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山东省济钢高级中学2017届高三第二次月考英语试题


2016-2017 学年度高三第一学期第二次月考

A. She thinks it’s too expensive.B. She just wants to have a look. C. She doesn’t have enough money. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8. Where do John’s parents probabl

y want him to work? A. At an IT company. B. At a bank. C. At a film studio. 9. What are the woman’s parents like? A. Practical. B. Open-minded. C. Stubborn. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. How did the woman know where to go? A. Jesse told her.B. The police called her.C. Dr. Andrews phoned her. 11. Why did Jesse get injured? A. His car ran into a tree.B. A tree fell on his car.C. A car hit his car. 12. When will Dr. Andrews meet with the woman? A. Right now. B. After doing the test. C. Three hours later. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Where is the meat section? A. On the other side of the bakery.B. In the back of the store. C. To the left of the speaker. 14. How often does the man go to the supermarket? A. Once a week.B. Every two weeks.C. Once a month. 15. What does the woman offer to do for the man? A. Find him some oranges.B. Ring him up for his groceries. C. Share his opinion with her manager. 16. What is the man likely to buy? A. Soap. B. Bread. C. Pork. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. How many cities and towns does the subway system serve in San Francisco? A. Four. B. Five. C. Twelve. 18. What is the average speed of the trains? A. 35 miles per hour.B. 45 miles per hour.C. 80 miles per hour. 19. What time might seats be available? A. At 7:00 a.m. B. At 9:30 a.m. C. At 3:30 p.m. 20. What can we learn about the subway system? A. Trains come with the fixed time. B. The main stations are underground. C. The ticket price depends on the distance.
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英语试题
注意事项: 本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分。共 150 分,考试用时 120 分钟。 考试结束后.将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第I卷
注意事项: 1.答第 I 卷前,考考生务必将自己的姓名、考生号填写在答题卡上。 2.选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应的题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮 擦干净后,在选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷,否则无效。 第一部分听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What will the young man do tomorrow morning? A. Help his mother.B. Go to Peter’s house.C. Do his homework. 2. How many people will have dinner together tomorrow night? A. Two. B. Three. C. Four. 3. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. The man’s company.B. Phone bills.C. Mistakes online. 4. What does the woman mean? A. The man needs to finish the book. B. The man should check with his professor. C. The man is mistaken about the assignment. 5. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Professor and student.B. Tutor and pupil.C. Advisor and researcher. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小 题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. What does the woman think of the necklace? A. It’s too old.B. It’s a little fancy.C. It’s quite all right. 7. Why doesn’t the woman try on the tie?

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项 A Tayka Hotel De Sal Where: Tahua, Bolivia How much: About $95 a night Why it’s cool: You’ve stayed at hotels made of brick or wood, but salt? That’s something few can claim. Tayka Hotel de Sal is made totally of salt——including the beds (though you’ll sleep on regular mattresses (床垫) and blankets).The hotel sits on the Salar de Uyuni, a prehistoric dried-up lake that’s the world’s biggest salt flat. Builders use the salt from the 4,633-square-mile flat to make the bricks, and glue them together with a paste of wet salt that hardens when it dries. When rain starts to dissolve the hotel, the owners just mix up more salt paste to strengthen the bricks. DogBarkParkInnB&B Where: Cottonwood, Idaho How much: $92 a night Why it’s cool: This doghouse isn’t just for the family pet. Sweet Willy is a 30-foot-tall dog with guest rooms in his belly. Climb the wooden stairs beside his hind leg to enter the door in his side. You can relax in the main bedroom, go up a few steps of the loft in Willy’s head, or hang out inside his nose. Although you have a full private bathroom in your quarters, there is also a toilet in the 12-foot-tall fire hydrant(消火栓) outside. Gamirasu Cave Hotel Where: Ayvali, Turkey How much: Between $130 and $475 a night. Why it’s cool: This is caveman cool! Experience what it was like 5,000 years ago, when people lived in these mountain caves formed by volcanic ash. But your stay will be much more modern. Bathrooms and electricity provide what you expect from a modern hotel, and the white volcanic ash, called tufa, keeps the rooms cool, about 65° Fin summer.(Don’t worry——there is heat in winter.) 21. What is the similarity of the three hotels? A. Being expensive. B. Being beautiful. C. Being natural. D. Being unique.
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22. Which of the hotel makes you have a feeling of living in the far past? A. Tayka Hotel De Sal B. Green Magic Nature Resort C. DogBarkParkInnB&BD. Gamirasu Cave Hotel 23.What may be the purpose of the writer writing the passage? A. To show his wide knowledge B. To introduce some interesting hotels C. To develop business in tourism D. To attract attention from the readers 24.What does the underlined words “Sweet Willy” refer to? A.The name of the hotel. B.The name of the hotel owner. C.The building of DogBarkParkInnB&B. D.The name of a pet dog of the hotel owner. B If you want a little extra security against thieves stealing your bicycle, designer Dennis Siegel has designed a solution. The RFID Bikealarm is attached to the seat on a bicycle and gives off an alarm when it senses movement. “The RFID Bikealarm is meant to be a useful add-on to mechanical bicycle locks because it greatly extends the range of protection with only a few components,” Siegel explains on his website. “It is low-cost, durable and easy to use.” The Bikealarm was designed as part of Siegel’s Bachelor’s degree thesis(毕业 论文) at the University of the Arts Bremen in Germany. The device will scare off any would-be thieves the moment they begin to steal the bicycle to which it is attached. It is able to continuously sense the environment to distinguish between specific events, for instance a passing tram/ car and a serious theft. Siegel created a working model of an alarm that would sound when it sensed movement, but wasn’t initially sure how it would be best attached to a bicycle. “I decided to mount it to the rails of the seat because it allows for comfortable interaction and the position is less obvious as it looks like a small repair kit(工具),” he says. Siegel chose to use RFID technology rather than Bluetooth to keep the costs down. Siegel explains that the most difficult aspect of creating the alarm was to get the electronic circuit down to a small enough size. The device runs off a kind of battery that can be charged by USB within 2 hours and lasts for a few days with normal use. As the Bikealarm is only at

