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2015 — 2016 学年高二上学期期末英语试卷
第一部分:听力 第二部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,共计 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) A In the far future, robots live on Earth as humans but the population of humans is smal

ler than a thousand. This is a story of a repair robot R -62. One day, a car came to the repair factory and a human stepped out of the car. “Wow, a human! I have never seen a real one,” said R -62. “Humans are quite clever. They’re able to do any action they want to. They’re even able to harm other human beings or organize wars, which they have been doing a lot in the history. Also they don’t even have to follow orders if they don’t want to,” said another robot T -59 quietly to R-62. “How terrible it is! And almost all robots seem afraid of him and don’t look at him directly,” said R -62. The human then sat down and asked if there had been any problems in the last 10 years and he only got a quick answer, “No, sir.” Then suddenly, R- 62 said loudly, “I have one question for you.” The human said, “Yes”, a bit unhappy for not getting “sir”. “Why do human create so many robots?” asked R -62. Silence followed the question and he then said, “I don’t need to answer questions from robots!” He then went into his car and drove away quickly. “I really don’t understand wh y humans replaced ( 取代 )themselves with robots,” asked R -62. “Because they thought that robots were more advanced( 先进的 ) than humans. They created us to support themselves,” answered T-59. “But there are so few humans on Earth. What they should do is take away the robots or at least make them stop doing the work which humans are supposed to do,” said R -62. “I agree. But we can do nothing about it. And now we have to finish repairing this car,” said T -59. “All right, let’s continue.” 21. In T- 59’s opinion, human s are . A. smart B. polite C. dangerous D. stupid 22. According to the text, R-62 . A. dared not look at the human directly B. was not friendly to the human C. decided to give up its job D. hope to live on Earth 23. What can we learn from the story? A. R- 62 doesn’t know what human beings look like. B. R-62 and T-59 are brothers and do different jobs. C. T- 59 doesn’t want to support human beings. D. T-59 knows a lot about human beings. 24. What’s R - 62’s attitude towards humans’ creating robots? A. Frightened. B. Excited. C. Doubtful. D. Supportive. B Dream-of- Jade: The Emperor’s Cat by Lloyd Alexander Illustrated by D. Brent Burkett A beautiful, green-eyed, knowledgeable cat doesn’t follow the Chinese law not to look at the emperor directly. She becomes the emperor’s friend, teaching him how to be a wise and humorous ruler. This story is full of gentle satire( 讽刺 ) and humor and will make an unforgettable reading adventure( 冒险 )

for the whole family. Lloyd Alexander’s many honors include a Newbery Medal and two National Book Awards. Hardcover( 精装 ) . YOUR PRICE $13.95 BillPennant , Babe Ruth, and Me by Timothy Tocher Anyone who enjoys baseball must like this book, particularly fa ns who appreciate the rich history of the game and the interesting characters of the early 20th century teams. Hardcover. YOUR PRICE $ 15.95 Boat in a Bottle Kit Oh, come on, you know you’ve always wondered how those model ships got through the tiny bottle neck. At last, the secret has been revealed! A small glass bottle with a cork( 软木塞 ), a boat, and a set of picture instructions allow you to try your hand at making your own boat in a bottle. The attractive box provides a safe place for your completed boat in a bottle. YOUR PRICE $ 11.95 Kokopelli & Company in Attack of the Smart Pies by Larry Gonick From the cartoonist( 漫 画 家 ) comes this humorous adventure about secret messages, and huge, satellite-guided( 卫星导航的 ) smart pies. Emma has been treated badly by her stepfather. One day she decides to run away to the Kokonino County, where the h elpful Muses live. Unfortunately, Emma has arrived during the Great Pie War, when any careless move could result in getting hit by one of those has pies! In the face.Hardcover. YOUR PRICE $9.95 25. Which of the following may you introduce to someone who li kes sports? A. Boat in a Bottle Kit B. BillPennant , Babe Ruth, and Me C. Dream-of- Jade: The Emperor’s cat D. Kokopelli& Company in Attack of the Smart Pies 26. Who won many honors according to the text? A. Larry Gonick B. Timothy Tocher C. Lloyd Alexander D. Brent Burkett 27. In the fourth book, why does Emma go to the Kokonino County? A. Because she doesn’t have a happy family life. B. Because she wants to have an adventure. C. Because she wants to eat pies there. D. Because she has a friend there. C Sure, it’s good to get along with your teacher because it makes the time you spend in the classroom more pleasant. And yes, it’s good to get along with your teacher because, in general, it’s smart to learn how to understand the different types of people yo u’ll meet throughout your life. “But really, there’s one super -important reason why you should get along with your teacher. When you do, learning bursts right open,” says Evelyn Vuko, a longtime teacher who writes an education column( 专栏 ) called “Teacher Says” for the Washington Post newspaper. In fact, kids who get along with their teachers not only learn more, but they’re more comfortable

