艾青中学 2014 学年第一学期高三滚动检测英语试卷 （满分 120 分，考试时间 120 分钟） 命题人： 方玉霜 说明：本试卷分第 I 卷（选择题）和第 II 卷（非选择题） 。请将第 I 卷选择题的答案用 2B 铅 笔填涂到机读卡上，第 II 卷答在答题卡上。交卷时只交机读卡和答题卷。 第 I 卷（选择题部分共 80 分） 第一部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 30 分）
第一节：单项填空（共 20 小题；每小题 0.5 分，满分 10 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑 1. Sam has been appointed _____ manager of the engineering department to take_____ place of George. A. /; / B. the; the C the; / D./ ; the
2. The world will be different from what it is now, and we will have to be prepare to_____ to the change. A. adapt B. adopt C. apply D. devote
3. The girl has a great interest in sport and ______badminton classes twice a week over the last three years. A. took B. is taking C. takes D. has been taking
4.----Where did you see the movie Life of Pi directed by Ang Lee? ---- It was in the cinema_____ I regularly go . A. where B. that C. which D. what
5. The report ____rewarding the child for good behavior and many experts approves of this opinion. A. admitted B. accepted C. advocated D. acknowledged
6. Riding a bicycle can be fun. But _______ you ride a bike to work, and then there isn’t one to ride home? A. how come B. what if C. no matter how D. wherever
7. It ____not seem like a big deal to you, yet you can make profits in the long run.. A. might B. must C. should D. would
8. For quite a few students, their teacher’s advice is more important than_____ of their parents’. A. one B. that C. it D. any
9. Wouldn’t you rather your child_____ successful with his study and on the scholarship? A. become B. became C. would become D. becomes
10. I thought her nice and honest ______ I met her. A. the first time the first time 11. People do certain things almost_____, such as talking the same route to school, or biting their nails. A .occasionally B. frequently C. automatically D. regularly B. for the first time C. first time D. by
12. China has been pushing the reform of public hospitals _____ all its citizens. A. in charge of for the benefit of 13.____ herself with routine office tasks, she had no time to attend to her children. A. Occupying B. Occupied C. Being occupied D. To be occupied B. for the purpose of C. in honor of D.
14. Student loan is supposed to provide financial support for people who would _____ not be able to go to college. A. otherwise meanwhile nevertheless 15. I’m not sure how much scholarship you will receive, but it will roughly_____ your major expenses. A. donate B. abolish C. settle D. cover B. C. therefore D.
16. We need to make people _____ these problems, which is important to the development of our country. A. accustomed to B. worried about C. familiar to D. aware of
17. According to scientists, our mental abilities begin to____ from the age of 27 after reaching the highest level at 22． A. decline B. differ C. fail D. shrink
18. It never occurred to me _____ you could succeed in persuading him to change his mind. A. which B. what C. that D. if
19. The old man has a son and two daughters, ______ treat him well, _______ made him very sad.
A. and none of whom; as C. and none of whom; what 20. -----How good the news is for you! -----______________． A. You are friendly to tell me C. It's kind of you to say so
B. neither of them; which D. none of whom; which
B. I'm glad to see that D. It's nice to hear from you
第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出 可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Have you ever not wanted to do something so badly that you would rather die than go? Well that’s how I 21 about joining Madcaps, a mothers and daughters club
assisting philanthropies（慈善事业. But now I believe that you 22 open up your mind to things because eventually you might 23 end up enjoying it.
“It’s a waste of time”, I said when my mom told I had to join Madcaps, and then when she said I had to not be 25 . 24 at a homeless shelter I thought this just could
We got there late, of course, and the security guard led us to the kitchen 26 we ran into 48 other fellow Madcaps members. Since I’m 27 so socially awkward I had met only one person at a pool party, earlier this year. I looked around for her but she was not there. Damn, I was 28 ! When the man in charge came out and asked for 3 mothers to work outside the to volunteer leaving me to 29 to clean up the plates, my mom just happened
30 food with others.
