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北京市海淀区普通中学2015-2016学年度第一学期高三期中英语试题


北京市海淀区普通中学 2015-2016 学年度第一学期高三期中英语试题

____班

姓名_________ 学号_____ 得分______ 第一卷(选择题,共 115 分)

本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题)两部分。共 150 分。考试时间 120 分钟。 第一部分:听力理解(共两节,30 分) 第一

节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一道小题,从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出 最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你将有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每 段对话你将听一遍。 1. Which day does the woman like best? A. Wednesday. B. Friday. C. Saturday. 2. What can we learn from the conversation? A. They have met before. B. The woman doesn’t want to meet the man. C. They are strangers. 3. What can be drawn from the conversation? A. The teacher will give his students a test. B. Jack had a test yesterday. C. Jack didn’t take part in the test. 4. What is the man’s situation at present? A. He lost everything because of handbookinger (赌马), including his wife. B. His money was stolen by somebody unknown. C. His wife left him because he was poor. 5. Why didn’t the man go to the woman’s party? A. Because he had to send his brother to hospital. B. Because he went to see his brother in hospital. C. Because his brother didn’t want him to go. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 22.5 分) 听下面 6 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几道小题,从每题所给的 A、B、C 三 个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前。你将有 5 秒钟时间阅读每小题。听完后, 每小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白你将听两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. When did the man get to the hotel? A. Yesterday. B. Four days ago. C. The day before yesterday. 7. How many items have been mentioned in the bill? A. 4. B. 6. C. 5. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 9 题。

8. Where are probably the two speakers? A. At a bus station. B. On a train. 9. When is the proper time for the woman to get out? A. At 10:10. B. At 9:50. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 11 题。 10. What can we learn from the conversation? A. The man becomes a millionaire. B. The man gets a good job. C. The man has been accepted by Beijing University. 11. What do we know about the woman? A. She is a millionaire. B. She has a good sense of humor. C. She is great to pass the entrance exam.

C. In a library. C. At 10:00.

听第 9 段材料,回答第 12 至 14 题。 12. What is the probable relationship between the two speakers? A. School friends. B. Fellow workers. C. Repair worker and customer. 13. What does the man say about the computer? A. He asks the woman not to tell the truth. B. He will fix it for her. C. He sends it to a repair shop. 14. How do we know about the woman? A. She is proud of her honesty. B. She is upset about her lying. C. She is honest to her friend. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 15 至 17 题。 15. Why are many roads closed in the north? A. Because of heavy rain. B. Because of strong winds. C. Because of fallen stones from mountains. 16. In which part of the country have fifty houses been flooded? A. In the south. B. In the north. C. In the east. 17. What happened in the west? A. Many boats were missing. B. Four people died in river. C. Two villages were under water.

听第 11 段材料,回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. What must the woman have in order to become a bus driver? A. A driving license without a bad record. B. An experience as a conductor. C. Five weeks’ driving at a training school. 19. Why did the woman think she was lucky? A. She was strong enough to become a bus driver. B. She was able to see more clearly on a bus. C. She passed the test the first time she took it. 20. What did the woman think of her job as a bus driver? A. Worthwhile. B. Boring. C. Poorly paid. 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,共 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 例:It’s so nice to hear from her again. __________, we last met more than thirty years ago A. What’s more B. That’s to say. C. In other words. D. Believe it or not. 答案是 D 21. -- What would you do if it ____ tomorrow? --- We have to carry it on, since we’ve got everything ready. A. rain B. rains C. will rain D. is raining 22. The hero’s story ____ differently in the newspapers. A. was reported B. was reporting C. reports D. reported 23. He _____ more than 5,000 English words when he entered the university at the age of 15. A. has learned B. would have learned C. learned D. had learned 24. --- Why does she always ask you for help? --- There is no one else _____, is there? A. who to turn to B. she can turn to C. for whom to turn D. for her to turn 25. He spent seven days in the wind and snow, _____. A. coldly and hungrily B. cold and hungry C. being cold and hungry D. in cold and hunger 26. We agreed to accept _____ they thought was the best professor in the college. A. whatever B. whomever C. whichever D. whoever 27. --- Each of the students, working hard at his or her lessons, _____ to go to college. --- So do I. A. hope B. hopes C. is hoping D. are hoping 28. _____ students with difficulties in their studies want most of all is more love and concern. A. That B. When C. What D. Those

