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新课标2016年高一英语寒假作业9 Word版含答案.doc


新课标 2016 年高一英语寒假作业 9
第Ⅰ卷 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 60 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 45 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Charles Chaplin, who died in 1977, is considered one of the greatest and funniest actors in the history of the cinema. During his lifetime, he acted in 13 films, and he wrote, directed and acted in 69 other films. Chaplin was born in London in 1889.When a poor boy, he was often seen waiting outside the London theatres, hoping to get work in show business. He could sing and dance, and above all, he knew how to make people laugh. But he couldn't get work and therefore wandered about the city streets. Sometimes he was sent away to a home for children who had not parents. Charlie Chaplin first acted when he was five. He broke into show business because his mother, a music-hall performer, lost her voice during the performance and had to leave the stage, and Charlie went on and sang a well-known song. Halfway through the song a shower of money poured onto the stage. Charlie stopped singing and told audiences he would pick the money first and then finish the song. The audiences laughed. This was the first of millions of laughs in Charlie Chaplin's fabulous career(神话般的生涯). Twenty years later the same Chaplin became the greatest and best loved comedian in the world. His dream came true in the end. Chaplin became world-famous and almost a king in the world of the film. Even people who don't understand English can enjoy Chaplin's films because they are mostly silent. The equipment for adding sound to films had not yet been developed. The development of films with sound became a problem for Chaplin, as he was uncertain about making films with dialogues. Instead, he continued to make films without dialogue, but he added music, which he wrote himself. It isn't what he says that makes us laugh. His comedy doesn't depend on words. It depends on little actions which mean the same thing to people the world over.

Chaplin's later films, however, were not well received. Chaplin lived most of his life in America and the last years in Switzerland, where he was buried at Christmas 1977, at the age of eighty-eight. There was sadness all over the world at the news of his death. In his book, Chaplin tells us how to succeed in life. He says, “You have to believe in yourself. That's the secret.” 72. Chaplin is regarded as king of comedy mainly because _______. A. he acted out the common human situations best in his comedy B. he could sing and dance well C. he knew how to make people laugh D. lots of people have seen his films 73. What makes people laugh in Chaplin's films? A. It isn't his words but his actions C. Either his words or his actions B. Neither his words nor actions D. Not only his words but also his actions

74. The only secret of Charles Chaplin's huge success is that _______. A. he can make all people, men and women, old and young laugh B. he has full trust in himself C. he is always active and hard-working all his life D. though he is always in trouble, he never loses heart 75. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? A. He was too shy to meet the managers of the theatres. B. People won't stop laughing until tears run down Chaplin's face. C. People all over the world can enjoy Chaplin's films without translation because most of them are silent. D. He wouldn't like to work at the theatre. B Treasure hunts (寻宝) have excited people’s imagination for hundreds of years both in real life and in books such a Robert Louis Stevenson’s Treasure Island. Kit Williams, a modern writer, had the idea of combining the real excitement of a treasure hunt with clues (线索) found in a book when he wrote a children’s story, Masquerade, in 1979. The book was about a hare, and a month before it came out Williams buried a gold hare in a park in Bedfordshire. The book contained a