Soon the 31 families started to walk in and a little girl walked up and pointed to the food I was 32 I gave her the cold sandwich, she nodded in a form of saying 33 , and then walked to join her family at the large table. As she walked away I thought of how much I I have a great house 34 .I get to go the top schools.
and I have a warm meal every night. It 35 that little girl 36 . Now,
to make me realize how lucky I am. After that moment I had a change of I love Madcaps, I have 37
being socially awkward and now have many friends. And 38 the required 20 hours of philanthropies.
this year I am sure I will do
I believe that if you have an 39 mind about things you can accomplish more and become a better rounded person. I believe sometimes you can make a difference just 40 doing one thing you don’t want to do . 21．A．cared 22．A．should 23．A．also 24．A．report 25．A．better 26．A．where 27．A．suddenly 28．A．shy 29．A．kitchen 30．A．pack 31．A．poor 32．A．playing with 33．A．hello 34．A．had 35．A．moved 36．A．heart 37．A．believed in 38．A．more than 39．A．intelligent 40．A．before B．joked B．would B．just B．live B．sooner B．when B．occasionally B．late B．house B．purchase B．homeless B．putting away B．sorry B．earned B．took B．luck B． learnt from B．nothing but B．abstract B．by C．felt C．may C．not C．donate C．easier C．until C．hardly C．alone C．club C．serve C．voluntary C．looking for C．thanks C．achieved C．helped C．identity C．got over C．anything but C．empty C．upon D．doubted D．can D．still D．volunteer D．worse D．because D．normally D．hopeless D．shelter D．bake D．local D．holding out D．okay D．did D．encouraged D．taste D．thought about D．less than D．open D．to
第二部分：阅读理解（共两节，第一节 20 小题，第二节 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 50 分） 第一节：阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项 A、B、C、D 中选出最佳选项。 A China has a long tradition of respecting education. But its present education is not that respectable. According to the Hurun Report, which conducted one-on-one interviews with 980 wealthy Chinese people with net assets of more than 60 million yuan ($9.5 million)
in 18 mainland cities from May to September, about 14 percent of them said they had either already moved overseas or had applied to do so, and another 46 percent said they planned to emigrate within three years. All cited （表扬）the higher-quality education available for their children overseas as the reason. Such a mindset has resulted in a growing number of Chinese students studying abroad. To be fair, our primary and high schools are a leader in content throughout the world. The Program for International Student Assessment last year offered a feather in the cap for our education. Participating in the program run by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, teenagers in Shanghai were far in advance of their peers from 64 countries, including the United States, in reading literacy, mathematics and science. So why does education in this country leave so many wealthy parents cold? Children in China have no say in what they learn. They normally learn by rote and are forced to study the subjects that help them in examinations for a school of a higher grade, especially the college entrance exams. Studies conducted by the China Youth and Children Research Center show that more than half of Chinese secondary school students study overtime and they don't get enough sleep. And more than 70 percent of students in primary and middle schools take after-school tutoring classes, which is considered a heavy burden on children. And this situation turns many parents into demons like "Wolf Father" Xiao Baiyou in Guangdong province, who supported his children's learning with verbal abuse and physical violence. Xiao doesn't pale in comparison to Tiger Mother Amy Chua in the United States. He is satisfied with his parenting skills, as he has sent three of his four children to Peking University, one of China's most prestigious higher learning institutions. Such ways of stimulating (刺激) children to learn are certainly scary enough to make those Chinese parents with deep pockets choose a foreign school for their kids. As long as exams-oriented education continues, parents will look overseas for a better way to educate their children.
41. How many of the wealthy Chinese interviewed were in favor of moving overseas? A. 14% of them. B. 46% of them. C. 32% of them. D. 60% of them.
42. What reason was given by the interviewed for their emigration to other countries? A. Better education for children. C. Higher standard of living. B. one-on-one public service. D. Increasing net assets.
