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2015年高考仿真模拟试卷(浙江卷五)英语


2015 年高考仿真模拟试卷·浙江卷(五)

英语
选择题部分(共 80 分) 第一部分:英语知识应用(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 20 小题,每小题 0.5 分,满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂 黑。 1.(2015·安徽省江南十校高三上学期期末大联考)—

Without smart phones, people to each other. —Er, it seems to be high tech that has widened the distance between people. A be B. will be C. is D. would be closer

2.(2015·江苏省连云港、徐州、淮安、宿迁四市高三第一次调研考试)—I would be greatly thankful to Jason Coates who rescued my life after I fell through the ice. —That's it. You _______ Christina, your wife but for that Jason pulled you from the canal. A. will never meet C. would never have met B. would never meet D. will never have met

3.(2015·江苏省南京市、盐城市高三第一次模拟)— Mom! Jack has broken a cup! — Doesn?t matter. Accidents ________ happen. A. should B. must C. will D. shall

4.(2015·山东省师大附中高三第一次模拟) They must have been enjoying themselves there, or they __________ so long. A. wouldn?t stay B. needn?t have stayed C. wouldn?t have stayed D. couldn?t stay 5. ( 2015 · 江 苏 省 扬 州 市 高 三 第 一 次 调 研 测 试 )In case anyone present at the meeting tonight_______need any help, here?s my number for you to contact me. A.can B. shall C. should D. must

6.(2015·重庆市巴蜀中学高三上学期第一次模拟考试英语试题)Taking drugs has become part of every sport _________ athletes seek to achieve beyond their natural limits. A. which B. that C. who D. where

7.(2015·四川省德阳市高三第一次诊断考试)—Where did you get to know Peter?

—It was on the pitch A. where B. that

we were playing soccer. C. which D. when

8.(2015·四川省成都七中高三一诊模拟英语试题)We expect you to become someone _______ we?ll feel very proud in the future. A. of whom B. for whom C. who D. that 9. ( 2015· 四 川 成 都 高 三 第 一 次 考 试 试 题 ) By shaking hands , people communicate a message_______they trust each other. A. which B. what C. whether D . that 10. (2015· 陕西省五校高三第一次模拟联考) Some college students are seen doing _____work they can find to support themselves. A.that B.which C.whatever D.no matter what

11.(2015·江苏省苏锡常镇四市高三下学期教学情况)Since it is common______to copy others? designs, the Council of Fashion Designers has recently urged the government to pass laws to protect designers? rights. A.practice B.standard C.sense D.activity

12.(2015·· 湖北省武汉市高中毕业生二月调研测试)“One thing I?m looking for in a college”, Sandra told her teacher, “is ______. I want to meet many different kinds of people.” A. identity B. satisfaction C.accomplishment D. diversity

13.(江苏省泰州市 2015·高三第一次模拟) —If offered a chance, I would be happy to set off .for Mars _______all mankind. —Sure, you would be a world hero and the pride of the Chinese! A. in honor of B. in memory of C. on behalf of D. on account of

14.(江苏省苏锡常镇四市 2015·高三教学情况调研)Though China?s GDP growth marked the slowest since 2009. It was still within the reasonable range set by policy-makers and expectation. A.in line with C.in conflict with B.in connection with D.in parallel with market

15.(2015· 湖北襄阳 1 月调研试题)The driver stopped his car so _____ that he was hit by the cab right behind him. A.impolitely B.violently C.abruptly D.cautiously

16. (2015· 江苏省连云港、 徐州、 淮安、 宿迁四市高三第一次调研)—Sharon, many experts believe that the two pictures are roughly ____. —I don't quite agree, The painting styles may look very similar but their painters were born in quite different dynasties. A. conventional B. contradictory C. contemporary D. conservative

17.(2015·江苏省苏锡常镇四市高三下学期教学情况调研)Though the college entrance exam is drawing near, study shouldn?t take up all of your time. It?s important to ______ some time for relaxation and hobbies as well. A.put away B.set aside C.lay down D.take off

18.(2015·安徽省江南十校高三上学期期末大联考)Good preparations should be made for a job interview, because first impressions really_______. A. count B. affect C. control D. consider

19.(2015· 江苏省泰州市高三第一次模拟)—I ______ to get a chance to discuss our homework with you. —OK. Let?s meet at seven o?clock tonight. A. wanted B. have wanted C. have been wanting D. had wanted

20.(2015· 江苏省苏锡常镇四市高三下学期教学情况调研)— Hi, Peter. Why didn't you go to the cinema last night? 一 I the popular show Dad, where are we going? with my family. B.have watched C.would watch D.had watched

A.was watching

第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 21-40 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最 佳选项,并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。 ( 2015· 新疆乌鲁木齐地区第一次诊断性测验) One Saturday, I went shopping with my daughter, Helen, and son, Brandon. The car was filled with the children?s laughing and singing. As we 21 up,we saw a truck with a big sign on it that 22 ??Petting Zoo.” The kids jumped up and asked,“Daddy,can we go?”“Sure, I said,giving them 23 a quarter(10 cents) before walking I needed.

into the shopping center.They ran away and I felt free to take my time looking for 24 There are a hundred little baby animals of all kinds in the

25 zoo. Kids pay their money and stay

there with the animals they like

26 their moms and dads shop.

