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学位英语必考词组必考词组2


n.四分之一 fraction frame n.碎片,小部分,一点儿 n.框架,框子 n.骨架,体格 n.装框子 framework France *frank free a. a. n.构架,框,结构,体制,基准体制 n.法国 a.坦白的,直率的 a.自由的,无约束的 免费的,免除的 自由开入的,畅通的

v.使自由,解入 a.空闲的,空余的 set fre

e freedom freely freeze *freight French 释放 n.自由,自主 n.自由地,随意地 u.结冰,凝固 n.货物 a.法国的,法语的 n.(总称)法国人,法语

*frequency frequent frequently fresh a. a. a. Friday friend make friends

n.频率,周率 a.频繁的 ad.时常,往往 a.新的,新鲜的 有生气的,健壮的 清新的,凉爽的 淡水的 n.星期五 n. 朋友,友人 交朋友,友好相处

be friends with 对…友好,与…交上朋友 friendly friendship frighten a.友谊的,友好的 n.友好,友谊 n.吓唬,使惊恐

frighten sb.into/out of doing 恐吓某人做/不做某事 frog from n.蛙 prep.[表示起点]从,自从 prep.[表示出处,来源]根据,按 prep[表示原因、动机]由于,出于

prep[表示去除、免除,阴止] front n./a.前部,前面 n.前线,战线,阵线 u.面向/前方 in front of 在…前面/前方

in the front of 在…的前部 *frontier *frost n.边界,边疆,国境 n.霜,降霜 n.严寒 *frown fruit n./v.皱眉头 n.水果,果实 n.成果,结果 fruitful *fry fuel fulfil full a.多实的,多产的,有收获的 v.油煎,油炸 n.燃料 v.完成,履行 a.满的,充满的 a./n.完全,充分 be full of to the fullest 盛/充、装满… 最充分地,最完全地

fully fun

ad.充足地,完全地 n.玩笑,乐趣 n.有趣的人(或事)

make fun of

取笑,嘲弄

have a lot lf fun 玩得热闹/开心 function *fund fundamental funeral funny n.机能,作用 n.资金,基金,专款 a.基础的,根本的重要的 n.葬礼,丧葬 a.滑稽的,可笑的,有趣的

a.稀奇的,古怪的 *fur *furniture further ad./a.进一步 *furthermore future n.前途,远景 ad.而且,此外 n./a.将来,未来 n.毛皮,裘皮,皮衣 n.家具 ad./a.更远,更往前

学位英语三级词汇表、短语表(G)

gain

v. 获得,赢得 v./n.增加,增进,获

利 gallon game n.比赛,运动会 n.猎物,野味 *gang *gap n.隔阂,差距 *garbage *garbage garden gardener gas n.车库,飞机库 n.垃圾 n.花园,菜园 n.园丁,花匠 n.气体,煤气 n.汽油 gasoline gate gather gay n.汽油 n.大门,城门 v.聚集,集合 a.快乐的 n.一帮,一群 n.间隙,缺口 n.加仑(液量单位) n.游戏,玩耍

*gaze general a.

v./n.盯,凝视 a.普通的,通用的 总的,大体的

n.将军,将官 in general generally generate generation n.代,世代 generator *generous genius gentle n.发电机,发生器 a.慷慨,大方 n.天才 a.和蔼,文雅地,有礼貌地 ad.轻轻地 *genuine geography *geometry German a.真正的,真诚的 n.地理,地理学 n.几何学 a.德国的,德国人的,德语的 n.德国人,德语 *gesture n.德意志,德国 ad.通常,一般来说 ad.大概,通常,一般 v.发生,产生 n.产生,发生

*gesture get

n.姿势,手势,姿态 v.获得,得到 v.使,使得 v. 变得,成为 v.到达,抵达

get in get off

收获 到达,进站 下车,从…下来 离开,动身。开始

get to get to know get together get up

到达 认识了 集会,聚会,收集 起床,起立

get along/on(with sb) 相处 有进展,有起色 get down to get on with get over get through 开始,着手 在…方面获得成功,在…方面取得进展与…相处 克服 (从病中)恢复过来 结束,完成

have got to do 不得不… giant n.巨人

a.大,巨大 gift n. 天赋,才能 girl give n.少女,女孩,姑娘 v.给,提供,授予 v.交给,托付 v.传授,进行,做 give away give in give up 泄露,暴露,出卖,奉送 投降,让步, 认输交上去,呈上 放弃,辞去 投降,屈服 give off give out give way to 散发出,放出,热、光、气、味等 分发 让位于,被…代替 给…让路,对…让 步 glad glance v.高兴,愉快 v.看一眼,看一看 n.一看,一弊 *glare n./v.怒视,瞪眼 n.赠品,礼物

v./n.闪耀,闪光 glass n.玻璃,玻璃杯 n.镜子 n.眼镜 *glitter n.光辉,灿烂 v.闪耀 globe glorious a. glory n.地球,地球仪,球体 a.壮丽的,辉煌的 光荣的 n.光荣,荣誉

return with glory 凯旋而归 be in one’s glory 得意之报,处于全盛时期 glove *glow *glue go n.手套 v.发热,发光,发光 n.胶,胶水 v.去,离去,走 v.开动,运行,进行 v.变成,成为

go crazy

疯了,疯狂

go crazy about 对…着迷 go hungry go on go out go over go after go ahead go back to go in for go into go off goal 挨饿 继续,持续发生 熄灭 浏览,细读一遍,检查.复习,重(读、看) 追逐,追求 前进,领先 回到,追溯到,回溯到 从事,致力于,追求,沉迷于 研究,计论,调查,查,加入,投入,从事 离去,走掉 n.终点,球门 n.目标,目的 goat god n.山羊 n.神 n.上帝 gold a. golden n.金,黄金,金币 金的,金制的 a.金色的

a.黄色的,金制的 good a.好,美好,善良 a.有效,有益 n.好处,利益 be good at be good to sb. 在…方面好,擅长 对…和善/好

be good for nothing 干什么都不行,是个废物 be good for goodbye goodness goodnight goods goose govern 对…有效/适用,胜任,有好处 再见 n 善良,仁慈,美德 n.再见,晚安 n.货物,商品 n.鹅 v.统治,管理

government n.政府,内阁 n.管理,支配 n.政治,政体 *governor *grace n.地方长官,总督,州长,省长 n.优美,文雅

*graceful

n.等级,级别,年级 n.分数 v.分等,分级

gradual gradually graduate

a.逐渐的,逐步的 ad.逐渐地 n.毕业生 v.毕业

a.毕业了的,研究生的 grain n.颗粒,细粒 gram grammar grand a. n.克 n.语法,语法书 a.重大,主要 宏大,盛大 n.谷物,谷类

a.伟大,崇高 grandfather grandmother grant v.给予,授予 take…for granted n.祖父,外祖父 n.祖母,外祖母 v.同意,准予

想当然,认为…理所当然 *grape *graph grasp n.葡萄 n.(曲线)图,图解 v.掌握,理解 v.抓紧,抓住 grass grateful *grave n.草,牧草 a.感激的,感谢的 n.坟,墓穴 a.严肃的,庄重的 *grave n.重力,引力 n.严肃,庄重 great a. a. greatly *greedy a.大的,伟大的 重大的,极大的,十足的 美妙的 ad.大大地,非常 a.贪吃的,嘴馋的

a.贪婪的,渴望的 Greek a. green n.希腊人,希腊语 希腊(人)的 a./n.绿色

a.生的,未成熟的 a.缺乏经验的,生疏的 greet greeting grey ,gray *grind *grocer *grocery ground v.致敬,致意,迎接 n.致敬,问候,祝贺 n./a.灰色 v.研,磨,碾 n.食品商,杂货商 n.[常用复数] 食品杂货,食品杂货店 n.地面,土地 n.场所,场地 n.根据,理由 group n.群,小组 v.分组,聚集 grow v.生长,发育 v.增长,发展 v.渐渐变得 v.种植,栽培 grown-up growth *guarantee a.成长的,成熟的 n.生长,增长,发展 n.保证书,保证

v.保证,担保 guard v./n.守卫,保卫,提防 n.哨兵,警卫员 be on one’s guard(against) 对…警戒着;提防 on guard keep guard 当班,警戒 放哨,守望

relieve guard 换班,接班 guess v./n.推测,猜测 v.以为,相信 guest guide n.客人,宾客,旅客 n.向导,导游者 v./n.引导,指导 n.入门书,手册 guilty a.有罪的,犯罪的

a.自觉有罪的,内疚的,心虚的 *gulf *gum gun n.海湾 n.树胶,口香糖 n.枪,炮

学位英语词汇、短语(H)
Habit n.习惯,习性,脾气

Habit of body 体质 habit of mind 有…习惯/脾气

fall/get into good /;bad habits 养成好/坏习惯 n.雹 hair haircut half in half hall n.毛发,头发,汗毛 n.理发,发型 n./a./ad.半,一半 成两半 n.门厅,大厅 n.会堂,礼堂,办公大楼 *hamburger hammer n.汉堡包,牛肉饼 n.锤 v.锤击,敲打 hand n.手,指针 v.交出,传递 n.人手,职工,船员

all hands by hand

全体船员,全体人员 迅速,即刻

by the hands of… 经…之手 from hand to mouth 仅够糊口,做一日吃一日,毫无积蓄 Hands off! 不要动手!不许干涉 一方面…,另一方

on (the)one hand…,on the other(hand) at hand hand down hand in hand in hand 在手边,在附近,即将到来 传下来,传给,下递 交上,递交 手拉着手 联合,连在一起 hand on hand out hand over on hand Hands up! handkerchief *handle 传下来,依次传递 分发,发给 交出,移交,让与 在手边,临近,现有的 举起手业! n.手帕 n.手柄,把手,拉手

v.触,摸,抚弄 v.处理,操纵,应付 handsome a.漂亮的,俊俏的

a.慷慨的,可观的 handwriting *handy hang v.吊死,绞死 hang up happen v.碰巧 happiness happy be happy with harbo(u)r n.幸福,幸运 a.幸福的,快乐确的,乐意的 对…喜欢/满意 n.港口,海港 n.避难所,藏身处 hard a.硬,坚硬 挂断(电话) v.发生 n.笔迹,手迹 a. 手边的,近便的 v.吊,悬挂

a.困难的,艰苦的 ad.努力地,猛烈地 *harden v.硬化,变硬

hardly hardness *hardship *hardware

ad.几乎不,简直不仅仅 n.硬,硬度,艰难,难度 n.艰苦,困苦 n.五金,金属制品 n.硬件

harm do sb.harm harmful harmless a.无恶意的 *harmony harvest

n./v.损害,伤害,危害 对某人有害,伤害某人 a.有害的,危害的 a.无害的

n.和谐,和睦,融洽 n./v.收获,收割 n.成果,后果

haste

n.匆忙,急速 v.赶快,赶忙

hat hate

n.帽子 v./n.恨,憎恨 v.不喜欢,不愿

*hatred have

n.憎恶,憎恨,怨恨 v.有,具有

v.体会,经受 v.从事,进行 v.使,让 v.吃,喝,吸(烟) have to do/have got to do 不得不,必须 have to do with 与…有关 have sht.done hay he head 请别人做某事 n.干草 pron.他 n.头,头脑 n.首脑,首长 v.率领,带头 head for keep one’s head lose one’s head headache 朝向 保持镇静 不知所措 n.头痛

have a headache n.大字标题 headmaster *headquarters n.校长 n.司令部,指挥部

*heal health healthy

v.治愈,愈合 n.健康,卫生 a.健康,健壮的

a.有益健康的,合乎卫生的 heap n.(一)堆,大量,许多 v.堆,堆积 hear v.听见,听说,得知 v.倾听,听取 hear from hear of heart 收到…来信(或信息等) 听说 n.心,心脏 n.中心,要点 n.内心,心肠 by hear heat 牢记,凭记忆 n.热,热烈,激烈 v.加热,发热 heaven n.天堂,天国 n.天,天空 heavy a. 重,沉重,繁重

a.大量的,猛烈的

*hedge height

n.脚跟随,鞋跟 n.高度,高

n.高处,高地,顶点 be 35 metres in height =be 35 metres high 是35米高 *helicopter hell n.直升飞机 n.地狱,阴间

n.苦境,极大痛苦 hello say hello to help int.喂 向…问好 v./n.帮助,援助

can not help doing 禁不住,忍不住… help oneself to 自取所需(食物等) ,自已拿…吃,喝… help out help sb.with helpful helpless hen 帮助克服困难,帮助某人从…出来 帮某人某事 a.有帮助的,有益的 a.无助的,无依靠的 n.母鸡,雌禽

hence

ad.今后 ad.因此

her

pron.她(宾格) pron 她的

*herd here

n.群,兽群,牛群 ad.这里。 ,到这里 ad.在这一点上,这时

here and there hero

到处,处处 n.英雄,勇士 n.男主角,男主人公

hers herself hesitate hey hide high

pron.她的(东西) pron.她自己,她亲自 v.犹豫,踌躇 interj.嘿,喂 v.隐藏,隐瞒,躲藏 a. 高,高度的,高级的.高尚的 ad.高

highly highway hill

ad.高度地,很,非常 n.公路,大路 n.小山,丘,陵

*hillside him hint hire his

n.(小山)山腰,山坡 pron.他自己,他亲自 v./n.暗示,示意 v./n.雇用,租借 pron.他的 pron.他的(东西)

*historical history

a.历史的,有关历史的 n.历史 n.来历,经历,履历

hit

v./n.打击,击中,碰撞 v.达到,完成

hobby hold

n.业余爱好,嗜好,兴趣 v.拿住,握住,持有,掌握 v.举行,召天(会议) v.合用,适用,有效 v.包含,容纳

take/catch/get hold of 抓住,掌握 hold up 举起,支承,承截 阴挡,使停止

hold back hold on

昂首,趾高气昂 握住不放 (电话)不要放下话筒

hold on to holder hole holiday hollow

紧紧抓住 n.持有者,容器 n.洞,窟窿 n.假日,假期,休假 a.空的,中空的

a.空洞的,空虚的 holy home a.神圣的,圣洁的 n.家,家乡,本国

n.家的,家乡的,本国的 ad.在家,回家 be home at home homework honest *honey hono(u)r 在家,在国内 无家的,无家可归的 n.作业 a.诚实的,老实的,正直的 n.蜜,蜂蜜 n.荣誉,光荣敬意 v.尊敬,给以荣誉

in hono(u)r of 向…表敬意,为庆祝…为纪念 *hono(u)rable a.光荣的,荣誉的 a. 可尊敬的, *hook n.希望,期望

hold out a hope of… 怀有…的希望 in(the)hope of 怀着…希望 hopeful hopeless *horizon *horn *horror a.有希望的,还有希望的 a 没有希望的,绝望的 n.地平线 n.角,触角;号,喇叭 n.恐怖

to one’s horror 使某人恐怖的 horse horsepower hospital host hostess hot a.辣的 n.马 n.马力 n.医院 n.主人,旅店老板 n.女主人;女伴,舞伴 a.热的

a.热烈的,激烈的 hotel hour n.钟点 n.课时,工作时间 half an hour house 半小时 n.房子,住宅 n.旅馆 n.小时

v.供宿,留宿,驻扎 keep house housewife how ad.多少,多么 how about however …如何?/…怎么样? conj 然而,可是,不过 ad.无论,不管 huge human *humble a.巨大的,庞大的 a.人的,人类的 a.低下,卑贱 a.恭顺的,谦卑 humo(u)r n.幽默,诙谐 管理家务,做家务 n.家庭主妇 ad.怎么,怎样

hundred *hunger

n./a.百 n.饥饿 n.渴望

hungry hunt

a.饥饿的 v./n.打猎,狩猎 v.寻找,搜索

hurry hurry up in a hurry hurt husband *hut hydrogen

v./n.赶忙,匆忙,慌忙 (使)赶快,迅速完成赶快 匆忙,立即 v.伤害,刺痛,伤…感情 n.丈夫 n.棚屋,小屋 n.氢

学位英语词汇、短语(I)

I
学位英语词汇、短语(I)

pron.我
ice

n.冰

n.冷饮 v.冰冻,冰镇 *ice—cream n.冰淇淋 idea n.想法,念头 n.概念,观念 n.意见,主意 have an idea of 知道,了解 have no idea 不知道,不懂 a man of ideas 有见解的人 main idea 中心思想 general idea 总体印象 general statement 总体概述

ideal a. a. n.理想 *identical a.相同的,同一的 identify v.等同,打成一片 v.认出,识别,验明 idiom n.习语 if conj.如果,假使 conj.是不是 *ignorant a. ignore v.不理,不顾,忽视 ill a. 有病的 无知的,愚昧的;不知道的 理想的,称心如意的 理想主义的,唯心论的

a.

坏的,恶意的

ad.坏,不利地 illness n.病,疾病 *illustrate v.举例说明,图解 image n.像,肖像,形象 n.影像,图像 imagination n.想象,空想,想象力 imagine v.想象,设想,料想 immediate a. a. *immense a.巨大,广大 *immense a. 移民,侨民 立即的,即时的 直接的,最接近的

imply v.意指,暗示 import v.输入,进口 n.进口商品,进口物资 importance n.重要,重要性 important a. a. impossible a. impress v.给┄深刻印象,引人注目 impression n.印象,感想 impressive a. improve v.改善,改进 给人印象深刻的,感人的 不可能的,做不到的 重要,重大 有地位的,显要的

v.好转,进步 improvement n.改进,改良,增进 n.改进措施 in prep.在┄里,在┄中 be in 在家 prep 在┄期间,在┄以后 prep 以┄方式 prep 在┄中,处于 prep 在┄之内,在┄方面 ad.向里,向内 inch n.英寸 incident n.小事件,政治事件,事变 *incline v.使心想,使倾向 v.使倾斜,使偏向

include v.包含,包括,计人 including prep.包括,饱含 income n.收入,所得,进款 increase n.增加,增长,增进 increasingly ad.逐渐增加 indeed ad.的确,确实 ad.多么,真的 independent a.独立的,自立的,自主的 *index n.索引 v.附以索引,编入索引 Indian n.印度人,印第安人

a. *indicate

印度(人)的,印第安人的

v.指示,表示,暗示 *indirect a.间接的,迂回的 *indispensable a. individual n.个人,个体 a.个别,单独的 industrial a.工业的,产业的 industry n.工业,产业 *inevitable a.必然的,不可避免的 inexpensive a.不贵的,价廉的 *inferior a.次的,低劣的 必不可少的,必需的

infinite a.无限的,无穷的 influence v./n.影响,感化 inform v.通知,告诉,报告 v.告发,告密 information n.信息,资料,情报 *inhabit v.居住;栖息 inhabitant n.居民,住户 *initial a. injury n.伤害,损害 ink n.墨水 inn 最初的,开头的

n.旅店,客栈 inner a.内部的,里面的,内心的 *innocent a.无罪的,清白的 a.无害的 a.天真的,单纯的 input n.输入 inquire,enquire v.询问,探听,问讯 inquiry n.询问,打听,调查 insect n.昆虫 *insert v.插入,嵌入 inside n.内部,里面,内侧 a.内部的,里面的,内幕的

ad.在内部,在里面 prep 在┄里,在┄内 insist v.坚持,坚决主张,强烈要求 insist on doing 坚持┄ *inspect v.检查,调查,视察 inspire v.使产生灵感 v.鼓舞,感动 *install v.装置,安装 instance n.例,例证,实例 for instance 举例说,比如 instant a.立刻,立即 a.紧急,迫切

n.瞬间,时刻 instead ad.代替,顶替 instead of 代替,顶替 instead of 代替,不 institute n.学会,研究所,学院 v.设立,设置,制定 institution n.社会或教育事业机构,惯例,风俗 *instruct v.教授,教;指示,说明 n.指导,教导 follow one’s instruction 听从┄教导/指导 instrument n.工具,仪器,乐器 insult

v./n.侮辱,凌辱 insurance n.保险,保险费 insure v.保险,替┄保险 v.保证 intelligence n.智力,理解力 intelligent a.聪明的,理智的 intend v.想要,打算,企图 *intense a..加强的,深入细致的 intention n.意图,意向,目的 by intention 故意地 have intention of┄ 有意┄

with good intentions 好心好意地 *intentional a.故意的,有意识的 *interaction n.相互作用,相互影响 interest n.兴趣,关心,注意 v.使发生兴趣 n.利息,利益 a place of interest 名胜 be interested in 对┄感兴趣 interesting a. 有趣的,引人入胜的

interference v.干涉,干扰,妨碍 *intermediate a.中间,居间的

internal a.内,内部的 a.国内的,内政的 international a.国际的,世界的 *interpret v.口译,翻译 interrupt v.打断,打扰 v.断绝,中断 *interruption n.打断,干扰,中断 interval n.间隔,间歇(工间) 休息 interview n.接见,会见,面试 *intimate a.亲密的,密切的 into

prep.到┄里,进入 prep.成为 introduce v.介绍 v.引进,传入 introduction n.介绍,引进,传入 n.引论,导言,绪论 n.入门,初步 invent v.发明,创造 v.捏造,虚构 invention n.发明,创造 inventor n.发明者,发明家,创造者 invest v.投资 investigate v.调查,调查研究

investigation n.调查,调查研究 investment n.投资,投资额 *invisible a. invitation n.请柬 n.邀请,招待 invite v.邀请,招待 involve v.卷入,陷入,连累 v.包含,含有 *inward a. iron n.铁 n.烙铁,熨斗 v.熨平,烫(衣) 里面的,内在的,向内的 看不见的,无形的

*irregular a. island n.岛 v.隔离,孤立 *issue n.发行,发行物 v.发行,发布 n.问题,论点,争端 it pron.它 Italian a. 意大利的 不规则的,不整齐的,不合法的

n.意大利人,意大利语 Italy n.意大利 item n.条,项目,条款 n.一则(新闻) its

pron.它的 itself pron.它自己,它本身 by itself 独自,单独 in itself 本身

学士学位英语课程词汇表、短语表(J)

J
jacket jam n.短上衣,茄克衫

n.果酱 traffic jam 交通拥挤,交通阻塞 January n.一月 Japan n.日本 Japanese

a.