development stage, Siegel hasn’t signed any agreements to put it on the market. 25. When it senses movement, the RFID Bikealarm will _____. A. make a warning sound B. fasten the bicycle tightly C. shake the bicycle quickly D. call the police automatically 26. Which of the following shows the right position of the RFID Bikealarm on a bicycle?

enough resources to make it through tough times. Interestingly, however, other characteristics that you might consider advantageous had no impact on whether study participants were likely to live longer. Those who were more self-disciplined, for instance, were no more likely to live to be very old. Also, being open to new ideas had no relationship to long life, which might explain all those bad-tempered old people who are fixed in their ways. Whether you can successfully change your personality as an adult is the subject of a longstanding psychological debate. But the new paper suggests that if you want long life, you should make efforts to be as outgoing as possible. Unfortunately, another recent study shows that your mother’s personality may also help determine your longevity. That study looked at nearly 28,000 Norwegian mothers and found that those moms who were more anxious, depressed and angry were more likely to feed their kids unhealthy diets. Patterns of childhood eating can be hard to break when we’re adults, which may mean that kids of depressed moms end up dying younger. Personality isn’t destiny( 命运 ), and everyone knows that individuals can learn to change. But both studies show that long life isn’t just a matter of your physical health but of your mental health. 28. The aim of the study in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society is____. A. to see whether people’s personality affects their life span B. to find out if one’s lifestyle has any effect on their health C. to investigate(调查) the role of exercise in living a long life D. to examine all the factors contributing to longevity 29. What does the author imply about outgoing and sympathetic people? A. They have a good understanding of evolution. B. They are better at negotiating an agreement. C. They generally appear more resourceful. D. They are more likely to get over hardship. 30. What does the recent study of Norwegian mothers show? A. Children’s personality characteristics are invariably determined by their mothers. B. People with unhealthy eating habits are likely to die sooner. C. Mothers’ influence on children may last longer than fathers’. D.Mothers’ negative personality characteristics may affect their children’s life spans.
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27. What do we know about the RFID Bikealarm? A. It can’t tell between specific events. B. It is very difficult to use. C. It uses a kind of battery for power. D. It depends on Bluetooth technology. C Why do some people live to be older than others? You know the standard explanations: keeping a moderate diet, engaging in regular exercise, etc. But what effect does your personality have on your longevity(长寿)?Do some kinds of personalities lead to longer lives? A new study in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society looked at this question by examining the personality characteristics of 246 children of people who had lived to be at least 100. The study shows that those living the longest are more outgoing, more active and less neurotic (神经质的) than other people. Long-living women are also more likely to be sympathetic and cooperative than women with a normal life span(寿 命 ). These findings are in agreement with what you would expect from the evolutionary theory: those who like to make friends and help others can gather

