当前位置:首页 >> 其它课程 >>

1


Hands-On Lab On
Planning your Projects with Team Foundation Server 2010
Lab version: Last updated: 1.0.0 11/1/2010

CONTENTS OVERVIEW ............................................................................................................................................. 3 EXERCISE 1: MANAGING USER STORIES ........................................................................................... 4 EXERCISE 2: MANAGING ITERATION WORK ITEMS AND TEAM CAPACITY .................................. 11 EXERCISE 3: WORKING WITH HIERARCHICAL WORK ITEMS IN VISUAL STUDIO AND PROJECT22 EXERCISE 4: INTRODUCTION TO MSF AGILE PROCESS SAMPLE DOCUMENTS .......................... 27

Overview
In this lab you will learn about some of the new agile project management capabilities of Team Foundation Server 2010. You will learn how Team Foundation Server 2010 now supports hierarchical work items, which allow for such rich relationships as parent/child and successor/predecessor. You will see how new Excel workbooks can be used to quickly manage your backlog and plan your iterations. And you will also see how Microsoft Project can be used to create a detailed project plan which can then be fully synchronized with Team Foundation Server 2010.

System Requirements
In order to complete this lab you will need the Visual Studio 2010 Beta 2 virtual machine provided by Microsoft. For more information on acquiring and using this virtual machine, please see “Working with the Visual Studio 2010 Virtual Machine”.

Exercises
This Hands-On Lab comprises the following exercises: 1. Managing User Stories 2. Iteration Work Items and Team Capacity 3. Working with Hierarchical Work Items in Visual Studio and Project 4. Introduction to MSF Agile Process Sample Documents Estimated time to complete this lab: 60 minutes.

Next Step
Exercise 1: Managing User Stories

Exercise 1: Managing User Stories
In this exercise, you will learn how to use the Product Backlog workbook to work with user story work items from Team Foundation Server. User stories are single sentences that describe actions that the user can take and are typically written when starting a software project. 1. Log in as Abu Obeida Bakhach (Dev) if you have not already done so. Please see “Working with the Visual Studio 2010 Virtual Machine” for instructions on how to log into the VM. 2. Open Microsoft Visual Studio from Start | All Programs | Microsoft Visual Studio 2010 | Microsoft Visual Studio 2010. 3. In Team Explorer, expand the IBuySpy project node, followed by the Documents and Shared Documents folders so that you can see the Product Backlog.xlsr workbook.

Figure 1 Product Backlog workbook location 4. The Product Backlog is a new workbook that enables you to manage your product backlog of work items from within Microsoft Excel. Double-click on Product Backlog.xlsr to open it, selecting the OK button when prompted.

Figure 2 File download confirmation dialog box Note: When prompted to enter a product key, select the Continue button followed by the No button to continue using the trial version. Check the task bar as this prompt may be in the background. 5. To make sure that the data accurately reflects the current state in Team Foundation Server (TFS), select the Refresh button within the Team tab in Excel.

Figure 3 Refresh button location 6. The Product Backlog workbook, which shows all of the existing user stories, is initially loaded in read-only mode. Each user story is represented as a work item in TFS. Select the Edit Workbook button near the top of the workbook.

Figure 4 Edit Workbook button location 7. Notice that each user story represented here has a state and iteration assigned to it. All of the user stories associated with Iteration 1 have already been completed, the three user stories associated with Iteration 2 are currently in progress, and the rest are assigned to the backlog.

Figure 5 Initial state for State and Iteration Path columns 8. Select the Iteration Planning worksheet (tab near bottom of workbook). This worksheet helps define iterations and balance the workload between those iterations.

Figure 6 Initial state for Iteration Planning worksheet 9. Now let’s start planning a new iteration. Under the Planned Iterations heading, find the row for Iteration 3 and enter a Start Date for next Monday. It is important that this date is in the future. Enter the End Date for the end of that week (the following Friday). Finally, enter 3 for team size.

Figure 7 Adding Iteration 3 10. The next step is to start assigning active customer story tasks to the new iteration. Return to the Product Backlog worksheet and assign the first three Backlog items to Iteration 3. Note that each customer story has story points assigned to it. These points, which represent a rough order of magnitude estimate for the amount of work anticipated, are used later on to help load balance the planned development iterations.

Figure 8 Backlog work items changed to Iteration 3 11. Switch back to the Iteration Planning worksheet to see what the workload is looking like in comparison with previous iterations. The three user story tasks that we added to the new iteration account for 10 story points, which is less than the 14 which were successfully completed with the same size team during Iteration 2.

