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Unit 1 Vocabulary


Unit 1 Vocabulary Practice
I. Complete the table of antonyms.

II. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words.
III. Complete the sentences with appropriate words. IV. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words. V. Additional practice for vocabulary.

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I. Complete the following table of antonyms with words from the reading passages of the unit. active able cause excellent/rich common home relaxation improve

passive unable
effect poor special abroad

hard work make/become worse

II. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words, with at least one from the reading passages of the unit. 1. Things to read: books; newspapers; letters magazines __________; ______. bitter peppery 2. Tastes: sweet; sour; salty; _____; ________. 3. Industries or services: banking; publishing; communication transportation ______________; _____________. 4. Occupations: pianist; typist; artist _____. 5. To do something again: review; rebuild; reorganize ; retell __________ _____.

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III. Complete the sentences with appropriate words in their correct forms. 1. determine, determination, determined

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1) The ____________ of the meaning of a word is determination difficult without the context. determined 2) The sale of ice-cream is partly __________ by the weather. 3) With their determined efforts, they are sure to win __________ the final victory.
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BACK 2. effect, effective, ineffective 1) His order to arrest me was no longer_________. effective 2) The doctor’s treatment has proved to be ineffective/effective _________________. 3) The news has produced very little _____ on the mind effect of the public.

3. explain, explanation, explanatory 1) That text is difficult but it is followed by a lot of explanatory __________ notes. explanation 2) Do you have anything to say in ___________ of your conduct? 3) If he buys it, he would have no money to live on for the next two weeks. That explains his hesitation. _______
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4. happy, happiness, unhappy, happily happiness 1) Reading brings me the greatest __________. happily 2) The girl danced _______. happiest 3) That was the ________ day of her life. unhappy 4) The bad news made her quite ________. 5. mean, meaning, meaningful, meaningless

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meaningful 1) If you think that wave of her hand is __________, how do you interpret it? meaning 2) What is the ________ of having a lot of money? 3) If the purpose of everyone’s life was just to eat, life would be meaningless ___________. mean 4) What do you _____ by giving the title to her?
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IV. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words in

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their correct forms.
1. find (发现,找到; find out 发现一个抽象的东西), look (只有与for连用时表示有意识地寻找), search (搜寻某个地方) find 1) In him I ____ a true friend.

2) If you want to talk with your angry boss now, you are looking _______ for trouble.
find 3) Please ____ out when the ship sails for Shanghai. searching 4) They were _________ the area for the missing child.
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2. brain (脑); mind (思想,注意力); head (头)

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brain 1) The human _____ is the centre of higher nervous activity. 2) The rock fell and hit him on the _____. head mind 3) He has not yet made up his _____. mind 4) Keep your _____ on what you are doing. 3. study (学习,研究 ); learn (学会,学得 ) learned 1) Have you _______ how to ride a horse yet? studied/studies 2) He often ______________ late into the night.

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4. means(方式,方法,手段 ); method (具体的或明确的方法、技巧 ); way (一般意义上的方法 )

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1) Story writing as a ______ of living is no easy task. means
2) The group met to find some ways to raise money for _____ the purpose.

3) The new training _______ is not only effective but method
also enjoyable.

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5. consider (思考,表示“认为”时强调经仔细思考;常与as连 用); regard (认为,看待; 强调固定的方式或态度,常与as连用); treat (对待) consider 1) You should ________ all possibilities before making any decision. regarded/considered 2) He __________________ his wife as a beauty, though others found her plain. treated/treat 3) They ___________ her like one of the family.
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V. Additional Practice for Vocabulary
A. Translate the following sentences into English. B. Give noun forms of the following verbs or adjectives.
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A. Translate the following sentences into English.
BACK a. 我有充分的理由不去上学。 I have good reasons not to go to school. __________________________________________ b. 他们说服我接受其方案。 They reasoned me into accepting their plan. __________________________________________ c. 那位女演员只演过一次电视剧。 The actress has acted on TV only once. __________________________________________

d. 迎着开来的火车把那个男孩从火车道上拉开是一种勇 敢的行为。 Pulling the boy away from the railroad in front of __________________________________________ the coming train was a brave act. __________________________________________ e. 我们之间有很多共同之处。 NEXT ______________________________ We have a lot in common.

HOME f. 我们对绘画曾有着共同的强烈兴趣。 ___________________________________________ A great interest in painting was common to us.

g. 火车以时速120公里行驶。 ____________________________________ The train was running at a speed of 120 ____________________________________ kilometers an hour. h. 假期很快就过去了,不久又要回去上班了。 The holiday sped by and soon it was time ____________________________________ to go back to work. ____________________________________
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i. 教授希望加快试验速度。 ___________________________________________ The professor wanted to speed up the experiment.
j. 务必把他们找到。 Find them by all means. _____________________ k. 他决不是一个友好的家伙。 ___________________________________ He is by no means a friendly guy.
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B. Give noun forms of the following verbs or adjectives. determination; determiner a. determine ( _______________________ ) b. explain ( explanation ) __________ c. happy ( happiness ) _________ d. mean ( ________ ) meaning e. communicate ( communication ) ______________ understanding f. understand ( _____________ ) act; action; activeness; actor; actress g. active ( _________________________________ ) h. imitate ( ________ ) imitation relaxation i. relax ( _________ ) guide; guidance j. guide ( ______________ ) BACK joy/enjoyment k.enjoyable ( _____________ )


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