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山东省济南市2015届高三针对性训练(二模)英语试题


高三针对性训练


后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 注意事项:



本试卷分第 I 卷和第Ⅱ卷两部分,共 12 页。满分 150 分。考试用时 120 分钟。考试结束

1.答第 I 卷前考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。 2.选出每小题答案前,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应

题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用 橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号框,不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。 第I卷 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,合计 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1.What did the man mostly do in Paris? A.He saw the Eiffel Towet. B.He visited the museums. C.He went to restaurants. 2.What instrument does the woman play now? A.The violin. A.At home. B.The piano. B.In a library. C.The guitar. C.At a bookstore. 3.Where does the man’s mother work? 4.What does the woman want? A.To be the winner. B.To sing a song. C.To have another chance. 5.What does the woman think the man should do? A.Drink less coffee. B.Go to another cafe. C.Buy her a cup of coffee. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,合计 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小 题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。

6.Why is the woman selling her car? A.She needs the money badly. B.She doesn’t like it any more. C.She spends too much on parking. 7.What does the man suggest? A.Putting a sign on the car. B.Selling the car to him. C.Advertising the car online. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8.What is in her bag according to the girl? A.Her school stuff. B.Her lunch. C.Her pet dog. 9.What will the man do next? A.Search the bag. B.Play with the pet. C.Make a phone call. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10.What does the woman usually do after school? A.She plays sports. B.She goes to work. C.She attends club meetings. 11.What does the woman care about? A.After-school activities. B.Cafeteria food. C.School dances. 12.What does the woman tell the man? A.She won’t vote for him. B.She may vote for him. C.She will dance with him. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13.Where did the man live before coming back? A.In Beijing. B.In Shanghai. C.In Kunming. 14.What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A.Friends.

B.Co-workers. C.Brother and sister. 15.What is difficult for the man now? A.Traveling around China. B.Eating hot food in Chengdu. C.Finding a job in his hometown. 16.What do we know about the woman? A.She was out of work for about a year. B.She just returned from China. C.She’11 help the man find a job. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17.How long has Herman lived in New York City? A.Only recently. B.His whole life. C.Since he moved here. 18.According to the man,how many taxi drivers are there? A.Hundreds. B.Thousands. C.Millions. 19.What does the man say about the subway? A.It is really fast. B.It is very convenient. C.It is crowded on weekends. 20.Why does Maria suggest visiting other cities? A.To make a comparison. B.To meet some nice people. C.To introduce New York. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A Those who believe that they will never do well in a particular area probably never will.Those who believe they are not good at anything will forever feel unprepared.But those who believe that it is possible to succeed at what they attempt can surprise themselves. Adam was ready to retire. His wife Anna, however, was less enthusiastic. As she explained to a friend, “Adam has never done anything that required physical strength.When he retires,he will sit in his easy chair and expect me to bring him his food. ” But to Anna’s surprise,soon after her husband retired,he joined a health club.And one

night,when Adam arrived home from exercise class,he announced, “I signed up for the wrestling tournament. I am going to wrestle Friday night. ” Anna was shocked. “Please don’ t do it, Adam, ” she begged. “You’re not in shape.You will be so beat up that they will have to carry you home!” However, he couldn’ t be persuaded and she told him that if he went through with his “lame idea” , she was not going to watch. True to her word,she stayed away as Adam wrestled.And just as she predicted,two men practically carried Adam home . He lay down on the couch , every muscle pained and wounded. Before she could speak, he blurted out, “Don’ t say a word, Anna!This is not the worst of it.I won tonight.I have to wrestle again tomorrow night!” Nothing changes in your life until you believe you can do things that are important to you. And if you have a low opinion of yourself,nobody else is likely to raise it. 21.How did Adam feel about his retirement? A.Worried. B.Prepared. C.Annoyed. D.Surprised. 22.What does the“lame idea”in Paragraph 3 refer to? A.Adam’s joining a health club. B.Going to wrestle Friday night. C.Being beat up by other wrestlers. D.Adam’s going to be carried home. 23.What can we learn from Adam’s story? A.What you believe makes a difference. B.Wrestling is a dangerous game. C.The retired man is very stubborn. D.A wife should support her husband. B Britons may like to complain a lot,but they rarely do so in the moment,explains BBC writer Ruth Margolis.They would rather grumble(发牢骚)afterward.This is because Britons hate to put someone out and cause a scene: Margolis writes: “For instance, I’ m much more comfortable just leaving that piece of raw chicken on my plate instead of complaining to restaurant staff.But beware:if this kind of thing happens when you’re dining with an American,they will most likely speak up on your behalf and not understand why you find this ashamed. ” In a BBC blog post comparing cultural differences between the UK and the US, Margolis mentions a few other things that Americans like to do that are offensive to Britons. ●Not making introductions Margolis says most Britons dislike this approach because“talking to strangers without being introduced gives them a stomachache” .Americans rarely introduce a new friend to their friends at parties.Strangers are supposed to introduce themselves. ●“Quite”good Using “quite’ ’ to mean “very” happens a lot in the US. But if you are invited to a dinner party in Britain, don’ t describe the meal as “quite good” if you want to express high praise. To Britons’

