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IV. 阅读理解 1 A Ten-year-old schoolboy Alex Mcteer was so angry about having to do homework after class that he wrote to British Prime Minister David Cameron, in the hope he would take action. In his letter, Alex wrote, ―Dear Mr. Cameron, I‘m writing to ask if you will change the law so children don‘t have to do homework, especially on a Friday. I work really hard at school every day and when I get home it should be my time to play with friends and chill out.‖ Alex‘s mother said nobody helped Alex with his letter at all. He just sat and wrote his letter himself. To the family‘s surprise , they soon received a response from 10 Downing Street. A correspondence officer wrote the reply on behalf of the prime minister to explain why children have to do homework and hoe important it is. The letter reads that learning at home is an essential part of a good education. It is not just about reinforcing what you learn in the classroom. A good homework program helps children to develop as successful, independent learner throughout their lives. Alex was very delighted to get an official letter. Through Mr. Cameron did not stop Alex having to do homework, the letter has encouraged him and has made him understand how important homework is. Now, Alex understands better that doing homework will help him have a good future. He still doesn‘t like doing his homework, but he hasn‘t been complaining about it as much as he did before. 根据短文内容,判断以下句子的正(T)吴(F) 。共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 1. Alex hates to do homework and wants to play with his friends when he gets home, especially on Friday. 2. David Cameron replied to Alex in person and told him why children had to do homework. 3. Alex was told that homework helped students better understand what they had learnt in school. 4. Alex was not happy to get the reply because David Cameron did not take any action. 5. Now, Alex understands the importance of doing homework through he still hates doing it. B Whenever he releases a new novel--- every three or five years--- there‘s an increase in interest. His 1987 novel Norwegian Wood( 《挪威的森林》 ), named after a Beatles song, became a classic among young Japanese, selling more than 4 million copies in Japan alone. His latest novel Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage published in April, sold more than one million copies in its first month. The novelist who sells in the millions but keeps away from the public is Haruki Murakami (村 上春树). If you see eager fans waiting outside bookshops in London or New York at midnight, if it‘s not for something Harry Potter, it will be Haruki Murakami‘s latest novel. To date, Murakami‘s work has been translated into 42 languages and appeared on best-seller lists across the world. So why the excitement? Though Murakami‘s books are set in Japan, his subjects of lone-liness, boredom and loss, resonate (共鸣) with readers everywhere. He was the first Japanese author whom readers stopped perceiving as Japanese. You may see some mention of mention of cherry blossoms and other Japanese symbols in the book title but as you

read the book itself, these soon disappear. 根据短文内容,从 A .B .C .D 四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳答案。 (共 3 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 6 分) 6.What kind of writer is Haruki Murakami? A. He writes in Japanese and English. B. He is popular worldwide. C. He takes an active part in social life. D. He won the Nobel Prize for Literature. 7. Murakami‘s well-known novel Norwegian Wood . A. was published recently B. sold over one million copies in Japan C. has something to do with a Beatles song D. Has been translated into 42 languages 8.Paragraph 3 intends to tell us about the of the writer. A. popularity B. talent C. effort D. style C Call it rude, maybe thoughtless, but ―regifting‖ has become a common practice every-where in the USA. Most Americans have done it, According to a study, 54% of Americans unwrap, rebox and resend unwanted presents. Regifting has gained in popularity since comedian Jerry Seinfeld first coined the term a decade ago. In fact, more than half of adults recently surveyed by Money Management International (MMI) find regifting acceptable. If you are thinking about regifting this holiday season, ask yourself the following questions: Is the gift regiftable? Never regift things like signed books. But some gifts are good for regifting, including unopened bottles of wine and inexpensive jewelry. How is the condition? Only new, unopened gifts in good condition should be considered for regifting. A general rule: if you have to dust it off, it is not regiftable. Is this going to work? Successful regifters use common sense. If you are going to regift, be sure you know who gave you the item, so you don‘t return something to the original giver. Do you have good intentions? Don‘t just a gift to give a gift. Be sure that the recipient (接受者) will appreciate the item. Finally, if you suspect that a gift you‘ve received has been recycled, take comfort in the fact that MMI survey respondents regift because they know the gift is something the recipient would really like. 根据短文内容,从 A. B. C. D 四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳答案。 (共 3 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 6 分) 9. The underlined word ―regifting‖ in Paragraph 1 probably means . A. 收礼 B. 贺礼 C. 转赠 D. 回赠 10. According to the text, regifting . A. remains unacceptable to most Americans B. has a very long history in the USA C. is rude and should be avoided D. helps recycle unwanted gifts 11. The author‘s advice on regifting includes:

