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Dear Principal, Recently, many students are discussing the problems of the canteen. Some students think the prices of dishes are too expensive and the choices of the dishes are too limited. Another concern is that the time spent on waiting is so long that we have less time to have a rest. Meanwhile, some students argue that the taste of the food is awful which leads to a lot of waste. Therefore, measures need to be taken to improve the conditions of the canteen. In my own point of view, I pay more attention to the prices of the food and the time wasted in the queue. I think we can offer various choices with different prices and open more service windows to reduce waiting time. I sincerely hope you can adopt my suggestions. Thank you! Yours, Li Hua Electric cars are dirty.In fact,not only are they dirty,they might even be more dirty than their gasoline-powered cousins. People in California love to talk about “zero-emissions vehicles” ,plants mostly use fire to make it.Aside from the new folks who have their roofs covered with solar cells,we get our electricity from generators.Generators are fueled by something —usually coal,oil,but also by heat generated in nuclear power plants.There are a few wind farms and geothermal(地热的) plants as well,but by far we get electricity mainly by burning something. In other words,those “zero-emissions” cars are likely coal-burning cars.It’s just because the coal is burned somewhere else that it looks clean.It is not.It’ s as if the California Greens are covering their eyes—“If I can’t see it,it’ s not happening.” Gasoline is an incredibly efficient way to power a vehicle;a gallon of gas has a lot of energy in it.But when you take that gas(or another fuel) and first use it to make electricity,you waste a nice part of that energy,mostly in the form of wasted heat—at the generator,through the transmission(传送) lines, etc. A gallon of gas may propel your car 25 miles.But the electricity you get from that gallon of gas won’t get you nearly as far—so electric cars burn more fuel than gas-powered ones.If our electricity came mostly from nukes;or geothermal,or hydro, or solar,or wind,then an electric car truly would be clean.But for political, technical,and economic reasons,we don’t use much of those energy sources. In addition,electric cars’ batteries which are poisonous for a long time will

eventually end up in a landfill.And finally , when cars are the polluters , the pollution is spread across all the roads.When it’s a power plant,though,all the junk is in one place.Nature is very good at cleaning up when things are too concentrated,but it takes a lot longer when all the garbage is in one spot. 1.What does the underlined part mean in Paragraph 2? A.People see the California Greens everywhere. B.People in California love to talk about zero-emissions vehicles. C.People in California love to have their roofs covered with solar cells. D.People in California have no idea that so far electricity mainly comes from burning coal,oil,etc. 答案 D 解析 句意理解题。由划线句及后文对电能来源的解释可知,此处指人们并不知道电能来自 于煤和石油的燃烧。 2.What is the main idea of the text? A.Electric cars are not clean at all. B.Electric cars are better than gasoline-powered ones. C.People cast doubts on electric cars’ batteries. D.Gasoline is an efficient way to power a vehicle. 答案 A 解析 主旨大意题。文章首段开门见山指明了全文的主题 Electric cars are dirty,随后 的几段都是围绕这一点展开的,即通过各种论据来证明“电能汽车并不清洁”这一论点。 3.The electricity we get from a gallon of gas may make our car run ________. 1页 1/5 A.not less than 25 miles B.as far as 50 miles C.as far as 25 miles

D.not more than 25 miles 答案 D 解析 细节理解题。根据第四段第一、二句“A gallon of gas...the electricity you get from that gallon of gas won’t get you nearly as far...”可知,同样用一加仑的汽 油,电能汽车所能行驶的路程及不上燃油汽车,即不会超过25英里。 4.It can be inferred from the text that ________. A.being green is good and should be encouraged in communication B.electric cars are not clean in that we get electricity mainly by burning something C.zero-emissions vehicles should be chosen to protect our environment D.electric cars are now the dominant vehicle compared with gasoline-powered cousins 答案 B 解析 推理判断题。文章反复都在强调一个观点,即电能汽车并不清洁环保,因为它需要靠 燃烧其他东西来获得电能,而燃烧其他东西的过程本身也是一个污染的过程。 When I turned 40, my husband secretly planned a surprise party for me. I'll never forget my feeling 1 I entered the restaurant and saw loving friends among flowers and music and a large display of photos. I hurried from one table 2 the next, greeting each guest. Then suddenly at the back of the room I caught sight of a gentle, smiling man with snow-white hair and a kind, blue-eyed woman on his arm. “Mom, dad,” my 3 became wide. They had flown to Los Angeles from Chicago just hours before. I burst into tears at the sight of these two who, more than 4 else, had taught me that being there for another person is the 5 gift we can give. A year later, my husband and I were invited to an unusual wedding. The night before the wedding, I decided to 6 my friends and beg off. “ Kathy, this is Karen. ” “You're 7 , aren't you?” she broke in, almost begging (乞求). I 8 and at that moment the sight of my parents at my 40th-birthday party came into my mind. “Yes, of course,” I said. “We'll be there.” So we 9 And I was grateful we did. We weren't in our seats a minute before Kathy came up, happy but with 10 She told me how much our presence meant to her. Kathy's parents didn't make it as well as her son. I saw 11 in her eyes. I see now that one's presence 12 be a duty. It is, in fact, something that we owe one another, whatever the 13 To be there —in person—for the sad or happy events of our friends and dear ones makes 14 . When we are truly 15 for other people, important things happen to them and to us. We are renewed in love and friendship. 【小题 1】 A.though B.when C.if D. since 【小题 2】 A. to B. in C. at D. on 【小题 3】 A. nose B. forehead C. eyes D.ears 【小题 4】 A.everybody B.nobody C.somebody D.anybody 【小题 5】

