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课堂流程:问候---介绍(用定语从句)---互动提出有关问题---插入牌类游戏(活跃气氛--)--新闻事件(贴近生活) ---总结 Glad to meet you here ,welcome to share my class !Ihope you will enjoy yourselves during my class ,and I will Never forget this wonderful time we’re going to spend together here .Now canyou tell me what shoud be on The blanks ?A what B that Cwhen D where (提问)复习 一个概念 2 个名词 3 个作用 4 个功能 5 个关系代词 解决上面问题 。 新闻例句 The plane carried 58 passangers including 31 from the mainland crashed at 10:40 on the morning of Feb.2nd , (in which) 38 passangers were killed . 总结:解题技巧 1 仔细读题 找出先行词 理清主从句 2 剔除异类词 缩小选择项 3 确定关系词 4 排除干 扰项 (先行词表示时间 地点 原因时)-----2015 02 06 龙门辅导 一、定语从句的概念 在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。被修饰的名词或代词叫先行词,引导定语从句的词叫 关系词 。定语从句一般放在先行词的后面。 二、定语从句的关系词 引导定语从句的关系词有关系代词和关系副词两种,常见的关系代词包括 that,which,who(宾格 whom, 所有格 whose)等,关系副词包括 where,when,why 等。关系代词和关系副词放在先行词和定语从句之间 起连接作用,同时又作定语从句的重要成分。 三、定语从句的分类 根据定语从句与先行词的关系, 定语从句可分为限制性定语从句及非限制性定语从句。 限制性定语从句与先 行词关系密切,紧跟先行词,主句与从句不用逗号分开,从句不可省去;非限制性定语从句与先行词关系不 太密切,主句与从句之间有逗号分开,起补充说明作用,如省去,意思仍完整。 四、关系代词的用法 1. that 既可以用于指人,也可以用于指物。在从句中作主语或宾语,作主语时不可省略,作宾语可省略。 例如: Mary likes music that is quiet and gentle.玛丽喜欢轻柔的音乐。 (that 作主语) The coat (that) I put on the desk is blue.我放在桌子上的那件外套是蓝色的。 (that 作宾语) 2.which 用于指物,在句中作主语或宾语,作主语不可省略,作宾语可省略。例如: The building which stands near the train station is a supermarket.位于火车站附近的那座大楼是 一家超市。 (作主语) The film (which) we saw last night was wonderful. 我们昨天晚上看的那部电影很好看。 (作宾语) 3.who,whom 用于指人,who 用作主语,whom 用作宾语。在口语中,有时可用 who 代替 whom, 也可省略。 例如:The girl who often helps me with my English is from England.经常在英语方面帮助我的那个 女孩是英国人。 (作主语) Who is the teacher (whom) Li Ming is talking to?正在与李明谈话的老师是谁?(作宾语) 注意:

(1)当定语从句中含有介词,介词放在句末时,who,that,which 可省略,但介词在关系代词前时,只 能用“介词+which/whom”结构。例如: This is the house in which we lived last year.这是我们去年居住的房子。 Please tell me from whom you borrowed the English novel.请告诉我你从谁那借的这本英文小说。 (2)含有介词的固定动词词组中,介词不可前置,只能放在原来的位置上。例如: This is the person whom you are looking for. 这就是你要找的那个人。 (3)that 作介词的宾语时,介词不能放它的前面,只能放在从句中动词的后面。例如: The city that she lives in is very far away.她居住的城市非常远。 (4)关系词只能用 that 的情况: a. 先行词被序数词或形容词最高级所修饰,或本身是序数词、基数词、形容词最高级时,只能用 that, 而不用 which.例如: He was the first person that passed the exam. 他是第一个通过考试的人。 b.被修饰的先行词为 all, any, much, many, everything, anything, none, the one 等不定 代词时,只能用 that,而不用 which.例如: Is there anything that you want to buy in the shop? 你在商店里有什么东西要买吗? c.先行词被 the only, the very, the same, the last, little, few 等词修饰时,只能用 that, 而不用 which.例如: This is the same bike that I lost.这就是我丢的那辆自行车。 d. 先行词里同时含有人或物时,只能用 that, 而不用 which.例如: I can remember well the persons and some pictures that I saw in the room.我能清楚记得我在那 个房间所见到的人和一些照片。 e.以 who 或 which 引导的特殊疑问句,为避免重复,只能用 that.例如: Who is the girl that is crying? 正在哭泣的那个女孩是谁? f.主句是 there be 结构,修饰主语的定语从句用 that,而不用 which.例如: There is a book on the desk that belongs to Tom. 桌子上那本书是汤姆的。 (5)关系词只能用 which,而不用 that 的情况: a.先行词为 that, those 时,用 which, 而不用 that.例如: What‘s that which is under the desk? 在桌子底下的那些东西是什么? b.关系代词前有介词时,一般用 which,而不用 that.例如: This is the room in which he lives. 这是他居住的房间。 c.引导非限制性定语从句,用 which, 而不用 that.例如: Tom came back, which made us happy. 汤姆回来了,这使我们很高兴。 五、关系副词的用法

