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定语从句高考点例析 2010


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1.The man who came to our school is Mr. Wang. ( 主语 ) 2.The girl (whom) I met is Lucy. ( 宾语 ) 3.A child whose parents are dead is called Tom. ( 定语 ) 4.I like the book (which) you bought yesterday. (宾语 )

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5. His parents wouldn’t let him marry anyone whose family was poor. ( 定语 ) 6. I like the person to whom you just talked. ( 介宾 ) 7. We shall never forget the days (that) we spent together. ( 宾语 ) 8. We shall never the days when we lived together. ( 状语 )

? 三、关系代词





Who That

Who Whom Whose Whom That That That which Whose =Of which which which

在限制性定语从句中,以下情况,引导词用that,不用which。 1. 先行词为不定代词everything,little,much,all,anything, nothing。 e.g. Finally, the thief handed everything (that) he had stolen. 2. 先行词前有形容词最高级、序数词修饰或是形容词最高级、 序数词时,用that。 e.g. This is the best book (that) I’ve ever read. The train is the last that will go to Suzhou. 3. 先行词被the only,the very,the last ,any, few, little, no, all 等修饰时,用that。 e.g. He is the only person that I want to see now.

4. 先行词同时指人和指物时,用that。 e.g. We talked about the things and persons (that )we saw then. 5. 当主句的主语是疑问词who或which时;有两个定语从 句时。 e.g. Who is the boy that won the gold medal? 6.当先行词在主句中作表语,而关系代词也在从句中作 表语时。 e.g. Our school is no longer the school that it used to be.

One who has nothing to fear for oneself dares to tell the truth. The ones who are often late should be punished Anyone who fails to finish the task given should be criticized. 1.先行词是one / ones / anyone (指人)时要用who Those who were not fit for their work could not see the beautiful clothes made of magic cloth. Those who want to go to the Great Wall sign up here. 2.先行词为 those (指人)时用 who .

His dog, which was very old now, became ill and died. Which is the car, the owner of which you know?


Which引导非限定性定语从句,其先行词可是一 个词,也可是整个主句或主句的某一部分。 B e.g. 1. She heard a terrible noise, ______ brought her heart into her mouth. A. it B. which C. this D. that 2. The weather turned out to be good, B ___ was more than we could expect. A. what B. which C. that D. it

**** 当关系代词作介词的宾语时,先行词指人用 whom; 先行词指物用which。 e.g. 1. In the dark street, there wasn’t a single person D ____________ she could turn for help.
A. that B. who C. from whom D. to whom 2. He paid the boy $10 for washing the windows, most of ________ hadn’t been cleaned for at least a D year. A. these B. those C. that D. which

1.根据从句中动词与先行词的逻辑关系,请体会: e.g. Is that the newspaper for which you often write articles? 2. 根据从句中动词或形容词的习惯搭配,如: e.g. Can you explain to me how to use these idioms about which I’m sure. 3. 根据先行词与介词的搭配习惯,请体会: e.g. 1949 was the year in which the P.R.C. was founded.

4.非限制性定语从句中,要表示先行 词的一部分时,可用“数词/代词 + of + 关系代词”的结构,如:
e.g. There are 50 students in our class, twothirds of whom have been to Beijing.

5. Whose从句可转换为“ of +关系代词”型,如: e.g. They live in a house, whose door opens to the south. They live in a house, of which the door opens to the south.

They live in a house, the door of which open to the south.

Can you work them out????


Fill in the blanks with proper prepositions: without 1. The sun gives us heat and light, ________ which we can’t live. about 2. The student ________ whom we were talking just now is the best student in our class. on 3. I’ll never forget the day _____ which she said good-bye to me. 4. Who can give me the reason ______ which he for hasn’t turned up yet?

在限定性和非限定性从句中,when的先行词是时间 名词,where的先行词是地点名词或模糊概念的地 方名词(case ; stage , point; situation 等),分别在 定语从句中做状语。 e.g.1. After living in Paris for 50 years he returned to the small town ______ he grew up as a child. B A. which B. where C. that D. when 2. It was an exciting moment for these people this D year, ______ for the first time their team won the World Cup. A. that B. while C. which D. when

Fill in the blanks:
1. Chan’s restaurant on Baker Street, which used to be _____ poorly run, is now a successful business.

