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Potential Effect of Conservation Tillage on Sustainable Land Use: A Review of Global Long-Term Stud


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we e f u     o l   r i d s i ,a   o   e u t  r   o d a t r e ry s w i   n  it s i wih r   nd on po ry d a ne   ol o s nd po r r s ls we e f un   fe   a l   o ng o sl  o l t    

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o  o ltla ewa   n p o n m e ha z to a   we  e u r m e t Th   e eo m e t o   e h nie   fs i i g   s o   l wi g,   l c nia i n, nd po rr q ie n s ed v lp n   fm c a z d


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rs s o   n a   t r s i e o i n,a d s i  o ik   f wi d  nd wa e   o l r so n   ol c mpa to t a  e   o t e de eo   c in  h t l d t   h   v l pme   f h r   n   nt o   a d Da s a   nd poo   o ltlh. I a diin,t e c r s i  i t n  d to h   ombi to o  n e sv   o ltl ng a d mo e i t n i e c o ng na in  fi v r i e s i  i i   l n   r  n e sv   r ppi  
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Co NSERVATI oN  LLAG E  TI EFFECT  N    ND  S o IA U E 

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Fe tlz r N   riie   D u  o c n e  n t e s i p sc l h m ia ,a d b o o ia  n io e t  ha g si  h  o l hy ia ,c e c l n   i l gc l v r nm e , her t so   t a so m a    e nt t  a e   fN r n f r - to  n c s r a in i a es s e sd fe  r m  h s  n c n e i na ilg  yse s i n i  on e v to tl g  y t m   i rfo t o ei   o v nto l la es t m .U n e  o e v to l t d rc ns r a i n 

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59   2

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t   o e r a o   h t a e c n e u l ce i c n   e hn l g c l s wela   s o i t d wih r g o a   o s m   e s ns t a   r   o c pt a ,s intf ,a d t c o o ia ,a   l s a s ca e   t   e i n l i   c n to . Fis ,a  a m i  n e i e ,t e de e i   fs i fr iiy ha  n r a e   n io o diins r t s f r ng i t nsf s h   plton o  o l e tlt   s i c e s d e v r nm e a  o   i   nt lc n—
c r   nd e ph sz d t   e   r s i c ns r a i n p a tc s H o v r nc e sng f od p o e ns a   m a ie   he ne d f   o l o e v to   r c i e . o   we e ,i r a i   o   r duc i n to   h s l ys be n a c l ng   o   e di  Chi a’ po l ton a  awa   e     hal e e f r f e ng n s   pu a i


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59   3

f e)i mal r p 1 e t c  y tms i  ih co  e iu   rln   p l ain i l t d a dtmp r — u 1 ns l co .v so k s se ,nwhc  r pr s ef   d a pi t  s i e ; n  e e a    i d o a c o   mi
t ei p c s o   r p e e g nc   a s d b   e i e s r a e c v r m e ni   e i e c v r i  o   l y     ur  m a t  n c o   m r e e c u e   y r sdu   u f c   o e , a ng r sdu   o e  sn t awa s a s c s f   r c ie i     e pe a u e l ie   iua i n. uc e sulp a tc  n a t m r t r —i t d st to   m Th r f r , o de eo    u t i e   g iulur li e e e t   v l p a s s a n d a rc t a ndu t y i   o s r  n Chi a t a   e c st e rs   f e d f iu e n  h tr du e  h   ik o   l  a l r   yi a d t a  si t g a e a lc bl  n   d a e n   h ti n e r t d, pp ia e a d a v nc d,t c o o isa en e d t   n u es c e sula c p a e e hn l ge   r   e de   oe s r  u c sf   c e t nc   a   d pto   fc n e v to   e ho s nd a o in o  o s r a i n m t d .The e i l et   e d f rbe t ru e s a di g o  o lc ns r a   s  ncud  hen e     t e   nd r t n n   fs i o e v — o   to   nd e vio i n a  n r nm e t l o e to t   e   rbe t rkn wldg   ft  o g t r  m pa to  ie s e i c n a  pr t c i n, hene d f   te   o e eo  hel n —e m i o c  f t — p cf   s i tla e p a tc s nd t e n e   o d v l p a r pra e pr c i a  e hn l g e  il g   r c ie ,a   h   e d t   e eo   pp o i t  a tc lt c o o is whi   dd e sng f n il l a r si   na ca   e i c n tan s o s r i t .Am o  he e l i tng s in i c kn wldg   n   v l pi   r c i a  e hn l g e   o lt ng t s ,eucda i   ce tf   o e e a d de eo ng p a tc lt c o o is t  e  i p o l  o wh   n   w  o a p   on e v ton a rc t e t c o o is t tc m p y wih l a  US  e p e kn w  y a d ho t   do t c s r a i   g iulur   e hn l g e  ha   o l   t  oc lS — t i a l a   e m e te v r nm e a  a iy a   l w  rf o   r du to   e ds a et   o tc ii a  a n b el nd us , e   n io nt lqu l , nd a l f  o d p o c in n e , r  hem s  rtc l t o o ee e t . lm n s  

