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新课标2016年高一英语寒假作业4 Word版含答案.doc


新课标 2016 年高一英语寒假作业 4
第Ⅰ卷 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 60 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 45 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A I’m a real book lover. Every time my friends visit me, my nose is buried in a book. Wherever I go, I always have a book with me. Novels, history books, stories about people, journals and news—I read them all and I’ve learnt a lot, too. For example, many things in life happen for the best even if we don’t like or understand them. Why is reading such an enjoyable pastime for me? I probably first learned about it from my parents. My mother read to me at night in my childhood and bought me picture books. The greatest gift she has given me is a love for reading. And it will be a life-long habit. No one ever asked me why I liked to read. They just saw me and asked, “Oh? Is that for school work?” And I just shook my head, “No. It’s just for fun.” While reading a good book, I can totally forget myself and fly to another world. It’s like exploring through someone’s eyes, which is just as exciting as watching a movie. Reading is also necessary in order to learn about writing, to improve my use of words and phrases and broaden my knowledge. What a pity to see our imagination disappear, for we don’t exercise it often. Reading can even be good for one’s health, I think. Everyone should read sad stories that make us cry and also books with humor that make us laugh out loud! 21. In the fourth paragraph, the author thinks reading can ____. A. make his parents happy B. finish his school work C. improve writing and broaden knowledge D. help him understand some movies 22. If we don’t use our imagination often, ____. A. it is bad for our health B. we will soon learn how to write

C. it will help us to have a good rest

D. it will soon disappear

23. What does the passage mainly talk about? A. Why do I have few friends? C. Why do I love reading? B. What are my life habits? D. Why do things happen for the best?

B Like most English children, I learned foreign language at school. When I made my first visit to the United States, I was sure I could have a nice easy holiday without any language problem. But how wrong I was. At the American airport, I was looking for a public telephone to tell my friend Danny that I had arrived. A worker asked if he could help me. “Yes.” I said, “I want to give my friend a ring.” “Well, that’s nice. Are you getting married?” he asked. “No,” I replied. “I just want to tell her on the phone I have arrived.” “Oh,” he said, “There is a phone downstairs on the first floor.” “But we’re on the first floor now,” I said. “Well, I don’t know what you are taking about. Maybe you aren’t feeling too well after your journey”, he said. “You just go and wash up, and you will feel a lot better.” And he went off, leaving me wondering where on earth I was. At home we wash up after a meal to get the cups and plates clean .How can I wash up at an airport? At last we did meet .She explained the misunderstanding: Americans say “to give someone a call,” but we English say “to give somebody a ring”. When we say “to wash your hands”, they say “to wash up “. And Englishman start numbering from the ground floor, so the first floor is the second for Americans. 62. The writer’s friend is an _____________________. A. Englishwoman B. Englishman C. American girl D. American boy 63. We know from the passage that the writer went to America_______. A. to meet his future wife C. to spend his holiday B. to marry an American D. to learn American English B. and they mean a some thing D. and they never misunderstand B. didn’t want to help the writer D. went off to get help for the writer

64. Both the English and Americans say “give somebody a ring __________________. A. but they mean two different things C. and they understand each other A. could understand the writer C. couldn’t understand the writer

65. The worker at the American airport _______________________.

C Maybe you have seen many kinds of movies. Here let’s enjoy some movies that can make you have a feeling to travel. Romancing the Stone and The Jewel of the Nile This movie series introduces a romance writer Joan and her adventures(探险,冒险) with a soldier named Jack. In Romancing the Stone Joan goes to Colombia to save her sister who was kidnapped (绑架). The scenes of the film were shot(拍摄) mostly in Mexico. For The Jewel of the Nile, the scenes were mostly shot in France and Morocco. The Lord of the Rings The story is about Frodo, his friends and their adventurous journey through Middle Earth. Filmed in about 150 locations(拍摄地) all over New Zealand, this traveling movie shows its beauty. From the rolling hills to the volcanic region, this is the best movie to see New Zealand . The director of the movie Peter Jackson first read the novel on a train when he was just seventeen. Indiana Jones: The Complete Adventure Collection Indiana Jones and travel are inseparable(不可分开的). Everyone remembers the red line on the world map that shows up on screen when he flies. The Egypt scenes in Raiders of the Lost Ark were filmed in Tunisia. Temple of doom was filmed mostly in Sri Lanka and Macau. The Last Crusade was filmed in Italy , Spain and Jordan including an excellent view of Petra. Unlike the other, Kingdom of the Crystal Skull was filmed almost entirely in the United States. The Talented Mr Ripley Tom Ripley is a working class young man. Because of a case of mistaken identity, he is asked to go to Italy to persuade a rich businessman's son to come home. This travel movie starts in New York and heads to Monticello. The last part of the movie is filmed mostly in Rome and Naples. The locations are beautiful. They also did a good job of showing Italy as it looked in the 1960s. 32. What can we know by watching the film The Lord of the Rings ? A. It is the best movie made in Newland. B. It attracted the director long ago. C. It was shot from Wellington to Auckland. D. It has increased the tourism in New Zealand. 33. What has happened to the writer Joan?