日本的

a.日本人,日语 jar n.罐,坛 jaw n.颌,颚 *jazz n.爵士乐 *jealous a.妒忌的 jet n.喷气发动机,喷气式飞机 飞机 v. 喷出,喷射 *jewel n.宝石 n.宝石饰物 *Jewish a. job 犹太人的

n.工作,职业 n.一件工作,活儿 join v.接合,结合,连结 v.参加,加入,陪伴 join in=take part in 参加(会议,活动等) *joint n.关节,骨节 n.接合处,接缝 a.联合的,共同的,连接的 joke n.笑话,玩笑 v.说笑话,开玩笑 journal n. 日报,期刊 n.日志,日记 *journalist n.记者,新闻工作者 journey

n. 旅行,旅程 joy n.欢乐,喜悦 n.乐事,乐趣 to one’s joy 使某人高兴的是 judge n.审判员,法官 n.评判员,裁判 v.评价,鉴定 v.审判,裁判,裁决 judg n.审判,判决 n.判断力,识别力 n.意见,看法,判断 *juice n.汁,液 July n.七月 jurmp

v.跳跃,跳动 n.猛增 June n.六月 *junior 年少的,年幼的,后进的,下级的,初级的 just ad.正好,恰好 ad.刚刚,刚才 a. 公正,公平

ad.只是,仅仅是,只不过 just now 刚才 justice n.公道,公平 n.审判,司法 *justify v.认为有理,证明正当

学士学位英语课程词汇表、短语表(K)

K

*keen a. a. a. 锋利的,强烈的 敏捷的,敏锐的 热心的,渴望的

be keen on/about, for 喜欢,渴望,热衷于 be keen to do┄ 渴望,热衷做

v.保留,保存 v.保持,继续 v.防守,保卫 v.抑制,防止 v.扣留,留住 v.赡养,饲养 keep back 防止┄,使┄不┄

keep┄from doing 防止┄,使┄不┄

keep doing┄ 一直做

keep house 当家,管理家务

keep the house (某人)暂留家中;看屋

keep┄in mind (使)避开 keep to the left/right 靠左/右行驶(走)]

keep in touch with┄ 与┄保持联系

keep time 遵守时间

keep sb. Waiting 使某人等候

keep on 继续,保持

keep up with 跟上,不落后

keep up

继续,坚持,保持,维持 *kerosene n.煤油 *kettle n.水壶 key n.钥匙 n.答案,解答 n.键,琴键 a. keyboard n.键盘 kick n.踢 kid n.小孩,儿童 kill v.杀死,消灭 v.破坏,毁灭 v.消磨(时间) 主要的,关键的

kill off 杀光,使死光 kilogram(me),kilo n.公斤,千克 kilometer n.公里,千米 kind n.类 a. 仁慈的,和善的,亲切的

all kinds of┄ 各种各样的 pay in kind 以货代钱(即付给货物代替付钱) ┄of a kind 同类的┄;品质极低的┄

kindness n.仁慈,好意 n.友好,行为

king n.国王 kingdom n.王国 n.领域 kiss v./n.接吻 kitchen n.厨房 *kite n.风筝 knee n.膝,膝盖 *kneel v.跑,下跑 knife n.刀,餐刀 v.用刀切,用匕首刺 *knit v.编织;结合,粘合

knock n./v.敲,敲打,碰撞 knock into (偶然)遇到; (车等)碰撞 knock┄ off 把┄碰/敲掉;从┄碰/敲 下来

knock down 撞倒,击倒 know v.知道,了解,懂得 v.认识,熟悉 v.识别,认出 be known to 为┄所知 be known as ┄ 叫做┄ knowledge n.知识,学识 n.知道,了解

学士学位英语课程词汇表、短语表(M)
M Machine n.机器,机械 machinery n.(总称)机械,机器 mad n.发疯的,神经错乱 a.狂热的,着迷的 *madam(e) n.女士,夫人,太太 magazine n.杂志,期刊 magic n.戏法,魔术,魔法 a.魔术的,有魔力的 *magnificent a.壮丽,宏伟,豪华 *maid n.侍女,女仆 mail n.邮件,邮政 v.邮寄 main

a.主要的,总的 mainly ad.主要地,大体上 maintain v.保养,维修 v.维持,保持,继续 v.支持,坚持,主张 major a.较大的,主要的 v.主修 n.主科, (某)专业学生 major n.成年人(年满21岁者) ; n.少校 majority n.多数,过半数 make v.做,制造,建造 v.使,迫使 v.(使)成为, (使)变成 v.获得,挣(钱) v.总计,等于 be made fron 由┄(原料)制成 be made of┄

由┄(材料)制成 be made in 由┄(产地)制造 make for 走向,驶向 make out 开列,书写,看出,辩认出 理解,了解 make up 拼凑,组成,构成 编造(故事、谎言等) 弥补,赔偿,和解 male n.男性,雄性的动、植物 a.男性的,雄性的 man n.男人 n.人,人类 manage v.管理,经营,处理 v.设法,对付 management n.管理,经营 *manager n.经理,管理人

mankind n.人类 manner n.方式,方法 n.态度,举止 n.礼貌,规矩 *manual a.用手的,手工的,体力的 n.手册,指南 manufacture v.制造,加工 n.制造,产品 manufacturer n.制造者,制造商,制造厂 many a.许多的 n.许多 a good many/a great many 大量的,许多 map n.图,地图 march v./n.行进,行军 n.进行曲 March

n.三月 margin n.页边空白,边缘 marine a.海的,海生的,船舶的,航海的 mark n.记号,标记,痕迹 n.分数 v.记分,打分 v.作标记,标记 be marked by 特点是,以┄为特点 market n.集市,市场 marriage n.结婚,婚姻 n.结婚仪式 married a.已婚的,夫妇的 be married 已婚的 get married 结婚 marry v.结婚,嫁,娶

*marvelous 惊人的,奇迹般的,了不起的 mass n.团,块,堆 n.群众,民众 n.众多,大量 master n.主人,雇主 n.能手,名手,大师 v.掌握,精通 n.硕士 match n.火柴 match n.比赛,竞赛 n.对手,敌手 v.匹配,相配 *mate n.伙伴,配偶 material n.材料,原料,资料 a.物质的,实物的,具体的 mathematics n.数字 matter

n.物质,物体 n.事情,情况,事态 n.毛病,麻烦事 v.要紧,有关系 a matter of (关于┄)的问题;大约 as a matter of fact 事实上 no matter 无论,不管 What’s the matter with┄? ┄怎么啦 I don’t know what is the matter with my DVD. 我不知道我的 DVD 出了什么毛病。 *mature a.成熟的,考虑周到的 *maximum n.最大量,最高值 最大的,最高的 May n.五月 may v.可能,或许 v.可以,不妨

v.祝愿 maybe ad.或许,大概 *mayor n.市长 me pron.我(宾格) meal n.一餐,一顿饭,膳食 mean v.意指,意味着 v.意欲,打算 mean a.低劣,平庸 a.卑鄙,吝啬 meaning n.意思,意义,含义 means n.方法,手段,工具 by means of 用,凭借 by this means 用这种方法 meantime

n.其时,其间 ad.同时,当时 meanwhile n.其时,其间 ad.同时,当时 measure n.量度,测量 n.措施,办法 v.量,测量 take measure to do 采取措施┄ by measure 安尺寸 for good measure 附加地,另外地 made to measure 定做的(衣等) take one’s measure 安身材,量身材;辩断某人的性格 measurement n.测量,度量 meat n.肉,食用肉类 *mechanic n.技工,机械工人

mechanics n.力学,机械学 *medal n.奖章,勋章,纪念章 medical a.医学的,医疗的,医药的 medicine n.内服药,医药 n.医学,医术 medicine n.内服药,医药 n.医学,医术 *medium a.中等的,适中的 n.中间,适中 n.媒介,媒介物,传导体 meet v.遇见,碰上 v.会见,迎接 v.会合,相会,开会 v.满足,符合 meet one’s needs 满足某人的需要 sports meet 运动会

meeting n.会议,集会 melt v.熔化,融化,溶解 member n.成员,会员 memory n.记忆力,记忆,回忆 in memory of 以纪念┄,为纪念┄ mend v.修补,修理,缝补 *mental a.思想的,精神的 a.智力的,脑力的 mention v./n.提及,说起,讲述 menu n.菜单 merchant n.商人,零售商 *mercury n.水银,汞 mercy n.仁慈,怜悯,宽恕

at the mercy of 听命于,被操纵于,任凭 without merey 毫不留情地,残忍地 *mere a.纯粹的,仅仅的 merely ad.仅仅,只不过 *merit n.价值,优点,功绩 merry a.欢乐的,兴高采烈的 *mess n.混乱,混杂,脏乱 message n.通讯,消息,音信 take a message for 给某人捎个信, (电话)转达 method n.方法,办法 metre,meter n.公尺,米 microphone n.麦克风,扩音器 *microscope

n.显微镜 *midday n.正午 middle n.中间,当中 中间的,中部的 *midnight n.午夜,子夜 mild a.温暖的,暖和的 a.温和的,温柔的 mile n.英里 military a.军队的,军事的,军用的 milk n.乳,牛奶 v.挤奶 *mill n.磨房,磨粉机 n.制造厂,工厂 *millimetre,millimeter n.毫米 million n./a.百万

mind n.头脑,精神 n.理智,智能 n.想法,意见,心情 v.留心,当心,注意 v.介意,在乎 be of one mind 意见一致 make up one’s mind 决定,下决心 never mind 不要紧,没关系 keep in mind 记住 mine pron.我的(东西) mine n.矿,矿山,矿井 v.采掘,开矿 mineral n.矿物,矿石 n.矿物的,矿石的 minimum n.最小量,最低限度 a.最小的,最低的

minister n.部长,大臣 *minor a.较小的,较少的,较次要的 *minority n.少数;少数民族 minus a.减的,负的 prep.减去 n.减号,负号 minute n.分,分钟 n.一会儿,片刻 minute a.微细的,微小的,详细的 *miracle n.奇迹,令人惊奇的事 mirror n.镜子 miserable a.悲剧的,痛苦的 *mislead v.把┄带错路,使┄误入歧途,欺骗 miss n.小姐

n. ┄小姐 miss v.未击中,没达到 v.未看到,未听到,没赶上 v.遗漏,省去 v.惦念 missile n.导弹,发射物 guided missiles a.失去的,失踪的 *mission n.使节,代表团 mistake n.错误,过失,误会 v.误解,弄错,错认 make a mistake 犯错误 mister n.先生 n. ┄先生 mistress n.主妇,女主人 misunderstand v.误解,误会,曲解 mix

v.混和,掺和 v.混淆,搞混 mix up 混合,混合物 *mode n.方式,样式 model n.样式 n.模型,原型,模特儿 n.模范,典型 *moderate a.中等的,适度的 a.温和的,稳健 modern 现代的,近代的,新式的 modernization n.现代化 modest a.端庄的,朴素的 谦虚的,谦逊的 modify v.政变;修改;修饰 *moist 湿润的,潮湿的 *moisture

n.潮湿,湿气,温度 *molecule n.分子 moment n.片刻,瞬间,时刻 at the moment 现在,此刻 at that moment 就在那个时候,就在此时 for a moment 片刻,一会儿 for the moment 现在,暂时 in a moment 立即,马上,一会儿功夫 the moment 一┄就 Monday n.星期一 money n.货币,金钱 monitor n.班长;监视器 v.监视;监控 monkey

n.猴子 month n.月,月份 monthly a./ad.每月,按月 n.月刊 monument n.纪念碑,纪念馆 *mood n.心境,情绪 n.语气 moon n.月亮,月球,卫星 moral a.道德的,道义的,有道德的 more 更多的,较多的 n.更多的人(东西) ad.更,更多 more and more 越来越 more or less 或多或少,多少有点 no more (数量和程度上)没有更多,不再

no more than 不过,仅仅;和┄一样不 not┄any more (过去曾)现在不再 moreover ad.再者,加之,而且 morning n.早晨,上午 *mosquito n.蚊子 most a.最多,最大 ad.最,非常,极 n.大多数,大部分 at most /at the most 最多,至多 make the most of 充分利用 mostly ad.主要地,多半,基本上 mother n.母亲,妈妈 motion n.运动 motion picture

电影 motive n.动机,目的 发动的,运动的 motor n.发动机,电动机,马达 *mount v.登上,爬上,骑上 mountain n.山 *mouse n.鼠,耗子 mouth n.嘴,口 move v.移动,搬动,迁移 v.感动 movement n.运动,活动,移动 *movie n.电影,电影院 much n./a.许多,大量 ad.非常 ad.更,┄得多

mud n.泥,泥浆 multiple 多样的 *multiply v.乘 v.增加,繁殖 *murder v./n.谋杀,凶杀 *muscle n.肌肉,体力 museum n.博物馆,展览馆 music n.音乐,乐曲 musical 音乐的,悦耳的 喜欢音乐的,有音乐才能的 musician n.音乐家,乐师 must v.必须,应当 v.很可能,谅必 my pron.我的

myself pron.我自己 *mysterious 神秘的,可疑的,难理解的 mystery n.神秘,神秘的事

学士学位英语课程词汇表、短语表(N)
N *nail n.钉 n.指甲,爪 n.钉,钉住 naked a. name n.名字,名称,名义 v.命名,取名 name┄after 以┄名字为┄取名 v.说出,指出 裸体的,毫无遮掩的

*namely ad.即,也就是 *nap n.小睡,打盹 narrow a. nation n.国家,民族 national a. 国家的,国立的,民族的 狭的,狭窄的,狭隘的

*nationality n.国籍,民族 native n.土著,当地人 a. 本国的,本地的,土生的

natural a. 自然界的,天然的

a.天赋的,固有的 nature n.自然,自然界

n.性质,本性,天性 by nature 天性,本性上,本质上,天生地 in the course of nature 根据事物的常规 *naval a. navy n.海军 near ad./a.近,接近 prep.在┄近旁,靠近 nearby a./ad.附近 prep.在┄附近 nearly ad.差不多,几乎 neat a. 整洁的,简洁的 海军的,军舰的

a.优美的,精致的

necessary a. 必须的,必要的,必然的

necessity n.必要性,必然性 n.必需品 neck n.颈,脖子 need n.必要,需要 n.需要,必须 n.贫困,困窘 in need of 需要 needle n.针,指针,针状物 negative a. 否定的,消极的,反面的

*neglect v./n.疏忽,忽视,忽略 Negro

n.黑人 a.黑人的 neighbor n.邻居 neighborhood 邻近,四邻,街道 neither a./pron.两者都不, (两者)没有一个 neither┄nor 既不┄也不 *nephew n.侄子,外甥 *nerve n.神经 n.勇气,胆量 nervous a. a. nest n.网,网状物 神经的 神经过敏的,紧张不安的

net a. 净,纯净的

network n.网状物,广播网,网络 *neutral a. never ad.从不,永不,决不 nevertheless conj.然而,不过 ad.仍然,不过 new a. a. newly ad.新近,最近,重新 news n.新闻,消息 newspaper n.报纸 新的,新近的 不熟悉的,没经验的 中立的,中性的

next ad.其次,然后 a.紧接的,其次的,贴近的 nice a. *niece n.侄女,外甥女 night n.夜,夜间 at night 在晚上 be on nights 上夜班 in the night 在半夜,在夜间 nine n./a.九 nineteen n./a.十九 nineteenth 好的,美的,令人愉快的

a. ninety

第十九

n./a.九十 ninth a. 第九

n.九分之一 *nitrogen n. 氮 no a. 没有,并非,不许

ad.不,不是 noble a. nobody pron.没有人,谁也不 n.无足轻重的人,小人物 nod v./n.点头,点头招呼 v./n.打盹,瞌睡 noise 高尚的,贵族的

n.噪声,吵嚷声,杂音 make a noise 吵闹,发出响动 *noisy a. none pron.谁也不,哪个都不,一点也不 *nonsense n.胡说,废话,无意义的事 noon n.正午,中午 at noon 在中午 nor conj.也不,又不 nomal a. morth a./n.北,北方 ad.在北方,向北方 正常的,标准的,正规的 吵闹的

northeast a./n.东北,东北北部 ad.向东北,在东北 northern a. 北的,北方的

northwest a./n.西北,西北部 ad.向西北,在西北 nose n.鼻子 n.突出部分 not ad.不 not only┄but also 不仅┄而且 note n.笔记,记录,便条 n.注解,注释,评论 v.注意 n.钞票,纸币

a note fron sb. 某人写的条子 make notes of 草稿,记笔记 take a note/notes of 记笔记 take note of 注意到┄ notebook n.笔记本 nothing n.没有东西,什么也没有 n.无,零,小事 notice n.注意;通知;通告 v.注意到 noun n.名词 novel n.长篇小说

November n.十一月 now ad.现在,目前,如今 ad.当时,于是,接着 every now and then 有时,时而,偶尔 just now 刚才,一会儿以前 now that conj.既然 nowadays ad.现今,现在 nowhere ad.哪儿也不,什么地方都没有 nuclear a. 核的,核心的,原子核的

*nucleus n.核;核心 *nuisance

n.麻烦事,讨厌的人(或事) number n.数,数字,号码,数目 v.编号,加号码 a number of 大量,许多 the number of ┄的总数 *numerous a. nurse n.护士,保姆,保育员 v.护理,养育,喂奶 *nursery n.托儿所,保育室 nut n.坚果 *nylon n.尼龙 众多的,大批的,无数的

学士学位英语课程词汇表、短语表(P)

*philosophy n.哲学 phone n.电话 v.打电话

photograph,photo n.照片 take a photo (of) 拍照(…) phrase n.短语,词组,习语 physical a.物质的,有形的 a. a. *physician physics *physicist piano pick pick out 选出,挑出 pick up 肉体的,身体的 自然科学的,物理的 n.内科医生 n.物理学 n.物理学家 n.钢琴 v.拾,采,摘 v.挑选

拣起,拾起(车,船等)中途搭(人) ,中途带(货)获得,学会,登门修理(电器等 ) picnic n.效游,野餐

v.(去)野餐 picture *pie n.画,图片 n.照片 n.馅饼 n.电影

pie in the sky 异想天开,空想 piece n.(一)件, (一)片, (一)篇 n.碎块,片断 pig n.猪 v.拼合,修补

*pigeon n.鸽 pile n.堆 v.堆,迭,堆积

*pillow n.枕头 pilot n.驾驶员,飞行员

n.领港员,引水员 pin n.销,栓 *pine pink n.松树 n./a.粉红 n.大头针 n.别针,徽章

*pint

n.品脱

pioneer n.先驱者,开拓者,先锋 pipe pity n.管子,导管 v./n.怜悯,惋惜 n.烟斗

n.可惜的事,憾事 place v.放,置 n.地方,地点,位置 n.职位,职责

n.住所,寓所 v.安排,任命 take place 发生,进行 take the place of 代替 in place of 代替 in the first place 起初,首先 plain plain plan n.平原 a.平易,易懂 a.简单,朴素 v./n.计划,打算 n.平面图

plane plan planet plant

n.飞机 n.平面 n.行星 n.植物 n.工厂 v.种植,栽培

*plantation n.种植园 plastic plate v.镀,电镀 platform play n.台,讲台 v.玩,游玩 n.站台,月台 v.演奏,表演 n.游戏,娱乐 n.剧,剧本 n.塑料 n.盘子,盆子 n.板,钢板

n.活动,作用 play a part(in) (在…中)起作用 play with 以…为消遣,玩,同…一起玩 play it big 大张起鼓 player n.选手,队员 n.演奏者,演员

playground pleasant

n.运动场,游戏场 a.令人愉快的,舒适的

please

int.请

v.使愉快,使满意 v.喜欢,愿意 pleasure plentiful plenty n.愉快,欢乐 n.乐事,乐趣

a.丰富的,富裕的 n.丰富,富裕

plenty of(单和复数名词) 充足的,相当多的 live in plenty 过富裕生活 plot n.一块地 n.情节 plough,plow n.犁 *plug plural plus pocket poem poet poetry n.计策,阴谋 n.策划 v.犁,耕

n.跳入,(使)投入,(使)陷入 n./a.复数,复数的 prep.加 n.衣袋 n.诗 n.诗人 n.诗,诗歌 n.加号,正号 a.正的 a.袖珍的

point

v.指 n.尖端,头 n.点,小数点

n.论点,观点,要点 point at 指着,指点 point to 指向 come to the point 说到要点,扼要地说 point out 指出,指明 poison n.毒物,毒药 *poisonous a.有毒的 pole police n.柱,杆 n.地极,磁极 v.放毒,毒害

