英德市一中 2015-2016 学年第一学期 高二英语月考（一）试题 （本试卷满分 150 分。用时 120 分钟。 ） 命题人：谢玉玲 审核人：吴基文 第一部分 阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A Peter loved to shop used a
rticles. Almost a month ago, he bought popular word game that used little pieces of wood with different letters on them. As he was purchasing it, the salesgirl said, “Uh, look, the game box haven’t even been opened yet. That might be worth some money. ” Peter examined the box, and, sure enough, it was completely covered in factory-sealed plastic. And he saw a date of 1973 on the back of the box. “You should put that up for auction (拍卖) on the Internet, and see what happens.” the salesgirl said. “Yes, you’re right. People like something rare.” Peter agreed, “I can’t imagine there being very many unopened boxes of this game still around 40 years later.” “Don’t forget to tell me if you sell it.” the salesgirl smiled. “No problem.” Peter said. After he got home, Peter went online to several auction websites looking for his game. But he couldn’t find it. Then he typed in the name of the word game and hit Search. The search result was 543 websites containing information about the changes of the game. Over the years, the game had been produced using letters in different sizes and game boards in different colors. He also found some lists of game fans looking for various versions of the game. Peter emailed some of them, telling them what he had. Two weeks later, Peter went back to the shop. “Hello. Do you still remember the unopened word game?”
The salesgirl looked at him for a second, then recognized him and said, “Oh, hi!” “I’ve got something for you,” Peter said. “I sold the game and made $1,000. Thank you for your suggestion.” He handed her three $ 100 bills. “Wow!” the salesgirl cried out. “Thank you, I never expected it.” 1. Which of the following best describes Peter’s word game? A. It was made around 40 years ago. B. It had game boards in different sizes. C. It was kept in a plastic bag with a seal. D. It had little pieces of wood in different colors. 2. What did the salesgirl probably think of Peter’s word game? A. Old and handy. C. Classic and attractive. B. Rare and valuable. D. Colorful and interesting
3. Peter got the names of the game fans from _________. A. an auction C. a game shop B. the Internet D. the second-hand shop
4. What happened at the end of the story? A. Peter gave the girl $300 as a reward. friend. C. Peter returned the word game for $ 1,000. to see Peter again. 5. What is the main theme of the story? A. It’s important to keep a promise. other people’s happiness. C. We should be grateful for the help from others. a large amount of money. B When I was nine years old, I loved to go fishing with my dad. But the only thing that wasn’t very fun about it was that he could catch many fish while I couldn’t D. Something rare is worth B. It’s great to share in D. The salesgirl felt confused B. The salesgirl became Peter’s
catch anything. I usually got pretty upset and kept asking him why. He always answered, “Son, if you want to catch a fish, you have to think like a fish”, I remember being even more upset then because, “I’m not a fish!” I didn’t know how to think like a fish. Besides, I reasoned, how could what I think influence what a fish does? As I got a little older I began to understand what my dad really meant. So, I read some books on fish. And I even joined the local fishing club and started attending the monthly meetings. I learned that a fish is a cold-blooded animal and therefore is very sensitive to water temperature. That is why fish prefer shallow water to deep water because the former is warmer. Besides, water is usually warmer in direct sunlight than in the shade. Yet, fish don’t have any eyelids(眼皮) and the sun huts their eyes? The more I understood fish, the more I became effective at finding and catching them.. When I grew up and entered the business world, I remember hearing my first boss say, “We all need to think like sales people.” But it didn’t completely make sense. My dad never once said, “If you want to catch a fish you need to think like a fisherman.” What he said was, “You need to think like a fish.” Years later, with great efforts to promote long-term services to people much older and richer than me, I gradually learned what we all need is to think more like customers. It is not an easy job. I will show you how in the following chapters. 6. Why was the author upset in fishing trips when he was nine? A. He could not catch a fish. C. His father did not teach him fishing. his father did. 7. What did the author’s father really mean? A. To read about fish. C. To understand what fish think. B. To learn fishing by oneself. D. To study fishing in many ways. B. His father was not patient with him. D. He could not influence a fish as
8. According to the author, fish are most likely to be found _________. A. in deep water on sunny days C. in shallow water under sunlight B. in deep water on cloudy days D. in shallow water under waterside
