ㡱ѡУҪ޸ġΪʶıʶ硰 FTP IP ַ޸Ϊǰij IP ַ߱ IP ַ £ 籾޸Ϊ˽еַ192.168.1.100 TCP ˿ڡΪĬϵ FTP ˿ڡ21

8

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ 3-3 FTP վ 4ڡȫʺšѡСӡ ڿͻ˵½ʱҪ ֤ͨѡз Windows û ͼ 3-4

ͼ 3-4 ðȫ˺ 5ڡϢѡ FTP ĵ½ӭϢ˳Ϣͼ 3-5

9

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ 3-5 Ϣ 6ڡĿ¼ѡѡ FTP ṩĿ¼˴ѡ 񡰴˼ϵĿ¼ ͨѡ񣬻ѡһϵĹ λá FTP ṩĿ¼ϣʽΪ \\{}\{} FTP վĿ¼µġȡ д롱 ־ʡ FTP վȨ޽ã ڴ˴ dzڰȫΪ anonymous ûͨ䡰ȡ䡰д롱ͼ 3-6 ʾ

ͼ 3-6 Ŀ¼ ûĿ¼ķȨ޿á
10

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

2FTP IJԣ 1 ʼ>С>п롰cmd MS-DOS ģʽڹ괦롰FTP 192.168.1.100 2 IE ַ룺FTP://192.168.1.100

Ҳõ serv-u FTP ʱϰһ¡
ѹѹӲijһ ServUDaemon.exe ServUTray.exe Serv-U˫ط㡰-Կ Ȼע븴ƽȥ ʼãӣţң֣ Ҽ ͼ9 뱾ɣеַ 192.168.0.1

ͼ 3-9 Serv-U IP ַ һ ͼ뱾

ͼ 3-10 һ ͼ1뱾˿ڡ

11

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ 3-11 뱾˿ һ ͼ2ȡĬֵ

ͼ 3-12 ɣӣţң֣յĻ ûûûͼ 3-13

ͼ 3-13 7һ 룬ͼ 3-14

ͼ 3-14 һ 롰Ŀ¼·ָΪC:\Inetpub\wwwroot ͼ 3-15

12

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ 3-15 һ ѡĿ¼ͼ 3-16

ͼ 3-16 Ŀ¼ ɡ SERV-U Ļá

13

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ʵ 3
һʵĿ

ʵ

1 ͨ齨˽˫ߵ׼˫ߵ̺Ӧ 2 ù̺ӦãѧʹãУɣΣͨ 3 ջܹųһ 4 ˽Ĺ̺ͻ 5 ܹ򵥵еʵϺ豸ѵʵ繲

ʵ
1. 2. 3. 4. ѹǯ 5. ߲ 6. 7. ˮͷ

ʵԭ
1˫ߵķ༰ӷ ˫߰Ϊࡢࡢࡢࡢߡڳõ ͳ˫ߡ˫ߵ 100 ס˫ɲͬɫ 4 8 оɵģÿһ߶Զʱ뷽໥϶ɣͬһеIJͬ߶Ծв ͬĽʺ϶ȡ߶ԵԵͭҪҪнʺ⣬߶֮ҲҪ ʱ뷽нʺϡ EIA/TIA IJ߱׼Ĺ涨˫߷Ϊ 568A 568B ׼ Ϊ£
14

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

1-1 ߶ɫ 1 ̰ 2 3 Ȱ

EIA/TIA568A ׼ 4 5 6 7 ذ 9

1-2 EIA/TIA568B ׼ ߶ɫ 1 Ȱ 2 3 ̰ 4 5 6 7 ذ 9

˫ߵӷ ֱͨ:˫˵һ£һ˵ĵһΪɫһ˵ĵһ ҲΪɫоߡһڲͬ豸֮ӣ PC 뽻

ͼ 1-1 ֱͨߵ ߣȻ˫ 4 8 оʵ紫ֻõе 4 оˮ ͷ 1.2.3.6 ţǷֱաźŵãߵйǣߵһ˵ 1 һ˵ĵ 3 ţһ˵ĵ 2 һͷĵ 6 ţĽһһ Ӧɡһͬ豸֮ӣ PC PC뽻

ͼ 1-2 ߵ

2ͨ ping [-t] [-a] [-n count] [-l length] [-f] [-i ttl] [-v tos] [-r count] [-s count] [[-j computer-list] | [-k computer-list]] [-w timeout] destination-list