A. She was kidnapped to Colombia. B. She likes to travel with a soldier named Jack. C. She was so brave to save her sister. D. She was asked to write the movie series. 34. According to paragraph 4, if you are interested in Europe(欧洲), you probably watch the film_______. A. Temple of doom C. The Last Crusade B. Raiders of the Lost Ark D. Kingdom of the Crystal Skull

35. Which column(栏) of a newspaper can we read the passage? A. Entertainment. B. Social news. C. Technology(技术). D. Education.

D Are you ever so worried about something that you even have a headache or can’t sleep at night? Do you ever feel a stomachache during a test? If so, then you know what stress is. Stress is what you feel when you are worried about something. When you are under stress, you may feel angry, sad, scared, or afraid —all this can give you a stomachache or a headache. In modern society, most people are under the higher stress than ever before. There are different kinds of stress. Some kinds of stress are good and others are bad. Good stress may happen when someone asks you to answer questions in class or when you have to give a report. This kind of stress can help you to finish things better. Under this stress, you will find yourself have more motivation and energy to study. However, bad stress can happen if the stress lasts too long. You may not feel well if a family member is sick, if you’re having problems at school, or if anything else makes you upset every day. That kind of stress isn’t going to help you. The best way to keep stress away is to have a balanced life. If you get enough sleep and food, and if you exercise and leave time for fun, you’ll feel less stress. 28. Bad stress may happen when you are______. A. giving a report in front of school B. helping other classmates

C. having problems at school D. answering questions in class 29. Which of the following is RIGHT according to the passage? A. Different kinds of stress will help you with the study a lot. B. Having a balanced life is the best way to keep stress away. C. You may not feel well if your parents are talking about things. D. You may feel angry, sad, or afraid when you are doing something. 30. What is the purpose of the passage? A. To tell us how to lead a healthy life. B. To give us some advice on how to do better in a test. C. To tell us something about good stress and bad stress. D. To tell us about stress and how to face it. 31. The passage is written in some ways except__________. A. By raising questions. B. By following time order. C. By making comparisons(比较). D. By making examples.

第二节 (七选五 共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项, 选项中有两项为多余选项。 The Winner’s Guide to Success Do you know what makes people successful? To find out the answers, an American scholar recently visited some of the most successful people around the world. Be responsible for yourself Sometimes you may want to blame others for your failure to get ahead. In fact, when you say someone or something outside of yourself is stopping you from making success, you’re giving away your own power. Write a plan It is very difficult to try to get what you want without a good plan. It is just like trying to drive 57 56

through strange roads to a city far away.

58

Without this “map”, you may waste your time,

money and also your energy; while with the “map” you’ll enjoy the “trip” and get what you want in the shortest possible time. Be willing to pay the price 59 So you must be ready to work hard — even harder than you have ever done. If you

are not willing to pay the price, you won’t get anything valuable. 60 It seems to us that everyone knows this. But it is easier said than done. When you are doing something, you must tell yourself again and again: Giving up is worse than failure because failure can be the mother of success, but giving up means the death of hope. A. Never give up. B. Nothing is easy to get. C. A good plan is like a map to you. D. Here are some keys to success that they give. E. Some people achieve success much later in life. F. You’re saying, “You have more control over my life than I do.” G. Someone else’s opinion of you doesn’t have to become your reality.

第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 15 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 How often do you let other people’s nonsense change your mood? Do you let a bad driver, impolite waiter, rude boss, or an insensitive employee One day I was in a taxi and we headed 2 1 your day? 3 lane

the airport. We were driving in the

when suddenly a black car drove out of a parking space right in front of us. My taxi driver slammed on his 4 , slide sideways, and at the very last moment our car stopped and 6 at us. 8 . So I asked, 5 the

other car by just inches! The driver of the other car looked around and started My taxi driver just 7 and waved at the guy. And I mean he was really

“Why did you just do that? This guy almost ruined your car and sent us to the hospital!”

This is when my taxi driver taught me what I now call “The Law of the Garbage Truck”. He explained that many people are like garbage trucks. They run around full of frustration, full of anger, and full of disappointment. As their garbage place to dump it and sometimes they’ll dump it on wave, wish them well, and move on. Believe me. You’ll be 12 . Don’t take their garbage and 13 it to other people at work, 14 . The mark of your 10 9 , full of

up, they need a

11 . Don’t take it personally. Just smile,

at home, or on the streets. Life’s too short to wake up in the morning with success is how quickly you can refocus on what’s 15

in your life. Roy Baumeister, a

psychology researcher from Florida State University, found in his extensive research that you 16 bad things more often than good things in your life. You store the bad memories more 17 them more frequently.

easily, and you

So, love the people who treat you right. Ignore the ones who don’t. Life is ten percent what you make it and ninety percent how you 18 it!