警察,警察局

policeman n.警察 policy polish polite a. politician n.政客,政治家 n.政策,方针 v.擦亮;抛光 n.擦光剂,上光蜡 a.有礼貌的,客气的 斯文的,有教养的

pollute pollution pond pool poor

v.污染,沾污 n.污染 n.池塘 n.水潭,池子,水塘 a.穷 a.可怜的

a.低劣的,不好的 popular a.广受欢迎的,有名的

a.通俗的,流行的,大众的 population *pork port *porter *portion position *positive a.正面的,积极的 a. v.拥有,占有 possession possibility n.所有物 n.拥有,占有 n.可能性 正的,阳性的 n.人口 n.猪肉 n.港口 n.搬运工人 n.一部分,一份 n.位置 n.职位,职务 a.确定的,肯定的

possible a. possibly post post post postage postcard postman postpone pot potato potential pound pour pour into… 涌进 poverty powder power

a.可能的,做得到的 合理的 ad.可能地,也许,或者 n.(支)柱 v.贴出,宣布,公告 n.邮政 v.邮寄,投寄

n.哨所,岗位,职位 n.邮费,邮资 n.名信片 n.邮递员 v.推迟,延期 n.壶,罐,盆 n.马铃薯 a.潜在的,可能的 n.磅 n.英磅

v.灌,倒,注 v.倾泻,流出

n.贫穷,贫困 n.粉末,药粉 n.力,能力,精力

n.权力,势力,政权 n.大国,强国 come into power (开始)掌权,上台执政 in power 当权诉,在朝的 powerful practical practically practice n.业务,开业 in practice 在实践中,实际上 practice,practice v.练习,实习 v.开业,从事 praise n.祈褥,祈求 v.称赞,赞美 *precious v.祈褥,祈求 v.请求,恳求 v.实践,实行 a.强大的,有力的,有权的 a. 实际的,实用的 ad.几乎,实际上 n.实践,实施 n.练习,实习

*precious a.珍贵的,贵重的 precise a.精确的,准确的

precision n.精确,精密度 predict v.预言,预测 *preface n.序言,前言 prefer v.更喜欢,宁愿 prefer+n./doing to.n./doing 喜欢…甚于…/不喜欢 prefer to do rather than+v. 喜欢…不喜欢… *prejudice n.偏见,成见;损害,侵害 *preliminary a.预备的,初步的 *premier n.首相,总理 preparation n.准备,预备 n.制剂,制备品 prepare v.准备,预备 v.制作,制备 be prepared for (思想上,精神上)对… 做好准备 prepared against fire 防火

preposition n.介词 *presence n.出席,在场 n.在,存在 in the presence of… 在…面前 present a.出席的,在场的 a.目的的,现在的 n.目前,现在 be present at… 出席(会议等) at present 目前,现在 for the present 目前,暂时 present present n.礼物,礼品 v.赠送,给予 v.提出,呈递,出示 preserve v.保护,保存 v.保藏,腌渍 v.维持,保持 president n.主席,总统,校长,会长 press v.压,挤,按 n.报刊,出版界 n.压机,压榨机,印刷机

pressure n.压力,紧张 n.压强 pretend v.假装,假托 pretty a.漂亮,俊俏 ad.相当地 prevent v.预防,防止 previous a.先,前,以前的 a.在…之前 preview v./n.预习,预展,预览,预演 price n.价格,价钱 n.代价 v.标价 pride n.骄傲,自豪,自满 n.自尊心 take pride in 以…而自豪/行意

primary a.首要的,主要的,基本的 a.最初的,初级的 prime a.主要的,首位的,最好的

primitive a.原始的;早期的 *prince n.王子,亲王

*princess n.公主,王妃 principal a.主要的,首要的 n.负责人,校长 principle n.原理,原则 n.主义,信念 print v.印刷,出版 n.印刷品,字体 v.洗印 *prior ad.在…之前(to) prison n.监狱 prisoner n.囚徒 private a.私人的,私有的,私立的, 个体的(工商业等) a.秘密的,私下的 *privilege n.优惠、特许,特权 v.给予优惠,给予特权 prize n.奖,奖金,奖品 v.珍视,珍惜 probable a.有希望的,可能的 a.也许,大概

probably ad.或许,大概,很可能 problem n.问题,难题 *procedure n.程序,手续 *proceed v.继续进行 process n.过程,历程 v.加工,处理 procession n.队伍,行列 produce v.生产,制造,产生 v.显示,出示 v.上演,演出 n.产品 product n.产品,产物 production n.生产,产量 n.产品,作品 profession n.职业,自由职业 take up a profession 担任职务,有职业 professional a.职业的,专门的 n.专业人员 professor n.教授 profit n.收益,利润,益处

v.得利,获益 program n.计划,规划,大纲 n.节目,节目单 progress v.前进,进步,进展 make progress in/with 在…方面取得进步

progressive a.进步的,先进的 project n.计划,方案,工程,项目 v.设计,规划 v.投射,放映 promise v.答应,允诺 n.承诺,诺言 v.有…可能,有希望 make a promise 许下诺言,答应,作出承诺

break one’s promise 背诺言,说了不算 *promising a.有希望的,有前途的 *promote v.提升,晋升 v.促进,增进,助长 pronoun n.代词 pronounce v.发音 v.宣告,宣布

pronunciation n.发音,发音法 proof n.证明,证据 proper a.适当,恰当 a.特有的,固有的 properly ad.适当地,完全地 property n.财产,所有物 n.性质,特性 proportion n.部分,份儿 n.比例,比重 in proportion 相称的 inproportion to 与…成正比 out of proportion 不相称,不均衡, 不成适当比例 *proportional a.比例的,成比例的, 相称的,均衡的 proposal n.提议,建议 n.求婚 propose v.提议, v.求婚 *prospect n.展望,前景

*prosperous a.繁荣的,兴旺的 protect v.保护,保卫 *protein n.蛋白质 *protest n.抗议,反对 proud a.骄傲的,自豪的 a.引以自豪的 be proud of 以…自豪,骄傲,为荣

prove v.证明,证实 v.检验,鉴定 v.结果是,表明是 provide v.提供,供给 v.规定 provide sb.with sth. 向某人提供某物 provide sth.for sb./to sb. 提供某物给某人 province n.省 *provision n.给养,口粮 n.准备,预备 public a.公共的,公用的 a.公开的,公然的 n.公众,大众

in public 公开地,在公共场所,当众 the public 公众,民众 publication n.出版,出版物 publish v.发表,公布 v.出版 pull v./n.拉,拖,牵 pull down 拆毁,拉倒 pull in (火车)停下,进站, (船)靠岸

pull off 脱掉(衣帽) pull on pull up 穿上,戴上,继续拉 (使)停下

pulse n.脉博,脉冲 *pump n.泵 v.打气,泵送 *punctual a.准时的,正点的 be punctual 守时 punish v.处罚,惩罚 punishment n.处罚,惩罚 pupil n.学生,小学生 n.瞳孔

purchase v.购买 pure a.纯的,纯洁的 a.十足的,完全的,理论的 purely ad.纯粹地,十足地 purify v.净化,提纯 purity n.纯净;纯洁 *purple n./a.紫色(的) purpose n.目的,意图 v.企图,打算 for the purpose of 为了

on purpose 故意,有意 purse n.钱包 *pursue v.追逐,追击 v.从事,进行 *pursuit n.追赶,追求 n.职业,工作 push v./n.推,推进,促进 push on 推进,努力前进

put v.放,置 put aside 储存,保留

put away 把…收起来,放好 put down 记下,写下,放下 扑灭,镇压,平定 put one’s heart into 全神贯注于 put into 输入,放入,把…译成 put off 推迟,拖延

put on 穿上,戴上 上演 增加(体重) put forward 提出 put out 熄灭,消灭,关(灯)生产; 出版,发布 put up 举起,升起,提(价) 建造,搭起,支起 张贴,挂建 put up with 容忍,忍受 puzzle n.难题,谜,迷惑 v.使迷惑

学士学位英语课程词汇表、短语表(Q)

Q qualify v.取得资格,使合格 quality n.质,质量 n.品质,特性 *quantity n.量,数量 n.大量 quarrel v./n.争吵,吵架 quarrel about 为…争吵

quarter n.四分之一,一刻钟

n.地区,区域 n.住处 queen n.女王,皇后,王后 question n.问,问题,议题 v.问,审问 out of the question 不可能的,办不到的 *queue

n.行列,长队;发辫 v.排长队 queue up 站排等候 quick a. a. a. quiet a./n.安静,平静,安定 v.使安静,平定 quite ad.完全,十分 ad.相当,颇 quite a few 相当多 quiz n.小型考试,测验回答比赛 快,迅速 敏捷,伶俐 性急,敏锐

学士学位英语课程词汇表、短语表(R)

R *rabit n.兔子 race n.种族,人种,种类 race v./n.比赛,赛跑 radar n.雷达 *radiate v.散发,发光,辐射 on the radio 通过无线电广播 n.无线电,收音机,无线电通讯 v.用无线电通讯 *radioactive a. *radium n.镭 *radius 放射性的,放射引起的

n.半径 rag n.破布,碎布 in rags 穿着破衣服 rail n.栏杆,围栏 n.铁路 railroad n.铁路 rain n.雨 v.下雨 rainy a. raise v.举起,提高,提升 v.抚养,饲养 v.建立,树立 v.提出 下雨的,多雨的

range n.范围,距离,领域 n.排列,连续, (山)脉 rank n.排,行列 n.等级,地位 v.评价,分等,归类 rapid a. rare a. a. rarely ad.很少,难得,非常地 rat n.鼠 rate n.速率,比率 n.等级 at any rate 稀有的,难得的,珍奇的 稀薄的,稀疏的 快,急速

无论如何,至少 rather ad.有些,相当 ad.宁可,宁愿 would rather 宁可,宁愿 *ratio n.比率,比 raw a. 生的,未煮熟的 a.未加工过的 ray n.线,光线,射线 reach v.伸手,够到,触到 v.到,到达 n.能达到的范围 react v.反应,起作用 reaction

n.反应,反作用(力) read v.朗读,阅读 v.辨认,观察 reader n.读者 n.课本,读本 *readily ad.容易地,乐意地 reading n.阅读,读书 n.读物,选读 ready a. a. 准备好的,现成的 乐意的,情愿的

be/get ready to do 准备… get…ready for 把…准备好 real

a. a. reality

真,真实 实际的,现实的

n.现实,实际 realize v.认识到,体会到 v.实现 really ad.确实,实在 ad.真正地,果然 *rear n.后部,尾部 a. reason n.理由,原因 n.理性,理智 v.推论,推理 reasonable a. *recall 合理的,讲理的,公道的 后方的,背后的

v.回想,想起 v.撤销,收回 *receipt n.收据,收条 v.开…收据 *receive v.收到,接到 v.接待,接见 v.受到,蒙受 receiver n.话筒,受话器 recent a. recently ad.最近,新近 *reception n.接见,接待,招待会 recile v.背育,朗育 recognize 最近的,近来的

v.认出,识别,承认 *recommend v.劝告,建议 v.介绍,推荐 recommend sb.sth 向某人推荐… recommend sb.for party membership 介绍某人入党 record v./n.记录,记载 n.唱片 n.记录 n.经历,履历 recorder n.记录者,录音机 recover v.收回,挽回 v.恢复,痊愈 *recovery n.复元,痊愈

n.收回,复得 red a. 红色的

n.红色,红颜料 reduce v.缩小,减小,减低 v.使成为,简化,还原 *reduction n.减少,缩小 refer v.参考,查阅,查询 v.提到,引用,指 v.提交,上呈 refer…to 把…提交给,把…归功于 提到,参考,指…而言 reference n.参考,查阅 *refine v.精炼,精制,提纯

*reflect v.反射,反响 v.反映,表现 n.考虑 *reflection n.映象,倒影 reform v./n.改革,改造,改良 *refrigerator,fridge n.冰箱,冷冻机,冷藏库 refuse v.拒绝,推辞 regard v.考虑,认为,看作 n.敬重,敬意,问候 regard…as 把…视为/当作 As regards… 关于…,至到 in one’s regard

在…心目中 v.注视,注重,留电 regarding prep.关于 regardless a. region n.地区,区域,范围 *register n./v.登记,注册,挂号 n.登记本,注册簿 v.记录,示度 regret v./n.遗憾,懊悔,抱歉 regular a. a. a. 定时的,定期的 规则的,规矩的 正规的,正式的 a.匀称的,整齐的 regulation 不管

n.规则,规章;调节,校准 *reject v.拒绝,谢绝,驳回 *rejoice v.欣喜,高兴 relate v.叙述,讲述 v.联系,关联 relate to 与…有关,涉及… relation n.亲属,亲戚 a.相对的,比较的,有关系的,相关的 relatively speaking 相对地说 relax v.松弛,放松 release v.释放,放出 *reliable

a. *relief

可靠的

n.缓解,消除 n.救济,援救 with relief 宽慰地,如释重负地 relieve v.减轻,解除 *religion n.宗教,信仰 rely v.依靠,依赖,依仗 remain v.剩下,余留 v.留待,尚须 v.仍然是,依旧是 *remains n.剩余,残余,遗迹 n.遗体 remark

n.评语,意见 v.评论,谈论 v.注意,觉察 remarkable a. a. *remedy n.药品 n.治疗措施,补救办法 v.治疗,补救 remember v.记起,记得 v.转达问候 remind v.提醒,使想起 remind sb of 使某人想起 remind sb to do… 提醒某人做… 叫…做… 值得注意的 显著的,异常的

remote a. a. remove v.排除,消除,去掉 v.搬迁,移动,运走 remove v.使得,使变为 v.提出,提供,呈报 v.投降 *renew v.更新,恢复 v.重新开始,继续 rent n.租金 v.租,租赁 repair v./n.修理,修复 v.补救,纠正 repeat 遥远的,偏僻的 疏远的,关系远的

v.重复,重说,重做 v.背,背诵 repetition n.重复,反复 replace v.放回 v.替换,取代 reply n./v.答复,回答 v.回答,以…作答 report v./n.报告,汇报,报道 n.传说,传闻 reporter n.记者,报道者,通讯员 represent v.表示,阐明,说明 v.描写,表现,象征 v.代理,代表 representative

n.代理,代理人 *reproach v./m.责备,指责 republic n.共和国,共和政体 request n,./v.请求,要求 require v.需要, v.要求 requirement n.需要的东西;要求 rescue v./n.营救,救援 research v./n.研究,调查 *resemble v.相似,像 *reserve v.保留,储备,预定

n.储备品,储备金,储备 reservoir n.水库,蓄水池 *residence n.住处,住宅 *resident n.居民 a. resist v.抵抗,反抗 n.抵抗力,阻力,电阻 resistant a. *resolution n.决心,坚决 n.决定,决义 resolve v./n.决心,决意 v.解决,解答 v.议决,决议 有抵抗力的 居住的

resource n.资源 respect v./n.尊敬,尊重 n.敬意,问候 pay one’s/show respect for 对…表示尊重/敬 in some respects 在某些方面 with respect to… 关于,顾虑到… *respectful a. respective a. respond v.回答,答复 v.响应,起反应 response n.回答,响应;反应 各自的,各个的 尊敬的,敬重的

responsibility n.责任,职责 responsible a. 应负责的,有责任的

responsible for 对…应负责任,对…有责任的 rest n./v.休息,静止 v.放,靠 rest n.其余的人(或物) restaurant n.饭店 restore v.归还,放回 v.修复,恢复 restrict v.限制,约束 with lighting restricted 因为限制用电

result n.结果,成果,成绩 v.产生于,来自 v.结果导致(in) as a result of… 因为… as a result 由于,因此,结果 *retain v.保持,保留 retire v.退下,离开 v.退休,引退 *retreat v.撤退,退却 return v./n.归,回,归还 v. 回答,反驳 Many happy returns of the day! 祝您长寿!祝您们白头偕老!

in return 作为回报,作为报答 reveal v.揭示,揭露,展现 *revenge v./n.复仇,报复 reverse v./n.颠倒,反转 review v./n.复习,回顾 v./n.评论 revise v.修订,修正 v.复习 revolution n.革命 revolutionary a. n.革命者 revolve 革命的,革新的

v.旋转,使旋转 reward n.酬谢,报酬,奖金 v.酬谢,报答,奖酬 *rib n.肋骨,肋状物 ribbon n.带,缎带,丝带 rice n.稻,米,米饭 rich a. rid v.使摆脱,使去掉(of) get rid of 摆脱,除去,免除 rid oneself of 摆脱,去掉 ride v./n.骑,乘 富的,富饶的,丰富的

rifle n.步枪 right a./ad.正确,恰当 a./n.向右,往右 ad.向右,往右 n.权利 ad.完全,正好 ad.直接,马上 right away 立刻,马上 turn(to the) right 在右边 ring v.敲钟,打铃,打电话 n.铃声,钟声, (打)电话 ripe a. rise v./n.上升,上涨,增长 成熟的

v.起床,起立 n.起源,发生 risk n.风险 at all risks/at any risk 无论冒什么危险,无论如何 run/take a risk of 冒…的危险 v.冒风险 river n.江,河流 road n.路,道路,途径 on the road 在旅途中 roar v./n.吼,咆哮,轰鸣 *roast v.烤,炙,烘 rob

v.抢劫,盗取 rob sb.of sht 抢某人的…东西 rock v.摇 n.岩,岩石 rocket n.火箭 v.用火箭运载,用火箭轰击 *rod n.杆,棍,棒 role n.角色,任务,作用 role model 楷模,榜样 play a …role in… 在…中起…作用 roll v.滚动,转动 v.卷,绕

roll up 卷起… n.卷,卷状物,面包卷 n.名单,名册 roller n.石滚,压路机 Roman a. roof n.屋顶 room n.房间,室 n.余地,空间 make room for 给…腾出地方 root n.根 n.根源,来源 rope n.绳,索 罗马的,罗马数字的

rose n.玫瑰,蔷薇 *rotate v.旋转 *rough a. a. a. round a. prep.围绕 ad.在周围 v.使成圆形 all round 周围,处处,遍及四方 route n.路线,航线 routine n.例行公事,常规 row 圆的 粗糙的 粗野的,粗鲁的 未经加工

n.(一)排, (一)行 row v.划(船等) ,荡桨 royal a. rub v.擦,磨擦 rub off 擦掉,磨掉 rub against… 依偎在…蹭 rubber n.橡皮,橡胶 n.橡胶制品,胶鞋 a. rubbish n.废物,垃圾 n.废话 *rude a. 粗鲁的,不礼貌的 橡胶的 王室的,皇家的

a. rug

粗糙的,粗陋的

n.小地毯 n.围毯 ruin v.毁坏,破坏 n.毁灭,崩溃 n.废墟,遗址 rule v./n.统治,支配,管理 n.规则,规章,规律 n.惯例,常规 obey/keep the rule 遵守规章 break the rule 违反规章 as a rule 一般来说,通常 make it a rule 按惯例

ruler n.统治者,支配者 n.尺子,直尺 rumor n.传闻,谣言 run v.奔,跑,逃跑 v. 流,淌 v.蔓延,伸展 v.经营,管理 v.运转,开动 run about 到处乱跑 run across 跑过,不期而遇 run away 逃跑 run down 撞倒,撞沉 run into

(偶然)遇到,撞见; (使)碰撞 run out of 用光,耗尽 run over 济览,匆匆复习 (车辆)辗过,撞倒 rural a. rush v./n.冲,奔,急速流动 Russian a. 俄罗斯的 农村的

n.俄语,俄罗斯人 rust v.生锈 n.锈

学士学位英语课程词汇表、短语表(S)

