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高三英语名词性从句学案


名词性从句一轮复习同步导学案
【学习目标】 : 掌握名词性从句引导词的用法,并能判断出主语从句这一类型的从句。 名词性从句定义:在句子中起_________作用的句子叫名词性从句。 名词性从句分四类:____________ _____________ ______________ 【名词性从句的引导词】 1.从属连词:that, whether/if, as if/as though, because, 其中 that, whether/if, 在从句中不担任成分, 只起到引导从句的功能。 that 没有实际意义。 if (whether), 意思为 “是否”。 I don’t care about __________ you have money or not. The problem is __________ Tom is able to arrive on time. __________ the meeting will be held here is not decided yet. It looks __________ it is going to rain. The truth is __________he didn’t come for the concert. __________ the earth is round is true.

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易混点 whether 与 if 区别 二者都可以作“是否”讲,能引导名词性从句,都不能省略。 1. )在及物动词后引导宾语从句时可以互换; 注意:在某些动词后(如:discuss)只能接 whether,不能跟 if。如: We discussed whether we should close the shop. 2. )引导主语从句、表语从句、同位语从句时都用 whether,不用 if。如: The question whether he should come himself or send another man hasn’t been decided. Whether he will win is all the same to me. The question is whether you can go there yourself. 如果用形式主语,if 和 whether 都可以 It is unknown whether\if she is ill.

3. )如果 whether 后紧跟 or not,不用换做 if;若 whether 与 or not 分开使用,则可以换 作 if。如: I wonder whether or not he has arrived at the destination. I don’t know whether\if I can come or not. 4.)若宾语从句为否定结构,则多用 if,而不用 whether。如: I don’t care if he doesn’t show up.(在乎,炫耀) 5.)在介词后引导宾语从句或与带 to 的动词不定式结合而构成不定式的复合结构时,只能用 whether,而不用 if。如: I haven’t settled the question of whether I will go back home. She doesn’t know whether to get married now or wait.

2、 连接代词: 连接代词指既具有代词的特点, 同时又能够引导从句的词。 主要有 what, whatever,

who, whoever, whose, whom, whomever, which, whichever。有词义,在从句中担任成分,
如主语、表语、宾语、或定语等,不能省略。 I don’t believe __________ he has achieved so far. __________ breaks the law should be punished. ____________ he said encouraged me greatly. What worried us most is_________ let out the secret.

3、连接副词:连接副词指既具有副词的特点,同时又能够引导从句的词。主要有 when, where,

why, how, whenever, wherever 有词义,在从句中担任成分,作状语。
__________ we will hand in the project will be discussed later. Parents are thought to understand __________ important education is to their children’s future. The reason __________ he was absent was that he was ill. This is_____________ the accident happened.

【判断】下列各句哪句含有名词性从句,并指出是什么从句: 1. China is no longer what it used to be. 2. The truth that the earth turn around the sun is known to all. 3. It was snowing when he arrived at the station. 4. How he persuaded the manager to change the plan is interesting to us all. 5. The news that they had won the game soon spread over the whole school. 6. The news that you told me yesterday was really disappointing. 7. That is where Lu Xun used to live. 8. He spoke as if he understood what he was talking about. 9. Do you remember the teacher who taught us English at middle school? 10. I wonder why she refused my invitation.

主语从句 1、主语从句在复合句作主语。引导主语从句的引导词如下:who,that,which,what,when, where,how,whether,why,whoever,whichever,whatever 等。 e.g. Who will go is not important. When they will come hasn't been made public.他们来的时间没有公布。 2、用 it 作形式主语,主语从句放在句末。 e.g. It doesn’t matter so much whether you will come or not. It worried her a bit that her hair was turning gray.她的头发正在变白,这使她很不 安。 It is a pity that you missed such a good chance. 3、that 引导主语从句时,不能省略。 e.g. That he suddenly fell ill last week made us surprised. 4. whoever,whatever,whichever 引导的主语从句

(1)whoever 相当于 anyone who, 表明泛指关系, 表示 “任何??的人都, 凡是??的人都”。

Whoever comes will be welcome.谁来都是受欢迎的。 (2)whatever 相当于 anything that,表示“无论什么??”。 Whatever was said here must be kept secret. 在这里所说的一切都要保密。

(3)whichever 意为“无论哪个,无论哪些”。既可指人,也 可指物;既可单独使用,也可修 饰名词,也可以跟 of 短语连用。 Whichever of us fulfils his task first will lend a hand to others. 无论我们中哪一个先完成了任务都将帮助其他人。 Whichever book you choose doesn't matter to me. 5. what 与 that 引导主语从句的区别 你选哪本书不关我的事。

what 引导主语从句时,表示“所??的(东

西)”,并且在从句中充当句子成分;而 that 作为从属连词,引导主语从句时,其本身没有实 际意义,不充当句子成分,不可省略。 What she was afraid of was their taking her daughter abroad. 她害怕的是他们带她女儿出国。 That he will refuse the offer is unlikely. 他不可能拒绝这个报价。

It is reported that three people were killed in the accident. 据报道,三个人在这次事故中死亡。

例题: A. Whether

some people regard as a drawback is seen as a plus by many others. B. What C. That D. How

例题: It is by no means clear A. how B. which C. that

the president can do to end the strike. D. what

任务:找出 10 个主语从句的例子。 英语语法专题------名词性从句 同步导学案 (2)

学习目标:第二部分学案主要解决表语从句,宾语从句,同位语从句的判断。 表语从句 1.可接表语从句的连系动词可接表语从句的连系动词有 be, look, seem, sound, appear 等。 China is no longer what she used to be. 今日的中国不再是过去的中国了。

The question remains whether they will be able to help us. 问题还是他们能否帮我们。 It appears that he has a taste for music.看来他对音乐有一定的鉴赏力. At that time, it seemed as if I couldn’t think of the right word anyhow. 当时,我似乎怎么也想不出一个恰当的字眼来。 The question was who could go there. My idea is that we can get more comrades to help in the work. 2.从引导词角度学习表语从句 that 引导的表语从句 The fact is that we should depend on ourselves. 事实是我们必须依靠自己。 如果主语是 suggestion, advice, order, command 这类建议,要求,命令的名词,表语从句 的的谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,should 可以省略。 My advice is that you (should)think it over before you make a decision. 我的建议就是你做出决定之前仔细考虑一下。 whether 引导的表语从句 The point is that whether we should lend him the money. 翻译_________________________________________________ Wh-类连接词引导的表语从句 自 己 总 结 连 接 代 词 what, whatever, who, whoever, whose, whom, whomever, which, whichever。连接副词 when, where, why, how, whenever, wherever 相关句子。 例如:The question is however we can do the work better. 问题是我们究竟如何才能够把这项工作做得更好。 As as if/as though 引导的表语从句 此类表语从句连系动词有 be, look, seem, sound, appear。 He looked just as he had looked ten years before. 他看起来还与十年前一样。 It sounds as if someone is knocking at the door. 听上去好像有人在敲门。 because 引导的表语从句 That is because he didn’t understand me. 那时因为他不理解我。 宾语从句 .宾语从句:在复合句中作主句的宾语。 引导词有连词 that , whether, if; who, whom, whose, what ,which; when ,where, how, why 等。在谓语动词、介词、动词不定式、分词、动名词 之后都可以带有宾语从句。某些形容词如 sure, happy, glad, certain, pleased 等之后也可 以带有宾语从句。 如: (1) V + 宾语从句,即“动宾”: We believe that he is honest. I asked if they had a cheap suit.

Can you tell me which dictionary is hers? I really don’t know what he is doing. 例 1--- Don’t you believe me? --- ______, I will believe ______ you say. A. No; whatever B. Yes; no matter what C. No; no matter what D. Yes; whatever 例 2“What did your parents think about your decision?” “They always let me do ______ I think I should.” A. when B. that C. how D. what (2) prep + 宾语从句,即“介宾”: He’s pleased with what we did yesterday. Pay attention to what the teacher said. 例 3 I wish to have a friend with ______ shares my hobbies and interests. A. whomever B. no matter who C. whoever D. anyone 例4 Mary wrote an article on ______ the team had failed to win the game. A. why B. what C. who D. that (3) adj + 宾语从句,即“形宾”: that 引导的名词性从句还可以用在一些形容词后面。这 种句型一般都用人作主语,所用的形容词都是表示思想状况或感情色彩的形容词,如 certain, sure, positive, afraid, convinced, anxious, disappointed, worried, glad, happy, sorry, amazed, surprised, aware, doubtful, confident 等等。 I am sure/certain that he’s at home now. 我肯定他现在在家。 He remains confident that he will win. 他仍然自信他会赢。 She is aware that I can’t help her. 她知道我帮不了她的忙。 I am glad that you’ve come. 你来了我很高兴。 I’m sure that my brother will love the jacket. / I am glad that you can come and help me. 不能误将”It + be + adj + that” 的主语从句当成宾语从句. 如:It is necessary that we should learn English well. 例 4 Exercises: I asked her __________ she had a bike. __________ we will hold a party in the open air tomorrow depends on the weather. We’re worried about __________ he is safe. I don’t know __________ he is well or not. I don’t know ___________ or not he is well. The question is __________ he should do it. The doctor can hardly answer the question __________ the old man will recover soon. (1)如果宾语从句是由 that 引导,and 或 but 连接的两个或两个以上的并列的宾语从句, 那

么只有第一个 that 可以省略,第二个或第二个以后的 that 不能省略. He said ( that ) the text was very difficult and that we had to work hard at it. My desk mate told me (that ) he watched a football match last night, but that it was very discouraging. 如果宾语从句后还有宾语补足语,就用 it 作形式宾语,将宾语从句后置,并且 that 不可以省 略. He has made it clear that he will win the game. I find it necessary that we should learn English well. We find it necessary that we practice spoken English every day. (2) 表示“建议,命令,要求”的宾语从句,如 advise, suggest, order, request, require, demand 等,从句用虚拟语气,即 should+动词原形,should 可省略。 (3) 在“主语+ believe/think/suppose/know/expect”的结构中,其否定形式要用否定转移, 即主句否定,从句肯定。 I don’t think he will come. I don’t think I’ll trouble you again. I don’t expect that they will get married soon. (4) 宾语从句的时态呼应: a. 如果主句时态是一般现在时或将来时,从句谓语可根据句意需要而选用任一种时态. 他相信他的梦想总有一天会实现的. He believes _________________________ . b .请告诉我你昨天这个时候在干什么. Please tell me _________________________. c. 如果主句谓语是一般过去时,从句谓语动词一般用过去的某种时态,但如果从句表达的是客 观事实、真理、自然规律等时,从句谓语通常用一般现在时。 他告诉我他正在为考试做准备. He told me _______________________________. 他说他已离开家乡十年了。 He told me _________________________________. 老师告诉我们光是沿直线运行的. The teacher told us _________________________. 例 5Exercises: (1)Do you see ______ I mean? A. that B./ C. how D. what (2)Tell me______ is on your mind. A. that B. what C. which D. why (3)We must stick to ______ we have agreed on. A. what B. that C. / D. how (4)Let me see ______. A. that can I repair the radio B. whether I can repair the radio C. I can repair the radio D. whether can I repair the radio (5)Keep in mind ______. A. that the teacher said B. what did the teacher say C. that did the teacher say D. what the teacher said 同位语从句 同位语从句在句中作某一名词的同位语,一般位于该名词(如: news, fact, idea, suggestion, promise 等)之后,说明该名词的具体内容。 e.g. I have no idea when he will be back. The fact that he had not said anything surprised everybody.

同位语从句中 that 引导词与定语从句中 that 区别 The father made a promise that he will buy his son a new car.同位语从句 The father broke his promise (that) he made last week. 定语从句 跟同位语从句的名词 (只是作为辅助方法判断同位语从句,不是主要依据。) Advice belief, doubt, explanation, fact, fear, feeling, hope, Idea, news, opinion, order, possibility, promise, problem, probability Question, reply, report, suggestion, thought, truth, wish, warning 判断同位语从句的主要依据: (假设法) 假设 that 引导的为定语从句,看 that 在从句中是否担当成份,如:he father broke his promise (that) he made last week. 定语从句 that 担当了 made 的宾语, 即 made his promise, 所以本句为定语从句,否则如 The father made a promise that he will buy his son a new car.同位语从句,that 不担当从句的成份,所以不是定语从句,为同位语从句。 The father made a promise that he will buy his son a new car.同位语从句 The father broke his promise (that) he made last week. 定语从句 本节任务:宾语从句,表语从句和同位语从句各找出 5 个例子。 自主学习 完成下列题目 15. The film brought the hours back to me _____ I was taken good care of in that far-away village. A. until B. that C. when D. where 16. News came from the school office _____ Wang Lin had been admitted to Beijing University. A. which B. what C. that D. where 17. -Is there any possibility ______ you could pick me up at the airport? -No problem. 19. One reason for her preference for city life is _____ she can have easy access to places like shops and restaurants. A. that B. how C. what D. why 20. The news __________________________(房价将要下跌)has caused many people to sell their houses at lower prices. (fall) 高三英语语法专题------名词性从句 同步导学案 (3) 学习目标:第三部分学案主要解决名词性从句的疑难点。 热点一.语序与时态: 想一想:名词性从句中的语序要注意什么问题? 1. No one can be sure _____in a million years. A. what man will look like B. what will man look like C. man will look like what D. what look will man like 2. Someone is ringing the doorbell. Go and see _____. A .who he is B who he is C who is it D who it is 小结 1:不管主句是肯定句、否定句还是疑问句,名词性从句总是使用_____________.

疑点:Mum is coming .What present do you expect _____for your birthday? A. that she has got B. that has she got C. she has got D. has she got 思考:句中出现插入语时,语序该怎么办? 疑点观察、总结与拓展: 4. What do you think we should do to solve the problem of air pollution in cities? 5. Where do you suppose he can be? 小结 2:以上句子体现了何种句式结构?_____________________________ 小试牛刀: 6. Rose looks worried. What do you think ____________________(她该怎么办)? Exception :7.He went up to see ________ with her. A what was the matter is 思考:1. 语序? 能力激活 2: 想一想: 宾语从句中的时态应如何与主句时态保持相应的一致? 1.The police found that the house _____ and a lot of things _____. A.has broken into; has been stolen B.had broken into; had been stolen C.has been broken into; stolen D.had been broken into; stolen 2.We were all surprised when he made it clear that he _____ office soon. A. leaves B. would leave C. left D. had left 小结 1: 主句是过去时态时,宾语从句用_________________. 但如果表达真理性 的,则用现在时。 3. I don’t know when_____, but if he _____, I’ll let you know. A. he comes , will come B he will come , will come C he will come, comes D he comes, comes 观察与比较:I’m not sure if he will come ,but if he comes ,I’ll let you know . 小结 2:主句是现在时态,宾语从句用_________________. 感悟疑点 : He has come, but I didn’t know that he _____ until yesterday. A is coming B will come C was coming D wasn’t coming 2.时态? B what is the matter C what the matter was D what the matter

热点二.连接词的选择 能力激活 3 观察与思考:that 与 what 的用法有什么不同? 1.What you need is more practice . 2.That he needed a lot of money made us surprised. 3.Energy is what makes things work. 4.China is no longer what it used to be . 5.What impressed me most was that he was always patient with children. 6. He told me (that ) she was ill and that her mother wouldn’t let her go. 7. Word came that our team won the game . 归纳: 1.that 和 what 都可以引导名词性从句。

2.what 是连接代词,引导名词性从句,在从句中有____,必须担任____,不能_________. 3.that 是连接词,本身无______,仅起_____作用,不在从句中担任______;引导宾语从句时 可以省略,但引导多个宾语从句时,只有第 ___个 that 可以省略。在引导主语从句、表语从 句和同位语从句时 that 一般__________。 感悟疑点: 1. After Yang Liwei succeeded in circling the earth, _____ our astronauts desire to do is walking in space. A where B what C that D how 2. They lost their way in the forest, and _____ made matters worse was that night began to fall. A. that B it C what D which 3. _____ no one likes his ideas is not strange at all. A. What B How C When D That 4. _____ made the school proud was _____ more than 90% of the students had been admitted to key university. A. What; because B What; that C That; what D That; because 5.. Word has came _____some American guests will come for a visit. A. what B. that C. whether D. when 6. He told us _____ his father had died and ____ he had to live alone. A that, / B /, that C what,/ D / , what Test : 1. He often thinks of _____ he can do for his country. 2. He often thinks of _____ he can do more for his country. A. what B how C that D which 3.One of the men held the view _____ the book said was right. A that B what that C that what D whether 4.(?) I’m not sure that when he will be back. 能力激活 4 观察与思考:在名词性从句中 wh—ever 与 wh---有什么异同? 1.Whoever breaks the law should be published . 2.whatever was said here must be kept secret . 3.I’ll give you whatever you want . 4.I’ll give you what you want . 小结 1: wh-ever 与 wh- 引导的名词性从句在语法结构上________,在意义上__________,有 “__________”的意思。 体会例题 1. It is a rule in his family that_____ comes home earlier should cook the dinner for the family. A. anybody B. who C. who that D. whoever 2. I think the doctor is able to care for_____ is the matter with your son. A. all B. what C. whatever D. anything 3. The wild flowers are so special I would do _____ I can to save them. A. whatever B. that C. which D. whichever 观察、体会与思考:以下从句都是什么从句 1.Whoever breaks the law should be punished . 2.Whoever breaks the law , he should be punished . 3.________________ breaks the law , he should be punished . 4.(?)Who breaks the law should be punished . 5.(?)Anyone breaks the law should be punished .

小结 2 : wh-ever 既可以引导__________从句,又可以引导_________从句.引导名词性从句时相当于 名词+定语从句;引导让步状语从句时相当于__________________. 能力激活 5 观察、体会与总结: 1. Whether we’ll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. 2. Her ability has never been in doubt --- the question is whether he is prepared to work hard. 3.It depends on whether we will have enough money. 5 .It doesn’t' t matter whether he' s come back or not.? 小结:名词性从句只用 whether 的几种情况: 1.主语从句置于__________________. 2.引导________从句时,不用 if. 3.做______的宾语从句时 4.与______和______连用时. 热点三:几点特殊用法 能力激活 6 思考: 想一想 it 在名词性从句中起到什么作用? 1. ______ is reported that he will return to his hometown soon. A What A this B It B that C As C them D That D it 2. I made _____ clear that I was determined to carry out the plan. 小结 1:.在名词性从句中,当主语从句置后时,要使用________________. 2.在如果宾语从句后边还有宾语补足语,则用 it 作_______而将宾语从句放于句末. 3. I hate_____ when people talk with their mouths full. (NMET 98 ) A it B that C these D them 4. I should have seen to it that she was told .(我本应该确保通知到她的) 小结 3 : see to, appreciate, like , love, hate ---- 等动词后跟上宾语从句时,要使用 __________. Exercise : 1.很遗憾他竟然犯了那样一个错误。 _________________________________________ 2.我认为学好英语很重要 ____________________________________. 能力激活 7:学以致用 1. ______ is known to us ____ the moon travels around the earth every month. 2. ______ is known to us is ____the moon travels around the earth every month. 3. _____ is known to everyone , the moon travels round the earth once every month. A. What B. It C. that D. As 能力激活 8

想一想: 当你看到 insist, order, commend, suggest, advise, recommend, require, request, desire, urge 时,你会想到什么语气?它的结构是什么样的? 1.He made a suggestion that the English test ______ until next Wednesday. A. will be put off B. be put off C. will put off D. put off 2.Her pale face suggested that she ______ ill. A. should B. should be C. was D. is 3. The step—mother was punishing the poor girl, but she insisted that she ______the flower vase. A didn’t break B not break C doesn’t break D shouldn’t break 小结: 1. 与“命令、要求、建议”等相关的名词性从句中通常用虚拟语气,虚拟语气的构成是 _____________________________________. 2.suggest 与 insist 在当___________________意思用时,用陈述语气

完成相关习题 11.— I prefer shutting myself in and listening to music all day on Sundays. — That’s ______ I don’t agree .You should have a more active life. A. where B. how C. when D. what 12. Part of the reason Charles Dickens loved his own novel, David Copperfield, was _____ it was rather closely modeled on his own life. A. what B. that C. why D. whether 13. —I think it is going to be a big problem. —Yes, it could be. —I wonder ___ we can do about it. A. if B. how C. what D. that 14. __ is no possibility ___ Bob can win the first prize I the match. A. There; that B. It; what C. There; whether D. It; whether

英语语法专题------名词性从句 自主学习 完成相关习题 1.It is obvious to the students ______ they should get A. as A. That A. how B. which B. Which B. what B. Why C. whether C. What C. which C. Where well prepared for their future. D. that D. As D. when D. Which

2. ______ parents say and do has a life-long effect on their children. 3. It is none of your business ______ other people think about you. Believe yourself. 4. ___ matters most in learning English is enough practice. A. What 5.---Are you still thinking about yesterday's game? --- Oh, that's_______ . A. what makes me feel excite B. whatever I feel excited about

C. how I feel about it

D. when I feel excited

6.---I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week. ---Is that_______ you had a few days off? A. why A. When on popular science. A. that B. when C. which D. where please remember the golden rule: 8. When you answer questions in a job interview, Always give the monkey exactly____ he wants . A. what 9. B. which C. when D. that Cindy shut the door heavily and burst into tears. No one in B. that C. which B. whether D. why C. that D. why we have B. when B. that C. what D. where 7. Perseverance is a kind of quality and that’s ____ it takes to succeed. C. whether D. what 8. We should consider the students’ request ___ the school library provide more books

do anything well. A. what the office knew A. where she was so angry.

10. We should respect food and think about the people who don’t have here and treat food nicely. A. that B. which C. what D. whether

高三英语语法专题------名词性从句 参考答案 【名词性从句的引导词】

同步导学案 (1)

1.从属连词:that, whether/if, as if/as though, because, 其中 that, whether/if, 在从句中不担任成分, 只起到引导从句的功能。 that 没有实际意义。 if (whether), 意思为 “是否”。 I don’t care about ____whether______ you have money or not. The problem is ___whether_______ Tom is able to arrive on time. ____where(when/how)______ the meeting will be held here is not decided yet. It looks ___as if(as though)_______ it is going to rain. The truth is ____that______he didn’t come for the concert. _____That _____ the earth is round is true.

易混点 whether 与 if 区别 二者都可以作“是否”讲,能引导名词性从句,都不能省略。 4. )在及物动词后引导宾语从句时可以互换;

注意:在某些动词后(如:discuss)只能接 whether,不能跟 if。如: We discussed whether we should close the shop. 5. )引导主语从句、表语从句、同位语从句时都用 whether,不用 if。如: The question whether he should come himself or send another man hasn’t been decided. Whether he will win is all the same to me. The question is whether you can go there yourself. 如果用形式主语,if 和 whether 都可以 It is unknown whether\if she is ill. 6. )如果 whether 后紧跟 or not,不用换做 if;若 whether 与 or not 分开使用,则可以换 作 if。如: I wonder whether or not he has arrived at the destination. I don’t know whether\if I can come or not. 4.)若宾语从句为否定结构,则多用 if,而不用 whether。如: I don’t care if he doesn’t show up.(在乎,炫耀) 5.)在介词后引导宾语从句或与带 to 的动词不定式结合而构成不定式的复合结构时,只能用 whether,而不用 if。如: I haven’t settled the question of whether I will go back home. She doesn’t know whether to get married now or wait.

