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2013届高考英语一轮复习(广东专用)单元课件:必修1 Unit1 Friendship(新人教版)


Ⅰ.单词思忆

(一)基本单词
1.____________ adj.心烦意乱的;不安的;不适的 vt.使不安; 使心烦

2.____________ vt.不理睬;忽视
3.____________ vt.& vi.(使)平静;(使)镇定 adj.平静的;镇静 的;沉着的 4.____________ vt

.(使)担忧;涉及;关系到 n.担心;关注; (利害)关系

5.____________ vi.安家;定居;停留 vt.使定居;安排;解决 6.____________ vt.& vi.遭受;忍受;经历

7.____________ vi.& vt.痊愈;恢复;重新获得
8.____________ n.十几岁的青少年 9.____________ adv.确实如此;正是;确切地 10.____________ adj.感激的;表示谢意的

(二)派生单词 11 . ______________ adv. 在 户 外 ; 在 野 外 → ______________

adv.在室内;在户内
12 . ____________ adj. 整个的;完全的;全部的 → __________ adv.完全地;全然地;整个地

13.____________ n.能力;力量;权力→____________ adj.强
大的;强有力的→____________ adj.无力的;没有能力的; 无权力的

14.____________ vi.不同意→____________ n.不同意;不一


Ⅱ.短语回顾 (一)根据汉语提示补全下列短语 1.合计add________ 2.(使)平静下来;(使)镇定下来calm________ 3.关心;挂念be concerned________

4.经历;经受;完成;仔细检查go________
5.记下;放下;登记set________ 6.一连串的;一系列;一套a ________of

7.故意地;有目的地________ purpose
8.对??厌烦get/be tired ________ 9.与??相处;进展get along________ 10.加入;参加join________

(二)用上述短语的适当形式填空 11 . His mother is always ______________ his future and

happiness.
12 . How does she keep smiling after all she's

__________________________________________________?

13.How can he ______________ so well ______________ all the
neighbours? 14 . I'm sure you'll all ______________ me ______________ thanking today's speaker. 15. The police looked into ________________ strange events that led to his death.

Ⅲ.佳句仿练 1.While walking the dog,you were careless.(while walking是

while you were walking的省略。)
在大街上散步时,我碰巧遇到了一位老朋友。 → ______________ , I happened to meet an old friend of mine. 2.You will tell him that he should have studied.(should have done表示“本应该做??而没有做??”。) 你本来不应该告诉他这件事情。 →You ________________ about it.

3.She and her family hid away for nearly twenty-five months before they were discovered.(before引导时间状语从句。) 再过些时候我们才能知道全部结果。 →It will be some time ________________. 4.I wonder if it's because I haven't been able to be outdoors for so long that I've grown so crazy about everything to do with nature.(it's...that...是强调句型。) 正是因为有了互联网我们才可以轻松地与他人分享信息。 → ________________ we can share the information with others easily.

5.It was the first time in a year and a half that I'd seen the night face to face...(it/this was the first time that...某人第一次

做某事,that从句中用完成时态。)
这是他第二次因超速而被罚款了。 →________________ he had been fined for speeding.

Ⅳ.教材活用 用本单元学到的词汇或句式完成下面短文 (每空不超过3个单

词)
Recently,I have been always feeling 1.________.It seems that I dislike all.A series of upsetting things happen

to me every day.Firstly,my mother 2.________ me all the
time.I wonder if she is doing this on purpose or not.I feel that she is not 3.________ about me at all.However,she spends

much time on her pet dog and she walks her every evening.I
am planning to have a talk with her 4.________ so that I may

settle my problem.Secondly,I have so much homework at school
that even if I make full use of the time I can't 5.________ the work at school.So I 6.________ work on them at home until 11

o'clock p.m.,which makes me tired of my study.Thirdly,I
have been 7.________ a severe headache.I telephoned my doctor this morning and she promised to help me 8.________ from my

illness.She seems kind and helpful to me,so I am grateful to
her.Then I will be able to fly kites 9.________ with some teenagers in my neighbourhood.Believe it or not,I am 10.________ quite well with them.Even their parents join us in playing together,sometimes.Thinking of this,I feel happy about my life.Anyway,life is full of sunshine.What counts is my own attitude to life.