asking questions and getting extra help. This makes it easier to understand new material and do y our best on tests. When you have this kind of relationship with a teacher, he or she can be someone to turn to with problems, such as problems with learning or school life, such as bullying. As a kid in a primary or middle school, you’re at a wonderful sta ge in your life. You’re like a sponge ( 海绵 ), able to absorb lots of new and exciting information. On top of that, you’re able to think about all this information in new ways. Your teacher knows that, in most cases, is very excited to be the person who’s giving you all that material and helping y ou make it. Remember, teachers are people, too, and they feel great if you’re open to what they’re teaching you. That’s why they wanted to be teachers in the first place — to teach! Some kids may be able to learn in any situation, whether they like the teach er or not. But most kids are sensitive to the way they get along with the teacher, and if things aren’t going well, they won’t learn as well and won’t enjoy being in class. 28 . In the passage, the author mainly talks about _______. A. how to get along well with others B. the importance of a good relation with teachers C. how much the students are expected of to get along with teachers D. how to make the time in the classroom more pleasant 29 . “Learning bursts right open” in the third paragraph really means _______. A. learning becomes easier for you at once B. you find an opening to learning C. there’ll be more problems with learning D. there’ll be no problems at all with learning 3O . According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE? A. If you get on well with your teachers, you must have a good result in exams. B. The more questions you ask, the higher marks you will get. C. If you have a good relationship with your teacher, you can turn to him when in trouble. D. Many kids can do well without a good relationship with teachers. 31 . Which of the comments is FALSE on teachers and their work according to the passage? A. Teachers are excited even if you wouldn’t like t o accept their teaching. B. Teachers sometimes have the same feelings as students do. C. Though few, there are still some students who can learn even if they don’t like the teacher. D. Having a bad relationship with your teachers does more or less harm to your studies. D A small town in southwest Britain is banning( 禁止 ) plastic bags in an attempt to help the environment and cut waste - a step that environmentalists believe is a first for Europe. Shopkeepers in Modbury population 1,500, agreed to stop handing out disposable plastic bags to customers on Saturday. They said paper sacks and cloth carrier bags would be offered instead. Last month, San Franciso became the first U.S. city to ban plastic grocery bags. Internationally, laws to discourage the use of plastic bags have been passed in parts of South Afr ica and Ireland, where governments either tax shoppers who use them or fine companies that hand them out. Bangladesh already bans them, and so do at least 30 remote Alaskan villages. Modbury, about 225 miles southwest of London, has also declared a bag amnesty( 宽 限期 ), allowing local people to hand in plastic bags that have piled up at home. They will be sent for a recycling. The Modbury ban was the idea of Rebecca Hosking, who saw the effect of bags on manne life while working in the Pacific as a wildlife camerawoman. She said response( 反应 ) in the town so far

