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人教版七年级(上)英语语法总复习2


人教版七年级( 人教版七年级(上)英语语法期末复习 七年级 英语语法期末复习 一、grammar focus Unit 3 单数变复数: 单数变复数: 代词

单数 复数 I we you you he/she/it they ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------人称代词宾格 me us 人称代词所有格 my our you you your your him/her/it them his/her/its their ————————————————————————————————————————— be 动词 am/is are an orange oranges ————————————————————————————————————————— Unit 4 方位介词: 方位介词:on, in, under, behind, near, next to 介词词组: 介词词组:a picture of, thanks for, a map of China, on the wall, in the wall on the box, on my box She is on the box. Unit 5 has(用法口诀) am, is, are, do, does, have, has(用法口诀) am, are, 用于他、 I 用 am, you 用 are, is 用于他、她、它,复数全部都用 are 第三人称单数: 提问, doesn’ 第三人称单数: he / she / it + has, 用 does 提问, 用 doesn’t have 否定 第一,二人称及复数:I 提问, don’ 第一,二人称及复数:I / you / they / we + have, 用 do 提问, 用 don’t have 否定 主格 I you he she it Bob 所有格 my your his her its Bob’ Bob’s 主格 I he they they we you 宾格 me him them us you

单数 this that

复数 these thase

单数变复数: 单数变复数: 人称代词主格

Bob’ Let’ (let’ The book is my friend Bob’s. Let’s go and find him. (let’s=let us) TV. tell(告诉 告诉) He only watches them on TV. Let me tell(告诉) you. don’ I have a basketball. I don’t have a basketball. don’ Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. What do you have? Do you have a basketball?

doesn’ She has a volleyball. She doesn’t have a volleyball. Does she have a volleyball? doesn’ What does she have? Yes, she does. / No, she doesn’t.

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Unit 6 a banana a tomato a strawberry an orange a pear a hamburger French French fries broccoli chicken (an)ice cream an)ice (a)salad

bananas bananas tomatoes tomatoes strawberries strawberries oranges oranges pears pears hamburgers hamburgers French fries French fries broccoli chicken cream(s ice cream(s) salad(s salad(s)

countable nouns 可数名词) (可数名词)

uncountable nouns 不可数名词) (不可数名词) countable and uncountable nouns 两者均可) (两者均可)

1.Iike 的用法 sth.; doing; do like sth.; like doing; like to do; salad.I don’ I like salad.I don’t like salad. Do you like salad? don’ Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. What do you like? Unit 7 名词量的表示: 一.名词量的表示: (1).可数名词量的表示 可数名词量的表示: (1).可数名词量的表示: 用数字来衡量:=1:a >1:two 用数字来衡量:=1:a sweater >1:two sweaters 用数量词来衡量: (2). 用数量词来衡量: n.(s) a pair of, a bag of, two boxes of + n.(s) (3).表示不确定的量 表示不确定的量: (3).表示不确定的量: some,many, some,many, a lot of = lots of 2.不可数名词量的表示: 2.不可数名词量的表示: 不可数名词量的表示 (1)用量词 用量词: (1)用量词: a bottle of ; a cup of (2)用不确定的量词 用不确定的量词: (2)用不确定的量词:some, much,

a bottle of milk; a cup of tea a lot of, a little

句型: 名学生: 3.there be 句型: 教室里有 53 名学生: the classroom has 53 students are There are 53 students in our classroom. (1)单数 单数: 复数: (1)单数:there is 复数:there are 就近原则: There is a book and two pens. (2) 就近原则: There are two pens and a book. 3.可数名词复数形式 3.可数名词复数形式 +s +es apples oranges oranges boxes boxes apples bananas pears buses bananas pears buses boys photos glasses boys photos glasses watchs hamburgers hamburgers watchs

y+ies dictionar tionaries dictionaries Families Families strawberryies strawberryies

a —e man m en woman wome women

oo— oo—ee tooth eeth teeth goose eese geese

加字母 child children children 单复数同形 Chinese Japanese Chinese Chinese Japanese
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Unit 8 2.用法 2.用法 表示顺序、 (1)表示顺序、序列 Our fourth class is English. We are on the first floor. He is the second in the speech contest. 表示顺序、 one’ 表示顺序、序列的序数词前加 the 或 one’s (2)表示日期 1 月 10 日, we write: January 10th we read: January the tenth 2011 年 1 月 10 日, we write: January 10th, 2011 January tenth, two thousand and ten 3.序数词与基数词区别 3.序数词与基数词区别 当两类数词与可数名词连用时, 当两类数词与可数名词连用时, 基数词=1 名词单数, =1, 基数词=1, 名词单数, 基数词>1 名词复数; >1, 基数词>1, 名词复数; 序数词后名词用单数。 序数词后名词用单数。 three) family. There are (three) sons in his family. three) (three) son in his family. Jim is the 基数词变序数词 基变序,有规律,第一、 三单独记。 基变序,有规律,第一、二、三单独记。 从四加起, th 从四加起, 八去 t 来 九去 e 。 后跟- 莫忘记。 遇到 ve, f 替,ty 变为 tie, 后跟-th 莫忘记。 若想表示几十几,只变个位就可以。 若想表示几十几,只变个位就可以。 基数词 four fourteen fourteen forty forty 序数词 fourth fourth fourteenth fourteenth fortieth fortieth 基数词 nine nine nineteen nineteen ninety ninety 序数词 ninth ninth nineteenth nineteenth ninetieth ninetieth

