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江西省新余市2014-2015学年高一英语下学期期末考试试题


新余市 2014—2015 学年度下学期期末质量检测 高一英语试题
注意事项: 1. 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。 2. 答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名,准考证号填写在本试卷相应的位置。 3. 全部答案在答题卡上完成,搭载本试卷上无效。 4. 第Ⅰ卷听力部分满分 30 分,不计入总分,考试成绩录取时提供给高校作参考。 5. 考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 做题时,现将答案标在试 卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转 涂到答题卡上。 第一节 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Where will the speakers meet? A. At school. A. 5:50. A. A paper. A. Get the book. A. A doctor. 第二节 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小 题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. What kind of room does the man want to book for his workmate? A. A single room. A. See a show. B. A double room. C. A room for three. 7. What does the woman suggest the man do? B. At a restaurant. B. 6:00. B. A speech. B. Read in the library. B. A teacher. C. At the man’s house. C. 6:15. C. A teacher. C. Read the note. C. A photographer. 2. At what time does the meeting at the school begin? 3. What are the speakers talking about? 4. What will the man do next? 5. What is the woman going to be?

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B. Try another hotel. C. Get in touch with his workmate. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Classmates. A. ?3. B. Guide and tourist. B. ?9. C. Teacher and student. C. ?12. 9. How much will the man pay for the trip? 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Where does the conversation most probably take place? A. At a restaurant. A. Her aunt. A. Explore the forest. B. At home. B. Her uncle. C. At an airport. C. He r cousin. 11. Who will meet Molly at the airport? 12. What will Molly do with her aunt? B. Climb the mountains. C. Relax on the beach. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Where did the man read the article? A. In the library. A. A journalist. A. The man’s brother. A. Boring. B. In his bedroom. B. A teacher. B. The woman’s dad. B. Long. C. At the dentist’s. C. A scientist. C. The woman. C. Funny. 14. What did the writer of the article use to be? 15. Who else read the article? 16. What did the man think of the article? 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. How many years did the speaker stay in his primary school? A. 5. A. By subject. B. 6. B. By hobby. C. 11. C. By age. 18. How did the speaker’s secondary school divide the students? 19. Why did the speaker think moving to secondary school was difficult? A. He was asked to learn different languages. B. He didn’t like walking to school. C. He had to catch the school bus. 20. What kind of life is the speaker leading now? A. Quiet. 第二部分 B. Busy. C. Healthy.

阅读理解(共 2 节,满分 40 分)

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第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A It was the end of my first day as a waitress in a busy New York restaurant. My cap had gone away, and my feet hurt. The loaded plates I carried seemed to be heavier and heavier. Tired and discouraged, I didn’t seem able to do anything right. As I made out a check for a family with several children who had changed their ice-cream order a dozen times, I was ready to stop. Then the father smiled at me as he handed me my tip. “Well done,” he said, “you’ve looked after us really well.” Suddenly my tiredness disappeared. I smiled back, and later, when the manager asked me how I’d liked my first day, I said, “Fine!” Those few words of praise had changed everything. Praise is like sunlight to human spirit; we cannot flower and grow without it. And yet, most of us are only too read y to apply to others the cold criticism(批评), but are unwilling to give our fellows the warm sunshine of praise. Perhaps that is why one word of praise can bring such pleasure. It’s strange how chary we are about praising. Perhaps it’s because few of us know how to accept it. It’s especially rewarding to give praise in areas in which effort generally goes unnoticed.An artist gets admired for a glorious picture, a cook for a perfect meal.But do you ever tell your laundry (洗衣房)manager how pleased you are when the shirts are done just right? In fact,to give praise costs the giver nothing but a moment ’s thought and a moment’s effort. 21.Which of the following can’t describe the writer’s situation before she got her tip? A. She was tired. B. She was busy. C. She was sorry. D. She was confident. 22.According to the passage,which of the following is least likely to be given praise? A.An artist. B.A cook. C. A waitress. D.A laundry manager. 23. The underlined word “chary” in Paragraph 2 means_________. A. careless B. cautious C. unwilling D. greedy 24.What is the best title of the passage? A . Why Do You Praise Others? B.Why do You Criticize Others? C.Be Generous to Give Others Praise! D.Don’t Criticize Others! B Our spiritual intelligence quotient (精神智商) ,or SQ, helps us understand