43. What does “a feather in the cap” Paragraph 4 most probably mean? A. A hop. B. An honor. C. An escape. D. A challenge.
44. Education in China is criticized in this passage for the following flaws EXCEPT ______. A. burdening children with after-school tutoring classes B. Depriving children of sleep with too much study C. forcing children to take college entrance exams D. making children learn by rote memorization 45. What is the author’s opinion of “Wolf Father” and “Tiger Mother” parenting style? A. Supportive. B. Satisfactory. C. Stimulating. B Top Four Ways to Build a Wonderful Life 1. Live Below Your Means There will always be temptation to give up the future for immediate pleasure. We all want to buy that new piece of technology, treat ourselves to an expensive night on the town, or take out a loan for the flashy car we can’t afford. It might feel great at the time but unwise spending hurts a lot later on. Enjoy life’s simple pleasures and save as much as you can. Expensive things don’t create lasting happiness and security. Careful spending will bring you greater leisure and enjoyment in the long run. 2. Put Your Money to Work Saving is great, but to make the most of your money you need to put it to work. Good investments can be the difference between retiring in your 40’s or in your 60’s. A post today at The Simple Dollar really got me thinking. According to Trent’s D. Scary.
estimates, if a person in their early 20’s invests 20% of their income in an S&P index fund, the interest they earn will equal their current salary when they reach their early 40’s. They could retire without a drop in income! Wise investing is the surest path to financial independence and it’s something everyone can work on. It’s definitely an area I’ll be devoting more attention to in my personal life. 3. Educate Yourself To be happy we need continuous growth. The best way to grow is life-long education. This doesn’t mean you need to pursue a doctorate or spend 2 hours reading every day. Self-education can be anything that takes you out of your comfort zone. The important part is keeping an open mind and searching for fresh ideas and perspectives. Education builds over time. It might feel like the bits of wisdom you acquire don’t mean much, but over the years they add up to form a wiser, kinder, more interesting person. 4. Develop Lasting Personal Relationships Suppose you had everything you wanted. Would you be happy without anyone to share it with? The personal relationships we develop with friends and family members are the greatest source of happiness in our lives. Don’t forget about them. Taking the time to cultivate and enjoy personal relationships is essential to long-term happiness. Without the people you care about you’ll probably be miserable, no matter how successful you become. 46. According to the passage, in order to achieve financial independence after retirement, we’d better ________. A. get along well with our family and friends well as enjoyment C. invest our money wisely when we are young D. learn some new skills and try to find a new job 47. From the passage we can infer that some people try to ________. A. gain happiness by buying themselves expensive things B. save everything they can to help those in need C. devote more attention to their personal life D. take out a loan to promote technology B. bring ourselves leisure as
48. The author of the passage may agree that the key to self-education is ________. A. gaining as many degrees as possible ideas and views C. only focusing on very big events D. creating long-term happiness B. being open to new
49. The above passage is written in order to ________. A. explain what true happiness is about B. offer ways to achieve a happy and successful life C. introduce different definitions about happiness D. persuade readers to find out the meaning of life C It’s an annual argument. Do we or do we not go on holiday? My partner says no because the boiler could go, or the roof fall off, and we have no savings to save us. I say you only live once and we work hard and what’s the point if you can’t go on holiday. The joy of a recession means no argument next year – we just won’t go. Since money is known to be one of the things most likely to bring a relationship to its knees, we should be grateful. For many families the recession means more than not booking a holiday. A YouGov poll of 2,000 people found 22% said they were arguing more with their partners because of concerns about money. What’s less clear is whether divorce and separation rates rise in a recession – financial pressures mean couples argue more but make splitting up less affordable. A recent research shows arguments about money were especially damaging to couples. Disputes were characterized by intense verbal (言语上的) aggression, tended to be repeated and not resolved, and made men, more than women, extremely angry. Kim Stephenson, an occupational psychologist, believes money is such a big deal because of what it symbolizes, which may be different things to men and women. “People can say the same things about money but have different ideas of what it’s for,” he explains. “They’ll say it’s to save, to spend, for security, for freedom, to show someone you love them.” He says men are more likely to see money as a way of buying status and of showing their parents that they’ve achieved something.
