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全国 2005 年 10 月高等教育自学考试

外语教学法试题
课程代码:00833
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Ⅰ. Multiple Choice: (15%) Directions: In this section, you are given 15 questions beneath each of which are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You are to make the best choice either to complete the incomplete statement or to answer the question. One point is given to each correct choice. 1. Which of the following is NOT emphasized by traditional linguists? A. Correctness. C. Literary excellence. B. The purity of a language. D. Communication.

2. _______ the first language is used in the teaching of the second language in the Grammar-Translation Method. A. A lot of C. Little of B. A little of D. Not any

3. According to the Direct Method, every language has _______ structure. A. similar C. co-related B. its own D. the same

4. The Direct Method _______ the similarities between the first language acquisition and second language learning. A. is against C. draws on B. overemphasizes D. pays no attention to

5. Advocates of the Direct Method consider students’ mother tongue as _______ system in learning the second language. A. an interfering C. an integrating B. a helping D. a similar

6. In order to find ways of associating the new materials with ideas or objects with which the pupils are familiar, D. Ausubel would prefer _______. A. straightforward explanation and exposition C. rote learning B. pupil-generated discovery methods D. inductive and deductive inference

7. Of the three procedures followed in a cognitive classroom, which can be viewed as the performance stage?
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A. Exercises. C. Introduction of new materials.

B. Application activities. D. None of the above.

8. Chomsky and others claimed that every normal human being was born with a(n) _______. A. ADL C. LAD B. LDA D. ALD

9. The authors of the book The Natural Approach: Language Acquisition in the Classroom are _______. A. Chomsky and Terrell C. Krashen and Terrell B. Krashen and Halliday D. Chomsky and Krashen

10. The formula i+1 put forward by Krashen means input that contains structures _______ the learner’s present level. A. greatly above C. somewhat above B. greatly below D. somewhat below

11. According to the affective filter hypothesis, which of the following is NOT an affective variable related to second language acquisition? A. Motivation. C. Anxiety. B. Self-confidence. D. Vocabulary.

12. Which one of the following activities is NOT included in the acquisition activities in the Natural Approach? A. Affective-humanistic activities. C. Skill-getting activities. B. Problem-solving activities. D. Content activities.

13. In the classroom, the 3DA emphasizes _______. A. student’s own responsibility of learning C. practice and test B. teachers’ active role D. practice and consolidation

14. From the mid-1970s the key concept in educational linguistics and language pedagogy is that of _______. A. communication or communicative competence B. motivation in learning a foreign language C. independence and autonomy in learning D. language acquisition through the use of active trial 15. What do the three approaches (the Silent Way, Community Language Learning, and Suggestopaedia) have in common?
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A. All stress the intrusion of the teacher into the learning process. B. All lay emphasis on the individual and on personal learning strategies. C. All view the learning of a second language the same as the learning of the first. D. All three are deductive in the initial stage of the language learning process.

Ⅱ.Filling Blanks: (20% ) Directions: In this section there are 15 statements with 20 blanks. You are to fill each blank with ONE appropriate word. One point is given to each blank. 16. When discussing the rule of language, traditional linguists tended to take a ____ approach. 17. In the fifth century B.C., the ancient Greeks began to make a serious study of language in the realm of _philosophy___. 18. Leonard Bloomfield’s book Language was once considered the ____bible___ of linguistics. 19. The most important factor that made cognitive psychology dominant in the world is the development of the ___computer____ technology. 20. Chomsky made the ___distinction____ between linguistic competence and linguistic performance. 21. According to some functional linguist, some utterance has no meaning at all if it is out of the context of ___situation____. 22. Stephen Krashen holds that acquisition and learning have different ___functions____ in the communication activities. 23. The relationship between the grammatical forms and their functions is not a ___one-to-one____ correspondence. 24. A single form can express a number of ___functions____ and a single communicative function can be expressed by a number of ___linguistic forms____. 25. In Hymes’s views, “communicative competence” refers to the ability not only to apply grammatical rules of a language in order to form ___grammatically____ correct sentences but also to know when and where to use these sentences and to ___whom____. 26. Reinforcement which increases the likelihood of a response is known as __positive_____ reinforcement. 27. The learning theory of Audiolingualism is the ____behaviourist___ psychology which is an empirically based approach to the study of human behaviour. 28. The basic theoretical principles of the Audiolingual Method reflect the influence of _structural
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linguistics and ___behavioural____ psychology in language teaching. 29. According to the Oral Approach, it is an obvious requirement of any course that should proceed from ___easy____ to difficult without __sharp_____ breaks. 30. Hornby, Gatenby and Wakefield analyzed the English language and classified its major ____grammatical structure___ into sentence ____patterns___ which could be used to have oral practice.