(1)when 指时间,其先行词表示时间,在句中作时间状语。例如: This was the time when he arrived.这是他到达的时间。 (2)where 指地点,其先行词表示地点,在句中作地点状语。例如: This is place where he works.这是他工作的地点。 (3)why 指原因,其先行词是原因,起原因状语作用。例如: Nobody knows the reason why he is often late for school. 没人知道他为什么上学总迟到。

定语从句专题练习 I.单项填空 1. ---Who is the man _______ was talking to our English teacher? ---Oh! It’s Mr Baker, our maths teacher. A. who B. that C. whom D. which 2. I hate the people ________ don’t help others when they are in trouble. A. who B. which C. they D. where 3. The foreigner _________ visited our school is from Canada. A. which B. when C. who D. whom 4. George Mallory was an English school teacher _______ loved climbing. A. who B. whom C. he D. which 5. This is the place _____I have ever visited. A. there B. when C. where D. which 6. Nobody knows the reason ______ she didn’t come to the meeting. A. that B. which C. why D. when 7. The moon is a world ______ there is no life. A. that B. which C. where D. why 8. He has forgotten the day _______ he arrived. A. when B. where C. that D. which 9. He still remembers the days ______ he spent with your family. A. when B. where C. that D. on which 10. Mr. White, ______ car had been stolen, came to the policeman. A. who B. that C. whose D. which 11. He got to the village _______ his family once lived before liberation. A. that B. which C. when D. where 12. This is the house _______ I want to buy. A. in which B. that C. whose D. where 13. This is the house _______ our beloved Premier Zhou once lived and worked. A. which B. that C. when D. where 14. He didn’t tell me the place _______ he was born. A. that B. which C. when D. where 15. He lived in a small village, ______ was a long way from the railway station. A. that B. which C. where D. when Ⅱ、用适当的关系代词 that, which, who, whom 填空。 1. The first thing ______you must do is to have a meal.

2. April 1st is the day _____is called April Fool’s Day in the west. 3. The family _____had lost everything in a big fire got much help from their friends. 4. The house _____we live in is very old. 5. Didn’t you see the man ______I talked with just now?

1、 survey n.__________ 2、 add up __________ 3、upset adj.vt.(upset, upset) __________ 4、 ignore vt. __________ 5、 calm vt. & vi.adj. __________ 6、 calm(…)down __________ 7 、have got to __________ 8 、concern vt. n. __________ 9、 be concerned about __________ 10、walk the dog __________ 11、loose adj. __________ 12、vet n. __________ 13、go through __________ 14、△Amsterdam n. __________ 15、Netherlands n. __________ 16、△Jewish __________ 17、German adj. n. __________ 18、△Nazi n. adj. __________ 19、set down __________ 20、series n. __________ 21 a series of __________ 22、△Kitty n. __________ 23、outdoors adv. __________ 24、spellbind vt. (spellbound, spellbound) __________ 25、on purpose __________ 26、in order to __________ 27、dusk n. __________ 28、at dusk __________ 29、thunder vi. n. __________ 30、entire adj. __________ 31、entirely adv. __________ 32、power n. __________ 33、face to face __________ 34、curtain n. __________ 35、dusty adj. __________ 36、No longer/not…any longer__________ 37、partner n. __________ 38、settle vi. vt. __________ 39、suffer vt. & vi. __________