“The biggest problem is that couples assume each other knows what’s going on with their finances, but they don’t. There seems to be more of a taboo (禁忌) about talking about money than about death. But you both need to know what you’re doing, who’s paying what into the joint account and how much you keep separately. In a healthy relationship, you don’t have to agree about money, but you have to talk about it.” 50. What does the author say about vacationing? A. People enjoy it all the more during a recession. it without working hard. C. It is the chief cause of family disputes. work worthwhile. 51. What does the author mean by saying “money is known to bring a relationship to its knees” ? A. Money is considered to be the root of all evils. ruin a relationship. C. Few people can resist the temptation of money. dignity for money. 52. The YouGov poll of 2,000 people indicates that in a recession ________. A. couples show more concern for each other couples to split up C. conflicts between couples tend to rise increase 53. What does Kim Stephenson believe? A. Men and women view money in different ways. B. Money is often a symbol of a person’s status. C. Men and women spend money on different things. D. Money means a great deal to both men and women. 54. The author suggests at the end of the passage that couples should ________. A. put their money together instead of keeping it separately B. discuss money matters to maintain a healthy relationship C. make efforts to reach agreement on their family budgets D. divorce and separation rates B. it is more expensive for D. Some people sacrifice their B. Disputes over money may D. It makes all the hard B. Few people can afford
D. avoid arguing about money matters to remain romantic D It was eleven o' clock that night when Mr. Pontellier returned from his night out. He was in an excellent humor, in high spirits, and very talkative. His entrance awoke his wife, who was in bed and fast asleep when he came in. He talked to her while he undressed, telling her anecdotes and bits of news and gossip that he had gathered during the day. She was overcome with sleep, and answer him with little half utterances. He thought it very discouraging that his wife, who was the sole object of his existence, showed so little interest in things which concerned him and valued so little his conversation. Mr. Pontellier had forgotten the candies and peanuts that he had promised the boys. Still, he loved them very much and went into the room where they slept to take a look at them and make sure that they were resting comfortably. The result of his investigation was far from satisfactory. He turned and shifted the youngsters about in bed. One of them began to kick and talk about a basket full of crabs. Mr. Pontellier returned to his wife with the information that Raoul had a high fever and needed looking after. Then he lit a cigar and went and sat near the open door to smoke it. Mrs. Pontellier was quite sure Raoul had no fever. He had gone to bed perfectly well, she said, and nothing had made him sick. Mr. Pontellier was too well familiar with fever symptoms to be mistaken. He assured her the child was burning with fever at that moment in the next room. He reproached his wife with her inattention, her habitual neglect of the children. If it was not a mother' s place to look after children, whose on earth was it? He himself had his hands full with his business. He could not be in two places at once; making a living for his family on the street, and staying at home to see that no harm done to them. He talked in a dull, repeated and insistent way. Mrs. Pontellier sprang out of bed and went into the next room. She soon came back and sat on the edge of the bed, leaning her head down on the pillow. She said nothing,
and refused to answer her husband when he questioned her. When his cigar was smoked out, he went to bed, and in half a minute was fast asleep. Mrs. Pontellier was by that time thoroughly awake. She began to cry a little, and wiped her eyes on the sleeve of her nightdress. She went out on the porch, where she sat down and began to rock herself in the chair. It was then past midnight. The cottages were all dark. There was no sound abroad except the hooting and the everlasting voice of the sea, which broke like a mournful lullaby(催眠曲) upon the night. The tears came so fast to Mrs. Pontellier's eyes that the damp sleeve of her nightdress no longer served to dry them. She went on crying there, not caring any longer to dry her face, her eyes, her arms. She could not have told why she was crying. Such experiences as had just happened were not uncommon in her married life. They seemed never before to have to have weighed much against the