Ⅰ.1.upset 2.ignore 3.calm 4.concern 5.settle 6.suffer 7.recover

8.teenager

9.exactly

10.grateful

11.outdoors ; indoors

12.entire ; entirely

13.power ; powerful ; powerless

14.disagree;disagreement

Ⅱ.1.up
7.on

2.down
9.with

3.about
10.in

4.through

5.down

6.series
12.gone

8.of

11.concerned about

through 13.get along;with 14.join;in 15.a series of

Ⅲ.1.While walking along the street
2.shouldn't have told him 3.before we know the full results 4.It was because of the Internet that 5.It was the second

time that
Ⅳ.1.upset 2.ignores 3.concerned 4.face to face 5.get through 6.have got to 7.suffering 8.recover 9.outdoors

10.getting along

1.upset adj.心烦意乱的;不安的;不适的 vt.使不安;使心烦;
弄翻;打翻;打乱;扰乱(计划等) Your friend comes to school very upset.(P1)

你朋友来到学校很烦。
She was still upset about the argument she'd with Harry. 她仍然为跟哈里发生的争论而感到烦恼。(朗文) It upset him that his father didn't take him to Shanghai. 让他不高兴的是,他父亲没有带他去上海。

①be upset about/over/at sth.为某事烦心
②(sth.)upset sb.(某事)使某人心烦意乱 ③(sb.)upset sth.(某人)打翻/弄翻某物

④It upsets sb.that...使人心烦的是??(it作形式主语)
⑤It upsets sb.to_do sth.做某事使某人心烦(it作形式主语)

【温馨提醒】 ①upset为表语形容词,不用作定语。 ②upset的过去式和过去分词形式仍为upset。

③upset的现在分词形式为upsetting。

【即时应用】 用upset的适当形式填空

(1)He stood up suddenly,________ a cup of coffee on my
shirt. (2)The ecological balance of the area was ________. 【答案】 (1)upsetting (2)upset

2.calm vt.& vi.(使)平静;(使)镇定 adj.平静的;镇定的;沉着 的 n.平静;宁静;镇静

Charlie tried to calm the frightened children.
查理努力安抚受惊的孩子们。 He can always keep calm,whatever happens. 不论发生什么事情,他总能保持镇静。 It was difficult to calm down the football fans. 要使足球迷们平静下来是很困难的。 After dinner,they were enjoying the calm of the evening. 晚餐后,他们享受着夜晚的宁静。

①calm sb.down 使某人平静下来

②calm down平静/镇静下来
③keep/be calm保持镇定 ④calmly adv.平静地;镇定地

calm/quiet/still/silent

①calm平静的,沉着的。指无风浪的或人的心情不激动的。
②quiet宁静的,安静的。指不吵闹的或心境不烦躁的。强调 “没有一点声音”。

③still静止的,不动的。指(人体等)不运动的。
④silent沉默的,缄口的,寂静的。指不讲话或没有声音。

【即时应用】 用calm/still/quiet/silent填空

(1)The most important thing for a person who is in danger is
keeping ________. (2)Please keep ________.Or the sleeping baby will be woken up. (3)No matter what I asked the boy,he kept ________ for the whole night. (4)Please stand ________ while I take your picture. 【答案】 (1)calm (2)quiet (3)silent (4)still

3.concern vt.(使)担忧;涉及;关系到 n.担心;关心;(利害)关系

The fact that she spends so much time on her own really
concerns me. 她很多时间都是一人独处,这真让我担心。 His main concern is to be able to provide for his family. 他主要关心的是要能够养活一家人。(朗文) This article concerns a man who was wrongly imprisoned. 这篇文章写的是一个被冤枉而入狱的人。

