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江西省南昌市第三中学2015-2016学年高一英语上学期期末考试试题


南昌三中 2015-2016 学年度上学期期末考试 高一英语试卷
第一部分 听力(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 该部分分为第一、第二两节。注意:回答听力部分时,请先将答案标在试卷上。听力部分结束 时,你将有两分钟的时间将你的答案转涂到客观题答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题, 从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。 1.What will the woman do this weekend? A. Go swimming. B. Climb the mountain. C. Go hiking. 2.Who catches the fish? A. Jason. B. The man. C. The woman. 3.How many people will go to the park? A. 2. B. 3. C. 4. 4. What will be cleaned? A. The toilets. B. The bedrooms. C. The living room. 5.What will the man buy? A. Nothing. B. A computer. C. A cellphone. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小 题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6.What’s the man’s father? A. A scientist. B. A businessman. C. A travel guide. 7.What does the man probably like most now? A. Science. B. Business. C. Travel. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题 8.How soon must the speakers finish lunch? A. In an hour. B. In 45 minutes. C. In half an hour. 9.Why won’t the speakers go to Dave’s? A. It is closed today. B. It is too far away. C. It is usually crowded. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10.What does the man show to the woman? A. A toy car. B. A new phone. C. An alarm clock. 11.How is the new product different from others? A. It can ring and talk. B. It can roll and jump. C. It can sing and move. 12. Who doesn’t need the new product? A. The man. B. The woman. C. The woman’s nephew. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13.Where does the conversation probably take place? A. In a shop. B. In a travel agency (旅行社). C. At the seaside. 14.What does the man plan to do? A. Go traveling. B. Book a ticket. C. Buy new sunglasses.
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15.What will the man do first? A. Learn to swim. B. Learn to surf. C. Surf the Internet. 16.Why is May the best time to visit Hawaii? A. The expenses are the lowest. B. The weather is pleasant. C. The scenery is the most beautiful. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17.Why does the speaker give the talk? A. To announce some changes. B. To apologize for an accident. C. To inform passengers of leaving. 18.From which platform (月台) will the train to London leave? A. 3. B. 6. C. 9. 19.When will the train to Brist ol leave? A. At 10:15 am. B. At 10:55 am. C. At 12:20 pm. 20.What do we know about Mr. Green? A. He is traveling to London. B. He works in the lost luggage (行李) office. C. He lost his computer at the railway station. 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 语法和词汇知识(共 10 小题;每小题 0.5 分,满分 5 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. —Do you think their table tennis team will win the first place at the coming Asian Games? —_______. Ours is much stronger than theirs. A. Of course B. It depends C. Don’t mention it D. By no means 22. A good advertisement often uses words _______ people attach positive meanings. A. in which B. to which C. that D. which 23.The elderly need special care in winter, as they are_______ to the sudden changes of weather. A. helpless B. generous C. humorous D. sensitive 24.Customers are asked to make sure that they ______ the right change before leaving the shop. A. will give B. have given C. have been given D. will be given 25.She always donates a lot of money to the children in poor areas and asked for nothing ______. A. in return B. in case C. in turn D. in addition 26.Rainforests______ and burned at such a speed that they will disappear from the earth in th e near future. A. cut B. are cut C. are being cut D. had been cut 27.Much attention should be paid_______ the animals in danger of dying out. A. on protecting B. to protect C. protecting D. to protecting 28.I can’t tell you the exact time when I’ll get there, maybe at eight or nine or even later. ______ , I will be there as early as I can. A. Anyway B. However C. Thus D. Therefore 29.The computer system_______ suddenly while he was searching for information on the