31.What can we learn from the findings of the two new studies? A. Anxiety and depression more often than not cut short one’s life span. B. Longevity results from a combination of mental and physical health. C. Personality plays a decisive role in how healthy one is. D. Health is in large part related to one’s lifestyle. D A technology company is developing a lie detector app for smartphones that could be used by parents, teachers and internet daters. The app measures blood flow in the face to assess whether or not you are telling the truth. Its developers say that it could be used for daters wanting to see if somebody really is interested in them. Parents could use it on their children to see if they are lying and teachers could work out which of their pupils are truthful. The app is being developed by Toronto startup NuraLogix and the software is called Transdermal Optical Imaging. The idea is that different human emotions create different facial blood flow patterns that we have no control over. These patterns change if we are telling the truth or telling a lie. Using footage(连续镜头) from the smartphone camera, the software will see the changes in skin colour and compare them to standardized results. A study found that anger was associated with more blood flow and redness while sadness was associated with less of both. Kang Lee, who has been researching the field for 20 years, said that the lie detector test will let you find out the truth “non-invasively( 非 侵 入 式 ), and remotely, and sometimes it can be secretly”. He said: “It could be very useful, for example, for teachers. A lot of our students have math anxiety but they do not want to tell us, because that’s embarrassing.” Lee added that the technology would not replace lie detectors used in a court of law. He said: “They want the accuracy to be extremely high, like genetic tests, so a one-in-a-million error rate.” “Our technique won’t be able to achieve an extremely high accuracy level, so because of that I don’t think it’s useful for the courts.” He added that it will be a few years before the dating app is available to consumers.
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32. How does the app work? A. By discovering the expression on the face. B. By analyzing the blood flow in the face. C. By measuring one’s blood pressure. D. By checking the words one says. 33. What can we infer from Paragraph 5? A. The app is reliable.B. Our motions are colorful. C. The idea of the app is interesting. D. People have different facial blood patterns. 34. To whom can the app apply? A. A user of the latest iPhone. B. A person in a job interview. C. A consumer buying something. D. A student working at a math problem. 35. What can we learn about the app? A. It works as a lie detector. B. It matches genetic tests in accuracy. C. It needs time to be put to use. D. It proves to be useful for the courts. 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 15 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多 余选项。 Forgiveness To forgive is a virtue, but no one has ever said it is easy. When someone has deeply hurt you, it can be extremely difficult to let go of your hate. However, forgiveness is possible, and it can be surprisingly beneficial to your physical and mental health. People who forgive show less sadness, anger and stress and more hopefulness, according to a recent research. ______36______ Try the following steps: Calm yourself. _____37______ You can take a couple of breaths and think of something that gives you pleasure: a beautiful scene in nature, or someone you love. Don’t wait for an apology. Many times the person who hurt you does not intend to apologize. They may have wanted to hurt you or they just don’t see things the same way. _____38______ Keep in mind that forgiveness does not necessarily mean becoming friends again with the person who upset you. Take the control away from your offender(冒犯者). Rethinking about your