S
*sack n.袋,麻袋 give sb.the sack 开除/解雇某人

get the sack

被解雇

v.把…装入袋内 *sacrifice n.牺牲,牺牲品 n.祭品,供物 v.献祭,牺牲 sad [E]a.忧愁的,悲哀的

be sad for… 为…而悲伤 *saddle safe n.鞍子,马鞍 [E]a.安全的,牢靠的 n.保险箱 be safe from 安全,没受到…危险 safety sail [E]n.安全 [E]n.帆,航行

set sail for… 往…扬帆开船 [E]v.航行,开航 sail for… sailor sake 开往,往…航行 n.水手,海员 n.缘故,理由

for the sake of 看在…的份上,为了…缘故 *salad salary sale n.色拉,凉拌菜 n.薪金,薪俸 n.出卖,出售 n.贱卖,大减价 n.销数,销售额 on sale 上市,出售;减价,贱卖

salesman salt v.盐渍,腌 same

n.售货员,推销员 n.盐,盐类

a.相同的,一样的 pron.同样的人,同样的事情

all the same *sample

[E]仍然,照样地 n.样品,标本 v.抽样,取样

sand sandwich satellite satisfaction satisfactory satisfy be satisfied with 对…感到满意 Saturday *sancer *sausage save

[E]n.沙;[pl.]沙滩 n.三明治,夹肉面包 n.卫星;人造卫星 n.满足,满意 a.令人满意的 [E]v.满足,使满意

[E]n.星期六 n.茶托,碟子 n.香肠,腊肠 [E]v.救,拯救 [E]v.储蓄,贮存[E]v.节省,节约

savint

n.储蓄 n. [pl.]储蓄金,存款

saw say

v.锯,锯开 [E]v.说,讲

[E]n.发言,发言权 v.比方说,大约 scale a.标度,刻度 n.天平,天平盘 n.标尺,比例尺 scarce a.缺乏的,不足的 scarcely ad.几乎不,勉强 a.稀少的,罕见的

had scarcely+pp.when+从句一…就… scare [E]n.惊慌,惊恐 *scatter v.驱散,散开 v.撒布,撒播 scene [E]n.景色;景象 n.(戏)一场 n.布景 scenery *schedule on schedule *scheme scholar scholarship school at school n.风景;景色 n.时间表,进度表 按预定时间 n.计划,方案 n.学者 n.奖学金 [E]n.学校,学院 在校,在求学 [E]v.惊吓,受惊

go to school

去上学

come to school 来上学 primary/senior/junior school 小学、高中、初中 science scientific scientist *scissors *scold *scope score [E]n.科学 a.科学的 [E]n.科学家 n.剪子 v.训斥,责骂 n.(活动)范围;机会,余地,眼界 [E]n.得分,分数 v.记分,得分 n.二十 scores of+可数名词 许多,大量 *scout *scratch n.侦查员,侦察机 v.搔,抓,扒 n.搔,抓,抓痕 scream screen [E]v./n.尖叫,嚎叫 v.遮蔽,包庇,庇护 n.屏风,幕,屏幕 *screw n.螺钉,螺丝 v.拧,拧紧 sea [E]n.海,海洋

seal

n.封口,封蜡,封条 n.印戳 v.封,密封

seal seaman seaport search in search of

n.海豹 n.水手,海员,水兵 n.海港,港口 [E]v./n.搜查,寻找,探查

(为)寻找,追求 search…for season seat take one’s seat 就座 n.底座 n.所在地 v.使…就座,能座…人,位于…,坐落在… be seated=seat oneself 就座,坐下 second [E]a./ad.第二 [E]n.秒 secondary secret a.第二的,中级的 [E]a.秘密的,机密的 [E]n.秘密,奥秘 搜…找…

[E]n.季,季节,时节 [E]n.席位,座位

in secret secretary

秘密地,私下地 n.书记 n.秘书

section secure

n.章节,部分,地区 a.安全的,可靠的 v.得到,获得 v.防护,保卫

security see

n.安全 [E]v.看见 [E]v.理解,明白 v.会见,见面 v.获悉,知道

see sb.off see through see to seed

给…送行,送别 看穿,识破 负责,照料,注意,留心 [E]n.种子 [E]v.播种

seek

[E]v.寻找,探求 [E]v.试图,企图

seem seize

[E]v.好像,仿佛 [E]v.抓住,捉住

seize sb.by the…=seize one’s 抓住某人的…(部位) v.夺取,占领 seldom [E]ad.很少,不常

select

v.选择,挑选

a. 精选的,选择出来的 selection self n.选择,挑选 [E]n.自我,自己,本身

self-taught exam 自学考试 selfish sell sell out seller a.自私的,利已的 [E]v.卖,出售 售完 n.售卖者,畅销的东西

*semiconductor n.半导体 *senate send n.参议院 [E]v.送,寄 [E]v.派遣,打发 send for send in sent up senior [E]派人请,召唤,索取 呈报,提交,送来 把…往上送,发射 a.年长的,资格老的,地位高的

sense

[E]v.感觉到,意识到 [E]n.感官,官能 n.辨别力,感觉 n.意义,意思

in a sense make sense

从某种意义上说 讲得通,言之有理

sensitive sentence

a.有感觉的,敏感的 [E]n.句子 [E]n./v 判决,宣判

make sentence with sentence sb.to death

用…造句

判处某人死刑 separate [E]a.分离的,分开的

separate…from 把…和…分开 be separated from 和…相分离 separate…into 把…分成 separation September n.分离,分手,分居 [E]n.九月

*sequence=order n.次序,顺序 in sequence series serious 依次,逐一 n.一系列,一连串,序列 [E]a.严肃的,庄重的 [E]a.严重的,危急的 [E]a.认真的 servant [E]n.仆人

serve

[E]v.服务,尽责 [E]v.侍候,招待 v.适用,适合

service

[E]n.服务,帮助,服侍 n.公共设施,公用事业 v.维修,保养

set

[E]v.放,安置 [E]v.(太阳)落山 n.一套,一副

a. 固定的,规定的 a set of set out set up 一套 [E]动身,出发,开始 [E]建立,设立,坚起,使自立,扶持

set about(doing) 着手,开始… set about set back set off setting settle 开始,着手 推迟,延缓,阻碍 [E]动身,出发 n.环境;背景 [E]v.安定,安顿 [E]v.停息,定居 v.解决,调停 v.结算,支付 settle down settlement seven seventeen seventh 定居,过安定的生活 n.调停,解决 [E]n.七 [E]n.十七 [E]a.第七 [E]n.七分之一

seventy several severe

[E]n.七十 a.若干 a.严厉的,严格的

a. 严重的,凛冽的 sew sex *shade n.遮光物,罩 v.遮蔽,遮光 shadow n.暗处,阴暗 shake [E]v.摇,摇动 v.震动,颤抖 shall [E]v.必须,应该 shallow n.浅滩,浅处 shame shape [E]v.形成,成形 be in great shape 完整无损、毫无损伤 in one’s best shape 处于最佳状态,风华正茂 share [E]v.均分,分配 [E]n.羞愧,耻辱 [E]n.形状,外形 a.浅的,肤浅的 [E]v.将,将要 [E]n.影子,阴影 [E]v.缝,缝纫 n.性别,性 n.荫,荫影

v.分享,分担 share joy and sorrow 同甘共苦 [E]n.一份(儿) ,份额,股份

sharp

[E]a.尖锐的,锋利的 [E]a.急转的,突然的

a.尖声的,刺耳的 a.敏锐的,灵敏的 a.线条分明的,鲜明的 sharpen shave n.刮脸 she sheep sheet [E]pron.她 [E]n.羊,绵羊 [E]n.被单 [E]n.(一)张, (一)片 n.大片 shelf shell shelter n.架子 n.壳,贝壳 n.躲避处,掩蔽部 v.掩蔽,庇护 v.削尖,磨快 v.剃,刮,削

shield

n.盾,屏障 v.防护,保护

shift *shilling shine

v./n.转移,移动,转变 n.先令 [E]v.发光,照耀 [E]v.使发光,擦亮 n.光泽,光

ship

[E]n.船,舰 [E]航运,装运,运送

shirt *shiver shock

[E]n.衬衫 v./n.战栗,发抖 n.冲击,震动,震惊 n.电击,触电 v.使震动,使震惊

shoe

[E]n.鞋

put oneself in another’s shoe 设身处地 shoot [E]v.发射,射 [E]n.枝条,嫩枝,苗 v.疾驰而过 v.发芽,长高 shoot at… shop 向…射击/投去 [E]n.商店,店铺 [E]v.购物

n.工场,车间 shopkeeper shopping shore n.店主人 n.购物 [E]a.海滨,湖滨

on the shore 在海滨 short [E]a.缺乏,不足 n. [pl]短裤 in short shortage 简言之,总之 n.短缺,缺乏

shortcoming n.短处,缺点 shortly shot ad.立即,马上 n.射击,射门,投篮 n.弹丸,炮弹 should [E]v.万一,竟然 v.应当,应该 v.就,该 v.可能,该 shoulder [E]n.肩,肩膀

shoulder to shoulder 肩并肩地 shout [E]v.呼喊,呼叫 [E]n.呼喊,叫声 shout at 对…大场喊,冲…嚷

show

[E]v.展示,显示

[E]v.指示,指出 v.说明,证明 n.展出,陈列 be on show 展览

show in[E]/out 领入/领出 show off show up 炫耀,卖弄 使显现,使醒目

show sb.around 领某人参观 shower [E]n.陈雨,暴雨 n.(一)陈(一)大批 shrink n.起皱,收缩 v.退缩,畏缩 shut shut down shut up shut off [E]v.关,关闭 停工,关闭 把…关/锁起来,闭嘴 切断;停止供应

shut one’s mind to… 死不答应 shy a.害羞的,腼腆的

a. 易受惊的,胆怯的 sick [E]a.有病的,患病的

a.恶心的,想吐的 be sick of sickness side 厌烦 n.病 [E]n.旁边,侧面

[E]n.一边,一侧,一方 side by side 肩并肩,一个挨一个 on the side of 支持… sigh sight v./n.叹气,叹息 [E]n.视力,视觉 [E]n.望见,瞥见 in sight 被见到,在望,在视野内 catch sight of out of sight sightseeing sing 发现,突然看见 看不见,在视野外 n.观光,游览 [E]n.符号,标记,招牌 [E]v.签(名) ,答署 n.征兆,迹象 signal n.信号,暗号 v.发信号,打信号 signature significant silence n.签名,签字 a.重大的 n.寂静,沉默 v.使寂静,使沉默 silent silk silly silver similar [E]a.寂静的,沉默的 [E]n.丝,绸 a.愚蠢的 [E]n.银,银器,银币 a.类似的,相似的

be similar to 与…相似

similarity simply

n.相似,相似之处 ad.简单地,单纯地 ad.完全,简直 ad.仅仅,只不过

since

[E]prep.自从,从…以来 conj.因为,既然 ad.后来,从那以后

sincere sing

a.诚恳的,真诚的 [E]v.唱,唱歌,鸣叫

single

[E]a.单人的,单身的 [E]a.单一的,单个的 [E]n.一个,单个,单个表演

singular sink

a.非凡的,卓越的;单数的 [E]v.下落,下沉 n.洗涤糟,水池子

sir sister sit sit up at up!

[E]n.先生 [E]n.姐妹 [E]v.坐,使就坐 迟睡,熬夜 坐直!坐好!

sit on a fence 持观望态度 site situation n.场所,地点 [E]n.形势,局面

six sixteen sixth

[E]n.六 [E]n.十六 a.第六 n.六分之一

sixty size

[E]n.六十 [E]n.大小,尺寸 [E]n.号码,尺码

skate

n.冰鞋 v.溜冰,滑水

*sketch

n.素描,速写,略图 v.速写,写生

*ski

n.雪橇 v.滑雪

skill

[E]n.技巧,熟练 n.技能,手艺

skilled skil(1)ful skin

a.有技能的,熟练的 a.灵巧的,熟练的 [E]n.皮,皮肤 v.剥皮

skirt

[E]n.裙子 n.边缘,郊区

sky shave sleep

[E]n.天,天空 [E]n.奴隶,苦工 [E]v/n 睡眠

sleep like a log 睡得很死;熟睡 sleepy sleeve slide *slight a.困的,欲睡的,想睡的 n.袖子 n.滑,滑动 v.滑,滑倒 v.溜走 n.疏忽,笔误,口误 *slope [E]n.坡,斜坡 [E]n.倾斜,斜度 [E]v.倾斜 slow [E]a.慢,缓慢,迟钝 v.放慢,减速 slow down small smart 放慢速度 [E]a.小,少 a.聪明,伶俐

a. 漂亮,时髦,潇洒的 smell [E]n.嗅觉 [E]v.嗅,闻 smile [E]v.微笑 [E]n.气味

with a smile/with smiles 微笑地,满面春风地 *smog smoke n.烟雾 [E]n.烟,烟尘

[E]v.吸烟,抽烟 v.冒烟,冒汽 smooth a.平稳,顺利 v.使平滑,使流畅,弄平 smooth away smooth out snake snow 克服(困难) ,消除(障碍) 消除(障碍,分歧等) [E]n.蛇 [E]n.雪 [E]v.下雪 snowstorm so n.暴风雪,大雪 [E]conj.因此,那么 [E]ad.那么,如此 [E]ad.非常,很 [E]ad.这样,那样 so as to do so…as to so far so that so…that or so *soak *sob soap 为了,以便 [E]如此…以至于,如此…以便 [E]迄今为止 [E]以便,为的是,结果,以致 如此…以至于 大约,左右 v.浸泡,浸湿,湿透 v.哭泣,呜咽 [E]n.肥皂 [E]a.光滑,平滑

so-called social

a.所谓的 a.社会的 a.社交的,交际的

socialism socialist a. 社会主义的 society n.协会,会

n.社会主义 n.社会主义者,社会党人

[E]n.社会

n.社会界,上流社会 sock *soda soft n.短袜 n.苏打,汽水 [E]a.柔软的,温柔的,柔和的

a. 细嫩的,光滑的 soft tea/beer 淡茶,淡啤酒 soil solar soldier solid [E]n.土壤,土地 a.太阳的,日光的 [E]n.士兵,军人 [E]n./a.固体 [E]a.实心的,结实的 a.稳固的,可靠的 solution n.溶解,溶液 solve some v.解答,解决 [E]pron/a.一些,有些 n.解答,解决办法

ad.大约 somebody somehow [E]pron.某人,有人 [E]ad.不知怎么地 ad.以某种方法 someone something sometime sometimes somewhat somewhere son song soon [E]pron.有人,某人 [E]n.某物,某事 ad.曾经,在某时候 ad.间或,不时 ad.一点儿,几分 [E]ad.某地 [E]n.儿子 [E]n.歌声 [E]ad.不久 [E]ad.早,快

as soon as

[E]一…就

no sooner…than 一…就 sooner or later n.痛处,疮口 *sorrow sorry sort n.悲伤,悲哀 [E]a.难过,悔恨,对不起 [E]n.种类,类别 v.分类,整理 a sort of 一种… 迟早,早晚*sore a.疼痛的,痛心的

all sorts of… soul

各种各样的 [E]n.灵魂,心灵 [E]n.精神,精力

heart and soul 全心全意 sould [E]n.声音,音响 [E]v.发声,响 [E]v.听起来 sould a.健康的,健全的

a.彻底的,充分的 a.正当的,有根据的 safe and sound 安然无恙

a sound man 头脑清晰,判断可靠的人,脑袋够用的人 a sound friend 诚实可靠的朋友 soup *sour source n.汤 a.酸的,酸腐的 n.源,源泉 n.来源,根源 south [E]a./n.东南,东南部 ad.在东南,向南方 southeast a./n.东南,东南部 ad.向东南,在东南 southern southwest [E]a.南方的,南的 a./n 西南,西南部 ad.向西南,在西南 Soviet n./a.苏维埃

*sow space

v.播种 [E]n.太空,宇宙 [E]n.空间,距离 [E]v.留间隔,隔开

in space

在空间

spacecraft n.宇宙飞船 spade *span Spanish n.铁锹,跨距 n.跨度,跨距 a.西班牙的 n.西班牙语 spare [E]a.多余的,备用的 [E]v.让给,抽出(时间) spark n.火花,火星 v.发火花,发电花 speak [E]v.说话,讲 v.发言,演说 speak out 大点声说,大胆地说出 speak of 说到,提到

speak about 谈论,议论 speaker special n.发言人;说话人 [E]a.专门的,特殊的 [E]a.附加的,额外的 specialist n.专家 specialize v.专攻,专门研究 specific a.具体的,明确的

a. 特有的,特定的 specific detail 具体说明 *specimen speech n.言语,语言 speed n.快,迅速 v.急行,飞驰 speed up spell spelling spend 使加速 [E]v.拼写 n.拼法,拼写 [E]v.花费,消耗 [E]n.速度,速率 n.样本,标本 [E]n.讲话,演说

[E]v.度过,消磨 spend…on 在…上花(时间,金钱等)

spend…doing 花(时间,金钱等) *sphere n.球,球体 n.范围,领域 *spider *spill spin n.蜘蛛 v.溢出,流出 [E]v./n.旋转,自转 v.纺,纺纱 v.结网,吐丝 spirit [E]n.精神,心灵 [E]n.气魄,勇气

n.洒精,烈酒 *spit v.吐(唾沫等) ,吐痰 n.唾液 in spite of 尽管,不顾,虽然 splendid a.辉煌的,壮丽的 a.极好的 *split v.劈刀,裂开

n.裂缝,裂口 spoil v.宠坏,溺爱 *spoon sport n.匙,汤匙 n.运动 v.搞糟,损坏

have sports 进行体育活动 sportsman n.运动员

spot

n.地点,场所

[E]n.点,斑点,污点 v.认出,认清 v.玷污,弄脏 v.用点做记号 on the spot 当场,在现场 *spray v.喷射,喷溅 spread [E]v.伸展,展开 n.喷雾,飞沫

[E]v.散布,传播, 蔓延 springtime n.春季,春天 n.弹簧,弹性,发条 n.泉,源泉 springtime *spy n.春季;早期 n.间谍 v.当间谍,刺探 spy out square 侦察 [E]n.广场 [E]n.正方(形) *squeeze stable a.压榨,挤 a.稳定的,安定的 n.牲口棚;畜舍;马厩 *stadium staff [E]n.体育场 n.杆,棒 n.参谋,参谋部 n.工作人员,全体职员 stage n.阶段,时期 n.舞台,戏剧 (go)on the stage 当演员 *stain n.污点,瑕疵 v.着点,染色 stair *stale [E]n.楼梯 a.陈旧的,陈腐的

stamp

[E]n.邮票 [E]n.戳子,图章 [E]v.跺脚,践踏

stand

[E]v.站立 [E]v.坐落,位于 v.经受,忍受 n.台,座,忍受

stand up stand by stand for stand out

[E]站起,竖起 站在旁边,袖手旁观,站在一边,支持,帮助 代替,代表,意味着 突出,显眼

stand at attention 立正(站着) standard star [E]n.标准,规格 [E]n.星,恒星 [E]n.明星,名人 stare stare at start v.盯,凝视 注视,盯着看 [E]v.开始,着手 [E]v./n 动身,出发 v.吃惊,惊起 v.开动,开办 with a start 惊起,吃惊 starve state v.饿死,饿得慌 [E]n.国家,州

[E]n.情况,状态 v.声明, 陈述 general statement statement 总体概述

n.声明,陈述

*static(al) a.静态的,静力的 *statesman station n.政治家,国务活动家 [E]n.车站 [E]n.站,局,所 n.身份,地位 *statistical a.统计的,统计学的 stay steadily [E]v.停留,逗留,作客 ad.坚决地;不动摇

地,惊起,吃惊 steady [E]a.稳定的,不变的 [E]a.稳固的,平衡的 v.使稳固 steal steam [E]v.偷,窃取 [E]n.汽,蒸汽 v.蒸 steamer steel *steep *steer *stem n.汽船,轮船 [E]n.钢 a.陡峭,峻峭 v.驾驶,掌舵 n.茎,干

step

[E]n.脚步,脚步声 [E]n.台阶,梯级 v.举步,走 n.步骤,措施

in step

同步,合拍

step by step 逐步地,一步一步地 step up stick stick 提高,加快,加紧 n.棍,棒,手仗 [E]v.刺,戳,扎 [E]v.粘贴 stick out stick to sticky *stiff 伸出,突出 坚持,忠于,信守 a.粘的 a.硬的,僵直的

a. 生硬的,死板的 still [E]ad.还,仍旧

[E]ad.静,静止 ad.还要,更 *stimulate v.鼓励,鼓舞 *stir v.动,移动 v.刺激,使兴奋

v.搅拌,搅动 v.刺激,轰动 stock n.股票,公债 n.备料,库存,现货

*stocking stomach stone *stool *stoop stop

n.(女士)长袜 [E]n.胃 [E]n.石,石料 n.凳子 n.弯腰,俯身 [E]n.停车站

[E]v./n.停止,中止 v.阻止,堵塞 n.逗留,歇宿 stop doing stop to do storage store 停止做某事 停下来去做某事 n.贮藏,储备 [E]v./n.贮藏,贮存

