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新课标2016年高一英语寒假作业6


新课标 2016 年高一英语寒假作业 6 第Ⅰ卷 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 60 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 45 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A It was Andria Baker?s high school graduation party, and the

time had come for her father to make good on a promise that he had made her years ago, when she was a fourth-grader. “After you started on your first day of kindergarten and continue it through your last day of high school, and I?ll buy you a car.” Tim Baker had told the child. Through the years, Andria Baker kept up her end of the bargain, willing herself to go to school on those days even when she felt under the weather. She did carry out her 13th year of uninterrupted coming to the classroom with her final day at Constantine High Sehool even when she was ill. At Sunday?s party, her father gave the young woman the keys to a new, $17 000 Pontiac G6. Tim Baker, who teaches seventh grade at Constantine Middle School, said he has no regrets about the deal. “Without a doubt, it was worth every penny I spent,” he said. The look on his daughter?s face when she saw the car was great. Baker said, “When she turned around after seeing the car, she did not know what to do. We got her into the car and she just sat there. Then she ran into the house to get her driver?s license, and she and her best friend got in the car and drove down the road.” Andria Baker, 19, said she thinks she would have gone ahead with that even if a new car had not been promised her. “A lot of my friends thought I was crazy, but I just kept going.” she said. Baker plans to go after an education degree at Alma College. “In my sophomore year I hurt my ankle in a basketball game, and it was really painful,” she said. “Also that day I caught a cold and the teacher looked at me and said, ?I?m not the teacher who?s going to send you home.?”

61.What does the phrase “she felt under the weather” mean?

A. She felt that the weather was very cold. C. Her body changed with the weather.

B. She didn?t feel good. D. She liked the weather very much.

62.When Andria Baker saw her present, she felt ________. A. surprised and excited C. frightened and worried 63.From the text, we can know that ________. A. both Andria Baker and her father stayed in the same school B. her father made the promise from the day when she began her school C. her father didn?t regret having bought her a new expensive car D. Andria Baker is now studying at Alma College for a degree 64.Andria Baker could come to school every day because ________. A. she was helped by all of her friends C. she never got ill B. she wanted to get a new car D. she just wanted to keep on doing that B. sad and crazy D. upset and angry

B New York State has passed the USA?s first state law banning(禁止) motorists talking on hand-held cellphones . the ban will begin November 1, although drivers caught using hand-held cell phones will be given only warnings during the first month. First-time violators (违法者) will face a$100 fine. A second time call for a$200 fine and every violation after that will cost$500. At least a dozen localities (地方) have established bans, starting in 1999; and 40 states have had bans proposed but not passed. At least 23 countries, including the Great Britain, Italy, Israel and Japan, ban drivers from using hand-held cell phones. There are about 115 million cell phones in use in the United States and more than 6 million in New York State. “To think that I?m not going to use cell phone when at the same time I can still use my laptop. I still can read a paper, I can still change my pants(裤子) while driving 65 mph.. I think there?s just something wrong,” an official said.

Other critics (批评者) noted that other things like eating, drinking coffee and applying make up while driving posed (造成) at least as much of a concern. They suggested that the ban include a broader range of things.

77. How much fine will a hand-held cell phone user pay if he has been caught using it four times while driving after November? A. $500 B. $1000 C. $1200 D. $1300

78. We can see from this passage that_______. A. the ban has been put into effect in most states in the U.S. B. many of the developed countries forbid drivers using hand-held cell phones C. over fifty localities or states ban drivers from using hand-held cell phones D. more people in the U.S. are against the ban than for it 79. The official mentioned in this passage______. A. does not agree with this ban B. doesn?t believe using hand-held cell phones while driving will cause any danger C. doesn?t understand why hand-held cell phones alone should be banned among many others D. believes changing pants while driving will cause greater danger 80. The writer intends to tell us in the last paragraph that_______. A. it is not fair to have this ban passed B. the ban will never be passed in the whole country C. more activities of the same kind should also be banned D. the ban will meet with more criticism C What’s A Real Friend? You can have the same neighbors for years. You love them or you think you love them. And you hope that they love you. But do you ever really understand them? Charlie Kemp and his family lived next door to me for 15 years. We were good friends all the time. I enjoy friendship. I think it's the best thing in the world. And friendship with the Kemps was easy because they seemed to welcome it.