①concern oneself with关心;从事;参与
②concern oneself about 担心;关心 ③be concerned about sth.关心;挂念 ④be concerned with/in 与??有关;参与;牵涉到 ⑤show/express concern about/for... 对??表示关心/挂念 ⑥as/so far as....be concerned就……而言

【即时应用】
选用上述词汇完成下列情景 Besides doing his research work,Professor Li (1)________

( 从 事 ) social work.For example , he (2)________ ( 关 心 )
world peace and human progress.He also has made it clear that his research work should (3)________ (与??有关) the

farmers' income because (4)________(据他所知),to increase
the farmer's income is of greater importance than anything else.

【答案】

(1)concerns himself with/in (is concerned with/in)

(2)shows concern about/for (is concerned about) (3)be concerned with (4)as far as he is concerned

4.settle vi.安家;定居;停留 vt.使定居;安排;解决;决定; 确定

She found it difficult to settle and calm down in the hiding
place...(P4) 她发现很难在躲藏地安顿并且安静下来??

They settled their differences in a friendly way.
他们友好地解决了他们的分歧。 I hate all this travel;I want to get married and settle down. 我讨厌到处跑,我想结婚过安定的日子。

①settle down稳定;定居;舒适地坐下;平静下来;专心做; 沉没 ②settle in定居;习惯于;适应(新工作)(新居) ③settle on/upon决定/确定??选定;就??达成协议 ④settle for勉强接受

【即时应用】
写出下列句子中settle的含义 (1)There were two birds that settled on my bike when I came out.____________ (2)You must settle the differences with your father first.____________ (3)The teacher settled the students down and began the class.____________ (4)In the end they had to settle for a draw.____________ 【答案】 (1)停留 (2)解决 (3)使某人安静下来,平静下

来 (4)勉强接受

5.suffer v.遭受;忍受;经历 She suffered from loneliness,but she had to learn to like it

there.(P4)
她感到孤独,但她得学会喜欢住在那里。 He looked very pale and seemed to have suffered a great deal. 他看起来脸色苍白,好像很痛苦。 Simon suffers from migraines. 西蒙患有偏头痛。

①suffer e等。

vt.



















pain/defeat/loss/poverty/hunger/punishment/hardship/damag ②suffer vi.后常跟介词from,表示“受??折磨;受??之 苦;患某种疾病”。

【即时应用】 完成句子

(1)I'm ______________(苦于) a lack of time this week.
(2)If you break the law , you must be prepared to ______________(承受后果). 【答案】 (1)suffering from (2)suffer the consequences

6.recover v.重新获得;重新找回;恢复;痊愈
How can Linda recover from her illness in this room when it's so dirty?(P4)屋子里这么脏,琳达怎么能恢复健康?

She soon recovered herself and went on with her lecture.
她很快恢复正常,继续进行演讲。

①recover from从??中恢复
②recover oneself清醒过来 ③recover one's losses弥补损失

【即时应用】 翻译句子

(1)发烧几天之后,他开始康复。
__________________________________________________ (2)我的老板心脏病发作,正在恢复中。 __________________________________________________ 【答案】 (1)After a few days of fever,he began to recover. (2)My boss is recovering from a heart attack.

1.add up合计;加起来 Add up your score and see how many points you get.(P1) 把你的分数加起来,看看能得到多少分。 These figures in the bill don't add up right. 账单上的这些数字加起来得到的结果不对。

①add up to加起来共计/达(不用于被动语态),总之总是??;

意味着
②add to增加;增添(后多接抽象名词) ③add...to...把??加到/进??里

④add in包括;加进;算进

【即时应用】 用适当的介/副词填空

(1)The music added ________ our enjoyment in the party.
(2)The number of the students in our class adds ________ 54. (3)Please add some sugar ________the soup. (4)Before you finish the total,please add ________ these new figures. 【答案】 (1)to (2)up to (3)to (4)in

2.go through经历;经受;浏览;检查;通过;用完;做完 Or are you afraid that your friend would laugh at you,or

would not understand what you are going through?(P2)
或者你是不是担心你的朋友会嘲笑你,会不理解你目前的困 境呢?