hurt gives power to the person who causes you pain. Instead of focusing on your wounded feelings, learn to look for the love, beauty and kindness around you. _____39______ If you understand your offender, you may realize that he or she was acting out of unawareness, fear, and even love. You may want to write a letter to yourself from your offender’s point of view. Don’t forget to forgive yourself. _____40______ But it can rob you of your self-confidence if you don’t do it. A.Why should you forgive? B.How should you start to forgive? C.Recognize the benefits of forgiveness. D.Try to see things from your offender’s angle. E.For some people, forgiving themselves is the biggest challenge. F. To make your anger die away, try a simple stress-management technique. G.If you wait for people to apologize, you could be waiting an awfully long time. 第二部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I wrote my first poem at seven and showed it to my mother.She read and cried, “Buddy, you really wrote a beautiful poem!”Shyly but 41, I said yes.She poured out her 42. “It was nothing short of talent!”“What time will Father be home?” I asked.I could hardly wait to 43 my work to him.I spent quite some time 44 for his arrival. I wrote the poem out in my finest handwriting and 45 I placed it right on my father’s plate on the dining table. I was sure he would46 my poem. At almost 7 o’clock my father burst in. He seemed47. He circled the dining-room table, complaining about his employees. Suddenly he glared at his plate. “What is this?” “Ben, Buddy has written a poem!” my mother began. “And it’s beautiful, absolutely amazing.” “If you don’t mind, I’d like to decide for myself.” Father said. I 48 my head as he read that poem. It was only ten lines. But it seemed to take hours. Then I heard him dropping the poem back on the table. Now came the moment of 49.“I think it’s terrible,” he said.I couldn’t look up. My eyes were getting 50. “Ben, these are the first lines of poetry he’s ever written,” my mother was
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saying. “He needs51.” I couldn’t 52 it another second. I ran from the dining room crying. Up in my room I 53 myself on the bed and cried the worst of the 54 out of me. That may have been the end of the story, but not of its 55 for me. I realized how fortunate I had been. I had a mother who said, “I think it’s wonderful!” and a father who drove me to hear with “I think it’s56 .” Every one of us needs that mother force, from which all 57 flows; and yet the mother force alone is incomplete. It needs the balance of the force that cautions, “Watch. Listen. Review. Improve.” Those 58 voices of my childhood 59 in my ears through the years, like two opposing winds blowing me. Between the two poles of 60and doubt, both in the name of love, I try to follow my true course. 41. A. typically B. 42. A. motivation B. 43. A. recite B. 44.A. waiting B. 45. A. gradually B. 46. A. appreciate B. 47. A. relaxed B. 48. A. shook B. 49. A. decision B. 50. A. dark B. 51. A. arrangement B. 52. A. hold B. 53. A. threw B. 54. A. confusion B. 55. A. challenge B. 56. A. elegant B. 57. A. failure B. 58. A. inspiring B. 59. A. call B. sound 60. A. confirmation B. proudly C. shock C. describe C. preparing C. desperately C. revise C. calm C. lowered C. excitement C. wide C. judgment C. attain C. seated C. pressure C. development C. awful C. creation C. warning C. C. ring restriction C. anxiously criticism show praying confidently read noble raised determination wet encouragement control D. left D. kept disappointment difficulty fluent limit disturbing D. hear distrust D. honestly D. praise D. introduce D. planning D. casually D. polish D. upset D. turned D. devotion D. bright D. adjustment stand D. D. D. D. D. tiredness significance controversial improvement conflicting

D. disapproval

第 II 卷

注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Shortly after the war, my brother and I 61 (invite) to spend a few days’ holiday with my uncle who had just returned from abroad. He had rented a cottage in the country, although he hardly spent much time there. We understood the reason for this after our 62 (arrive): the cottage had no 63 (comfort) furniture in it. The windows were broken and the roof leaked, 64 (make) the whole house wet. 65 our first evening, we sat around the fire after supper listening to the 66 (story) about his adventures in distant countries. I was so tired after the long train journey 67 I would have preferred to go to bed, but I could not bear to miss any of my uncle’s 68 (excite) stories. He was just in the middle of describing a rather terrifying experience he had once had 69 there was a loud crash from the bedroom above, the one where my brother and I were going to sleep. We hurried to our room and a strange sight 70 (meet) our eyes. A large part of the ceiling had fallen right onto the pillow of my bed. 第四部分写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:短文改错(10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中 共有 10 处语言错误, 每句中最多有两处。 每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、 删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均限一词。 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Tom, How time flies! We will have to say goodbye after a week, but I will never forget the beautiful days when we spent together. In my memory, you are such kind a person that you will always offer me help wherever I get into trouble. You
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are the most considerate person who know exactly what I need in our class. Do you still remember that night twenty years ago? When I suddenly fell ill, you carried me to nearest hospital. Moreover, you attended to me careful while I was staying in hospital. Later, you managed to help me with our lessons. Without your help, I couldn’t have passing the exam. Though we are parting soon, but I will keep the favors you’ve ever done me in mind. Best regards, 第二节书面表达(共 1 小题;满分 25 分) 假设你是李华,你的笔友 Tony 因上次高三期中英语考试未及格而倍受打击,情绪低 落。请你写一封信给他,鼓励他重拾自信,实现梦想。 注意: 1、词数不少于 120 个;2、不能使用真实姓名和学校名称。 _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ 参考答案