Figure 9 Iteration Planning worksheet showing Iteration 3 work load 12. It looks like we have more capacity, so let’s assign some more work to bring Iteration 3 up to the level of work that was completed in Iteration 2. Return to the Product Backlog worksheet and find the backlogged user story with an ID of 15. This user story is worth 4 story points, which would bring the total story points for Iteration 3 up to where we want it. Note that some other backlogged user stories were skipped over because their story points indicate that they would be too much work for this iteration. 13. Change the Iteration Path for user story ID = 15 to Iteration 3. 14. Switch back to the Iteration Planning worksheet and note that Iteration 3 does indeed show that we are taking on the right amount of work considering the story points, size of team, and length of iteration.

Figure 10 Iteration Planning worksheet showing updated Iteration 3 work load

15. Note that the Product Backlog workbook also has an Interruptions worksheet that allows you to account for holidays or other day-long events for the entire team. This will be reflected in the Days column in the Iteration Planning worksheet if it falls within an iteration date range.

Figure 11 Interruptions worksheet for Product Backlog workbook 16. Now that we have modified the user stories and completed our new iteration planning, we should save the changes to TFS. Return to the Product Backlog worksheet, click anywhere in the table to put the cursor there, and then select Publish from the Team tab in Excel.

Figure 12 Publish button location 17. Now that we are done working with the Product Backlog workbook, close it and save the changes when prompted.

Next Step
Exercise 2: Managing Iteration Work Items and Team Capacity

Exercise 2: Managing Iteration Work Items and Team Capacity
In this exercise, you will learn how to take a user story and break it down into individual tasks that can be assigned to appropriate team members based on skill and available work capacity. This will all be done within the context of Iteration 3. 1. In Team Explorer, navigate to the Iteration 3 Backlog.xlsm workbook under IBuySpy | Documents | Shared Documents | Iteration 3. Double-click on Iteration 3 Backlog.xlsm to open it Excel, selecting the OK button when prompted. 2. To make sure that the data accurately reflects the current state in Team Foundation Server (TFS), select the Refresh button within the Team tab in Excel. 3. Select the Edit Workbook button to exit read-only mode.

Figure 13 Edit Workbook button location 4. This worksheet shows a hierarchical view of the work items that are currently associated with Iteration 3. For example, the first user story item shows that there are three associated child tasks under it. Hierarchical work item relationships, which are new to Team Foundation Server 2010, include parent/child, successor/predecessor, test/tested by, etc.

5. The first three user stories listed have already been assigned child tasks and delegated to available employees. Now we will flesh out the last user story by adding additional tasks. Select the cell associated with the last User Story work item (ID = 15) and the Title 1 column.

Figure 14 Selecting the title for the last user story 6. Under the Team tab, select the Add Child button 3 times. You should now see three new placeholder rows appear.

Figure 15 Adding three new work item children 7. Change the Work Item Type for each new row to Task.

Figure 16 Changing work item type to Task 8. In the Title 2 column for the first new task, enter “Create stored procedure for password reset”. For the second task enter “Design password reset UI”, and finally for the last task enter “Implement password reset UI”. Entering the new titles under the Title 2 column will make them children of the user story above them.

Figure 17 Adding titles for new task work items

9. Now we will assign the new tasks to appropriate team members. Assign the first new task to Doris, the second to April, and the third to Abu.

Figure 18 Assigning team members to task work items 10. The Remaining Work column represents the number of hours remaining for the task. Enter 2, 3, and 6 the new tasks.

Figure 19 Assigning remaining work hours to task work items 11. Scroll over to the Area Path column and enter Database, Web site, and Web site for the new tasks.

Figure 20 Changing development area for task work items 12. Finally, assign all tasks to Iteration 3, even the tasks that were already in place.

Figure 21 Changing task work items to Iteration 3 13. Place the cursor somewhere within the table and then select Publish from the Team tab in Excel. This will create the new tasks as children of the last user story within TFS. 14. Now that we have defined the tasks that make up the last user story, we will spend some time making sure that the right team members are assigned to each task and make sure we have not taken on too much work. Start by navigating to the Settings worksheet.

Figure 22

Initial view of Settings worksheet 15. For Iteration, select Iteration 3.

Figure 23 Selecting Iteration 3 16. For Start Date and End Date, enter the same dates that you did in the previous exercise. This should be next Monday through Friday.

Figure 24 Entering Start and End Date 17. Go to the Capacity worksheet, find the Individual Capacity section, and select the three team members that will be working on tasks for Iteration 3, namely Abu, April, and Doris. We don’t select Michael because he is the project manager and is just responsible for the user stories.