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Internet. A. broke down B. broke out C. broke up D. broke in 30.After graduating from college, I took some time off to go travelling, ______ turned out to be a wise decision. A. that B. which C. it D. what 第二节 完形填空 (共 20 小题; 每小题 1.5 分, 满分 30 分) When we talk about a bad man, we like to call him a “wolf”. But is it really true that the wolf stands for devil and ugliness? Have you read the book The Wolf Totem by a famous writer Jiang Rong, which tells the story of the relationship between wolves and human beings? Have you ever 31 the wolves’ world? If you had, you would 32 the wolves. In the book, wolves are heroes on the large grassland. They know more about 33 than humans. They can attack lambs without disturbing their mothers. They also know how to 34 full use of the shape of land to 35 sheep. I believe that if wolves were humans, they would be 36 experts good at fighting. The wolf is a kind of special creature that can deeply understand 37 . Each wolf serves its group with its heart and soul. A 38 wolf has little power, but a pack of wolves 39 nothing. All the wolves obey the rules. 40 they are defeated, they run away together. It is their teamwork 41 makes wolves powerful. The wolves also have great self-respect and won’t 42 to anyone. The writer, who wrote the book The Wolf Totem, stole a one-month-old baby wolf and 43 it very carefully. To his 44 , he f ound the little wolf still wanted to go back with the 45 wolves. He bit through the iron chain that limited him. The wolf was 46 and he never gave in, fighting to 47 . The little wolf died as a glorious fighter. I was 48 by this kind of self-respect: wolves are one of the most respected creatures on earth. I want everyone to look at wolves in a 49 way. They are our teachers. They show us how to survive and 50 in this not simple and dangerous world. Please honor the wolves, please honor all these heroes of nature. 31. A. hunted for B. thought about C. talked about D. cared for 32. A. doubt B. admire C. draw D. watch 33. A. space B. spot C. food D. survival 34. A. get B. take C. have D. make 35. A. fight B. avoid C. trap D. discover 36. A. special B. imaginative C. outstanding D. creative 37. A. operation B. teamwork C. lifestyle D. control 38. A. single B. brave C. lonely D. violent 39. A. fight B. struggle C. fear D. fail 40. A. As for B. As though C. Even so D. Even if 41. A. what B. which C. that D. one 42. A. turn in B. give in C. take in D. break in 43. A. rose B. raised C. caught D. cared 44. A. satisfaction B. sorrow C. pleasure D. disappointment 45. A. rest B. others C. another D. other 46. A. proud B. satisfied C. willing D. eager 47. A. death B. life C. happiness D. way 48. A. frightened B. confused C. shocked D. influenced 49. A. curious B. different C. strange D. humorous 50. A. walk B. hand C. get D. succeed 第三部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题,满分 40 分)
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第一节 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。 A The Olympic flame The Olympic Flame is a symbol carried over from the ancient Olympics, where a flame burned at the altar(祭坛)of Zeus throughout competition. It was finally reintroduced at the 1924 Amsterdam Games, and again burned in 1932. Carl Diem, chairman of the organizing committee for the 1936 Berlin Games, proposed that the flame be lit in Greece and transported to Berlin via a torch relay. The idea was adopted(采纳)and continued at every Olympic Games since 1952. The flame is lit at the ancient site of Olympia by the natural rays of the sun reflected off a carved mirror. It is lit at a ceremony by women dressed in robes resembling those worn in ancient times, who then pass it to the first relay runner. The Olympic motto “Citius, altius, fortius” is a Latin phrase meaning “swifter, higher, stronger”, which Baron de Coubertin borrowed from Father Henri Dideon of Paris. Dideon was the headmaster of Arcueil College, and used the phrase to describe the athletic achievements of students at the school. He had previously been at the Albert Le Grand School, where the Latin words were carved in the stone above the main entrance. The Olympic oath “In the name of all competitors, I promise that we shall take part in these Olympi c Games, respecting and abiding by the rules that govern them, in the true spirit of sportsmanship, for the glory of sport and the honor of our teams.” Written by Baron de Coubertin, the oath is taken by an athlete from the host nation while holding a corner of the Olympic flag. The athletes’ oath was first taken by Belgian fencer Victor Boin at the 1920 Antwerp Games. A judge from the host country also speaks the oath, with slightly different wording. 