1-5 ACBAB

6-10 CAABB

11-15 ACBCC

16-20 ACABC 36-40 BFGDE 64. making 70. met 65. On

night? W: Oh, that sounds great, Steve! But you know I’m supposed to meet my friend Daniel that night. Is it OK if he comes along? M: Of course! Text 3 W: My phone bill seems to go up every month. I don’t know what’s going on. M: You need to look at your bill carefully every month. I often call the company whenever something seems wrong. They make major mistakes sometimes. Text 4 M: This book is boring. I’ve been reading it all night, but I really don’t want to finish it. Maybe I should get another book to read. W: I don’t think that’s what your professor had in mind when he gave you that assignment. Text 5 W: I know it’s the day before the test, but I really need your help. My professor is in meetings all day, and none of my classmates will answer their phones. I’ll pay you double your normal rate. M: OK, let me check my schedule… Text 6 W: That’s a beautiful necklace there…the one behind the diamond ring. Can I take a look at it? M: Of course, madam. This just came in yesterday. It’s pretty old, but it’s still in great shape. You can see handmade details everywhere. W: Oh, I love this style. It reminds me a little of what my grandmother used to wear: simple things that were not too fancy. M: Would you like to try it on? W: Maybe I can just check…yeah, just what I thought: a little out of my price range. Thank you, though! M: My pleasure! Let me know if I can help you. Text 7 W: So, what do you think you want to study in college, John?
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21-24 DDBC25-28 ABC 61. were invited 66. stories 改错

29-32 ADDB33-35 BABC 63. comfortable 69. when

41--45BDCBC 46-50ADBAC 51-55CDACD 56-60BBDCA 62. arrival 67. that 68. exciting

1. after 改成 in 2. when 改成 which/that 或者将 when 去掉

3. such 改成 so 4.

wherever 改成 whenever 5. know 改成 knows 6. 在 nearest hospital 前面加 the 7. careful 改成 carefully 8. our 改成 my 9. passing 改成 passed 10. 去掉 but Dear Tom, I’m sorry to hear that you failed in the last Mid-term English exam, but what worries me most is that you are in low spirits when facing failure.As senior three students, we all have taken examinations of different types and experienced failure as well as success . There is no doubt that we should take positive attitudes towards our setbacks.We should spare no efforts to analyze the cause of failure, which could help us escape repeating the similar mistakes.Only when we find out the cause of our failure can we make progress in our study.As for your anxiety, I think doing some sports is good for you because it can give you some time to be refreshed in both body and mind so that we can go on with our learning energetically and efficiently.I hope all above can help you a lot.Let’s work hard together and turn our dream into reality. Yours, Li Hua 附录 1:录音原文 Text 1 M: Mom, can I spend the night at Peter’s house? I finished all my homework, and all my housework is done, too. Dad just said to ask you. W: Come back at eleven. I need your help with something in the kitchen. Text 2 M: Hey, Sis, are you free to join my wife and I at Bacara Restaurant tomorrow

M: I’ve been thinking about film studies. W: Really? I had no idea about it. M: Yeah, most people are pretty shocked to learn that about me. But this is a perfect chance for me. W: What was your parents’ reaction? M: Well, they really want me to be a programmer. They think that’s where the job market is headed for young people. But they understand how much this means to me. W: That’s awesome. Personally, I’m interested in economics. My parents have never pressured me to make any decisions about my major. M: Yeah. Sometimes I wish that my parents were a little bit more like yours... Text 8 M: Mrs. Robinson, I’m Dr. Andrews. Let me just start by telling you that your son is going to be all right. W: Oh, thank goodness! What happened to him? I just got a call from the police department to come down here. M: We’re not quite sure. We think the accident was the other driver’s fault. And that caused Jesse’s car to crash into a tree. The damage to Jesse’s car would suggest that. W: Can I go in and see Jesse? M: I’m afraid not right now, Mrs. Robinson. We need to do some tests, and we need him to get some sleep. I’ll come back outside and give you an update in a few hours, OK? W: All right. But what are we supposed to do here, just wait around for you to come out? M: You’d better get some rest yourself. Come back in three hours, and by that time, I should have more information for you. W: Thank you so much, Dr. Andrews! Text 9 W: Excuse me, sir. Can I help you?
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M: Yes. The way things are organized here is really different than usual. Did you guys change some stuff around or something? W: Yes, we made some changes. The area we’re standing in used to be the bakery, and the meat section was on the other side of the store, but we changed those locations about two weeks ago. And now the meat section is in the back of the store. M: No wonder. I come here once a month. W: What do you think the way it looks? M: Well, to be honest, it’s not as easy for me to find the things I need. I like the old way better. W: You know what? There are quite a few shoppers who have said the same thing to me. I’ll keep it in mind and bring it up with my manager. Is there anything I could help you find? M: I really need some items for the bathroom. Where would I find those? W: On goods shelf four. The entire shelf is filled with things for the bathroom. M: Great! I’m also looking for some oranges, but I can see the fruit section just to the left over there. I’ll let you know if I need any more help. Text 10 The subway system in San Francisco serves the transportation needs of about five million residents, with 45 stations across a dozen cities and towns in the San Francisco Bay Area. There are a total of four lines that are known by color: yellow, orange, red, and blue. All lines travel through San Francisco, and service runs from 5:00 a.m. to midnight. An interesting fact is that only one third of the stations are below street level; the rest are either at street level or travel high above the freeway. The average speed of the trains is 35 miles per hour, but they can go up to 80 miles an hour. The cost to ride the trains depends on how far you want to go. Many people take the train into San Francisco to go to work. This means that the system is very crowded from 7:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m. and again from 3:00 p.m. to 6:00 p.m., but outside these times, the subway system is not very busy. This can be great if you want to get a seat, but it also means that there are fewer trains. During rush hour, trains come every 5-10 minutes, but in the

