永昌县第一高级中学 2014—2015—1 期末考试卷 高一英语
第 Ⅰ 卷（选择题，共 70 分） 第一部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A I’m sure you know the song “Happy Birthday
”. But do you know who wrote the song and for whom it was written? The retired professor, Archibald A. Hill in Lousciville, USA could tell us the story. Ninety-seven years ago, two of Mr. Archibald Hill’s aunts, Miss Patty Hill and Miss Mildred Hill were asked to write some songs for a book called “Song Storied for the Sunday Morning”. Miss Patty Hill and Miss Mildred Hill were both kindergarten teachers then. They loved children very much and wrote many beautiful songs for the book. One of them was the famous “Good Morning to You.” The song said, “Good morning to you, good morning to you, dear children, good morning to all.” This song was very popular at that time among kindergarten children. But not many grown-ups knew it. A few years later little Archibald was born. As his aunt, Miss Patty Hill sang the song “Happy Birthday” to the melody(曲调) of “Good Morning to you” to her little nephew(侄子). She sang the song like this: Happy birthday to you! Happy birthday to you! Happy birthday, dear Archie! Happy birthday to you! Miss Patty Hill and her sister had never expected that this song would become so popular, but it really did. People all over the world like the song because of its simplicity in tune and friendliness in words. 1. Archibald A. Hill was ___ _____. A. English B. American C. Russian D. Australian 2. Professor Archibald A. Hill was Miss Mildred Hill’s ______. A. son B. student C. brother D. nephew 3. The song “Happy Birthday” has a history of _______ years. A. 97 B. more than 90 C. less than 90 D. about 90 4. The sentence “it really did” means _______. A. The song really became popular B. Their wish would really come true C. People all over the world like to listen to the song D. Yes, but the song didn’t become popular B "My life is full of drama and I won't have time to worry about something as petty（琐碎的） as what I look like." Not words you'd expect from a superstar. But being ordinary is exactly what makes British singer-songwriter Adele so extraordinary. Adele 一 full name Adele Laurie Blue Adkins 一 has had countless number one hits and has broken three Guinness “don't make music fur eye, make music for ears.” Records, including being the first female singer to spend 11 straight weeks at UK number one with the album, “21” Her popularity goes across the Atlantic. At the American Music Awards in November, she earned three prizes for best female pop artist, best album with “21”，and top adult modern performer.
Adele was born in north London, and still speaks with a typical London accent. Her chatty London girl attitude has had its weakness. She recently had to cancel a tour because of a vocal （声带）problem. She told the Sun that the root of the problem was "because I was talking too much". Adele started writing songs at the age of 15 when she bought herself a guitar. She recorded three songs for a class project and posted them on myspace.com. The songs were spotted by a record company, and her career kicked off. Adele has her own tips for singing: "it's more impressive, somehow, if you don't try to impress", she said. "Be natural with it. Say it straight." Despite her fame, Adele still holds onto her personality. Though some have criticized her body shape, Adele has said that she doesn't like going to the gym. "I like eating fine foods and drinking nice wine," she told Rolling Stone magazine. Adele is now number nine in the Sunday Times Rich List for British music stars under the age of 30. Despite this, she remains the same as ever. In a recent interview with the Telegraph, she described how she enjoys her success: "Money doesn't matter to me-I've never had it. I give a lot to Great Ormond Street Hospital, monthly... It's important to me that I give, because people always helped me and my mom out when we needed it." 5. According to the author, what makes Adele so unusual is that A. she is ordinary B. she has a lot of famous songs C. she cares about the look D. her life is full of drama 6. Which of the following is NOT true about the honors Adele won? A. She has broken 3 Guinness Records. B. Her album 21 was number one in UK for 11 weeks. C. She earned 3 prizes for best album 21 in USA. D. She was awarded top adult modern performer in USA. 7. The underlined words kicked off in the 4th paragraph probably mean ． A. kicked a goal B. began C. was discovered D. remained the same 8. Which of the following can show Adele's personality? A. She still speaks with her London accent. B. She doesn't like her body shape. C. She likes drinking wine too much. D. She is tired of going to the gym. C AAAGH! The Generation 90s is coming! Wearing earphones, using complex Net language and constantly text messaging friends, the Gen-90s following the Gen-80s begin to make their world debut （初次登台） ． Each generation or age group has its own symbols and lifestyle．Read on and judge for yourselves if you fit the Gen-90s group． Earphones These little devices seem to grow on the heads of the Gen-90s．They might lead to MP3, MP4 or MP101 players, giving these young people a plugged-in, cool and perhaps self-addicted （自恋的） look, of course, life is not always music to the ears． Martian language They have created their own code-like online language．It’s a mixture of English, Japanese and Chinese that perhaps only Martians can understand．This is an imaginative generation, though they need to be careful to keep it out of their term papers． Self-Portrait Saying “cheese” to their own digital cameras is usual for this generation．A little bit of narcissism （自恋） never hurts anyone．It helps them reflect a little on their own lives．But be aware of the risks of posting private photos online．