Figure 25 Entering team members assigned to Iteration 3 18. Under the Hours/Day column, which represents the estimated hours per day that each team member will devote to this project, enter 5 for all three team members.

Figure 26 Current team and individual capacity for Iteration 3 19. Note that the Individual Capacity chart shows that Abu and Doris are under-utilized, whereas April is near max work capacity. Let’s offload some of April’s work to Abu. Return to the Iteration Backlog worksheet and re-assign the “Implement web front-end for viewing all open orders” (ID = 44) from April to Abu.

Figure 27 Re-distributing work between team members 20. Switch back to the Capacity worksheet to see that the workload distribution looks better.

Figure 28 Individual capacity graph looks good 21. This workbook also allows you to account for holidays and other work interruptions that have an effect on team capacity. Open the Interruptions worksheet and add an entry under Holidays for an upcoming company meeting next Thursday. This will apply to the entire team.

Figure 29 Team interruption 22. Under Planned Interruptions, add an entry for April as she will be attending the MIX Web Design Conference next Thursday and Friday. Note that the Days column is the expected 2 days. The Remaining Days column is 1 because it is already taking into account the company meeting that applies to the team.

Figure 30 Individual interruption 23. Switch back to the Capacity worksheet to see the effect of these scheduled interruptions. Note that April is now over capacity.

Figure 31 Individual capacity showing overworked team member 24. One potential remedy to offload some work from April would be to shift some of it to Doris, who currently has some extra capacity. Rather than doing that this time, consider the scenario where Doris does not have the skills necessary to take on the work that is assigned to April. Return to the Iteration Backlog worksheet and change the last four tasks (corresponding to the last four rows) so that their Iteration Path is set to the Backlog.

Figure 32 Returning tasks to the backlog 25. Now that we have deferred some work to the backlog, the team should be able to complete the assigned tasks with the available capacity. Return to the Capacity worksheet one last time to verify this.

Figure 33 Team and individual capacity looks good 26. Save the changes made to the work items by returning to the Iteration Backlog worksheet, placing the cursor somewhere within the table, and selecting the Publish button.

Note: The Burndown worksheet contains a chart that you can use to track work progress during the iteration. As tasks are completed, you can come here to get an idea of iteration progress.

Figure 34 Burndown worksheet 27. Close Excel and save changes when prompted to return to Visual Studio.

Next Step
Exercise 3: Working with Hierarchical Work Items in Visual Studio and Project

Exercise 3: Working with Hierarchical Work Items in Visual Studio and Project
In this exercise, you will learn how to manage hierarchical work items from within Visual Studio and get a taste of how to take advantage of Project for more detailed project management. 1. It is possible to work with the same iteration tasks that we did in the previous exercise from within Visual Studio. In Team Explorer, navigate to Work Items | Team Queries | Workbook Queries and double-click on the Iteration 3 Backlog.

Figure 35 Iteration 3 Backlog team query 2. There are a number of beneficial UI mechanisms that make working with these work items easier from within Visual Studio. Try clicking the + and – buttons associated with the user story work items to see that they can collapse and expand if they contain children. 3. Drag and drop a task from one user story to a different user story. Notice that the changes are displayed in bold.

Figure 36 Changes are displayed in bold 4. Select a child task with a single left-click and then use the right green Indent arrow to change the hierarchy level.

Figure 37 Right green Indent arrow location 5. To add additional nested work items that may use any of the supported links types, right-click on an existing task and select New Linked Work Item from the context menu.

Figure 38 New Linked Work Item… 6. Expand the Link Type drop down to see all of the supported link types.

Figure 39 Supported link types 7. We are not going to save these changes for the purposes of this lab, so select the Cancel button to return to the Iteration 3 work items. 8. Select the Refresh button to return to the original list of work items, selecting No when prompted to save the modified work items.

Figure 40 Refresh button location 9. Microsoft Project can also be used to work with TFS work items in order to create a more detailed project plan. Select the Open in Microsoft Office drop down and click on the Open Query in Microsoft Project option.

Figure 41 Open Query in Microsoft Project 10. After Project loads, re-adjust the screen real estate so that you can clearly see the Titles of the work items. Note that this data is used to create a Gantt chart in the right-hand pane.

Figure 42 Initial view in Microsoft Project 11. TFS 2010 also introduces support for successor/predecessor relationship between work items. Select the Predecessors column for work item with ID=44 and enter 2,4 into that cell. This designates that work items with ID=43 and 45 must be completed first. The numbers 2 and 4 correspond to the row numbers within Project.