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r nfd c o i g s s e . 1 oi wa e  nd nir g n c ai e   r pp n   y t m .S l   t r a   t o e   ons r to e v in,c o g o h an yil a r p  r wt   d  ed.Soi Tilge Re e r h.3   l la   s a c   4:
7 -9   9 4.

Ca e o ,J r f t .M . o ,Nybo g r ,M .a   n nd Li dwa l l,C.W .1 9 9 0a.D i e e i   e t lz r N  m m ob lz t on i   wo t la e s t m s f r ntalf r ii e   i ii a i   n t   i g   ys e   l i fue c s g a n N  onc n r t o n l n e   r i  c e t a i n. Ca n. J .Soi Sc .70:21 -2 5. f   i 5 2   Ca e o ,J r f t .M . Nybo g,M . nd Li dwa l C. . 9 b.T i a e i o , r a   n l , W 1 90 l g -ndu e   o l ha g   nd r l t d g ai   e d i a s m iard  l c d s i  c n esa   e a e   r n yi l  n    e . i r g on.Ca ei n. J .So lSc .7 i  i 0:2 — 4. 03 21   Ca t r r e ,M .R .1 9 9 4. S r t gi s t   e c m e i pe i e t   o a pt o     o e v t o  t la e n  r e , M t a e e   o ov r o  m d m n s t   do i n of c ns r a i n il g ./ Ca t r Co e v t o   la   n Te pe a e A g oe os s e s ns r a i n Til ge i   m r t   r c y t m .Le i  w s Pub i h r ls e ,Boc   t a Ra on.p p.3 9   —1 . Cho ha y,M .A.an   k r ud r d Ba e ,C.J.1 9 9 4.O v r o i g c ns r i t   o c e c m n   o t a n s t   ons r a i n tla   n Ne Z al nd /   r e . . e v t o   il ge i   w  e a n Ca t r M  
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c r c e it c .Ag on.J.82:80 —8 2. ha a t r s i s r 6 1  

C nevt n T c n l y Ifr t n C ne CT C .19 . h t  o srain Tl g? C I C r    rga   osr i   eh oo  nomai   etr( I ) 9 9 w a’ C nev t   iae a o g o s o l T C, oe4P o rm,
La a e t ,I ,USA. fyte N  
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V01 .1.K e yno e Co r bu i us t   nt i t o .M a r d、Oc o r 20 1.EC AF  nd FAO .pp.1 -1 0   d i t be   0 a   62 7 .

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D o ls uga ,C.L. ,A lmar s l a ,R .R . ,Ra m u s n,P.E. s se ,R a i m g,R.E. ,an   d Roa e ,N.C.1 8 gr 9 0. W he t sr w  om p ii   a ta c oston
a   l c m e   fe t   n  c nd p a e nt e c s o de om p i i   n d y a d a i ul u e oft e Pa i c Nor hwe t os ton i   r l n   grc t r     h   c f   i t s .Soi Sc . So . Am . 3 l   i c .44:  
8 - 37  33 8 .

Ec e t k r .D .J 9 4.T il g   y t m × pl t n   t   n e a ton   n c r   od ton.Ag on.J. .1 8 la e s s e an i g da e i t r c i s i   o n pr uc i r 76:58 - 2   0 58 .