large number of clues to help readers find the hare, but Williams put in a lot of “red herrings”, or false clues, to mislead them. Ken Roberts, the man who found the hare, had been looking for it for nearly two years. Although he had been searching in the wrong area most of the time, he found it by logic (逻辑), not by luck. His success came from the fact that he gained an important clue at the start. He had realized that the words:“One of Six to Eight” under the first picture in the book connected the hare in some way with Katherine of Aragon, the first of Henry VIII’s six wives. Even here, however, Williams had succeeded in misleading him. Ken knew that Katherine of Aragon had died at Kimbolton in Cambridgeshire in 1536 and thought that Williams had buried the hare there. He had been digging there for over a year before a new idea occurred to him. He found out that Kit Williams had spend his childhood near Ampthill, in Bedfordshire, and thought that he must have buried the hare in a place he knew well, but he still could not see the connection with Katherine of Aragon, until one day he came across two stone crosses in Ampthill Park and learnt that they had been built in her honor in 1773. Even then his search had not come to an end. It was only after he had spent several nights digging around the cross that he decided to write to Kit Williams to find out if he was wasting his time there. Williams encouraged him to continue, and on February 24th 1982, he found the treasure. It was worth £3000 in the beginning, but the excitement it had caused since its burial made it much more valuable. 64. What is the most important clue in the story to help Ken Roberts find the hare? A. Two stone crosses in Ampthill. B. Stevenson’s Treasure Island. C. Katherine of Aragon. D. Williams’ hometown. 65. The stone crosses in Ampthill were built _______. A. to tell about what happened in 1773 B. to show respect for Henry VIII’s first wife C. to serve as a roadsign in Ampthill Park D. to inform people where the gold hare was 66. Which of the following describes Roberts’ logic in searching for the hare? a. Henry VIII’s six wives b. Katherine’s burial place at Kimbolton c. Williams’ childhood in Ampthill d. Katherine of Aragon e. stone crosses in Ampthill Park A. a-b-c-e-d B. d-b-c-e-a C. a-d-b-c-e D. b-a-e-c-d 67. What is the subject discussed in the text?

A. An exciting historical event. B. A modern treasure hunt. C. The attraction of Masquerade. D. The importance of logical thinking. C Liu Xiang Will Resume (恢复) Training Athens Olympic 110m hurdle champion Liu Xiang felt so relieved to return to racetrack after getting out of the great number of social activities. Liu arrived in hometown Shanghai Wednesday night and was about to resume training shortly after. “I am so exhausted (疲惫的)from so many social activities, which made me even more tired than training,” said the 21-year-old Liu, who wrote a new chapter in China’s Olympic history by winning the country’s first ever athletics short-distance running title in the men’s 110m hurdles (栏)in Athens in August. “I am happy that I will resume my training soon back in Shanghai,” said the Shanghai native. He turned into an instant national hero with the Olympic glory (荣誉, 光荣) and one of the most popular Olympic gold medalists, taking part in scores of celebration activities since he returned to China early September. “My regular training has been interrupted for such a long time that I think I can only run at about 13.5 seconds now,” said Liu, who clocked a world record-tying time of 12.91 to clinch the title. “I would rather forget what I have achieved in the past and try my best to realize a higher goal,” he said. Liu already missed the Berlin Golden League Series on Sunday and won’t be able to catch the IAAF Grand Prix final slated for September 18-19 in Monaco. He plans on attending an IAAF all-star tournament in Japan at the end of this month.

65. This passage mainly talks about ________. A. victory of Liu Xiang B. Liu Xiang’s resumption to the racetrack

C. dream of Liu Xiang D. Liu Xiang’s high aim 66. From the passage we can see ________. A. Liu Xiang is content to go back to training B. Liu Xiang will win Golden League Series on Sunday C. Liu Xiang wasn’t good at social activities D. Liu Xiang was refreshed after so many social activities 67. The underlined word “relieved” means ________. A. sad B. glad C. worried D. disappointed

68. Which of the following is NOT wrong? A. Liu Xiang has had a quiet life for as long as half a month. B. Liu Xiang has missed two races because of his social activities. C. Liu Xiang has made up his mind to stop his social activities. D. Liu Xiang has deserted his present career.