A. not all gifts can be regifted B. dusty items should be cleansed before regifting C. you need to return unopened gifts to the givers D. you must open the gift when giving it away D So what‘s the big deal about shark fin soup? Does a bowl of soup really threaten the survival of sharks? Well, yes, it does. Shark fin soup is a soup of Chinese origin made with shark fin. It is often served to guests at important events such as wedding and business banquets. Shark fin soup is not cheap – it can easily cost up to $100 per bowl. And it is being consumed in large quantities. Shark fin can be bought either frozen or dried. The soup is often said to have health benefits, such as increasing your appetite, improving your kidney(肾), lungs and bones. However there is no evidence to support these claims and the reality is that shark meat is barely fit for human assumption. It has a very high level of mercury( 汞 ) and the United States Environmental Protection Agency advises women and young children to stay clear of it. A survey in 2006 by the Chinese Wildlife Association showed that 35% of participants had had shark fin soup in the previous years. The current demand for their fins makes it impossible for shark population to return to previous levels. Sharks are at the top of ocean food chain—when they are removed from the ocean, the entire eco-system suffered. Sharks have been around for 400 million years. Are we going to let them die out because of human greed? Would this still be going on? Act now and find out what you can do to help save sharks. 根据短文内容,从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳答 案。 (共 4 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 8 分) 12. Some people have shark fin soup because . A. it tastes good B. it is inexpensive C. it can be frozen or dried D. it is supposed to be good for health 13. According to the text, sharks . A. provide B. are in danger of good for dying out C. do not affect the ocean eco-system D. have lived on earth for thousands of years 14. In Paragraph 3, the underlined words probably means . A. not to get close to sharks B. to keep healthy C. not to neat shark meat at all D. to stop catching sharks 15. What is the author‘s attitude toward consuming shark fin soup? A. Supportive. B. Understanding. C. Unclear. D. Negative. 2 A The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool 0in 1960. Their best-known members, john Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr, were considered by many as the greatest and most influential act of the rock era. Starting in 1960, the Beatles built their reputation playing clubs in Liverpool and Hamburg over a three-year period. They gained popularity in the United Kingdom after their First modest hit, ―love Me Do‖, in late 1962. They acquired the nickname the ―Fab Four‖ as Beatlemania (披头士热) grew in Britain over the following year, and by early 1964 they had

become international stars leading the ―British Invasion‖ of the United States pop market. From 1965 on, the Beatle produced what many critics consider their finest material. After their break-up in 1970, they each enjoyed successful musical careers. Lennon was shot and killed in December 1980, and Harrison died of lung cancer in November 2001. McCartney and Starr remain musically active The Beatles are the best-selling band in the United States. They have had more number-one albums on the British charts. They have received 7 Grammy Awards, an Academy Award for Best Original Song Score. The Beatles are the best-selling band in history. In 2004, Rolling Stone ranked the Beatles as the best artist of all-time. 根据短文内容,判断以下句子的正(T)吴(F). 共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 1.―Love Me Do‖ was the first hi of the Beatles. 2. The Beatles first became famous in the US. 3. The Beatles were a world-famous rock band in the 1960s. 4. The Beatles members quitted their music career in 1970. 5. The Beatles are the thought highly of by Rolling tone B The ―Water for Life‖ Decade was launched on 22nd March 2005 by the United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan with the following video message: Dear friends, Water is essential for life. Yet many millions of people around the world face water shortages. Many millions of children die every year from water-borne diseases. And drought regularly affects some of the world‘s poorest countries. The world needs to respond much better. We need to increase water efficiency, especially in agriculture. We need to respond much better. We need to increase water efficiency, especially in agriculture. We need to free women and girls from the daily chore of carrying water, often to make sanitation(卫生)a matter of vital importance. This is where progress is needed most. And we must show that water re-sources need not be a source of conflict. Instead, they can be a means for cooperation. Significant gains have been made. But a major effort is still required. That is why that is why this year marks the beginning of the ―Water for Life‖ Decade. Our goal is to meet the internationally agreed targets for water by 2015, and to build the foundation for further progress in the years beyond. This is an urgent matter of human development. Together, we can provide safe, clean water to all of the world‘s people. The world‘s water resources are our lifeline for survival, and for sustainable(可持续的) development in the 21st century. Together, we must manage them better. 根据短文内容,从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳答 案。 (共 3 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 6 分) 6.The purpose of this speech is to_______________. A. introduce a TV program on water-saving B. launch the ―Water for Life‖ Decade C. explain the importance of cooperation D. open an international conference 7.Which of the following is a water problem mentioned in text? A. Flood B. Salty water C. Water shortage D. Waste water 8. Which of the following may NOT be agreed by kofi Annan? A. we must use water more efficiently. B. we buse make progress in water sanitation C. we muse try to get more water resources

D. we muse have better water management. C It was 3:30 in the morning and 8-year-old Walt Disney was doing what he did at that time every morning-rolling hundreds of newspapers he would soon deliver in his neighborhood. It was hard word work for a little kid who had to go to school, then deliver another round in the evening. But delivering papers beat picking apples for a loving that‘ s what he‘ d been doing before, on his family ?s failing farms in Missouri. Walt Disney born in December,1901, never had time for a childhood. As a result, he accident----he created wonderful childhood wonderful childhood memories for generation after generation of children worldwide. When the Disneys moved to Chicago, Walt signed up for cartooning classes, working three part-time jobs to pay for them, At 24, he created a cartoon character called Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, which was a great success, He then shifted his attention to mice, or one particular mouse called Mickey. And Mickey mouse became an overnight success. Success followed success, but Walt Disney pushed himself even harder. He produced snow White and S even Disneyland. Everyone said it was too costly a dream, but he wouldn‘t listen. His great world of fantasy opened on July 17, 1955.In the next seven weeks, more than one million people walked into Disneyland. The man who had spent a painful childhood now watched other people walked into Disneyland. The man who had spent a painful childhood now watched other people walked other people enjoy the perfect childhood world that he had created. 根据短文内容,从 A B C D 四个选项中选出能回答所提出问题或完成所给句子的最 佳答案。 (共 3 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 6 分) 9. What can be said adout Disney‘s childhood? A. Hard but enjpyable. B. Boring and unhappy. C. Tiring dut joyful D. Good and unforgettadle 10. Which was Disney‘s fist successful cartoon character? A. Oswald the Lucky Rabbit. B. Mickey Mouse. C. Snow White D. Donald Duck. 11. According to the passage for his cartoons character? A. was given two Oscars for his cartoons B. was successful but not happy C. stopped making cartoons after World War II D. created Disnsey land, a perfect childhood world D Hello everyone! How‘s everybody doing today? I know that for many of you, today is the first day of school, so it‘s understandable if you‘re a little nervous. Some of you are probably wishing it were still summer, and you could have stayed in bed just a longer this morning. I know that feeling. When I was young, my family lived in Indonesia for a few years, and my mother didn‘t have the money to send me where all the American kids went to school. So she decided to teach me extra lessons herself, Monday through Friday-at4:30 in the morning. I wasn‘t too happy about getting up that early. A lot of times, I‘d fall asleep right there at the kitchen table. But what‘s expected of all of you in this new school year. But whenever I complain, my mother would just give me one of those looks and say ―This is no picnic for me, either.‖