A. heaviest B. cheapest C. smallest D. greatest 【小题 6】 A. call B. help C. visit D. join 【小题 7】 A. driving B. coming C. going D. returning 【小题 8】 A. resisted B.prayed C.hesitated D.refused 【小题 9】 A.had B.went C.waited D.were 【小题 10】 A. tears B. surprise C. smiles D. pride 【小题 11】 A. puzzle B. comfort C.hurt D.honor 【小题 12】 A.must B.can C.may D.would 【小题 13】A.prize 13 . wage C . bill D . cost 【小题 14 】 A . a problem 13 . an opportunityC.a difference D.an impression 【小题 15】 A.present B.happy C.thankful D.eager 答案 【小题 1】B 【小题 2】A 【小题 3】C 【小题 4】D 【小题 5】D 【小题 6】A 【小题 7】B 【小题 8】C 【小题 9】B 【小题 10】A 【小 题 11】C 【小题 12】B 【小题 13】D 【小题 14】C 【小题 15】A 解析【小题 1】这题 考查连词,句意是:当我进入饭店时,我永远忘不了那种感觉。选 B 【小题 2】考查介词: from?to?“从?到?”选 A 【小题 3】从后面的形容词 wide 可知答案是 eyes,眼睛睁 得很大。选 C 【小题 4】考查代词,anybody else“其他任何人”选 D 【小题 5】句意是: 为了另一个人到这儿是我们能给的最好的礼物。选 D 【小题 6】考查名词:从后面的对话 看出这是一个电话。选 A 【小题 7】朋友的婚礼肯定是希望作者去了。选 B 【小题 8】考 查动词,根据语境,一边是朋友的婚礼,一边是父母参加自己的 40 岁生日,让作者很犹豫。 选 C 【小题 9】考查上下文语境,从前面的“We'll be there.”说明我们去了。选 B 【小 题 10】考查语境,前面是 happy but?,说明是我 happy 相反的词。选 A 【小题 11】推测 语意题:从前面的句子:Kathy's parents didn't make it as well as her son. 看出 Kathy 有受伤的感觉,选 C 【小题 12】这题考查情态动词,can 表示“可能”选 B 【小题 13】 考查名词: whatever the cost “无论代价是多少” 选 D【小题 14】 考查词组: make a difference “有影响,有差别”选 C 【小题 15】从第二段第五空后面的 gift 可以推断是 A。 当我 40 岁的时候,我的丈夫偷偷计划给我的惊喜派对。我永远不会忘记我的感觉 1 我走进 餐馆, 看到朋友的花和音乐和大屏幕的照片中的一张。 我急忙从一个表 2 下, 相互问候客人。 然后突然间屋子的后面,我看见一个温柔的眼神,微笑的人,雪白的头发和蓝眼睛的一种, 在他的手臂上的女人。 “妈妈,爸爸, ”我 3 变宽。他们乘飞机从芝加哥到洛杉矶前几个小时。我泪流满面,看这 两种人,超过 4 人,有教我,有另一个人是 5 我们可以给的礼物。 一年后,我的丈夫和我被邀请到一个不寻常的婚礼。在婚礼的前一天晚上,我决定和我的朋 友请了 6。 “凯茜,这是凯伦。 ” “你已经 7 岁了,不是吗?“她插嘴,几乎恳求(乞求) 。8 我在那一刻,在我的第四十个 生日派对,我父母的景象映入我的脑海。 “是的,当然, ”我说。 “我们会去的。 ” 所以我们 9 个,我很感激。我们不是在我们的座位一分钟凯茜出现之前,高兴但 10 她告诉 我她我们存在的意义。凯茜的父母不让它以及她的儿子。我在她的眼睛里看见了 11。 我现在才明白,一个人的存在是 12 是一种职责。这是,事实上,这是我们欠另一个,不管 13 将亲临我们的朋友和亲人的悲伤或愉快的事件使 14。 当 我 们 真 正 15 其 他 人 , 重 要 的 事 情 , 我 们 。 我 们 的 爱 和 友 谊 。