29. The firemen told us the great difficulty they had had _____ the fire _____. A. to get; under control B. getting; controlled C. got; controlled D. getting; to control 30. Shops are being forced to put their prices down in order to ____ customers. A. serve B. meet C. attract D. treat 31. --- You’re late again. --- Yes. I couldn’t find my key to the car when _____ home. A. leaving B. to leave C. left D. having left 32. --- I wonder____ Bob is so dressed up today. --- He must be going to a job interview. A. whether B. why C. what D. how 33. --- We’re late. The play has started. --- I wonder how long ago ______. A. it began B. did it begin C. was it beginning D. it has begun 34. --- I’m very ____ with my own cooking. It looks nice and smells delicious. --- Mm, it does have a _____ smell. A. pleasant; pleased B. pleased; pleased C. pleasant; pleasant D. pleased; pleasant 35. --- _____ makes her different from the other students? --- Honesty. I think. A. What is that B. What is it that C. How is it that D. How is that 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 36—55 各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项。 In 1985 a France television company sent its reporters to the Paris Metro (地铁). They took cameras to see what 36 would do if they saw someone 37 on the platform or trains. The incidents looked 38 but they were all done with the help of actors. However, 39 people tried to help, and most passengers 40 not to notice. In one of the incidents, a foreigner was attacked by three men. The attack was on a 41 which was quite full, and 42 the man tried to get the other passengers to help, they all 43 . This is not only a French problem. A British newspaper reported in 1991 that a(n) 44 of Social Psychology in New York had sent his students out to 45 their own cars. The students didn’t try to 46 what they were doing. About 80 people 47 250 car thefts, and only twelve of them tried to 48 the student robbers. In a typical(典型的) 49 , one man stopped, looked, and then put his hands over his 50 and shouted “I didn’t see that!” About forty people 51 to help the thieves, and two people 52 sat down next to the car and waited to buy a camera and television set a 53 was taking from the back seat of his won car. The professor wonders whether it’s a problem of 54 cities or would be the same thing as happens 55 .

36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55.

A. travelers A. stolen A. real A. quite a few A. happened A. bus A. even if A. ran A. official A. rob A. tell A. protected A. help A. accident A. head A. offered A. really A. thief A. big A. anywhere

B. tourists B. beaten B. false B. quite a lot of B. seemed B. plane B. although B. refused B. reporter B. hit B. show B. watched B. punish B. experience B. eyes B. regretted B. luckily B. student B. small B. somewhere

C. citizens C. attacked C. perfect C. very few C. managed C. ship C. yet C. stared C. journalist C. strike C. hide C. warned C. arrest C. incident C. mouth C. hated C. actually C. person C. faraway C. anytime

D. passengers D. lost D. successful D. nearly no D. pretended D. train D. however D. puzzled D. professor D. destroy D. explain D. reported D. stop D. place D. ears D. expected D. especially D. helper D. nearby D. sometime

第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,共 40 分) 阅读下列短文,然后从各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 (A)

When I was small and my grandmother died, I couldn’t understand why I had no tears. But that night when my dad tried to cheer me up, my laugh turned into crying. . So it came as no surprise to learn that researchers believe crying and laughing come from the same part of the brain. Just as laughing has many health advantages, scientists are discovering that so, too, does crying. Whatever it takes for us to reduce pressure is important to our emotional (情感 的) health, and crying seems to show that 85 percent of women and 73 percent of men report feeling better after crying. Besides, tears attract help from other people. Researchers agree that when we cry, people around us become kinder and friendly and they are more ready to provide support and comfort. Tears also enable us to understand our emotions better; sometimes we don't even know we' re very sad until we cry. We learn about our emotions through crying, and then we can deal with them. Just as crying can be healthy, not crying — holding back tears of anger, pain or suffering — can be bad for physical (身体的) health. Studies have shown that too much control of emotions can lead to high blood pressure, heart problems and