I‘m here today because I want to talk with you about your education and what‘s expected of all of you in this new school year. Now I‘ve given a lot of speeches about education. And I‘ve talked a lot about responsibility. But at the end of the day, we can have the most devoted teachers, the most supportive parents, and the best schools in the world—and more of it will matter unless you show up to these schools; pay attention to those teachers; listen to your parents; and put in the hard work it takes to succeed. And that‘s what I want to focus on today, the responsibility each of you has for your education. Every single one of you has something you‘re good at. And you have a responsibility to yourself to discover what that is. 根据短文内容,从 A B C D 四个选项中选出能回答所提出问题或完成所给句子的最佳 答案。 (共 3 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 8 分) 12. Who was the speaker talking to? A. Some school students B. Some school leaders. C. Some educators. D. Some parents. 13. When was the speech given? A. At the beginning of a school year. B. At the end of a semester. C. In the middle of a school year. D. During the summer vocation. 14. T he speaker mentioned his life in Indonesia to show that . A. he was hard working as a boy B. he understood the feeling C. he had an unhappy childhood D. he had a strict mother 15. According to the speaker, what is the most important in education? A. Devoted teachers. B. Supportive parents. C. Best schools. D. Student‘s responsibility.

3 A
A time capsule buried by an apple founder Steve Jobs 20 years ago has been discovered recently. In 1983, young Steve Jobs was attending a conference in Aspen when he and the group decided to bury a stunt. The tube that was filled with various goods--- ranging from the then new apple mouse to a six-pack of beer for the people who discovered. The time capsule was meant to be dug up 20 years later. There was a problem with that plan, however, as everyone involved forgot where it was buried. The final discovery happened at the hands of the crew from the National Geographic Channel‘s reality show called Diggers. CNET reports that in spite of their preparations and clear idea of where the 13~foot~long tube was. it still took them two hours to dig it up using heavy machinery. To anyone removed from the tech Industry, the accomplishment in finding the tube appears to be the biggest accomplishment. To others, the most interesting object would likely be the ―Lisa‖ mouse placed in the tube by the hands of the then~28~year~old Jobs. The Lisa Mouse, which Jobs named after his daughter, was one of the first commercial computer mice sold publicly, making it very rare at the time.

根据短文内容,判断以下句子的正(T)误(F) 。 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 1. A time capsule buried by Steve Jobs has been dug out. 2.The time capsule was buried back in 1983. 3. It took two hours to dig up the time capsules by hand. 4. Bottles of beer were buried to see if they would go bad. 5. The apple mouse discovered was named after. B When Dr Jane Goodall was a kid growing up in England, she dreamed of one day living among wild animals. That opportunity came when Goodall was 26 years old. Goodall moved to the African country and spent 25 years there .What she learned about chimpanzees (黑猩猩) fascinated people all over world. After studying animals for the first part of her career, Jane Goodall began working to protect not only chimpanzees, but all creatures. Her new book, ―Hope for Animals and their World,‖ is a collection of conservation (保护) success stories. Time For Kids(TFK) talked to Goodall about her new book and her advice for young people. TFK: What inspired you to write a book about conservation success stories? Dr Goodall: Because of all my travels, I meet there extraordinary people and hear about these amazing projects, and they really do give hope. The show that we can turn things around. TFK: Why are these stories important? GoodALL: There are a lot of young people who are going out and wanting to save species, and they are so often told,‖ Give up ,It‘ s hopeless.‖ And if we have that attitude ,then soon there will be nothing left. TFK: How should kids who want to help get started? Goodall: Join Roots and Shoots. It gives them an opportunity to interact with other young people. The website at www.rootsandshoots.org is away for them to learn more. 根据短文内容,从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳 答案。 (共 3 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 6 分) 6.According to the passage, Jane Goodall________. A.spent25 years in Africa studying chimpanzees B. is only interested in chimpanzee research C. wrote a new book about what she learned about chimpanzees D. finds it hopeless to protect wild animals 7. In the interview, Dr Goodall was asked questions about______________. A. her career as a biologist B. the development of her research C. her new book and her advice to kids D. her recent trip to Africa 8. Dr Goodall wrote the conservation stories______________ A. to give hope to people who want to save species B. to warn people of the danger of losing wild animals C. to let people of the danger of losing wild animals D. to let people know about a website C

