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七年级上英语Unit 1 Making friends


Unit 1

Making friends

1. write to sb. about sth. 就某事写信给某人 write down 写下 write to sb. 写信给某人 hear from sb. = get a letter from sb.收到某人来信 2. match??with 把??和??匹配 13. on the Internet 在网上,通过网络 4. tell sb sth. 告诉某人某事 14. in the middle 在中间 5. welcome to sp. 欢迎来到某地 15.reply to = answer 回复 6. live with 与??一起生活 16.in the future 在将来 live in 居住在?? 17.take / do sports 做运动;做锻炼 7. close to= near 接近,离??近 18.less than 少于,不到 8. be good at doing sth. 擅长做某事 19. on October 12th 在十月 12 日 9. make friends with sb. 与??交朋友 20. an honest boy 一个诚实的男孩 10. all over the world=every country in the half an hour 半小时 world 22. in spring/ summer 11. be far away from 离??远 23. on 12th October 在十月 12 日 12. talk about= discuss 谈论 24. be keen on = be interested in 对...感兴趣 25.a boy called / named Tom talk to sb 对某人说话 a city called / named Shenzhen talk with sb. 与某人交谈 26. too, either, also 均表示“也” 。但是 too 用于肯定句末,also 用于肯定句中, either 用于否 定句末。 27. hope to do sth. =want to do sth.想要做某事= would like to do sth. = feel like doing sth 28. look at = have / take a look at 看一看 look ...up (在词典里)查阅 look them up 查阅它们 look up the words 查查这些单词 29. speak Chinese / English 说汉语/英语 in Chinese / English 用汉语/英语 30. like doing sth.= enjoy doing sth.= be fond of doing sth.喜欢做某事 1. My favourite hobby is playing chess. = I like playing chess best. What’s your favourite sport? = Which sport do you like best?( Which sport do you prefer, cycling or swimming?) 2. They are from Beijing. = They come from Beijing. Tom is from America. = Tom comes from America. 3. He walks to school every day. = He goes to school on foot every day. by bus= in a bus 乘公共汽车 go to??by?? 乘坐??去?? 4. Sandy works as a doctor in London. = Sandy is a doctor in London. 5. What do you do? = What are you? = What's your job? 你做什么工作? What does your father do? = What is your father? = What's your father's job? 6. Tom is keen on sports. = Tom is interested in sports. 7.It takes sb. st.(时间) to do sth. 某人花时间做某事。= sb. spend st. (in) doing sth. It takes me two hours to do my homework every day.我每天花两小时做作业。 = I spend two hours doing my homework every day. 8. would like to do sth. = want to do sth. = feel like doing sth. 想要做某事. I would like to be engineer. = I want to be engineer. 9.通常以 ly 结尾的词是副词,但 friendly, lovely, lonely, lively 及 friendly 是形容词; “对某人友好”用 be friendly to sb. = be good/ nice to sb. make friends with sb. 与某人交朋友

10.写信 开头语: I am very glad to hear from you. Thank you for your letter. I haven’t written to you for a long time. How I miss you. 结尾语 Best wishes to you! I hope to hear from you soon.(hope to do sth.) I’m looking forward to hearing from you soon.(look forward to doing sth.) 落款签名 Yours Your truly Yours sincerely Ⅱ. 语法: 1.疑问词的用法 以疑问代词 what, who, whom, whose, which 或疑问副词 when, where, why, how 等放 在句首提问的句子,叫特殊疑问句。答句必须针对问句中的疑问词来回答。 疑问代词: what 用于对句子的主语、宾语、表语提问。用于提问“事情、东西” ,还可以提问“姓名、 职业、时间”等。 What would you like to eat today? What’s your brother? = What did your brother do? = what’s your brother’s job? Who, whom, whose 只能指人,who“谁” ,常作主语,whom“谁” ,常作宾语,whose“谁 的” ,常作定语或表语。Who 可用来代替 whom,但前面有介词时只能用 whom(To whom did you give the book?) Who taught you English last year? Whose father works in Beijing? which 用来询问人或物,一般有特定的选择范围。Which is your sister of the two girls? 2. when, where, why, how 分别对时间、地点、原因和方式。 When did you arrive here? 你什么时候到这里的? Where were you last night? 你昨晚在哪里? Why were you late again? 你怎么又迟到了? How do you go to school? 你怎样上学的? 注: when 与 what time 的区别: when 指的是大体的时间, what time 询问的是具体的时间。 而 --What time shall we meet? -- At ten o’clock. --When shall we meet? --Tomorrow. 3. how many 用于询问“多少” ,且后面接可数名词复数。how much 用于提问“多少” ,后 面接不可数名词,也可对“钱”提问。 --How many students are there in your class? --There are 50 students in our class. --How much time do we still have? --We have 15 minutes. 4. how old 用于提问年龄“多大岁数” --How old is your sister? ; --She is 14 years old. how long 用于提问时间或长度“多长时间,长度多长” ,回答用“for+一段时间” ; --How long will you stay here? --I’ll stay here for two days. how soon 用于提问时间“还要多久” ,回答用“in+一段时间” ; how far 提问距离“有多远”

