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高三英语二轮复习--短文改错专项练习


高考英语二轮复习--短文改错专项训练
一、明确方向:课标对短文改错题目要求: 第一节: 满分 10 分。 本题给出一篇约 100 个单词的短文, 文中有 10 处错误, 错误类型包括词法、句法、行文逻辑等。要求考生对每个句子进行判断,如有错 误即将其改正。 二、解题规范: 假定英语课上老师要求同学们交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的作文。文中 共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修 改。 增加:在缺词处加上一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从 11 处起)不计分。 三、牛刀小试:可以先从单句改错练起:单句改错.(下列句子各有一处错误,请改正)
1. Now people get a lot of informations from TV. 2. Germany is an European country. 3. They didn’t want me to do any work at family. 4. Yesterday I met an old friend of me. 5. Boys and girls, don’t lose hearts. Do better next time. 6. They are of different size. 7. It is so beautiful place that you must visit it. 8. What a terrible weather we have been having! 9. It took place in France, an European country. 10. Suddenly I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd. 11. What good time we had last night! 12. We shall spend three-day holiday together. 13. I came to understand that was not easy to earn money. 14. Some parents think useless for girls to go to school. 15. When he bought a chocolate cake, he put them in a secret place. 16. One day I wrote a little story and showed to my teacher. 17. It’s important that we should think over before doing anything. 18. The truck was moving so fast that the driver couldn’t control. 19. I apologized and controlled me at my best till the dinner started. 20. We must take part in social practice to prepare us well for our future. 21. The teacher did not punish for cheating but instead gave me a second chance. 22. Henry did not like his car, that ran badly and often broke down. 23. There was a five-pound note in the pocket of the trousers I had told her to wash it.
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24. People can hardly do some fishing there. 25. I visited a place where is surrounded by mountains. 26. I am sure you will find one you like it. 27. It was yesterday when he broke the window. 28. He had lost his glasses without them he couldn’t see. 29. Oliver Twist, the hero of the story, he was an orphan. 30. It starts with choosing a tree from neither a farm or a store. 31. She never has enough time for that she wants to do. 32. I find what I have one shortcoming in my character. 33. What necessary it is that we get rid of the bad habits . 34. It didn’t matter that I would win or not. 35. People in the US drink more coffee than people in any country. 36. The development will bring us much more hopes and chances. 37. The Olympics are held each four years. 38. A summer, Fane traveled abroad. 39. I hope you think about my request as soon as possibly. 40. I know you are particular interested in Human Rights. 41. As there is no air or water, there can be no life , too. 42. There were too many nice things that I didn’t know what to choose. 43. He decides to travel a lot and visit such many new places as possible. 44. I couldn’t see as clear as before. 45. The water in it is so dirty that it smells terribly. 46. I appreciate your help very well. 47. You always gave me specially attention and inspired me. 48. It was until midnight that it stopped raining. 49. People both at home and abroad have been great helped by the new computer. 50. He has to work if he wants to live comfortable. 51. She is a brave and honesty girl. 52. It is much easy to make plans than to carry them out. 53. It is convenient for me to prepare for the exam than before. 54. He gave me an order worthy 15 million dollars. 55. The tree was put into a Christmas stand that holds the tree up straightly. 56. Is teaching kids English as interested as you expected in college? 57. We had guests last night who had not stayed in it ago. 58. We are all very much active and the activities are enjoyable. 59. If you won’t want to take a taxi, you can go by bus. 60. Our city is a modern city. It set up in the early 1980s. 61. Bad habits not come suddenly. 62. I have caught a bad cold for a week and I can’t get rid of it. 63. Following the road and you will find the store. 64. I rush over without delay, jumped into the water and swam towards him.
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65. You must do everything you can help them. 66. When a rabbit see something dangerous, it runs away. 67. Its tail, which is white, moving up and down as it runs. 68. Think perhaps I was too tired, I stood up and was going to sleep. 69. I was often tired and watch TV demands little effort. 70. The little girl hurried home with the remained money. 71. His young patient was soon able to get up and ran about again. 72. It was kind of them to meet me at the station and drove me to their home. 73. She liked it very much and reads it to the class. 74. There were over 1000 students attend it. 75. Is it likely to be any food at the party on Saturday? 76. Please excuse us for not able to say goodbye to you. 77. He spends hours on the telephone, talks to his friends. 78. Filling with many people, the room is crowded. 79. At the interview there are many people who wait to interviewed for jobs. 80. It will cost a rocket a hundred thousand years to reach it. 81. There used to have a church in front of the school. 82. Hope you great success in your work! 83. All you can do is encouraging him, show him understanding and offer him advice. 84. In Friday afternoon, some students took part in a speech activity. 85. In a few weeks the story was returned to her. 86. It was very fine when I got up early on last Sunday morning. 87. I rushed out the house as quickly as I could. 88. It is necessary to decide what is worth taking notice. 89. I had difficulty in grammar after I entered into the school. 90. She could hardly afford for the medical care. 91. But we don’t seem to have much time to talk about together. 92. He was punished because what he had done. 93. The ice isn’t thick enough for us to skate. 94. I gave you my luggage at a quarter of an hour ago. 95. I am writing to thank you with your kind help. 96. He means to come no earlier as that time. 97. We must return back to school this afternoon 98. Child as he is, but he knows a lot. 99. Having been ill for a long time, so she fell behind her classmates. 100.Thinking he happened to have no work to do, and he came back home.