Text-messaging They can type their mobile phones as fast as they can speak．This is a generation that respects efficiency．However, oral communication is important and will never go out of style． 9．According to the passage, if you belong to the Gen-90s , you will ____________ ． A．just appreciate yourself and ignore others’ strengths． B．like music and dance very much． C．have the same symbols and lifestyle of the Gen-80s． D．have your own symbols and lifestyle． 10．According to the text, the writer will choose ______ as a good example to the Gen-90． A．Zhang Chao is not only an imaginative boy but do everything efficiently． B．Li Hua likes music and always wearing ipod C．Lily is a shy girl and she doesn’t like making friends． D．Fang fang likes being taken photos and often posting them on line． 11．According to this passage, which is NOT true? A．They don’t use the cool and complex online language in formal writing． B．They type their mobile phones so fast that it can catch the speed of speaking． C．Not all teens are cautious about posting photos． D．The Gen-90s have a preference for some music players, and even regard them as a necessary part of life． 12．The main idea of the passage is about________． A．the Gen-90s’ happy life B．the difference between the Gen-80s and the Gen-90s C．the Gen-90s’ unique lifestyle and some practical warnings D．the similarities between the Gen-80s and the Gen-90s D What will power your house in the future？Nuclear，wind，or solar power？According to scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology(MIT)in the US，it might be leaves—but artificial(人造的)ones. Natural leaves are able to change sunlight and water into energy. It is known as photosynthesis( 光合作用 ) ． Now researchers have found a way to imitate this seemingly simple process. The artificial leaf developed by Daniel Nocera and his colleagues at MIT can be seen as a special silicon chip with catalysts(催化剂)．Similar to natural leaves，it can split water into hydrogen and oxygen when put into a bucket of water. The hydrogen and oxygen gases are then stored in a fuel cell，which uses those two materials to produce electricity，located either on top of a house or beside the house. Though the leaf is only about the shape of a poker card，scientists claimed that it is promising to be an inexpensive source of electricity in developing countries.” One can imagine villages in India and Africa not long from now purchasing an affordable basic power system based on this technology，”said Nocera at a conference of the American Chemical Society. The artificial leaf is not a new idea. The first artificial leaf was invented in 1997 but was too expensive and unstable for practical use. The new leaf，by contrast，is made of cheap materials， easy to use and highly stable. In laboratory studies，Nocera showed that an artificial leaf prototype(原型)could operate continuously for at least 45 hours without a drop in activity. The wonderful improvements come from Nocera's recent discovery of several powerful， new and inexpensive catalysts. These catalysts make the energy transformation inside the leaf more efficient with water and sunlight. Right now，the new leaf is about 10 times more efficient at carrying out photosynthesis than a natural one. Besides，the device can run in whatever water is available；that is，it doesn't need pure water. This is important for some countries that don't
have access to pure water. With the goal to “make each home its own power station” and “give energy to the poor”， scientists believe that the new technology could be widely used in developing countries， especially in India and rural China. 13．Which of the following orders correctly shows how the artificial leaf is used to produce electricity? a．artificial leaves split water into hydrogen and oxygen b．the hydrogen and oxygen gases are stored in a fuel cell c．the artificial leaves are put in water d．the fuel cell uses hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity A．c，b，a，d B．c，a，b，d C．b，c，a，d D．c，a，d，b 14．The purpose of the scientists at MIT in developing the new artificial leaf is to________. A．build up more power stations in the world B．offer people in developing countries access to pure water C．provide cheaper energy for developing countries D．gain a deeper understanding of the photosynthesis process 15．The main idea of this passage is ________. A．an introduction to the history of artificial leaves B．an invention copying photosynthesis C．giving energy to the poor D．a mixture of water power and solar energy 第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 Doctors in the United States say babies began learning on their first day of life. Research scientists at the institute note that babies are strongly influenced by their environment. They say a baby will smile if his mother does something the baby likes. 16 This is how babies learn to connect and communicate with other human beings at the beginning of their life. 17 They say newborn babies can recognize and understand sounds they heard while they were still developing in their mothers. The study shows that babies can learn before they are born. First of all, the researchers placed a tape recorder on the stomach of a pregnant woman. 18 On the day the baby was born, the researchers attempted to find if he knew the sounds of the story repeated while in his mother. 19 20 But if the baby moved his mouth the other way, he would hear a different story. The researchers say the baby clearly liked the story he heard before he was born. They say the baby would move his mouth so he could hear the story again and again. A .Then, they played a recording of a short story. B. The baby would hear the story if he moved his mouth one way. C. Researchers studied the children from the age of one month to three years. D. They did this by placing a piece of equipment in the mouth of the newborn baby. E. Many experts say the first years of a child’s life are important for all later development. F. A baby learns to get the best care possibly by smiling to please his mother or other caregiver(s). G. The American researchers say this ability to learn about sounds exists in a baby even before birth.