51.The Olympi c flame was first burned at _____________ in modern times. A. the 1920 Games B. the 1924 Games C. the 1932 Games D. the 1936 Games 52.The underlined word in Paragraph Two can be replaced with ____________. A. ordered B. insisted C. suggested D. requested 53.From the passage we can learn___________. A. the firs t torch relay was held at the 1936 Berlin Games B. before 1936, no flames were burned at the Olympic Games C. Carl Diem proposed that flames should be burnt at the Olympic Games D. the Olympic torch is lit in the country where the Games are held and passed via a relay. 54.The Olympic motto was ___________ . . A. written by Baron de Coubertin B. from Greek C. from the ancient Olympic Games D. borrowed f rom Father Henri D ideon of Paris 55.Which of the following is TRUE? A. There was no athlete’s oath in the 1896 Olympic Games. B. The 1920 Olympic games was held in Amsterdam. C. The judge from the host country takes the same oath as the athletes does. D. Dideon wrote Citius, Altius, Fortius for the Olympic Games. B The more time scientists spend designing computers, the more they wonder at human brain. Tasks that puzzle the most advanced supercomputer — recognizing a face, reading a handwritten note — are just child’s play for the 3-pound organ(器官). Most important, unlike any ordinary computer, the brain can learn from its mistakes. Researchers have tried
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for years to program computers to imitate the brain’s abilities, but without success. Now a growing number of designers believe they have the answer: if a computer is to work more like a person and less like an over-grown calculator, it must be built more like a brain, which distributes information across a vast interconnected web of nerve cells or neurons. Ordinary computers work by following a chainlike sequence of detailed instructions. Although very fast, their processors can perform only one task at a time. This approach works best in solving problems that can be broken down into simpler logical pieces. The processors in a neural-network computer, by contrast, form a network much like the nerve cells in the brain. Since these artificial neurons are interconnected, they can share information and perform tasks at the same time. This two-dimensional approach works best at recognizing patterns. Instead of programming a neural-network computer to make decisions, its maker trains it to recognize patterns in any solution to a problem by repeatedly feeding examples to the machine. Neural networks come in all shapes and sizes. Until now most existed as software simulatio ns (模拟品) because redesigning computer chips took a lot of time and money. By experimenting with different approaches through software rather than hardware, scientists have been able to avoid costly (昂贵的) mistakes. 56.It can be inferred from the first two paragraphs that the most advanced supercomputer______. A. can recognize a face and read a handwritten note B. can learn from its mistakes C. weighs only 3 pounds D. can’t distribute information across an interconnected web of nerve cells 57.An ordinary computer can usually do the following except that . A. it must be programmed before it works B. it can only solve one problem at a time C. it is good at solving problems that can be broken down into simpler logical pieces D. it is trained to make decisions 58.The main feature of a neural-network computer is that_________. A. its processors act as an interconnected web of neurons B. it is programmed to make decisions C. its networks are of all shapes and sizes D. its neurons are artificial 59.What does “this two-dimensional approach” in the third paragraph refer to? A. the conventional computer and the neural computer. B. making decisions and recognizing patterns. C. sharing information and performing tasks. D. the computer and the human brain. 60.Scientists use software rather than hardware in their experiments because_________. A. it can avoid redesigning computer chips B. it can save a lot of time and money C. it can avoid making mistakes D. it is more like the human brain C The Leshan Giant Buddha is a statue of Maitreya (弥勒大佛) in sitting posture. The Buddha is located in Sichuan Province,facing Min River, Qingyi River and Dadu River. In December, 1996, the Buddha was included by UNESCO on the list of the World Heritage. The statue was begun in the year 713 in the Tang Dynasty, and finished in the year 803.The Buddha is 71 meters high. The 8-meter-long instep (脚背) is big enough for one hundred people to sit on and the 28-meter-wide shoulder is la rge enough to be a basketball playground. A monk called Hai Tong is connected with the Buddha forever. At that time,wild waters