middle of the day and late at night, trains come every 20-30 minutes. 部分试题解析 阅读 A 试题分析:文章很有意思的介绍了四种有趣的旅馆,一个是由盐所建成的宾馆、一个是通 过滑轮才能上去的树顶上的酒店、一个是住在一个有 30 英尺高的狗的肚子里、一个是山 洞里的旅馆,每一个都很独特。 小题 21:细节题。四个旅馆都有自己的特色,都与众不同。一个是由盐所建成的宾馆、一 个是通过滑轮才能上去的树顶上的酒店、一个是住在一个有 30 英尺高的狗的肚子里、一 个是山洞里的旅馆,所以每一个都很独特,故选 D 小题 22:细节题。本题不难,从 Experience what it was like 5,000 years ago, when people lived in these mountain caves formed by volcanic ash.But your stay will be much more modern.可知在 Gamirasu Cave Hotel 你将会有一种居住在 5000 年 以前的感觉。故选 D 小题 23:推断题。文章介绍了四种酒店,而且这四种每个都有自己的特色,所以作者写作 的目的是介绍一些有趣的旅馆。故选 B 小题 24:推断题。从倒数第 2 个酒店可知,Sweet Willy 是一只有着 30 英尺高的 “狗”。 故 Sweet Willy 指的是 The building of Dog Bark Park Inn B&B .故选 C 阅读 B 【语篇解读】文章介绍了一种新型的防止自行车被盗的一种报警装置。 25. A【解析】细节理解题。根据第 1 段中的“... gives off an alarm when it senses movement”以及第 4 段中的“Siegel created a working model of an alarm that would sound when it sensed movement”可知,它是依靠发出报警声音来达到防盗的目的。 26. B 【解析】细节理解题。根据第 1 段中的“The RFID Bikealarm is attached to the seat on a bicycle”以及第 4 段中的“I decided to mount it to the rails of the seat”可知, 它应该是安装在座位下的横梁上。 27. C 【解析】细节理解题。根据最后一段中的“The device runs off a kind of battery that can be charged by USB within 2 hours”可知,该装置的能量是由电池提供的。 阅读 C 28. A to see whether people’s personality affects their life span 主旨题。题目问的是研究目的是什么,定位至第一段最后一句“A new study in the …246 children of people who had lived to be at least 100“定位句前一段提到了 personality 和 longevity,研究是围绕二者关系展开的,A 项提到了 personality 和 life span,并且 指出是否性格会影响到寿命,故答案为 A。B,C 均未提及,D 项出现了 all,太绝对,文章 只介绍了性格和寿命的关系,这是干扰选项。 29.D They are more likely to get over hardship. 推断题。题目问到关于乐观开朗的人,作者有什么看法。Outgoing 和 sympethetic 定位 至第二段,最后一句“those who like to make friends and help others can gather enough resources to make it through tough times”乐于交友的人可以有更充足的资 源来帮助他们度过艰难时期。D 选项 get over hardship 是同义选项,A 项,B 项并非定
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位区间的词,C 项 resourceful 是原文中定位句出现的,但是后面的 to do 才是强调的部 分,所以 C 项是干扰选项。 30. D Mothers’ negative personality characteristics may affect their children’s lifespans.. 题干问关于挪威妈妈们的研究显示了什么。 Norwegian 定位至第五段, “That study looked at nearly 28,000 Norwegian mothers and found that those moms who were more anxious, depressed and angry were more likely to feed their kids unhealthy diets.”found that 后面即为答案,更焦虑,压力大且易怒的妈妈更有可能带 给孩子不健康的饮食。D 项是同义转述。 31. B Longevity results form a combination of mental and physical health. 题干问这两项新的研究成果表明了什么?定位至最后一段最后一句 “But both studies show that long life isn't just a matter of your physical health but of your mental health.” Show that 后面即为答案,长寿跟身体和心理的健康都有关系。B 项是这句话的 同意转述。 阅读 D 一家科技公司正在研发一款面向智能手机用户的测谎软件,家长、教师甚至线上约会者都 可以使用这款软件。 这款软件通过评估人体面部的血流状况来判断受测者说谎与否。研发者表示,线上交友者 可以利用它判断约会对象是否真的对自己有兴趣。 家长可以用这款软件来分析他们的孩子是否说谎,教师可以凭借它了解到哪些学生具备诚 实的品质。 这款由多伦多的新兴公司 NuraLogix 所研发的应用全名是“透皮光学成像”。 它的核心理念是——人类在各式情绪下会不自觉地形成相应的面部血流量模式,当人们说 谎时,这些模式就会产生变化。 透过智能手机的镜头,软件能够分析人脸肤色的变化,并将之与标准测量结果对照。 2015 年的一项研究显示, 人们在愤怒时血流量更高, 面部发红, 而伤心时血流量则较低, 面色偏白。 发育神经系统专家李康在此领域钻研了 20 年, 他指出, 这种测谎仪能够以一种“安全远程, 时而隐秘”的方式发现真相。 他说:“这款软件或许能对一些人大有裨益,比如教师。我们有很多学生都有数学焦虑症, 但他们却因难为情而不愿意告诉我们。” 然而,李补充道,这项技术将不会代替法庭上使用的测谎仪。他说:“律界要求的测谎精确 度极其高,如基因测试一样,最多只能容许百万分之一的误差。” “我们的这项技术无法达到如此高的精确度,因此我认为它在法庭上将无用武之地。” 他补充说这款交友应用将在几年后推向消费市场。 七选五 本文为一篇说明文。 原谅冒犯你的人对你的身心健康大有裨益, 但是该如何去原谅他们呢? 可通过以下几个步骤:使自己冷静下来;不要等待他人道歉;摆脱冒犯者对你的控制;从 冒犯者的角度看问题以及原谅自己。 36:解析:选 B。本句起到承上启下的作用,根据“Try the following steps...”可知答案, B 项以问句的形式引出下文。 37:解析:选 F。F 项中的 make your anger die away 与 calm yourself 意思一致。