We went through two caves,an extremely unusual part of
the journey. 我们通过了两个山洞,这是这次旅行中的一个相当不平凡的 部分。

Have you gone through all your money already? 你已经把所有的钱都花光了吗?

Let's go through the whole thing again,from the beginning.
我们再从头开始完整地练习一遍。

①go about着手干;四处走动;(故事等)流传
②go against反对;违背;对??不利 ③go by逝去;过去

④go over复习;仔细检查
⑤go up上涨;上升;攀登

【即时应用】 用适当的介/副词填空

(1)Blank went ________ and sat on the bed.
(2)Could you just go ________ this file and mark anything that's relevant? (3)I see cigarettes are going ________ again. (4)Never let a good opportunity go ________. 【答案】 (1)over (2)through (3)up (4)by

3.set down记下;放下;登记;(司机)让某人下车 I don't want to set down a series of facts in a diary as most

people do...(P2)
我不愿像大多数人那样在日记中记流水帐?? The bus sets the children down just outside the school gate. 公共汽车紧靠学校门口停下,让孩子们下车。

①set about (doing sth.)着手(做某事)
②set out (to do sth.)开始;着手(做某事) ③set off动身;引爆(炸弹等);引起;激发

④set aside留出;拨出;把??放在一边
⑤set up开办;建立;设立;创设

【即时应用】 用适当的介/副词填空

(1)I wanted to set my feelings ________ on paper.
(2)The high winds set ________ a lot of car alarms. (3)We mortgaged our house and set ________ a small supermarket. (4)They set ________ a room for visitors. 【答案】 (1)down (2)off (3)up (4)aside

4.get along/on with与某人相处;某事进展(如何) I'm getting along well with a boy in my class.(P6)

我跟我们班的一个男生相处得很好。
—How are you getting along with your English lesson? ——你的英语课程学得怎么样? —Very well.——很好。

①get down to认真做,开始着手做
②get across(话)传达,使人懂 ③get over克服,摆脱

④get rid of消灭,摆脱,除掉
⑤get through(电话)接通;用完;通过

【即时应用】 用get along/on well with完成句子

(1)If you two are going to share a room , you'd better
________________(学会如何相处). (2)________ your granddaughter ____________ (在??学习 怎样)at university? 【答案】 along (1)learn how to get along (2)How's ; getting

5.join in 参加;加入 ...to join in discussions and show interest in other people's

ideas...(P7)
??和别人一起讨论,对他们的想法表现出感兴趣?? I invited him to join us in the argument. 我邀请他参加我们的辩论。

①join sb.in(doing) sth.加入某人一起(做)某事

②join hands with sb.与某人携手/合作
③join up with sb./sth.和某人/物连起来 ④join...to把??连接起来

join/join in/take part in/attend
①join参加某组织或团体,并成为其中的一员。 ② join in 参加正在进行着的活动,如游戏、讨论、辩论、谈

话等。
③take part in参加会议或群众性活动,并在其中发挥一定的 作用。

④attend正式用语,指参加会议、仪式、婚礼、葬礼、上课、
上学、听报告等。重在强调“参与”的动作,不强调参加者 的作用。

【即时应用】 用join/join in/take part in/attend的适当形式填空

(1)I decided to ________ the club to have dance training.
(2)Would you like me to ________ the game? (3)I ________ physical labor yesterday. (4)I will have to ________his funeral (葬礼)next week. 【答案】 (1)join (2)join in (3)took part in (4)attend

1.While walking the dog,you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car.(P1) 遛狗的时候,你太粗心以至于狗跑了后被车撞了。 句中的while walking the dog是一种省略形式,相当于while you are walking the dog。当when,while,until,if,unless 或though等连词引导的状语从句中的主语与主句的主语相同, 或者主语为 it,从句的谓语动词又含有 be的某种形式时,可 以省去从句中的主语和be。

While (I was) watching TV,I heard a terrible noise coming from the kitchen.

