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新课标版2015-2016学年高二上学期期中考试 英语

2015-2016 学年度上学期(期中)考试

第 I 卷 客观题(满分 90 分) 第一部分 单项填空(共 20 小题,每题 1 分,满分 20 分) 1. In April, thousands of holidaymakers remained ______ abroad due to the volcanic ash cloud. A. sticking B. stuck C. to be stuck D. to have stuck 2. Every day _____a proverb aloud several times until you have it memorized. A. read B. reading C. to read D. reads 3. I often think of those occasions ______ we had a happy time together. A. which B. when C. on which D. Both B and C 4. Bats are surprisingly long-lived creatures, some _____ a life span of around 20 years. A. having B. had C. have D. to have 5. The school requested that all the students ____ school uniform on weekdays in school. A. wear B. wore C. wears D. have worn 6. Although I hurried, ____ I was late for the train. A. but B. so C. yet D. that 7. --- Peter told me he wanted to come with us. Is it OK for you? --- I don’t mind _____ he pays for his expense. A. as far as B. as well as C. as long as D. as soon as 8. Most of the educators are ____ providing more freedom to the teenagers, believing that it may make them more creative and independent. A. in favor of B. in search of C. in charge of D. in need of 9. The woman told the workers that her house _____. A. required to paint B. required painting C. requires paint D. requires being painted 10. You have no idea what I have had to _____ during the last few months. A. put through B. go through C. read through D. look through 11. According to our school rules, no student ____ be permitted to carry mobile phones in class. A. will B. must C. may D. shall 12. ____ you eat the correct foods ____ be able to keep fit and stay healthy. A. Only if; will you B. Only if; you will C. Unless; will you D. Unless; you will 13. When you are older you can watch _____ program you like. A. however B. whenever C. whichever D. whatever 14. They are ____ different sizes, shapes and materials, but they are exactly the same _____. A. /; in weight B. of; in weight C. in; of weight. D. of; weights 15. She ____ have left school, for her bike is still here. A. can’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. shouldn’t 16. He claims to _____ a round black creature moving quickly through the water. A. see B. have seen C. be seen D. be seeing 17. ____ this car with that one, he chose the latter. A. Comparing B. Compared C. To compare D. Compare 18.You can’t imagine the trouble we had ____ in touch with him. A. got B. to get C. get D. getting 19. If we ____ now to protect the environment, we will live to regret it..

A. hadn’t acted B. haven’t acted C. don’t act D. won’t act 20.A car was hit by a log falling off a truck, _____ two passengers in the car. A. kill B. to kill C. killing D. killed 第二部分 完形填空(共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分, 满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的四个选项 (A、 B、 C 和 D) 中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 We were the only family with children in the restaurant. I sat Eric in a high chair and noticed everyone was 21 eating and talking. Suddenly, Eric screamed with 22 and said, "Hi there." His fat baby hands hit the high chair tray, and his eyes were wide with excitement. I looked around and saw the 23 of his enjoyment. It was an old man with a worn and oily coat. And his hair was uncombed and unwashed. I was sure he 24 . His hand waved."Hi there, baby; I see ya," the man said to Eric. My husband and I 25 looks. Eric continued to laugh and answer, "Hi, there." Everyone in the restaurant noticed this. My husband and I were 26 . We finally 27 the meal and 28 for the door. My husband went to pay the check and told me to meet him in the parking lot. The old man sat 29 me and the door. "Lord, just let me out of here 30 he speaks to me or Eric," I prayed. As I drew closer to the man, I turned my back trying to sidestep him and avoid any air he might be 31 . As I did so, Eric leaned over my arm, reaching with both arms in a baby's " 32 " position. Before I could stop him, he had 33 himself to the man's arms. Eric, in an act of total 34 and love, laid his tiny head upon the man's torn shoulder. His 35 hands full of dirt, pain and hard labor gently, so gently, cradled (抱着) my baby's 36 and patted his back. I stood amazed. After a while, he pushed Eric from his chest 37 as though he were in pain, saying "God bless you, ma'am. You've given me the best Christmas gift." I had just witnessed a genuine love shown through the innocence of a tiny child who saw no sin(罪恶), who made no 38 .The ragged old man, 39 , had reminded me that a genuine love is one which the 40 essence (本质) of love is realized.