They were interesting and clever people. Their house caught fire twice, and twice the whole family slept in mine. They are always losing things like money, keys and watches. Pictures fell off the walls, the children fell out of bed … I was their neighbor and their friend. Life was always interesting, never dull. Best of all, I liked the whole family. One day, I lit a fire in the garden to burn some rubbish. After some time Charlie Kemp came out of his house and walked up the road. “Morning, Charlie,” I said, “lovely day, isn?t it?” He smiled at me and nodded. I went on with my work. Twenty minutes later, a policeman arrived. He walked into my garden and said, “You?ll have to put out that fire. Your neighbor has complained (抱怨) to us. He doesn't like the smell.” “My neighbor …?” I asked. “Yes,” the policeman took out his notebook and read, “Charlie Kemp. He lives next door, doesn?t he?” 53. According to the passage, ________. A. Charlie Kemp is the author's neighbor and his real good friend B. Charlie Kemp is the author's neighbor but not his real good friend C. Charlie Kemp treats the author as his real good friend D. the author doesn't treat Charlie Kemp as his real good friend 54. The author was blamed by the policeman because ________. A. he was found burning the rubbish by the policeman B. he was found polluting the environment by burning the rubbish C. his neighbor Charlie Kemp complained about his action and called the policeman D. he burnt something of his neighbors 55. The author's experience tells us that ________. A. a friend in need is a friend indeed B. it is difficult to understand a person, even your friend C. anyone is sure to be friendly to you if you are friendly to him D. friendship is the best thing in the world

D

Sometimes children do not do what their parents tell them to do. When this happens, a parent tries to help the child to do the right thing. When this does not work, the parent usually punishes the child. There are many things that a parent can do. One thing that people have done is to spank (打 屁股) the child. When a parent spanks a child, they will use their hand or a hard object to strike them on their bottom. This is meant to show the child that they have done something wrong. One parent remembers being spanked when he was a child. His parents used a wooden spoon. When he spanked his own children with his hand, he saw that he put a red mark on his child?s leg. He never did that again. One problem with spanking is that it teaches the child to hit someone when they do not like what the other person is doing. Another problem with spanking is that the parent is usually angry and can hit the child too hard. Sometimes parents will use spanking for everything and not try other ways to get the child to do the right thing. Many parents are not sure of what to do instead of spanking. Some people think that their religion tells them that spanking is okay. Some think that the law lets them do it. The courts (法院) say that parents have the right to teach their children how to behave. Other things should be tried before a parent decides to spank a child. Telling the child exactly what is wanted from them can be one thing. Giving a child more than one choice is another thing that can be tried. Getting down to the child?s level and taking a more child-friendly approach (方 法) can help as well.

72. According to the passage, when children do something wrong, one thing that parents usually do to punish them is to ________. A. strike them on the bottom B. try to help them do the right thing C. teach them what to do D. take them to court 73. Which of the following is NOT the problem caused by spanking?

A. It teaches the child to hit others when they offend(使人不快) him or her. B. The parent may get angry and hit the child too hard. C. Sometimes parents may use spanking for everything. D. It makes parents try other ways to make the child do right. 74. Which of the following can best describe the writer?s attitude towards spanking? A. favorable (赞同的) B. indifferent (不关心) 75. From this passage, we can conclude that ________. A. Good children always do the right thing. B. Parents should try their best to avoid (避免) spanking their children. C. Parents have no choice but to spank their children when they do something wrong. D. Children can have more than one choice to avoid being spanked. C. interested D. unfavorable

第二节 (七选五 共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项, 选项中有两项为多余选项。 __66__This was not because the woods and fields were always far away, but because they were too far from the city to permit people to make a day trip between morning and nightfall. __67__ He decided to turn his little school house into a dormitory for the summer holidays. Anyone who brought his sleeping bag and cooking equipment along could stay there for a very small quantity of money. The idea was a success. A few years later, the school house was much too small to hold the many young people who wanted to stay there. __68__ This was the first hostel. Today, young students and workers of every country can meet in the hostel and get to know each other. When young people arrive at the hostel, they have only to show their cards of membership in a hostel organization in their own country. _69__ Often, at the evening meal, a group of boys and girls from various parts of the country or world will happen to meet at the same hostel. They may put their meal together and prepare a dinner with many kinds of dishes. Sometimes a program will be organized after the meal with dances, songs, or short talks followed by a question period. __70__ For this reason, a few weeks spent “hostelling” can be just as useful a part of one?s education as classes in school. A.In 1970, a young German school master had an idea which changed this situation. B.People can stay in the hostel if they brought enough equipment with them. C.One can learn a lot about other places, just by meeting people from those places. D.As a result, a dormitory was set up in an old castle nearby. E.For years, children in the industrial areas of Europe seldom left their cities to see the beauties of the countryside.