trees. 9. After entering the business world, the author found _________. A. it easy to think like a customer inspiring C. his first boss’s sales ideas reasonable services to poor people 10. This passage most likely comes from _________. A. a fishing guide C. a novel on childhood B. a popular sales book D. a millionaire’s biography C Science can't explain the power of pets, but many studies have shown that the company of pets can help lower blood pressure and raise chances of recovering from a heart attack, reduce loneliness and spread all-round good cheer. Any owner will tell you how much joy a pet brings. For some, an animal provides more comfort than a husband/wife. A 2002 study by Karen Allen of the State University of New York measured stress(紧张) levels and blood pressure in people—half of them pet owners—while they performed 5 minutes of mental arithmetic(心算) or held a hand in ice water. Subjects completed the tasks alone, with a husband/wife, a close friend or with a pet. People with pets did it best. Those tested with their animal friends had smaller change in blood pressure and returned most quick to base line heart rates. With pets in the room, people also made fewer math mistakes than when doing in front of other companions. It seems people feel more relaxed around pets, says Allen, who thinks it may be because pets don't judge. A study reported last fall suggests that having a pet dog not only raises your spirits but may also have an effect on your eating habits. Researchers at Northwestern Memorial Hospital spent a year studying 36 fat people and their equally fat dogs on diet-and-exercise programs; a separate group of 56 people without pets were put on a diet program. On average, people lost about 11 pounds, or 5% of their body weight. Dog owners didn't lose any more weight than those without dogs but, say researchers, got more exercise overall—mostly with their dogs—and found it worth doing. 11. The underlined word “subjects” refers to ______. A. what students learned at school B. people that were studied D. it difficult to sell B. his father’s fishing advice
C. those who had pets with them
D. those people without pets
12. A person with heart disease has a better chance of getting well if _______. A. he has a pet companion C. he often does mental arithmetic B. he has less stress of work D. he is taken care of by his family
13. Why did the people do better with pets around when facing stressful tasks? A. They have lower blood pressure. C. They are less nervous. B. They become more patient. D. They are in higher spirits.
14. The research mentioned in the last paragraph reports that ________. A. people with dogs did more exercise B. dogs lost the same weight as people did C. dogs liked exercise much more than people did D. people without dogs found the program unhelpful 15. What does the text mainly discuss? A. What pets bring to their owners. C. People's opinions of keeping pets. B. How pets help people calm down. D. Pet's value in medical research.
D It was once common to regard Britain as a society with class distinction. Each class had unique characteristics. In recent years, many writers have begun to speak the 'decline of class' and 'classless society' in Britain. And in modern day consumer society everyone is considered to be middle class. But pronouncing the death of class is too early. A recent wide-ranging society of public opinion found 90 percent of people still placing themselves in particular class; 73 percent agreed that class was still a vital part of British society; and 52 percent thought there were still sharp class differences. Thus, class may not be culturally and politically obvious, yet it remains an important part of British society. Britain seems to have a love of stratification. One unchanging aspect of a British person's class position is accent. The words a person speaks tell her or his class. A study of British accents during 1970s found that a voice sounding like a BBC newsreader was viewed as the most attractive voice,
Most people said this accent sounded 'educated' and 'soft'. The accents placed at the bottom in this study, on the other hand, were regional（地区的）city accents. These accents were seen as 'common' and 'ugly'. However, a similar study of British accents in the US turned these results upside down and placed some regional accents as the most attractive and BBC English as the least. This suggests that British attitudes towards accent have deep roots and are based on class prejudice. In recent years, however, young upper middle-class people in London, have begun to adopt some regional accents, in order to hide their class origins. This is an indication of class becoming unnoticed. However, the 1995 pop song 'Common People' puts forward the view that though a middle-class person may 'want to live like common people' they can never appreciate the reality of a working-class life. 16. A recent study of public opinion shows that in modern Britain ________. A. it is time to end class distinction B. most people belong to middle class C. it is easy to recognize a person’s class D. people regard themselves socially different 17. The word stratification in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ________. A. Variety C. authority B. most people belong to middle class D. qualification
18. The study in the US showed that BBC English was regarded as _________. A. Regional C. prejudiced B. educated D. unattractive
19. British attitudes towards accent _________. A. have a long tradition C. are shared by the Americans B. are based on regional status D. have changed in recent years
20. What is the main idea of the passage? A. The middle class is expanding B. A person’s accent reflects his class C. Class is a key part of British society