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no i   nd EU  m ca   Pol y Per pe tv s i   c s c i e .Br s l , l um .PP.1 3. us e s Be gi -2  

G vrme to  a a aa d Goen n  f akthw n ( C ) 93 S iWok. n sr tP o ue  y te oen n  fC n d   n  vrmeto  sace a G GS.19 . ol rs Ma uci   rd cd b h  S   p
Ca d - a k t h wan Agr e nto   oi Con e v ton.G CGS.Re n na a S a c e s   e me   n S l   sr a i gia,SK .2 pp. 0  
G r nt a ,C. . d La on A an   f d,G . P.1 9 9 3.Th   fe t    il g   y t m s a d  r   e ue c s o   oi b k  n iy a   n t a i   e e c softla e s s e   n c op s q n e   n s l ul de s t   nd pe e r ton  

r ss a eon a ca   o li  o he n Sa k t h wan.Ca e it nc       ly s i n s ut r   s a c e   n. J .So lSc.73:2 —23 . i  i 23 2  G rf t i h,D .R. i ,M a e i g,J.V.a d Bo nn rn n   x,J.E.1 6.S lm os ur   a g m e t i  e 98 oi   it e m na e n   n r duc d tla e I S a ue e   il g . n  pr g .M .A .  

a dT il tG. .e s otlg n  ufc  ia e r utr. l , e  ok P . - 8 n r e , B ( . pt d )N -iaeadS r eT lg  i l e Wi y N w Y r. P1 5 . l a l Ag c u e 9  
G u6 i,J,Riha d,G . fr ,C. rf . c r ,D i r ,M a h t c e ,J.M . ,Re o ,S.an   c us d Rog rEsr de e — t a ,J.2 001 A  e iw  ftl ge e e t  n  . r ve o  il   f c s o a c o   e i e m a g m e t e dbe   on to   nd s e i  s a ihm e t r p r sdu   na e n ,se d c diinsa   e dlnge t bls n .So fTilg   s a c l  la e Re e r h.61:1 —3   3 2. Hen i drx,P.F. ,Pa m ee ,R . . r le W ,Cr se osly,D.A.J . r ,Colm a D .C . du ,E.P.a   o m a P.M .1 6.De rt   e n, ,O m nd Gr f n, 98 tius f od we  n c v nton   nd no t la e ag oe o y t m s o   bs i   on e i ala   - il g   r c s s e .Bi c e e os i nc .36:3 4 8   7 -3 0.
H us ai s n,I ,Ol o . s n,K .R .a d Ebe ha ,S.A.1 9 n  l r 9 9.I pa t   f t la e a   - i     r m c s o   i g   nd no t l on p odu t o   f m a z   d s yb an on l l c i n o   i e an   o e     an e od d Iln s s l  o m   oi.So l Til g   s a h.52:3 — 9.   r e   li oi  i l a s l t i  la e Re e r c 74   J hn on,M .D .a d  we y,B.1 5 Efe t o   hr e c n e v t o   il ge pr c i e     o lt m p r t e a   he m a   o s n Lo r 98 . f c   f t e   o s r a i n t la   a t c s on s i  e e a ur   nd t r l p ope te .So lSc .So .Am .J. r r is i  i c 49: 15 —155     47   2.

K a s a, . K r s R .F. d M a t e ,J. pu t G , au z, an   t h ws L.1 9 9 6.Co n  il  se a n c nv n i na , e r ye d i  qu li  o e to l r duc d  nd no tl eafe   O e a    il   t r2   ag y as e r .Ag on.3. r 88:81 -81   2 7. K a u tl e,U. an Es r na i ak ,v   ,H .M .a   c nd l e k,R.R ,2 0, S la  m az  es ns   o plw  nd no tla e fe   nd S hi e b c 00 oi  nd ie r po e t   o a   -il g  at r
a f l a t - aie c v r i   n a c a  oa   ol i Ne Yor la f — o m z   on e s on o     l y l m s l n  w    k.So f Ti l g   s a h 55:3 —4   l  la e Re e r c 1 2.


La nd,G .P. o f ,Bo e c o,S. . y t hk M ,Br n ,S.A . a dt ,Cl y on,G .W .a   t M .H .1 6. I lu nc s o  ha i g tla e at nd En z 99   nf e e   f c ng n   i g   l ,

pr c ie     r p pr duc i . Ca a tc son c o   o ton n. J .PlntSc.76:6 - 49  a   i 41- 6 .
La nd,G .P. o f ,Lo pp ,H.a   r s n. D .A.1 92 The e ec softl e s t m s an   r p r a i s o   o lwa e   e ky nd De k e 9 .   f t   il   yse   d c o   ot ton   n s i  t r ag c ns r a i o e v ton, e dln   s a ih en  nd c op yil Ca s i g e t bl m s ta   r   ed. n.J.Pl nt a .Sc.72:1 —1 5. i 03 1  
La , .1 9 lR 9 4.Til e e e t   n s i  e a t o lag   f c s o   o ld gr da i n,s lr s le c ,s lqu iy a d  us a na l y So l Til 口   s a h.27: oi e ii n e oi     al   n s t i bii t t i  la e Re e r c  