[E]n.商店,店铺 n.贮存品,备用品 storey,story n.楼层 storm story n.传说,事迹 stove straight n.炉子,火炉 [E]a.直的,平直的 [E]n.暴风雨 [E]n.故事,小说

ad.直接,一直 a./ad.正直,直率 a. 整齐的,有条理的 straight away 马上,立刻

keep straight

品行端正

come straight to the point 开门见,说话不转弯抹角 *strain v.拉紧,伸张 strange [E]a.奇怪的,奇异的 v./n.紧张,过劳

[E]a.陌生的,生疏的 stranger [E]n.陌生人,生客

n.外地人,外国人 straw stream [E]v.流,流出 street strength [E]n.街道,马路 [E]n.力,力量 [E]n.稻草,麦杆 [E]n.小河,溪流

strengthen v.加强,巩固 stress n.压力,紧迫

v.强调,着重 stretch strict v./n.拉长,延,伸 a.严格的

a. 严谨的,精确的 be strict with sb.in 对某人在…方面要求严格 strike [E]v./n.罢工 v.敲响,报点 be on strike 在罢工

go on strike 举行罢工 *string [E]n.一串,一行,一列 [E]n.弦,线绳 *strip v.剥,剥去 n.条,带 *stripe *stroke n.条子,条纹 [E]n.击,敲 n.钟声 *stroke strong strong tea v./n.抚摸 [E]a.强大的,强大的,强烈的 浓茶

strong drink 含有高度洒精的饮料 structure n.建筑物 struggle [E]v./n.斗争,奋斗,努力 n.结构,构造

struggle against 和…斗争,反对… student study *stuff [E]n.学生,学者 [E]v.学生,研究 n.材料,原料,东西 v.填满,塞满 stupid style a.愚蠢,迟钝 n.风格,文体 n.时式,时髦 subject n.主题,题目

n.学科,科目 n.主语 a. 易遭…的,受…支配的 be subject to 受限于…,服从,以…为条件 submarine *submit v.呈送,提交 *subsequent substance substitute v.代,代替 *subtract suburb succeed v.减,减去 n.地下铁道 [E]v.成功 [E]v.继承,接替 success [E]n.成功,成就 a.随后的,后来的 n.物质 n.代用品,代替者 n.潜水艇 v.屈服,服从

successful a.成功的 *successive a.接连的,连续的 such [E]a.这样的,这种的 pron.这样的人,这样的事物 such as such…that sudden [E]像…那样的,诸如,例如 那样的…以致 [E]a.突然的,意想不到的

all of a sudden [E]突然,冷不防 suffer [E]v.受苦,受难,受罪 v.经历,遭受,忍受 sufficient a.充分的,足够的 sugar suggest [E]n.糖 [E]v.建议,提出 v.使想起,暗示 suggestion n.建议,意见 suit [E]n.西服 [E]v.适合,合适 be suited to/for 适合于 suit with 与…相称 suitable a.合适的

be suitable for 适合于… *sulphur,sulfur n.硫 sum n.总数,总和 n.金额 sum up 总结,概括

summarize v.概括,总结 summary summer sum n.摘要,概要 [E]n.夏天,夏季 [E]n.太阳,阳光

Sunday sunlight sunrise sunset sunshine super superior

[E]n.星期日 n. 日光,阳光 n.日出 n.日落 n.日光,日照 a.极好的,超级的 n./a.上级

a. 更好的,较好的 a. 优秀,优越 be superior to… 比…优越 supermarket n.超级市场 supper supply n.晚饭 [E]v.补充,补足

supply sb. With sth. supply sth. for sb. 给…供应… support [E]v./n.支持,支援,拥护 v.供养,赡养 n.支柱 suppose [E]v.猜想,料想 [E]v.假定,以为 be supposed to do 应该,被期望,允许 *supreme sure a.最高的 [E]a.确信的,有把握的

[E]a.一定的,必然的 a. 稳当的,可靠的 make sure 查明,弄确实,确信,一定要

be sure to do 一定要…,要做到 for sure 必然地

be sure of oneself 有自信心 make sure that+从句 一定要… surface [E]n.面,表面 n.外表,外观 *surgeon surprise n.外科医生 [E]n.诧异,惊奇 [E]v.使诧异,使惊奇 to one’s surprise 出乎意料地,使人吃惊的是 in surprise 惊奇地,惊骇地 surprising *surrender a.使人惊奇的,惊人的 v.投降 v.交出,放弃 surround [E]v.围绕,包围

surroundings n.周围事物,环境 *survey v.俯瞰,审察,概览 n.测量,勘查

*survive

v.比…长命 v.幸免于,幸存

*suspect

n.嫌疑犯 v.疑心,怀疑

*swallow *swallow *sway *swear

n.吞下,咽下 n. 燕子,食道,咽喉 v.摇晃,摇动 v.宣誓,发誓 v.诅咒,骂人

sweat

n.汗 v.出汗

sweep

[E]v.扫,打扫 [E]v.冲走,席卷 v.掠过,扫过

sweet

[E]a.甜的,香的 [E]n.甜食,糖果

a. 可爱的,温柔的 *swift swim v.眩晕 v.浸泡 *swing [E]v.摇摆,摇荡 a./ad.快的,迅速 [E]v./n.游泳

[E]v.回转,转向

[E]n.秋千 *Swiss n.瑞士人 *switch n.电闸,开关 a.瑞士的

v.转变,转向 v.接通(on) ,关断(off) sword sympathy symbol [E]n.剑,刀 n.同情,赞同,同感 n.象征,符号,标志

*synthetic a.合成的,人造的 system n.制度,体制 systematic a.有组织的;有系统的;有条不紊 n.系统,体系

学士学位英语课程词汇表、短语表(T)

T
table n.桌子,餐桌,台 n.表格,目录 tail n.尾巴,发辫 n.尾部,后部 tailor

v.缝制 n.裁缝 take v.拿,取,握 v.拿走,带去 v.需要,花费 v.接受,获得 v.认为,当作 v.做(一次动作) take after 与…相像 take…as 把…当作 take away 拿开,拿走 take back 收回 take down 记下,写下,拿下 take for

认为,以为 take in 接受,容纳 领会,理解 take off 拿走,脱下,起飞 take on 呈现,具有,装出 接纳,接受 承担,从事 take over 继承,接管,接收 take place 发生 take sb.to(a place) 把…领/带进,押解到 take sb.around… 领某人参观…地方 take up 占去,占据,占领

开始从事 拿起,捡起 tale n.故事,传说 *talent n.才能,天资 n.人才 talk v.谈,讲 n.讲话,演讲 v.讨论,议论 talk about 谈论 talk back 回嘴,顶嘴 talk into 说服 talk of 提到…,谈到…,说起… talk over

商量,讨论 tall [E] a.高的 tank n.箱,罐,槽 n.坦克 tap n.旋塞,龙头,塞子 tap v./n.轻叩,轻拍 tape n.带子,磁带 target n.靶子,目标 task n.任务,工作 v.品尝,尝 n.滋味 n.味觉 n.趣味,口味,鉴赏力

v.味道像,有…味道 tax v.征税 n.税 v.加负担,使劳累 taxi n.出租汽车 tea n.茶叶,茶 n.茶点 strong/weak tea 浓/淡茶 teach v.教,教书,教训 teacher n.教师 team n.小队,小组 tear n.眼泪 in tears

流着泪,含泪,哭 tear v.撕,撕下 technical a.技术的,工艺的 technician n.技术员 technique n.技巧,手艺 n.技术,工艺 *teenager n.(13-19岁的)少年 telegram n.电报 telephone n.电话 v.打电话 telescope n.望远镜 telescope

n.电视,电视机 tell v.告诉,讲述 v.吩咐,命令 v.泄露,吐露 v.辨别,区别 tell sb.of… 向某人讲述… tell about… 讲了,谈论… tell of… 提及;谈到 n.情绪,脾气 temperature n.温度 take one’s temperature 测量某人的体温 temple n.庙,寺 *temporary

a.暂时的 *temptation n.诱惑,引诱 ten n./a.十 tend v.趋于,倾向 tend v.照料,看护 tendency a.温柔的,温厚的 a.脆弱的,敏感的 tennis n.网球 teble tennis 乒乓球 tense n.时态 tense a.拉紧的,紧张的

tension n.紧张;张力;拉力 tent n.帐逢 tenth a.第十 n.十分之一 term n.学期 n.期,期限 n.词,措词,术语 n.条件,条款 in terms of 以…观点;基于… come/make terms 达成协议;逆来顺受;安分守己 terminal n.终点,站;终端,接线端 terrible a.可怕的,令人生畏的

a.极度的,厉害的 a.坏透的,很糟的 territory n.领土,地区 n.领域,范围 terror n.恐怖 n.可怕的人(事) test n.测验,试验,检验 text n.课文 n.原文,本文,正文 textbook n.教科书,教材 than conj.比 thank v.感谢 n.感谢,谢忱

thanks to 由于,多亏 thankful a.感激的;欣慰的 that a./pron.那,那个 pron.[引出定语从句]…的 conj.[引出名词从句] ad.那样,那么 that is 就是说,即 the art.[定冠词] theatre n.剧院 go to the theatre 去看剧/戏 their pron.他们的 theirs

pron.他们的(东西) them pron.他们(宾格) themselves pron.他们自己 then ad.在那时,当时 ad.那么,因而 ad.然后,于是 ad.另外,而且 theory n.理论,学说 there ad.在那里,往那里 ad.[作引导词] ad.在那一点上,在那方面 ad.[放在句首,用以加强语气] *thereby ad.因此,从而 therefore

ad.因此;结果 thermometer n.温度计 these pron.这些 they pron.他们 thick a.粗,厚,稠,浓 ad.厚,浓,密 thief n.贼 thin a.细,薄,稀,瘦 v.变细,变薄 thing n.物,东西 n.事,事情 think v.想,思索

v.认为 v.考虑,打算 think about 考虑 think of 想到,想起,关心 think over 仔细考虑 thinker n.仔细考虑 thinker n.思想家 third a.第三 n.三分之一 *thirst n.口渴 thirsty a.渴的 be thirsty for…

渴望… thirteen n./a.十三 thirtieth [E]第三十,三十分之一 thirtieth n./a.三十 this a./pron.这,这个 thorough a.彻底的,完全的 those a.那些 pron.那些,那些人 though conj.虽然 ad.可是,然而 thought n.思想,思维,思考 n.想法,观念

thoughtful a.深思的,沉思的 a.体贴的,关心的 thousand n./a.一千 thousands of 数以千计的,成千上万的 one in thousand 千中之一,罕有的人或物,千里挑一的 thread n.线 v.穿线,穿过 n.线索,思想 threat n.威胁,危险迹象 threaten v.威胁,恫吓 v.快要来临,有…危险 three n./a.三

throat n.咽喉,嗓子,气管 through prep./ad.通过,穿过 ad.自始至终 all through 自始至终 get through (使)通过 go through 通过,仔细看 throughout prep.贯穿,遍及 ad.到处,全部 throw v.投,扔,抛 throw away 扔掉,抛弃 throw,off 匆匆脱掉,扔掉,摆脱

throw on 匆匆穿/戴上 *thrust v./n.刺,戮,插入 *thumb n.拇指 thunder n.雷,轰隆声 v.打雷,轰隆响 Thursday n.星期四 thus ad.如此,这样 ad.因而,从而 ticket n.票,门票,车票 n.票签,标签 tide n.潮汐,潮 n.潮流,趋势

tidy v.整理,收拾 a.整洁,整齐 tie n.领带 v.系,捆 n.纽带,联系 tiger n.虎 tight a.紧的,紧身的 ad.紧紧地 a.密封的,紧密的 till conj.prep.到…为止,直到 not…till 直到…才,不到…不,在…以前不 *timber n.木材,木料 time

n.时间,时刻 n.次,回 n.时代,时期 n.倍,乘 from time to time 时常,不时地 in no time 立即,马上 on time 准时 once upon a time 从前 ahead of time 提前 at a time 每次,一次 at times 有时 for the time being 目前,暂时

in time ad.及时地,适时地 have a good time 玩得好,过得很高兴 take one’s time 不急不忙,从容进行 *timetable n.时间表,时刻表 tin n.罐头,听 n.锡 tiny a.微小的,细小的 tip n.尖,顶端 tip n.小费 v.给小费 tire v.使疲倦;使厌倦

tired a.使疲劳;厌倦的 be tired of 对…感到厌倦;讨厌… get tired of 对…厌倦了 title n.书名,题目 n.头衔,称号 to prep.[表示方向]向,往 prep.[表示终点,程度、范围]到 part.[不定式符号] prep.[用于间接宾语前]给 prep.[表示对比、比例、选择]比,对 *toast n.烤面包片,吐司 v.烤(面包片等) tobacco n.烟草,烟叶

today n./ad.今天,现在 toe n.脚趾,足尖 together ad.共同,一起 toilet n.厕所,盥洗室 *tolerate v.容忍,默许 tomato n.西红柿 *tomb n.坟,冢,陵墓 tomorrow n./ad.明天 ton n.吨 tone n.音,音调,声调

n.腔调,语气 tongue n.舌,舌头 n.语言 tonight n./ad.今晚 too ad.也,又 ad.太,过于 tool n.工具 tooth n.牙齿 n.齿,齿状物 top n.顶,顶部 a.最高的 on top of 在…之上 topic

n.论题,题目 torch n.火炬,火把 n.手电筒 total n.总数,合计 a.总的,完全的 v.合计,总计 touch v.触,摸,碰 v.触动,感动 n.接触,联系 in touch with 与…有联系 keep in touch(with) 与某人保持联系 out of touch 失去联系 tough a.坚韧的,难嚼烂的

a.结实的,能吃苦耐劳的 a.艰巨的,困难的 tour v./n.旅游,旅行 tourist n.旅游者,观光者 toward(s) prep.[表示运动、方向]向 prep.[表示关系]对于 prep.[表示时间]将近 *towel n.毛巾 tower n.搭 town n.城镇,市内商业中心 toy n.玩具 trace n.痕迹,踪迹

v.跟踪,查找,临摹,临摹,勾画 trace back(to) 追溯到;探索 trace down 追踪;尾随 track n.跑道,跑线,轨道 n.足迹,踪迹 v.追踪,跟踪 tractor n.拖拉机,牵引车 trade n.贸易,商业 n.行业,职业 v.做买卖,交易 trade…for 用…交换 by trade 就职而言,职业是 trade union

工会 tradition n.传统,惯例 traditional a.传统的 traffic n.交通,交通量 trail n.痕迹,足迹 train n.列车 v.培训 training n.训练 transfer v.迁移,调动 v.换车 *transform v.转变,变形,变革 v.变换,变压

n.转移,传递,转账,汇兑 *transistor n.晶体管,晶体管收音机 translate v.翻译 translation n.翻译,译文 *transmit v.发射,播送;传动,传送 *transparent a.透明的 *transport v./n.运输,搬运 *trap n.陷进,圈套 v.诱捕,使中圈套 travel v./n.旅行 *tray n.盘,托盘

treasure n.财宝,财富 n.宝贝,珍宝 v.珍视,珍惜 treat v.对待,处理 v.医疗,治疗 v./n.款待,请客 treatment n.待遇,对待 n.治疗,疗法 drug treatment 药物治疗 tree n.树 tremble v.颤抖,颤动 tremendous a.巨大的 trend

n.倾向,趋势 *trial n.审讯 n.试验 be on trial for 因…而受审判 on trial 用于试验的目的,暂时 *triangle n.三角,三角形 *tribe n.部落,宗族 trick n.诡计,花招 v.哄骗,欺骗 play a trick on… 欺骗…,开某人的玩笑,捉弄… trick sb.into doing 哄骗某人去做… trip

v.绊倒,失足 n.旅行,远足 triumph n.胜利,成功 v.得胜,战胜 troop n.部队,军队 n.苦恼,麻烦,困难 v.麻烦,打扰 n.辛苦,费心 in trouble 处于困境 have trouble(in)doing 在…方面不好办,遇到麻烦 trousers n.裤子 truck n.卡车,载重汽车 true a.真实的,确实的

a.忠实的,可靠的 come true 实现(梦想等) truly adv.真正地;衷心地 trumpet n.喇叭 trust v./n.信任,信赖 v./n.委托,信托 truth n.真实,真相 n.真理 try v.试图,努力 v.试验,试用 v.审讯,审理 try on 试穿 try ones’best(to do)

竭尽所能(做) try out 参加选拔 try to do… 努力做… try doing 试着做 tube n.管,软管 n.电子管,显像管 n.地下铁道 Tuesday n.星期二 tune n.调子,曲调 v.调整,调节 to the tune of… 在…曲调伴奏下,和着…曲调 tune in 调到…台(收音等)

tune out 调掉…台(收音等) tunnel n.隧道,山洞 turbine n.涡轮机,汽轮机 turkey n.火鸡,火鸡肉 turn v./n.翻,旋转,转动 v./n 扭转,转向 n.轮流,轮班 v.变化,改变 turn off 关,关闭 turn on 打开,拧开 by turns 轮流,交替地 in turn

依次,轮流 turn down 关小,调低 拒绝,排斥 turn in 交出,上缴 转身进入,拐入 turn into (使)变成 turn out 生产,制造 驱逐,使离开 turn out (常接) to do 结果是… 证明是,结果是 turn against 背叛 turn…over 把…翻过来 turn ove

翻过来,翻倒 移交,转交 turn to 变成;求助于,借助于 take turns 轮流 take one’s turn 轮到某人,依次 turn up 出现,发生,到来 开大,调大(音量等) 扭亮(灯火等) take a sudden turn 急转弯 twelfth a.第十二 twelve n./a.十二 n.二十分之一 twentieth

a.第二十 twenty n./a.二十 twice ad.两次,两倍 twin n.孪生子,双生子 a.成双的,孪生的 twist v./n.搓,捻 v./n.拧,扭 n.扭转,扭弯 two n./a.二 type n.型式,类型 v.打字 a type of 一种类型的 typewritey

n.打字机 *typhoon n.台风 typical a.典型的,有代表性的 *tyre n.轮胎

学士学位英语课程词汇表、短语表(U)

U

ugly a.丑的,导陋的 a.丑恶的,讨厌的 *ultimate a.最后的,最终的;根本的 *umbrella n.伞 unable a.不能,不会

uncertain a.不确定的;没把握的 uncle n.伯父,叔父,舅父,姑夫,姨夫 uncomfortable a.不舒服的,不自在的 uncommon a.不一般的;难得的 uncover v.拿开覆盖物;揭开 under prep.在…下面 prep.少于,低于 prep.在…情况下,在…下 under age 未成年,不满21岁 under one’s hat 在秘密中 under the head of 在…项目下

bring under 镇压,压服 undergo v.遭受,经历 *undergraduate n.大学生,大学肄业生 underground ad.地下地,秘密地 n.地下铁道 a.地下的,秘密的 underline v.在…下划线 *underneath prep.在…下面 ad.在下面 understand v.懂,理解 v.揣测,认为 understanding n.理解,理解力

n.谅解 underake v.接受,承担 unexpected a.想不到的,意外的 unfair a. unfit a.不适当的;不胜任的 v.使不能胜任 be unfit for 不合适,不称职的,不胜任 unfortunate a.不幸的,令人遗憾的 unhappy a.不幸福的,不快乐的,不幸的 uniform n.制服,军服 a.一致的,一律的 union 不公平的,不公道的

n.结合,组合,联合 n.协会,工会,联盟 unique a.惟一的,独特的 unit n.单位,单元 n.部件,元件 unite v.统一的,结合,合并 v.联合,团结 unity n.统一,一致,整体 universal a.普遍的,全体的,通用的 universe n.宇宙,万物 university n.综合大学 unkind a.不和气的;不客气的;不友好的

unknown a.未知的,不知名的 unless conj.如果不,除非 *unlike a.不同的,不相似的 prep.不像,和…不同 unload v.卸下…货物;摆脱…负担 unluck n.不幸,倒霉 unnecessary a.不必要的,无用的 unpleasant a.令人不快的,讨厌的 until prep./conj.到…为止,直到 not…until 直到…才… 不到…不…

unusual a.不平常的,稀有的,例外的 up prep./ad.向上 ad.起床,起来 ad.[从静止到活动]…起来 ad.[从活动到结束]…完,…光 be up against 起来反抗 be up and about/around 病后复元 up to 从事于,忙于;直到该由…,轮到… ups and downs 盛衰 upon prep.在…上 upper 在……上 upper

a.上,上部的,较高的 upright a.直立的,竖立的 upset v.弄翻,打翻 v.扰乱,打乱,使不安 upstairs a./ad.在楼上,往楼上 up-to-date a.时新的,新式的 a.跟上时代的 upward a./ad.向上,上升,…以上 urge v.鼓励,促进 urgent a.紧迫的,催促的 us pron.我们(宾格) usage

n.使用,用法;习惯,惯例 use v.用,使用,消耗 n.使用,用法,用途 be used for n./doing 被用来… be in use 在使用中 make use of 利用 put to use 使用,利用 use up 用光,花完 v.过去惯常,过去经常 used to do 过去总…(现在不) (used 是谓语) used a.习惯于(to)

a.用旧了的,旧的 be used to… 习惯于,适应… get/become used to… 习惯了/适应了 useful v.有用的,有益的,有帮助的 useless a.无用的,无价值的 user n.用户;使用者 usual a.通常的,惯常的 as usual 像往常一样,照例 usually ad.通常 *utilize,utilise v.利用 *utmost

a.最远的,最大的,极度的
n.极限的,极度,最大可能

学士学位英语课程词汇表、短语表(V)