Hiking is a favorite travel form to people. Most of us often go hiking, because we want to, not because we have to. The journey is more important than the destination (目的地) . The reason why we make this journey is different from person to person and from occasion to occasion. Most people like hiking from one or more of the following reasons: Hiking is a wonderful way to explore nature. Most people enjoy hiking as it brings them back to nature. It can bring them to the most beautiful places and into contact with the amazing plants and wildlife. Hiking is easy to start and it doesn‘t require high-tech(高科技) equipment. A pair of good hiking shoes, some basic (outdoor) clothing and a small hiking backpack will be enough to get you started on the basic day-hike. The walking technique is something you have from the childhood, and for basic hiking there is nothing else you need to learn. Hiking is the starting point of other outdoor activities. It is often a part of rock climbing, mountaineering camping and a lot of other outdoor or mountainous activities. Hiking is a year-round activity. In fact, being able to hike in different conditions is one of the activity‘s most attractive and challenging factors(因素) . The autumn leaves, the winter snow, the new green of spring and the heat of summer --- you can go hiking at any season. Hiking is a great way of relaxing oneself. It could be an expensive you share with others or something that you do all alone. Many people take a walk to clear their heads or to think about the issues. Hiking makes some of them get away from the unpleasant things and forget everyday stress in their life. Do you want to go hiking? Let‘s go. 根据短文内容,从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳 答案。 (共 3 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 6 分) 9. The main purpose of this passage would be . A. to advise people to go out for hiking B. to introduce several ways of traveling C. to give us some advice on hiking D. to tell us to hike when we are in a bad mood 10. From the passage we learn that . A. everyone must go hiking in his/ her life B. you can go hiking only when you have grown up C. everyone begins to master the basic hiking technique as a child D. hiking needs special high-tech equipment 11. Which of the following is NOT true? A. We can relax ourselves by hiking. B. People can go hiking only in summer. C. Hiking can be done alone or with others. D. Hiking helps people explore nature. D BILL PERKINS, a Democatic state senator (参议员) of the USA, has introduced legislation (立法) that would ban eating in the New York City subway system and fine frist-time violators $250 (twice that for repeat offenders). MR. Perkins argued, not unreasonably, that eating on the subway breeds rats. Currently , some cities in China are also considering food ban on subway trains, which has sparked a heated discussion, Some people say food should be banned because of the trash and rats it attracts. And, garbage from food can cause track fires. Beyond these concerns, food can also result in quarrels and even fist fights, as was discovered last week by one passenger who criticized

a woman eating steamed stuffed bun on the subway. However, some other are opposed to the idea. They argue that people like eating in the train in the morning because they don‘t have enough time to eat at their houses or restaurants. Sometimes that may be the only time or meal a person may be able to eat especially when traveling long distances. Besides, there are sick people, who do require food at certain times to maintain blood-sugar levels. Personally , I‘m against the ban because of the huge inconvenience it would cause, and the expense involved in enforcing (实行) it . Still, I think we all need to have responsibility to try to treat our subway system and fellow riders with respect, and that extends to food as well. 根据短文内容,从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳答 案。 (共 4 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 8 分) 12. What did Senator Bill Perkins suggest? A. Stopping food from being brought to the subway trains. B. Fining those who eat on the subway train $250. C. Making a law to ban eating in the New York subway system. D. Killing rats in the subway system. 13. One reason for China‘s cities to consider a similar food ban is that food many __________。 A. bring dangers and illnesses B. pollute the air and water C. cause quarrels and even fights D. attract more passengers 14. Those who disagree with the ban argue that if eating is banned on the subway,__________. A. some people will have to go without breakfast B. they will not be able to travel long distances C. people will have low blood-sugar levels D. bad manners will not be criticized 15.The author seems to agree that____________. A. eating ought to be banned on the subway B. it is expensive to carry out the food ban C. table manners are unimportant in a subway train D. eating in public is not related to respecting others 4 A Thousands of fans, now in their lat teens and early twenties, grew up alongside Harry Potter. While he fought wizards and struggled through magic school, they battled middle school bullies(欺负) and exams. The stories have a special meaning for teenage fans ---- particularly those who are ―Harry‘s age ―. The Harry Potter movies are no longer an evening‘s entertainment but that of a lifetime. The beauty of the stories lies not in the supernatural effects, but in happiness, peace and good feelings among friends and family. In the spotlight, as always, is Harry‘s creator, J.K. Rowling, the woman who dreamed up the adventurous story and wrote it to the final page. By now over 400 million Harry Potter books have been sold and translated into more than 65 languages. The whole movie series has earned more than $7 billion around the world. The last one alone has become the world‘s most profitable movie series.

根据短文内容,判断以下句子的正(T)误(F) 。 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 1. Harry Potter stories have inspired many children in their childhood. 2. What really attracts the fans is Harry Potter‘s magic power. 3. J.K. Rowling is not so famous as Harry Potter. 4. Harry Potter books and movies are both ver successful. 5. Harry Potter movies have come out in over 65 languages. B Siri , Whose voice do you have? The question has interested millions of Apple iPhone and iPad fans, who use the devices‘ Siri function for help with everything from finding restaurants and directions to organizing.their day. On Friday, CNN reported it has discovered the original voice. The person had never before been IDENTIFIED PUBLICLY. The network named Susan Bennett, a voice-over actress(配音演员) from Atlanta in the US, as the voice behind Siri, which was first introduced on Apple‘s iphone4S in 2011. ―I‘m the voice actor who provides the voice of Siri,‖Bennett told CNN in an interview. Bennett told the network she worked four hours a day for the entire month of July 2005 recording in her home. She said she was paid by the hour but would not reveal the amount. ―A colleague emailed me and said, ?Hey, we‘ve been playing around with this new Apple phone. Isn‘t this you?‘‘‘ Bennett told CNN. Her voice may also be familiar to airline passengers who have passed through a Delta Airlines terminal. Bennett also provided the radio and TV voice of First National Bank‘s ―Tillie the All-Time Teller‖, the first ATM machine, she told CNN. ―I began my career as a machine many years ago,‖ Bennett told the network. ―I‘m sure that you hear my voice at some point every day.‖ 根据短文内容,从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最 佳答案。 (共 3 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 6 分) 6. According to the text , Susan Bennett. A. is a voice actress from the USA B. recorded her voice for Apple in 2011 C. was well paid for her recording D. provides her voice for many airlines 7. What is the main idea of the text? A. Whose voice Siri has still remains a mystery. B. The original voice for Siri has been discovered. C. Susan Bennett provides voice for machines. D. Colleagues recognized Susan Bennett‘s voice. 8. The text is probably a. A. term paper B. science fiction C. news story D. survey report C How do scientists measure happiness? There are lots of tools out there, but they all take three basic approaches. Try these happiness tests yourself to explore what makes you happier. 1. Ask people How Happy They Are There are lots of tools that use this approach to measure happiness. If a person thinks he is happy, he probably is. One of the most common is the life satisfaction survey. This is a short series