四、步步为营:单句改错(下列句子各有两处错误,请改正)
1. If you close your eyes, you can’t see something, because your eyelids prevent the light enter your eyes 2. For our joy, Li Ding, monitor of our class, who was among the winners. 3. The only thing I can think is when I am going to get home listen to my music.
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4. All my classmates are busy prepare for the exam except myself. 5. The main problem was in that I always thought in Chinese and tried to translate anything into English. 6. I communicated myself thanks to his great kindness. 7. I was great delighted to learn that you do very well in the mid-term examination. 8. If you learning English, it is not enough only to keep in minds the rules of grammar. 9. I get up very early this morning to go to the airport to meet Mr. White, a expert from the USA. 10. One and a half year later, I now think English a fun to learn. 11. I went through the test for many times but I can only answer three out of the twenty questions. 12. For instance, on one night, they played strong and loudly music till 4 o’clock in the morning. 13. Thinking he had no work to do, and my father came back home, quickly finishing his supper and left for the cinema. 14. Men have been interesting in the stars ever since they first looked up into sky. 15. That is difficulty to say how many people are learning English. 16. Three years ago, he was picked out and send to study in abroad. 17. Sometimes, I wish I can stay in a quiet place lonely, away from this city for a long time. 18. Many years ago, I step into a bookstore for some books I wanted them. 19. Having learned why he wanted the book, and the bookseller gave him some writing papers and a new pencil as a gift. 20. you can find all kinds information in just a few minute on the internet. 21. I got know that they were college students travel in china. 22. Under the help of him and my classmates, I made some progresses. 23. We went to the zoo on last Sunday. There were a lot of visitors stood in front of the ticket window. 24. With development of mobile phones, the short message service is becoming more and more popular for us nowadays. 25. On the night before my first day, I was much excited to go to sleep and as a result, I got up lately in the morning. 26. Three years ago, I was studying to abroad in Japan. It was there where I began reading comic books. 27. Have they ever thought of plastic bags do harm our environment? 28. It is certainly that Zhang Village will built into a better modern village. 29. On the ceremony we made a statement which as grown-ups we should have sense of duty to our society from now on. 30. Though the city is modern, but there are still some problems, such as air pollution crowdedness and noisy.