看电视时,我听到厨房里传出一个可怕的声音。
Come to have a chat when (it is) convenient to you. 你方便时过来聊天。 【温馨提醒】 如果主、从句的主语不一致,从句不能省略,

而应使用状语从句的完整形式。 When seeing the stone,the car stopped.× When seeing the stone,the driver stopped his car.√

【即时应用】 完成句子

(1)________ (上网时) the Internet,I heard a terrible noise
coming from the kitchen. (2)________ (当住在) in Britain,the businesswoman picked up some English. 【答案】 (1)While/When surfing (2)When/While living

2....it was the first time in a year and a half that I'd seen the night face to face...(P2)

??这是我一年半以来第一次目睹夜晚??
“It is / was the + first (second,third,last) + time + that +主语+完成时”,该句型表示“是第几次做??”, it也

可以换成this或that。主句用现在或将来时态时,that从句中
通常用现在完成时态。主句用过去时态时,that从句中多用 过去完成时。

To tell the truth,it's the first time that I have ever had western food.

说实话,这是我第一次吃西餐。
Was that the last time that he had taken part in the Olympic Games?

那是他最后一次参加奥运会吗?

【即时应用】 完成句子

(1)Mr.Black , I should tell you this is the 5th time you
______________________(把我和我双胞胎哥哥弄混). (2)That was the last time that he ______________(向他父亲 要钱). 【答案】 (1)have mistaken me for my twin brother

(2)had asked his father for money

I wonder if it's because I haven't been able to be outdoors for
so long that I've grown so crazy about everything to do with nature.

我不知道这是不是因为我长期无法出门的缘故,我变得对一
切与大自然有关的事物都无比狂热。 本句为复合句,“if it's...nature”为wonder的宾语从句。这

个宾语从句中又包括“it's...that...”这一强调句式,强调原因
状语从句“because I haven't been able to be outdoors for so long”。在it is之后的表示原因的从句中,只能用because来引

导,不能用since或as。

Ⅰ.单词拼写
1.Business has ________(遭受)loss since the economic crisis (经 济危机)happened.

2.My father has made a full ________(康复)from the operation.
3.The teacher told the students to ________(定下心来)down and study the text.

4 . When he was abroad , his parents were ________( 担
心)about his safety.

5 . ________( 确切地 )speaking , I disagree with you on this

matter.
6 . Not knowing a single person at the party , he felt i________by all the people present.

7 . All the plan was u________by the sudden change of the
weather. 8.He prefers to work o________,for he can have more time to

get close to nature.
9.We were so g________to him for the help he had offered to us.

10.The e________company can be managed by a computer
with the help of modern technology.

【答案】 1.suffered 2.recovery 3.settle 4.concerned 5.Exactly 6.ignored 7.upset 8.outdoors 9.grateful

10.entire

Ⅱ.完成句子 1.______________ (遭受)such a heavy loss,the businessman

lost the courage to go on.
2.You may find it hard ______________(与??相处)such a bad-tempered boss.

3.________________(厌倦了)staying indoors for days,we are
longing to go out and relax ourselves. 4.________________(为了)make more money,he decided to move to Qingdao and work there.

5 . __________________________( 我们首先关心的 )is the car's safety performance,when we purchase a car.