Figure 43 Editing work item successor/predecessor relationship 12. Add some more successor/predecessor relationships by making work item ID=47 have a predecessor of work item ID=46 by entering 6 into the Predecessors column. Also make work item ID=49 have predecessors for work items with IDs 9 and 11.

Figure 44 Final view of Predecessors column Note: Although it is outside the scope of this lab to do so, you can use Microsoft Project to create much more detailed project plans by defining additional start and end dates for each work item. 13. Save changes back to TFS by selecting a cell from the work item table and then select the Publish button. 14. Return to Visual Studio and double-click on the work item task with ID=44. 15. Select the All Links tab to verify that work items 43 and 45 are listed as predecessors of this work item task.

Figure 45 All Links tab for work item showing predecessors

Next Step
Exercise 4: Introduction to MSF Agile Process Sample Documents

Exercise 4: Introduction to MSF Agile Process Sample Documents
In this exercise, you will be introduced to two of the sample documents that are provided with the MSF Agile Process Template. 1. In Team Explorer, navigate to the Documents | Samples and Templates | Personas and Design folder and double-click on Sample Document – Persona Definition.docx to open it in Microsoft Word. You may need to confirm that you want to download the file as before.

Figure 46 Persona definition sample location 2. Take a quick look through the Persona Definition sample to get an idea of what it offers.

Figure 47 Start of persona definition sample document Personas exist as a way to improve the design of software systems that will be used by people from different backgrounds and with different needs, experience, and skill levels. This document contains persona definitions for a sample project.

Figure 48 Example persona 3. Switch back to Team Explorer and open Sample Document – Iteration Retrospective.docx from the Retrospectives folder.

Figure 49 Start of iteration retrospective sample document This document is used to record the discussions and action items from the Iteration Retrospective. Iteration Retrospective is held at the end of each iteration to reflect on how the team performed during the iteration. This sample document contains iteration goals, progress statistics, what went well and what didn’t, and finally actions for improvement.


相关文章:
1-广东话谚语、俗语、俚语、歇后语集锦
1-广东话谚语、俗语、俚语、歇后语集锦 - 捉 zuk1zuk3 字 zi6 虱 sat1——和国语所说“掰文儿”或“挑字眼儿”意义相近, 即暗喻挑剔字眼儿上意义的疏忽,...
微机原理与接口接口技术--模拟试题 (1)
微机原理与接口接口技术--模拟试题 (1) - 选择题 (本题共 20 题,每题 2 分共 40 分) 1.下列编码中,零的表示形式唯一的是(B ) A.原码 B.补码 C....
思修辨析题+材料分析+论述(1)
思修辨析题+材料分析+论述(1) - 、辨析题 1、有人说,当今是知识经济时代,“知识就是力量”,大学生只要掌握最新的科学知识,就能成才。请 判断此观点的正误,...
电大流通概论网考案例题 (1)
1.说说采购对企业的意义。 (以下为要点,可适度展开) (1)采购是企业的个重要环节; (1分) (2)采购资源整合是企业供应端管理的重要突破点; (2分) (3)...
社保员考试基础知识题 (1)
答案要点: (1)我国的社会保障体系包括社会保险、社会救助、社 会福利以及社会优抚四个方面的内容。 (2)社会保障四个方面的内容相互补充,社会保险在社 会保障中...
高考原创押题卷(1)理综试卷(含答案)
高考原创押题卷(1)理综试卷(含答案) - 2017 年高考原创押题卷() 理综 时间:150 分钟 分值:300 分 可能用到的相对原子质量:H 1 C 12 O 16 Al 27 S ...
新视野大学英语视听说教程第二版第三册答案(全)(1)
新视野大学英语视听说教程第二版第三册答案(全)(1)_法语学习_外语学习_教育专区。Unit1 Enjoy the colorful campus life! II. Basic Listening Practice Keys: ...
南京工业大学VB考试[1]
( ) A、变量 X 的值与 X+1 的值相等 B、将变量 X 的值存在 X+1 中去 C、将变量 X 的值加 1 后赋给变量 X D、变量 X 的值为 1 X15、要想...
中南大学matlab课后习题(1)
第二章 1·求下列表达式的值。 (1)w=sqrt(2)*(1+0.34245*10^-6) w = 1.4142 (2)a=3.5;b=5;c=-9.8; x=(2*pi*a+(c+b)/(pi+a*b*c)...
环工原理作业+答案 (1)
2.1 某室内空气中 O3 的浓度是 0.08× 10-6(体积分数) ,求: (1)在 1.013× 105Pa、25℃下,用μg/m3 表示该浓度; (2)在大气压力为 0.83× 105...
更多相关标签: