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2014考研英语模拟测试题三


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2014 考研英语模拟测试题三
Section I Use of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points) Many foreigners who have not visited Britain call all the inhabitants English, for they are used to thinking of the British Isles England. 1 , the British Isles contain a variety of peoples, and only the people of England call themselves English. The others 2 to themselves as Welsh, Scottish, or Irish, 3 the case may be; they are often slightly annoyed 4 being classified as “English”. Even in England there are many 5 in regional character and speech. The chief 6 is between southern England and northern England. South of a 7 going from Bristol to London, people speak the type of English usually learnt by foreign students, 8 there are local variations. Further north regional speech is usually “ 9 ” than that of southern Britain. Northerners are 10 to claim that they work harder than Southerners, and are more 11 . They are open-hearted and hospitable; foreigners often find that they make friends with them 12 . Northerners generally have hearty 13 : the visitor to Lancashire or Yorkshire, for instance, may look forward to receiving generous 14 at meal times. In accent and character the people of the Midlands 15 a gradual change from the southern to the northern type of Englishman. In Scotland the sound 16 by the letter “R” is generally a strong sound, and ”R” is often pronounced in words in which it would be 17 in southern English. The Scots are said to be a serious, cautious, thrifty people, 18 inventive and somewhat mystical. All the Celtic peoples of Britain (the Welsh, the Irish, the Scots) are frequently 19 as being more “fiery” than the English. They are 20 a race that is quite distinct from the English. (289 words) Notes: fiery 暴躁的,易怒的。

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1. [A] In consequence [B] In brief [C] In general [D] In fact 2. [A] confine [B] attach [C] refer [D] add 3. [A] as [B] which [C] for [D] so 4. [A] with [B] by [C] at [D] for 5. [A] similarities [B] differences [C] certainties [D] features 6. [A] factor [B] virtue [C] privilege [D] division 7. [A] line [B] row [C] border [D] scale 8. [A] who [B] when [C] though [D] for 9. [A] wider [B] broader [C] rarer [D] scarcer 10. [A] used [B]apt [C] possible [D] probable 11. [A] perfect [B] notorious [C] superior [D] thorough 12. [A] swiftly [B] promptly [C] immediately [D] quickly 13. [A] appetites [B] tastes [C] interests [D] senses 14. [A] helpings [B] offerings [C] fillings [D] findings 15. [A] designate [B] demonstrate [C] represent [D] reckon 16. [A] delivered [B] denoted [C] depicted [D] defined 17. [A] quiet [B] obscure [C] faint [D] silent 18. [A] rather [B] still [C] somehow [D] even 19. [A] rendered [B] thought [C] impressed [D] described 20. [A] with [B] of [C] among [D] against Section II Reading Comprehension Part A Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Text 1 As every physics student learns, there are four known forces of nature: gravity, electromagnetism, a “strong force” that binds atomic nuclei and a “weak force”that governs certain types of radioactive decay. Last week researchers at the Los Alamos National Laboratory announced that they may have found the best evidence yet for a hypothetical, elusive ”fifth force”. If confirmed, their findings could mean that Sir Issac Newton’s famous inverse-square law of gravity is in danger of losing the dignified position it has held for three centuries. “It’s like saying Mem and apple pie’s no good any more,” admits the leader of the gravity project, Geophysicist Mark Ander. “You just don’t do that lightly.” The physicists reached their conclusion as the result of an experiment conducted in Greenland last summer. They lowered a supersensitive meter into a mile-deep hole bored in glacial ice-chosen because its density is more uniform than that of rock-and monitored the gravity as the meter descended. What occurred

凯程考研,考研机构,10 年高质量辅导,值得信赖! 以学员的前途为已任,为学员提 供高效、专业的服务,团队合作,为学员服务,为学员引路。

凯程考研辅导班,中国最强的考研辅导机构,http://www.kaichengschool.com 考研就找凯程考研,学生满意,家长放心,社会认可!
was startling: the expected increase in gravitational force predicted by Newton was there, but it got stronger, faster than expected. Either something was enhancing the force of gravity or the researchers had come upon a heretofore unknown, far more complex working of gravity itself. Or, just possibly, they had made a mistake. The fifth force, if that is what it is, has been a source of debate among physicists since its existence was suggested in 1981 by Australian mineshaft experiments. Five years later, Purdue University Physics Professor E. Fischbach measured a weak force he called “hypercharge” and theorized that it caused objects of different composition to fall at different rates. Since Fischbach’s finding, as many as 45 experiments have sprung up in search of the mystery force, and so far each has served only to confuse rather than clarify the issue. Jim Thomas, a physicist at the California Institute of Technology, praises the technical precision of Ander’s experiment, but cautions that measuring gravity in holes is inexact at best. He points out, for example, that an aberration (脱离正轨) in the earth’s crust might have caused the unusual measurements. “What we are talking about is the possible modification of gravity, which is the fourth force,” adds Thomas. Even Ander stresses the strict confirmation is needed before he accepts the results of his Greenland experiment. Says he: “Gee, I’ve gotta be wrong---Newton certainly can’t be wrong!” 21. Mark Ander’s attitude towards the results of the Greenland experiment is that he . A. is doubtful of the results of the experiment B. is convinced of the accuracy of the experiment C. is sure that Newton’s law of gravity is inexact D. believes that the results of the experiment are wrong 22. Which of the following is NOT true of the Greenland experiment? A. The purpose of it was to examine gravity. B. The findings of it have not yet been confirmed. C. It was not conducted with a gravity meter in an ice hole. D. The results of it seemed to fall in with Newton’s theory. 23. It can be deduced from the third paragraph that . A. Australians first suggested the fifth force in 1981 B. many experiments confirmed Fischbach’s view on the existence of the fifth force C. a series of experiments has not yet justified Fischbach’s discovery D. the debate on the fifth force has not so much confused as clarified the issue 24. It can be learned from the text that . A. Jim Thomas believes that the results of the Greenland experiment are incredible

凯程考研,考研机构,10 年高质量辅导,值得信赖! 以学员的前途为已任,为学员提 供高效、专业的服务,团队合作,为学员服务,为学员引路。

凯程考研辅导班,中国最强的考研辅导机构,http://www.kaichengschool.com 考研就找凯程考研,学生满意,家长放心,社会认可!
B. Professor E. Fischbach deems that his “hyper-charge” renders it possible for bodies of different composition to descend at different speeds C. The experiments in search of the mystery force have clarified the problem now D. All the experiments in search of the mystery force seemed to be enhanced

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凯程考研,考研机构,10 年高质量辅导,值得信赖! 以学员的前途为已任,为学员提 供高效、专业的服务,团队合作,为学员服务,为学员引路。

凯程考研辅导班,中国最强的考研辅导机构,http://www.kaichengschool.com 考研就找凯程考研,学生满意,家长放心,社会认可!
回来考的,大多数是跨专业考研,他们的难度大,竞争激烈,没有严格的训练和同学们的刻 苦学习,是很难达到优异的成绩。最好的办法是直接和凯程老师详细沟通一下就清楚了。 建校历史:机构成立的历史也是一个参考因素,历史越久,积累的人脉资源更多。例如,凯 程教育已经成立 10 年(2005 年),一直以来专注于考研,成功率一直遥遥领先,同学们有 兴趣可以联系一下他们在线老师或者电话。 有没有实体学校校区:有些机构比较小,就是一个在写字楼里上课,自习,这种环境是不太 好的,一个优秀的机构必须是在教学环境,大学校园这样环境。凯程有自己的学习校区,有 吃住学一体化教学环境,独立卫浴、空调、暖气齐全,这也是一个考研机构实力的体现。此 外,最好还要看一下他们的营业执照。

凯程考研,考研机构,10 年高质量辅导,值得信赖! 以学员的前途为已任,为学员提 供高效、专业的服务,团队合作,为学员服务,为学员引路。


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