Several minutes later I 27 and saw Helen walked along behind me. I was surprised to see she 28 to shop rather than play with the animals. And I thought the children had to wait till the parents came to 29 them up.I came up and asked what was wrong. She 30 at me with those big brown eyes and said sadly,??Well,Daddy,it cost 10 cents. So, I gave Brandon my 31 "Then she said the most 32 thing I ever heard. She repeated the family motto“33 is

action!" She had given Brandon her quarter ,and 34 loves little animals more than Helen. She had watched what both my 35 and I did four years around the house after we had said ”Love is

action!”. And now it had because a 36 of her lifestyle. Then we went back to the petting zoo. We stood 37 Brandon go crazy petting and feeding the animals.I had 10 cents 38 a hole in my pocket.I never 39 it to Helen and she never asked for it.

Because she knew the whole family 40:Love always pays. 21.A. drove 22. A. wrote 23.A.either 24.A.who 25.A. feeding 26.A. which 27.A. turned over 28.A. chose 29 .A. bring 30. A.1ooked up 31. A.pet 32. A.successful 33.A.trust 34.A.Anyone 35.A.wife 36.A.pile 37. A.seeing 38. A.digging B. drew B. said B. neither B. when B. caring B. while B. turned out B. checked B. put B. looked down B. coat B. beautiful B. understanding B. no one B. mother B. pair B. watching B. making C. dressed C. expressed C. each C .that C. petting C. where C. turned away C. hesitated C. pick C. looked through C. quarter C. harmful C. honesty C. every one C. father C. puzzle C. noticing C. burning D. dragged D. warned D. every D. what D. nursing D. whether. D. turned around D. refused D. wake D. looked over D. candy D. awful D. love D. someone D. children D. part D. feeling D. hiding

39.A.paid. 40.A.motto

B. delivered B. message

C. offered C. model

D. afforded D. matter

第二部分 阅读理解(第一节 20 小题,第二节 5 小题,满分 50 分) 第一节:阅读下列材料,从每题所给的四个选项( A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。 A (2015?山东省实验中学第一次诊断考试)It is widely acknowledged that it is by no means an easy task to bring up a child well. And our ancestors already understood it well. “It takes an entire village to raise a child. ”That?s an old proverb that is being quoted more and more often these days. And I?m pleased about that. Today,more and more schools are reaching out to involve parents, community members and businesses to help shape a child?s future. Parents need to be involved in their children?s education in many ways. Helping children with homework and studying,going on a field trip,teaching a craft(手工艺)or coaching a child's sports team are all great ways to be involved with your child's education. And don?t forget to communicate with teachers — they need and respect your input. Studies show that children learn more and schools function better when parents and schools work together. It?s important to stay in touch with your child's education all through his or her school career. Communities can help children create and achieve new goals. Help with homework, read to a child,coach a children's team,or provide emotional support. Help solve problems and build self-esteem( 自 尊 ).Kids need role models and advisers can be role models by sharing their experiences and wisdom. Businesses can also help shape our children?s future. invite a class from your local school to visit your workplace. You may be providing a glimpse that opens a new world of possibilities. Show students what goes on during a typical day. Give a mini course for students:how to use a computer; how products are made;how machinery works. You may have a developing electrician,teacher, nurse,or even a newspaper reporter on your hands. It really does take an entire village to raise a child. So share the responsibility— and the joy— of bringing a child to his or her full potential.

41. The implied advice in the proverb “It takes an entire village to raise a child. ” is that ____________. A. All the people in a village should give food to a child B. More than one party is responsible for a child?s future C. Children should be brought up in the village where they were born D. Schools should be set up in the village where a child was raised 42. According to the text,_____________ should talk with teachers to keep in touch with children?s growth? A. community members C. organizations B. businesses

D. parents

43. The text was written mainly for _______. A. newspaper reporters and developing electricians B. school teachers and students C. parents and members in organizations D. education experts and government officials 44. Students can get developed in practical working s kill through ___________. A. business training C. parental involvement B common activities

D. school teaching

45. Which of the following can be the main idea of idea text? A. Parents play an important part in children?s education. B. Communities have no effect on the way to new and high ideals. C. Parents and other organizations should all be responsible for children?s growth D. Businesses may arrange softie training courses for students.

B (2015?广州一模)At the start of the 20th century, a new city was beginning to grow on some flat land near the sea in southern California; its name was Los Angeles. At the same time, a new industry was just being born: the cinema. America?s movie industry began life in New York; but by 1910, movie-makers were moving to Los Angeles. In New York, everything was too expensive: workers, land, taxes. Moreover, it was