D When I was a boy, I belonged to the boy Scouts(童子军),so I used to go camping every summer, and once something happened which I have never been able to explain. We were camping in a place、 above a river. After arriving, . we all rushed down to the river and had a swim. Standing by the river, we noticed that it was surrounded by cliffs(悬崖). If someone wanted to reach the river at this point, he had to walk past our camp. Several days later, the scoutmaster had to be away for a day. That afternoon, we had supper early. We were sitting round the fire, eating and talking, when a man walked past and went down towards the river. We all felt that this man looked very strange, but, because each of us was afraid of looking very stupid, no one said anything. We ate rather slowly, taking as long as possible. After finishing, we collected our plates together so that we could take them to the river where we always washed them. But no one moved towards the river—we stood looking at each other ashamed. Then all shouting at once, we began talking about the man who had walked past us. We agreed how strange he looked and we

wondered what he could be doing by the river. We knew that he could only return by passing through our camp. An hour passed. Then one of the boys suggested we should creep(悄悄移动)down by the river so that we could see what the man was doing. Moving very slowly and keeping in the shadow, we crept down towards the bank. One boy climbed a tree so that he could see everything clearly. He called to us that there was no one there, so we ran down to the bank, looking everywhere carefully.We could not understand where the man had gone. When it got dark,we went back to our camp feeling unrelieved.We told the scoutmaster what had happened in the evening.Smiling,he doubted that we.had seen the man, but finally suggested we go and look again.We.did,but there was no one there.Many years have passed, but I still remember it as if it were yesterday.What did we:see? I do not know.

52.The writer in the text mainly tells us A.the story of his childhood C.about a stranger by the river 53.Why did the boys eat their supper slowly? A.They wanted to delay going to the fiver bank. B.They were waiting for their scoutmaster. C.They had a supper earlier than usual. D.They were taking while eating. 54.What happened to the mall that they met that afternoon? A.He died C.He got ill B.Fish ate him D.Not mentioned in the article . B.a strange camping experience D.about a good place for camping

55.When he heard what had happened,the scoutmaster A.realized who the man was C.went back to look for the man

B.started to worry about the man. D.felt it hard to believe the boys.

第二节 (七选五 共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项, 选项中有两项为多余选项。 The person behind you constantly kicks the back of your seat.Your talkative seatmate doesn’t

understand your need for sleep.And the aircraft’s bathroom is a total mess.These situations can make even a short flight unbearable .Hopefully you don’t cause these unpleasant experiences for others. 76 Always recline(向后倾斜) your seat slowly.There’s nothing worse than suddenly being hit in the knees by the seat in front of you.In addition, don’t keep your seat reclined for the entire flight.Always keep it upright during mealtimes.And remember to put it in the upright position before going to the restroom (or anytime you leave your seat. ) 77 Wait until the meal is done and all the food trays (盘子) have been collected. It’s hard for passengers to stand up to let you pass when they still have their food trays.And when using the bathroom, always clean up after yourself 一 the next user will be grateful ! Keep your body 一 and your possessions 一 to yourself as much as possible so as not to crowd your in-flight seatmate(s).Share the armrest , especially on a long flight. Also, be careful not to kick or push on the seat in front of you. While some people enjoy chatting with other passengers during a flight, not everyone does.Some people may want to nap ,read or work. 78 If you are traveling with someone and want to chat, keep your voices low. still hear through your headphones if the volume is too high. When exiting the plane, if others are having trouble with their carry-on luggage, help them if you can. If you can’t help ,wait patiently, and don’t push past people to get off the airplane. On your flight ,remember the golden rule: 80 . A.Don’t leave your carry-on in the aircraft. B.If the conversation seems one-sided , you should notice it. C.Treat others the way you want to be treated! D.Avoid going to the bathroom during mealtimes. E.Instead ,you can set an example by following these common airplane courtesies(礼貌) F.it is not polite to talk loudly in the aircraft. G. If using electronic gadgets(小装置) ,keep the volume down. 第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 15 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The telephone rang in the police station at Richmond, California, USA. “Police station? A train for Santa FE collide(碰撞)with a(n) 31 at the McDonald Street Crossing. Please go voice of a young 79 People can

there at once, with an ambulance too. A man is badly injured, ” said a (n) 32 woman. “Just a minute, we’ll come

33 . Please stay there and wait,” answered the policeman. 34 man. . Soon they got to the 35 , but only 37

Within a minute, a police car and an ambulance to 36 everything was fine. No collision, no

“What a dirty trick! ” said the policeman 38 . “We must find out that mischievous (恶作 剧的) 39 and.”