of questions that ask people to rate their satisfaction with life on a scale of l to 7 or l to 10. Much of the information collected on the circumstances that lead to gathered using this approach. 2. Observe Happy People. Some of the early happiness research is based on a study that followed women from the 1960 Mills College yearbook. The researchers studied the pictures and picked out the women who had ―genuine‖ smiles, then followed all the women through their lives. The women with the genuine smiles were more likely to be happily married and they lived longer. This is just one of many examples where researchers use direct observation to measure happiness levels. 3. Measure Physiology Scientists have observed common physical side effects of happiness. From brain waves, to hormone levels, to heart rate and blood pressure, happiness carries markers in the body. One simple tool that uses this approach is a mood ring. The rings change color with the temperature of your fingers. Warmer hands track to a happier and more relaxed mood. Now that you know how to measure happiness, try these techniques to be happier now and see how much of an effect you can have. 根据短文内容,从 A、B、C、D、四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所有给句子的最佳 答案。 (共 3 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 6 分) 9. What is the text mainly about? A. The possibility to measure happiness. B. The techniques to measure happiness. C. The exploration of measuring happiness. D. The tests of a happiness course. 10. What can be used to measure happiness? A. The life satisfaction survey. B. Picking out the unhappy people. C. Checking people‘s blood sugar. D. Giving a test on physiology. 11. Mood rings are used by researchers to _________________. A. mark the blood pressure of the body B. directly observe happy people C. measure the temperatures of the fingers D. collect information about the smiles D What we moved to China seven months ago from the States, we were very worried about what we would be eating, and how we would live. We never thought that we would fall in love with Chinese eating habits and style. We also never imagined that we have lost 80 pounds! We thought we should share some of our tricks with you. Here is the Chinese Diet- five easy things you can do to lose weight. Use a smaller bowl – much smaller Go into your cupboard and find your smallest bowl. Now that will be the bowl that you will eat out of. By doing this you actually pick much less food than you are naturally served. Vegetables are your main course For example, you might have one plate of a cucumber dish, one of corn & carrots, and then another with ribs. Find a few dishes that your whole family loves and rotate (轮换) those. Cut down on your meat & dairy We eat very little meat. So most Chinese. We eat very little dairy. It was hard at first. Cut it down and try to limit it to eggs, milk and yogurt Use chopsticks to eat We love eating with chopsticks and wonder why we didn‘t use them more at home. You eat a lot slower, A LOT

Introduce rice and noodles into your meals A Chinese diet includes a lot of rice and noodles. So our daily diet is no different, we eat rice and noodles 3 times a day. We wish we had known these simple tricks back home that make such a difference in our waistline. 根据短文内容,从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最 佳答案。 (共 4 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 8 分) 12. According to the text, the author_______. A. moved to China to lose weight B. became much thinner eating the Chinese way C. dose not really enjoy Chinese food D. had known much about Chinese food before 13. Which of the following is advised by the author? A. Keep using the same bowl. B. eat more vegetables and less meat C. Learn to cook rice and noodles 14. People are advised to use the smallest bowl to_______. A. eat less food B. eat more slowly C. adapt to the Chinese lifestyle C. experience the Chinese culture 15.The author wrote the text mainly to ________. A. introduce the benefits of Chinese food B. share some ways to cook Chinese dishes C. describe the Chinese eating habits and style D. help people to lose weight 5 A The kiwifruit, or often shortened to kiwi many parts of the world, is an edible berry, It is a small fruit, approximately 3 inches long and weighing about four ounces. The most common kiwifruit is oval, about the size of a large hen‘s egg .It has a dull brown-green skin and bright green or golden flesh with rows of tiny, black seeds .The fruit has a soft texture and a sweet but unique flavor similar to strawberries, melons and bananas, yet with its own unique sweet flavor .Today it is a commercial crop in several countries, such as Italy, New Zealand, Chile, Greece and France Also known as the Chinese gooseberry, the fruit was renamed for export marketing reasons in the 1950. The present name kiwifruit‘‘ comes from the kiwi--- a Brown flightless bird and New Zealand‘s national symbol. Kiwi is also a colloquial name for New Zealanders. Packed with more vitamin C than an equivalent amount of orange, the bright green flesh of the kiwifruit with tiny black seeds adds a dramatic tropical touch to any fruit salad. California kiwifruit is available November through May, while the New Zealand crop hits the market June through October making fresh kiwis available year round. 根据短文内容,判断一下句子正(T) 误 (F) 。 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 1. The kiwifruit is also called kiwi, the same name for a kind of bird. 2. The kiwifruit tastes very different from strawberries. 3. The kiwifruit is originally known as the Chinese gooseberry.

