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2017年广州一模英语试题及答案(完美版)


试卷类型 A

2017 年广州市普通高中毕业班综合测试(一)

英语
2017.3 注意事项: 1. 本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分。答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、 考生号、考场号和座位号填写在答题卡上。用 2B 铅笔将试卷类型(A)填涂在答题卡上的相应位 置上。用 2B 铅笔在“考生号”处填涂考生号信息点,修改时须用橡皮擦擦干净。因测试不考听 力,第 I 卷从第二部分的“阅读理解”开始,试题序号从“21”开始。 2. 作答第 I 卷时,选出每小题答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改 动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。写在本试卷上无效。 3. 第 II 卷必须用黑色笔迹的钢笔或签字笔作答, 答案必写在载答题卡各题目指定区域内相应位置 上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新答案;不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求 作答无效。 4. 考生必须保证答题卡的整洁。考试结束后,将试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第I卷
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)
第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将该选项涂黑。

A Inside the Rain Room The Rain Room has arrived and local art lovers are taking notice. Is it worth the wait? Yes, I assure you it is. Once inside, visitors find a long, dark room with a high ceiling. A single bright light shines through heavy rain falling around visitors. The mist. The damp air. The noise. It feels like a mighty storm is pouring down. But the storm is inside. And visitors aren’t getting wet. Instead, visitors wander in awe, admiring the rain and the artists who created it. The Rain Room was created to highlight the connection between humans, nature and technology. With a tracking system that senses movement and stops the rain wherever visitors move, it does just that. Light and sound produce an experience that feels both natural and foreign. The exhibit is moving on to Atlanta next month. I urge you to visit before then. It’s time to experience the Rain Room for yourself!
英语试卷 A 第 1 页(共 8 页)

Welcome to the Rain Room ? ? ? ?
?

The Rain Room features falling water. Please be aware you may get slightly wet. However, visitors wearing raincoats will be turned away. This exhibit features advanced technology. To ensure its effectiveness, please avoid wearing dark or reflective clothing. Visitors are welcome to take photographs of the exhibit. Children must be accompanied by an adult. For the convenience of all guests, visits are limited to 10 minutes.

21. What's the purpose of the text? A. To attract visitors to a new art exhibit. B. To explain how an exhibit has been created. C. To describe the technology used in the exhibit. D. To promote the artists taking part in an exhibit. 22. What’s the function of the exhibit’s tracking system? A. To keep visitors from getting wet. B. To protect the exhibit from water damage. C. To time how long visitors are in the room. D. To count the number of visitors in the room. 23. What must you do when visiting the Rain Room? A. Wear a raincoat. B. Wear dark clothing. C. Leave your camera outside. D. Pass through within 10 minutes. B Dujiangyan is the oldest man-made water system in the world, and a wonder in the development of Chinese science. Built over 2, 200 years ago in what is now Sichuan Province in Southwest China, this amazing engineering achievement is still used today to irrigate over 6, 000 square kilometres of farmland, take away floodwater and provide water for 50 cities in the province. In ancient times, the region in which Dujiangyan now stands suffered from regular floods caused by overflow from the Minjiang River. To help the victims of the flooding, Li Bing, the region’s governor, together with his son, decided to find a solution. They studied the problem and discovered that the river most often overflowed when winter snow at the top of the nearby Mount Yulei began to melt as the weather warmed. The simplest fix was to build a dam, but this would have ruined the Minjiang River. So instead Li designed a series of channels built at different levels along Mount Yulei that would take away the floodwater while leaving the river flowing naturally. Better still, the extra water could be directed to the dry Chengdu Plain, making it suitable for farming.
英语试卷 A 第 2 页(共 8 页)