6 . __________________( 在 欧 洲 旅 行 时 ) , he found many
interesting things and experienced different cultures. 【答案】 1.Having suffered 2.to get along with

3.Having got tired of

4.In order to 5.What we are

concerned about first 6.While traveling in Europe

Ⅲ.语法专练 将下列句子转换为间接引语

1 . The teacher asked Li Ming , “ Were you playing the
computer game when your parents arrived at home?” → The teacher asked Li Ming __________________the computer game when his parents arrived at home. 2.Mary said,“I will see you tomorrow.” →Mary said that ______________. 3.He said to her,“What's the matter with you?” →He asked her __________________.

4 . All the people cried , “ What magnificent clothes these are!”

→All the people cried __________________.
5.Mr.Smith said,“How long did it take you to fly to New York,John?”

→Mr.Smith asked John ______________ to fly to New York.
6.He said,“I'm using the knife.” →He said that ________________.

【答案】 1.if he was playing 2.she would see us the next day 3.what was the matter with her 4.what magnificent

clothes those were
using the knife

5.how long it had taken him 6.he was

课时知能训练

(一)动词的时态和语态

表1.主要时态的主要考点 时态 典句例示 The plane takes off at 5:00 a.m. School begins in February. I'll call on you unless it rains the day after tomorrow. If it is fine tomorrow,we shall visit the Great Wall. 考点归纳 按时间表、时刻表、日程表等 安排将要发生的动作,用一般 现在时,只限于go,arrive, leave,start,stay,return, begin,come等动词。

一 般 现 在 时

在时间、条件或让步状语从句 中,用一般现在时表示将来。

We are having an English 表示说话时正在进行或表示现阶 lesson now. The workers 段正在进行的动作,虽然此时此 are building a new factory 刻该动作不一定正在进行。 these days. 现 在 进 行 时 He is always thinking of others.(赞许) The children are always making trouble.(厌恶) He is constantly leaving his things about.(不满) 表示说话人对主语行为的赞叹或 厌恶等(常与always, constantly,continually等副词连 用 )。

He is starting the work in a few minutes. A foreign guest is giving a lecture in English this afternoon.

表示按计划或安排即将发生的动 作,常限于go,come,leave, start,arrive,return,work, sleep,stay,have,wear等表移 动、方向的动词。

一 般 过 去 时 He promised that he would buy some copies for us when he went there. He said he would let us know if he got any news.

He usually came to school by bike last year. He arrived in Hangzhou an hour ago.

表示在过去某一时间点发生 的动作或所处的状态,与现 在没有关系或表示过去一段 时间内反复发生的动作,常 与usually,often,sometimes 等时间状语连用。

在时间、条件、方式、让步 状语从句中用一般过去时表 示过去将来的动作。

过 去 进 行 时

At this time yesterday,they were having lunch. What were you doing at ten o'clock last night?

表示过去某一时刻或某一段时 间内正在进行的动作,常同表 示过去的时间状语从句以及at that time,at that moment, at this time yesterday,at ten o'clock yesterday等连用。
will+动词原形 1.表示(按自然规律)必然会发 生某事; 2.表示说话人认为、相信、希 望、假定(在遥远的)将来要发 生的事。 3.表示事先未考虑的意图;

一 般 将 来 时

He will be thirty years old next year. I believe China will become one of the richest countries in the world. —Oh,the light is still on. —Sorry,I'll go and turn it off.

—Ann is in hospital. —Yes,I know.I am going to visit her tomorrow. Look at the clouds.There is going to be a storm. If you are going to attend the meeting,you'd better leave 一 now. 般 A new bridge is to be built over 将 the river soon. 来 You are to do your homework 时 before you watch TV. If you are to pass the exams, you'll have to study harder from now on.
I was (just) about to explain when she interrupted me.

be going to do... 1.(事先考虑)打算,决定做某事; 2.某种客观迹象预示即将会发生某 事; 3.(用于条件句表将来)打算做某 事。 be to do... 1.(按计划、安排)打算,将要做; 2.(按命令、指示、约定、要求、职 责、义务等)必须/应该做,相当于 should,ought to,must,have to; 3.(用于条件句)想要做某事。 be about to do即将,正要做(不与 时间状语连用,意思同be on the point of doing)。

过去将 They said that they would 来时 drop in on us before long.