2. I’ll give you my friend’s home address, ______ I can where
be reached most evenings.

3. Occasions are quite rare when I have the time to _____
spend a day with my kids.

4.– Do you have anything to say for yourself?
--Yes, there is one point that\which\ / we must insist on. ___________

I don’t like the way ____________________ he speaks that / 省/ in which to me. This is the first time_____________I have been here. that / 省

The reason_______________ he gave me is not (that / which) reasonable.

The reason_______________he is late is why / for which reasonable.

两者均可引导非限制性定语从句,有时可以互换, 但下列情况多用as。 1. 在限制性定语从句中,当与such; as; so 或the same连用时,一般用as。 e.g. Such books as you tell me are interesting. I have the same plan as you. 2. 关系代词引导的定语从句居句首时。 e.g. As we all know, the earth is round.

Go on Please!
3. 当从句和主句语义一致时,用as, 反之则用which。 e.g.
She has married again, as was expected.
She has married again, which was unexpected.

Go on please!
4. as在从句中作主语时,后面常接行为动 词的被动语态,如be known,be said, be reported等,如从句中行为动词是主 动语态,一般要用which作主语。 e.g. She has been late again, as was expected. Tom has made great progress, which made
us happy.

Go on please!
5. As多用于下列习惯用语中,as anybody can see; as we had expected; as often happens; as has been said before; as is mentioned above; as is often the case 等。 e.g. Many animals sleep a lot when young, but sleep much less when they get older, just as is
the case with human being.

D Is this house _______that you lived in last year? A.where B.that C which D.the one B Is this the house _________you lived in last year? A.where B.that C.in which D.the one

Correct the sentences:
1. I’m using the pen which he bought __yesterday. it (去掉) 2. Is that factory which your father once worked in? ^ the one 3. The man whom I spoke is from Canada. ^ to 4. July 1,1999 is the day when we’ll never forget. ____

Correct the sentences:
5. I still remember the holidays I stayed with them. ^ when
6. I’m going to work in the hospital where needs me. ____

(that/which) 7. Those that haven’t been to the West Lake will ___ gather at the school gate. who
8. I don’t like the way which you talked to your ^ friend. in \ which- that \ /

Correct the sentences:
9.This is the last time ____ I’ve given you lessons. when that 10. Soon they came to a farm house,and in front of which sat a small boy. ____ it 11. We heard the news which our team won the game. ____ that 12. The reason which he explained it sounds reasonable. ____ why

Correct the sentences:
13. Those at the desk want to buy tickets write down ^ your names. who ______ 14. That was the reason because she looked old. why 15. Miss Chen is the only one of the few teachers who ____ us wonderful English lessons in our give gives school. 16. Taiwan, ____ we know, belongs to China. that as

Correct the sentences:
17. It is the one of the best films that have been shown ____ recently. has 18. The third place which we are going to visit is ____ Suzhou. that

_____ 19. Which is known to all, many satellite are going around in the sky. As 20. The students and things which you spoke of are ____ known to us. that

Correct the sentences:
21.Einstein is such a great scientist ____ must learn that we as from. _____ 22. The student who’s book I had borrowed didn’t whose come to school today. 23. Who is the worker ____took some pictures of the who factory. that 24. The bike ___which I travelled was his. on by 25. By 9:00, all the Olympic torch bearers had reached the top of Mount Qomolangma, ___ on which appeared a rare rainbow soon. above

Correct the sentences:
26.The book was written in 1946, since ____the then when education system has witnessed great changes.
27. Because of the financial crisis, days are gone which _____ local 5-star hotels charged 6,000 for one night. when 28. –What do you think of teaching, Bob?

--I find it fun and challenging. It is a job ____ that you are doing something serious but interesting. where

1) Finish off the


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