吉大附中高中部 2015-2016 学年上学期
试卷满分：150 分 考试时间：120 分钟 命题人：石瑛 潘多 审题人：尹明昊 注意事项： 1．请考生将姓名、班级、考号与座位号填写在答题纸指定的位置上； 2．客观题的作答：将正确答案填涂在答题纸指定的位置上； 3．主观题的作答：必须在答题纸上对应题目的答题区域内作
第Ⅰ卷（客观题 100 分）
第一部分 听力 （共两节，共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 第一节 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项， 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。 例：How much is the shirt? A. ￡19.15. B. ￡9.15. C. ￡9.18. 答案是：B. 1. What is the man’s secret for learning Chinese? A. Listening to Chinese songs. B. Practicing speaking Chinese alone. C. Talking to Chinese people. 2. What’s the weather like right now? A. Sunny. B. Stormy. C. Cloudy. 3. How will the man get to Tianjin? A. By plane. B. By coach. C. By car. 4. What does the woman advise the man to do? A. Stop walking for a while. B. Take some medicine. C. See a doctor. 5. Why does the man come to the woman’s house? A. To have a chat online. B. To solve the problem. C. To borrow her computer. 第二节 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选 出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题 , 每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. How long has the man been an engineer at MBA Company? A. 3 years. B. 5 years. 7. What does the man ask about?
C. 8 years.
A. Working hours. B. The basic salary. C. Chances of further education. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 9 题。 8. What is the man going to do? A. Turn on the heater. B. Pay the electricity bill. C. Check the windows. 9. What does the man think of their life? A. Hard. B. Convenient. C. Troublesome. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. What is the man most probably? A. A farmer. B. An engineer. C. A football player. 11. What do we know about the product the man bought? A. It is the latest product. B. It costs $1,500. C. It is smaller than the others. 12. How will the man pay for it? A. Pay all at once in cash. B. Pay every month for one year. C. Pay every month for two years. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Where are the speakers now? A. In China. B. In Britain. C. In France. 14. How is the man’s project going? A. Just so-so. B. Very well. C. Bad. 15. What might the temperature be on average in Cambridge in August? A. 25℃. B. 34℃. C. 39℃. 16. Where will the woman stay probably? A. In a college-owned flat. B. In a rented house. C. In a host family. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What was the woman like as a child? A. Clumsy. B. Curious. C. Careless. 18. Why does the woman talk about this topic? A. She has to prepare a report about it. B. She has the same problems as her parents. C. She wants to know the truth after visiting the zoo. 19. Why does the lion ignore the zebra? A. It can’t catch up with the zebra. B. It looks down upon the zebra. C. It can’t recognize the differences of colors. 20. How does the zebra confuse the lion? A. By sticking together in a group. B. By making a friend with it. C. By giving signals to other animals. 第二部分 阅读理解 （共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。 A Cleverness is a gift while kindness is a choice. Gifts are easy—they’re given after all. Choices can be hard. I got the idea to start Amazon 16 years ago. I came across the fact that the Internet usage was growing at 2,300 percent per year. I’d never seen or heard of anything that grew that fast, and the idea of building an online bookstore with millions of titles was very exciting to me. I had just turned 30 years old, and I’d been married for a year. I told my wife Mac kenzie that I wanted to quit my job and go to do this crazy thing that probably wouldn’t work since most start-ups don’t and I wasn’t sure what to expect. Mac kenzie told me I
should go for it. As a young boy, I’d been a garage inventor. I’d always wanted to be an inventor, and she wanted me to follow my passion. I was working at a financial firm in New York City with a bunch of very smart people and I had a brilliant boss that I much admired. I went to my boss and told him I wanted to start a company selling books on the Internet. He took me on a long walk in Central Park, listened carefully to me, and finally said, “That sounds like a really good idea, but it would be an even better idea for someone who didn’t already have a good job.” That logic made some sense to me, and he convinced me to think about it for 48 hours before making a final decision. Seen in that light, it was really a difficult choice, but finally, I decided I had to give it a shot. I didn’t think I’d regret trying and failing. And I suspected I would always be haunted (萦 绕) by a decision to not try at all. After much consideration, I took the less safe path to follow my passion, and I’m proud of that choice. For all of us, in the end, we are our choice. 21. What inspired the author with the idea of building an online bookstore? A. His dream of being an inventor. B. The support of his wife. C. The greatly increasing usage of the Internet. D. The successful boss that he admired. 22. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined sentence? A. The idea of not trying would keep coming to his mind and disturb him. B. He would be very excited if he tried it out. C. He would be always having a doubt if he didn’t try. D. The decision to not try the online bookstore would terrify him. 23. We can know from the passage that ________. A. the boss thought the idea was suitable for the author B. the author might not regret if he failed the attempt C. the author wanted someone else to try the idea D. the author might go back to his boss if he failed 24. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? A. Cleverness and Kindness B. The Starting of Amazon C. Following My Passion D. We Are What We Choose B The Hunan Satellite TV (HNTV) show “Where are we going, Dad?” is a big hit. Many famous stars brought their children to a strange village alone, and they had to spend 72 hours with their children there. The program fully showed us a modern version of the “how to be a good father”. As the young parents today are too busy to take care of their children, this new form of “Lost on the way” played by nanny (保姆 式的) daddy and cute kids triggered （触发） a lot of people’s emotional resonance （共鸣） . Both the kids and their parents will find that their hearts are being drawn closer. But this kind of feeling has just proved that there is a big spiritual barrier between the modern parents and children. The TV shows like “Children are hard to support!”, “Where are we going, Dad?”, “hot mom” and “cute kids” are becoming more and more popular. All of these show the new parents’ confusion in children’s education and the appeal for the balance between career and family. In real life, on the one hand, the young parents feel helpless because they are too busy to accompany their children under the pressures of work and life; on the other hand, they continue to do so. The data collected by HNTV show that nearly two-thirds of their audience are female, among whom 36% are aged from 25 to 34. We can imagine such a scene that one evening a young mother is watching the show with her young children, while her husband is still at work or trapped in socializing, or maybe is just playing computer games in the bedroom. The story of a child without the company of father is still going on. In fact,
it is sometimes the same to mothers. In a modern family, it is often the old who take the responsibility for raising a child. The participation of mother in the children’s education is also very low. It is just this kind of confusion where the parents have gone in the modern family education, and where the parents will guide their children to go that “Where are we going, Dad?” shows us. If a child wants to grow up healthily and safely into a modern citizen with independent personality and free spirit, it is very important for him or her to follow the parents who serve as their first teacher. Maybe this is the real reason why such kind of TV programs could get hot. The truth is that children will go where their parents go, and society will go where the children go. 25. Which of the following can be inferred in the passage? A. Parents shouldn’t entirely leave the education of children to the old. B. 36% of the audience of the program are female aged from 25-34. C. The program shows us the confusion where the parents and children will go to play. D. In a modern family it is often mothers who are responsible for raising a child. 26. In raising a child in modern society, parents should ________. A. play computer games with their children B. break down the barrier between children and teachers C. balance well between family and career D. keep their children at home to avoid socializing 27. What attitude towards modern family education does the author express in the passage? A. Optimistic. B. Proud. C. Negative. D. Worried
28. Which one is the best title of the passage? A. Confusion behind “Where are we going, dad?” C. Nanny Daddy and Cute Kids
B. Modern Education is Important D. New Problems in Modern Children’s Education C More than 2.25 billion cups of coffee are consumed across the globe each day, and it’s likely that many taste bitter. Now, a new study suggests that coffee fans can make their drink taste sweeter by simply changing the color of their cups. Scientists claim that blue and glass mugs, which are popular in some coffee shops, can reduce coffee’s bitterness, without any need for sugar, and that coffee drunk from white cups tastes the bitterest. To prove their claims, the researchers invited 36 volunteers and used three different colored cups— blue, white and transparent glass—to do an experiment. In the experiment, coffee consumed from the white cup was found to taste less sweet when compared to the other two colored cups, while the blue cup made the coffee taste the sweetest. The scientists believe that the color brown may be associated with coffee’s bitterness because coffee in a white cup appears the brownest and tastes the bitterest. “Our study clearly shows that the color of a coffee cup does influence the perceived (感受到的) taste and flavor of coffee,” said Dr George Doorn of Federation University Australia, “but the potential effects may be different between a one-time purchase and a return customer.” “Anyhow, the effect of the color of the cup on the flavor of the coffee suggests that café owners, baristas (服务员), as well as coffee cup manufacturers should carefully consider the color of their cups, ” he added. However, the idea that color can alter the taste of food and drink is not new.
A study published last year revealed that red, strawberry-flavored mousse (慕斯蛋糕) served on a white plate was rated as 10 percent sweeter and 15 percent more flavorous than the same food presented on a black plate. 29. What color of the cup can best reduce coffee’s bitterness without adding sugar? A. Blue. B. Brown. C. White. D. Transparent. 30. The scientists used ________ to do the experiment to prove their claims. ① different brands of coffee ② different colored coffee cups ③ several volunteers ④ several manufactures A. ① ② B. ② ③ C. ② ④ D. ③ ④ 31. Why does coffee in white cups taste the least sweet? A. Because white cups are not as beautiful as other cups. B. Because white cups make coffee appear the brownest. C. Because white cups reduce the sugar in them. D. Because white cups are better used to serve cakes.
