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四级听力原文,选词填空,翻译及作文参考答案


1.Woman: When was the last time you dusted the apartment? Man: When was the last time my mother came over? Question: What does the man imply? 2.Woman: Hurry up Mark, there’s a bus coming now. Man: Why run? There’ll be another one in 2 or 3 minutes. Question: What does the man mean? 3.Man: Laura, it seems that you are up to your neck in work, how come you’ve been so busy? Woman: Ms Smith has asked for a sick leave, and I have to take over her work for a couple of days. Question: What do we learn about the woman? 4.Woman: Washing dishes at the cafeteria every day is really boring. Man: Why don’t you quit and deliver the flowers with me? Question: What does the man suggest the woman do? 5.Woman: Rod, you said you’d take this package to the post office yesterday. Man: Oh, no, it must have slipped my mind. Question: What do we learn about the man from the conversation? 6.Man: I’m not surprised that you didn’t like that movie. I find it really scary myself. Woman: So did I. I don’t care much for horror movies as a rule. Question: What do we learn from the conversation? 7.Man: My life experience tells me that love is filled with happiness but it hurts you too. Woman: Your words remind me of the saying honey is sweet but the bee stings. Question: What do we learn from the conversation? 8.Man: How many more chairs should I bring in for the forum, six or seven? Woman: Bring in all you can find. I’m expecting at least 20 participants. Question: What are the speakers talking about? 1.B He has not cleared the apartment since his mother’s visit. 2.C They might as well take the next bus. 3.C She has to do extra work for a few days. 4.A change her job. 5.D He failed to do what he promised to do. 6.B The woman does not like horror films. 7.C The speakers share a common view on love. 8.A Preparations for a forum. Conversation 1 Man: Do you think there's discrimination against women in England today? Woman: Certainly, and not just in education and work either, in many other fields as well. The tax situation for women is very unfair, for example. Man: Are women better off in other countries then? Woman: It depends on the country. There's certainly much less discrimination in Scandinavia, and maybe in America, too. Man: Do you think the position of English women will improve? Woman: In some ways it will of course. I'm sure more women will go out to work in the next 20 years. But the women have a much greater problem than this to solve. Man: What's that?

Women: The problem of men's attitudes. We can earn more money in the future, but I'm not sure we can change men' attitudes. You see, most men really think that women are inferior. Maybe we are physically weaker, but I don't think this means we are inferior. Then there's another problem. Man: Yes? Women: The problem of women's attitudes. Lots of women are unhappy with their present situation, but most of them probably don't want to fight for change. It could be that the women's liberation movement has to spend more time changing women's attitudes than it spends in changing men's. Man: One last question, some supporters of the woman's liberation movement believed that marriages should be abolished. You agree? Women: No, I don't. It can't happen. What may and should happen is that we teach men to spend more time looking after children and doing housework. 9. Where are women said to be less discriminated against? 10. What will happen in England in 20 years according to the conversation? 11. What does the woman think the women's liberation movement should do? Conversation 2 Man: Cheers, Shirley Women: Cheers, Paul. What a lovely place for a business lunch. I hope I can concentrate in this heat. Man: I will sure you will when I tell you about my ideas. Woman: You know, I must say I was pleased to hear from you, but from what you said on the phone, everything is so sudden. Man: Well, my father-in-law, who is also the managing director of Jayal Motors, has given me two weeks to prepare a report on the possibility of moving into the export market. Woman: Ah, now, just one thing Paul. Have you really thought the whole idea through? Man: Of course I have. Woman: Now the key thing in the whole operation is to get a good import agent, and you say the bank will help? Man: I'm almost sure of it. Woman: Preliminary studies are very good, Paul. But if the product can't sell, then there's little use in expanding the factory. Man: Yes, I realize that, Shirley. But we have a very good product. The chief designer has just completed a new improved model. Woman: I know your bikes have a very good reputation here, but you have to build up a reputation and mark it in Africa. Man: Yes, of course. But the immediate problem is that my father-in-law wants a detailed report by next Monday. Two weeks isn't enough time to prepare a report, so I need your help. Woman: OK, Paul, you've convinced me. I must say I admire your determination. 12. Where does the conversation most probably take place? 13. What do we learn about the men's father-in-law? 14. What does the woman think is important in the whole operation? 15. What does the woman admire in the man? Passage 1 Scientists know how twins were born, now though, they are trying to explain how being half of