abundance of her husband' s kindness and a uniform. devotion which had come to be self-understood. An indescribable oppression, which seemed to generate in some unfamiliar part of her consciousness, filled her whole being with vague pain. It was like a shadow, like a mist passing across her soul’s summer day. It was strange and unfamiliar; it was a mood. She did not sit there inwardly scolding her husband, expressing sadness about Fate, which had directed her footsteps to the path which they had taken. She was just having a good cry all to herself. The mosquitoes succeeded in driving away a mood which might have held her there in the darkness half a night longer. The following morning Mr. Pontellier was up in good time to take the carriage which was to convey him to the ship. He was returning to the city to his business, and they would not see him again at the Island till the coming Saturday. He had regained his calmness, which seemed to have been somewhat weakened the night before. He was eager to be gone, as he looked forward to a lively week in the financial center. 55. Mr. Pontellier comes back home from his night out in a/an ________ state of mind. A. excited B. confused C. depressed D. disappointed
56. Mr. Pontellier criticizes his wife because_________. A. she is not wholly devoted to her children sleep C. she knows nothing about fever symptoms hospital 57. The writer would most likely describe Mr. Pontellier’s conduct during the evening as______. A. impatient and generous C. concerned and gentle B. enthusiastic and responsible D. Inconsiderate and self-centered D. she fails to take her son to B. she does little housework but
58. The underlined sentence suggests that Mr. Pontellier’s com[plaints to his wife are_____. A. hesitant and confused C. angry and uncertain B. not as urgent as he claims D. Too complex to make sense
59. In Para 8 to 13, Mrs. Pontellier’s reactions to her husband’s behavior suggest that ______. A. she accepts unquestioningly her role of taking care of the children B. this is one of the first times she has acknowledged her unhappiness with her husband C. her relationship with her husband is not what has made her depressed D. she is angry about something that happened before her husband left 60. The passage shows Mr. Pontellier is happiest when he ________. A. sits near the open door smoking a cigar and talking B. makes up with his wife after a heated argument C. has been away from home or is about to leave home D. has given his children gifts of candies and peanuts 第二节：下面文章中有 5 处（第 61~65 题）需要添加小标题，请从以下选项中选出符合各段 意思的小标题，并在答题卷写在答题卷上。选项中有一项为多余选项。 A. Never respond before you think twice. B. Put personal files online. C. Don’t post anything without a second thought.
D. Protect your private material. E. Establish (建立) your online identity and reputation. F. Express your anger in a proper way. The virtual world is full of opportunities to share with people around the world. It’s also a place where nothing is temporary and there are no “take – backs.” A lot of what you do and say online can be got back online even if you delete it – and it’s an easy thing for others to copy, save, and forward your information. 61. Anyone who accesses your profile on a social networking site can copy or screen – capture information and photos that you may not want the world to see. Don’t rely on the site’s default settings. Read each site’s instructions or guidelines to make sure you’re doing everything you can to keep your material private. If someone logs on to a site and pretends to be you, they can trash your identity. Pick passwords that no one will guess (don’t use your favorite band or your dog’s birthday; try thinking of two completely random nouns and mixing in a random number), and change then often. Never share them with anyone other than your parents or a trusted adult. Not even your best friend, boyfriend, or girlfriend should know your private passwords! 62. Things that seem funny or cool to you right now might now seem so cool years from now – or when a teacher, admissions officer, or potential employer sees them. A good and reliable way is; if you’d feel unnatural if your grandmother, coach, or best friend’s parents saw it, it’s probably not a good thing to post. Even if it’s on a private page, it could be hacked or copied and forwarded. 63. Research shows that a high percentage of teens receive improper messages and requirements when they’re online. These can be scary, strange, and even embarrassing. If you feel troubled by a stranger or a friend online, tell an adult you trust immediately. It is never a good idea to respond. Responding is only likely to make things worse, and might result in you saying something you wish you hadn’t.