Ⅲ. Matching: (15%) Directions: This section consists of three groups of pairs listed in two columns, A and B. You are to match the one marked ①,②,③,④, or ⑤ in Column A with the one marked a, b, c, d, or e in Column B. One point is given to each pair you match. 31. A: period of development ① the 1890s ② 1910-1940 B: one feature of each period a. uncertainty, meaning de-emphasized b. attempts to establish foreign language as a school subject ③ the 1950s ④ the 1960s c. more emphasis on meaning d. attempts to solve language teaching problems by research methods ⑤ the 1970s e. attempts to abandon the teacher-centred model

32. A: the main feature of the Audiolingual Method B: the advantage or disadvantage associated with the feature ① emphasis on the teaching of listening and speaking before reading and writing ② emphasis on certain practice techniques: mimicry, memorization and pattern drills a. The use of language labs will allow each student to work at his own pace. b. The technique of mim-mem and pattern drills gives students more thorough practice in using grammar patterns. ③ much use of tapes, language labs, and visual aids ④ tendency to manipulate language and disregard c. Students often fail to fully understand the value of language. d. Students are not expected to make any
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content ⑤ little or no grammatical explanation

spontaneous, personal contribution. e. It achieves noticeable success in developing aural comprehension and oral fluency.

33. A: the year ① 1882 ② 1904 B: the event a. the founding of the School of Applied Linguistics at Edinburgh University b. the start of the teaching of English as a second/foreign language as a profession in Britain ③ 1908 ④ 1957 ⑤ 1964 c. the start of the reform movement d. the publication of Jespersen’s book How to Teach a Foreign Language e. the founding of the International Association of Applied Linguisitics

Ⅳ. Questions for Brief Answers: (30%) Directions: This section has six questions. You are to briefly answer them. Five points are given to each question. 34. What are the main features of the Communicative Approach? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Emphasis on learning to communicate in the target language. 重视学习用目标语交流。 运用真实的材料学习场景; 聚焦学习过程 利用学习者的个人经历 在教室创建真实的交流场景

35. What are the characteristics of Junior English for China and Senior English for China? we could see that the JEFC and SEFC try to look after the development of both language knowledge and communicative competence. It does not simply teach students language, but provide plenty of opportunities for students to use the language, and they should learn the language for the purpose of using it. It does not follow one single method, but incorporates in it the effective points of audiolingualism, traditionalism and Communicative Language Teaching. Its method is eclectic, but this eclecticism is based on sound theoretical principles and effective practice results.

36. Why is the first language forbidden in the Direct Method classrooms? 37. What are the three crucial elements for learning to happen according to behaviourist psychology?

The three crucial elements in learning: a stimulus, a response and
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reinforcement
38. What are the limitations of the Cognitive Approach? 39. What was traditional linguists’ attitude towards the written and spoken form of language?

V. Questions for Long Answers: (20%) Directions: The two questions in this section are to be answered on the basis of your own teaching experience as well as the theoretical knowledge you’ve learned. Ten points are given to each question. 40. What are the main features of the Cognitive Approach? And in what aspects is the Cognitive Approach different from the Audiolingual Method? 41. On the basis of your teaching or learning experience can you discuss with us the advantages and disadvantages of the Grammar-Translation Method?

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