D. Each class has unique characteristics.
英语知识运用（共四节， 满分 85 分）
第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（ A, B, C, D）中，选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 As a general rule, all forms of activity lead to boredom when they are performed on a routine(常规)basis. As a matter of fact, we can see this 21 of all 22 at work in people 23 toys
. For example, on Christmas morning, children are excited about soon wears off and by January those 25
with their new toys. But their 24
can be found put away in the basement. The world is full of 26 stamp albums and unfinished models, each standing as a monument to someone’s 27 interest. When
parents bring home a pet, their child 28 bathes it and brushes its fur. Within a short time, however, the 29 of caring for the animal is handed over to the parents.
Adolescents enter high school with great 30 but are soon looking forward to 31 . The same is true of the young adults going to college. And then, how many 32 , who
now complain (抱怨) about the long drives to work, 33 drove for hours at a time when they first usually 35 But 38 34 their driver’s license (执照 )? Before people retire, they 36 things, which they never had 37 to do while working.
to do a lot of
retirement , the golfing, the fishing, the reading and all of the . And , like the child in January,
other pastimes become as boring as the jobs they 39 they go searching for new 21. A. principle 22. A. parties ages 23. A. working going 24. A. confidence 25. A. same expensive B. interest B. extra B. living 40 .
B. habit B. races
C. weaker C. countries
D. power D.
C. anxiety C. funny
D. sorrow D.
26. A. well-organized half-filled 27. A. broad 28. A. silently worriedly 29. A. promise 30. A. courage excitement 31. A. graduation D. success 32. A. children retirees 33. A. carefully bravely 34. A. required D.discovered 35. A. need plan 36. A. great correct 37. A. time 38. A. only 39. A. lost 40. A. pets
C. newly- collected
B. passing B. impatiently
C. different C. gladly
D. main D.
B. burden B. calmness
C. right C. confusion
D. game D.
B. money B. well B. chose B. toys
C. skills C. even C. left C. friends
D. knowledge D. soon. D. quit D. colleagues
第二节：单项选择（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 41. Thousands of foreigners were ______ to the shanghai World Expo the day it opened. A. attended B. attained C. attracted D. attached
42. With so many problems ______. He can’t spare time for a holiday.
B. to settle
D. having settled to blame in
43. Personally I think it is the headmaster, not the students, this respect. A. is B. that is C. are
D. who are
44. Not until he went through real hardship _____ the love we have for our families is important. A. had he realized B. did he realize C. he realized D. he had realized
45. Only when he apologizes for his rudeness ____to him again. A. I will speak B. will I speak C. do I speak D. I speak
46. Old-fashioned phones matter when wireless networks ________ in disasters. A. turn down B. turn out C. break down D. break out in daily
47. In some languages, 100 words make up half of all words conversations. A. using B. to use C. having used D. used
48. ___is our strong suggestion that he ______ a holiday, but___ doesn’t help. A. As; takes; which B. As; should take; it C. It; takes; which it 49.You have made a mistake you’ve A. left alone B. left for a letter “t”. C. left out D. left behind D. It; take;
50.There are trees and flowers along both sides of the road______ our school. A. arranging B. clarifying C. leading to , C. folding, lying D. spinning on the bed. D. folded, lying
51.When I came back, I found my clothes A. folded, lay B. folded, lain
52. Unless ___ to speak，you should remain silent at the conference． A．invited B．inviting C．being invited D．having invited
53. These examples, once ________ to his article, will make it sound more reasonable and acceptable. A. adding B. to add C. add D. added
54. The class __________ 80 students is hard to manage. A. consisting of B. consists of C. making up of D. made up
55. The boy was found_______ at the table,______________. A. seated, sleep C. seated, sleeping B. seating, slept D. seating, sleeping
第三节 （共 10 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容或括号内单词的正确形式。 The 2014 Winter Olympics was successfully held from 7th to 23rd February, 2014. Sochi, the host city 56._________southern Russia, is the most 57. _________ （ popularity ） tourist attraction of Russia. Through public voting, three lovely animals, 58. _________snow leopard, a polar bear and a hare, were chosen 59. _________the mascots for this Winter Olympic Games. About 2,873 athletes 60. _________ (represent) 87 countries and region competed in 98 winter sports events 61._________ (include) different forms of skating and skiing. Besides, Xi Jinping, the president of China, 62. _________many other countries’ leaders 63. _________ (invite) to attend the Winter Olympics opening ceremony. During 17 days’ 64. _________ (compete), China has won three gold medals, four silver medals and two bronze medals, 65. _________
was considered a great breakthrough. The next Winter Games are in Pyeongchang（韩 国平昌） in South Korea in 2018.
第四节：完成句子（共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 请根据所给的中文，补全下列各句。 66.明天早上 9 点你方便来学校吗？ you to come to school at 9 tomorrow morning? 67. 在婴儿时期就接触音乐的孩子往往更聪明。 The children ___________ intelligent. 68.如果可能的话，我将代表我们学校出席这个会议。 If ________, I’ll________ ________ _________ on behalf of our school. 69. 如今在英格兰，电力火车已经取代了蒸汽火车。 Now electric trains have steam trains in England. _________music in their babyhood tend to be more
70.看起来那个被加工过的句子是讲不通的。 ______ seems that the processed sentence ________ _________ __________. 第三部分：写作(满分 25 分) 根据所给的材料，写一篇 100 词左右的短文，可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 假如你是李晓华，住在英德。你的加拿大笔友 Bob 来信谈到了他所居住的城市，并希望了解 你家乡的情况。请你用英语写一封回信。回信须包括下表中的内容: 自然情况 ①位于北江江边、风景优美、适合居住 ②近十年，经济发展迅速 成就 ③新建了不少工厂、 住房、 道路等; 还有学校 和医院 存在问题 对英德发展的看法 ④水、空气污染 ⑤交通拥挤 ⑥针对存在问题的建议（至少两条）
要求： 1.层次要清楚，条理性要强； 2.不要逐句翻译； 3.字数在 120 字左右。 Dear Bob， It’s very kind of you to write to me and let me know about your beautiful city. Now I’d like to tell you something about my hometown YingDe.
2015-2016 学年高二第一学期月考一 答案 阅读 1-5. ABBAC 6-10：ADDBB 11-15：BACAA 16-20 DBDDC
完形填空 21-25 ADCBA 26-30 DBCBD 31-35 ACBBD 36-40 AADCB
单项选择 41~45 CCBBB 46~50 CDDCC 51~55 DADAC
语法填空 56. in 57. popular 58.a 59. as 60. representing 65. which 61. including 62. and
63. were invited 完成句子
66. Is it convenient for you meeting
68. possible, attend the
69. taken the place of
70. It ; doesn’t make sense/makes no sense
书面表达 Dear Bob， It’s very kind of you to write to me and let me know about your beautiful city. Now I’d like to tell you something about my hometown Hui Zhou. The city is located on the bank of Beijiang River, which is a beautiful place for people to live in. Its economy has been developing rapidly in the past ten years,from which people benefit a lot. New factories, houses and roads have been built . More schools and hospitals are available ,making it convenient for people to enjoy the public service . However, there are still some problems, such as water and air pollution and heavy traffic in rush hours. In my opinion, YingDe should develop its economy scientifically, reducing the number of factories which pollute our city . Besides, it is suggetsted that the government bring the growth of the cars under control so that we can lead a more comfortable city life.