第二部分 完形填空（共 20 小题；每题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后所给的四个选项（A, B, C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选 项 I once had a teacher whose husband died suddenly of heart attack. About a week after his death, she __21__ some of her thoughts with a classroom of students. As the late afternoon sunlight shone _22__ the classroom windows, and when the class was nearly over, she __23__ a few things aside on the edge of her desk and sat down. With a __24__ look on her face, she paused and said, “__25__ class is over, I'd like to share with all of you a deep __26__ which I feel is very important. Each of us is put here on __27__ to learn, share, love, appreciate and give of ourselves. _28_ of us knows when this fantastic experience will__29__. It can be taken away at any moment. Perhaps this is the God’s __30__ of telling us that we must make the __31__ of every single day. ” Her eyes were beginning to _32__, but she went on, “So I would like you all to make me a __33__: From now on, on your way to school, or on your way home, find something beautiful to __34__. It doesn’t have to be something you see. It could be a __35__ of freshly baked bread floating out of someone’s house, or it could be the sound of the soft __36__ rustling（使发出沙 沙声）the leaves in the trees…Please look for these things, and __37__ them, for at anytime they can all be taken away…” The class was completely __38__. We all picked up our books and went out of the room silently. That __39__, I observed many more beautiful things on my way home from school than usual. Remember: Life is not __40__by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath away. 21. A. learned B. shared C. argued D. discussed 22. A. onto B. into C. across D. through 23. A. moved B. brushed C. swept D. pulled 24. A. surprised B. worried C. gentle D. strange 25. A. After B. Unless C. Before D. If 26. A. feeling B. understanding C. love D. memory 27. A. business B. time C. duty D. earth 28. A. None B. All C. Each D. Neither 29. A. happen B. begin C. end D. gain 30. A. way B. signal C. plan D. arrangement 31. A. least B. worst C. lowest D. most 32. A. ache B. water C. shine D. dry 33. A. promise B. choice C. wish D. rule 34. A. buy B. enjoy C. take D. learn 35. A. smell B. gift C. taste D. sight 36. A. wind B. hand C. light D. color 37. A. get B. appreciate C. hide D. follow 38. A. puzzled B. excited C. quiet D. anxious 39. A. morning B. night C. noon D. afternoon 40. A. wasted B. measured C. saved D. lost
第 II 卷(非选择题 共 50 分)
第三部分 语篇形语法填空题(共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 ★★★请将答案写在答题卡上 Why is pink or purple a color for girls and blue or brown for boys? The answer depends largely 41 cultural values as well as personal experiences. To the Egyptians, green was a color 42 represented the hope and joy of spring, while for Muslims, it means heaven. Red is a symbol of good luck in many cultures. During the Spring Festival in China, children 43 (give) money in a red envelope to bring good fortune in the New Year. For many nations, blue is a symbol of protection and religious beliefs. Greek people often wear a blue necklace hoping to protect 44 against evils（灾祸）. People’s 45 (choose) of colors is also influenced by their bodies’ reactions toward them. Green is said to be 46 most restful color. It has the ability to reduce pain and relax people both mentally 47 physically. People 48 (work) in green environment have been found to have fewer stomach aches. Red can cause a person’s blood pressure to rise and increase people’s appetites（食欲）. Many decorators will include different shades of red in the restaurant. And many commercial websites will have a red “Buy Now” button because red is a color that 49 (easy) catches a person’s eye. Blue is another calming color. Unlike red, blue is believed to cause people to lose appetite. So 50 you want to eat less, some suggest that eating from blue plates can help.
参考答案 一．阅读理解（(共 20 小题,每小题 2 分满分 40 分） 1—5 BDDAA 6—10 CBD DA11—15 ACBCB 16—20 FGADB
二．完型填空（共 20 小题；每题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 21-25BDACC 26-30 BDACA 31-35.DBABA 36-40ABCDB
三．语法填空： 41. on / upon 42. that /which 43. are given 44. themselves 45. choice 46. the 47. and 48. working 49. easily 50 if / when
四．短文改错 1．:but→and 2. 去掉第二个 in 3. an→a 4 their→my5. :在 moved 后加 into/to 8. I 后加 am 9. much→more 10. doing→do
6 make→made 7. interesting→interested
五．作文范文 Hello, everyone. It’s an honor to give you a speech about what we can do for our school, and I think each of us can do something. The first thing we can do is to make our campus more beautiful. Every one of us may plant a tree in the school, or organize a thorough cleaning on the campus. We can also form a good habit of putting the rubbish in the trashcan. The second thing we can do is to protect the facilities in our school. When we leave the classroom, we should never forget to turn off the light or close the door. We should not leave the tap water running or waste any materials in the laboratory class.If everyone does one thing for our school, I believe we will turn our school into a better
place to study and live in. That’ all. Thank you for listening!