Cutting the channels through the hard rock of Mount Yulei was a remarkable accomplishment as it was done long before the invention of gunpowder and explosives. Li Bing found another solution. He used a combination of fire and water to heat and cool the rocks until they cracked and could be removed. After eight years of work, the 20-metre-wide canals had been carved through the mountain. Once the system was finished, no more floods occurred and the people were able to live peacefully and affluently. Today, Dujiangyan is admired by scientists from around the world because of one feature. Unlike modern dams where the water is blocked with a huge wall, Dujiangyan still lets water flow through the Minjiang River naturally, enabling ecosystems and fish populations to exist in harmony. 24. What are the benefits of Dujiangyan according to the first paragraph? A. Reducing flooding and watering farmland. B. Protecting the mountain and reducing the flooding. C. Watering farmland and improving water quality. D. Drying the river and supplying cities with water. 25. What was the main cause of the Minjiang River ’s flooding? A. Heaving rains B. Melting snow. C. Low river banks C. Steep mountains. 26. How was Li Bing able to break through the rocks of Mount Yulei? A. By using gunpowder. B. By flooding the rocks with water. C. By applying a hearing and cooling technique. D. By breaking the rocks with hammers and spades 27. Why is Dujiangyan greatly admired by scientists today? A. It preserved much of the natural river life. B. It took very little time to complete the project. C. The building techniques used were very modern. D. It had raised the living standards of the local people. C Bill Gates recently predicted that online learning will make place-based colleges less significant, and five years from now, students will be able to find the best lectures in the world online. I applaud Mr. Gates. But what’s taking us so long? As early as 1997, MIT(麻省理工)decide to post videos of all university lectures online, for free, for all people. But today, how many students have you met who mastered advanced mathematics or nuclear physics from an MIT online video? Unfortunately, the answer is not many. The problem is the poor quality of online education websites and the experience they provide to students. Those who go to the MIT website and watch courses online are surely very smart people, but it’s not like playing a video game such as World of Warcraft. Only the most ardent students, those who are highly motivated, will devote themselves to
英语试卷 A 第 3 页(共 8 页)

studying these boring online videos. The real question is why er aren’t spending more to develop better online education platforms. Where is the Avatar of education? Think about this. The market for Hollywood films per year is worth around 30 billion USD. Education in the world is a trillion-dollar-a-year market, hundreds of times bigger than Hollywood movies. Yet the most expensive digital learning system ever built cost well under 100 million dollars. Bill Gates’ prediction is going to happen. There is no doubt about this. But it will only happen when we create high level educational content and experiences that engage and excite more than has ever been possible in the real world. 28. What has Bill Gates forecast about online learning? A. It will concentrate on physics lectures. B. It will completely replace real universities. C. It will help to make universities more successful. D. It will play an increasingly important role in education. 29. What does the underlined word “ardent” in Paragraph 3 mean? A. Creative. B. Enthusiastic. C. Well-behaved. D. Experienced. 30. According to the author, what is holding back the popularity of online learning? A. The lack of lectures available online. B. The high cost of access to the websites. C. The low standard of educational websites. D. The competition with online computer games. 31. Why does the author mention Hollywood? A. To show that Hollywood produces many successful movies. B. To prove that education is more profitable than entertainment. C. To argue that movie directors should produce educational content. D. To urge that more money be spent developing educational websites. D Persuasion is the art of convincing someone to agree with you. According to the ancient Greeks, there are three basic tools of persuasion: ethos, pathos, and logos. Ethos is a speaker ’s way of convincing the audience that she is trustworthy, honest and reliable. One common way a speaker can develop ethos is by explaining how much experience or education she has in the field. After all, you’re more likey to listen to advice about how to take care of your teeth from a dentist than a fireman. A speaker can also create ethos by convincing the audience that she is a good person. If an audience cannot trust you, you will not be able to persuade them. Pathos is a speaker ’s way of connecting with an audience’s emotions. For example, a politician who is trying to convince an audience to vote for him might say that he alone can save the country from a terrible war. These words are intended to fill the audience with fear, thus making them support him. Similarly, an animal charity might show an audience pictures of injured dos and cats, to make the viewers feel pity. If the audience feels bad for
英语试卷 A 第 4 页(共 8 页)