ears, “quite”detracts from the“good” :the meal was OK but could have been better. ●Money Talk Americans can talk about money subjects for hours without feeling uncomfortable .For Britons,says Margolis: “talking about how much we make is unthinkable—even 1ess so than discussing our feelings” . ●Over-politeness “It’s not that I want shop assistants to be actively rude.But neither do I want to expend energy responding to someone who’ s been paid to ask: ‘How are you today?’ ’ ’ says Margolis. In the US, it is not unusual to be greeted by a perfect stranger as “honey” or “sweetie” . But Margolis says Britons find put-on friendliness,especially in stores,deeply irritating(使人生气的). 24.Margolis’s dining experience in Paragraph 1 shows that_______. A.Britons are particular about foods B.Britons are not good at complaining C.Americans usually complain directly D.Americans complain more than Britons 25.Which of the following might Margolis agree with? A.Britons enjoy talking about their feelings. B.Americans introduce themselves at parties. C.Americans dislike talking to strangers at parties. D.Britons feel happy if treated like close friends. 26.The underlined phrase“detracts from”in the text probably means“____” . A.differs greatly from B.increases the quality of C.reduces the strength of D.draws attention away from 27.What does the text mainly talk about? A.How to get on well with westerners. B.How to start conversations with Britons. C.Ruth Margolis’s tips on public behavior. D.Some American habits that annoy Britons. C If you had a strange sound in your ear,what would you do?One man in Wales who thought he had a fly in his ear called 999,the emergency services number in Britain.And so did a woman who was worried about her green potatoes.Could she make chips with them?Were they poisonous?She didn’ t hesitate about calling the local ambulance service to ask. According to a recent report, more than 3 1,000 non-urgent calls were made to the Welsh Ambulance Service in the last year. Inappropriate calls are a headache for health professionals everywhere.In the US,prank calls

to 911 happen on a daily basis.Many callers use apps which hide their identity.But those who try to be funny shouldn’t be surprised if the police have the last laugh.One man from Colorado was arrested for making more than 1, 2 00 prank calls, according to a report on the US television station KOAA—TV. People who take these calls are trained to stay calm and keep a straight face,no matter how strange the call sounds. “There’s no way for us to know whether the call is real,accidental or a prank call, ”said a public safety worker interviewed by the American TV channel. The Head of Clinical Services at the Welsh Ambulance Service,Richard Lee,has a warning for prank callers. He says: “When people misuse the service it means our precious time is being taken away from someone who really does need our help. ” Indeed, these hotlines are supposed to help the seriously ill or those with a life-threatening injury. You never know, one day, the person who needs assistance could be you or someone in your family. 28.How does the author introduce the topic of the text? A.By giving examples. B.By telling a story. C.By listing figures. D.By making a comparison. 29.According to the text,prank calls are usually________. A.meant to be helpful B.dealt with in time C.thought highly of D.made to play tricks 30.What does the underlined phrase“have the last laugh”in Paragraph 2 probably mean? A.Win at last. B.Never find them. C.Laugh at them. D.Know nothing. 31.What does the author intend to suggest in the text? A.Prank calls are usually easy to identify. B.Operators feel annoyed by strange callers. C.Prank calls may cause serious results. D.Prank callers should be punished by law.