V
vacation n.休假,假期 vacuum n.真空 *vague 不明确的,含糊的,暧昧的 vain n.徒劳,白费 a.自负的,虚荣的 in vain 徒劳,白费,无效 *valid a.有效的;合理的;有根据的 valley n.谷,山谷 valuable

a.有价值的,贵重的 value n.价值,实用性,重要性 v.评价,估计 vanish v.消失,消散 *vanity n.虚荣心,浮华 vapo n.汽,蒸汽 *variation n.变化,变动;变种,变异 *variety n.多样性,变化 n.变种,品种 n.种类,种种 a variely of … 种类繁多,各种各样 various a.各种样样的,不同的

a.多方面的,多种的 vary v.变化,改变 vast a.巨大的,广阔的 a.大量的,巨额的 vegetable n.植物,蔬菜 *vehicle n.车辆,交通工具 verb n.动词 *vertical a.垂直的,竖的 very ad.很,非常 ad.真正地,完全 a.正是那个,恰好的 a.真正的,真实的 vessel

n.船舶 n.容器,器皿 n.管,导管,血管 via prep.经,通过 vibrate v.振动;摇动 vibration n.振动;摇动 vice n.罪恶,恶习,不道德行为 n.缺点,毛病 n.老虎钳;副职 victim n.牺牲品,受害者 victory n.胜利 victory over 战胜;击败 *video

n.电视,影像 view n.观察,视域,眼界 n.观点,见解,看法 n.景色,风景 v.看,观察;看待;考虑 view…as a goal 把…视为目标/目的 in view of 由于,鉴于 be on view 在展览 village n.村,村庄 *vinegar n.醋 violent a.猛烈的,强烈的,剧烈的 *violet n.紫罗兰

n./a.紫色 *violin n.小提琴 *virtue n.美德,优点 by/in virtue of… 凭借着,由于… of easy virtue 不贞洁的 of virtue 贞洁的,有美德的 visible a.可见的,有形的 *vision n.视觉,视力 n.幻想,幻影

学士学位英语词汇表、短语表(W)
W Wage

n.工资,报酬 *wag n.运货马车,运货车 wait v.等候(for) v.侍候(on) n.等候,德行时间 waiter n.侍者,服务员 wake v.醒来,唤醒 v.使觉悟,激发,引起 wake up 醒来 waken n.醒,弄醒,唤醒 walk v./n.步行,散步 n.人行道,散步场所 in all walks of life

各行各业 wall n.墙壁,围墙 v.筑墙围住,用墙隔开 the Great Wall (of China) 长城 wander v.徘徊,漫步 v.迷路,迷失 v.离开正道,离题 want v.想要,需要 v.缺乏,缺少 n.必需品 n.缺乏,需要 war n.战争;斗争 warm a. a. 暖,温暖 热忱,热心

v.使暖 warm up 暖和起来,加热,活跃起来 warm up 变热 *warmth n.暖和,温暖 n.热忱,热烈 warm v.警告,告诫 warn sb. Against 警告某人不要… warn sb. of… 警告某人,某事 wash v./n.洗 ,冲洗 v.(浪涛)冲刷,拍打 n.洗涤物,衣服 waste a.荒废的,没有的

v./n.浪费,消耗 n.废物,废品 watch v.观看,注视 v./n.看管,监视 n.表,手表 v.窥伺,等待 watch for 小心等候,留心找寻 watch over 看守,守护,照料 on watch 守望,值班 water n.水 v.浇,灌 *waterproof a. wave n.波浪,波 耐水的,防水的

n.飘扬,起伏 v.挥舞,摇动 *wax n.蜡,蜂蜡 v.打蜡 way n.道路,路程 n.方法,手段,方式 n.习惯,作风 by the way 顺便提一下,另外;在路旁, 在途中 all the way 一路上 under way 进行中 any way 无论如何,不管怎样 go out of one’s way 特意,不怕麻烦

make way 开路,让路 by way of 通过…方式,经由 make one’s way 前时,行进,排除困难前时, 挤过去 in a way 在某点,在某种程度上 in no way 决不 in one’s way/in the way 妨碍,阻碍 lead the way 带路,引路 on one’s way to… 在去…的途中 we pron.我们 weak

a.虚弱的,软弱的 a.薄北的,差的 weaken v.使变弱,削弱 weakness n.衰弱,软弱 n.弱点,缺点 wealth n.财富,财产 n.丰富,大量 wealthy a.富裕的,富有的,富庶的 weapon n.武器,兵器 wear v.穿戴,佩带 v.磨损,用旧 wear off 逐渐消逝 wear

用破,用坏,磨损 耗尽,使筋疲力尽 be worn out 筋疲力尽 *weary a.疲倦的 a.令人厌烦的 v.使疲倦,使厌倦 weather n.天气,气象 weave v.编,编织 *wedding n.婚礼 Wednesday n.星期三 weed n.杂草,野草 v.除草,锄草 week

n.星期,周 weekday n.平常日,工作日 weekend n.周末 weekly a./ad.每周,一周一次 n.周刊,周报 weep v.哭泣,流泪 weigh v.称,量 v.重,重达 v.考虑,权衡 weigh down 压下,被压得下垂 weigh one’s words 推敲;斟酌用字 weight n.重量,体重

lose one’s weight 减肥 by weight 在重量计算 put on weight 长胖,体重增加 under weight 过轻 over weight 过重;超重 welcome a. 受欢迎的 v./n.欢迎 int.欢迎 well n.井,水井 Well ad.好

a.健康的,良好的 int.好的 ad.有理由地,恰当地

as well as well as

同样,也 既…又,除…之外

(还),不仅…还… well-known west a.有名的,著名的 n./a.西,西部,西方

ad.在西方,向西方 western wet a.西的,西方的 a.湿 a.下雨的,多雨的 v.沾湿,弄湿 what pron./a.什么 a.(表示感叹)多么,何等 pron.[引出定语从句]所…的事物(或人) what about…?(关于)…怎样?…好吗? What if Whatever 如果…将会怎样,即使…又有什么要紧 pron.[引出名词从句]凡是…的,无论什么 a.不管怎样的,无论什么样的 wheat wheel when n.小麦 n.轮,车轮 ad.什么时候,何时

ad.[引出定语从句]…的时候,那进 conj.当…时 conj.在那时,然后 pron.什么时候 whenever conj.无论何时,随时 conj.每当 where ad.在哪里,往哪里 pron.哪里,什么地方 ad.[状语从句]在…的地方 ad.[定语从句]…的地方 wherever ad.无论在哪里。 ,无论到哪里 ad.究竟在里,究竟到哪里 whether conj.是否,会不会 conj. 不管,无论 whether…or 是…还是,不管…还是… which pron./a.哪一个,哪一些 pron.[引出定语从句 …的 pron.[引出非限制性定语从句] 那一个,那一些 whichever pron./a.无论哪个,无论哪些

while

conj.当…时候 conj. 虽然,尽管 n.一会儿,一段时间

once in a while after a while for a while in a(short)while whip

偶尔,有时 过了一会,不久

一会儿,不久一会儿,一段时间

n.鞭子 v.抽打,鞭策

whisper whistle

v./n.耳语,私语 v.吹口哨,鸣笛 n.口哨声,汽笛声 n.哨子,汽笛

white who

n./a.白色 pron.谁 pron.[引出定语从句]…的 pron.[引出非限制性定语从句]他,她,他们

whoever

pron.[引出名词从句]谁 porn.无论谁,不管谁

whole

n./a.全部,全体,完整

on the whole wholly whom whose

总的来说 ad.完全,一概 pron. 谁(宾格) pron.谁的 pron.[引出宾语从句]那个(人)的,那些(人)的

why

ad.为什么 ad.[引出定语从句]为什么…的 int.咳。哎呀

wicked wide

a.坏的,不道德的,居心不良的 a.宽阔的,广泛的 ad.完全的,充分地

widen widely widespread *widow width

v.加宽,拓宽 ad.广,广泛 a.普遍的,广泛流传的 n.寡妇 n.宽度,幅 n.广阔,宽阔

wife wild

n.妻子 a.野生的,未驯化的 a. 荒芜的,荒凉的

a.疯狂的,狂热的 will v.愿,要 n.决心,意志 n. 遗嘱 willing win a.自愿的。心甘情愿 v.赢得,获胜 v.达到,赶上 see beat wind wind one’s way window window wine wing winter *wipe wipe out wipe off wire 赢了(某物,奖金,奖品,比赛,战争) v.(钟表等)上 z 劲,上弦,绕,缠,弯曲 蜿蜒前进 n.风 n.窗,窗户 n.葡萄酒,果酒 n.翼,翅膀 n.冬天,冬季 v./n.擦,抹,揩 消灭,毁灭 擦掉 n.铁丝,电线 v.将,会

n.电信,电报 wireless wisdom wise wish n.无线电,无线电通讯;无线电话 n.智慧,明智 a. 智慧的,聪明的 v./n.祝,祝愿 v.希望,想要 n.希望,愿望 *wit with n.智力,才智 prep.跟…一起 prep.用 prep.关于,就…而言 Prep.因,由于 Prep.随着 with this in mind (由于)考虑到这一点 with a great air 以了不起的神态,摆着大架子 with the help of 在…帮助下 with the same idea

以同样的道理 *withdraw v.收回,撤回,提取 within v.撤退,退出

在…里面,在…以内

ad.在内 without 没有毫无 v.目击,目睹

witness n.目击者,见证人 wolf woman wonder wolf n.狼 n.妇女,女人 n.惊奇,惊异 n.诧异,奇怪 v.纳闷,想知道 no wonder

难怪,怪不得,不足为奇 不知是否…

wonder if+ 从句

be filled with wonder 对…感到极度惊奇 do/work wonders 做出奇迹,做出惊人之事 wonderful wood a.惊人的,奇妙的,极好的 n.小森林,树林(C)

n.木头,木材(U) wooden a.木制的

a.木头似的,呆笨的 wool word n.羊毛 n.词,单词 n.诺言,保证 in a word in other words 换句话说,也就是说 keep one′s word 守信用 get in a word 插话 have a word with sb. 和某人说句话 work v./n.工作,劳动 n.成果,制品 n.著作,作品 v.运转,开动 n.毛线,毛织品 n.言语,话 n.音信,消息

总而言之,一言以蔽之

work hard at

努力(干某事) getback from work 下班回来 go to work 上班 out of work 失业 at work 在工作,忙着,在起作用 work out 解决,算出,设计出,制订出 worker workman workshop world n.工人,工作者 n.工人 n.工厂,车间 n.世界,地球 n.世间,人间 world-wide a.全世界的 worm worry n.虫,蠕虫 发愁,担忧,烦恼 n….界,领域 n.全世界,世人

be worried about

worry about 担心,为…焦虑 worse worship worst at (the) worst 在最坏的情况下 worth a.值…钱,值得…的 n.价值 be worth+n./worth doing 值得… 值… a.值得的 a.有价值的,可尊敬的 a./ad.更坏,更差 v./n.崇 ,礼 a./ad.最坏,最差

*worthwhile worthy

a.值得的,配得上的(of) be worthy of… 值得的,应得的 would v.愿,想,要 v.总是,便会

would rather+v.than+v. 宁愿…也不… would rather+虚伪句+than+v.

宁愿…也不… wound wrap wrist write n.创伤,伤口 v.卷包,缠绕 n.腕,腕关节 v.写,写作 v.写信,函告 v.受伤,伤害 n.披肩,围巾

write sb.a letter,write to sb., write sb. 给某人写信 writer writing wrong go wrong 出毛病了,走错路 do sb.wrong 冤枉某人,伤害某人,对…不公 do wrong 做坏事,做错事 be wrong with 出毛病,不对头 What′s wrong with the engineer?
工程师怎么啦?

n.作者,作家 n.写作;写信;笔迹 a.错误的,有毛病的 ad.错,不对

学士学位英语词汇表、短语表(X)
X-ray n.X 射线,X 光

士学位英语词汇表、短语表(Y) Y

yard yard year yearly yellow yes yesterday yet

n.院子,场地 n.码 n.年,年度 a./ad.每年,一年一度 n./a.黄色 ad.是的 ad.昨天 ad.还,仍然 ad.已经

conj.然而,可是 ad.更 yield v.生产,出产 n.产量,收获量 you young your yours pron.你,你们 a.年轻的 pron. pron. n.(the----)年青人 你的,你们的 你的(东西),你们的(东西) v.让步,屈服

yourself pron.你自己,你本身

youth

n.青春,青年时期

n.青年,青年人

*youthful a.年青的,有青春活动的

成人英语三级高频词汇汇总一
1. abide by(=be faithful to ; obey)忠于;遵守。 2. be absent from…。 缺席,不在 3. absence or mind(=being absent-minded) 心不在焉 4. absorb(=take up the attention of)吸引…的注意力(被动语态)be absorbed i n 全神贯注于…近 be engrossed in ; be lost in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on ; be focused on ; be centered on 5. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有 6. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解 7. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外。 Without accident (=safely) 安全地, 8. of one's own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地, 主 动地 9. in accord with 与…一致 . out of one's accord with 同…。不一致 10. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地 11. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据 12. on one's own account 1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益 2)(=at one's own risk) 自行负责 3) (=by oneself)依靠自己 on account 赊账; on account of 因 为; on no account 不论什么原因也不;of …account 有………重要性。 13. take…into account(=consider)把……考虑进去 14. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由) 15. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明。 16. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为。 17. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首 时句 子要倒装) 18. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告 19. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于。 20. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially ) 熟悉 21. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理 22. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于 23. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适 应新的需要) 24. in addition (=besides)此外, 又, 加之 25. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外 26. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, pe rsist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循 27. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的

28. adjust……(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应; 29. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地。 30. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先。 31. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地。 32. have an advantage over 胜过。 have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件 have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事 33. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用。 34. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意 35. in agreement (with)同意, 一致 36. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………。 ahead of time 提前。 37. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体。 2)在谣传中。 38. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的。 39. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计 40. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不; all at once(=suddenly) 突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎。 41. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计 到 . 42. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于。 43. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责。 44. answer to (=conform to)适合,符合。 45. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或 anxious for 46. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉 47. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁。 appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力 48. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请 ; apply for 申请; apply to 适用。 49. apply to 与…有关;适用 50. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准

成人英语三级高频词汇汇总二
51. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起。 52. arrange for sb.sth. to do sth. 安排…做… 53. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方) ;得出,作出; arrive in 到 达某地(大地方) ; 54. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以… 为羞耻 55. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保 证, 使…确信。 56. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系 ,结 57. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做… 58. attend to (=give one's attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon) (=wait upon, serve, look after)侍候,照料

59. attitude to toward …对…的态度。看法 60. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把……归因于……, 认为……是……的结果 61. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均 62. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness) 意识到,知道。 63. at the back of (=behind)在…后面 64. in the back of 在…后部(里面) on the back of 在…后部(外面) be on one's ; ; back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起。 65. at one's back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one 's back 有…支持,有…作后台 66. turn one's back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬 (某人) ,背弃,抛弃 67. behind one's back 背着某人(说坏话) 68. be based on upon 基于 69. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上 70. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢 71. begin with 以…开始。 to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常 用于开始语) 72. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义 73. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth.sb. to be true) 相信, 依赖,信仰。 74. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处。 75. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处) 76. for the better 好转 77. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过。 78. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统 at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生 79. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人 . blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上 80. in blossom 开花(指树木) be in blossom 开花(强调状态) come into blossom 开花(强调动作) 81. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机 82. boast of (or about)吹嘘 83. out of breath 喘不过气来 84. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之 85. in bulk 成批地,不散装的 86. take the floor 起立发言 87. on business 出差办事。 88. be busy with sth.于某事 . be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事 89. last but one 倒数第二。 90. but for (=without)要不是。 表示假设 91. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买 92. be capable of 能够, 有能力 be capable of being +过去分词是能够被…的 93. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost , whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何

94. in case (=for fear that)万一; 95. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一 in the case of 至于…, 就… 而言 96. in no case 在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句) 97. be cautious of 谨防 98. center one's attention on(=focus one's attention on) 把某人的注意力集 中在…上 99. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定。 100. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地

成人英语三级高频词汇汇总三
101. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然 102. for a change 换换环境(花样等) 103. charge sb. with …控告某人犯有… 104. in charge of (=responsible for) 负责(某事) in the charge of …由…管 105. take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾) 106. charge…for 因…索取(费用) , charge sb. with sth. 控告某人犯有… usually without stopping) 昼夜不停

107. round the clock(=all day and all night, 地 108. comment on 评论

109. commit oneself to 使自己承担… commit sb. to prison 把某人送进监狱;

commit

one's idea to writing 把某人的想法写下来; commit a matter to a committee 把某事交给 委员会讨论 110. in common (和…)有共同之处,共用。 be common to sb. 是与某人所共有的 111. keep company with (=be friendly and go out together) 和…要好。 112. compare…with … 把…与…比较 113. compare…to… 把…比作… 114. by comparison 比较起来 115. in comparison with (=in contrast to) 和…比起来 compensate

116. compensate for (=give sth. to make up for) 补偿, 赔偿,弥补

sb. for sth. 赔偿,弥补 117. complain of (or about)抱怨;诉苦;控告;complain about 抱怨某人或事情; complain to sb. about sth. (or sb.) 向某人抱怨…; complain (抱怨) complement ; (补充) compliment (恭维) ; 118. comply with (=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule etc.) 遵守, 依从 119. conceive of (think of, imagine, consider) 想象,设想

120. concentrate on (or upon)

集中,专心 与…有关

121. be concerned with (=about) 122. concern oneself about with 关心

123. in conclusion(=as the last thing)最后一点; at the conclusion of 当…结束时; 124. condemn sb. to 判决 125. on condition that (=if) 以…为条件, 假如。 in that = because 因为; now that = since 既然 for all that = although 尽管 健康状况好不好 . in

126. in out of condition (=thoroughly healthy or fit not fit) good (bad) condition 处于良好(坏)状态

127. confess(to) (=admit a fault, crime, or sth. wrong)承认, 供认; confess to a crime 承认罪行。 128. confide in (=to talk freely to sb. about one's secret) 对…讲真心话, 依赖 have confidence in

129. in confidence 推心置腹地; with confidence 满怀信心地; 对…有信心 130. confidence in sb. sth. 对…的信赖 131. be confident of 有信心; confidential 机密的 132. confine…to… 把…限制在某范围内 133. confirm sb. in 使某人更坚定(信念等)

134. conform to (=be in agreement with, comply with)

符合,遵照,遵守;1)

obey 服从; 2) observe; 3)comply with 照…办; 4)keep to 遵循; 5)abide by 服从;6)stick to 按……做 135. be confronted with(=be brought face to face with) 136. congratulate sb. on 祝贺 137. in connection with(=with regard to)关于, 138. be conscious of(=be aware of)觉察,知道 139. consent to(=give agreement to permission)同意 140. in consequence (=as a result) 结果 面对, 面临

141. in consequence of (=as a consequence of)由于…的结果 142. under consideration 在考虑中 143. in consideration of (=in return for, on account of, because of )由于

144. on no consideration(in no case)无论如何也不 145.take…into consideration (=take account of, 把 …考虑进去 146. considerate (=thoughtful of the needs) considerable 相当大的,值得考虑的 147. consist of(=be composed of)由…组成的。 符合,与…一致 148. be consistent with (=be in agreement with) 与…一致。 be consistent in 一贯的 , 149. consult sb. on about sth. 向…征求…方面的意见, 就…向…请教 150. to one's heart's content 尽情地,痛痛快快 consist in 主要在于。 consist with 体贴的, 考虑他人需要的, take…into account)考虑到,

成人英语三级高频词汇汇总四
151. be content with(=be satisfied with) 满足于 be content to do sth. 愿意做某 事 152. contrary to (=in opposition to) 与…相反 153. on the contrary 相反