the animals, they ill be more likely to donate money. Logos is the use of facts, statistics, or other evidence to support your argument. An audience will be more likely to believe you if you have convincing data to back up your claims. Presenting this evidence is much more persuasive than simply saying “believe me”. Although ethos, pathos, and logos all have their strengths, they are often most effective when used together. Indeed, most speakers use a combination of ethos, pathos, and logs to persuade their audiences so, the next time you listen to a speech, watch a commercial, or listen to a friend try to convince you to lend him some money, be on the lookout for these ancient Greek tools of persuasion. 32. Why does the author say persuasion is an art? A. They both entertain the audience. B. They both require great skill to achieve. C. They both demand full attention from the audience. D. They were both common topics of ancient Greek writers. 33. How is a speaker able to show her ethos to the audience? A. By expressing her sympathy with the audience. B. By telling the audience about her personal preference. C. By using beautiful language to make her statements attractive. D. By showing her knowledge and experience relating to the topic.. 34. What can we learn about the three aspects of persuasion? A. Ethos is the most important aspect of persuasion. B. Each aspect has a different effect on the audience. C. Honesty is the key to making your arguments believable. D. Political leaders mostly use pathos to persuade their audience. 35. An advertisement for washing powder which claims that “scientific tests show that our powder kills 95% of all bacteria: is mainly using _____________. A. ethos B. pathos C. logos D. A combination of all three
第二节(共 5 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余选项。

We’ve all experienced peer pressure(同伴压力). It happens to everybody. However, people have different reactions. Confident people refuse to do things they don’t want to do, but shy and anxious people often give in. It may be because they want to be liked. It may be because they worry that their friends will make fun of them, or perhaps they’re just curious about trying something new. 36 It’s hard being the only one who says no and the question is: how do you do it? 37If you think that missing maths, or smoking, or going somewhere you know your parents wouldn’t like is a bad idea then the answer is simple: don’t do it. It’s your decision, nobody else’s. You don’t need to be aggressive. You don’t need to shout and scream, but you must be confident and you must be firm. You need to say, “No thanks. I don’t want to do that.” Being on your own against everybody else is very hard, so it can really help to have at
英语试卷 A 第 5 页(共 8 页)

least one other peer, or friend, who will say no too. 38 You want friends who will support you when you’re in trouble. You don’t want people who will always agree with the majority. Remember, the most popular people aren’t always the most trustworthy. 39 You can learn a lot from people your own age. They can teach you great football skills or the best way to do your maths homework. They can recommend music and advise you on fashion. And don’t forget you can tell them things too, and that always feels great. So, find friends who have similar interests. And remember, friendship isn ’t about feeling depressed and guilty. 40 A. Choose your friends carefully. B. Firstly, you must decide what you believe in. C. It’s about sharing experiences and having fun. D. Of course, peer pressure isn’t completely bad. E. It may be because they were all born to be stubborn. F. Depression and guilt will surely give you peer pressure. G. Whatever the reason, some people end up doing things they really don’t want to. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)
第一节 完形填空 (共 20 小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Sarah lived on a farm with her family. She was 41 to learn to track, to identify each person and where they were going by the marks they left on the ground. And if her father couldn’t teach her, she’d teach herself. To the 42of her family, she borrowed all their 43and taught herself to recognize everyone’s footprints in the sand. More than once her father came outside shouting, “Sarah, bring me 44my boots.” Sarah developed the habit of walking around with her eyes fixed on the ground, 45the comings and goings of every 46in the place. She also developed the annoying habit of 47everyone. “What ere you doing down at the dam, Jack? You’re not 48to play there.”“Did you find what you were 49in the garage, Auntie?” and “Who was the stranger visiting today wearing size ten boots, Mum?” After she’d 50every pair of shoes that everyone 51,she turned to the farm’s animals. By this time 52her victims had to admit, 53,that she was good. Her best 54came one evening when she said the horse’s front foot was 55. Her father said that the horse was 56fine. Sarah 57that its hoof(蹄) had a split. Sarah’s father 58the horse’s hoof. “You’re 59. The hoof is split. How did you know?” “You can see it in its 60.” Sarah moved the horse away. “Look, it’s plain in the sand.” “If you can tell it has a split hoof from that sand, you’re pretty good,” said her father.
英语试卷 A 第 6 页(共 8 页)