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五、经典再现 感悟高考【2014 年高考各省市短文改错题汇总】
一、Correction 1(2014 课标全国Ⅰ) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Nearly five years before, and with the help by our father, my sister and I planted some cherry tomatoes(圣女果)in our back garden. Since then—for all these year—we had been allowing tomatoes to self-seed where they please. As result, the plants are growing somewhere. The fruits are small in size, but juicy and taste. There are so much that we often share them with our neighbors. Although we allow tomato plants to grow in the same place year after year, but we have never had any disease or insect attack problems. We are growing wonderfully tomatoes at no cost! 二、Correction 2(2014 课标全国Ⅱ) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 My dream school starts at 8:30 a.m. and ends at 3:30 p.m. They are three lessons in the morning and two in the afternoon. We didn’t need to do so many homework. Therefore, we have more time with after-school activities. For example, we can do reading for one and a half hour and play sports for one hour every day. My dream school look like a big garden. There are all kinds of the flowers and trees around the classroom buildings. We can lie on the grass for a rest, or sat by the lake listening music. The teachers here are kind and helpfully. They are not only our teachers but also our friends. 三、Correction 3(2014 浙江) 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 I was taking a train to London’s Victoria Station. I had noticed that the carriage was noise and filled with people. Before long, a train inspector comes to check our tickets. A passenger realized he couldn’t find his ticket but became quite upset. Then everyone in the carriage began searching the ticket,
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which was eventually found under a seat several rows from his owner. The person who found a ticket smiled with pleasure at his success. No one in the carriage had previous spoken to or even noticed the ticket-owner before. Yet they had so quickly offered the strangers their help. If we could show concern to others on need, the world would be a better place to live in. 四、Correction 4(2014 辽宁) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Jeremy and Alice, Although we’ve been delighted to have you as neighbors, we’re hoping to settle something that bothers to us. In a word, your dog—Cleo. We’ve called several time about Cleo’s early morning barking. It is difficult to understanding why she barks every minute she’s outside. The early morning barking have been disturbing us as we are often up all night with the baby. Beside, Cleo tends to bark a average of six hours a day. This morning she starts barking even before 5 o’clock. That is too much for us, considering how closely the houses are. We appreciate our apologies and goodwill, but we hope that you can figure a good way of settling the matter. Sincerely, Jack and Rose 五、Correction 5(2014 四川) 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1.每句不超过两个错误; 2.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 3.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Hello, boys and girls! Today, I am going to talk with what you should do when a fire alarm go off. If you hear the alarm, stand in line at the door and wait your teacher to lead you outside. Stay close to your teacher and classmate. Don’t panic or get out of line, and trying to remain quiet and calmly. Soon the firefighters will come and put out a fire. If it’s a false alarm and there is no fire, your teacher will lead us back to the classroom. If you notice that when someone is missing and hurt, tell your teacher immediately.

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一、答案 第一句:before→ago 此处讲述的是过去发生的事情,和一般过去时连用的应是 ago,before 常 和完成时连用。 第一句:by→of with the help of...在……的帮助下,为固定短语。 第二句:year→years 句中 year 是可数名词,前面的 these 应修饰复数形式的名词。 第二句:had→have 时间状语 since then 通常和现在完成时连用,而不是过去完成时。 第三句:在 result 前加 a as a result 结果,为固定短语。 第三句:somewhere→everywhere 根据句意可知是“到处都有”,所以用 everywhere。 第四句:taste→tasty 本句中 small,juicy 和 tasty 是并列的表语,所以要用形容词。 第五句:much→many 根据前面的 be 动词 are 和后面的 them 可知应是代替可数名词复数的 many。 第六句:删掉 but/but→yet 引导让步状语从句的 although 不能和连词 but 连用,但是可以和副 词 yet 连用。所以可以删掉 but,也可以把 but 改为 yet。 第七句:wonderfully→wonderful 修饰名词时应用形容词。 二、答案 [语篇解读] 本文为记叙文,题材是学校生活类。作者描述了自己心目中理想的校园。 第二句:They→There 表示“上午有三节课,下午有两节课”应使用 there be 句型。 第三句:didn’t→don’t 全文时态是以一般现在时为主,故应将 didn’t 改为 don’t。 第三句:many→much homework 是不可数名词,故应用 much 修饰。 第四句:with→for 表示时间、金钱、空间等足够/足以(用于……)时,应使用介词 for。 第五句:第一个 hour→hours “一个半小时”要说 one and a half hours。 第六句:look→looks 主语 My dream school(我梦想中的学校)是单数,其谓语动词也应使用第 三人称单数形式。 第七句:删掉第一个 the all kinds of(各种各样的)后直接加可数名词复数或不可数名词,不用 再加冠词。 第八句:sat→sit We can lie...,or (can) sit... 第八句:listening 后加 to listen 是不及物动词,接宾语时要加介词 to。 第九句 :helpfully→helpful and 连接两个形容词作表语 , 故应将副词 helpfully 改为形容词 helpful。 三、答案 1.第二句:删掉 had。此处指过去发生的事情,应用一般过去时。 2.第二句:noise→noisy。此处作表语,应该是形容词。 3.第三句:comes→came。此处是过去发生的事情,应用一般过去时。 4.第四句:but→and。此处是顺承关系。 5.第五句:在 searching 后加 for。搜寻某个东西应该用 search for。 6.第五句:his→its/the。此处指票的主人。 7.第六句:a→the。此处特指丢了的票。 8.第七句:previous→previously。此处应该用副词形式。 9.第八句:strangers→stranger。此处指的是票的主人,只有一个人,所以用单数。 10.第九句:on→in。此处是固定词组 in need。 四、答案