had been “really positive”. “Modbury is quite an old -fashioned town and a lot of people have wicker baskets to go out shopping anyway,” Hosking told Sky News Television. The Worldwatch Institute, an environmental research agency, states that 100 billion plastic bags are thrown away each year in the United States alone. More than 500 billion are used yearly around the world. 32. What was Rebecca Hosking? A. A lawyer. B. An environmentalist. C. A sailor. D. A photographer. 33 .The underlined word “disposable” in the passage probably means . A. acceptable B. valuable C. throw-away D. long-lasting 34 It can be inferred from the passage that . A. most of the people in Modbury continue to use plastic bags B. fewer and fewer plastic bags will be used in the world. C. San Francisco is the first city to ban plastic bags in the world D. most countries in the world have passed laws to ban plastic bags 35. Which of the following would be the best title of the passage? A. Environmental Protection B. Big Cities Banning Plastic Bags C. Effect of Plastic Fags on Sea Animals D. British Town Banning Plastic Bags 第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Eyesight plays a very important role in our daily life. Every waking moment, the eyes are working to s ee the world around us. Over forty percent of Americans worry about losing eyesight, but it's easy to i nclude steps into our daily life to ensure healthy eyes. Here are five suggestions for a lifetime of healt hy eyesight: · Schedule yearly exams. 36 Experts advise parents to bring babies 6 to 12 months of age to the do ctor for a careful check. The good news is that millions of children now can have yearly eye exams an d following treatment, including eyeglasses. · Protect against UV rays( 紫外线 ) .Long-term stay in the sun creates risk to your eyes. No matter what the season is, it's extremely important to wear sunglasses. 37 · Give your eyes a break. Two-thirds of Americans spend up to seven hours a day using computers or other digital products. 38 Experts recommend that people practice the 20/20/20 rule: every 20 minutes, take a 20-second break and look at something 20 feet away. · 39 As part of a healthy diet, eat more fruits and vegetables each day. Vitamins ( 维 生 素 ) C and E help protect eyesight and promote eye health. · Practice safe wear and care of contact lenses ( 隐形眼镜 ). Many Americans use contact lenses to improve their eyesight. While some follow the medical guidance for wearing contact lenses, many are breaking the rules and putting their eyesight at risk 40 Otherwise, you may have problems such as red eyes, pain in the eyes, or a more serious condition. A. This frequent eye activity increases the risk for eye tiredness. B. Parents usually don’t care about their own eyesight. C. They can properly protect your eyes. D. Eye care should begin early in life. E. Stay in good shape by taking more vitamins.

F. Eat your greens. G. Always follow the doctor’s advice for appropriate wear. 第三部分:完型填空(共两节,满分 50 分) Childhood curiosity ( 好奇 心 )can last a lifetime and I learned this from my son, Bill. When he was very young, I often took him to the 41 . He loved to read and often needed to 4 2 the books he’d read in order to borrow more books. One unintended 43 of his nonstop reading habits was that he even 44 at the dinner table. His mother, Mary, and I did our best to 45 him that, on certain social 46 , reading while dining with others was not a good thing. Every summer the teachers at his school 47give the students a reading list, and there was a contest to see who could read the most books. He was so 48, and he always wanted to win. And he often 49 . But the main reason why he read so obsessively ( 着迷地 ) was that he was so 5 0. He didn’t just want to learn about 51 things. He wanted to learn about everything. We helped 52his curiosity in every way. 5 3 an unfamiliar word came up in conversation, we’d turn to the 54 , looking up the word, and reading the definition aloud. Thus my son came to realize th at if you have a question, the 55 exists somewhere. All you have to do is 56 it. Bill remains as much of a 57today as when he was a child, and he seems to 58 everything he reads. He’s often 5 9 to share what he’s learned with the next person he meets. He 60 reads at the dinner table, though — which is a good thing because the books he’s attracted to now are increasingly unappetizing ( 引不起食欲的 ): The Eradication of Infectious Diseases, Mosquitoes, Malaria & Man, and Rats, Lice, and History. 41. A. school B. office C. library D. museum 42. A. return B. store C. talk D. pick 43. A. advantage B. discovery C. explanation D. consequence 44. A. play B. read C. study D. laugh 45. A. convince B. promise C. warn D. advise 46. A. issues B. services C. occasions D. duties 47. A. could B. would C. should D. might 48. A. sincere B. crazy C. positive D. competitive 49. A. went B. failed C. did D. proved 50. A. curious B. confident C. diligent D. excellent 51. A. simple B. past C. any D. some 52. A. protect B. develop C. examine D. follow 53. A. Until B. If C. Though D. Because 54. A. teacher B. newspaper C. partner D. dictionary 55. A. person B. book C. answer D. matter 56. A. find B. use C. tell D. ask 57. A. speaker B. reader C. maker D. user 58. A. imagine B. believe C. create D. remember 59. A. eager B. afraid C. careful D. sure 60. A. now and again B. at all time C. no longer D. just now 第 II 卷 ( 非选择题 , 共 45 分 第四部分(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Charlie Chaplin was an extraordinary 61 (perform) who starred in many comedies. Few people were 62 (bore) watching his moustache, his gestures or entertaining reactions. In a small budget film, he played a badly-off and 63 (home) tramp. On one occasion, the poor man 64 (trap) by