They had not been able to say anything about a punishment towards them, too. struck it 43 just 46

40

they heard the whistle of a

train: the train was nearing them quickly. All 41 a sudden, a truck appeared. It came fast 42 it was passing the crossing, it suddenly refused to move on. Right then and there, before the eyes of all the people present, the train collided with the truck heavily and meters away. 44 out of the damaged truck, he was 45 hurt 47 in time, he When Randolph Bruce, the driver was was saved at last. Later the policemen did 49 . It is 50 that a prophecy(预言)should coincide(巧合)with the fact so exactly. 48 they could to find the woman who had telephoned them, but

the young woman had foretold on the phone. As he was taken to the

31. A. ambulance 32. A. anxious 33. A. fast 34. A. went by 35. A. telephone 36. A. feel 37. A. injured 38. A. happily 39. A. man 40. A. until 41. A. at 42. A. When 43. A. dozen 44. A. raised 45. A. slightly 46. A. as 47. A. police station 48. A. that 49. A. delayed 50. A. surprised 。

B. truck B. sweet B. ahead B. set off B. street B. find B. trapped B. excitedly B. policeman B. since B. of B. Where B. dozens B. helped B. clearly B. so B. market B. which B. worked B. surprising

C. car C. gentle C. soon C. got there C. station C. have C. frightened C. angrily C. woman C. while C. by C. That C. dozen of C. pushed C. hardly C. before C. hospital C. however C. stopped C. satisfied

D. bus D. low D. later D. came on D. crossing D. tell D. killed D. disappointedly D. boy D. when D. for D. Which D. dozens of D. forced D. badly D. for D. sidewalk D. whatever D. failed D. satisfying

第 II 卷

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节 满分 55) 第二节 阅读下面材料,用不多于 1 个单词的正确形式填空(语法填空) Keeping a diary in English is one of the effective ways to improve our English writing ability. 66._________(compare) with other forms of writing, it is shorter and takes 67._______ (little) time. It can help us to develop the habit of thinking in English. 68.________we persist in this practice, gradually we’ll learn how to express 69.________ in English. In keeping a diary in English, we certainly run up against many 70._________(difficult). In the first place 71.________ often happens that we have trouble finding appropriate words and phrases to give expression to our mind. Secondly, there are many idiomatic ways of saying things in Chinese. And it is extremely hard for us to put them into English 72.________(proper). As far as I 73._________(concern), my suggestion is that we should always have a notebook and a Chinese-English dictionary 74._______ easy reach. Whenever something beats us, we can first put it down in our notebook and then consult our dictionary. We can also turn to our English teacher for help, if necessary. In short, 75._______ is of great use for us to keep a diary in English is that it really helps us with the development of our writing skills.

第四部分 写作 (共两节 满分 35) 第一节 短文改错(10 分) Dear Mei Mei, I have a problem and I’m writing ask for an advice. This is a secret, so don’t tell anybody else. I used to getting along very well with my cousin To spend part of he winter holidays together. Now I don’t think I want to invite you home. Recently I’ve discovered that he’s start to tell lies. When I told him if it was wrong to tell lies, but he just laughed. The problem is, should I tell his parents or his teacher, or should I keep quietly? He certainly isn’t going to listen to me. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

第二节 书面表达 据报道,目前我国居民每日使用塑料袋约 30 亿个,中国已成为白色污染大国。自今年 6 月 1 日起,全国的商品零售场所将不再免费提供塑料购物袋。请根据左侧的漫画,结合

生活实际,用英语写一篇 120—150 词的短文,谈谈你对“限塑令”的看法。

参考答案

第Ⅰ卷 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 60 分)