4. The word ?‘kiwi‘‘ can be used to a citizen of New Zealand. 5. Kiwifruit is only grown in New Zealand and some European countries. B In certain countries of the world ,the king or queen is still the head of the country .The UK is one of these countries. So what does the British royal family (皇室) represent for the British people today ? W ell ,a large number of things. The royal family are of course a part of course a part of British history and tradition. They still have an important function and meaning for many people today. It just wouldn‘t feel the same if there were no royal family. In addition to that, the queen has important formal duties: as head of the state,the Queen represents the UK on visits abroad and invites other world leaders to visit UK. as head of the state, only the Queen can declare when the UK is at war or when the war is over as head of the Church of England the Queen has to read and sign the government document everyday. Not just the Queen, the royal family spend a great deal of their time traveling up and down the country in support of different charities. Despite the work the royal family does for the UK, there are people who don‘t believe there should be a royal family. Sometimes the press and media ciriticize(批评) the royal family as well. One criticism is that the British people should not have to pay for the royal family through their taxes. Another is that the Buckingham Palace should be open to the public more often in order to pay for the building repairs that are necessary . 根据短文内容,从 A, B C, D 四个 选项中选出能回答所提问提或完成所给句子的最佳答 案。 《共 3 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 6 分》 6. Today ,the British royal family still represents ------- of the UK. A. the honour and pride B. the history and tradition C. the function and law D. the politics and culture 7. Which is one of the Queen‘s formal duties? A. Visiting foreign countries. B. Fighting in war C. Writing government documents. D. Repairing the church. 8. Why are the royal family criticized by the press and media? A. Because the royal family don‘t do anything for the country. B. Because more people want to visit the Buckingham Palace. C. Because some people don‘t want their taxes to used for the royal family. D. Because the Queen is too busy to meet with her people. C Homeschooling is the education of children at home, typically by parents but sometimes by tutors, rather than in public or private schools. As a matter of fact, most childhood education occurred within the family or community. Homeschooling is a legal choice for parents in developed countries to provide their children with a learning environment at home. Parents see many reasons for homeschool, including better test results, improved instruction, to help the public system with fewer kids, poor public school environment, religious, improved character development, the expense of private education, and

objections(反对)to what is taught locally in public schools. Homeschooling can also be a choice for families living in remote(遥远的)locations, living abroad, and to allow for more traveling. Also many young athletes and actors are taught at home, where a coach or tutor is with the child for many years and then knows the child very well. In some places and approved curriculum (课程) is required if children are to be home-schooled. In some cases a liberal arts(文科)education is provided. 根据短文内容,从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳 答案。 (共 3 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 6 分) 9. Home-schooled children are usually taught by . A. teachers or neighbours B. parents or tutors C. coaches or tutors D. instructors or officials 10. According to the text, some parents choose to homeschool their children because . A. they are tired of taking their children to and from school B. their children are too naughty to go to a regular school C. they are not satisfied with what is taught at local public schools D. they have too many children to feed and educate 11. Which of the following is TRUE about homeschooling according to the text? A. Homeschooling is still illegal in developed countries. B. Athletes and actors can not be home-schooled. C. There is no curriculum for home-school children. 82 D. some parents have to home-school their children when living abroad. D It might help to understand a little about the nature of worry and what it is. With worrying, the important thing is to understand if you can take action that will reduce your worry and help you avoid whatever you‘re worrying about. For example, you might want to study for the test next time! It‘s a case that a little worry can be helpful. You‘re worried about the test, so you get down to your studies. About a quarter of the kids say they turn to the Internet when they are worried. That can be helpful in some cases—like when you‘re on this website, we hope! You might want to use it as a starting point and then talk to someone about what you learned on the Internet. But the Internet may not be enough for some worries. Only 9% say they try to do something about what is causing their worries, and about 25% of kids keep their worries to themselves. Kids don‘t have to tell everyone everything, but if they have serious worries, it‘s usually best to someone who can help. Parents and friends are the top choices, but some kids say they talk to teachers (13%) or doctors and nurses (4%). Sometimes worry gets to be too much. It can make small problems seem bigger than they are. And if the problem is actually a big one, just worrying about it probably won‘t help. Worry can even hurt your sleep and keep you from having fun and doing your best. But we don‘t wish you to worry about worrying! 根据短文内容,从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最 佳答案。 (共 3 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 6 分) 12. Worry might be useful because . A. it can help you sleep longer than ever B. it can help you get in touch with your teacher

C. it can make you more pleased D. it can make you work harder at your lessons 13. Where can you probably read this passage? A. In a newspaper. B. In a book. C. In a magazine. D. On the Internet. 14. Which of the following is TRUE according to this passage? A. It is right to find out the reason why you are worried. B. Most students talk to their teachers when they are worried. C. The Internet is always helpful every time you are worried. D. Worry can make big problems smaller than they are. 15. What can be the best title for this passage? A. Sometimes worry is helpful to you. B. Do something with your worry. C. Many children are seriously worried. D. Worry about worrying.

A Mahatma Gandhi once said, ―The greatness of a nation be judged by the way its animals are treated.‖ There is no doubt that china is a country with high moral values. It has never attacked social and economic welfare of its people. Bet when it come to animal rights ,china may fail Gandhi test .there are on laws against the killing of dogs and the sale of dog meat in china .In fact the serving of dog meat in Chinese restaurants has increased in recent years. People who eat dog meat argue that dogs have been eaten in china for thousands of years and dog meat has ―health benefits‖. There is, however, a strong argument eating dogs. Recently, some Chinese animal rights activists stopped a truck carrying about 500 dogs and saved the poor animals from being sold and served as food in restaurants. These people insist that dogs are not be eaten but loved. 根据短文内容,判断以下句子的正(T)误(F) 。 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 1. china has only one law to ban killing and eating dogs. 2. china has a long history of eating dogs. 3. More dog meat is served in Chinese restaurants in recent years. 4. No one believes that eating dogs is beneficial to health. 5. Recently some people stopped a truck and saved about 500 dogs. B This page is intended to give students an idea on what to expect at a university interview and to advise them on how to successfully pass this process. Interview sessions can typically last anywhere between 20 minutes to 1 hour. During this time applicants will net only be assessed on the answers they give but will also be judged on their overall performance, personality and ability to handle open ended questions. The following are general tips for the interview process. Show your enthusiasm Try to appear enthusiastic, this can be seen as a positive sign by interviewers. Question clarification If you have not heard or understood a question clearly then do not be afraid to ask for it to be