difficult to make movies in winter, because it was too cold. The Los Angeles region, on the other hand, was full of advantages. In California, they could make films all through the year; and everything was cheaper. In particular, there was lots of land for sale, especially in the Los Angeles suburb called Hollywood. Movies quickly became very popular, and this popularity exploded after “talkies” first appeared in 1925. Nevertheless, movies were expensive to produce, and film companies needed money-lots of it. For this reason, Hollywood rapidly became controlled by a small number of big companies such as MGM, 20th Century Fox, Warner Bros. and Paramount. Since then, the big companies? fortunes have ebbed and flowed, but most of them are still there. Some old names have disappeared, but some new ones have appeared, companies like Walt Disney and Steven Spielberg?s company Amblin. Today the biggest studios belong to huge international firms. For instance, News Corporation, which now owns Fox, also owns newspapers on three continents, and TV networks in America, Europe and Asia. It is only huge companies like Fox that can afford to make today?s very expensive films; and for Titanic-at the time the most expensive film ever mad-Fox had to get help from another big company, Paramount! Once Hollywood mad films just for America; today it makes them for the world. It?s the center of a global dream-machine. Perhaps we dreamed differently in the past. Today, thanks in part to Hollywood, people everywhere have similar dreams. We now live in the age of global culture. Hollywood did not invent this culture-but for better or for worse, it has become one of the most powerful elements in it. Like it or not, we all now live on planet Hollywood. 46. What attracted the film industry to Los Angeles? A. Cheaper costs and pleasant weather. B. More talented actors and mild climate. C. More skilled workers and plentiful land. D. Large movie companies and lower wages. 47. Why did a few companies come to control the American film industry? A. They were already experienced in film production. B. They were able to employ the most creative people.

C. These companies were the first to make talkie films. D. Small companies could not afford the film production costs. 48. The underlined “ebbed and flowed” in Paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to __________. A. improved rapidly C. remained very stable B. gone up and down D. worsened gradually

49. Which of the following is true about the Hollywood movie companies? A. They sometimes work together to produce movies. B. They produce expensive movies far less often than in the past. C. The same companies have controlled the industry for almost 100 years. D. There are many large companies competing against each other for success. 50. What does the writer think about the international influence of Hollywood? A. It has encouraged people to dream like Americans. B. It has made foreigners love American people more. C. It has become a driving force in shaping global culture. D. It has damaged the local film industry in other countries.

C (2015 年山东省师大附中高三第一次模拟考试)Right in front of the Minneapolis Central Library, a row of green bikes sits parked in a special stand. Each bike is designed with the logo“Nice Ride”—the name of the city?s bike-share program. Nice Ride bikes are a lot like the library books that people come here to borrow. To rent a bike, you simply use your membership card at a Nice Ride bike station. Members can rent one of 1,200 bikes from 138 stations throughout Minnesota's largest city. People use the Nice Ride bikes to go to work, to go out on business, or just to enjoy the city?s many bike paths. The rise of bike-share programs like Nice Ride is encouraging more people than ever to choose biking over driving. Rising gas prices and concerns about the environment have also gotten people to dust off their bike helmets, pump air into flat tires, and hit the road. Why ride? Not only is biking good exercise, but switching from a car to a bike also reduces the amount of pollution in the air. Carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas linked to climate change, is one of the many polluting substances that come out of a car's tall pipe. Bike-share systems are found around the world in cities like London, Paris, Barcelona, and Melbourne, Australia. The largest program-with 70,000 bikes-is in Wuhan, China. To make roads friendlier to non-motorists, the U. S. Department of Transportation has invested

more than a billion dollars in cycling and pedestrian projects in recent years. The money went toward building thousands of miles of on-street bike lanes and bike-and pedestrian-only passages called green ways. 51. If one wants to use the bike, it's a must to __________. A. give away a bicycle B. know Nice Ride well C. pay the cost in advance D. get a membership card 52. Which of the following can people do with the bikes? A. Earn a living. C. Compete in a race. A. benefits of biking C. methods to use the bikes B. Enjoy bikeways. D. Rent them out to others. B. pollution caused by cars D. ways to reduce pollution

53. Paragraph 4 is mainly about _______ .

54. Which of the following is true of Nice Ride? A. It will take the place of taxi companies. B. China has better public bike systems. C. It attracts more people to choose biking. D. The government lacks money to support it. 55. The author's purpose in writing this text is to _______ _. A. spread bike-share programs C. compare Nice Ride with libraries B. seek advice for Nice Ride D. introduce the public bike system

D (2015?浙江省温州高三第一次适应性测试) The term “Industry 4.0” refers to the fourth industrial revolution. The first industrial revolution was the production of goods with machines like steam engines, which was followed by the second industrial revolution that introduced mass production with the help of electric power, followed by the digital revolution — the use of electronics and IT in production. Industry 4.0 is a high-tech project, which promotes the computerization of manufacturing (制 造业). The basic principle of Industry 4.0 is that by connecting machines, work pieces and systems, we are creating intelligent networks along the entire value chain that can control each other automatically. The goal is the Smart Factory, which adapts well and uses resources efficiently as well as linking customers and business partners with great intelligence. Technological basis are the Internet systems and advanced factories. Experts believe that Industry 4.0 could be a reality in about 10 to 20 years.