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1.第一段:去掉 bothers 后的 to bother sb.打扰某人。 2.第二段第一句:time→times 考查名词复数。several times 好几次。 3.第二段第二句:understanding→understand 根据 it’s difficult to do sth.句型可知。 4.第二段第三句:have→has 考查主谓一致。the early morning barking 为单数,所以谓语动词 也应为单数形式。 5.第二段第四句:Beside→Besides 此处应为副词 besides 而不是介词 beside。 6.第二段第四句:average 前的 a→an 考查冠词。average 为以元音音素开头的单词,所以应用 冠词 an。 7.第二段第五句:starts→started 考查时态。因为是今天早晨发生的事情,所以用一般过去时。 8.第二段第六句:closely→close 考查形容词。形容词 close 作表语。 9.第三段:our→your 考查物主代词。 10.第三段:在 figure 后加 out 根据动词短语 figure out(想出)可知答案。 五、答案 1.第二句:with→about talk with sb.和某人交谈;talk about sth.谈论某事。 2.第二句:go→goes 主语是 a fire alarm,谓语动词要用单数形式。 3.第三句:在 wait 后面加 for wait for sb.to do sth.等待某人做某事。 4.第四句:classmate→classmates classmate 是可数名词,根据语境可知不止有一个同学,所以 要用复数形式。 5.第五句:trying→try and 连接的是并列的两个祈使句,前面是表示否定的祈使句,后面应是 肯定的祈使句,所以要用动词原形。 6.第五句:calmly→calm 此处作系动词 remain 的表语,所以应用形容词,和 quiet 并列。 7.第六句:a→the 此处应该是特指上文提到的火灾。 8.第七句:us→you 人称代词错误。前文用的是人称代词 you,所以此处也应该是 you。 9.第八句:删掉 when 引导词使用重复,that 已经引导宾语从句,所以 when 多余,而且不符合语 境。 10.第八句:and→or 此处应该是选择关系而不是并列关系。

Answers: 1-5 informations-information; an-a; family-home; me--mine; hearts-heart; 6-10 size-sizes; a place; 删除 a; an-a; 删除 a 11-15 a good time; a three-day; that 后加 it; think 后加 it; them-it; 16-20 showed 后加 it; think 后加 it; control 后加 it; me-myself; us-ourselves; 21-25 punish 后加 me; that-which; 删除 it; some-any; where-which; 26-30 删除 it; when-that; them-which; 删除 he; neither-either; 31-35 that-what; what-that; What-How; that-whether; any 后加 other; 36-40 much-many; each-every; A-One; possibly-possible; particular-particularly; 41-45 too-either; too-so; such-as; clear-clearly; terribly-terrible; 46-50 well-much; specially-special; was 后加 not; great-greatly; comfortable-comfortably; 51-55 honesty-honest; easy-easier; is 后加 more; worthy-worth; straightly-straight; 56-60 interested-interesting; ago-before; 删除 much; won’t-don’t; It 后加 was; 61-65 habits 后加 do; caught-had Following-Follow; rush-rushed; can 后加 to; 66-70 see-sees; moving-moves; think-Thinking; watch-watching; remained-remaining; 71-75 ran-run; drove-drive; reads-read; attend-attending; it-there;
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76-80 not 后加 being; talks-talking; Filling-Filled; to 后加 be; cost-take; 81-85 have-be; Hope-Wish; encouraging-encourage; In-On; In-After; 86-90 删除 on; out 后加 of notice 后加 of; 删除 into; 删除 for 91-95 删除 about; because 后加 of; skate 后加 on; 删除 at; with-for; 96-100 as-than; 删除 back; 删除 but; 删除 so; 删除 and; 单句改错(下列句子各有两处错误,请改正) 1. something-anything; enter-entering; 2. For-To; 删除 who; 3. think 后加 about; home 后加 to; 4. prepare-preparing; myself-me; 5. 删 除 in; anything-everything; 6. myself-my; to-for; 7. great-greatly; do-did; 8. learning-learn; minds-mind; 9. get-got; a-an; 10. year-years; 删除 a; 11. 删 除 for; can-could; 12. 删 除 on; loudly-loud; 13. 删 除 and; finishing-finished; 14. interesting-interested; into 后加 the; 15. That-It; difficulty-difficult; 16. send-sent; 删除 in; 17. can-could; lonely-alone; 18. step-stepped; 删除 them; 19. 删除 and; papers-paper; 20. kinds 后加 of; minute-minutes; 21. got 后加 to; traveling; 22. Under-With; progresses-progress; 23. 删除 on; stood-standing; 24. With 后加 the; for-with; 25.much-too; lately-late; 26. 删除 to; where-that; 27. 删除 of; harm 后加 to; 28. certainly-certain; will 后加 be; 29. which-that; have 后加 a; 30. 删除 but; noisy-noise

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