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ourselves, and live fuller, happier lives. Though we're all born with SQ, most of us don't even realize that we have it. Fortunately, you don't have to sign up for classes to learn how to improve your SQ. Here are some simple steps that can lead you to this new level of understanding. Sit Quietly. The process of developing spiritual intelligence begins with solitude(独处)and silence. To tune in to your spirit, you have to turn down the volume(强度)in your busy, noisy, complicated life and force yourself to do nothing at all. Start small by creating islands for silence in your day. In the car, instead of listening to the music, use the time to think. At work, shut the door to your office between meetings, take a few breaths and let them out very, very slowly. Enjoy the stillness in your home after the kids are finally in bed. Step Outside. For many people, nature sets their spirit free. Go outside to watch a beautiful sunset. If you are walking with the dog, take the time to admire flowers in bloom; follow the flight of a bird and watch clouds float overhead. Ask Questions of Yourself. Ask open-ended questions, such as "What am I feeling? What are my choices? Where am I heading?" But don't expect an answer to arrive through some supernatural forms of e-mail. “Rarely do I get an immediate answer to my question,” says Reverend Joan Carter, a Presbyterian minister in Sausalito, California. “But later that day I suddenly find myself thinking about a problem in a perspective I never considered before.” Trust Your Spirit. While most of us rely on gut (本能的) feeling to realize danger, spiritual intelligence pushes us, not away from, but towards some action that will lead to a greater good.. 25. The passage is mainly about______. A. what your SQ is and in what way it can benefit our life B. what your SQ is and in what way it can b e improved C. the relationship between your SQ and your life D. advantages and disadvantages of SQ 26. The underlined phrase "to tune in to your spirit" in the third paragraph probably means to_________ A. get your spirit relaxed B. keep up your spirit C. keep seated quietly D. change your spirit 27. From the passage, we can know that the most important thing to improve your SQ is______ A. a peaceful mind B. deep thought C. spare time and hobbies D. good spirits C I was never very neat, while my roommate Kate was extremely organized. Each of her objects had its place, but mine always hid somewhere. She even labeled (贴标 签 ) everything. I always looked for everything. Over time, Kate got neater and I

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got messier. She would push my dirty clothing over, and I would lay my books on her tidy desk. We both got tired of each other. War broke out one evening. Kate came into the room. Soon, I heard her screaming, "Take your shoes away! Why under my bed!" Deafened, I saw my shoes flying at me. I jumped to my feet and started yelling. She yelled back louder. The room was filled with anger. We could not have stayed together for a single minute but for a phone call. Kate answered it. From her end of the conversation, I could tell right away her grandma was seriously ill. When she hung up, she quickly crawled (爬 ) under her covers, weeping. Obviously, that was something she should not go through phone. All of a sudden ,a warm feeling of sympathy rose up in my heart, Slowly, I collected the pencils, took back the books, made my bed, cleaned the socks and swept the floor, even on her side. I got so absorbed into my work that I even didn't noticed Kate had sat up. She was watching, her tears dried. Then, she reached out her hands to grasp mine. I looked up into her eyes. She smiled at me. "Thanks." Kate and I stayed roommates for the rest of the year. We didn't always agree, but we learned the key to living together: giving in,cleaning up and holding on. 28. What made Kate angry one evening? A. She heard the author shouting loud. B. She couldn't find her books. C. She saw the author's shoes beneath her bed. D. She got the news that her grandma was ill. 29. The author tidied up the room most probably because___. A. she was scared by Kate's anger B she wanted to show her care C. she hated herself for being so messy D. she was asked by Kate to do so 30. How is Paragraph 1 mainly developed? A. By showing differences. B. By describing a process. C. By analyzing causes. D. By following time order. 31. What might be the best title for the story? A. How to Be Organized B. Learning to Be Roommates C. My Friend Kate D. Hard Work Pays Off D Sleep is a basic human need, as basic as the need for oxygen. Getting a good night’s sleep is not only directly related to how we feel the next day, but to our long-term health as well. However, many of us suffer from insomnia (失眠). Even more of us report at least one night of restless sleep per week. This is a serious problem. Well, how can we make sure that we rest well and stay healthy? Here are some suggestions. If you can’t sleep in the middle of the night, don’t get up. The bright light