第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 45 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A 篇: B 篇: C 篇: D 篇: 答案及解析:AABC 答案及解析:CBCB 答案及解析:BABB 答案及解析:BADD

第二节 (七选五 共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项, 选项中有两项为多余选项。 答案及解析: 76-80 EDBGC 第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45) 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 15 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 答案及解析: 1.本文讲述的是一个关于预言与事实巧合的故事: 一天警察局接到一个女士的报警电话说在 一个铁路和公路的交叉路口发生了交通事故。一辆货车与火车相撞,有一个人受了重伤,要 求警察带救护车去救援, 当警察和救护车赶到报案人所说的事故地点时, 他们看到那里一切 正常,并没有事故发生。当警察们正为有人报假案而生气,发誓要查出报案人时,与报案人 所说的相似的事故发生了…… 31. B 解析:根据后文的 a truck appeared 可知选 B。难度中等。 32. A 解析:因为是报案,所以报案人的声音应该很急切,故选 A。难度中等。 33. C 解析:根据本句中的 wait 可以推断出选 C。难度中等。 34. B 解析:根据后一句中的 got to 可知选 B。难度较大。 35. D 解析:由前文的 at McDonald Street Crossing 可知选 D。难度中等。 36. B 解析:此处所填词意思是:看到,发现。选 B。难度较大。 37. A 解析:句意是:没有车祸,没有受伤者。选 A。难度中等。

38. C 解析:根据后一句可知选 C。本题较易。 39. C 解析:根据第一自然段的最后一句可知选 C。难度中等。 40. D 解析:此处所填词是并列连词,表时间,意思是:就在这时,选 D。难度较大。 41. B 解析:all of a sudden:突然地。难度中等。 42. A 解析:所填词引导时间状语从句,意思是:当……的时候,选 A。难度中等。 43. D 解析:此处所填词表示不定量的概念,意思是:几(米),选 D。难度中等。 44. B 解析:根据前文可知货车和火车相撞,货车被撞出去好几米,那么司机就是被困在车内,因 此是“被人帮助拉出来”。故选 B。难度中等。 45. D 解析:所填词修饰形容词 hurt,意思是:严重地,厉害地。选 D。本题易。 46. A 解析:引导方式状语从句,意思是:就像……一样,选 A。难度较大。 47. C 解析:根据后文的 save 可以推断出选 C。难度中等。 48. D 解析:引导宾语从句,在从句中作宾语,指物,意思是:任何事。选 D。难度较大。 49. D 解析:根据连词 but 可知选 D。难度较大。 50. B 解析:所填词作表语,句子主语是 that 从句,指物,故选 B。难度中等

第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节 满分 55) 第三节 阅读下面材料,用不多于 1 个单词的正确形式填空(语法填空) 答案及解析: 66. Compared 70 difficulties 74. within 67. less 71. it 75. what 68. If 72. properly 69. ourselves 73.am concerned

第四部分 写作 (共两节 满分 35) 第二节 短文改错(10 分) 答案及解析: 81. ask 前加 to 2. 去掉 an 3. getting 改为 get 4. friend 改为 friends 5. √ 10.

6. you 改为 him 7. start 改为 starting quietly 改为 quiet

8. if 改为 that 或去掉 if 9. 去掉 but

第三节 书面表达

答案及解析: One possible version: It is reported that around three hundred million plastic bags are used by Chinese residents each day. As is known in the picture, the earth is crying for help because of this serious white pollution. To our joy, all the shopping places will be banned from providing free plastic bags from June 1 this year. I can’t agree more to this. For a long time, though we have known the bad effects of plastic bags on our environment, still we find it difficult to refuse them --- they are so convenient to us. Thanks to the government, firm measures are to be taken to limit them. I am sure people will become accustomed to giving up the plastic bags. Only by changing the way we treat the earth can we form a harmonious relationship with it. Saving the earth is saving ourselves. Stop using plastic bags.


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