So, what effects does this change have on the classic manufacturing? According to an expert, “it is highly likely that the world of production will become more and more networked until everything is connected with everything else.” Networks and processes have so far been limited to one factory. But in the time of Industry 4.0, the boundaries (界限) of individual factories will most likely no longer exist. Instead, they will be lifted in order to inter-connect multiple factories or even geographical regions. How is an Industry 4.0 factory different from a today?s factory? In current industry environment, providing high-end quality service or product with the least cost is the key to success. Factories are trying to increase their profit as much as possible. In the time of Industry 4.0, various data sources are available to provide worthwhile information about different aspects of the factory. Using data for understanding the current condition and checking faults and failures is a natural thing. The sharing of information around the clock and around the globe will enable these connected systems to manage themselves independently, work more efficiently and identify any errors quickly. The good news is that Europe is much better prepared for the Industry 4.0 revolution than one might think. Europe will position itself as a pioneer in the fourth revolution. Industry 4.0 is a project in the high-tech strategy of the German government. Meanwhile, in the U.S., some companies are also working hard on it. But the success of industry depends on whether business and politics can work together. It?s not only politics that needs to help open the door for Industry 4.0. Every company is advised to seize the new digital opportunities. 56. What marks the coming of Industry 4.0? A. Steam engines. B. Mass production. C. Use of electronics. D. Intelligent networks.

57. Industry 4.0 will probably result in ________ in the world of manufacturing. A. production limited to an individual factory B. everything connected with everything else C. networks and processes no longer existing D. classic factories stopping their competition

58. What?s the meaning of the underlined part in Para. 4? A. Sharing information of the world time. B. Global news broadcast at any time.

C. Instant worldwide information exchange. D. Spreading news widely on the hour. 59. According to the last paragraph, who is the most active in pushing Industry 4.0? A. The European companies. B. The American government.

C. The American companies.

D. The German government.

60. The writer?s attitude toward Industry 4.0 can best be described as ________. A. supportive B. negative C. doubtful D. cautious

第二节:下面文章中有 5 个段落需要添加首句(第 61-65 题) 。请从以下选项(A、B、C、D、 E、F)中选出适合各段落的句子,并在答案纸上将相应选项的标号涂黑。选项中有一项是多 余的。 (陕西省五校2015届高三第一次模拟联考) A. How inner beliefs can help B. Why are habits so important C. How to develop positive habits D. Improve your life E. You can do it F. Action plan The single most important factor that contributes to success is what you do every single day. It is as simple as that. Your habits will determine whether you are successful or not. If you have strong and healthy positive habits, it does not matter whether or not you fail today because you are guaranteed to succeed in the long run. 61. _________________________________ Because you repeat the same actions and the same behaviors every single day, a single positive action will not change your life, but the same action repeated 1,000 times will have a significant impact on your life. For example, if you go to the gym one time, you won?t see a big difference in your life. However, if you go to the gym 1,000 times over a five year period, you will see a big difference in your body. The same principle applies to finance, health, relationships, work, career, and school. Simple positive actions repeated every single day will have a great impact on your life in the long run. 62. _________________________________ There?s nothing easier than developing positive habits. You simply have to do every single day the action you want to make a habit. If you want to develop the habit of running, run almost every day. If you want to develop the habit of eating healthy, eat healthy every day. If you want to develop

the habit of reading, read every day. Habits are created by repetition. The more you do an action, the easier it becomes in the long run. 63.__________________________________ If you want to be successful in changing your habits, you should think about changing your inner beliefs about your habits. For example, your old belief was: “I love cigarette because it makes me feel good and relaxed. I need cigarette to be happy and relaxed.” If you keep this belief, you won?t be able to keep your resolution to stop smoking for very long. Instead, you should adopt this new belief: “I love yoga because it makes me feel good and relaxed. Cigarette is poisonous and destroys my body. Yoga makes me happy.” You should analyze your beliefs and make sure they won?t stop you from changing your habits. The same is true when you try to form positive habits. If you want to start eating healthy food, here are some positive beliefs you should start thinking about: “Healthy food is very good for my health. It gives me a lot of energy and I feel very good.” 64. ____________________________________ It?s now time for you to develop positive habits in your life and avoid your negative habits. Write down 3 positive habits that you would like to develop and 3 negative habits that you would like to get rid of. For each positive habit, write down exactly what actions you?re going to take every single day in order to develop the new habit. For each negative habit, write down exactly what actions you?re not going to take in the next weeks. Here are some positive habits that will lead to success: exercise, healthy food, reading, saving, studying, healthy relationships, hard work, etc.. Here are some negative habits to get rid of: gambling, drug and alcohol abuse, overeating, shyness, etc.. 65. _____________________________________ Everybody can change. All it takes is courage and commitment. Decide right now to improve your life by changing your habits. Take action right now! Don?t be afraid. Yes, you will probably make mistakes along the way. But never forget that success is guaranteed for you if you have positive habits in your life. If you refuse to quit, success will be yours.

非选择题部分(共 40 分) 第三部分:写作(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

下面短文中共有 10 处语言错误,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏子符号(∧) ,并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 (2015?山东省齐鲁名校教科研协作体 19 所名校高三上学期第一次调研考)The Big Bang Theory,one of the most popular comedy in America and even around the world these days,tell stories about four male scientists and a beautiful waitress. These scientists are smart in their fields,especially Sheldon.He has a real high IQ in physics and he is very bad at getting along with others. Fortunately, his roommate Leonard was very tolerant and always forgives him at every time Sheldon makes a mistake.The waitress,naming Penny,is a very easy-going and nice girl whom has a dream of becoming an actress. The comedy has gained popularity among people aged from 18 to 49.Its special and funny stories make people falling in love with it in short time.