2、 连接代词: 连接代词指既具有代词的特点, 同时又能够引导从句的词。 主要有 what, whatever, who, whoever, whose, whom, whomever, which, whichever。有词义,在从句中担任成分, 如主语、表语、宾语、或定语等,不能省略。 I don’t believe ____what______ he has achieved so far. __Whoever________ breaks the law should be punished. ____What_______ he said encouraged me greatly. what What worried us most is____who____ let out the secret. who 3、连接副词:连接副词指既具有副词的特点,同时又能够引导从句的词。主要有 when, where, why, how, whenever, wherever 有词义,在从句中担任成分,作状语。 ____when_____ we will hand in the project will be discussed later. (此题答案需要再 讨论) Parents are thought to understand ___how_______ important education is to their children’s future. The reason ___why_______ he was absent was that he was ill. This is__where/when/how__________ the accident happened.

一、判断下列各句哪句含有名词性从句,并指出是什么从句: 1. China is no longer what it used to be.

2. The truth that the earth turn around the sun is known to all. 3. It was snowing when he arrived at the station. 4. How he persuaded the manager to change the plan is interesting to us all. 5. The news that they had won the game soon spread over the whole school. 6. The news that you told me yesterday was really disappointing. 7. That is where Lu Xun used to live. 8. He spoke as if he understood what he was talking about. 9. Do you remember the teacher who taught us English at middle school? 10. I wonder why she refused my invitation.

参考答案 一、1、表语从句;2、同位语从句;3、不是;4、主语从句;5、同位语从句;6、不是;7、表 语从句;8、宾语从句;9、不是;10、宾语从句

主语从句 1、主语从句在复合句作主语。引导主语从句的引导词如下:who,that,which,what,when, where,how,whether,why,whoever,whichever,whatever 等。 e.g. Who will go is not important. When they will come hasn't been made public.他们来的时间没有公布。 2、用 it 作形式主语,主语从句放在句末。 e.g. It doesn’t matter so much whether you will come or not. It worried her a bit that her hair was turning gray.她的头发正在变白,这使她很不 安。 It is a pity that you missed such a good chance. 3、that 引导主语从句时,不能省略。 e.g. That he suddenly fell ill last week made us surprised. 4. whoever,whatever,whichever 引导的主语从句 (1)whoever 相当于 anyone who, 表明泛指关系, 表示 “任何??的人都, 凡是??的人都”。 Whoever comes will be welcome.谁来都是受欢迎的。 (2)whatever 相当于 anything that,表示“无论什么??”。 Whatever was said here must be kept secret. 在这里所说的一切都要保密。 (3)whichever 意为“无论哪个,无论哪些”。既可指人,也 可指物;既可单独使用,也可修 饰名词,也可以跟 of 短语连用。 Whichever of us fulfils his task first will lend a hand to others. 无论我们中哪一个先完成了任务都将帮助其他人。

Whichever book you choose doesn't matter to me. 你选哪本书不关我的事。 5. what 与 that 引导主语从句的区别 what 引导主语从句时,表示“所??的(东 西)”,并且 在从句中充当句子成分;而 that 作为从属连词,引导主语从句时,其本身没 有实际意义,不充当句子成分,不可省略。 What she was afraid of was their taking her daughter abroad. 她害怕的是他们带她女儿出国。 That he will refuse the offer is unlikely. 他不可能拒绝这个报价。 It is reported that three people were killed in the accident. 据报道,三个人在这次事故中死亡。 例题: A. Whether 答案:B 例题: It is by no means clear A. how B. which C. that 答案:D the president can do to end the strike. D. what some people regard as a drawback is seen as a plus by many others. B. What C. That D. How


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