40、suffer from __________ 41、△loneliness n. __________ 42、highway n. __________ 43、recover vi. & vt. __________ 44、get/be tired of __________ 45、pack vi. & vt. n. __________ 46 、pack (sth) up __________ 47、suitcase n. __________ 48、△Margot n. __________ 49、Overcoat n. __________ 50、teenager n. __________ 51、get along with __________ 52、△gossip vi. & n. __________ 53、fall in love __________ 54、exactly adv. __________ 55、disagree vi. __________ 56、grateful adj. __________ 57、dislike n. & vt. __________ 58、join in __________ 59、tip n. vt. __________ 60、△secondly adv. __________ 61、swap vt. __________ 62、item n. __________

Unit 2
63、 △subway n. __________ 64、elevator n. __________ 65、petrol n. __________ 66、gas n. __________ 67、official adj. __________ 68、voyage n. __________ 69、△conquer vt. __________ 70、because of __________ 71、native adj. n. __________ 72、△Amy n. __________ 73、come up __________ 74、apartment n. __________ 75、actually adv. __________ 76、AD __________ 77、base vt. __________ 78、at present __________ 79、gradual adj. __________ 80 、gradually adv. __________ 81、Danish n. adj. __________ 82、△enrich vt. __________ 83、vocabulary n. __________

84、△Shakespeare__________ 85、make use of __________ 86、spelling n. __________ 87、△Samuel Johnson __________ 88、△Noah Webster __________ 89、latter adj. __________ 90、identity __________ 91、fluent adj. __________ fluently adv. __________ 92、Singapore n. __________ 93、Malaysia n. __________ 94、such as __________ 95、frequent adj. __________ 96、frequently adv. 、__________ 97、usage n. __________ 98、command n.& vt. __________ 99、request n. & vt. __________ 100、△dialect n. __________ 101、expression n. __________ 102、midwestern adj. __________ 103、African adj. __________ 104、Spanish adj. __________ 105、play a part (in) __________ 106、eastern adj. __________ 107、southeastern adj. __________ 108、morthwestern adj. __________ 109、recognize vt. __________ 120、lorry n. __________ 121、△Lori n. __________ 122、△Houston n. __________ 123、△Texas n. __________ 124、accent n. __________ 125、△Buford n. __________ 126、△Lester n. __________ 127、△catfish n. __________ 128、lightning n. __________ 129、straight adv. adj. __________ 130、block n. __________ 131cab n. __________

Unit 3
132、journal n. __________ 133、transport n. __________ 134、prefer vt. __________ 135、disadvantage n. __________ 136、fare n. __________ 137、△route n. __________

138、△Mekong n. __________ 139、flow vi. n. __________ 140、ever since __________ 141、persuade vt. __________ 142、cycle vi. __________ 143、graduate vi. n. __________ 144、finally adv. __________ 145、schedule n. vt. __________ 146、fond adj. __________ 147、be fond of __________ 148、shortcoming n. __________ 149、stubborn adj. __________ 150、organize vt. __________ 151、care about __________ 152、△detail n. __________ 153、△source n. __________ 154、determine vt. __________ 155、determined adj. __________ 156、change one’s mind __________ 157、journey n. __________ 158、altitude n. __________ 159、make up one’s mind __________ 160、give in __________ 161、△atlas n. __________ 162、△glacier n. __________ 163、△Tibetan adj. n.;__________ 164、△rapids n. __________ 165、valley n __________ 166、△waterfall n. __________ 167、pace vi. n. __________ 168、bend n. vt. (bent, bent) vi. __________ 169、△meander n. __________ 170、△delta n. __________


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