41. A. determined 42. A. expectation 43. A. shoes 44. A. up 45. A. guiding 46. A. vehicle 47. A. surprising 48. A. prepared 49. A. calling for 50. A. worn 51. A. owned 52. A. yet 53. A. guilty 54. A. performance 55. A. tied 56. A. safely 57. A. doubted 58. A. inspected 59. A. lying 60. A. boots

B. forced B. annoyance B. books B. outside B. hearing B. person B. criticising B. invited B. looking for B. collected B. borrowed B. even B. approvingly B. trick B. lost B. extremely B. wondered B. split B. joking B. tracks

C. appointed C. disappointment C. socks C. over C. studying C. animal C. questioning C. qualified C. waiting for C. destroyed C. tried C. also C. merrily C. magic C. injured C. hardly C. insisted C. treated C. right C. jumps

D. encouraged D. delight D. tools D. back D. predicting D. season D. challenging D. allowed D. fighting for D. memorized D. bought D. still D. unwillingly D. idea D. stolen D. perfectly D. discovered D. fastened D. crazy D. hoofs

第 II 卷
注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节 (共 10 小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

My doorbell rings at 11 am. On the step, I find an elderly Chinese lady holding the hand of a little boy. In her other hand has 61 (be) a paper bag. She is the little boy’s 62house next door last October. Nicole grandmother, and her daughter, Nicole, bought result is that her mother has decided

63(obvious) told her mother that I am having a heart operation shortly, and the 64(supply) me with meals. 65(contain) with a I know what is inside the paper bag---a bottle of hot soup and a

meal of rice, vegetables and meat. It’s become a daily occurrence. Communication to the screen, wanted to know 66us is somewhat difficult because she doesn’t speak English and all I can say in Chinese is hello. Once, she brought an iPad as well as the food. She pointed 67showed a message from her daughter telling me that her mother 68the food was all right for me.
英语试卷 A 第 7 页(共 8 页)

So here we are, two grandmothers, neither of

69(we) able to speak the other ’s

language but communicating one way or another (with some help from technology). The doorbell keeps 70(ring) and there is the familiar brown paper bag, handed smilingly to me. 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分)
第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的一下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。没出错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1. 没出错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

Getting rid of the bad habit of procrastination (拖延症) is now my goal in life. My first step was to set small targets what can reached realistically. For example, I plan to set a timetable for my study. So after school, I will put finishing homework in the last place. Additionally, I will make a list of my important task including their due dates but follow my schedule strictly. I will avoid find excuses for putting them off. At same time, I will ask for my friends and parents to help me. By achieving this small targets, I have confident that I will overcome procrastination.

第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李华。你是学生会主席。你校将于 5 月 25-30 日在广州沙面举行龙舟赛 (Dragon Boat Race) 。 请根据以下内容给姐妹学校剑桥中学 (Cambridge High School) 写一封邀请信。 (1)写信目的 (2)活动时间、地点和意义 (3)恢复时间:2017 年 4 月 15 日前 注意: 1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3. 结语已为你写好。

2017 年广州市普通高中毕业班综合测试(一)
英语试卷 A 第 8 页(共 8 页)

第二部分: 21. A 26. C 31. D 36. G 第三部分: 41. A 46. B 51 A 56. D 61. is 66. between
第四部分: 第一节:

22. A 27. A 32. B 37. B 42. B 47. C 52. B 57. C 62. the 67. which

23. D 28. D 33. D 38. A 43. A 48. D 53. D 58. A 63. obviously

24. A 29. B 34. B 39. D 44. D 49. B 54. A 59. C 64. to supply 69. us

25. B 30. C 35. C 40. C 45. C 50. D 55. C 60. B 65. container 70. ringing

68. if/whether

Getting rid of the bad habit of procrastination (拖延症) is now my goal in life. My first step was to set small targets what can reached realistically. For example, I plan to set a that/which is timetable for my study. So after school, I will put finishing homework in the last place. first Additionally, I will make a list of my important task including their due dates but follow tasks and my schedule strictly. I will avoid find excuses for putting them off. At∧ same time, I will ask the for my friends and parents to help me. By achieving this small targets, I have confident that these confidence I will overcome procrastination. 最后一个错误也可把 have 改成 am
五、Two Possible Version