21. A. hurriedly 22. A. delight 23. A. source 24. A. smiled 25. A. transformed 26. A. embarrassed 27. A. got up 28. A. moved 29. A. in front of 30. A. though 31. A. holding 32. A. let-me-go 33. A. jumped 34. A. independence 35. A. tough 36. A. legs 37. A. eagerly 38. A. decision 39. A. strangely 40. A. realistic

B. happily B. surprise B. reason B. smelled B. separated B. astonished B. got through B. headed B. against B. since B. fighting B. pick-me-up B. devoted B. trust B. strong B. head B. violently B. judgment B. powerfully B. false

C. sadly C. anger C. effect C. felt C. exchanged C. excited C. got over C. reached C. next to C. before C. taking C. put-me-down C. driven C. desire C. old C. neck C. unwillingly C. conclusion C. unknowingly C. loyal

D. quietly D. satisfaction D. origin D. cheated D. replaced D. curious D. got off D. advanced D. between D. if D. breathing D. take-me-on D. thrown D. devotion D. firm D. bottom D. gladly D. choice D. gratefully D. true

第三部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 第一节: 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A Welcome to your future life! You get up in the morning and look into the mirror. Your face is firm and young-looking. In 2035, medical technology is better than ever. Many people your age could live to be 150, so at 40, you’re not old at all. And your parents just had an anti-aging(抗衰老的) treatment. Now, all three of you look the same age ! You say to your shirt, “Turn red.” It changes from blue to red. In 2035, “smart clothes” contain particles(粒子) much smaller than the cells in your body. The particles can be programmed to change your clothes’ color or pattern. You walk into the kitchen. You pick up the milk, but a voice says, “You shouldn’t drink that!” Your fridge has read the chip (芯片) that contains information about the milk , and it knows the milk is old . In 2035, every article of food in the grocery store has such a chip. It’s time to go to work. In 2035, cars drive themselves. Just tell your “smart car” where to go. On the way, you can call a friend using your jacket sleeve(袖子). Such “smart technology” is all around you. So will all these things come true? “For new technology to succeed,” says scientist Andrew Zolli , “it has to be so much better that it replaces what we have already.” The Internet is one example --what will be the next? 41.We can learn from the text that in the future__________. A. people will never get old B. everyone will look the same C. red will be the most popular color D. clothes will be able to change their pattern 42.What can be inferred from Paragraph 4? A. Milk will be harmful to health. B. More drinks will be available for sale. C. Food in the grocery store will carry electronic information. D. Milk in the grocery store will stay fresh much longer. 43.What is the text mainly about? A. Food and clothing in 2035. B. Future technology in everyday life. C. Medical treatments of the future. D. The reason for the success of new technology. B Basic Photography This is an eight-hour course for beginners who want to learn how to use a 35mm camera. The teacher will cover such areas as kinds of film, light, and lenses(镜头). Bring your own 35mm camera to the class. Course Charge: $150 Jan. 10, 12, 17, 19, Tues. & Thurs. 6-8p.m. Marianne Adams is a professional photographer whose photographs appear in many magazines. Understanding Computers This twelve-hour course is for people who don’t know very much about computers, but who need to learn about them. You will learn what computers are, what they can and can’t do, and how to use them. Course Charge: $75 Equipment Charge: $10 Jan. 7, 14, 21, 28, Sat. 9-12 a.m.

Joseph Saimders is a professor of computer science at New Urban University. He has over twelve years of experience in the computer field. Stop Smoking Do you want to stop smoking? Have you already tried to stop and failed? Now it is the time to stop smoking using the latest methods. You can stop smoking, and this twelve-hour course will help you do it. Course Charge: $30 Jan. 4, 11, 18, 25 Mon. 4-7 p.m. Dr.John Goode is a practicing psychologist( 心理学家 )who has helped hundreds of people stop smoking. Typing This course on weekdays is for those who want to type as well as those who want to improve their typing. You are tested in the first class and practice at one of eight different skill levels. This allows you to learn at your own speed. Each program lasts 20 hours. Bring your own paper. Course Charge: $125 Materials Charge: $25 Two hours each evening for two weeks. This course is taught by a number of business education teachers who have successfully taught typing courses before. 44. The word “professional” in this advertisement most probably means “_____” A. spiritual B. journalist C. professor D. experienced 45. The shortest course is _____. A. Basic Photography B. Understanding Computers C. Stop Smoking D. Typing 46. A course which can do something good for your health will cost____. A. $50 B.$30 C.$10 D.$125 47. In which of the courses do you have to take a test? A. Basic Photography B. Understanding Computers C. Typing D. Stop Smoking C Why do people drink too much, eat too much, smoke cigarettes or take drugs? What’s to blame for all the bad behavior? Most people would say that, while these self-destructive (自我毁灭的) acts can have many root causes, they all have one obvious thing in common: they are all examples of failures of self-control, lacking the will power to resist(抵抗) them. According to a recent study, however, if you really think about it, something about that simple answer doesn’t quite make sense. In fact, it turns out that sometimes it’s having will power that really gets you into trouble. Think back to the time you took your very first sip (啜饮) of beer. Disgusting, wasn’t it? When my father gave me my first taste of beer as a teenager, I wondered why anyone would voluntarily drink it. And smoking? No one enjoys their first cigarette — it tastes awful. So even though smoking, and drinking alcohol or coffee, can become temptation (诱惑) you need will power to resist, they never, ever start out that way. Just getting past those first horrible experiences actually requires a lot of self-control. Ironically (讽刺 的是), only those who can control themselves well, rather than give in to them, can ever come to someday develop a “taste” for Budweiser beer, Marlboro cigarettes, or dark-roasted Starbucks coffee. We do it for social acceptance. We force ourselves to consume alcohol, cigarettes, coffee and even illegal drugs, in order