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will affect your body clock and worsen your insomnia. Stay in bed! Avoid short sleep during the day, except for a brief ten to fif teen-minute sleep between 2:00 and 4:00 P.M. Limit your time in bed to the average number of hours you’ve actually slept per night last week. Don’t try to make up for lost sleep. It can’t be done. Get regular exercise each day, but finish at least six hours before bedtime. Exercising in the evening can help keep you awake. Take a hot bath for thirty minutes within two hours of bedtime. The bath will warm you, relax you, and make you feel sleepy. Keep our bedroom dark, quiet, and well ventilated (通风). Keep a regular schedule seven days a week. Avoid sleeping late on weekends. Although it may feel good while you’re doing it, sleeping late on weekend can lead to insomnia during the week. Don’t drink alcohol (酒精). Although, having a drink before bed makes you sleep, alcohol loses its effects after a while. The secondary effects of alcohol can wake you up during the second half of your night’s sleep. Keep the face of the clock in your bedroom turned away, and don’t find out what time it is when you awaken in the night. 32. The first paragraph serves as a(n) __________. A. argument B. Introduction C. comment D. explanation 33. Which of the following is NOT advised for a good night’s sleep? A. Staying in bed after failing to sleep. B. Don’t exercise six hours before sleeping C. Don’t drink alcohol before sleeping. D. Preventing the wind from blowing into your room. 34. To sleep well, you need to __________. A. get up late on weekends B. sleep during the day sometimes C. avoid looking at your clock D. have a bath in the morning 35. The text mainly about__________ . A. some keys to a better night’s sleep B. some advantages of having a good sleep C. some effects of bad night’s sleep D. some reasons for insomnia 第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余 选项。 Eye strain is a very common problem. Whether it is from working on a computer, watching TV, driving or any number of other activities, your eyes can become tired and lose focus.__36__ With that in mind, here are 4 simple tips to help prevent eye strain. 1. Take breaks. The best way to prevent eye strain is using them not too much. Your eyes use

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more than one set of muscle. That means you can relax one set while using another. __37__ If you are at your computer, look out the window for a minute. If you are driving, check your speedometer every so often. 2. Reduce glare. Reducing glare will certainly reduced the strain on your eyes. Use non-reflective interfaces(界面) whenever possible. ___38__ When you have to use a screen make sure is at a 90 degree angle from any direct light source. 3. A djust contrast. Ensure there is good contrast with what you are looking at. More contrast makes edges easier to recognize so the eyes don’t have to focus as much. ___39 _ Keep overall lighting levels at a moderate level so there is good contrast around you but glare does not become a problem. 4. __40__ Eye stain is actually the strain of the muscles controlling the eyes. Strengthening these muscles with a series of eye exercises will prevent eye strain effectively. A. Strengthen your eyes. B. Build up the muscles by sleeping. C. Sunlight makes things easier to see. D. Change your focus from near to far on a regular basis. E. But too much contrast with the surrounding area will cause strain. F. For example, reading from paper instead of a computer screen. G. Serious eye strain can cause a number of other problems such as near-sightedness. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分) 第一节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1. 5 分, 满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中, 选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项。 The Little Angel Sally jumped up the moment she saw the surgeon come out of the operating room. She asked, “How is my little boy?” The surgeon said, “I’m __41__ . We did all we could, but your boy didn’t __42__ it.” Sally __43 __ into the chair. The surgeon asked, “Would you like some time with your son before he was transported to the __44 __?” Sally nodded. While

saying goodbye, she ran her fingers __45__ through his thick curly hair. “Would you like a lock of his hair?” the surgeon asked. Sally nodded yes. The surgeon cut a few hairs, and handed them to Sally. The mother said, “It was Jimmy’s idea to __46__ his body to the university for study. He said it might __47__ somebody

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else. “I said no at first, __48__ Jimmy said, ‘Mom, I won’t be using it after I die. Maybe it will help some other little boy spend one more day with his Mom.’” “My Jimmy had a heart of __49__, always thinking of someone else, always

wanting to help others if he could.” she went on. Sally walked out of the hospital. She put the bag with Jimmy’s __50_ _ on the seat beside her in the car. The drive home was __51 _ _. It was even harder to enter the __52_ _ house. She carried Jimmy’s belongings, and the lock of his hair to her son’s room. She started placing the model cars and other personal things back in his room __53_ _ where he had always kept them. She lay down across his bed and, hugging his pillow, __54_ _ herself to sleep. It was around midnight when Sally __55_ _. Lying beside her on the bed was a letter. The letter said,

“Dear Mom, I know you’re going to __56_ _ me, and me too. I will always love you, Mom, even more __57_ _ each passing day. Someday we will see each other again. Until then, if you want to __58_ _ a little boy so you won’t be so lonely, that’s OK with me. He can have my room and old toys to play with. Don’t be sad thinking about me. I don’t hurt any more. The cancer is all __59_
_. I don’t have to stand that __60_ _ any more. The angels in Heaven are so tender.