15

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ġʵ 1. 1ֱͨ 1 賤׼һ 2 ѹǯȥƤԼ 2-3CM¶ 4 о 3 568B ˳кòƽֱ RJ-45 ˮͷע⣺ˮͷ ƬϣҲҪɢ˳ң 4 ˮͷڣˮͷ˿ڵͭо ˵ѵλ 5 ѹǯˮͷǯע⣺ıƤӦ̶ˮͷĻڣ Ա֤ܹܽϴ 6 һ˲谴 1-5 2ߵ 1 1--5ֱͬͨ 2 6 иΪ 568A 3߲Է ˲ǵ RJ-45 ˿ڣ򿪲ǿأS Ϊ٣ ֱͨߣߵָʾ 1-8 ŵĵһһӦ˵߲ͨ ǽߣߵָʾӦ 1-32-63-14-45-56-27-78-8 ˵߲ͨͨжǸûãˮͷߡ 4 װ IP Э飨IP ַã 5IP ַ 1Ҽ桰ھӡ ѡԡ 2ԡӡҼѡԡ 3ѡ TCP/IP Э鲢ԡͼ 1-3

16

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ 1-3 TCP/IP Э 4лÿ̨Ϻ󣬽²ԣ 1 MS-DOS ģʽִ Ping 192.168.1.1 עIP ַʵʵʵַ룩 ִͼ 4 ӦϢͨѶ C:\>ping 192.168.0.2 Pinging 192.168.0.2 with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 192.168.0.2: bytes=32 time<10ms TTL=128 Reply from 192.168.0.2: bytes=32 time<10ms TTL=128 Reply from 192.168.0.2: bytes=32 time<10ms TTL=128 Reply from 192.168.0.2: bytes=32 time<10ms TTL=128 Ping statistics for 192.168.0.2: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 0ms, Maximum = 0ms, Average = 0ms

塢ʵ鲽
ʵ豸Ͳϣص΢IJϵͳ˫ߣ
17

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ձ׼ֱͨߡ ձ׼ߡ ̨ͨ Windows XP ϵͳΪʼá벦ӡӡ ԡInternet Э(TCP/IP) ӺԺʹãУɣΣ̨Ƿͨ ˫ֱӻӣЭӣɣã ظ 56

ʵ鱨
ʵ鱨Ӧ 1ʵĿ 2ʵĿ 3ʵ 4ʵ 5ʵʵĽеʵԼмĵԹ̣ 6ʵܽ 7˼

ߡʵܽ
ʵдʵ鱨档ʵ鱨УӦʵ¼ʵ ϼԷɣʵгֵ⼰취зۣԼ ѧ֪ʶ⡣

18

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ʵ 4Packet Tracer װʹ
ʵĿ: 1 PT İװ 2Ϥ PT Ľ 3򵥵绷 ʵ豸: N ̨ ʵPacket

Tracer5.0windows xp professonal

ϵͳ
ʵ鲽: һװ Packet Tracer 5.0 װdz㣬 ڰװ򵼰һɡ ˼Ƶ豸

19

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ 1 Packet Tracer

ͼаɫǹ ϷDz˵͹ · Ҳѡɾ豸豸 ҵҪ豸ĴȻӸ豸ѰԼҪ豸 ڲУѡ񽻻Ȼѡͺŵ˼ƽ

20

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ2

϶ѡõĽ

21

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ3

Cisco Catalyst 2950豸鿴豸ǰ塢е ģ鼰豸

ͼ4

ӼPacket Tracer жּ

ͼ5

鿴Ըӹģ

ͼ 6 Ӹ豸 ˼ Packet Tracer кܶߣÿһߴһӷʽ ̨ӡ˫߽ӡ˫ֱӡˡ DCE DTE ӷʽɹѡȷӦʹӣʹԶӣ ԶѡӦӷʽ

22

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ7

Ӽ뽻ѡҪӵĽӿ

23

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ8

Ӽ뽻ѡ񽻻ҪӵĽӿ

ͼ9

ͼУɫʾ·ͨɫʾͨ

ͼ 10

ɾӼ豸

24

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ 11

ͼе豸ϻʾǰ豸Ϣ

25

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ 12



ͼ 13

еij

Packet Tracer ģ RS-232 ˼豸 Console ӣն豸á

ͼ 14

Ӽ뽻Ŀ̨

26

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ 15

ѡˡConsoleߣҼеļѡ RS-232 ӿ

ͼ 16

ѡ豸 Console ӿ

27

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ 17

ն˷ʽӵ豸

Packet Tracer 绷ˣͿģʵ绷 ˣô绷ҪԼ豸˽⡣

28

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ʵ 5Ļ
ʵĿģ 1ڽ˿ڵĻ÷ 2֤õȷ 3¼ҪIJ衢 4¼֤. ʵ豸: N ̨ ʵ