64. If you are eager to let out an angry comment on a message board or blog, it’s a good idea to wait a few minutes, calm down, and remember that the comments may stay up (with your screen name right there) long after you’ve regained your temper and maybe changed your mind. You might feel anonymous or disguised in chat rooms, social networks, or other sites – and this could lead to mean, insulting, or abusive comments toward someone else, or sharing pictures and comments you may later regret. We’re all heard of cyber bullying (网络欺凌 ), but most people think online bullying is something people do intentionally. But sharing stuff or dropping random comments when we’re not face to face with someone can hurt just as much, if not more. And it can damage how others see you if they find out. A good rule to remember; if you wouldn’t say it, show it, or do it in person, you probably don’t want to online. 65. Chances are, you’ve already checked your “digital footprint” – nearly half of all online users do. Try typing your screen name or email address into a search engine and see what comes up. That’s one way to get a sense of what others see as your online identity. In general, if you have questions about the trail you’re leaving online, don’t be afraid to ask a trusted adult. Sure, you might know more about the online world than a lot of adults do, but they have life experience that can help. Your online identity and reputation are shaped in much the same way as your real – life identity, except that when you’re online you don’t always get a chance to explain your tone or what you mean. Thinking before you post and following the same rules for responsible behavior online as you do offline can help you avoided leaving an online identity trail you regret.
第 II 卷（非选择题部分） （共 40 分） 第三部分 写作（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节：短文改错（满分 10 分） 下面文中共有 10 处语言错误，要求你在错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（^） ，并在该句下面写出该加的词。
删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意： 1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Every student will be faced with the questions when he passes the college entrance examinations: Should I choose a good major and a good university first? Some students prefer to consider of majors first so that they can learn that they are interested in. It will also make it possible for him to take their favorite jobs on the future. Besides, those who think differently believes that the environment is importantly to one’s development and that graduates from leading universities are often more likely to find a good job. In my opinion, a best choice is a good major at a good university. 第二节：书面表达（满分 30 分） 请你根据以下提示，Never be afraid of making mistakes. In fact, making mistakes is making progress. Mistakes are where success lies. 并结合自己生活中的一个事例，用 英语写一篇短文。 注意：1. 无须写标题，不得照抄英语提示语； 2. 除诗歌外，文体不限； 3. 文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称； 4. 词数为 120 个左右。
单项选择 1-5 DADAC 完形填空 21-25CABDD 阅读理解 41-45 DABCD 61-65 DCAFE 短文改错： Every student will be faced with the questions when he passes the college entrance question examinations: Should I choose from a good major and a good university first? Some students or prefer to consider majors first so that they can learn that they are interested in. It will also what 46-49 CABB 50-54 D BCAB 55-60 AADDBC 26-30 ADCAC 31-35 BDCAB 36-40 ACADB 6-10 BABBA 11-15 CDAAD 16-20 DACDC
make it possible for him to take their favorite jobs on the future. However, those who think them in
differently believes that the environment is importantly to one’s development and ∧graduates believe important that
from leading universities are often more likely to find a good job. In my opinion, a best the choice is a good major at a good university. 作文参考范文： Mistakes are unavoidable in life. But attitudes towards them may make a
difference. I still remember how my spoken English was improved. At the beginning, I always kept silent in the oral class to avoid making mistakes. Before long my teacher knew about my situation. He encouraged me to speak out what I wanted to regardless of mistakes. Whenever I make mistakes and felt discouraged, my teacher and classmates would help me figure out how I could avoid them in the future. Practice makes perfect. With time going by, I built up my confidence and now, I can talk fluently in English. Just as the saying goes: mistakes are where success lies. We just need to learn a lesson from the mistakes. So don’t’ be afraid of making mistakes. Learn from them and success is just awaiting us.