Unit 9 动词的一般现在时态 1.概念 表示现在经常发生的或习惯性动作以及存在的状态。 概念: 1.概念:表示现在经常发生的或习惯性动作以及存在的状态。 2.结构 结构: 2.结构: (1)表状态 表状态: (1)表状态:be (am, is, are) I’m a student. My father is forty years old. She is near the bookcase. (2)表动作 根据主语的人称、 表动作: (2)表动作:根据主语的人称、数,用动词原形或动词加 s He watches TV after having dinner. They have English every day. 3.基本句型转换 基本句型转换: 3.基本句型转换: school. I am at school. I’m not at school. I’ Are you at school? Yes, I am./ No, I’m not. egg Where are you? She has an egg for breakfast. doesn’ She doesn’t have an egg for breakfast. Does she have an egg for breakfast? doesn’ Yes, she does./ No, she doesn’t. What does she have for breakfast? Unit 11
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1.want I want nine tomatoes. Do you want to go to a movie? don’ Yes, I do./ No, I don’t. Do you want your son to join the chess club? 2. like I like listening to music and watching TV. I like comedies and I like cartoons. doesn’ He likes documentaries but he doesn’t like thrillers. 基数词、 3. 基数词、序数词用法 There are ten classes in our grade. October is the tenth month of the year. Unit12 1. favorite one’ favorite… one’s favorite… What’ is… What’s your favorite subject? My favorite subject is… What’ is… What’s his favorite subject? His favorite subject is… favorite. They are talking about their favorite. Yellow is my favorite. 2. why, because it’ Why do you like science? Because it’s interesting. it’ Why does she like art? Because she thinks it’s fun. 3. when/ what time What time do you go to school? I go to school at 8. math When do you have math? We have math every day. When do you have P.E.? I have P.E. this afternoon. 4. busy He’ I’m really busy doing my homework. He’s busy with his study. 5. Strict My father is strict with me. His teacher is strict in his homework. 6. tired I’m tired. I usually feel tired after school. Running makes me tired. 7. for TI have an egg for breakfast. For girls, we have T-shirts in all colors. What do you need for your trip? He has volleyball for two hours. 扩充 一、have has 用法 用来修饰第一二人称单数( you)和全部复数( they) 用来修饰第三人称单数( have 用来修饰第一二人称单数(I,you)和全部复数(we ,they); has 用来修饰第三人称单数(she, he , it ) 若表示某人没有某物,则要用否定形式, have\ haven't)got 若表示某人没有某物,则要用否定形式,即在 have\has got 后加 not 即 have not (haven't)got ,has hasn't)got. not (hasn't)got. 例:I haven't got a sister but i have a brother. She hasn't got bright eyes and long hairs.

have\ 的疑问形式,Have\ +sb.\ 某人是否有某物则要用 have\has got 的疑问形式,Have\Has +sb.\sth. + got Have they got a picnic at weekends?

family?(寄宿家庭) Has the dog got a host family?(寄宿家庭)
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寄宿制家庭,就是留学生住在当地人家了,有提供伙食或不提供两种,房租较高,适合高中生去寄宿! 寄宿制家庭,就是留学生住在当地人家了,有提供伙食或不提供两种,房租较高,适合高中生去寄宿! 回答:肯定: 回答:肯定:Yes, i \we \they have. she\ Yes , she\ he \ it has.

否定: 否定:No , i \ we \ they haven't.

she No, she \he \it hasn't.

注意: 两者虽都指" 但侧重点不同。 注意:there be 和 have got 的区别 两者虽都指"有",但侧重点不同。 例:《1》There are some food in the fridge. :《1 <2>The fridge has got some food. 虽然都是“冰箱里有食物” 虽然都是“冰箱里有食物”但(1)句侧重于食物,(2)句侧重于冰箱。 句侧重于食物,(2 句侧重于冰箱。 ,( 二、be(am is are) 用法: are, 连着她他它, is, 用法:我用 am 你用 are, is 连着她他它,单数用 is,复数用 are are not , is not.

be 的否定形式 直接加 not 即 am not, not, 主语...... ......? 疑问形式把 be 提前 即 be+ 主语......? 形容词( 1》be + 形容词(adj.). 2> be+ 名词( 名词(n.) 例:I am 例:He is

very a

happy. boy.