32. According to the article, which of the following statements is TRUE? A. Black plates increase the sweetness of food and drink. B. Strawberry-flavored mousse is 10 percent sweeter than coffee. C. People consume more than 2.5 billion cups of coffee across the globe every year. D. People can make coffee taste sweeter by changing the color of their coffee cups. D Living with other students can be a wonderful experience. Here are a few tips for student accommodations that can help ensure a great experience and build lifelong friendships: Screen your roommates carefully if you are given a choice. Combining the living spaces of several students into one location can be exciting and rewarding experience for the outgoing students. If you are on the shy side, or prefer a quiet group to study with, pick quieter roommates. Divide the bills evenly. Some students are far less responsible than their roommates and tend to let their part of the finance slide. Dissatisfaction is quick to build when everyone has to pay the bill for a fellow student who can’t seem to pay his/her share of the money. Carry your part of the load. Everyone has to clean the bathroom and the kitchen sometime. Don’t avoid your part of responsibility. Student accommodations can get messy and it involves everyone to keep them tidy and healthy. Think about someone else before you think about yourself. Put your roommates interests above your own. Life will be far enjoyable when everyone is concerned about the feelings property and studies of each other. Be open and honest. Hostilities (敌意) and frustrations may cause problems that can’t be fixed. Everyone brings different standards and expectations to group living and it’s in everyone’s best interest to put them into the open. Disagreements can be managed more warmly when your are willing to be both open and listen to others. 33. When it comes to the bills, every member is advised to________ . A. foot the bill for a fellow student B. let his/her part of the finances slide C. pay his/her own share of money D. take more responsibility than others 34. The role “carry your part of the load” means every room member should ________.
A. avoid making too much noise B. take turns to keep the room tidy C. take care of others when they are ill D. avoid staying up and oversleeping 35. To be a good member, one should learn to ________ according to the passage. A. choose his/her roommates at random B. balance his/her interests with others C. express his/her disagreement openly and honestly D. tolerate different standards and expectations
第二节 （共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 How to Survive Exam Stress Exam time is one of the most stressful in school, whether it is high school, college or graduate school. Even the best students feel the pressure. The first sign of a problem while preparing for an exam is worry. 36 result. 37 What causes you anxiety when you are studying? Too much noise? Then move to a quieter place. Delayed work? Catch up with your studies a couple nights before. That way you can save the final night before the exam to review and get a good night of sleep. The second way to deal with worry is to replace thoughts. Suppose you wake up at three in the morning and you’re worried about an exam. What do you do? allow you to sleep better when you finally do go back to bed. Another way to replace negative thoughts is to do something physically active. Work out. Take a quick walk or a nice run. 39 For example, I might worry about the exam having surprise questions that I’m not prepared to answer. But I can put those thoughts aside by reminding myself that I’ve taken many exams and I’ve handled surprise questions before. The third option is to treat the symptoms. Keep things in perspective. Think of one final exam that causes you the most anxiety. Now think of the worst thing that could happen. If you’ve prepared, then likely the worst grade you could get is a C. And, if you’ve been applying what we’ve been talking about, then you’ll likely do no worse than a B. A. How bad is that really? B. The first is to delete the causes. C. Another idea is to think positive thoughts. D. Worry robs us of energy, focus and motivation. E. How about getting up and studying for an hour? F. What we should do is to think positively and get rid of it. G. So we are supposed to make our effort to improve our surroundings. 40 38 Doing something productive might If we can get rid of worries, or at least control them, then we’re in a much better position to do well on our tests. Take the following steps to survive exam stress and increase your overall performance as a
第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最 佳选项。 An old man was dying. One by one his relatives visited him. Even relatives and friends he hadn’t seen for years 41 him to say farewell. They all 42 their deep love for him. 43 each came to him, the old man held each person by their 44 and spoke to each. To one he said, “Yes, I love you.” To 45 he said, “I go without any ill will.” To a third one he said, “Peace be with you.” And so to each person he said such 46 words. Then the old man 47 Nasrudin (a wise man in the Middle East). When Nasrudin came in, he stood on one side, 48 everyone and listened to what they said and what the dying man said to them. After a while, Nasrudin 49 his hands in the air, and when everyone 50 to hear him, Nasrudin said , “Fools! Why didn’t you visit him in his good 51 ? You didn’t love him when he was healthy, but you love him when he is dying!” After that, Nasrudin turned to the 52 man and shouted, “Fool! Why didn’t you live with such nice feelings all the days when you were 53 and fully alive?” With that, Nasrudin left the 54 . The old man 55 and said, “At last I’ve heard the 56 . It is a blessing to 57 having heard the truth.” The old man died 58 . What about the others? They returned to their 59 business of life and continued as they always had been. And Nasrudin? When he returned to his 60 just outside the old man’s house, the donkey made a long high sound, “Hee-haw! Hee-haw!” Nasrudin said, “Yes, I know... You’re right... Live well; die well...” 41. A. called on B. looked after C. cared about D. depended on 42. A. offered B. bought C. kept D. expressed 43. A. Before B. As C. Because D. Although 44. A. face B. leg C. hand D. head 45. A. another B. other C. all D. some 46. A. possible B. necessary C. polite D. kind 47. A. visited B. invited C. bothered D. employed 48. A. comforted B. helped C. observed D. blamed 49. A. raised B. lent C. washed D. hid 50. A. forced B. turned C. ordered D. changed 51. A. need B. mood C. health D. position 52. A. living B. visiting C. coming D. dying 53. A. safe B. important C. weak D. energetic 54. A. party B. scene C. meeting D. conference 55. A. smiled B. appeared C. screamed D. jumped 56. A. message B. news C. truth D. fact 57. A. stay B. work C. sleep D. die 58. A. secretly B. proudly C. sadly D. peacefully 59. A. strange B. normal C. important D. perfect 60. A. donkey B. car C. assistant D. wife
第 II 卷 （主观题 50 分）
第二节 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料， 在空白处填入适当的内容 (1 个单词) 或括号内单词的正确形式。 It is really sad news for Guinness World Records. Tiffany Two, the holder of the 61 (old) cat record, has passed away in her sleep at 62 age of 27 years, 2months and 20 days. Born on March 13, 1988 in San Diego, California, Tiffany Two 63 (buy) by her owner, Sharon Voorhees, from a local pet shop. At that time, the cat was only six 64 (week) old. Sharon named her Tiffany Two in memory of the cat she once 65 (own) In the 1970s. In fact, 66 Tiffany Two celebrated her 27th birthday back in March, she had lived the equivalent (等量) of 125 human years. Despite 67 unbelievable age, Tiffany Two was reported to have good sight and hearing 68 (recent). Tiffany Two only had minor 69 (ill) such as high blood pressure, and Sharon described her as “strong and still able to go up and down stairs”. “She’s not afraid 70 (play) with anyone or any animal. She walks right past the dogs. She’s very active!” Sharon explained. 第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处 语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在其下面出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 The water we drink and use was running short. We all have to learn how to stop wasted water. One
of the step that we should take is to find ways of reusing them. Today in the most large cities, fresh water
is used only once and then it runs in a waste system. But it is possibly to pipe the used water to a
purifying factory, when the used water can be treated with chemical materials by the workers so that it can
be reused. But even if every large city purified and reused it’s water, we still would have enough water.
第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假如你是李华。针对我国假期选择出国旅游的人越来越多，但有的游客有不文明行为的现象， 请给 21st Century Teens 编辑部写一封信。内容需要包括以下要点: 1.出境游热的原因，如经济发展的原因、人们对外国文化感兴趣的原因等； 2.旅游中出现了一些不文明现象，如随地吐痰、乱扔垃圾等；
3.你的态度和看法。 注意：1.词数 100 左右 2.短文开头结尾已给出，不计入总词数； 3.可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 参考词汇：不文明行为：immoral behaviors 树立形象：uphold an image Dear editor, At present, more and more people choose to travel abroad when they have holidays. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ Thank you for your attention. Yours, Li Hua
吉大附中高中部 2015-2016 学年上学期
高三年级第四次摸底考试 英语试卷 答案 第一部分 听力 1-5 ACBAB 6-10 ACABA 11-15 BCABA 16-20 CBBCA 第二部分 阅读理解 21-24 CABD 25-28 ACDA 29-32 ABBD 33-35 CBC 36-40 DBECA 第三部分 第一节 完形填空 41--45 ADBCA 46--50 DBCAB 51--55 CDDBA 56--60 CDDBA 第二节 语法填空 61. oldest 62. the 63. was bought 64. weeks 65. owned 66. when 67. her/the 68. recently 69. illnesses 70. to play 第四部分 第一节 短文改错
The water we drink and use was running short. We all have to learn how to stop wasted water. One is wasting of the step that we should take is to find ways of reusing them. Today in the most large cities, fresh water steps it is used only once and then it runs in a waste system. But it is possibly to pipe the used water to a into possible purifying factory, when the used water can be treated with chemical materials by the workers so that it can where be reused. But even if every large city purified and reused it’s water, we still would ^have enough water. its not
One possible version: At present, more and more people choose to travel abroad when they have holidays. There are some vital reasons. With the development of people’s living standard and economy, they can afford to go abroad . Besides, more people are becoming interested in foreign cultures, therefore, they are eager to visit them with their own eyes. However, some people behave very badly in foreign countries. For example, they drop litter everywhere , as well as spit freely in public, which not only shows bad personal qualities , but also does great harm to the image of the country. Personally, since it’s well known that China is an ancient civilized country with a long history , we should always bear / keep it in mind that it is everyone’s responsibility to uphold image of our motherland. Thank you for your attention. Yours, LiHua (有具体措施也可，只要词数不超限)