Not long ago, I went to visit my elderly Aunt Mary who lives in a nursing home. Alzheimer’s disease had taken its toll. As I sat beside her, my aunt stared vacantly into space, her once vibrant features frozen into an unhappy frown. She hardly glanced at the bouquet of daisies I had brought, and when I tried to take her hand, she pulled away from me in fright. I felt a terrible sense of loss, remembering how close we had been and the confidences we had shared through the years, usually over a cup of tea in her cozy kitchen. As a very young girl, I loved to visit Aunt Mary. Childless herself, she had time and energy to lavish on a favorite niece. My favorite spot was a chair at her kitchen table where she always served me tea, sometimes accompanied by her Irish soda bread, thick with plump raisins and sprinkled with caraway seeds. She made an elegant ceremony out of our teas, covering the table with her snowy Irish linen tablecloth and putting out her finest china cups. As we drank our tea, she listened intently to my stories about school and my worries about friendship. No one else in my young life took me as seriously. Sometimes she would tell me tales of her childhood on a farm in Ireland, her fears on her journey to America over a storm-tossed ocean, her struggles as a young immigrant girl seeking work in a big city. Aunt Mary taught me many things—how to take up a hem, how to write a thank-you note, and, most important of all, how to make a proper pot of tea. First, she told

me, you put on the kettle, and just before the water comes to a boil, you fill the teapot halfway with hot water to warm it. When the kettle boils, you keep it simmering while you throw out the water in the teapot, and then put in a level spoonful of tea leaves—one for each person and one for the pot. After you add the boiling water, you let it steep for a few minutes. Then, before you serve it, you strain the leaves with care. My aunt had a firm belief in the soothing powers of tea. Growing up, I had my share of adolescent misery. One snowy evening, I arrived at Aunt Mary’s in tears over a broken romance. She helped me off with my coat, brushed the snow from my hair, and then said in a determined voice, “I’ll put the kettle on.” I sat at her table in the kitchen and wiped my eyes. The sound of the kettle’s singing whistle, the cheerful clatter of the dishes and silver as my aunt set the table, the sight of the white tablecloth with its embroidered green shamrocks, all served to calm my shattered spirit. Soon, I was warming my cold hands around a steaming cup, strong and dark and fragrant. “Drink your tea,” my aunt admonished. I felt the blood returning to my face. The ritual soothed and reassured. Life goes on, it said. One day at a time. As we sipped our tea, Aunt Mary spoke to me about her own heartbreak when her husband died. But she drew strength and solace from friends and family, just as I would, indeed as I was doing now, restored by my aunt’s sympathetic attention. In those moments, my aunt taught me a vital lesson in the power of empathy—a lesson I remember to this day. Then, as a special treat, Aunt Mary read me my fortune in the tea leaves. “You’ll be meeting someone new—a tall, handsome young man,” she said, gazing into the bottom of my cup. Soon, we were giggling together. “When?” I heard myself asking, the tears now dried on my face. “Soon,” she intoned, “very soon.” I left her that day with a lighter heart and a head full of dreams. I thought of that long-ago afternoon as I sat beside my aunt in the nursing home, wondering if I would ever connect with her again. I looked out the window. It was beginning to get dark. A long drive home awaited me. I would have to leave soon. Yet I was reluctant to go without even a sign of recognition from my aunt. But then I remembered passing the kitchen on the way to Aunt Mary’s room and seeing an ancient teapot on the stove. With the permission of the staff, I went into the kitchen and set about making afternoon tea. I found a tray and arranged it with the