--How far is it from your home to the school? --It is two kilometers away. how often 用于提问频率“多长时间一次” 。 5. how+形容词= what+名词 long 长的 length 长,长度 tall/high 高的 height 高,高度 How old are you? = What is your age? How tall are you? = What is your height? How long is the table? = What’s the length of the table?

old 年老的 age 年龄

二、冠词 不定冠词:a 和 an 两个 泛指“一”的概念,但并不强调数量,只表示名词为不特定者,且仅用在单数可数名词 前。 a 用于发音以辅音音标(不是以辅音字母)开头的单词前面;an 用于发音以元音音标 (不是元音字母)开头的单词前面。 My mother is a doctor. My father is an engineer. This is a useful book. He is a European. an hour an honour 一种荣誉 He is an honest man. He is from a university. There is an “l” in the word “leg”. (a, e, i, o, f, h, l, m, s x ,n, r, ,) (useful, university, European 与 a 连用; honest, hour, honour 与 an 连用) 表示“一” ,用于可数名词的单数形式前。 The company needs a worker. 表示“一类” ,指一类人或事物,用在可数名词单数前。 An elephant is bigger than a cat. 某示“某一个” ,不具体指明是何人何物。 A teacher wants to see you. 表示“每一” We work five days a week. ,You should take the medicine three times a day. 。 表示“第一次提到” ;首次提到人或物,但不特别指明是哪一个 there was a king. 用于固定词组中: a few 一些(可数名词), a little 一些(不可数名词) a lot of 许多, a great deal of 大量, a moment ago 刚才, after a while 过了一会儿, a piece of 一片, have a cold 感冒, have a try 试一试 in a word 总之, in a hurry 匆忙地 quite a nice dog 相当好的一只小狗, such a sunny day 如此晴朗的一天 定冠词 the, 可修饰可数名词单数和复数,也可修饰不可数名词。 1. 用来表示世界上独一无二的事物。 例如: the earth (地球) the sun (太阳) the moon (月亮) 2. 用来表示前面已经提到过的人或事物。例如: Last night, I read a book. The book was very interesting. 昨晚我读了一本书。这本书非常有趣。 A girl stands under a tree. The girl is Mary. 一个女孩站在一棵树下。这个女孩是 Mary。 3. 用在序数词等前 定冠词用在序数词前,也用在表示序列的 next, last 等前,还有在表示“同一”或“唯一”等的 词前。 例:The first man to land on the moon is an American. 第一个登上月球的人是美国人。 This may be the last chance. 这可能是最后一次机会。 If I miss this train,I'll catch the next one. 如果赶不上这趟火车,我就赶下一趟。

He is the only person who knows the secret. 他是唯一一个知道这个秘密的人。 4. 用在表示乐器名词前,表示演奏 例:She can play the piano. 她会弹钢琴。 He plays the violin very well. 他小提琴拉得很好。 He played the guitar for the children. 他给孩子们弹了吉他。 不用冠词(或称零冠词)的情况 1. 专有名词前不用冠词 专有名词前不用定冠词,包括人名、地名、月份、周日、季节、 节日等。 例: in January on Monday In spring at New Year’s Day 2. 在一日三餐(have breakfast / lunch / supper )的名词以及球类、 (乐器类要用!) 学科、 棋类 !、 语言的名词前不用冠词 例: He plays football after school. 他放学后踢足球。 He is good at playing chess. 他象棋下得好。 They play cards on Sundays. 他们常有星期天打牌。 Chemistry is not easy to learn. 化学不容易学。 Can you speak Japanese? 你会说日语吗? We have Chinese and maths in the morning. 我们上午学习语文和数学。 3. 某些交通工具名称前不用冠词 by train 乘火车(=on a train) by ship 乘船(=on a ship) by taxi 乘出租车(= in a taxi) by bike 骑自行车 (=on a bike) by plane 乘飞机(=on a plane) by bus 乘公交车 (=on a bus) by car 乘小汽车(=in a car) on foot 步行 4. 名词前有物主代词( my, your, our, their )、指示代词( this, thst )、不定代词( some, any, each, every )、疑问代词( whose, which )或名词所有格( Tom's, the girl's )时,不可再加冠词。 例: This is a my book. (误) This is my book. (正) The Tom’s mother is a doctor. (误) Tom’s mother is a doctor. (正) 三、连词 and, but, so 的用法 (and”和”表并列, but”但是”表转折, so”所以”表结果)。 and 用来连接具有并列或对称结构的词或句子,意为“和,及,并,又” 。 如: I have short black hair and brown eyes. My name is Simon and my Chinese name is Li Peichun. 注:祈使句+and, and 意为“那么” ,表示结果; 祈使句+or, or 意为“否则” 。 Be careful, and you will do better.仔细些,你就会做得更好。 Work harder, and you’ll pass the exam. Work harder, or you’ll miss the exam. but 表转折,意为“可是,但是” 。 如: She sings well but she cannot dance. 注:I am sorry, but? 对不起,?? I am sorry, but I have to look after my mother. so 表因果关系,意为“所以,因此” 。 如: It is near my house, so I can walk to school. He was ill, so he didn’t go to school. 注:because 与 so 不能同时使用。 此外:so 也可表示: “如此地” ,后面加形容词或副词原级 so fast so??that 如此??以致

测试题
一、从 A、B、C、D 选项中选出最合适的冠词填空: (20 分) ( )1. John is honest boy. A. some B. the C. a D. an ( )2. At age of 18, my brother joined the army. A. the B. an C. a D. / ( )3. English is useful language. A. a B. an C. the D. / ( )4. English doctor is old man. A. The, the B. The, an C. An, the D.An, an ( )5. Mr. and Mrs. Xie often go for walk after supper. A. a, / B. a, the C. the, / D.the, a ( )6. There are sixty minutes in hour. A. an B. the C. a D. / ( )7.This is interesting book and it is also useful book. A. an,an B. an,the C. an,a D. a,a ( )8. Before supper, I always play football. A. a,the B. the, / C. /,/ D. /,the ( )9. Beijing is beautiful city. It's capital of China. A. a,a B. the,the C. a,an D. a,the ( )10. There is old man under tree. A. an,the B. the,a C. a,the D. an,/ ( )11. Can you see sun at night? A. the,the B. the, / C. a,the D. /,/ ( )12. I have uncle. He is officer. A. a, an B. a, the C. an, an D. an, the ( )13. Englsih is useful language in the world. A. An, an B. The, a C./, a D. A, / ( )14. There's "s" in the word and "s" is the first letter of the word. A. a, the B. a, an C. a, a D. an, the ( )15. Last Sunday we had good time in the park. A. the B. a C. / D. an ( )16. moon moves round earth. A. The, an B. A, the C. The, the D. a, an ( )17. They often play football on Sunday. A. the, the B./, / C. a, a D. the, a ( )18. His father is ______English teacher. He works in our school. A. a B. an C. the D. / ( )19. This is ______orange bike. A. a B. an C. / D. the ( )20. Look, there's _______old man over there. Who's_____old man? A. a , the B. the , a C. an , the D. the , an


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