to seem experienced, grown-up, and cool. These bad habits aren’t self-control failures — far from it. They are voluntary choices, and they are in fact self-control successes. Self-control is simply a tool to be put to some use, helpful or harmful. To live happy and productive lives, we need to develop not only our self-control, but also the wisdom to make good decisions about when and where to apply it. 48. What do most people think causes bad behavior? A. Being forced by others. B. Not having enough will power. C. Enjoying their first experiences. D. Following the examples of their friends. 49. The author mentions his experience in the third paragraph to prove ____. A. will power helps develop bad habits sometimes B. drinking beer is harmful to the health of teenagers C. self-control should be developed when one is young D. everyone can be challenged by different temptations 50. In the last paragraph, the author stresses that ____. A. without self-control, no one can succeed B. bad habits don’t always lead to bad results C. applying self-control correctly is important D. people can develop wisdom from bad behavior 51. What would be the best title for the passage? A. My First Sip of Beer B. Do You Have Will Power ? C. Will Power Benefits Us D. Dark Side of Self-control

D Imagine your body is like the house you live in. Every day, your family creates rubbish. The rubbish builds up until it is put out for the weekly garbage collection. Now, say you put three bags of garbage out, but because one of the collectors was away sick, only two bags are collected. You take the leftover bag inside to be put out again next week. The following week you put on another three bags, plus the leftover bag from last week. But again, only two bags are collected. Imagine this cycle is repeated over the following weeks. This is a simple description of what happens to your body when your kidneys (肾脏) don’t work efficiently. Your body is not thoroughly emptied of waste products. Other areas of the body such as blood pressure and red blood cell production are affected and the insidious process that may lead to kidney failure begins. It’s not uncommon for people to lose up to 90% of their kidney function before developing any symptoms. There may be no warning signs. This makes early detection (诊查) difficult. Kidney’s main job is to remove toxins (毒素) and unwanted water from our blood. Every day our kidneys clean an average of 200 litres of blood. Kidney failure may be a gradual and silent process, going unnoticed because there is no apparent pain. Research shows that more than 25% of the patients requiring dialysis (透析) do not see a kidney specialist before they have to do so. Some risk factors for kidney disease such as age and genetic make up are out of our control; however, some changes in lifestyle may help prevent kidney damage. Two major risk factors for kidney disease, diabetes (糖尿病) and high blood pressure, have been on the rise over the last few decades.Both conditions are chiefly affected by being overweight and not getting enough exercises, which are the potential risk factors for the kidney disease. 52. The author gives the example of the house we live in to indicate that _______.

A. it’s safe and harmless for our body to keep some waste B. it’s important for our body to empty the waste in time every day C. our body will not produce any waste if our kidneys work efficiently D. it doesn’t matter much if the waste in our body is not emptied in time 53. The underlined word “insidious” in the third paragraph means _______. A. smooth and safe B. obvious and fast C. gradual and unnoticed D. long and painful 54. We can infer that when we find some symptoms related to our kidneys, _______. A. the kidney failure begins B. the kidneys can still work properly C. we have lost about 10% of kidney function D. the kidneys may have been seriously damaged 55. Which of the following helps prevent kidney damage most effectively? A. Go to see a kidney specialist shortly before dialysis starts. B. Take enough exercise and make early detection of kidney disease. C. Try to keep low blood pressure and a stable lifestyle. D. Go to hospital whenever you find any warning signs. 第二节: 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项.选项中有两项为多余选 项. If you find that your teacher is unfair to you, think about what is happening. Try to find out whether your teacher really dislikes you, or whether something else is going on. Here are some questions to ask yourself: 56 Ask your classmates if they are having trouble with the teacher, too. If they say yes, perhaps your teacher is to blame. Are you working up to your ability? Maybe you got a C in your last test, and your teacher told you that you could do better. And the kid sitting beside you got a C, too. 57 Isn’t this unfair? Well, it could be that your teacher knows that you could do better if you put more effort into it. 58 . 59 There’s nothing wrong with being sensitive (敏感的) ,but if you react to criticism quite differently from others, this could be a reason why you think your teacher doesn’t like you. Does your teacher seem to act unfairly all the time, or just once in a while? Think about the harsh (苛 刻的) things your teacher has done to you. Are these things happening every day, or just once or twice a month? If your teacher really hates you, you would probably be picked on all the time. 60 . A. Are you the only person being treated badly, or is your teacher rough on the whole class? B. Are you getting along well with your classmates? C. Are you more sensitive than other students? D. Are you interested in your lessons? E. If your teacher has acted unfairly only a few times, then there’s probably something else going on. F. Teachers often grade students by different standards. G. But the teacher didn’t say anything to him! 第Ⅱ卷 主观题 (满分 60 分) 注意:将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。 第一部: 语法填空 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的 正确形式。 (每空 1.5 分, 共 15 分) One Sunday morning in August I went to a local music festival. I left it early because I had an