D If you’ ve ever dashed into the grocery store to pick up a tube of toothpaste, you’ re likely to

stop before so many options available.There are at least more than a dozen brands, each one presenting several different specialties of cleaning ability.Sometimes before you have enough time to take the costs,flavors and colors into consideration,you are warned the store is closing. But it’s not just the number of options that gives us pause for thought—it’s the amount of information each option has that trips us up(使某人犯错)too.Social scientist Barry Schwartz thinks in part that an abundance of choices and information may make us falsely believe that even a fairly ordinary task like shopping for toothpaste has great significance than it really does.He also points out that the Internet can actually make matters worse. Our goal is to make the “perfect” choice. When we make decisions, we’ re motivated not only by the opportunity for gain, but also by the fear of loss. The decision—making process isn't a purely analytical one—researchers discovered that the process of making a choice lights up parts of our brains that deal with regret and emotional memories.But what we may regret most is the extra time spent on analyzing and comparing each and every bit of information,which can lower our decision-making ability. One good approach is to place a value on the time it takes to make your decision, compared to the value of the decision itself.In the case of toothpaste,you probably serve your interest sufficiently by quickly choosing any toothpaste that keeps white teeth securely rooted in your minty(清新的)mouth. 32.We can learn from the first paragraph that_____. A.more options help people make the right decision B.different kinds of toothpaste function similarly C.people’s personal preferences affect their choices D.time is wasted on making insignificant decisions 33.What can we infer from the second paragraph? A.People often make wrong decisions. B.There are no small decisions in 1ife. C.The Internet provides more options. D.Careful choice iS worth the effort. 34.In making choices,people have to balance____. A.time and place B.gain and loss C.regret and memories D.opportunity and motivation 35.The writer’s purpose in writing this text is to______. A.give advice on how to make a quick and right choice

B.show how valuable time is wasted for nothing C. describe the choice-making process in our brain D.offer tipg on how to save time when shopping 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 For some people,the warmest memories from childhood come from being read a great story. 36 It develops children’s language skills and increases their ability to succeed in school and,later,work. A new report by the American Academy of Pediatrics says reading aloud is so important that parents should start as soon as their children are born and continue to read aloud even after their children can read by themselves.They say parents should also point to and talk about pictures in books for infants(婴幼儿). 37 The company Scholastic is fl maj or U.S.publisher of children’s books.Every two years, Scholastic publishes a report on American reading attitudes and habits.The 2015 report says only 31 percent of children in the U.S.read a book for fun almost every day. 38 One is simply to have books in the home.Elizabeth Lyttleton,the mother of three,is lucky. Her mother once wrote and illustrated children’ s books, so the family always have plenty to read.She says all her children learn from books—but in different ways. 39 Researchers from the Scholastic company found that 80%of children surveyed —of all ages—say they love being read to.And children ages 6 to 11 whose parents do not read to them anymore say they miss it. 40 Of all the six to 17-year-olds in the Scholastic study,more than 90%said their favorite books are the ones they chose for themselves. A.The Scholastic report also suggests permitting children to choose their own books. B.Scholastic also identifies some ways to develop a love of reading in a child. C.A book does not have to be serious to be good for kids. D.For young children,parents should ask questions about the book. E.Do children still read for fun? F.Another way to develop a reading habit in children is to read to them. G.But reading to children does more than create warm memories. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 People commonly believe red wakes us up or blue calms us down.It is deeply rooted in

Western culture—to the point that many consider it a 41.But do they really change our behavior in the ways that we 42 ? If you repeatedly have a particular experience 43 by a certain color, then you eventuallv 44 to associate that color with the way you are feeling or behaving.It’s been suggested that a school career spent reading your teacher’s red writing circling your 45 forever makes you link red with danger. Meanwhile, blue is more likely to be associated with 46 situations like staring at the sea. It is true that people do make different associations with different 47 ,but whether this translates into 48 To in a certain way or succeeding at a particular task is a different question. 49 this idea , in 2009 researchers at the University of British Columbia sat their