38:解析:选 G。本段指出,不要等待他人道歉。因为许多时候伤害你的人就没打算道歉, 他们也许故意想要伤害你或者和你看问题的方式不同,如果等待他人道歉,就会等相当长 的时间。G 项中的 wait for people to apologize 与本段标题一致。 39:解析: 选 D。 根据 If you understand your offender 以及 from your offender’s point of view 可看出,本段标题为 D 项,即“从冒犯者的角度看问题”。 40:解析:选 E。本段标题为“不要忘记原谅你自己”与 E 项中的 forgiving themselves 一 致,并且 E 项与后面的句子之间正好用 but 连接,有转折的语气。 完型填空 41.考查副词辨析及上下文联系。前文说作者在七岁时就写了第一首诗,故在受到母亲的 夸奖后,作者是害羞和自豪的。typically 典型地;proudly 自豪地;anxiously 紧张地, 焦虑地;honestly 诚实地。故选 B 项。 42.考查名词及上下文联系。句意:她夸奖道:真是有天赋啊!praise 夸奖;surprise 惊奇;criticism 批评;belief 信念。根据“It was nothing short of talent!”可知,母亲 夸奖了作者。故选 D 项。 43.考查动词及上下文联系。句意:“爸爸什么时候回家呢?”“我迫不及待要让父亲看到我 的诗。”recite 背诵; describe 描述;show 展示;introduce 介绍。show sth. to sb. 向某人展示某事物。故选 C 项。 44.考查动词及上下文联系。句意:我花了相当一些时间准备父亲的回来。wait 等待; prepare 准备;pray 祈祷;plan 计划。故选 B 项。 45. 考查副词及上下文联系。 句意: 随意地快速地我用我最拿手的花体字把诗誊写了一遍, 并在旁边画了漂亮的花边。我自信满满地把纸放在餐桌父亲常坐的位置上。gradually 逐 渐地; desperately 拼命地, 绝望地; confidently 自信地; casually 随意地。 故选 C 项。 46.考查动词及上下文联系。句意:我相信他能够鉴赏我的诗。appreciate 欣赏,鉴赏; revise 修订;read 阅读;polish 修改,润色。故选 A 项。 47. 考查形容词及上下文联系。 句意: 晚上七点的时候父亲回来了。 他看起来心烦意乱的, 他绕着餐桌边走边抱怨他的员工。relaxed 放松的; calm 冷静的;高尚的,贵族的; upset 心烦意乱的。工作一天回来不可能是放松的或者冷静的,根据文中父亲一直在走来走去地 抱怨,说明心情是“心烦意乱的”。故选 D 项。 48.考查动词及上下文联系。句意:当父亲在读诗的时候,我低着头。shake 摇晃;lower 低下;raise 举起;turn 翻开,转向。故选 B 项。 49.考查名词及上下文联系。句意:我听到父亲把纸放在桌子上,到了做决定的时候了。 decision 决定;excitement 兴奋;meditation 冥想,沉思;devotion 献身,奉献;故 选 A 项。 50.考查形容词及上下文联系。句意:听到父亲的评价,我抬不起头来,我的眼睛开始湿 润了。dark 黑暗的;wide 宽的; wet 潮湿的;bright 明亮的。作者本来信心满满,结果 父亲却评价“糟糕透了”,所以作者感到很难受。故选 C 项。 51.考查名词及上下文联系。句意:“这是他第一次写诗,”母亲说,“他需要鼓 励。”arrangement 布置,整理;judgment 判断;encouragement 鼓励;adjustment 调整,调节。故选 C 项。 52.考查动词。句意:听到这样的评价,我再也忍受不了。hold 抓住,控制;attain 达 到,实现;control 控制; stand 忍受。故选 D 项。