154. contrast…with 把…与…相对(对照) 155. in contrast towith 和…形成对比 by contrast 对比之下 156. contribute to 有助于 157. under control (被)控制住 out of control 无法控制 158. at one's convenience (=where and when it suits one) 在方便的时间或地点 .be convenient to for 对…方便 159. convince sb. of (=cause sb. to believe or feel certain; to persuade sb.) 使某人确信,try to persuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做… 160. cope with(=deal with, try to find a solution to)应付, 处理 161. in the corner(of)在角落里;on(at) the comer of a street 在街道拐弯 处;round the comer 拐过弯; be in a tight corner 陷入困境 162. correspond (with)( =exchange letters regularly) 通信 163. correspond to 相当于 . correspond with 符合,一致 164. at all costs 不惜任何代价 . at the cost of 以…为代价 165. a matter of course 理所当然的事 166. as a matter of course 当然地, 自然地 167. in (during) the course 在…过程中 168. in due course (=without too much delay) 没经过太久, 到一定时候 169. on credit 赊购; with credit 以优异成绩; to one's credit 使某人感到光荣; do sb. credit 使…感到光荣 170.be critical of 爱挑毛病的,批评的 171. cure sb. of+某种疾病 治好某人的疾病 172.a danger to 对…的危险; be in danger(of)处于…危险中; be out of danger 脱离危险 173. to date(=so far, until now) 到目前为止 174. out of date 过时的;up to date 新式的,时兴的; date back to 可追溯到; date from 从某时期开始(有) 175. deal with (=concern)论及 176. be in debt to sb. 欠…的债 177. on the decline 在衰退中, 在减少中 in decline 下降; on the increase 在 增加 178. to one's delight 令某人感到高兴 to one's regret 遗憾;sorrow 悲痛; relief 安心; distress 苦恼; shame 羞愧; surprise 惊奇; astonishment 惊奇; 179. delight in(=take great pleasure in doing sth.)喜欢, 取乐 180. take (a) delight in 喜欢干…, 以…为乐 181. demand sth. of sb. 向某人要求(非物质的)东西。 demand sth. from sb. 向 某人要求(物质的)东西 182.in demand 有需求;on demand 受到要求时 183. be dependent on 依靠 184. deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某物 185. derive…from(=obtain…from)从…取得,由…来的。derive from(=come from) 起源于 186. despair of (=lose all hope of) 绝望 187. in despair 绝望

188. 189. 190. 191. 192. 193. 194. 开除 195. 196. 197. 198. 199. 200.

despite (=in spite of)不管, 尽管 in detail 详细地 deviate from 偏离, 不按…办 on a diet 吃某种特殊饮食, 节食 differ from…in 与…的区别在于… in difficulties…有困难,处境困难, discharge sb. (from)…for (=dismiss sb. from a job for) 因…解雇, fall back (=retreat, turn back) 撤退; in disorder 慌乱地, 狼狈不堪 on display(=being shown publicly)陈列 dispose of (=get rid of ,throw away)处理掉 beyond dispute 不容争议的,无可争议 in dispute 在争议中 in the distance 在远处。 make out 辩认出

成人英语三级高频词汇汇总五
201. (be) distinct from ( = be different from) 与…截然不同 202. distinguish between (=make or recognize differences) 辨别 203. distinguish…from 把…与…区别开 204. do away with(=get rid of; abolish; discard eliminate) 除去,废除, 取消; do away with (=kill) 杀掉, 镇压 205. have…to do with 与…有关系 206. without doubt (=undoubtedly)无可置疑地 207. in doubt(=in a condition of uncertainty)对…表示疑惑 208. be due to 是由于 209. come off duty 下班 210. go on duty 上班 211. be on duty 值班, 值日, 在上班时 212. be in duty bound to (do)(=be required by one's job or esp. by conscience) 有义务(做) 213. be eager for 想得到, 盼望 214. by ear (=play music from memory without having seen it printed) 凭记 忆,不看乐谱 215. have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music and language) 对……有鉴赏力 216. a word in one's ear 私房话, 秘密话 217. on earth 究竟, 到底, 全然 218. with ease ( = easily)容易, 不费力 219. at (one's) ease ( = without worry or nervousness)自在,不拘束 220. put sb. at his her ease (=free sb. from worry or nervousness)使某人感 到无拘束 221. economize on (=save sth. instead of being wasteful) 节省 222. have an effect on 对…有影响 223. be in effect (=be in operation) 有效

224. go into effect 生效。 ( 近 come into effect; take effect; be brought into effect) 225. in effect (=in fact, really) 实际上 226. give effect to (=carry out) 实行,使…生效 227. to no effect 不起作用,没有取得任何效果 228. (be) of no effect (=useless) 无效 229. to the effect that 大意是…,主要内容是… 230. to that effect 是那个意思的… 231. emerge from ( =appear, become known ) 出现, 暴露(问题。 意见等) 232. place(or put, lay) an emphasis on 强调, 把重点放在…上 233. encourage sb. in 鼓励; encourage sb. in hisher work 鼓励某人工作; encourage sb. in hisher idleness 怂恿某人游手好闲 234. encourage sb. in …with sth. 用…鼓励某人做某事 235. on end (=continuously)连续地 236. (be) at an end (=finished) 结束了 237. no end of (=very manymuch) 很多,大量 238. in the end (=finally, eventually) 最终 239. at one's wit's end (=not knowing what to do or to say) 无法可想, 智 穷计尽 240. end up with 以…而结束 241. come to and end (=finish)结束 242. end in 以…为结束 243. engage in 或 be engaged in 忙于,从事 244. enter for (=put the name on a list for) 报名参加 245. enter into (=begin)开始(谈话, 谈判等) 246. enter on upon (=begin)开始 (一个时代。 一种生涯。 一段任期等) 247. be entitled to (=be given the right to do sth.)有权…,有资格… 248. be equal to 等于 249. be feel equal to (=have enough strength, ability etc.) (某人)能胜 任,能应付 on equal terms(=on and equal footing)平等地 250. be equipped with 装备有,装有

学位英语词汇练习 1
习题一:

1. Let's A. settle B. stop

the problem for the time being: we can return to it later. C. interrupt D. leave .

2. Those opinions are now out of

A. fashion B. mood 3. He finds it difficult to A. apply B. account

C. order D. form himself to the climate. C. avail D. accustom

4. When she heard the bad news, she ______ completely. A. broke away B. broke down C. broke out D. broke through

5. This is much _____ to the one I bought last week. A. worse B. lower 6. You should not _____ too much from him. A. expose B. expect C. express D. experience C. inferior D. equal

7. The novel ended happily, and the young couple were married in the ___ . A. final B. closing C. end D. conclusion

8. Why were the talks scheduled for that afternoon _____off at last minute? A. called B. cancelled C. stopped D. abandoned

9. The building _____ mostly undamaged after the earthquake, and only minor repairs were necessary. A. recovered B. consisted 10. I saw a traffic _____ this morning. C. lasted D. remained

A. event B. accident 11. The desert was regarded as _____ for settlement. A. uncertain B. unable

C. conflict D. damage

C. unfit D. unlike

12. Kindness is the most important _____ a man can have. A. habit B. property 13. They rose one after ______ and walked out. A. the other B. each other 14. _____ you ought to do is to see a doctor. A. How B. What C. Which D. That C. others D. another C. quality D. effect

15. He said ______ was not within his power to answer the question. A. that B. this 16. Mrs. Jonson ______ about it before me. A. would not like speaking B. would not like to speak C. had better not speaking D. had better speaking not C. such D. it

17. I like to get up early so that I can get plenty of work _____ before lunch. A. to do B. doing C. done D. being done

18. John suggested _____ anything about it until they found out more facts. A. not to say C. to say not

B. not say

D. not saying

19. His theory is very difficult, but _____ people understand it. A. a few B. few 20. Do you consider _____ more people over? A. it any good sending B. any good sending C. that any good sending D. any good to send C. a little D. little

21. You'd _____ tell him the truth before it is too late. A. better B. rather 22. The policeman ______ the thief down the road. A. rushed B. ran 23.We are opposed to _____ without him. A. have a party B. we have a party C. us have a party D. having a party C. chased D. raced C. most D. like

24. _____one occasion he helped an old woman who was in danger _____ the risk of his life. A. In/at B. On/at C. By/with D. At/in

25. Three months after she settled down in America she began to get _____ and homesick. A. bore B. bored 26. It was getting late, so we set off______ . A. to home B. at home C. for home D. home C. boring D. boredom

27. Every child in Britain is _____to free education at school. A. cared B. entitled C. liable D. given

28. I didn't buy the apples; she gave them to me _____ nothing. A. as B. for C. in addition to D. due to

29. He could not _____ his teacher that he was telling the truth. A. admit B. trust 30. He _____the present, but he didn’t accept it. A. took B. accepted 31. The A. violent B. extensive earthquake left 3,000 homeless C. endless D. furious C. received D. gained C. convince D. ensure

32. They _____ the aid of the United States but did not receive it. A. asked B. found C. sought D. obtained

33. Some members of the committee were opposed _____the club members’ money to redecorate the meeting hall. A. to use B. to using 34. A man's _____ lessens as he grows old. A. life B. effort C. temper D. vigor C. to have use D. to be used

35. Will you _____ my clothes while I go for a swim? A. watch B. notice 36. This room _____ 10 meters across. A. broadens B. measures C. averages D. lengthens C. intend D. attend

37. It didn’t take the children long to _____out the correct answer. A. get B. figure C. calculate D. see

38. His life as a river-boat-pilot came to a sudden end and he was _____to leave the Mississippi at the outbreak of the war. A. committed B. convinced 39. Jean _____to own a car but I don’t believe her. A. confirms B. claims 40. “Shall I remove the ink stains on the writing table?” “No, please do not _____.” A. bother B. disturb 41. How far was he _____for what had happened? A. reliable B. respective C. responsible D. provided C. matter D. distract C. completes D. convinces C. compelled D. compared

42. George took _____of the fine weather to do a day’s work in his garden. A. advantage C. interest

B. profit 43. The plan is not practical and is ______ to failure. A. due B. expected

D. charge

C. doomed D. certain

44. The ______ of their performance was expressed in their prolonged applause. A. understanding B. judgement C. appreciation D. determination

45. You needn't wait; you are free _____ whenever you like. A. going B. and going C. to go D. and go

46. _____ gathering and storing information, the computer can also solve complicated problems. A. Not only B. Except 47. Does he speak English or Russian? A. either B. neither 48. Can you tell me _____ a post office near here? A. whether is there B. that is there C. if there is D. what them is C. Unless D. Besides ---- He doesn't speak ____. C. all D. none

49. The benefit concert isn't a recorded one. It is ______. A. alive B. living 50. The airport is five miles _____. A. from here far B. from here away C. far from here D. away from here C. live D. lived

5l. My dog has never _____ anyone, except when provoked. A. bitten B. bit 52. Father said such a thing _____ to happen again. A. ought to be not allowed B. ought not to be allowed 53. She ______ her hair into her cap. A. pressed B. touched C. tucked D. tightened C. ought to be allowed not D. not ought to be allowed C. biting D. bite

54. Mary was very annoyed when her husband made a ______ of himself before her colleagues. A. spectator B. plan 55. He was left alone with _____to look after him. A. not one B. no one C. anyone D. someone C. game D. spectacle

56. _____ since she was a young girl, she had wanted to become an actress. A. Always B. Ever C. Long D. Frequently

57. Business letters must always be ______ but we should write in a natural way to friends. A. formal B. normal 58. Arabic is a language I found ____ to learn. A. it difficult B. that difficult 59. We _____ to get what we want, anyway. C. difficult it D. difficult C. former D. casual

A. operated B. managed

C. controlled D. handled

60. We have received a (an) ______ from the neighboring college to play them at football. A. demand B. challenge C. order D. requirement

61. Living here at the top of the mountain with no one else near you must be very ______ . A. lonely B. alone C. single D. sole

62. ______ , the temperature of a body rises when it receives heat. A. As for B. As yet C. As a rule D. As such

63. He drove fast and arrived an hour ______ of schedule. A. in advance B. ahead C. abreast D. in front

64. Finding it difficult to______ to the climate in the city, he decided to move to the north. A. fit B. adopt 65. She was ______ in white like a nurse. A. clothing B. dressed C. wearing D. worn C. suit D. adapt

66. It was a good game, and at the end the ______ was Argentina 3, West Germany 2. A. account B. mark C. score D. record

67. I didn't know what to do but then an idea suddenly ______ to me. A. occurred C. appeared

B. happened

D. lighted

68. Is there anyone who ______ the plan put forward by the committee? A. differs B. disagrees C. objects D. opposes

69. She told her children that they must not, ______ , play with matches. A. on any account B. to good account C. in no sense D. by no means

70. Our public transportation system is not ______ for the needs of the people. A. complete B. adequate C. normal D. perfect

71. Tom and I are ______ seeing you, so don't disappoint us! A. looking for B. looking forward to 72. Smoking in bed ______1000 fires a year. A. burns B. catches C. keeps D. causes C. looking to D. looking out on

73. The United States ______ a population of over 200 million. A. possesses B. have C. owns D. has

74. She opened the door very ______ so as not to wake the baby. A. attentively B. cautiously 75. He speaks English ______ better than I. A. very B. so C. much D. too C. patiently D. nervously

76. I enjoy playing basketball and then ______ . A. eating B. to eat 77. You don't object ______ you by your first name, do you? A. to me to call B. to my calling 78. He apologized ______ having to leave so early. A. because of B. since 79. 9. There is no_____ in insisting on the impossible. A. mind B. meaning C. sense D. help C. owing to D. for C. me to call D. my calling C. eat D. ate

80. Professor Black had us ______compositions every Friday. A. to write B. wrote 81. He didn't know ______ or go home. A. if to wait B. to wait C. whether to wait D. either to wait C. write D. writing

82. How can you avoid mistakes when you're in such a _____ ? A. speed B. worry C. hastening D. hurry

83. We must begin testing this instrument, no matter ______ difficult it is. A. however B. how 84. One of my ____ sayings is "there is no smoke without fire. " C. whatever D. what

A. favourite B. alike 85. He makes a good living ______selling used car. A. for B. on 86. I am _____ of the same old breakfast every morning. A. worn out B. tired 87. I couldn't understand the lecture, and ______ . A. neither could Sue B. so couldn't Sue 88. She's going to the photographer's ______ . A. that her photograph be taken B. to have her photograph taking

C. favourable D. likely

C. of D. out of

C. ill D. exhausted

C. Sue couldn't neither D. Sue couldn't also

C. to have her photograph taken D. to have taken her photograph

89. ______ people can speak a foreign language perfectly. A. Not much B. Little 90. I don't talk with them in English ______ . A. no longer B. any more 91. He lent me a few books, but ______ are easy to read. A. neither of them B. none of them C. not either of them D. not both of them C. not any longer D. no more C. Only a small number D. Few

92. There is something wrong with my TV set. I must have it _______ . A. check C. to check

B. checking 93. Which door does this key ____ to ? A. set B. become

D. checked

C. fit

D. belong

94. He's lived in London ______ . A. since a long time B. for some time C. long before D. some time ago

95. Try to make as ______ mistakes as possible in your homework. A. less B. a few 96. The child was ______to open the refrigerator door. A. barely tall enough B. barely enough tall C. tall barely enough D. enough barely tall C. least D. few

97. You can't go that way, I'm afraid, as the road is ______repair. A. for B. in C. under D. on

98. We have to produce more food to _____ the demand of the ever-growing population. A. suit B. fill 99. That field _____ a good crop of potatoes last year. A. planted B. grew C. raised D. yielded C. meet D. respond

100. When he was in prison he was not allowed to _____ with his family. A. commit B. communicate C. commission D. command

学位英语词汇练习 2
习题二:

1. Where did you _____ the magazine I was reading? A. lay C. remain B. lie D. let

2. It's my turn on _____ tonight, but I don't feel at all well. A. work C. duty B. task D. obligation

3. _____ these books to the library, as they will soon be overdue. A. Bring C. Fetch 4. They say more boys are born than girls _____. A. as a whole C. wholly 5. The chairman _____ a question for discussion. A. aroused C. arose B. raised D. rose B. in whole D. on the whole B. Take D. Leave

6. He is an honest official and never _____ any gifts from people who sought his help. A. received C. accepted 7. I suddenly _____ that it was past ten o'clock. A. realized C. understood B. recognized D. happened B. expected D. took up

8. Any student who _____ his homework is unlikely to pass the examination.

A. reduces C. practises 9. The car was repaired but not quite to my _____. A. joy C. attraction 10. They seem to have no interest in _____. A. mutual C. common

B. offends D. neglects

B. pleasure D. satisfaction

B. ordinary D. usual

11. Solar cells have been developed primarily to _____ electric power for spacecraft. A. seek C. apply 12. I can't _____ that loud music. A. persist in C. hold on to B. put out D. put up with B. provide D. insure

13. If you can’t turn the key, try _____ some oil in the lock. A. to put C. put 14. The blackout caused the meeting _____ . A. to break up C. coming to an end 15. It makes _____ to me to stay on or to leave. A. no doubt C. no use B. no problem D. no difference B. stopped at once D. couldn’t continue B. putting D. to have put

16. I don’t _____ it against the young man that he spent three years in jail. A. think B. hold

C. view 17. She has been so _____ lately that I think she must be sick. A. annoyed C. furious

D. consider

B. irritable D. angry

18. She _____ her ambition of becoming a Fellow of American Science Academy. A. acquired C. earned B. obtained D. attained

19. The succession of events described in the famous fairy tale “Alice in the Wonderland” is _____. A. image C. imaginary B. imagine D. imaginable

20. I’m quite determined to have the thing _____ with before you go. A. ended C. done away B. coped D. done

21. The student spent four months _____ the information for his paper. A. rounding up C. looking forward B. looking after D. rounding together

22. They made great efforts to build _____ the friendship between the two people. A. / C. on 23. Jean ____to own a car but I don’t believe her. A. confirm C. complete B. claims D. convince B. up D. upon

24. Every child in Britain is ____to free education at school A. cared B. entitled

C. liable 25. We’ll discuss it ____our dinner. A. while C. over 26. What’s your____ in doing so stupid a thing? A. end C. point

D. given

B. with D. from

B. meaning D. idea

27. The thief was _____by the police with breaking the law. A. accused C. criticized B. commented D. charged

28. Don’t invest in such a project, you’ll risk____ your money. A. losing C. to lose B. lose D. lost

29. She was not aware of his ____ in the room until he was asked to relate his recent experiences in the expedition. A. presence C. absence 30. John found _____ so complicated a question. A. it hard to answer C. hard for him to answer B. himself hard to answer D. himself hard answering B. present D. absent

31. The next afternoon I went to _____ Miss Barkley again. A. call on C. call forth 32. People usually say "facts are eloquent ______." A. clue B. consideration B. call out D. call off

C. prove

D. proof

33. His pupils used to make him so angry that he threw books ______ them. A. in C. towards D. at B. for

34. Sorry I can't answer your question. I know _____ about the subject. A. a little C. some B. little D. few

35. It's _____ my power to make final decision on the matter. A. outside C. out of 36. Dick usually looks forward to _____ from her. A. hear C. hearing 37. That family is always quarrelling ______ themselves. A. within C. between B. with D. among B. be heard D. have heard B. beyond D. above

38. She grabbed me _______ and pulled me onto the bus. A. by an arm C. on the arm B. by the arm D. with the arm

39. I don't think this is a good idea. Has he ______ suggestion? A. any one C. any other B. the other D. some another

40. My sister framed the photograph and ______ it on the wall of her room. A. hanged C. hung B. hangs D. hanging

41. I shall ______ you by telephone on Friday. A. contend C. constitute 42. Two ships were barely ______ on the horizon. A. sensible C. visible 43. If he refuses to pay I shall take ______against him. A. process C. punishment 44. She had not as yet ______ to any special work. A. been trained C. learned B. been practised D. studied B. approaches D. measures B. passable D. available B. contact D. conflict

45. It was then that I ______ a change come over her face. A. watched C. noted 46. With such poor ______ he really needs glasses. A. vision C. view 47. After that ______ exercise you will feel very tired. A. breathless C. attentive 48. I'll never ______ to her marrying that man. A. promise C. consent B. content D. allow B. vigorous D. fearful B. sense D. scene B. fixed D. located

49. It is only by ______ that you see me here. I ought to be in the office.

A. surprise C. incident

B. mistake D. accident

50. Don't ______ that you can succeed without hard work. A. intend C. endeavor B. suppose D. seek

51. No one has yet succeeded in explaining the ______ of how life began. A. cause C. confusion B. reason D. puzzle

52. Mr. Black built fences to ______ the boundaries of his land. A. mark C. sign B. confine D. post

53. He was very upset by the _____ of his English examination. A. effect C. result B. losing D. final

54. I ______ watching this program because it is very interesting. A. amuse C. please 55. The clock _______ and we realized it was two o'clock. A. hit C. rang B. struck D. sounded B. delight D. enjoy

56. The paper parcel ______ a clean shirt, socks and a handkerchief. A. composed C. constituted 57. Each apartment could _____ a family of six. A. house B. make B. contained D. was made up of

C. cover

D. include

58. They are nice boys and I'm sure you'll get on ______ them very well. A. by C. toward 59. Bill's getting along better than ______ in his class. A. somebody C. anybody 60. He ______live in the country than in the city. A. had better C. would rather B. prefers to D. would like B. somebody else D. anybody else B. with D. beside