the biological pair influences a twin’s identity. They want to know why many identical twins make similar choices even when they don’t leave near each other. For example, Jim Springer and Jim Louis are identical twins. They were separated when they were only 4 months old. The two Jims grew up in different families and did not meet for 39 years. When they finally met, they discovered some surprising similarities between them. Both men were married twice, their first wives were named Linda, and their second wives were both named Betty. Both twins named their first sons James Allen. Scientists want to know what influences are personality. They study pairs of identical twins who grew up in different surroundings, like Jim Springer and Jim Louis. These twins help scientists understand the connection between environment and biology. Researchers at the University of Minnesota, studies 350 sets of identical twins who did not grow up together. They discovered many similarities in their personalities. Scientists believed that personality characteristics such as friendliness, shyness and fears are not result of environment. These characteristics are probably inherited. Scientists continue to study identical twins because they are uncertain about them and have many questions. For example, they want to know‘can twins really communicate without speaking’, ‘can one twin really feel another twin’s pain’. Perhaps with more research, scientists will find the answers. 16. What are scientists trying to explain according to the passage? 17. What do we learn about the twin Jims? 18. Why are scientists interested in studying identical twins raised in different families? Passage 2 Today I’ m going to talk about tents. Camping is still one of the cheapest ways of having a holiday. And each year, over 3 million people take camping vocations, either here in Britain or aboard, mostly on the continent. Obviously, camping can’t be as comfortable as living in a permanent house, but modern tents can be very comfortable indeed, with windows, bedrooms, kitchens and sitting rooms. The most popular tent sold in Britain is the frame tent with 2 bedrooms and sleeping accommodation for 4 people. There is usually an outer tent of water-proofed fabric and a lighter inner tent or tents with a built-in ground sheet. The outer tent fits over the frame work. This is made of metal poles which are fitted together. The inner tent is attached to this frame. Generally, the inner tent is about half the area of the outer tent. The other half of the outer tent is the living area. This doesn’t usually have a ground sheet but you can buy one to fit, though it costs extra. The ordinary 4 bed frame tent doesn’t usually have a separate kitchen area, but the larger ones often do. You can buy a kitchen extension for many tents, and it’ s worth buying one if you plan to stay camping in one place for more than a few days. 19. What does the speaker say about camping? 20. What does the passage tell us about the most popular tent sold in Britain? 21. What does the speaker suggest buying if you plan to stay camping in one place for more than a few days? Passage 3 Andorra, one of the smallest countries in the world, is located high in the mountains between France and Spain. The country covers only 179 square miles. That is less than half the size of New York City. High, rocky mountains surround Andorra. Until the 1930s, travelers had difficulty in reaching the country. Up until that time, people in Andorra lived in the way they had lived for centuries. Most Andorrans worked as farmers. Things did not change quickly. When roads were

built from France and Spain to Andorra in the 1930s, life picked up speed. Tourist began to visit the small country. These tourists brought in a lot of money to spend while visiting. Many people in Andorra found new jobs in shops or hotels. These changes helped to keep young people in Andorra. There were many more jobs than before the roads were built. Today tourists provided 80 to 90 percent of Andorra’ s income. More than a million people visit each year. They come to view the rough mountains. They enjoy the quiet way of life. Most people are also interested in the ancient buildings. There are many shops for tourists to browse in, clothes, watches, wines and other items are sold at low prices in Andorra. Import fees are low, so tourists enjoy the inexpensive shopping. Most of the businesses in Andorra are owned by its citizens. There are not many foreign businesses. Some Andorrans still farm and raise sheep and cattle. But most are now involved with the tourist trade. 22. How big does the speaker say Andorra is? 23. What can be said about Andorra before the 1930s? 24. What event changed the situation in Andorra? 25. What do most people do in Andorra do nowadays? Dictation Compound Dictation Don’t take may English courses, they won’t help you get a decent job. Sign up for management classes, so you will be ready to join the family business when you graduate. Sound familiar? Many of us have heard suggestions like these put forward by parents or others close to us. Such comments often seem quite reasonable. Why then should suggestions like these be taken with caution? The reason is they relate to the decisions you should make. You are the one who must live with their consequences. One of the worst reasons to follow a particular path in life is that other people want you to. Decisions that affect your life should be your decisions. Decisions you make after you’ ve considered various alternatives and chosen the path that suits you best. Making your own decisions does not mean that you should ignore the suggestions of others. For instance, your parents do have their own unique experiences that may make their advice helpful and having participated in a great deal of your personal history. They may have a clear view of your strength and weaknesses. Still, their views are not necessarily accurate. They may still see you as a child, and need care and protection. Or they may see only your strength or in some unfortunate cases, they may focus only on your flaws and shortcomings. People will always be giving your advice, ultimately, though you have to make your own judgments. 26. familiar 27. put forward 28. caution 29. live with 30. alternatives 31. ignore 32. participated 33. in need of 34. Focus only on 35. Judgments