some other illnesses. If you have a health problem, doctors will certainly not ask you to cry. But when you feel like crying, don't fight it. It's a natural and healthy emotional response (反应). 56. Why didn't the author cry when her grandmother died? A. Because her father did not ask her to feel too sad. B. Because she did not love her grandmother. C. Because she was too shy to cry at that time. D. Tie author doesn’t give the explanation. 57. It can be inferred from the text that ______. A. there are two ways to keep healthy B. crying does more good to health than laughing C. crying and laughing play the same roles D. emotional health has a close relationship to physical health 58. According to the author, which of the following statements is true? A. Crying is the best way to get help from others. B. Fighting back tears may cause some health problems. C. We will never know our deep feelings unless we cry. D. We must cry if we want to reduce pressure. (B) It is only during the last few years that man has generally realized that in the world of nature a balance exists between all forms of life. No living thing can exist by itself. It is part of a system in which all forms of life are joined together. If we change one part of the nature order, this will almost certainly bring about changes in some other part. The cutting of forests reduced the supply of oxygen. The killing of weeds and insects by chemicals led to the wide-spread poisoning of animals and birds. The throwing of waste products into the ocean hurt life in the sea, while waste gases changed the chemical balance of the atmosphere and shut out some of the sun’s necessary life-giving rays. And so we could go on adding more examples until in despair(绝望) we might feel like giving up the struggle to control these harmful human activities. Man is very clever at changing the world around him to satisfy his immediate needs, but he is not so clever at looking far ahead, or at thinking about what the future results of his action might be. Man may well destroy himself because of his silly action. 59. The first paragraph tells us that _____. A. all living things in nature depend on each other B. everything in nature can’t exist without the help of man C. man has known the importance of the balance of nature for a long time D. no living thing can live naturally 60. In the second paragraph the examples given are used to prove that _____. A. all forms of life belong to a system in which all the parts can be changed for

one another B. it is only during the last few years that man has generally known the balance of nature C. there are some living things which can exist by themselves without change D. we can’t change one form of life without destroying the balance of nature 61. The last paragraph suggests that in order to get his immediate benefits(利益) _____. A. man is always anxious to control his activities within limits B. man is always too eager in planning for distant future C. man often fails to think about their future results of his action D. man often feels that he will have to give up in despair 62 Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. Cutting down woods does little harm to human beings. B. Man has to pay much more attention to the future results of his present action. C. Oxygen comes from forests. D. The passage tells us to try our best to get as much as possible immediately. (C) If Europeans thought a drought(干旱)was something that happened only in Africa, they know better now. After four years of below-normal rainfall (in some cases only 10 percent of the average), large areas of France, Spain, Portugal, Belgium, Britain and Ireland are dry and barren. Water is so low in the canals of northern France that waterway traffic is forbidden except on weekends. Oyster(牡 蛎)growers in Brittany report a 30 percent drop in production because of the loss of fresh water in local rivers necessary for oyster breeding. In southeastern England, the rolling green hills of Kent have turned so brown that officials have been weighing plans to pipe in water from Wales. In Portugal, farmers in the southern Alentejo region have held prayer meetings for rain—so far, fruitless. Governments in drought-hit countries are taking several measures. Authorities in hard-hit areas of France have banned washing cars and watering lawns. In Britain, water will soon be metered, like gas and electricity. “The English have always taken water for granted,” says Graham Warren, a spokesman of Britain’s National Rivers Authority. “Now they’re putting a price on it.” Even a sudden end to the drought would not end the misery in some areas. It will take several years of unusually heavy winter rain, the experts say, just to bring existing water reserves up to their normal levels. 63. What does the author mean by saying “they know better now?” A. They know more about the causes of the drought. B. They have a better understanding of the drought in Africa.

C. They have realized that only the drought in Europe is the most serious one. D. They have realized that droughts hit only Europe. 64. The drought in Europe has brought about all the following problems EXCEPT ________. A. below-normal rainfall B. difficult navigation C. a sharp drop in oyster harvest D. more death of people 65. The British government intends to ________. A. forbid the car-washing service B. increase the price of the water used C. end the misery caused by the drought D. charge fees for the use of water 66. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? A. Germany is the only country free from the drought. B. Water reserves are at their lower level in years due to the drought. C. The drought is more serious in Britain than in France. D. Europe will not have heavy rain until several years later. 67. Which of the following is the most appropriate title for the passage? A. Europe in Misery B. Drought Attacks Europe C. Use less E. Europe, a Would-be Africa (D) At one time no one could travel on an English road faster than four miles an hour. That was the law until 1896. A man had to walk in front of a car which could not go faster than the man. At night the man had to carry a red lamp. Once Charles Rolls brought a car from France to England ,but he wanted to drive faster than four miles an hour .In order to have no trouble with the police ,he had a talk with some of the police officers ,who ordered their policemen to look the other way when the car came along the road. This was a good plan in the country ,but not so easy to follow in the busy streets of London. One night Rolls and some friends started from London on their journey to Cambridge. One of the men walked in front with the red lamp , but he walked as fast as he could .The police became very interested in walls and shop-fronts when they heard the car ,and not one of them saw it . They reached a hill ;but what a waste of time it was to drive down the hill at four miles an hour! Rolls was getting ready to jump into the car; but then he noticed