3> be + 介词短语

例:She is in the

school.

be+ 4> be+形容词短语 例: He is only 11 years old. 5> be+ 副词 三、情态动词 can 能够, 用法:can+v.原 不能做某事, 的否定形式: can 可以 能够,表示某人能做某事 用法:can+v.原 不能做某事,则用 can 的否定形式: (can't)+v.原 cannot (can't)+v.原 没有人称和数的变化,因此谁能(不能) can 没有人称和数的变化,因此谁能(不能)做某事都能用 can 的疑问形式, can+sb.…… ……? 若表示某人是否能做某事 则要用 can 的疑问形式,即 can+sb.……? 例:I can speak Chinese. Can you speak English? Can she play the piano? 疑问句回答 :肯定:Yes, I \she \ you \ he \it \they \ we can. 肯定: 否定: 否定:No, I \ she \ he \it \ you \ we \ they can't.
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例:Class

is

over.

I can't speak English. He can swim but he can't play football.

注意: 表示“能力” 指现在的能力,并不指过去或将来的能力。 注意:can 表示“能力”时,指现在的能力,并不指过去或将来的能力。 四、 情态动词 would ...句型中 表示邀请。 句型中, 想 主要用于 would you like to ...句型中,表示邀请。

例:Would you like to go to school with me ? Would 回答一般有两种形式: 表示愿意: 拒绝: 原因。 回答一般有两种形式:1 表示愿意:I'd like \ love to. 2 拒绝:Sorry, 原因。 注意: 本身并不表示邀请, 而是想要。 注意:would like to 本身并不表示邀请, 而是想要。例:I would like to some books. 另外,表示邀请还能说: 另外,表示邀请还能说:Let's...... Shall we...... What \ How about.......

还要注意邀请时询问信息的表达方式: 询问时间: is... 询问地点: 还要注意邀请时询问信息的表达方式:1)询问时间:When is... 2) 询问地点: Where is....

五、行为动词的一般现在时(根据其在句中的功能,动词可分为四类:实义动词、系动词、助动词、情态动 行为动词的一般现在时(根据其在句中的功能,动词可分为四类:实义动词、系动词、助动词、 为动词也叫实义动词,比如 eat,sleep,行为动词后面只能副词修饰 为动词也叫实义动词, eat,sleep,行为动词后面只能副词修饰 seem, 动词,可以用形容词。 系动词比如 seem,be 动词,可以用形容词。 用法: 用法: 1.如果表示某人经常性或习惯性做某事, 1.如果表示某人经常性或习惯性做某事,则要用行为动词的一般现在时 He goes to school every day. 如果表示某人经常性或习惯性做某事 They eat dinner in the evening. 2.若表示某人现在的动态,也可用一般现在时。 2.若表示某人现在的动态,也可用一般现在时。 若表示某人现在的动态 know 我和他很熟。 I know him very well. 我和他很熟。 他非常喜欢英语。 He likes English very much. 他非常喜欢英语。

若表示否定意义, 若主语是第一人称或第二人称或第三人称复数, 只要在谓语动词后加 not, do not(don not, 若表示否定意义, 若主语是第一人称或第二人称或第三人称复数, 即 若主语是第三人称单数, 若主语是第三人称单数,则要在谓语动词后加 does not (doesn't) 例:I don't go to school every day. She doesn't goes to the shop every day.

You don' t sing vell well. 则要用疑问意义, 若表示是否经常做某事 则要用疑问意义,将 do \ does 提前即可 你每天写一篇作文吗? 例:Do you write a composition every day? 你每天写一篇作文吗? 它闻起来很香吗? Does it smell good? 它闻起来很香吗? 注意:行为动词的一般现在时中涉及了频度副词,用法:用于行为动词之前, 注意:行为动词的一般现在时中涉及了频度副词,用法:用于行为动词之前,be 动词之后 常见的频度副词有:often ,always 常见的频度副词有: 六、变法总结
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, usually

, never

,seldom

,sometimes 等

名词变复数(1)一般在词尾加-s 词变复数( 一般在词尾加-

例词: 例词:bags, vegetables , books

结尾的加例词: (2)以 s , x , ch , sh 结尾的加-es 例词: watches , boxes , buses , brushes (3)以 结尾的加例词: (3)以 o 结尾的加-es 例词:heroes 英雄 negroes 黑人 tomatoes 西红柿 potatoes 土豆 结尾的加- 例词: 4)以 o 结尾的加-s 例词:zoos , zeros 辅音字母+y 例词:baby—— ——babies city——cities ——ci (5) 以 辅音字母+y 结把 y 变 i 加-es 例词:baby——babies ,city——cities (6)以 例词: life—— ——lives (6)以 f 或 fe 结尾 ,把 f 或 fe 变成 -ves 例词: life——lives 第三人称单数变化形式和名词变复数变化形式相同

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