第二节:书面表达(满分 30 分) (2015· 上海市闵行区高三第一次模拟)Write an English composition in 120 - 150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 假设你班要组织一次班会活动, 由你来策划, 请你简要谈谈你会确定什么主题、如何开展这 个活动, 这个活动有哪些意义。你的作文中应该包括: 1. 活动的主题; 2. 如何开展这个活动; 3. 开展这个活动的目的或意义。

2015 年高考仿真模拟试卷·浙江卷(五)

英语参考答案和解析
选择题部分 第一部分 第一节:单项填空 1.【答案】D 【命题立意】考查虚拟语气。 【解析】句意:—没有智能手机,人与人之间会走地更近。—嗯,似乎高科技使得人与人之 间关系疏远了。without?没有??,是含蓄条件,句子说的是与现在事实相反的情况,所以 句子的谓语动词应用/would/could/should/might+动词原形。故判断选 D。 2.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查虚拟语气的用法。

【解析】句意:—我非常感激在我掉入冰洞时救我生命的 Jason Coates 先生。—好了。要不是 哪位杰克逊从运河中把你拉出来的话,你将永远也见不到你的妻子 Christina。根据语境,对方 被救是过去的事实,但见不到他太太是与过去事实相反的假设,应用 would +have+过去分词 结构。故判断选 C。 3.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查情态动词的用法。 【解析】句意:—母亲!杰克打坏了一个杯子。—没关系,事端难免。will 指一定会发生的事 情,如:Fish will die without water 鱼儿离不开水。故判断选 C。 4.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查情态动词与虚拟语气。 【解析】句意:他们在那里一定玩得很开心, 否则不会在那里呆那么久。must have done 表示 对过去有把握的推测,他们一定在过去那时玩得很高兴。后面是否则他们就不会待这么长时间, 这里也是对过去的可能性的推测, 用 would\could +have done 结构。 5.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查情态动词的用法。 【解析】句意:万一今晚出席会议的任何人需要帮助,这是我的号码,请联系我。should 表示 “假如,万一” ,如:In case you need help,here’s my number 万一你需要帮助的话,这是我 的电话号码。故判断选 C。 6.【答案】D 【命题立意】考查定语从句。 【解析】句意:吸毒已经成为每个运动场的一部分,在那里运动员追求超越极限的成功。定 语从句中缺少地点状语,用 where。故选 D。 7.【答案】A 【命题立意】考查定语从句的用法。 【解析】句意:—你在哪里认识皮特的?—那是在我们打橄榄球的场地上。本题易误认为是 强调句型,注意若上下句谓语动词相同是强调句型,否则是定语从句。where 引导的是 pitch 的定语从句。故选 A。 8.【答案】A 【命题立意】考查定语从句。 【解析】句意:我期待你将来变成我们都为你感到自豪的人。此处考查的是介词与关系代词

连用引导定语从句。先根据短语 be proud of 因??而自豪。先行词为 someone,of 提到引导 词 whom 之前。故选 A。 9.【答案】D 【命题立意】考查同位语。 【解析】句意:通过握手,许多人传递一个信息:他们信任彼此。常见跟同位语的词有:fact; news; idea;word (消息); hope’ desire; thought 等。 10.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查名词性从句。 【解析】根据句子结构,doing 后面是一个宾语从句,而且引导词要做 find 的宾语,因此用 whatever 引导。 11.【答案】A 【命题立意】考查名词的用法。 【解析】句意:既然复制别人的模式是惯例,时装设计理事会最近已经敦促政府立法保护设 计者的权利。common practice 惯例,习惯作法。 practice 练习;standard 水平;sense 感觉, 意义;activity 活动。故判断选 A。 12.【答案】D 【命题立意】考查名词。 【解析】根据句意可知,我在大学里寻求的一种东西就是多样性,我想见到各种不同的人。 A. identity 身份; B. satisfaction 满意 C. accomplishment 成就 D. diversity 差异,多样性。由句 意和后句中 I want to meet many different kinds of people 可知,应选 D 项。 13.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查介词短语的用法。 【解析】句意:—如果提供机会,我将很高兴地动身代表全人类去火星。—当然,你将会成 为世界英雄和中国的骄傲。in honor of 以??为荣;in memory of 纪念;on behalf of 代表;on account of 因为,由于。故判断选 C。 14.【答案】A 【命题立意】考查介词短语的用法。 【解析】句意:尽管中国的 GDP 增长从 2009 年以来是最慢的。它仍然在政策制定者所设定 的范围内并与市场的期望值符合。in line with 符合,一致;in connection with 和??相连;in conflict with 和??冲突;in parallel with 与??平行。故判断选 A。