61. The committee _____ a conclusion only after days of discussion. A. achieved C. arrived B. reached D. completed

62. She asked that the letter be _____ in order that the contents should remain a secret. A. eliminated C. destroyed 63. You are always ______ fault with what I do. A. thinking C. discovering 64. A dog was ______ by a bus and killed. A. run over C. felled down B. taken over D. tripped up B. seeing D. finding B. ruined D. spoiled

65. I know I have seen that man before. I can't ______ where. A. wonder C. remind B. recognize D. recall

66. Can you ______ me to the library, please? A. instruct C. direct B. describe D. appoint

67. The population of the world is growing at a dangerous ______ . A. pace C. progress 68. ______, that step is not safe! A. Look around C. look up B. Look out D. Look down B. measure D. rate

69. He was standing by an electric heater, and his nightdress ______ fire. A. took C. started B. caught D. set

70. In spite of the thunderstorm, the children slept ______ all night. A. noisily C. soundly B. sensitively D. quickly

71. The visit of the President will increase the ______ between the two countries. A. peace C. understanding B. knowledge D. assistance

72. When I am tired I frequently make silly arithmetical ______ . A. mistakes C. faults 73. Trains stop here in order to ______ passengers only. A. get off C. pull up 74. His wife's death ______ him deeply. B. get on D. pick up B. follies D. defects

A. affected C. effected 75. _____ I look old, I have not lost the use of my limbs. A. Though C. Despite

B. offended D. infected

B. In spite of D. No matter

76. The population of many Chinese cities has _____ doubled in the past thirty years. A. as great as C. quite a bit B. larger than D. more than

77. Fortunately, the demonstration ______ to be quite peaceful. A. turned in C. showed off B. turned out D. showed up

78. If you won't _____ her solve the problem by herself, she will never learn. A. put C. let B. set D. want

79. He is no fool, he’ll catch _____ soon enough to what you are saying. A. on C. in 80. It was not _____ the speaker finished his speech A. before long C. before B. long before D. after B. up D. up with

81. _____ her age, she really had done a good job in such a short time. A. Giving C. Give 82. He didn’t want to _____ with any plans she might have in view. A. trouble B. interest B. Gives D. Given

C. interview 83. The blackout caused the meeting _____ . A. to break up C. coming to an end 84. It makes _____ to me to stay on or to leave. A. no doubt C. no use

D. interfere

B. stopped at once D. couldn’t continue

B. no problem D. no difference

85. He's a very naughty boy and is always in _____ for his mischief. A. difficulty C. misery B. punishment D. trouble

86. He climbed up into the tree but the apples were still _____ his reach. A. inside C. at 87. This ward of the hospital is _____ Dr. Green. A. in charge of C. take charge of B. in the charge of D. responsible of B. within D. beyond

88. It is the business of novelist to _____ up into existence the world of imagination. A. build C. flare B. round D. conjure

89. It is by no means _____to learn a second language well _____ to learn your native tongue. A. so easier; as C. as easily; as B. so easier; that D. as easy; as

90. The Johnsons always kept on good _____with their next-door neighbors. A. friendship C. will B. relations D. terms

91. The customer complained _____the manager _____the discourtesy of an assistant. A. about; of C. to; of B. of; to D. against; of

92. We had a hard climb but we ____ a splendid view at the top of the hill. A. were awarded with C. were awarded 93. Why didn’t you come earlier? He is _____ of waiting so long. A. ill C. patient B. disordered D. sick B. were rewarded with D. rewarded with

94. It ______ me of the village where we spent our holidays last summer. A. remembers C. reminds 95. She was ____what to do under the circumstances. A. puzzled C. amazed 96. The printer has ____two lines from the paragraph. A. left behind C. left off B. left out D. left for B. driven D. convinced B. recalls D. relies

97. It is curious how children always behave much worse when they are _______ holiday. A. on C. at 98. He has a clear ______ of what needs to be done. A. knowing C. learning B. understanding D. meaning B. in D. for

99. Without enough air, the fire will easily ______ . A. go off C. go out 100. Look what father ______ me when he came home from work. A. brought C. took B. carried D. fetched B. go over D. go through

词汇记忆之词缀法
1、常考前缀 aero-:concerning the air of aircraft plane—aeroplane space—aerospace anti-:against;opposite of nuclear—antinuclear matter—antimatter war—antiwar auto-:of or by oneself biography—autobiography criticism—autocriticism be-:to treat as the stated thing friend—befriend little—belittle bi-:two;twice;double lingual—bilingual cycle—bicycle bio-:concerning living things chemistry—biochemistry sphere—biosphere by-,bye-:less important produce—by-produce way—byway centi-:hundredth part grade—centigrade meter—centimeter co-:together,with author—coauthor exist—coexist col-:( used before l ) together,with location—collocation com-:( used before b,m,p ) together,with passion—compassion con-:together,with centric—concentric

federation—confederation contra-:opposite diction—contradiction natural—contranatural cor-:( used before r ) together,with relate—correlate respond—correspond counter-:opposite act—counteract attack—counterattack cross-:across;going between the stated things and joining them country—crosscountry breed—crossbreed de-:showing an opposite;to remove;to reduce code—decode value—devalue dis-:not;the opposite of advantage—disadvantage agree—disagree honest—dishonest em-:( used before b,m,p ) to cause to become body—embody power—empower en-:to cause to become;to make danger—endanger large—enlarge ex-:former ( and still living ) minister—ex-minister wife—ex-wife extra-:outside;beyond curricular—extracurricular ordinary—extraordinary fore-:in advance,before;in or at the front arm—forearm warn—forewarn il-:( used before l ) not legal—illegal literate—illiterate im-:( used before b,m,p ) not moral—immoral possible—impossible in-:not direct—indirect sensitive—insensitive infra-:below in a range;beyond red—infrared structure——infrastructure inter-:between;among change——interchange

national——international intra-:inside,within;into city——intracity department——intra-department ir-: (used before r)not regular——irregular responsible——irresponsible kilo-:thousand gram——kilogram meter——kilometer macro-:large,esp. concerning a whole system rather than particular parts of economics——macroeconomics structure——macrostructure mal-:bad or badly function——malfunction treat——maltreat micro-:extremely small computer——microcomputer electronics——microelectronics mid-:middle day——midday night——midnight mini-:small;short bus——minibus skirt——miniskirt mis-:bad or badly;wrong or wrongly fortune——misfortune understand——misunderstand mono-:one;single plane——monoplane tone——monotone multi-:more than one;many purpose——multipurpose national——multinational non-:not resident——non(-)resident sense——nonsense out-:outside;beyond live——outlive door——outdoor over-:too much;above;additional head——overhead time——overtime poly-:many centric——polycentric syllabic——polysyllabic post-:later than;after graduate——postgraduate

war——postwar pre-:before;in advance pay——prepay war——prewar pro-:in favor of,supporting America——pro-America abortion——pro-abortion re-:again;back to the former state unite——reunite use——reuse self-:by means of oneself or itself;of,to,with,for,or in oneself or itself employed——self-employed taught——self-taught semi-:half;partly circle——semicircle final——semifinal step-:not by birth but through a parent who has remarried mother——stepmother children——stepchildren sub-:under,below;less important;part of the stated bigger whole divide——subdivide section——subsection super-:more,larger,greater than usual market——supermarket natural——supernatural tele-:at or over a long distance;by or for television communication——telecommunication screen——telescreen therm(o)-:concerning heat chemistry——thermochemistry meter——thermometer trans-: across, on or to the other side of ; between Atlantic—transatlantic plant—transplant tri-: three; three times angular—triangular cycle—tricycle ultra-: beyond; very, extremely modern—ultramodern sound—ultrasound un-: not certain—uncertain fortunate—unfortunate under-: too little; below develop—underdevelop sea—undersea uni-: one, singer

form—uniform directional—unidirectional vice-: next in the rank; below chairman—vice-chairman president—vice-president 2.常考后缀 (1)名词后缀 -ability,-ibility able—ability flexible—flexibility -age post—postage short—shortage -al arrive—arrival refuse—refusal -an,-ian,-arian library—librarian music—musician -ance,-ence appear—appearance refer—reference -ancy,-ency emerge—emergency expect—expectancy -ant,-ent apply—applicant correspond—correspondent -cy accurate—accuratcy private—privacy -dom king—kingdom free—freedom -ee employ—employee interview—interviewee -er,-or,-ar paint—painter beg—beggar -ery brave—bravery slave—slavery -ese China—Chinaese Japan—Japanese -ess actor—actress waiter—waitress

-ful hand—handful spoon—spoonful -hood child—childhood man—manhood -ics electron—electronics linguist—linguistics -ion,-ition,-ation collect—collection observe—observation -ism Marx—Marxism socialist—socialism -ist psychiatry—psychiatrist violin—violinist -ity,-ty cruel—cruelty pure—purity -ment move—movement retire——retirement -ness dark——darkness happy——happiness -ology climate——climatology future——futurology -ship friend——friendship scholar——scholarship -sion,-ssion decide——decision expand——expansion -th grow——growth wide——width -ure close——closure expose——exposure (2)动词前缀 -en deep——deepen fast——fasten -ify class——classify simple——simplify

-ize,-ise modern——modernize / modernize popular——popularize / popularize (3)形容词后缀 -able,-ible suit——suitable question——questionable nature——natural structure——structural -an,-arian,-ian suburb——suburban Canada——Canadian -ant,-ent differ——different please——pleasant -ary,-ory advise——advisory custom——customary -ate consider——considerate fortune——fortunate -en gold——golden wood——wooden -ese China——Chinese Japan——Japanese -free care——carefree duty——duty-free -ful care——careful pain——painful -ic,-ical atom——atomic psychology——psychological -ish girl——girlish child——childish -ive create——creative support——supportive -less hope——hopeless pain——painless -like child——childlike lady——ladylike -ly

man——manly month——monthly -ous,-ious danger——dangerous poison——poisonous -some tire——tiresome trouble——troublesome -ward down——downward up——upward -y guilt-guilty noise-noisy (4)副词后缀 -ly easy-easily heavy-heavily -ward,-wards east-eastward(s) north-northward(s) -wise clock-clockwise

成人本科学位英语常考短动词短语 1
account for 说明(原因等);解释 His unhappy childhood ____ his bad temper.(1997.6) A. counts for B. accounts for C. makes for D. goes for

take into account 考虑;重视 I hope my teacher will take my recent illness into _____ when judging my examination. A. regard B. account C. counting D. observation

I'd ______ his reputation with other farmers and business people in the community,and then make a decision about whether or not to approve a loan. A. take into account B. account for C. make up for D. make out

accuse sb. of sth. 控告(某人某事) =charge sb. with sth The customer accused the cook ____ using canned potatoes. A. for B. with C. of D. against

The soldier was ___________ of running away when the enemy attacked.

A. scolded

B. charged

C. accused

D. punished

The shop assistant was dismissed as she was ________ of cheating customers . A. accused B. charged C. scolded D. cursed

accustom sb to sth. 使某人适应某件事情 =be accustomed to sth. =adapt sb to sth He finds it difficult to _____ himself to the climate here. A. account act on 按照…而行动 You should act _____ the advice of your doctor. A. D. as take advantage of 趁…之机,利用 =make use of Such a skilled tennis player knows how to take A. use B. advantage ______of his opponent’s chief weakness. C. utility C. chance to B. on C. at B. accustom C. apply D. adapt

Her fluency in English gives her an advantage _____ other girls for the job. A. above B. over C. than D. with

afford to (买)得起(某物);负担的起 We don't need air conditioning, _____. A. nor can we afford it B. and nor we can afford it C. neither can afford it D. and we can neither afford it

Only those who can ___ to lose their money should make high-risk investments. A. maintain allow for 考虑到 C. endure B. sustain D. afford

Our trip takes two hours, but we should allow for delays caused by traffic jams. apply for 提出申请(或要求等) He applied for a post to the college. apply...to 把…应用于 We should apply what we learn in the classroon to the practice. approve of 赞成,满意 If only the committee _________ the regulations and put them into effect as soon as possible. A. approve B. will approve C. can approve D. would approve

assist sb. with sth./assist sb. in doing sth 帮助某人做某事 He asked us to _____ them in carrying through their plan. A. provide B. arouse C. assist D. persist

assure sb. of sth./that 使(某人)确信 The manager assured the customer that his complaint would be seen __ A __ immediately. A. to B. at C. on D. with

attend to 专心;照顾,护理 pay attention to 注意;重视 belong to 属于;附属 In short,__ D __ he lives, a man belongs to some society. A. whatever B. whenever C. whichever D. wherever

make the best of 充分利用… care for ①喜欢;②照料 She doesn’t care for movies about violence The house was well cared for. catch on 理解,明白,变得流行 I didn’t understand anything at first, but now I am beginning to catch on.

catch up with 赶上;指出…出了差错 Aris was in hospital for two weeks, so she’s been working hard to catch up with the others. He spoke so quickly that I didn’t _______ what he said. (1992.6) A. receive charge s.b with s.th =accuse s.b of s.th 指控某人犯有某种罪行 charge: 要价 Urban crowdedness would be greatly relieved if only the __C___ charged on public transport were more reasonable. A. fees B. payments C. fares D. costs B. accept C. listen D. catch

This hotel _____ $ 60 for a single room with bath. A. claims B. demands C. prices D. charges

keep company with 与…交往;和…亲热 consult with 与…商量(协商) contribute to 有助于…,促成 Medical research has shown that the widespread of use of cigarettes contributes _____ the increase of cancers. A. towards B. for C. with D. to

Studies show that the things that contribute most toa sense of happiness cannot be bought, __________ a good family life, friendship and work satisfaction. A. as for B. in view of C. in case of D. such as

Eating too much fat can A. attribute to

heart disease and cause high blood pressure. C. attend to D. devote to

B.contribute to

convince sombody of something 使某人确信某事 cope with 对付…,妥善处理

count on 依靠;期待,指望 You can never____ that fellow for help at a critical moment.(1994.6) A. take on D. hang on cut back 削减;缩减 The factory’s production has been cut back. cut down 减少,降低 We must cut down expenses or we’ll get into debt. cut off 切掉;切断 They will cut the electricity off if you don’t pay the bill. cut out 切掉;删掉 If you want to get thin you must cut out your fat. B. hold on C. count on

成人本科学位常考动词短语 2
deal with 应付,处理 There is no one here who can _____ the problem.(1994.6) A. see off deal in 经营 take delight in 以…为乐 devote oneself to 献身于;致力于 He devote himself to teaching and win the respects of the students. distinguish …from…把…同…区分开 It is important to ________between the rules of grammar and the conventions of written language. A. determine B. identify C.explore D.distinguish B. treat C. deal with D. set up

do away with 废除,去掉

It’s time to do away with some old regulations. do without 没有…也行;将就 If there is no bread, we must do without (it). draw a conclusion 得出结论 drop by/in 顺便走访,非正式访问 Why don’t you drop in and see me? bring into effect 实行,实现,实施 come into effect 开始生效,开始实行 take effect (药等)见效 We are interested in the weather because it _____ us so directly ---- what we wear, what we do, and even how we feel. A. benefits B. affects C. guides D. effects

Once out of the earth's gravity, the astronauts is _____ by the problem of weightlessness. A. affected B. effected C. inclined D. related

Critics believe that the control of television by mass advertising has ______ the quality of the programs. A. lessened B. declined C. affected D. effected

end up 结束,告终;竖着 end up with 以…而结束 It is high time that such practices __________ . A. are ended B. be ended C. were ended D. must be ended

ensure sb. against 保护某人免受… equip with 装备,配备 There is a fully ______ health center on the ground floor of the main office building. A. installed B. equipped C. provided D. projected

catch sb.'s eye 引起(某人)注目 keep an eye on 照看;留意 In the experiment we kept a watchful eye ____ the developments and recorded every detail. A. in B. at C. for D. on

face up to 勇敢地对付;大胆面向 Eve is too young to face up t her parents’ divorce. fail to 不能,记忆 She keeps a supply of candles in the house in case of power ______. A. failure B. lack C. absence D. drop

fall behind 落在…后面,跟不上 His study falls behinds other students in his class. feel like 感到想要做 Do you feel like going to a movie? figure out 计算出;估计;理解 Helen figured out the answer. I can’t figure out what he intended to say. fill in /out 填充,填写,临时代替 Have all the blanks been filled in? catch fire 着火,烧着 do sb. a favour 给某人以恩惠 The professor could hardly find sufficient grounds _______ his arguments in favour of the new theory. A. to be based on B. to base on C. which to base on D. on which to base

focus...on 使眼睛注视,集中 All her energies are __________ upon her children and she seems to have little time for

anything else. A. guided B. aimed C. directed D. focused

成人本科学位英语常考动词短语 3
set free 释放,使获得自由 make friends with 与…交朋友 make fun of 取笑,嘲笑 hang up 把…挂起来;挂断电话 hang on (vi.) 坚持 If you hang on, you’ll succeed. happen to 碰巧 head for 朝…方向走去 identify with 认为…等同于 inform s.b of s.th 通知某人某件事情 Ten days ago the young man informed his boss of his intention to ___. A. resign B. reject C. retreat D. replace The manager promised to keep me _____ of how our business was going on. A. to be informed B. on informing C. informed D. informing

We desire that the tour leader ____ us immediately of any change in plans. A. inform B. informs C. informed D. has informed

We regret to inform you that the materials you ordered are ____. A. out of work B. out of stock C. out of reach D. out of practice of how the negotiations were

The president promised to keep all the board members going on. A. inform C. be informed B. informing

D. informed

take interest in 对…感(产生)兴趣

Through out his life, Henry Moore _____ an interest in encouraging art in the city of Leeds. A. contained B. secured C. reserved D. maintained play a joke on sb. 开某人的玩笑 have no lack of 不缺乏 lead to 通向,导致;引起 =bring about =result in let down 放下;降低;使…失望 I was depending on Esther, but she let me down. let out ①放掉(水等);②泄漏(秘密) I’ll tell you a secret, but you mustn’t let it out. go beyond the limit 超过限度 long for 渴望 fall in love with 相爱,爱上… major in 专攻,专修 name sth after sth 用…命名… object to…反对… to say nothing of 更不必说 pass away 消失;去世;终止 George’s mother passed away three months ago. pass by 走过;(时间)逝去 pass on 把…传给别人 Please pass on the secret word “water” to the next person. pay back 偿还(借款等);回报 I owe you some money. Let me pay you back.

pay off 还清(债款) Some families never pay their debts off. preserve sth from 保护…使…免遭 =protect sth from =shelter sth from prevent sth/sb from 阻止(某物/某人)做某事 =stop sth/sb from =keep sth/sb from Not having a good command of English can be a serious achieving your goals. A. obstacle B. fault C. offense D. distress _____ preventing you from

They took ________ measures to prevent poisonous gases from escaping. A. fruitful react on 对…有影响 react to 对…起反应 refer oneself to 依赖,求助于 refer to sb. /sth. as 把…称作 rest in 存在于,由于 Why do people work? The answer rests in the kind of pride that is stimulated by the job, by the activity of accomplishing. rest on 依据,信任 I have been told that much of the knowledge does not rest on reasoning or on experiment, but on authority. rely on 依靠,依赖,依仗 remark on 评论,谈论,议论 B. beneficial C. valid D. effective

remind sb. of sth. 让某人想起了某事 get rid of 摆脱,除去 save up 储蓄;贮存;节省 search after 探索;寻找 send for 派人去请;召唤;索取 The manager sent for me and asked for an explanation. show in 领入,领进来 show off (vi. )炫耀,卖弄 Do you like people who show off? show up (vi.) 出席,露面 Only nine members showed up at the meeting. smell of 有…的气味 stand by 站在旁边;支持 I am your friend. I’ll always stand by you. stand for ①代表;②容忍(一般用于否定句) The sign“+”stands for plus. We cannot stand for such bad living conditions. stand in one's way 阻碍,妨碍 stand out 突出,显眼,杰出 She will stand out from the crowd because of her height and her bright red eye. stand up for 维护;坚持 “Stand up for what you believe” Roger told John. stay up 不睡觉,熬夜 Father often stayed up working. stick to 坚持;忠于;信守

I will stick to the principle and never break it. switch off (用开关)关掉 switch on (用开关)开启 talk over 商量,(充分)讨论 We talked over the business before reaching the conclusion. tell...from 辨别,分辨;认出 tell...apart 把…区分开 lose one's temper 发怒,发脾气 stand the test 经受住考验 treat sb. as 把…待如;把…看作 take turns 依次,轮流 put to use 使用,利用 come into use 开始被使用 After being tested in many ways, this newly-designed machine will _____ in the near future. A. take its place use up 用完,耗尽;花完 =run out of work out 算出;设计出;制定出 Father is still trying to work out his tax. We must work out a better method of saving water. work at 从事于,致力于 Bob is still working at the new book. yield to…容忍,忍受 We love peace, yet we are not the kind of people to yield ________ any military threat. A. up B. to C. in D. at B. put into use C. come into use D. take action


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