a snowstorm in a mountainous area. 65 he overcame many difficulties, he wasn’t fortunate enough. With all the porridge 66 ( eat ) up, he picked out a shoe and boiled it to eat. Everybody couldn’t help 67 (burst) into laughter when watching that. 68 is hard for us to believe that this humorous man was born in 69 miserable family. He is loved and remembered 70 a great actor who has inspired people with great confidence. 61. ____62. __ 63. __ 64. ___65. ___66. ____ 67. ____ 68. ___69. __ 70. _____ 第五部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错 (共 10 小题 , 满分 10 分) 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,在其下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意: 1 .每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2 .只允许修改 10 处,多者(从 11 处起)不记分。 第二节:书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你叫李华 , 打算毕业后到美国留学 , 请给你的美国笔友 Tom 写一封电子邮件 , 内容主要 : 1. 留美原因——增长见识 , 体验文化 ; 2. 目前困扰——语言障碍 , 学业压力 ; 3. 征求对方建议。 注意 :1. 词数 100 左右 ; 2. 可以适当增加细节 , 以使行文连贯 ; 3. 不要逐字逐句翻译 ; 4. 邮件的开头和结尾已为你写好 , 不计入总词数。

2015 — 2016 学年高二上学期期末英语参考答案
第一部分: 听力 ( 共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 满分 30 分 ) 第二部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,共计 40 分) 第一节 阅读 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 21-25 ABDCB 26-30 CABAC 31-35 ADCBD 36-40 DCAFG

第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 41 — 45 CADBA 46 — 50 CBDCA 51 — 55 DBBDC 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分 62. bored 66. eaten 63. homeless 67. bursting 64. was trapped 68. It 65. Though/Although 70. as 56 — 60 ABDAC

69. a

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 : 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 1. considered → consider 4. what to act → how to act 7 passed → passing 10 they ∧ worth 第二节:书面表达(满分 25 分) One possible version : Dear Tom, I ’ ve finally made up my mind to go to America for further study after graduation. I ’ ve been longing to go to America, mainly for two reasons. One is that I want to e xperience American culture, which is believed to be the most diverse in the world, and the other is that I hope to broaden my horizon in this developed country. But to tell you the truth, I have some worries about this. I don ’ t have a good command of English, especially spoken English, so I ’ m afraid I ’ ll have difficulty fitting in very soon. Besides, I may suffer from high pressure from college courses, which I ’ m not sure I can handle. With so many things bothering me, I hope you can offer me some practical advice. Looking forward to your reply. 2.an advice → advice 5. when they → when we 3.experices → experice 6.Therefore → However 9 turn for → turn to

8 have realised → has realised

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