常用在宾语从句或间接引语 中,表示从过去的观点看将来 发生的行为或存在的状态。

I have already seen the film.(= I know the film now.) We have been good friends 现在完 since our middle school 成时 days.(现在还是) He has joined the army for two years.(×) I haven't seen Mary for two years.(√)

表示发生在过去而对现在仍有 影响的动作,往往具有因果关 系。还可以表示从过去某时开 始而延续至今的动作或状态, 此时只能用于某些带有延续意 义的动词,常与for...,since... 等时间状语连用。

I'll go home as soon as I've finished all my homework. 现在完成时

在时间或条件状语从句 中,现在完成时代替将 来完成时。

This/It is the This is the first time first/second...time+ that (that) I have come here. 从句。that从句一般用 现在完成时。

By three o'clock yesterday afternoon we had finished the work.
过 去 完 成 We had hoped to catch the 9:30 时 train,but we failed to. I had meant to help you,but I was too busy at the moment.

表示在过去某一时间或 某一动作之前完成的动 作或存在的状态,即过 去的过去。

表示过去本打算实现而 未实现的希望或计划。 常用此结构的动词有 hope,want,expect, think,mean, suppose,plan,intend 等。

It was the third time (that) he had made the same mistake. It was ten years since we had had such a 过去 wonderful time. 完成 时
Hardly/No sooner had I got home when/than the rain poured down.

This/It was the first/second...time + that从句。that从句用过去完 成时。 It is/has been+一段时间+ since 从句。since从句中用一般过去 时,如果把is改为was,则since从 句用过去完成时。

hardly...when...;no sooner...than...句式中hardly,no sooner所在句子用过去完成时, when和than从句中用过去时,表 示“一??就??”。

She was waving her hand.她不断地挥 手。 She waved her hand. 她挥了挥手。 易混 时态 用法 比较

过去进行时与一般过去时 1.过去进行时可以表示过去反复发 生的动作,而一般过去时表示只做 一次的动作。 2.过去进行时同forever, constantly,always等连用,略带感 情色彩,而一般过去时则表示客观 陈述。 一般过去时与现在完成时 1.一般过去时所表示的过去时间是 具体确定的,与其他时间没有牵 连。 2.现在完成时所表示的事情发生在 不能具体指出的相对现在而言以前 的某个或某段时间,它所表示的事 情与现在情况有关系,是过去事情 对现在的影响或产生的结果。

We visited a power station last week. (只说明上周参观发 电站这个事实) We have visited a power station. (说明现在对发电站 有所了解)

易混 时态 用法 比较

I have thought it over. 我已经考虑过这件事了。 I have been thinking it over. 我一直在考虑这件事。 Have you been meeting him recently? 你最近经常和他见面吗? Have you met him recently? 你最近见到他了吗?

现在完成时与现在完成进 行时 1.现在完成时强调动作产生 的结果或影响;现在完成 进行时强调的是在一段时 期内某项活动的持续性, 强调的是动作本身。 2.现在完成进行时可以表示 动作的重复,现在完成时 一般不表示重复性。

表2.被动语态构成一览表(以do为例) 一般时态 现在 过去 将来 am/is/are done was/were done shall/will be done would be done 进行时态 am/is/are being done was/were being done shall/will be being done 完成时态 has/have been done had been done shall/will have been done

过去 将来

would be being done

would have been done

表3.主动语态表示被动含义的用法一览表

种类

典句例示

考点归纳 当feel,smell,taste,sound, prove,remain,stay,appear等 用作连系动词,后接形容词时, 用主动形式表示被动含义。 当sell,read,draw,wash, write,open,wear,run,burn 等词后带状语修饰,用来表示主 语内在的品质或性能时用主动形 式表示被动含义。