participants at computer screens colored blue or red and tested them on 50 tasks.With a red screen people did better on 51 requiring attention to detail,but when the screen was blue they did better on creative tasks, such as 52 as many uses as possible for a single brick. The researchers thought that red signaled “ avoidance ” and so they were more 53 , while blue motivated an“approach’’behavior that 54 them to be freer with their thinking,resulting in more 55 .The test suggested that the colors and behaviors were 56 in their minds. The team even thought about the 57 uses of their findings.They 58 whether walls should be painted different colors depending on the task at hand.However, 59 this might be tricky.In an office or a classroom you 60 want to think creatively some of the time and pay attention to detail at others. 41.A.fact 42.A.judge 43.A.surrounded 44.A.decide 45.A.grades 46.A.easier 47.A.colors 48.A.reading 49.A.test 50.A.challenging 51.A.questions 52.A.picking out 53.A.careful 54.A.forced 55.A.patience 56.A.separated 57.A.practical B.wish B.think B.designed B.pretend B.comments B.calmer B.places B.writing B.promote B.various B.duties B.putting up B.worried B.encouraged B.anxiety B.combined B.regular C.plan C.choose C.painted C.fail C.mistakes C.tougher C.cases C.speaking C.share C.important C.tasks C.curious C.convinced C.creativity C.mixed C.official D.problem D.predict D.decorated D.begin D.notes D.worse D.persons D.behaving D.discuss D.urgent D.jobs D.relaxed D.reminded D.curiosity D.associated D.frequent

C.bringing about D.thinking of

58.A.minded 59.A.in need 60.A.should

B.wondered B.on purpose B.must

C.requested C.in practice C.can

D.concluded D.at least D.might

第Ⅱ卷
注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Doctors have been warning for years that secondhand smoke leads to many types of illness.61 ,many children around the world live in areas where adults 62 (regular)smoke. A journal 63 (call)Annals of Family Medicine recently published an article,64 called for doctors to start treating children’ s contact to secondhand smoke as abuse. In that case, contact to secondhand smoke would be viewed much like physical abuse or neglect. The author of the article, Dr.Adam Goldstein,is 65 professor at University of North Carolina School of Medicine.He says secondhand smoke 66 (cause)many diseases in children. The U.S.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention agree that secondhand smoke can cause serious health problems in children.They say that compared to children who grow up in homes 67 smokers,children with parents who smoke have smaller lungs and68 (many)illnesses. However, several organizations for smokers’ rights in the U. S. say people have the right 69 (smoke)in their own homes. Dr. Adam Goldstein has warned tobacco companies are trying to avoid and even weaken anti—tobacco laws,and the fight is going to be difficult.But he added, “We should not give up 70 we make sure tobacco industry goes out of business. ” 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) (试题见答题纸) 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 英文网站 Teens 开展主题为“My biggest challenge in high school”的征文活动。请根据以 下要点提示,写一篇 100 词左右的英语短文参加该活动。 1.描述你在高中生活中所遇到的最大挑战; 2.介绍你的应对措施及感悟。 注意:文章中不要出现个人真实信息。

高三针对性训练

英语试题答案与评分标准
第Ⅰ卷
第一部分 听力(每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)
1—5 CABAA 6—10 CCACB 11—15 CBAAC 16—20 ABBBA

第二部分 阅读理解 (每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)
21—23 BBA 24—27 CBCD 36—40 GDBFA 28—31 ADAC 32—35 DCBA

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)
第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 41—45 ABADC 46—50 BADAB 51—55 CDABC 56—60 DABCD

第 Ⅱ卷
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)
第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 61. However 62. regularly 63. called 64. which 66. causes 67. without 68. more 69. to smoke 评分说明:与答案不一致不给分(包括大小写不正确) 。 65. a 70. until/before

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分)
第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)
My classmates and I take part in a wildness survival program from July 10th to July 13th this summer. took Before we started, we∧given a compass, a map, a first-aid kit, tents, food, any clothes and so on. On the were some Luckily right direction with a compass. As soon as they arrived at the campsite, we put up our tents, made a fire and then the how Through the program, we learned to use knowledge gaining in class to solve problem. It was quite an gained unforgettable experience for me. problems we started cooking. We also learned what to give first-aid. way we climbed three more hills and swam across two rivers. We lost our way in the forest. Lucky we found the

评分说明:改正格式不符合要求不给分。 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) (参考范文略,评分标准参照全国卷 I 答案标准执行,泄露个人信息要适度扣分。 )


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