Packet Tracer

windows

professonal ϵ

ͳ
ʵ鲽裺 һʵ黷

29

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

Ļ 1.ģʽ switch> ʾʾûģʽֻʹһЩ鿴 switch# ʾʾȨģʽ switch(config)# ʾʾȫģʽ switch(config-if)# ˿ģʽ 2.Ͳ鿴 鿴ǰ״ ͨ show(sh)Ϊʼ show version 鿴 IOS İ汾show flash 鿴 flash ڴʹ״show mac-address-table MAC ַб

ͼ1

ͼ2

30

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ 3 Show ? ʾǰеIJ鿴 3. switch(config)#enable password ýȨģʽ switch(config-line) ͨ console ˿豸 telnet Զ̵¼ʱ Ҫ

ͼ 4 ýĸ 4. IP ַĬ

ͼ 5 IP 5. MAC ַ
31

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

switch#show mac-address-table ʾ MAC ַб switch#clear mac-address-table dynamic ̬ MAC ַб

ͼ 6 þ̬ MAC ַ 6.ö˿ڰȫ switch(config-if)switchport port-security switch(config-if)switchport port-security maximum 4

ͼ7

ͼ8 7.ʵǰͼʾʵ黷ã

ͼ9

32

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ 10

ͼ 11

ͼ 12 Խ ˣʵɡ

33

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ʵ 6·Ļ
ʵĿģ 1˽˼豸ûص 2 IOS ʵ豸: N ̨ ʵ

Packet Tracer

windows

professonal ϵ

ͳ
ʵ鲽裺 һʵ黷 һģ黯· Packet Tracer 5.0 Ĺиӵ ·ڵôһЩģ飺

ͼ1 Ĭ£·ĵԴǴ򿪵ģģʱҪر·ĵ Դͼ 1 ͷָĵԴأرգ·ĵԴرպɫĵ ԴָʾҲ䰵ڡMODULESѰҪģ飬ѡijģʱ ·ʾģϢȻϵ·Ŀղϼɡ

34

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ2

ģɣ·ĵԴ

ͼ 3 һ RS-232 · Console ˿

35

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ 4 üն·

36

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ 5 ʵ黷 · ·ļģʽ User mode(ûģʽ) Privileged mode Ȩģʽ Global configuration mode(ȫģʽ)Interface mode(ӿģ ʽ) Subinterface mode(ӽӿģʽ) Line mode Router configuration mode·ģʽÿģʽӦͬʾ  enable(дen): û EXEC ģʽȨ EXEC ģʽ config terminal(дconfig t): Ȩ EXEC ģʽȫģʽ hostname: ·· interface(дint): ӿģʽӽӿڱʶ ip address: ַ ip ַ no shutdown: ȷýӿûйر copy running-config startup-config(д copy run start): Ҫ ļ
37

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ 6 ʾ

ͼ 7 ·

ͼ 8 enable

ͼ 9 Console ¼ʱ
38

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ 10 ͨ Console ˿ڵ¼·Ҫ

ͼ 11 ն˵¼ʽ Ĭ·еĸʽ档 ȫģʽʹ service password-encryption ܿ

39

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ 12 鿴·ӿڵ IP Ϣ Ҫ׽ӿƱʾʽӿ ӿֱʶ/ֱʶ Serial 4/0 ʾýӿΪڣһ۵ĵ 4 ӿڡ۵ֱ ʶǴ㿪ʼġ

ͼ 13 ʾнӿڵϸϢ

40

ϷѧԺʵָ顷

ͼ 14 ʾijָ˿ڵϸϢ

ͼ 15 õ¼ʱĻӭϢ

ͼ 16 Ϣ ˼Ƶ IOS dzӴ󣬲ͬӲͬİ汾ǵDzͬ ġֻжϰա

41


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