teapot, two cups and saucers, lemon, sugar, and cream. I placed all on a paper doily —not as elegant as Aunt Mary’s tablecloth, but it would do. As a final touch, I added the daisies I had brought, putting them into a small vase. “It’s time for tea,” I announced, as I carried the tray into my aunt’s room. For the first time that day, there was a change in her facial expression. Her eyes widened with a look of pleased surprise. As I poured the tea and asked her old, familiar questions, “Lemon or cream? One sugar or two?” she suddenly reached for my hand and said, “Oh, my dear, how lovely.” It was as if the homely ritual with its associations of home and loved ones had awakened her dormant spirit. We might have been back together once again in her cozy kitchen. The bond between us could never be broken, I realized. We sat together then, sipping our tea, connected once more by the healing power of tea and sympathy. 前不久,我去拜访我的姑姑玛丽谁住在疗养院。阿尔茨海默氏症所影响。我坐在她身旁,我 的姑姑茫然地望着她曾经充满活力的特征空间, 冻结成一个不幸的皱眉。 她几乎不看雏菊花 束我了, 当我试图抓住她的手, 她离开我的恐惧。 我感到非常的失落感, 记住我们离得多近, 我们有多年的秘密共享,通常在一杯茶在自己舒适的厨房。 作为一个年轻的女孩,我喜欢拜访玛丽阿姨。没有孩子的自己,她有时间和精力浪费在一个 最喜欢的侄女。我最喜欢的地方是在她厨房的桌子上,她总是给我茶椅,有时伴随着她的爱 尔兰苏打面包,厚饱满的葡萄干,撒上香菜种子。她从我们的茶做了一个优雅的仪式,她雪 白的亚麻桌布,放了她最好的瓷器杯覆盖表。当我们喝了茶,她聚精会神地听了我的学校和 我的担心友谊的故事。在我年轻的生命,没有人把我当成。有时她会告诉我她的童年在爱尔 兰的一个农场的故事,她担心她的美国之旅在风暴洋,她的挣扎,作为一个年轻的移民女孩 寻求在大城市工作。 玛丽阿姨教我很多东西如何把下摆,如何写一封感谢信,而且,最重要的是,如何使一个适 当的壶茶。首先,她告诉我说,你放上水壶,和之前的水烧开,你往茶壶里一半热水取暖。 当壶里的水开了,你把它煨而你抛出茶壶里的水,然后放在茶叶每人一平匙和一壶。你加开 水后,你让它浸泡数分钟。然后,在你的服务,你应变的树叶与护理。 我的姑妈在舒缓的权力茶一种坚定的信念。长大后,我有我的青春期的痛苦分享。一个下雪 的晚上,我来到了玛丽阿姨的眼泪在坏掉的浪漫。她帮我把大衣脱下来,把雪从我的头发, 然后坚定地说, “我会把壶盖上。 ” 我坐在她厨房的桌子,擦去我的眼睛。该壶的歌唱的口哨声,盘子和银的轻快的脚步婶婶摆 桌子,其绣绿色的三叶草的白桌布的景象,都使我破碎的灵魂。很快,我是温暖我冰冷的双 手在一杯热气腾腾,强大的和黑暗的芬芳。 “你喝的茶, ”姑妈警告。我感到血回到我的脸。仪式的安慰和安慰。生活在继续,它说。 一天一次。 我们喝着茶, 玛丽阿姨和我谈她自己的丈夫去世时她心碎。 但她吸取了力量和安慰的朋友和 家人,就像我,事实上我现在做的,通过我婶婶的同情的恢复。在那些时刻,我的姨妈教我 的一个重要教训教训的移情——我记得这一天。 然后,作为一种特殊的治疗,玛丽姑妈读我的财富在茶叶。 “你会遇见一个新的高大,英俊的年轻人, ”她说,凝视着我的杯底。很快,我们在一起咯 咯笑。

什么时候?“我听到自己问,现在我脸上的泪干。 “快, ”她说道, “很快” 。我离开了她,一天一个较轻的心脏和满脑子梦想。 我想到不久前的下午,坐在我旁边在护理之家的阿姨,想知道如果我能再次与她联系。我望 着窗外。天开始黑了。一个漫长的回家等着我。我会尽快离开。然而,我却不愿甚至没有从 我姑妈的识别标志。 但我记得路过厨房给玛丽阿姨的房间的方式看到炉子上的一个古老的茶壶。 在工作人员的许 可,我走进厨房, 开始下午茶。我发现一个托盘和设置它的两个茶壶,茶杯和茶托, 柠檬汁, 糖,奶油。我把所有的纸垫上没有玛丽阿姨的桌布是优雅的,但这样做。 作为最后的接触,我添加了雏菊,把它们放进一个小花瓶。 “这是喝茶的时间了, ”我宣布,我端着托盘为姑妈的房间。那天第一次,她面部表情的变 化。她的眼睛带着高兴的惊喜了。我倒茶,问她古老的,熟悉的问题, “柠檬或奶油吗?一 种糖或两个?“她突然伸出我的手说, “哦,我亲爱的,多么可爱。 ” 如果是普通的仪式与它关联的家乡和亲人唤醒了她沉睡的灵魂。 我们可能已经回一起再次在 自己舒适的厨房。我们的关系不可能被打破,我意识到。然后我们坐在一起的,

Principal, I’m a senior student of our school. I’d like to say ...Cheers, 第一节 基础写作 Dear John, How is everything? I’m writing to...