appointment 61 (late) that day. My friends walked me to the bus stop and waited with me62 the bus arrived. I got on the bus and found a seat near the back, and then I noticed a man 63 (seat) at the front. He 64 (pretend) that a tiger toy was real and giving it a voice. He must be 65 (mental) disabled. Behind him were other people to 66 he was trying to talk , but after some minutes they walked away and sat near me, looking annoyed. I didn't want 67 (laugh) at for talking to him but I didn't like leaving him68 his own either. After a while I rose from my seat and walked to the front of the bus. I sat next to the man and introduced myself. We had69 amazing conversation. He got off the bus before me and I felt very happy the rest of the way home. I'm glad I made the choice. It made 70 of us feel good. 第二部分: 单词拼写(共 10 各小题,每题 1 分,共 10 分) 71. You may refer to your r_____________ book if necessary while doing your homework. 72. All my ___________ (尝试) to get the car working failed, so I had to ask others for help. 73. Would it be c_________________ for you to pick me up at four o’clock? 74. Those who are _______________ (与…..有牵连) in the matter should answer for it. 75. Write your name in the ___________(空白的) space. 76. I’m dieting to keep my f____________. 77. Do you think robots will r_____________ the workers in the workplace in the future? 78. The lake is ________________ (环绕) by trees. 79. As we all know, salt e ___________ mostly in seawater. 80.The new signs will be very ___________(令人困惑的)for tourists. 第三部分:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语 言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加﹑删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Knowing how to do in case of fire is important. If the fire broke out, what would you do? First, you should warn everyone in the building about the danger. Don’t panic or start shouting. Be calmly and act quickly. Second, you and all the others should be get out of the building. Don’t stop take anything with you. Once you are out of the building, stay out. Do not go back for some reason. Finally, when you are out of the building, calling the fire police. Don’t try to put off the fire yourself. That can be dangerous if you do. 第四部分:书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你是李明,是光明中学一名高二学生。你发现部分同学每次遇到重要考试,都会出现一些 焦虑症状。请你用英语写一封信,向某学生英文报编辑反映该问题。信的内容应包括下列要点: 焦虑症状 头晕、乏力、睡眠不好、食欲不振等 建议 1. 考前制订合适的复习计划。 2. 考试期间正常作息。 3. 睡前洗热水澡、 喝热牛奶等有助于睡眠。 其他建议(内容由考生自己拟定) 注意:1.根据以上内容写一篇短文,不要逐句翻译,可适当增加细节以使行文连贯。

2.词数:100 左右。开头已给出,不计入总词数。 3.参考词汇:头晕 dizzy. Dear editor,

I am Li Ming,a Senior Three student in Guangming Middle School.I am writing to tell you

about some symptoms of anxiety among us students before exams.


第Ⅱ卷 主观题 (满分 60 分) 第一部: 语法填空(每空 1.5 分, 共 15 分) 61. later 62. till/ until 63. seated 64. was pretending 65. mentally 70. both 75. blank 80. confusing 84. calmly 改为 calm 88. calling 改为 call 89. off 66. whom 67. to be laughed 68. on 69. an 第二部分: 单词拼写(共 10 各小题,每题 1 分,共 10 分) 71. reference 72. attempts 73. convenient 74. involved 76. figure 77. replace 78. surrounded 79. exists 第三部分:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 81.how 改为 what 85. 删掉 be (get 之前) 82. the 改为 a 86. stop 后加 to 83.about 改为 of 87. some 改为 any

改为 out 90. do 后加 that/so/it 第四部分:书面表达(满分 25 分) one possible version: Dear editor, I am Li Ming, a Senior three student in Guangming Middle School. I am writing to tell you about some symptoms of anxiety among us students before exams. Most of us feel nervous whenever we are taking an important exam. Some will feel dizzy or tired,

some will suffer from lack of sleep, and some will lose their appetite. (In fact, all these symptoms have terrible effects on our exams and) we are all eager to get rid of them. First of all, we should study hard every day and make careful plans for every exam. In this way we can avoid suffering from the pressure of exams. Second, enough sleep can make us energetic and enable us to perform well in an exam. Therefore,during the period of exams, we should not stay up too late. We can also

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