连系动 The cloth feels soft. 词(其主 The music sounds 语主要 inspiring. 指物) This kind of book 不及物 sells well.这种书很畅 动词(其 销。 主语多 The shirt washes well. 指物) 这衬衫很好洗。

将主动语态变为被动语态应注意以下几点 1 .句子谓语为 give , send , show , lend , pay , tell , hand , bring,get,make,leave,pass等后面可接双宾语的动词时, 变其中一个宾语为主语,多将表示人的间接宾语改为主语, 也可将表示物的直接宾语改为主语。间接宾语之前通常要加 介词to或for。

We were shown all kinds of kites she had made.
→ All kinds of kites she had made were shown to us. 她给我们展示了她制作的各种各样的风筝。

2.短语动词改为被动语态时,短语中的副词或介词不可丢。 The poor are taken good care of by the government.

穷人得到了政府很好的关照。
3.有些动词在主动语态中后接省略to的不定式作宾语补足语, 在改为被动语态时,不定式to不能省略。 A bird was seen to fly into the window. 有人看到有只鸟飞进了窗户。 4.get+过去分词可以表示被动,此结构比较口语化。 The patient got treated once a week. 那位病人一周得到一次治疗。

5.一些不及物动词或某些短语不使用被动语态。例如:last(持 续 ) , cost, spread , happen (to) , take place , belong to ,

break out,go out,run out,shut off,turn off,work out
等。 The accident happened outside my house.

那场事故发生在我家外面。
It was almost midnight when a fire broke out in the neighborhood.火灾发生时差不多半夜了。

Ⅰ.单句填空 用所给词的适当形式填空

1.—Remember how we met for the first time,Tom?
—Of course I do.You________(walk) to the teachers' office hurriedly and________(not notice)me.

2.Today,tourists do not see any person in Pompeii,which,
though________(be) once a busy city of twenty-two thousand people.

3.Be careful with such things.If you________(not be),you'll
drop them.

4.The construction of this building started two years ago,but it________(not complete) so far due to various reasons.

5.Fortunately,the little girl________(survive) the air-crash,
but unluckily,the others on the flight were killed. 【答案】 1.were walking;didn't notice 2.was 3.aren't

4.has not been completed 5.survived

Ⅱ.完成句子 1.—Come on in,Peter.I want to show you something.

—Oh,how nice of you! I ________________(没想到你会给
我带礼物). 2.—Have you moved into the new house? —Not yet.The rooms ____________(在刷油漆). 3.—Hey,look where you are going? —Oh,I'm terribly sorry.________________(我没注意). 4.All the preparations for the task ______________(已完成), and we're ready to start.

5.With more forests being destroyed,huge quantities of good earth ________________(被冲走) each year.

6.Do you think the old temple ______________ (值得一看)?
【答案】 1.didn't think you were going to bring me a gift 3.I wasn't noticing 4.have been

2.are being painted

completed 5.are being washed away 6.is worth visiting

Ⅲ.语篇填空 根据所给提示词完成下面短文

It was getting dark when I 1.________(get) home.It was
cold and I 2.________(wear) a coat.I walked up to the door and put my hand into my pocket to take out the key,but I

couldn't

find

it.I

suddenly

remembered

that

I

3.________(leave) it on my desk in the office.It really didn't make any difference.I knew my wife 4.________(be) at home

and the children must have come back from school by now,
so I 5.________(knock) at the door.There was no answer.

I 6.________(continue) knocking at the door for some time.I 7.________(get) angry.Then I remembered something the office boy 8.________(tell) me at noon.He said that my wife

9.______(phone) saying that she 10.________(go) shopping in
the afternoon with the children.It seemed that nothing 11.________(can do) and I 12.________(shut) out of my house.

【答案】 1.got 2.was wearing 3.had left 4.was
5.knocked 6.continued 7.was getting 8.had told 9.had phoned be shut 10.would go 11.could be done 12.would


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