Dear Sir or Madam, I am Li Hua, chairman of the Student Union. I’m writing to invite your school to take part in our school’s upcoming Dragon Boat Race from May 25th to 30th on the Pearl River in Shamian, Guangzhou. The event is a fantastic opportunity for our schools to develop closer ties and to promote cultural exchange. The annual Dragon Boat Festival is one of China’s most important cultural events, commemorating the ancient poet Qu Yuan, who drowned himself after being falsely accused of corruption. It will provide students the chance to learn from
英语试卷 A 第 9 页(共 8 页)

each other, improve their boating skills and promote friendship. We know that Cambridge High School has an outstanding boating team and would love you to take part. We’d appreciate hearing from your reply before April 15th. Yours Sincerely, Li Hua

Dear Sir or Madam, I am Li Hua, chairman of the Student Union. I’m writing to invite your school to this year ’s Dragon Boat Race series here in Guangzhou. The race series takes place from 25th to 30th May at Shamian Island, one of our city’s most beautiful areas Besides having an excellent rowing team, I’m told your school has a great interest in Chinese culture. So your participation will be of great value to your school ’s students. It will allow them to experience one of China’s most important traditional festivals, commemorating an important figure from our history. They’ll also enjoy the many colorful activities and delicious foods that are part of the festival. If you can come, please reply before 15th April, so we can prepare. I look forward to your response. Yours Sincerely, Li Hua
第二节: 一、评分原则 1.本题总分为 25 分,按 5 个档次给分。 2.评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,确 定或调整档次,最后给分。 3.词数少于 80 和多于 120 的,从总分中减去 2 分。 4.评分时应注意的主要内容为:内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的丰富性和准确性及上下文 的连贯性。 5.拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。评分时,应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。 英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。 6.如书写较差以至影响交际,将其分数降低一个档次。 二、内容要点 1. 感谢他的指导; 2. 告知庆典时间和地点;
英语试卷 A 第 10页(共 8 页)

3. 邀请他参加庆典并发言。 三、各档次的给分范围和要求 第五档(21~25 分) 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 - 覆盖所有内容要点。 - 应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。 - 语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误,但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致。 - 有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。 完全达到了预期的写作目的。 第四档(16~20 分) 完成了试题规定的任务。 - 虽漏掉一两个次重点,但覆盖所有主要内容。 - 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 - 语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确,些许错误主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构或词汇所致。 - 应用简单的语句间连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。 达到了预期的写作目的。

第三档(11~15 分) 基本完成了试题规定的任务。 - 虽漏掉一些内容,但覆盖所有主要内容。 - 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 - 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解。 - 应用简单的语句间连接成分,使全文内容连贯。 整体而言,基本达到了预期的写作目的。

第二档(6~10 分) 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 - 漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容,写了一些无关内容。 - 语法结构单调,词汇知识有限。 - 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响了对写作内容的理解。 - 较少使用语句间的连接成分,内容缺少连贯性。 信息未能清楚地传达给读者。

第一档(1~5 分) 未完成试题规定的任务。 - 明显遗漏主要内容,写了一些无关内容,原因可能是未理解试题要求。

英语试卷 A

第 11页(共 8 页)

- 语法结构单调,词汇知识有限。 - 较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响对写作内容的理解。 - 缺乏语句间的连接成分,内容不连贯。 信息未能传达给读者。

0分 未能传达给读者任何信息:内容太少,无法评判;所写内容均与所要求内容无 关或所写内容无法看清。 四、说明 1.内容要点可用不同方式表达。 2.应紧扣主题,可适当发挥。

英语试卷 A

第 12页(共 8 页)


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