15.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查副词词义辨析 【解析】句意:这位司机突然急刹车,被后面的出租车追尾了。 impolitely 没礼貌地; violently 暴力地;abruptly 突然地;cautiously 谨慎小心地。 16.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查形容词的用法。 【解析】句意:—Sharon,许多专家相信两个图片差不多都是当代的。—我不同意。画画的风 格 看 起 来 类 似 但 画 家 出 生 在 不 同 的 朝 代 。 conventional 保 守 的 ; contradictory 传 统 的 ; contemporary 属同一时期的,同一时代的;conservative 矛盾的。故判断选 C。 17.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查动词短语的用法。 【解析】句意:尽管高考临近了,学习也不能占用你的全部时间。为放松和爱好流出一些时 间也是很重要的。set time aside for 为??留出时间。put away 放起来;lay down 放下;take off 脱下。故判断选 B。 18.【答案】A 【命题立意】考查动词辨析。 【解析】句意:求职面试之前要做好准备因为第一印象很重要。 count 重要,有价值;affect 影响;control 控制;consider 考虑,认为。故判断选 A。 19.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查时态的用法。 【解析】句意:—我一直在想得到一次和你一起谈论家庭作业的机会。—OK。我们今晚 7 点 见面好吗?根据语境,want 这个动作是从过去发生持续到现在并且仍然在进行的动作,应用 现在完成进行时, “have/has been doing” 。故判断选 C。 20.【答案】A 【命题立意】考查时态的用法。 【解析】句意:—你好,皮特。为什么你昨晚没去电影院?—我和我的家人一直在看热播剧 《爸爸去哪里了》 。表示过去一个时间段一直正在进行的动作或状态用过去进行时。故判断选 A。

第二节:完形填空

【文章综述】本文描述了父亲带两个孩子去购物时,孩子们要在宠物动物园玩,父亲就给了 每人 10 分,结果进园需要 10 分,姐姐就将自己的 10 分给了弟弟,这件事让父亲很感动。 21.【答案】A 【命题立意】考查动词。 【解析】 A. drove 开车, B. drew 牵引, C. dressed 穿衣, D. dragged 拖动。 动词短语 drive up 表示开车,根据前一句中提到车内充满了笑声可知,他们是开车去购物的,故选 A。 22.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查动词辨析。 【解析】在英语中,表示指示牌上的内容时,用动词 say,一般用 it (that) says,故选 B。 23.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查不定代词和副词的用法。 【解析】根据句意可知,是给每人 10 分,排出了 A、B 选项,短语 give sb sth 表示给某人某 东西,表示给每一个人时,在 sb 后用副词 each,every 没有副词词性,故选 C。 【易错警示】Either 表示两者选其一,neither 表示两者全否定。当用 each 的代词词性时,本 句应该是 giving each of them 10 cents。 24.【答案】D 【命题立意】考查宾语从句。 【解析】从句 what I needed 在句中作 look for 的宾语,引导词又要在从句中作动词 need 的宾 语,因此选 what,that 引导宾语从句时在从句中不充当语法成分,可以省略。 25.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查阅读推理。 【解析】空前有定冠词 the,说明前面已经提到过本动物园,那就是 petting zoo,故选 C。 26.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查时间状语从句。 【解析】根据句意表示,孩子们在动物园玩耍,这时他们的父母在购物,两个动作同时在进 行,因此用 while 引导时间状语从句。 【易错警示】which 引导定语从句或名词从句,where 引导地点状语从句,whether 引导定与从 句,名词从句,与 or not 连用引导状语从句。 27.【答案】D 【命题立意】考查动词短语。

【解析】A. turned over 翻阅,B. turned out 结果证明,C. turned away 走开, D .turned around 转身,根据句意,他转过身来发现孩子符合句意,故选 D。 28.【答案】A 【命题立意】考查动词。 【解析】A. chose 选择,B. checked 检查,C. hesitated 犹豫,D. refused 拒绝。根据句意她选 择购物,而不去同动物玩,这里表示在两种中选择其一,故选 A。 29.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查动词短语。 【解析】A. bring up 提出,养育,B. put up 举起, C. pick up 带上, D. wake up 醒来。根据 句意,父母购物完毕应该带着孩子离开,故选 C。 30.【答案】A 【命题立意】考查动词短语。 【解析】 A. looked up 向上看, B. looked down 向下看, C. looked through 浏览, D. looked over 查看,由于女儿很小,个子很低,对父母说话时应该是抬起头,因此选 A,表示抬头看 着父亲。 【易错警示】在 look through 和 look over 短语后不能再跟介词 at。 31.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查推理判断。 【解析】根据句意,父亲开始给了每一个孩子 10 分,而玩动物需要 10 分,因此女孩就将她 的 10 分,也就是 a quarter 给了男孩,故选 C。 32.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查形容词辨析。 【解析】A.successful 成功的, B. beautiful 美丽的,迷人的,C. harmful 伤害的,D. awful 可怕地。根据句意,姐弟两互相谦让,当然是一个最美好的事情了,故选 B。 33.【答案】D 【命题立意】考查推理判断。 【解析】由于本段后面提到了这一家训 love is action,故选 D。 34.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查不定代词。 【解析】根据句意,没有人更比 Helen 喜欢小动物了,因此用 no one 作主语。