repeated. Your voice Maintain a clear voice when answering questions, mumbling and not giving clear can create an immediate bad impression. Preparing before the interview Practice with a friend. If possible, do this in a room with a chair and table to make it as lifelike as possible. Have some of your own question ready beforehand. This is just in case you are asked if you have anything you would like to ask the interviewer. Also, read questions on what you have written in it. Last but not lest, before the interview, list your strengths and weaknesses and make a mental note of them 根据短文内容,从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳 答案。 (共 3 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 6 分) 6.This text is written mainly to advise students on . A. how to pass a job interview B. what to prepare before being interviewed C. how to handle a university interview D. what to do apply to a university 7.what does the author say about a typical interview? A. It usually lasts over an hour. B. It assesses the interviewees on their answers only. C. It judges the interviewers‘ overall ability. D. It is as important as the application form. 8.which is NOT recommended by the author in the text? A. Looking enthusiastic. B. Asking the interviewers to repeat the question. C. Giving unclear answers. D. Preparing some question to ask the interviewers. C With tomatoes at one end and potatoes at the other, it look like the product of some laboratory. But far from being the latest GM monster(转基因怪物), it is entirely natural. Called the Tom Tato, each plant can produce more than 500 sweet cherry tomatoes as well as some white potatoes. It is created using a hi-tech grafting (嫁接) process and just went on sale to gardeners in the UK for the first time. It began 15 years ago when Paul Hansord, a horticultural(园艺的)director, was on a trip to the US. He spotted a potato plant growing separately under a tomato plant and learned that it is possible to graft the two together because they belong to the same family. His biggest problem was how to produce the ides so the plants could be sold commercially. The problem had been how to produce tiny potato plants which have stems (茎)the same Thickness as tomatoes, so that the two can be joined together perfectly . But after a process of trial and error, and with the help of grafting specialists, they hit upon a method using a variety of potato that produces the tight size shoot. Careful variations in the temperature at which the tomato and potato ate grown are also made to ensure the two plants are a perfect match before being joined together. 根据短文内容,从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最 佳答案。 (共 3 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 6 分)

9. The text mainly tells us about . A. a GM monster B. a plant called Tom Tato C. a new variety of fruit D. a laboratory experiment 10. Paul Hansord first got the grafting idea when . A. he was visiting the USA B. he was studying grafting C. he saw cherry tomatoes for the first time D. he discovered a natural Tom Tato 11. The problems of developing the new plant include . A. lacking financial support B. finding a place to grow it C. having no grafting specialists D. producing tiny potato plants D The 2016Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXXI Olympiad, is a major international multi-sport event. The host city of the Games will be Rio de Janeiro, Brazil as announced at the 121st IOC Session held in Copenhagen, Denmark, on October 2, 2009. They are scheduled to be held from August 5 to 21, 2016, making them the first Summer Olympics to be held during the host city‘s wintertime. This will mark the first time a South American city hosts the event, and also the first time a Portuguese-speaking country hosts the event. ―The world has recognized that the time has come for Brazil,‖ said President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva. There have been questions about Rio‘s bid because of the high level of violence which so often scars the city‘s image, but in one glorious moment that was all set to one side for a truly Brazilian party. In his speech earlier, President Lula had promised, ―Rio will deliver an unforgettable Games. You will see for yourselves the passion, the energy and the creativity of the Brazilian people.‖ ―It will not be just Brazil‘s Games but South America‘s. It will serve to inspire the 180 million young people on the continent. It is time to redress the balance. It is time to light the Olympic flame in tropical country.‖ Rio plans to stage all the competitions inside the city, bringing ―dynamics to the Games and facilitating the athletes‘ interaction‖, according to the bid website. The 2016 Summer Olympic programme features 28 sports and a total of 42 disciplines. 根据短文内容,从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳 答案。 (共 4 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 8 分) 12. which of the following is NOT true about the 2016 Olympics? A. It will be the fist time for the Olympics to come to come to South America. B. It will be the Games of the 30th Olympiad C. They will be held in the host country‘s wintertime. D. They will be the first Olympics in a Portuguese-speaking country. 13. Where did Brazil win the bidding for the 2016 Olympics? A. In Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. B. In Copenhagen, Denmark. C. In a South African city. D. In a tropical country. 14. There have been doubts about Rio de Janciro‘s bid because of its . A. violence rate B. poor equipment C. unpleasant weather D. language barriers 15. What did the Brazilian president promise in his speech? A. The world will recognize Rio‘s success.