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Lal ,R.2 01 The a i  v l t o   f I 0 . m t c e o u i n o   STRO :Tr n i i n i   c e t fc i s s a   e ea c   oc s f o   9   o  00 a s t o   n s i n i   s ue   nd r s r h f u   m 1 55 t 2 0 i r


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M oli  h a a fi   o t lc Oc r qu l n N rhwe tO hi s  o.1.Solp sc lp op te ,r tdit i to an   r i   e d o   o n  nd s y i hy ia  r eris oo   srbu in   d g a n yi l   f c r a   o   b an.So l Til e Re e r h.1 e i  l ag   s a c 4:3 - 58   41 3 .


La pur a 6 ,J , ng s m ln s .A & ,P.a   nd Can e o M a t n z tr- r i e ,C.2 0 0 2.Til g   f c s o   t r s or g   la e e e t   n wa e   t a e durng f lo i   a l w an   n b l v d o   are   r ot gr wt   d yi l   n t   on r t ng s l  f t e s m ia i   g r a r g on i   ai o   o h an   e d i   wo c t a i   oi o   h   e - r d Se a r   e i   n Sp n S l s s oi  Til 口   s n ℃^. 65: la e Re e      

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Cnn.  

J .Pl nt Sc .74:7 — . a   i 9 86 

La n y r e ,F.J ,Br m e ,E. an e . e r ,J z n,H.H. oh t ,J nson,A.M .an   nd d Li wal C .W .1 9  Cha e   n t a1 l 9 7. ng s i   ot ,m i r lz bl  ne a i a e an  ihtf a tons i or a c m a t rwih c o d lg   c i  o l g ni  te   t   r ppi   nd tla e it nste  n e ird s r   ng a  il g  n e iisi s m a i out e n A l r a C a da.S0l h r   be t na i 



Til ge Re e c h la   s ar .42:2 9 2 0. 2 - 4  

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Sc e e  i nc .

21 9: 4 _ 65  58 4 .

Le g, g J.O . t n o d, .a   n t ,O . 1 79 ,S a f r G nd Be ne t L. 9 .Ut l ton ofl eld. f r ii e   y s l ge c n u erc v nton   n   ii i     za ab e N e t l r b   ia   or   nd   on e i a1a d z no t l c t r - i   ul u e.Ag o l r n.3 .71:10 - 10     09   05

Li en, .R ? nd D ,Cl pp,C.E.a   wdy a nd Do ,R.H.2 0 Lo — e m   o n gr n a   t ve   i l s a     l t on o   il g   n   00 ng t r c r   ai   nd s o r y e d   s a f nc i   f t la e a d u r s due r m o li   a t c n r lM i e o a.So f Til g   s a c 56:1 7 7   ei  e a v  n e   e t a   nn s t s l  la e Re e r h 6 -1 4.
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s ut r   be t . Ca o he n Al r a n.J.Pl   c .61:2 ~2 3. antS i 47 5   M al ,S.S. d Nyb r M .1 92 hi an   o g, 9 .Plc m e to   e  e tlz ru e   e o a   o e to ltla ef r b ly S0 l Ti l 口   ae n   fur a fr iie   nd rz r   nd c nv n ina  ilg  o   are i  ln e Re e r h sa c .23:1 3 - 9   9 -1 7.


M ahi l ,S. S.an   ’ li n,P.A.1 9 d O Su l a v 9 0.S lt m pe a ur m oit e a   e t o e e   e i t (   nd   e o a   on e   oi e   rt e s ur   nd p ne r m t r r s s an . u er z r   nd c v n— e tona   il g  n c n r lA l r a.So 2 Til g   s a h 17:1 7 7   i lt la e i   e t a   be t l  la e Re e r c 6 -1 2.



M a e ig,J. .a   nse ,C.R .1 3.W ha  s c s v to   i a e J So l a e   ns ~ .38: 1 —1 . nn rn V nd Fe t r 98 ti  on er i n tl g ? a l i W t r C0 e 41 43  M c l,W .B. Gil ,Ca pbel m l,C.A . ,Dor aa ,J m r .F. ,Pa ,E A .a   n ron,D .W .1 81 S lor an cm a t rI se ul nd A de s 9 . oi   g i  te  o s s I n  Agrc t r lLa i ul u a   nd, ur Di a ea i   r t g O   s pp rng He ia e.Pr .1 t   oc 8 h Ann A l ra So l inc   o k ho be t   i  e e W r s p,Edmon on AB.p   Sc t p.
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R s s n K. . 98 Po g i , i c d iig n  d cdclvt nf  eel isk ,r l tali  ns) amus , J 18 . lu hn dr t rl   dr ue u i i   r ra .Tds  0  a ev( Dai . e g e   ln a e tao oc s P n n h 
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J .89:5 3 67  6 -5 .