【易错警示】如果用 anyone, every one , someone 作主语,说明 Helen 并不怎么喜欢动物,那么 同动物玩与不玩就无所谓了,这就体现不出她讲钱给了弟弟所表现出的大爱。 35.【答案】A 【命题立意】考查推理判断。 【解析】根据句意,孩子在家看到的就是父母的行动,也就是说父母的一言一行对孩子的影 响很大,因此这里应该是作者和他的爱人,故选 A。 36.【答案】D 【命题立意】考查名词。 【解析】A.pile 堆,B. pair 一对, C. puzzle 谜,D. part 一部分。根据句意,爱是行动已 经成为 Helen 生活方式的一部分符合语境,故选 D。 37.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查动词。 【解析】根据句意,我们站在那里观看着儿子玩耍,seeing 表示看到的结果,watching 表示有 目的地观看,noticing 表示注意到,feeling 表示感觉到,故选 B。 38.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查固定搭配。 【解析】固定搭配 burn a hole in pocket 意思为“花钱如流水” ,根据语境选 C。 39.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查动词。 【解析】A.paid 支付, B. delivered 投递,C. offered 提供,D. afforded 负担,这里的 it 表 示 Helen 的 10 分钱,动词 pay、afford 后一般不直接跟表示钱的名词或代词,而 deliver 与句 意不符,故选 C。 40.【答案】A 【命题立意】考查名词。 【解析】A.motto 格言, B. message 消息, C..model 典型, D. matter 事件,根据句意, 这里表示家训,故选 A。

第二部分 阅读理解 第一节 A

【文章导读】文章告诉我们孩子的成长需要家长与学校以及社会团体的共同配合。 41.【答案】B 【命题立意】推理判断题。 【解析】根据文章第二段的 Today,more and more schools are reaching out to involve parents, community members and businesses to help shape a child’s future 可知选 B。 42.【答案】D。 【命题立意】推理判断题。 【解析】 根据第第段的 It’ s important to stay in touch with your child's education all through his or her school career 可知选 D。 43.【答案】C 【命题立意】推理判断题。 【解析】通读全文,作者是以父母的身份告诉我们应该怎么样与学校配合教育好孩子,故此 推断作者应该是父母或某一组织的成员,故应选 C。 44.【答案】A。 【命题立意】判断题。 【解析】根据文章最后一段的判断选 A。 45.【答案】C 【命题立意】主旨题。 【解析】通读全文,孩子的成长需要家长与学校和社会团体的共同配合才能给孩子更好的教 育,故选 C。 B 【文章解读】本文主要介绍了 LA 的电影产业,从诞生到繁荣,以及对世界文化的影响。 46.【答案】A 【命题立意】考查细节辨认题。 【解析】根据第二段中 In New York, everything was too expensive 以及 Moreover, it was difficult to make movies in winter, because it was too cold 可知 A 正确。 47.【答案】D 【命题立意】考查细节辨认题。 【解析】根据第四段 Nevertheless, movies were expensive to produce, and film companies needed money-lots of it 可知电影被大公司垄断的原因是小公司承担不起制作电影的费用。故选 D。

48.【答案】B 【命题立意】考查词义推断题。 【解析】根据上下文判断可知前后是转折关系,所以这里的意思是逐渐消退。故选 B。 49.【答案】A 【命题立意】考查推理判断题。 【解析】 根据倒数第三段中 and for Titanic-at the time the most expensive film ever mad-Fox had to get help from another big company, Paramount 可知好莱坞的电影公司会互相合作。故选 A。 50.【答案】C 【命题立意】考查细节辨认题。 【解析】根据最后一段中 We now live in the age of global culture. Hollywood did not invent this culture-but for better or for worse, it has become one of the most powerful elements in it 可知选 A。 C 【文章综述】文章主要讲述了美国公共自行车项目。人们可以通过办理会员卡使用公共自行 车, 以及这种绿色出行方式的优点。 51.【命题立意】细节理解题 【解析】根据第二段第二句 you simply use your membership card at a Nice Ride bike station. 可 知, 选 D。 52.【答案】B 【命题立意】细节理解题 【解析】根据第二段最后一句 People use the Nice Ride bikes to go to work, to go out on business, or just to enjoy the city’s many bike paths. 注意选项 B 享受自行车道。而文中说的是 enjoy the city’s many bike paths. 注意修饰词。 53.【答案】A 【命题立意】段落大意题 【解析】从该段第一句的 Why ride?和后面的内容可知, 讲述的是骑自行车的优点。 54.【答案】C 【命题立意】细节理解题 【解析】根据第三段第一句 The rise of bike-share programs like Nice Ride is encouraging more people than ever to choose biking over driving 鼓励更多的人选择骑自行车出行而不是开车。 55.【答案】D

【命题立意】主旨大意题 【解析】根据首段及文章内容主要介绍了 bike-share program.注意 A 文中是提到了, 但并不是 文章的写作目的。

D 【文章综述】本文主要介绍工业 4.0 所代表的的含义并与当今的工厂进行对比。 56.【答案】D 【命题立意】细节理解题 【解析】根据文中第一段最后一句可知,数字化的改革,智能的网络标志着工业 4.0 的到来。 57.【答案】B 【命题立意】细节理解题 【解析】由文中第二段前两句可知,工业 4.0 是一个高科技的项目,促使着整个制造业的网络 化。 58.【答案】C 【命题立意】句意理解题 【解析】根据上文提到的使用当前的数据以及核查错误是一件很正常的事情。因此目前全球 信息交换将使这些有所相联的系统更好的运作。 59.【答案】D 【命题立意】细节理解题 【解析】根据文中最后一段 Industry 4.0 is a project in the high-tech strategy of the German government.可知,选项 D 正确。 60.【答案】A 【命题立意】推理判断题 【解析】纵览全文作者主要介绍工业 4.0 的含义以及所带来的的利益,故推知是支持的态度。

第二节 【文章综述】本文主要讲述了积极的习惯养成的重要性以及如何养成积极地行为习惯。 61. 【答案】B 【命题立意】归纳总结题 【解析】本段主要讲述了讲一个简单的事情反复做就会养成一种习惯,一旦积极的习惯养成

之后,虽然不会改变你的生活,但是对你的生活有很大的影响,故选 B。 62. 【答案】C 【命题立意】归纳总结题 【解析】本段主要讲了积极习惯的训练方法,就是每天坚持做。 63. 【答案】A 【命题立意】细节理解题 【解析】根据句中 you should think about changing your inner beliefs about your habits 一句可知 选 A。 64. 【答案】F 【命题立意】归纳总结题 【解析】文中谈到要发展积极的习惯,避免消极的习惯,首先要列一个清单,积极的习惯是 什么,怎么做,做什么,消极的习惯是什么,不应该做什么,总之,这就是一个习惯的训练 计划,故选 F。 65. 【答案】E 【命题立意】归纳总结题 【解析】本段主要是增强信心,鼓励大家行动起来,坚持去做,因此选 E。

非选择题部分 第三部分:写作 第一节:短文改错 The Big Bang Theory,one of the most popular comedy in America and even around the world comedies these days,tell stories about four male scientists and a beautiful waitress. tells These scientists are smart in their fields,especially Sheldon.He has a real high IQ in physics really and he is very bad at getting along with others.Fortunately,his roommate Leonard was very but is

tolerant and always forgives him a﹨t every time Sheldon makes a mistake.The waitress,naming named

Penny,is a very easy-going and nice girl whom has a dream of becoming an actress. who The comedy has gained popularity among people aged from 18 to 49.Its special and funny stories make people falling in love with it in ∧short time. fall a

1. 【答案】comedy—comedies 【命题立意】考查名词单复数。 【解析】此处短语 one of 后接可数名词复数形式,故改为 comedies。 2. 【答案】tell—tells 【命题立意】考查主谓一致。 【解析】该句主语为 The Big Bang Theory 是单数名词,故谓语用第三人称单数。 3. 【答案】real—really 【命题立意】考查形容词和副词。 【解析】根据上下文语境可知此处修饰形容词 high,应用副词形式。 4. 【答案】and—but 【命题立意】考查连词。 【解析】根据上下文语境可知,他智商很高但是和其他人相处的不好。前后为转折关系,故 用 but。 5. 【答案】was—is 【命题立意】考查时态。 【解析】由上下文时态可知应用一般现在时态。 6. 【答案】去掉 at 【命题立意】考查介词。 【解析】表示事件的名词前有不定代词 every,some,last 等修饰时做状语,不需要加介词。 every time 意为“每次”。 7. 【答案】naming—named 【命题立意】考查非谓语动词。 【解析】根据语境,此处动词 name 作定语,与所修的主语 The waitress 之间为被动关系,故 用过去分词。

【易错警示】此处学生易误以为主动关系,翻译为“叫什么”。类似的还有动词 call: The boy called Tom is my friend. The boy is called Mingming by his father. 8. 【答案】whom—who 【命题立意】考查定语从句。 【解析】此处先行词 girl 为人,且关系代词在从句中做主语,故用 who 不用 whom。 9. 【答案】falling—fall 【命题立意】考查非谓语动词。 【解析】分析上下文可知此处使役动词 make 后接 fall 短语做宾语补足语,表整件事情,需用 不带 to 的不定式。 10. 【答案】in 后加 a 【命题立意】考查冠词。 【解析】in a short time 意为“在很短时间内”,为固定搭配。

第二节:书面表达 Suppose I?m a monitor of our class, I want to organize a topic class meeting through activity about our parents, for they are too tired every day and love us deeply, but we often ignore it. As everyone knows, we are students who should study hard every day but studying is not the only thing of our life. Our parents have tried their best to bring us up and we should know more about them and do something for them. Before holding the class meeting, I propose everyone of us should do a thing that can move your parents and observe what your parents do and how hard they are. Each shall write your mental feeling about what you do and what you see. We will exchange our feeling at the next class meeting and I think we will love our parents much more deeply. Thus we will express our thanks to our parents. 【思路点拨】 本文是应用文,要求学生就主题班会的内容和目的,故应用一般现在时和第 一人称。 文章使用了一般现在时盒一般将来时等,且使用得当,足见作者语言功底。文中使用了 分词短语 for 引导并列句,who 引导的定语从句,before doing 作状语,what 引导的宾语从句, studying 做主语等;高级词汇 exchange,propose,ignore 等;内容要点覆盖全面,基础语法、 词汇、句型应用得当,堪称佳作。


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