B. The Brazilian people will be supportive. C. The Rio Olympics will be unforgettable games. D. More events will be added to Olympics 7 A A lady in a faded grey dress and her husband, walked into the Harvard University president‘s outer office.. ―We want to see the president,‖ the man said softly. The president met with the couple. The lady told him, ―We had a son who attended Harvard for one year. He loved Harvard. He was happy here. But about a year ago, he was accidentally killed. We would like to build a memorial (纪念物) to him, somewhere on campus.‖ The president wasn‘t touched. ―Madam, we can‘t put up a statue for every person who attended Harvard and died.‖ ―Oh, no,‖ the lady explained. ―We don‘t want a statue. We thought we would like to give a building to Harvard.‖ The president rolled his eyes, ―A building! Do you have any idea how much a building costs?‖ For a moment the lady was silent. Then she turned to her husband and said quietly,‖ How much does it cost to start a university? Why don‘t we just start our own?‖ Her husband nodded. Mr. and Mrs. Stanford get up and walked away, traveling to California where they established Stanford University, a memorial to their son. 87 根据短文内容,判断以下句子的正(T)误(F) 。 (共 5 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 1. Mr. and Mrs. Stanford wend to Harvard University to see the president. 2. They wanted to build a statue in memory of their son 3. The president was interested in their idea 4. They couldn‘t afford to give a building to Harvard 5. They started Stanford University in California B In an interview ,Nr Bush described the moment when he was told that a second passenger jet had hit New York‘s world Trade Center The then president was visiting a Florida classroom at the time of the 9\11 attacks, and the incident was caught by television cameras. My. Bush had already been informed that a plane had struck the South Tower just as he was about to enter the classroom. ―At first I thought it was a light. My reaction was, either the weather was bed or something extraordinary happened to the pilot.‖ My. Bush recalled. ―I then informed come of my staff members to provide help to New City, whatever help they needed to take care of this incident, and then walked into the classroom.‖ He recalled learning of the attacks while reading to the schoolchildren--and continuing to

read ―The Pet Goat‖ for several minutes because he ―didn‘t want to scare the kids‖ and ―wanted to keep a sense of calm.‖ ―September the 11th caused me to make many decisions, some of which were extremely controversial (有争议的), all of which were designed to protect the homeland. I did n‘ t have a strategy,‖ he said.‖ I was living day by day.‖ 根据短文内容,从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子 的最佳答案。 (共 3 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 6 分) 6. What was Mr. Bush doing when the second plane hit World Trade Center? A. He was about to walk into a classroom. B. He was reading with some schoolchildren. C. He was visiting a university in Florida. D. He was being interviewed by a TV reporter. 7. What was Mr. Bush‘s first reaction to the attack of the South Tower? A. It was an accident. B. It was a terrorist attack. C. It was a joke. D. It was a rumour. 8. What did Mr. Bush do first reaction to attack of the South Tower? A. He decided to stop the visit. B. He made many important decisions. C. He continued to read the story. D. He went back to New York City. C Earth Day is a day that is meant to inspire awareness for the Earth‘s natural environment. It is the day to highlight the fact that we all have a responsibility to the environment and need to change our behavior to improve the quality of our air, earth and water. Global awareness of the need to protect the environment has grown greatly since 20 million people in the United States marked the first Earth Day on April 22,1970. That was started at the time of the destruction caused by an oil spill (漏油) along the coast of southern California, which killed marine life and about 10,000 birds. The incident was a wake-up call for the need to protect the Earth. But similar disasters have continued to happen. Having one day to protect the Earth‘s resources is clearly more than necessary. However, efforts need to be made by individuals of a country instead of just the government. Solving environmental problems is a personal responsibility. Some of us don‘t think that reusing grocery bags and recycling water bottles can help improve the quality of our air, land and water. But this is an easy place to make a difference when we celebrate Earth Day. 根据短文内容,从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最 佳答案。 (共 3 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 6 分) 9. The first Earth Day started . A. when 20 million Americans gathered to clean the ocean B. when the US government realized the importance of environmental protection C. when a great many marine life and birds died of diseases D. when the coast of southern California was polluted 10. According to the author, what can people do to celebrate Earth Day? A. They can change their attitude toward the earth. B. They can tell other people to change their behavior. C. They can make their own effort to improve the environment.

D. They can urge the government to take action. 11. Which of the following is mentioned as a way of protection the environment? A. Using grocery bags mere than once. B. Remembering Earth Day every year. C. Refusing to use water bottles. D. Avoiding oil spill accidents. D Open Yale Courses provides lectures and other materials from selected Yale College courses to the public free of charge via the Internet. The courses include humanities, social sciences, and physical and biological sciences. Open Yale Courses provides free and open access to a selection of introductory courses taught by distinguished teachers and scholars at Yale University. The aim of the project is to expand access to educational materials for all who wish to learn. Registration is not required. NO course credit,degree,of certificate is available。 The online courses are designed for a wide range of people around the world,among them self-directed and life-long learners,educators,and high school and college students. The web Interface allows users,in effect,to audit (听课)Yale undergraduate courses. It also gives the User a wide variety of other options, for example, downloading, redistributing, and remixing Course materials. Each course includes a full set of class lectures produced in high-quality video. The lectures are available as downloadable videos, and an audio-only version is also offered. All lectures were recorded in the Yale College classroom. We welcome you to explore Open Yale Courses where you can discover a wide range of timely and timeless topics taught by Yale professors, each with a unique perspective and an individual interpretation of a particular field of study. We hope the lectures and other course materials, which reflect the values of a Yale liberal arts education, inspire your own critical thinking and creative imagination. 根据短文内容,从 A.B.C.D 四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳答 案。 (共 4 小题;每题 2 分,满分 8 分) 12. According to the text, open Yale Courses . A. are taught by professors worldwide B. are available via Internet free of charge B. can not be downloaded from the website D. are partly recorded in Yale classrooms. 13. Who are Open Yale courses designed for? A. Educators and college students. B. Middle school and high school students. C. University professors and scholars. D. School leaders and administrators. 14. By taking Open Yale Courses, learners are able to_____________. A. register for a course of social sciences B. acquire an undergraduate degree C. become life-long learners C. audit some Yale courses 15. The purpose of Open Yale Courses is to______________. A. provide free online courses to the public B. attract more and more students to attend Yale C. encourage Yale professors to teach better D. create educational materials in the form of videos

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