They say I’m a Special Angel! I love you, Mom.”
41. A. worried grateful 42. A. make 43. A. knocked 44. A. house university 45. A. lovingly angrily 46. A. donate 47. A. affect impress 48. A. for 49. A. gold 50. A. toys B. but B. stone B. clothes C. so C. wisdom C. belongings D. and D. bravery D. B. move B. help C. show C. protect D. lend D. B. anxiously C. patiently D. B. pas s B. looked B. church C. win C. got C. hospital D. like D. sank D. B. happy C. sorry D.

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letters 51. A. long dangerous 52. A. empty 53. A. roughly possibly 54. A. put buried 55. A. wrote awoke 56. A. understand 57. A. with 58. A. save 59. A. lost 60. A. depression B. forgive B. around B. host B. gone B. sadness C. leave C. on C. adopt C. cured C. pain D. miss D. in D. visit D. spotted D. stress B. spoke C. slept D. B. cried C. sent D. B. familiar B. exactly C. big C. especially D. old D. B. smooth C. difficult D.

第 II 卷(非选择题,共 50 分) 第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Among the few scientists who have had a great effect on science and history, Albert Einstein is perhaps the __61__ (great). An American university president once commented that Einstein had created __62__ new view of the universe. Now, more and more people agree that the universe is something more complicated than __63__ they have ever thought before. Einstein __64__ (bear) in Germany in 1879. In 1914, young Einstein, already internationally famous, became a professor at an institute in Berlin. However, __65__ peaceful life was soon broken by the First World War. Einstein hated violence. He was deeply affected by the war; he sat __66__ (happily) in his office doing nothing and __67__ (lose) interest in his research. Only when peace came in 1918 was he able to get back to work. In the years __68__ (follow) the First World War, people showered honor upon him. He became the head of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Theoretical Physics. In 1921 he won the Noble Prize __69__ Physics and was greatly honored and respected in Germany. However, the Second World War broke out and Einstein had to move to the US,__70__he lived until his death in 1955. 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(满分 10 分)

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假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处, 每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均限一词。 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分 On January 5th, students in our school visited Robot World, which we saw a great number of robot. It was amazed to find those robots could do a lot of things just like real people, included playing chess, playing the piano and drawing pictures. What’s more, the robots were in different kinds and shapes, which made us enjoyable. In addition, that excited me most is the show given by a group of robots. They danced just as if they were dancers on the stage. By visiting Robot World, I have learned a lot of about robots, especial about their functions and shapes. The great human wisdom is so powerful that it make us feel more comfortable live in the world. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 感恩, 是我们生活中永恒的话题。 学会感恩, 学会热爱生活, 我们将会感受到更多快乐。 假设你将参加主题为“感恩”的演讲比赛,请你根据以下要点写一篇英语演讲稿。 要点: 1. 感恩对象(父母、老师、朋友?) ; 注意: 1. 只能选择一个感恩对象; 2. 词数 120 左右。开头和结尾已写好,不计入总词数。 Good morning, everyone, It’s a great honor to have the opportunity to be with you today. The topic of my speech is “Thank you, 2. 为何感恩; 3. 如何感恩。

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_______________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ Thank you for listening.

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新余市 2014—2015 学年度下学期期末质量检测 高一英语试题 答案 听力: 1—5. A CB A C 6—10. A B A C B 11—15. CAC B A 16—20 C B A C B 阅读:21—24DDBC 25—27 BAA 28—31 CBAB 32-35 BDCA 七选五:36-40 GDFEA 完形: 41—45 CADDA 46—50 ABBAC 51—55 CABBD 56—60 DACBC 语法填空: 61.greatest 62.a 63. what 64. was born 65. his 66. unhappily 67.lost 68. following 69. for 70.where 改错: 1.which 改为 where 2.robot 改为 robots 3.amazed 改为 amazing 4.included 改为 including 5. that 改为 what 6. is 改为 was 7.of 去掉 8. especial 改为 especially 9. make 改为 makes 10.live 前加 to 书面表达: Good morning, everyone, It’s a great honor to have the opportunity to be with you today. The topic of my speech is “Thank you, mum.” My mum is an ordinary housewife, who devotes herself to looking after me, giving me care and encouragement. She can do everything to make sure that I can grow up healthily and happily. She keeps me company, cooks me tasty dinners, and makes my room as clean as possible. On top of that, whenever I get upset, she listens to me and comforts me until I have cheered up. I’m very grateful to have such a caring mother. Now, I have a message for everyone here, including myself: since we have grown up, we children should try to repay our dear mum instead of always trying to receive something from her. We can help her as she helps us. Sometimes even a small talk with mum or a cup of tea for her will shine her through. Thank you for listening.

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