Re c s y i o k .D .C .2 01 0 a.Co e v ton a r c t e Gl ns r a i   g i ulur : oba   n r le vionme alb ne t     ol c bo   a g m e t I G a c a- nt   e f s ofs l ar n m na e i   n . n  r l  

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3 2  -1 .

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Chal ng . I l e e .Ⅵrrd Co r s     ns r to   o l  ng e son Co e v in Agrc lur .VoI 1 Ke ot  a iut e _ . yn e Con rbu ins M a i t i to . drd,1 5 Oc ob r  -  t e.
ECA F  nd FAO .PP.2 5 7   a   6 —2 4. Re nni .D .A . d He m o.M .1 8 e an   i 9 4.S lan   e t lz r N  r n f r a i ns un r s m ul t d z r   i :E  c   f t m pe a ur   ol   d f r ii e — t a s m t o   de   i o a e   e o tl l to  e rt e r gi e .Ca e m s n.J.So lSc .64:1   i  i -8.

Rie c ,C .W .a   nd Sm ih,M .S.1 8 t 9 4.Sh tt r  m m ob l a i   ffr iiernt og n  tt e s ra e o   -ilan plwe   or?e m i ii ton o  e tlz   ir e a   h   u f   fno tl z c   d  o d
s l .So lSc .So .Am .J.48:29 -2 7. oi s i  i c 5 9   R ie,C .W . c ,Sm ih,M .S.a   e n ,R.L.1 8 t nd Bl vi s 9 6. So lnir e   v ia l y a t r l n t r   o i uo  n - i a e a   i   t og n a a l bii   f e   o g- e m c nt n us o t l g   nd t l

c n en i na il e c r   r o v to ltl ag   o n p odu to c in.So lSc .So i  i c.Am .J.50:120 —121     6   0. Ri y, . l e H ,Bcre e r s n,T. Ek be g, , e r E.a   dbe g, .1 4.Tr n  n e uc d tla e r s a c   nd pr tc  n Sc nd n vi   nd Ry r T 99 e dsi r d e   ilg  e e r h a   a ie i  a i a a. c

/  a tr M . (d)C n ev t n T l g n T mp rt r A r eo y tms e i P b i e , o a R t n P n C re, R. e . o sr i   ia ei  e ea u e go c sse .L w s u l h r B c   a o .P . a o l     s  
23 4   — 5.

S hnie ,J. c /r r ,Clr ol ,M .an   ah m d Roswal,T.1 8 s l 9 5. M ir bi   om a s a   c i t  n a   grc t r ls lwih d f r t c o albi s   nd a tviy i  n a iulu a oi   t   i e en   or ani  a t rc n e t .Soi Bi 1 g cm t e   o t n s l o .Bi c e .17:61 —61     ohm 1 8.
Sc e u,J. an   m pb l,C . .1 6.I pa t o   r   e i ue     t i n   v i iiy i   on e v t o   il g   y t ho na J. d Ca el A 99 m c   fc op r s d son nu r e t a a l l   n c s r a i n t la e s s em s ab t .   Ca n.J.Pl   i antSc .76:621 62   - 6.

S ho b r ,H . . St i e , L.a   n er c m eg H , e n r J. nd U g ,P.W .1 9 9 4.D e o po ii n an   ir g   yna iso  r p r sdu s cm sto   d nt o en d m c   fc o  e i e :Re i sdue   qu iy a   t re e t .So lSc .So .Am .J.58:37 — al   nd wa e   f c s t i  i c 2 381  .
S o e,E. . t bb H ,Don gh ,D . a y ,M c il n, .a   w n e M la A nd To s nd,J.1 0.Com p ion o   on e t on   d z r t la e o   h a , 97 ars   f c v n i al an   e o  il g   n w e t  ba l y la   d r e pr r e ,f x an   ap   odu ton. /   r h Cen r lW e d Co t o   nf r nc   oc e ng ,Le ng on.KY .VbI 5 ci n No t   t a  e   n r l Co e e e Pr e di s xi t _2
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