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53. 考查动词。 句意: 一到房间, 我就扑到床上失望地哭了起来。 threw 扔; seat 坐; leave 离开,留下;keep 保持。threw oneself on the bed 把自己扔到床上,扑到床上。故选 A 项。 54.考查名词。根据上文,作者哭泣的原因是受到这样的评价,故作者感觉是“失望的”。 confusion 困惑;pressure 压力;tiredness 疲劳;disappointment 失望。故选 C 项。 55.考查名词。句意:那也许是这个故事的结尾,但它的意义却一直留在我的心里。我意 识到经历了这些是多么幸运。significance 意义,重要性;development 发展;difficulty 困难;challenge 挑战。故选 D 项。 56.考查形容词。句意:父亲提高声音说:难道世界上糟糕的事还不够多吗?elegant 优 雅的;awful 糟糕的;fluent 流利的,流畅的;controversial 有争议的。故选 B 项。 57. 考查名词。 句意: 我们每个人都需要来自母亲的鼓励, 从中我们可以获得创造力。 failure 失败;creation 创造;limit 限制;improvement 提高。故选 B 项。 58.考查形容词。句意:童年里的这两种相矛盾的声音这些年一直在我耳边萦绕,像两股 相反的风吹着我。inspiring 鼓舞人心的,启发灵感的;warning 警告的;disturbing 烦 扰的,令人不安的;conflicting 相矛盾的,冲突的。文中父亲和母亲的评价截然相反,所 以是“相矛盾的,相冲突的”。故选 D 项。 59.考查谓语动词。句意同上。call 呼叫;sound 发声,听起来;ring 环绕,回响;hear 听见。 60. 考查名词。 句意: 在以爱为名的认同和怀疑之间, 我努力追寻真正属于我自己的道路。 confirmation 认可, 证明; restriction 限制, 约束; distrust 不信任, 怀疑; disapproval 不赞同,反对。故选 A 项。 短文改错 试题分析: 【1】我将在一周后离开,句中用了一般将来时,故用 in +一段时间。 【2】spend 后可以接宾语中,先行词指物,定语从句引导词用 which 或是 that。 【3】如此以至于,so…that,so 后接形容词形式,such 后接名词,再接 that 从句。 【4】根据句意:无论何时我需要帮助,你都给予我帮助。故为 whenever 【5】the most considerate person 表示最体贴的人,先行词为单数形式,故定语从句 中谓语动词用单数形式,故为 knows. 【6】形容词的最高级前面加 the,故为 the nearest. 【7】你非常细致的照顾我,carefully 细致地,副词来修饰动词 【8】帮助了我做我的功课,故为 my. 【9】 没有你的帮助我不可能通过考试, 根据句意用过去的虚拟语气, 主句用 could( should, would, might) + have+过去分词。故用 passed. 【 10 】我们马上要分别了,我将会把你对我的帮助牢记在心底的。前面用了从属连词 though,后面不能用并列连词 but 表转折关系,应去掉 but. 考点:考查学生对词汇语法掌握情况。 点评:本题考查冠词,形容词最高级,名词单复数,时态等,平时注重多积累,答题时结合 句意和语法进行分析,答完后通读,是否通顺,符合逻辑。


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