a policeman who was not looking the other way. The slow car reached him. “Good evening,” said the policeman ,looking at the car. “Good evening,” said Rolls ,holding the lamp. “One of these horseless things,” said the policeman ,looking at it with interest. “Yes,” said Rolls, and waited. “I’ve often wanted a ride in one ; but of course policemen can’t buy things like that.” He turned and looked hopefully in Rolls’s face. “Jump in ,” said Rolls. “Thanks ,” said the policeman ,and did so . “Now ,”he said ,sitting down, “you can let it go just as you like down this hill. There isn’t another policeman on this road for a mile and a half.” 68. The policemen were told “to look the other way” (the underlined part in Paragraph 2) so that . A.they could watch the car coming from the other direction B.the car could go faster than four miles an hour C.they could make sure no one was in the way D.the car would not hit them on the road 69. In what way did the policemen carry out the order from their officers? A.They greeted Rolls when the car came along. B.They walked in front of the car with a red lamp. C.They pretended to be attracted by something else. D.They stood on duty every 1.5 miles along the road. 70. The policeman who said “Good evening” to Rolls wanted to . A.teach Rolls a lesson B.take a free ride home C.have a talk with Rolls D.have a car ride experience 71. After the policeman jumped into the car ,Rolls . A.dared not drive the car faster than he was allowed to B.could drive as fast as he wished within a certain distance C.could drive on any road he liked for the rest of the journey D.drove his car as fast as he could down the hill to Cambridge (E) With a good shopping position and the right amount (数量) of money, any educated person ought to be able to make a living out of a bookshop. It is not a difficult trade to learn and the large chain-stores can never force the small bookseller out of existence as they have done to the corner shop. But the hours of work are very long----I was only doing a part-time job, but my boss put in a seventy-hour

week ,besides regular journeys out of shopping hours to buy books. The real reason why I should not like to lie back in the book trade for life, however, is that while I was in it I lost my love of books. A bookseller cannot always tell the truth about his books, and that gives him a dislike for them. There was a time when I really did love books—loved the sight and smell and feel of them ----- if they were fifty or more years old, that is. Nothing pleased me quite so much as to buy a bargain lot of them on sale for several pounds .There is a peculiar flavour (独特的味 道) about the unexpected books you pick up in that kind of collection:little-known eighteenth-century poets, or out-of-date geography books. For occasional (偶尔 的)reading in your bath, for example, or late at night when you are too tired to go to bed there is nothing as good as a very old picture story-book.. But as soon as I went to work in the bookshop I stopped buying books. Seen in a mass, five or ten thousand at a time, books were dull and even a little tiresome. Nowadays I do buy one occasionally, but only if it is a book that I want to read and can't borrow, and I never buy rubbish. 72. According to the passage,______ is one of the necessary conditions to run a bookshop. A. an educated shop-owner B. a good position at a street corner C. a regular journey out of the shop D. the force of large chain-stores 73. The author should not like to lie back as a bookseller for life because _______. A. he hated his job of selling books B. selling books was only a part-time job C. the books in the shop gave him a dislike D. he was unable to be honest about the books he sold 74. The books preferred by the author should be those ____ A. stories making readers sleepless B. valuable ones bought on sale C. peculiar ones with great expectation D. geography ones from the eighteenth century 75. The author will only buy new books ______. A. if he feels dull and tired B. after he gives up his job as a bookseller C. which are interesting but hard to borrow D. when he throws away old ones

第二卷(共两节;满分 35 分)
班级________ 姓名______________ 学号______ 第四部分:书面表达(共两节,共 35 分) 第一节 情景作文(20 分) 假定你是刘芳。今年暑期加拿大的一所中学将组织该校的学生来你所就读的学校访问。其 间,Lucy 将借住在你家。请你给她写封信,代表全家欢迎她的到来并告之有关事宜,内 容要点如下: ? 上午: 参观学校各教学场所及设施; ? 下午: 游览繁华市区及周遍景点; ? 晚上: 看电视、玩游戏、聊天等。 注意: 1、 词数不少于 60; 2、 参考词汇: 安排 arrange Dear Lucy, _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Yours, Liu Fang

第二节 开放作文(15 分) 请根据下面提示,写一篇短文。词数不少于 50。 It was an early summer morning in the classroom on Monday. Amy found a Band-Aid (创 可贴) on Billy's ankle. She asked Billy what was wrong with his ankle. Supposing you are Billy, please tell Amy what happened to your ankle.

_____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________


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