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brought out many boat accidents and people just put the disaster down to the presence of a water spirit. So Hai Tong decided to make a statue beside the river, thinking that the Buddha would bring the water spirit under control. After 20 years’ begging from door to door, he finally collected enough money for the plan. When some local government officials tried to get this amount of money, Hai Tong said that they could get his eyeballs but not the money raised for the Buddha. After he dug out his eyeballs, these officials ran away scared. The project was half done when Hai Tong passed away, and two of his disciples (门 徒 ) continued the work. After a total of 90 years' hard work, the project was finally completed. Having such a long history, the Buddha was nearly destroyed by the wind and rain. The Chinese government began the repairing work in 1963 under the instructions of experts from UNESCO. 61.What's the main idea of this passage? A. To explain the Leshan Giant Buddha briefly. B. To tell us how the Leshan Giant Buddha was built. C. To say where the Leshan Giant Buddha is. D. To mention how the Leshan Giant Buddha came into the World Heritage. 62.How did Hai Tong get the money for the Buddha? A. By calling for donation B. By working on the river. C. By asking the government. D. By selling his eyeballs. 63.According to the passage, the Leshan Giant Buddha ___________. A. was completed when Hai Tong was alive B. didn’t exist now C. played a good role in controlling the river D. has been a World Heritage site for over ten years 64.Hai Tong hoped to build the statue to ________. A. make his temple more famous B. show respect to the water spirit C. protect the safety of t he local people D. get more people to believe in Buddhism 65.In this passage, Hai Tong can be best described as ________. A. peace-loving B. out-going C. easy-going D. long-suffering

第二节

(七选五)阅读填空(每题 2 分,共 10 分) Muzak The next time you go into a bank, a store, or a supermarket, stop and listen. What do you hear? 66 It’s similar to the music you listen to, but it's not exactly the same. That's because this music was especially designed to relax you, or to give you extra energy. Sometimes you don't even realize the music is playing, but you react to the music anyway. Quiet background music used to be called “elevator music” because we often heard it in elevators. But lately we hear it in more and more places, and it has a new name “Muzak”. About one?third of the people in America listen to “Muzak” every day. The music plays for 15 minutes at a time, with short pauses in between. It is always more lively between ten and eleven in the morning, and between three and four in the afternoon, when people are more tired. 67 If you listen to Muzak carefully, you will probably recognize the names of many of the songs. Some musicians or songwriters don’t want their songs to be used as Muzak but others are happy when their songs are chosen. Why? 68 Music is often played in public places because it is designed to make people feel less lonely when they are in an airport or a hotel. It has been proven that Muzak does what it is designed to do. Tired office workers suddenly have more energy when they hear the pleasant
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sound of Muzak in the background. 69 Supermarket shoppers buy 38 percent more groceries. 70 They say it’s boring to hear the same songs all the time. But other people enjoy hearing Muzak in public places. They say it helps them relax and feel calm. One way or another. Muzak affects everyone. Some farmers even say their cows give more milk when they hear Muzak! A. Some people don't like Muzak. B. The music gives them extra energy. C. Music is playing in the background. D. Factory workers produce 13 percent more. E. Muzak tends to help people understand music better. F. They get as much as $4 million a year if their songs are used. G. Muzak is played in most of the big supermarkets in the world. 第四部分 基础知识考查。 