阅读(选词填空)36. N. survey 37. O. traces 38. I. products 39. K. released 40. J. ranging 41. M. simple 42. H. necessarily 43. L. shocked 44. C. belong 45. B. average 【翻译原文】 越来越多的中国年轻人正在对旅游产生兴趣, 这是近年来的新趋势。 年轻游客数量的不 断增加,可以归因于他们迅速提高的收入和探索外部世界的好奇心。随着旅行多了,年轻人 在大城市和著名景点花的时间少了, 他们反而更为偏远的地方所吸引。 有些人甚至选择长途 背包旅行。 最近调查显示, 很多年轻人想要通过旅行体验不同的文化、 丰富知识、 扩展视野。 【参考译文】 More and more Chinese young people are interested in tourism, which is a new trend recently. The rising number of young tourists can be attributed to their rapidly increasing income and the curiosity of exploring the outside world. As travel growing, young people spend less time in big cities and famous scenic spots, instead they are more attracted by remote areas. Some even choose long-distance backpacking trip. A recent survey shows that via traveling, many young people want to experience different culture, enrich knowledge and expand their horizon. 【翻译原文】 中国的互联网社区是全世界发展最快的。2010 年,中国约有 4.2 亿网民(netizens),并且 人数还在迅速增长。 互联网的日渐流行带来了重大的社会变化。 中国网民往往不同美国网民。 美国网民更多的是受实际需要的驱使,用互联网为工具发电子邮件、买卖商品、规划旅程或 付款。中国网民更多是出于社交原因使用互联网,因而更广泛地使用 QQ、聊天室等。 【参考译文】 China’s Internet community develops fastest all over the world. There were nearly 420 million netizens in china in 2010, and the number is still getting larger and larger. The increasing popularity of the Internet has created a significant social change. The chinese netizens are different from the American netizens. American netizens are more driven by the real necessity, and they use the Internet to send emails, do some shopping, make a travel plan or make a payment. However, chinese netizens use the Internet mainly out of the social intercourse , so the chat rooms and QQ are widely used by them . 作文 A classmate of yours who has influenced you most in college. 【参考范文】 一、I have met so many friends in mycollege life. They have exerted enormous influence on my life. However, one ofmy most impressive friends is myroommate, Li Ming. In the class meeting on the first day of school, Li Ming did not impress us at all. We startedto notice him because he was always latefor classes. We were thus impressedby his laziness. I came to know himand his situation because we were roommates and spent much time together:

hismother was seriously ill and sick abed in long-term, his fatherleft him and his mother mercilessly.Hence, it was him that shoulderedthe heavy burden of taking care of his sick mother supporting the whole family. Finally, under great pressures, hebalanced his life and study perfectly: he wasno longer always late, took good care of his mother and even won the scholarship many years in a row. The experience of Li Ming can be one of the most convincing cases of thepower of persistence and will. He left adeep impression and imposed a durable influence on me.Indeed, friend suchas him can be regarded as asset andproperty in our life. We have rights to choose our own friends, but we should also be prudent and sensible enough tochoose friends who can bring us“positive energy”. (228 words) 二、The Most Impressive Campus Activity 新东方名师刘杨 Every university offers numerous kinds of activities to enrich students’ extracurricular life. As one of the young college students, I have benefited a lot from all of these well-organized activities, but the one impressing me most is the debate competition which I took part in last year. That was a debate competition between different majors and the topic was about theoretical knowledge versus practices. What mattered most is not the result of the debate, but gathering background information and practicing the process of debate. Also, no individual could accomplish the challenging task all by herself or himself, so joint efforts have played a significant role in winning the competition. Team spirit and co-operation has been improved a lot and I believe this is more precious than winning or losing. To be brief, we should participate in more campus activities, not only can we get a better understanding of what we have learnt before, but also make new friends and discover our interests. 三、The Most Impressing Course in My College Life 印象最深的一门课 新东方名师赵子凌 During the two years of college life, I have attended many special courses, among which the most impressed one is psychology. I still remembered the days when I was fed up with my major Math, which frustrated me so much. Till I fortunately select one of the most fascinating optional courses lectured by Professor Wang. Time gone back to the first class of Mr. Wang, I found a little old man came in the classroom with a thick book of psychology. Mysteriously, I first unveiled and explored the myth within it by the vivid demonstration of Mr. Wang, and became fascinated with this course. In the following days, it enclosed an assorted of psychological phenomenon reflected in ordinary people’s daily lives by illustrating examples in reality. To be frank, it is the psychology class that enlightens my soul of exploring the unknown world and stimulate my desire to learn. And it is no surprise to say that psychology is the most impressing course for me in college.


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