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英语


周杰伦

刘翔

姚明

Zhou Jielun is tall . Liu Xiang is taller than Zhou Jielun .

Yao Ming is the tallest of them .

周迅

范冰冰

刘亦菲

Zhou Xun has long hair. Fan Bingbing’s hair is longer than Zhou Xu’s. Liu Yifei’s hair is the longest of all.

Li Yong is funny. Sun Nan is funnier than Li Yong. Pan Changjiang is the funniest.

250,000 RMB

500 RMB

50,000 RMB

The bike is expensive. The red car is more expensive than the bike. The green car is the most expensive.

一、规则变化:
1、一般直接在词尾加er; est tall —taller--tallest light —lighter--lightest 2、以字母e结尾的直接加r; st nice —nicer—nicest fine —finer—finest 3、以辅音字母加y结尾的形容词,要变y为i再加er; est heavy —heavier—heaviest busy —busier--busiest 4、以重读闭音节结尾且末尾只有一个辅音字母的形容词,要 双写末尾的辅音字母再加er; est thin —thinner—thinnest hot —hotter—hottest (注:双写必须同时符合以下条件a.以辅音字母+元音字母+辅音 字母结尾;b.中间的元音字母发单元音;c. 重读闭音。一般满足 前两个条件多为双写的词)

5、多音节形容词或部分双音节形容词变比较级在前面 加more,最高级在前加most beautiful —more beautiful—most beautiful important —more important—most beautiful

二、不规则形容词的比较级最高级
原 级 good / well many / much little bad far old 比较级
better more less worse

最高级
best most least worst farthest/furthest oldest/eldest

farther/further older/elder

写出下列形容词的比较级和最高级

(1)bad (3)big (5)hot (7)little (9)hard (11)happy (13) careful (15) difficult (17)quiet

(2) busy (4) rude (6) easy (8) fast (10) many /much (12)far (14)good/well (16)small (18) old

(1)bad worse, worst (2)busy busier, busiest(3)big bigger, biggest (4) rude ruder, rudest (5)hot hotter, hottest (6)easy easier, easiest(7)little less, least (8)fast faster, fastest(9)hard harder, hardest (10)many /much more, most (11)happy happier, happiest (12)far farther/further, farthest /furthest (13)careful more careful, most careful (14)good/well better, best (15)difficult more difficult, most difficult (16)small smaller, smallest (17)quiet quieter, quietest (18)old older/elder, oldest/eldest

形容词比较级的用法

1、两者之间的比较,句中有明显的标志词than Eg: Tom is taller than John. 2、Which/Who is + 比较级, A or B ? Eg: Which is easier, maths or English? 3、能修饰比较级的副词及短:much(…的多)、 a lot(… 的多)、even(更…)、still(更…)、a bit(…一点儿) Eg: This city is much more beautiful than that one. Today is even hotter than yesterday. 4、… is the +比较级 + of the two. Eg:Tom is the taller of the two boys. 汤姆是这两个男孩中最高的 . 5、比较级+ and + 比较级, “越来越…” Eg:Now it is hotter and hotter. 现在越来越热。

7、The + 比较级…,the + 比较级… “越…,就越…” Eg:The more , the better. 越多越好。 The more you eat, the fatter you will become. 你吃得越多,你就越容易变胖

形容词原级的用法
1、very、so、quite、too等词后用原级 2、too … to ; so … that ;as … as 中间用原级 3、not as/so + 原级+ as 不及…

注:
older 一般指年龄大小 My father is older than my mother. elder指长幼关系(一般修饰名词作定语) My elder brother is a driver. farther指距离更远 I want to study English further. further指抽像的 further reading

用所给词的正确形式填空 big 1. Your room is very _________. It’s much bigger ________ than mine. (big) 2. —This coat is too expensive (expensive)I ________. don’t have enough money to buy it. I can buy a cheapper ________one than it.(cheap) bigger 3. Which is _______ (big) ,the sun, the moon or the earth? 4、A horse is _______ than a dog. (heavy) heavier 5、Usually Xiao Li spends _______ time doing less homework than XiaoChen does.(little)

形容词最高级的用法
1、the+最高级+ of/in (三者及以上范围的) My mother is the busiest in my family 2、one of the + 最高级 + 名词复数 + in/of Shenzhen is one of the biggest cities in China 3、the + 序数词 + 最高级 + 名词 + in/of The Yellow River is the second longest river in China 4、Which/Who is the + 最高级,A ,B or C ? Which is the biggest , the moon, the earth or the sun ? 5、This is the + 最高级 + 名词 (that) I have ever seen/listened. This is the most beautiful city that I have ever visited.


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