第一节 课文知识部分 71、课文默写填空(共 10 空,每空 1 分,共 10 分) Frederick William I, the King of Prussia, could never have imagined that his greatest gift to the Russian people would have such an (1) history. This gift was the Amber Room, which was given this name because several tons of amber were used to make it. The amber w h i c h w a s (2) had a beautiful yellow-brown colour like honey. The design of the room was in the (3) style popular in those days. It was also a treasure decorated with gold and jewels, which took the country’s best artists about ten years to make. Since the 1970s many new applications have been found for me. I have become very important in communication, (4) and trade. I have also been put into robots and used to make mobile phones as well as help with medical operations. I have even been put into space rockets and sent to (5) the Moon and Mars. Anyhow, my (6) is to provide humans with a life of high quality. I am now truly filled with happiness that I am a devoted friend and helper of the human (7) ! Daisy smiled. “That’s good news. It shows the importance of wildlife protection, but I'd like to help as the WWF suggests.” The carpet rose again and almost at once they were in a thick rainforest. A monkey watched them as it rubbed itself. “What are you doing?” asked Daisy. “I’m protecting myself (8) mosquitoes,” it replied. “When I find a millipede ( 9 ) , I rub it over my body. It contains powerful drug which ( 10 ) mosquitoes?. 72、单词拼写(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,计 10 分)(用必修二词汇表中单词的正确形式填空,否则 不得分。) (1) However frequently they are _____(表演), the works of Beethoven still attract people a lot. (2)The d_____ of too much time to playing computer games resulted in his failure in the exam. (3)Whether you like it or not, you’ve got to open your eyes to face the ______ (现 实). (4)I would really a_____ it if you could do me a favor. (5)The plan put forward by him ______ (值得) consideration. (6)With the help of his friends, he finally______ (解决) the problem. (7)Our newly built gymnasium could a______ 800 people in total. (8)Unexpected difficulties a______ in the course of their experiment. (9)It is of great importance for children to ______ (形成) the habit of reading at an early age. (10)To his r_____, he finally succeeded in passing the driving license test.
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73、单句改错(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分, 满分 5 分) 下面各句中均有一项错误,请用正确符号标出并改正,每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 (1)A large troop of soldiers have been sent to the forest in the search of the missing kid. (2)The story you just told seems just familiar with me. (3)The employer you thought highly of proving dishonest. (4)It is suggested that customers should pack up the remained food and take them home. (5)Although many cities around the world compete with the opportunity to host the Olympics, there is only one winner every four years. 第二节 书面表达 (满分 20 分) 假设你叫李华, 你从报纸上得知世界上 8 种熊中有 6 种面临灭绝的危险。你决定给世界野生生 物基金会(WWF)写信反映这一情况,提出你的建议和希望。 注意:1. 词数:100 左右,信的开头和结尾已给 出,不计入总词数; 2. 可适当增加细节,使行文连贯; 3. 参考词汇:熊类 bear species ☆ 濒危原因 ——人类活动: 1. 熊的某些部位可以用作贵重的药物;2. 栖息地遭到破坏。 ☆ 建议:1. 建立更多的保护区;2. 立法禁猎熊类。 Dear Sir or Madam, ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ Please give a hand to the endangered bears. They need help to survive. Yours sincerely Li Hua

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2015-2016 年度高一上学期英语期末考试参考答案 听力:1-5 CBBAA 6-10 BCBAC 11-15 BBBAB 16-20 BACCC 单选:21-25 DBDCA 26-30 CDAAB 完型:31-35 BBDDC 36-40 CBACD 41-45 CBBDD 46-50 AACBD 阅读:51-55 BCA DA 56-60 DDACB 61-65 BADCD 七选五:66—70 CBFDA 课文默写 71 题 (1) amazing (2) selected (3) fancy (4) finance (5) explore (6) goal (7) race (8) from (9) insect (10) affects 单词拼写 72 题 (1) performed (2) devotion (3) reality (4) appreciate (5) deserved/ deserves (6) solved (7) admit (8) arose (9) form (10) relief 单句改错 73 题 (1) “in the search of”去掉 “the” (2) with→ to (3) proving → proved (4) remained →remaining (5) with → for 书面表达 One possible version: Dear Sir or Madam, I’ve learned from a newspaper that six of eight bear species in the world are dying out as a result of human activities. One of the reasons why bears are often killed is that some parts of bears are very expensive as medicine. In addition, many habitats of bears are being destroyed, so bears are losing their homes. To save bears, I think more reserves for bears should be set up so that they can live freely there. Besides, Laws should be passed to prevent people from killing bears. Please give a hand to the endangered bears. They need help to survive. Yours sincerely Li Hua

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