When you follow “The Law of the Garbage Truck”, you take back control of your life. You make room for the good by 19 go of the bad. Have a Garbage-Free Day! Have a marvelous, 20 the harvest you reap tomorrow. D. obtain D. through D. right D. seat D. lost D. glancing D. guessed D. disappointed D. garbage D. holds D. dustbin D. frightened D. contribute D. doubt

garbage-free day! The seeds you plant today 1.A. enrich 2.A. for 3.A. latter 4.A. window 5.A. knocked 6.A. laughing 7.A. smiled 8.A. angry B. spare B. to B. free B. door B. missed B. throwing C. ruin C. in C. opposite C. brakes C. overtook C. yelling

B. wondered C. ignored B. friendly C. tired

9.A. expectation B. passengers C. goods 10.A. turns 11.A. roads 12.A. happy 13.A. share 14.A. surprise B. pushes B. you B. upset B. spread B. pleasure C. piles C. children C. pitiful C. explain C. regrets

15.A. important B. funny 16.A. forget 17.A. enjoy 18.A. take

C. strange

D. embarrassing D. appreciate D. recall D. notice D. dreaming

B. remember C. value B. exchange B. inspire C. imagine C. mend C. making

19.A. consisting B. letting 20.A. distinguish B. deserve

C. determine D. deliver

第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节 满分 55) 第二节 阅读下面材料,用不多于 1 个单词的正确形式填空(语法填空) Every year,approximately 1.6 million tons of soil flows into Yellow River, China’s second 61

(long) river. The soil contains materials to keep the natural balance of the area. Over time,a lot of soil 62 (remove),which has caused serious erosion of the land 63 the River. In some

areas in Shaanxi Province,this has destroyed almost all the land, and has forced many local farmers 64 (move) to other areas.

65 is a huge job to control Yellow River erosion. Many people believe this kind of work is best done by government or international view. If 67 66 (organize). You may agree with this point of

, it is time for you to think again. 68 have the most important role to play in stopping Yellow River erosion. 69 will 70

In fact,it is you

Did you know the importance of your 5 yuan? For a start, it can buy you a tree,

help make soil stay on the land. On land with rich soil, local farmers can grow crops to make

living, with the money they earn from their crops,farmers buy goods or services. This helps to develop local economies.

第四部分 写作 (共两节 满分 35) 第一节 短文改错(10 分) Last winter vacation, some of my classmates decide to travel with their friends, while I chose to take part-job to gain experiences and earn some money. I learned from my teacher that a nearby company was looking after students with good handwriting to write addresses on envelope. The

pay were 10 cents per envelope. I headed for the company, feeling sure I would easy finish 300 envelopes in five hours and to earn the money. Actually, I only finished 200. Now I fully understand how hard is to earn money. Getting out of the classroom is indeed necessary for we all.

第二节 书面表达 一家英语报社举行征文活动,主题是“我的高中生活”。请根据以下要点完成短文。 1. 校园生活; 2. 收获; 3. 感想。

注意 1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3. 开头语已为你写好。 High school is a golden time in one’s life with great fun and fond memories.

参考答案

第Ⅰ卷 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 60 分) 第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 45 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答

题卡上将该项涂黑。 A 篇: 21.C 22.D 23.C

21.C 细节理解题。从文章第四段内容 Reading is also necessary in order to learn about writing, …… and broaden my knowledge.可以判断答案选 C。 22.D 细节理解题。根据文章末段 What a pity to see our imagination disappear, for we don’t exercise it often.可知想象力的丧失是由于人们不经常去运用想象力,答案选 D。 23.C 主旨大意题。文章开头讲述了自己对读书的热爱,然后从几个方面解释了为什么阅读 成为他最喜欢的消遣方式,由此判断本文中心是关于作者为什么会热爱阅读,故答案选 C。 B 篇:ACAC C 篇:BCCA D 篇:CBDB 第二节 (七选五 共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项, 选项中有两项为多余选项。 DFCBA 第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45) 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 15 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 1-5 CADCB 6-10 CABDC 11-15 BABCA 16-20 BDABC

第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节 满分 55) 第三节 阅读下面材料,用不多于 1 个单词的正确形式填空(语法填空) 61.longest 65.It 69.which 62. has been removed 66. organizations 70. a 63. along 67. so 64. to move 68. who /that

第四部分 写作 (共两节 满分 35) 第二节 短文改错(10 分) Last winter vacation, some of my classmates decide to decided

travel with their friends, while I chose to take∧part-time job to gain experiences and earn some money. I learned from my teacher that a nearby company was looking after students with good handwriting to write addresses on envelope. The pay were 10 cents per envelope. I headed for the company, feeling sure I would easy finish 300 envelopes in five hours and to earn the money. Actually, I only finished 200. Now, I fully understand how hard ^is to earn money. Getting out of the classroom is indeed necessary for we all.

a experience for envelopes was easily to it us

第三节 书面表达

High school is a golden time in one s life with great fun and fond memories. On campus, my school friends and I work hard and play hard together. I'll never forget those days when we enjoyed ourselves in all kinds of activities, such as the sports meet, Science Week and Art Festival. Meanwhile, we have developed our abilities and harvested valuable friendships. More importantly, I am lucky to have met many lovely teachers, who not only teach me how to study, but also how to be a good person in society. As a student of Senior 3, it won't take long before I graduate. I'd like to express my gratitude to my teachers and parents, with whose help I've grown up, benefited a lot and made great progress in every way.


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