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U7-Grammar 4


Read the sentences:

We can use sentences beginning with How or What to express sudden or strong feelings or emotions, such as surprise, wonder, pity, sympathy, happiness, or gratitude. These sentences are called exclamations. An exclamation ends with an exclamation mark ‘!’.

adjective/ adverb
tidy

subject + verb the room is! she plays the violin!

How

well noisy! noun phrase

subject + verb

fun
What beautiful flowers a lovely panda!

we are having!
they are!

? ?

?
?

?
?

6 types of exclamations How + adj. + a/an + noun + subject + verb How clever a boy he is! How + adj./adv. + subject + verb How clever the boy is! What + noun + subject + verb What a boy he is! What + a/an + adj. + countable noun + subject + verb What a clever boy he is! What + adj. + countable noun (pl.) + subject + verb What clever boys they are! What + adj. + uncountable noun + subject + verb What expensive furniture it is!

? Short forms of exclamations: What + noun/noun phrase What fun! What a pity! What lovely weather! How + adjective/adverb How interesting! How sad! How quickly! How fast!

A Look at the photos below. Choose a suitable exclamation from the table to describe each photo. How tidy the room is! How well she plays the violin! How noisy! What fun we are having! What beautiful flowers they are! What a lovely panda!

B

Circle the best answer.

1 _______ food you’ve cooked!

A) How a nice B) What a nice C) How nice D) What nice 2 _______ terrible weather we’ve been having these days! A) What B) What a C) How D) How a 3 A: _______ I had! B: You really suffered a lot. A) What a time B) What time C) How a time D) How time

C Put the following sentences into exclamations. Use the word in each bracket to start. 1 The classroom is clean. (how) 2 The elephant is very heavy. (how)

3 She is a happy girl. (what)
4 It’s a nice coat. (what) 5 The beds are dirty. (how)

C Put the sentences into exclamations. Use the words in the brackets to start the sentences. 1 The classroom is clean. (how) 2 The elephant is very heavy. (how)

3 She is a happy girl. (what)
4 It’s a nice coat. (what) 5 The beds are dirty. (how)

D Put the following sentences into exclamations. 1 The farmers are very busy. 2 It’s a heavy box.

3 The rice is growing very fast
4 The children are very happy. 5 They are very beautiful flowers.

E Complete the following exclamations with proper words. 1 ____________ hot the weather is! 2 ____________ hard he works! 3 ____________ nice tea it is! 4 ____________ big horses they are! 5 ____________ a good boy he is!

1 Workbook 8A, page 63.


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