F.More and more young people went to the hostel for summer holidays. G.This card will permit them to stay in a hostel all over the world for low prices. 第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 15 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 One cold winter night, a fox woke up from his sleep. Feeling very 41 , he looked out of his foxhole to see what the weather was like. It had stopped 42 but now everything outside was white and frozen, and very 43 indeed. of the lake was frozen. So he sat

He reached the 44 and was happy to find that only 45 at the edge of the frozen part and lapped up(畅饮)the water. When he was ready to leave, he had a ice! He could have 47 46

. His lovely red tail was frozen and stuck to the

really hard and he would have been 48 . But he didn?t want to lose

the beautiful white hairs at the 49 of his tail. He loved his tail very much. “I?ll wait for a while,” thought the fox. “Maybe the ice will thaw(解冻)soon and then my tail will be free again.” he was not before 51 . The fox sat on the ice 52 . Soon the sky started to get lighter. He looked at his tail but now the whole tail was 53 to the ice! The poor fox was frightened now. 55 foxes. 56 . A wolf 54 it was dawn, the 50 at all. The men were still asleep and he was safe

men would come to the lake and they liked to

Some people were coming towards the lake! He was terrified but he couldn?t ran past at that time and the fox called out to him for

57 . The wolf looked at the fox?s tail. He

knew how to 58 the poor fox. He went up to the fox and bit off his tail 59 . The hesitating fox had lost his whole beautiful red tail just 60 few white hairs on the tip. 41.A.thirsty 42.A.raining 43.A.sunny 44.A.pond 45.A.part B.tired B.snowing B.cool B.river B.bottom C.sleepy C.blowing C.cold C.sea C.hole D.angry D.flooding D.windy D.lake D.all he had not wanted to lose a

46.A.swim 47.A.pushed 48.A.alive 49.A.tip 50.A.disappointed 51.A.midnight 52.A.patiently 53.A.trapped 54.A.Because 55.A.keep 56.A.see 57.A.help 58.A.punish 59.A.quietly 60.A.however

B.rest B.pulled B.safe B.back B.tired B.dark B.gladly B.stuck B.Before B.raise B.listen B.suggestion B.save B.secretly B.because

C.surprise C.avoided C.successful C.head C.worried C.noon C.lovely C.tied C.Since C.hunt C.speak C.information C.teach C.immediately C.so

D.question D.left D.free D.top D.excited D.dawn D.sadly D.connected D.Once D.feed D.move D.favor D.kill D.carefully D.although

第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节 满分 55) 第二节 阅读下面材料,用不多于 1 个单词的正确形式填空(语法填空)

第四部分 写作 (共两节 满分 35) 第一节 短文改错(10 分) I saw an accident happening on my way home this afternoon. A girl was crossing the street on a zebra crossing while a young man drives a motorbike towards her. The young man saw the girl and tried to stop, and he drove too fast to stop. He hit the girl and fell off her motorbike. The girl was badly hurt and couldn?t move. The young man didn?t know how to do. I ran to a phone box nearby and dialed 110 to call for the police. Soon the police 76.____ 77.____ 78.____ 79.____ 80.____ 81.____ 82.____

reached. They sent her to hospital at once. One of the policemen talked to the young man and wrote something down while was talking. It was very dangerous to drive very fast. I think the young man shouldn?t drive so fast.

83.____ 84.____ 85.____

第二节 书面表达 根据表格的内容提示,写一篇题为 SAVE EARTH, SAVE US 的公益广告解说词。 污染的原因 污染类型 1、空气污染 人类的生产和生活 2、噪音污染 活动(已列出) 3、水污染 3、环境恶化 2、人类健康受损 造成后果 1、物种减少 (请自己列出两条) 建议措施

注意:1. 词数:120 词左右; 2.内容要涵盖上面所列的几条; 3.不能逐词翻译。 With the development of modern society, pollution caused by human activities is becoming a more and more serious problem.

参考答案

第Ⅰ卷 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 60 分) 第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 45 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A 篇: B 篇: C 篇: D 篇: 答案及解析:BACD 答案及解析:DBCC 答案及解析:BCB 答案及解析:ADDB

第二节 (七选五 共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项, 选项中有两项为多余选项。 答案及解析: 66-70 EADGC 第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45) 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 15 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 答案及解析: 41—45.ABCDA 51—55.DABDC 46—50.CBDAC 56—60.DABCB

第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节 满分 55) 第三节 阅读下面材料,用不多于 1 个单词的正确形式填空(语法填空)

第四部分 写作 (共两节 满分 35) 第二节 短文改错(10 分) 答案及解析: 76. happening----happen 77. while----when 78. drives----drove 79. 第二个 and----but 80. her----his 81. how----what 或 do 后加 it 82. 去掉 for 或 for---up 83. reached-----arrived 84. was 前加 he 或 去掉 was 85. was----is

第三节 书面表达

答案及解析:

SAVE EARTH, SAVE US With the development of modern society, pollution caused by human activities is becoming a more and more serious problem. Smoke from factories and gases from vehicles are the main reasons for air pollution. Rivers are polluted when people throw waste into them, or when factories pour waste water into them. Modern lifestyle and modern ways of production also cause noise pollution. As a result, many species are dying out. More and more people are suffering from health problems. Enough attention should be paid to this problem and measures should be taken. Firstly, we should make laws to prevent factories from pouring waste water into rivers and sending smoke into the air without being dealt with. Secondly, we should raise people?s awareness of the serious problem and call on more people to protect the environment. Only by working together can we help the environment!


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