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天全中学 2015—2016 学年上期高二第 10 周周考 英 语 试 题
(满分 100 分 时间 35 分钟) 班级: 姓名: 命题人:龚 敏 成绩:

IMAGINE that your parents have bought you the most advanced robot. He looks like a real person. He talks to you and plays with you. He can even think for himself and figure out what you need. It may feel as if you have a considerate new brother who keeps you company all the time. But come to think of it, can you really trust him? Ever since the first robot was created decades ago, scientists have obsessed(迷恋)over the task of making robots more like humans. However, as they have gotten closer to that goal, doubts have grown. According to the BBC, Japanese robot designer Masahiro Mori argues that the more lifelike robots become, the more humans feel a connection to them. But once they become too similar to humans, people begin to feel uncomfortable. This theory is what led to the creation of a brand new robot in Switzerland earlier this month. Roboy, as the new machine is called, has various human-like abilities such as hand-shaking and bicycle-riding, but instead of a skin-like covering, Roboy is wrapped in shiny white armor that clearly indicates its robot status. “As long as people can clearly see that the robot is a mac hine, even if they project their feelings into it, then they feel comfortable, ”Rolf Pfeifer, the creator of Roboy from the University of Zurich, Switzerland, told the BBC. But the problem that people have with robots is not just with the way they look. It also has to do with the roles that they play in our lives. A survey last year of European Union countries showed that 88 percent of those interviewed agreed that robots are“necessary as they can do jobs

that are too hard or dangerous for people”, such as space exploration and war fighting. But when it comes to taking care of children, 60 percent of respondents said that robots should not be allowed to participate, because as robots become more sophisticated(先进的), parents may be tempted to hand over too much responsibility to them. No matter what, robots will soon enter our homes, Pfeifer said. What is not yet clear is whether they will act more like servants who work for us or companions who live with us. 1. What is the purpose of the text? A. To introduce the newly-invented robot, Roboy. B. To discuss problems related to designing robots. C. To explore the roles robots will play in our future lives. D. To argue what kinds of robots appeal to people more. 2. Why did Pfeifer make Roboy look like a robot? A. To better protect it. modern. C. To distinguish it clearly from a human. D. To keep its price down. B. To make it look cool and

3. According to the second-to-last paragraph, most of the people interviewed .

A. welcome robots into their homes B. believe robots are useful for certain dangerous tasks C. think families with children shouldn’t use robots for housework D. are afraid that children will become less responsible if robots take care of them 4. Which best describes the author’s tone in the article? A. Objective. Anxious. B. Critical. C. Admiring. D.

On the course, the first step of the lead usually means the final

victory, so the success and failure of your life may lie in whether you dare to 1 yourself. 2 to answer questions in class. Whenever 3 my head, for fear that the

As a student, I was most

the professor asked a question, I always professor saw me.

In a language class, an expert from the Commercial Bank The speaker always 5


a lecture.

someone to be working together with him, so he asked 6 . The

how many students in the classroom learned economics, but no one expert said with a smile, “Let me tell you a story first. ” “When I first came to the United States to lectures delivered in the university. I found a(n) 10 9 8 7

, there were often

the beginning of every lecture,

phenomenon. The students around me always took a cardboard 11 in bold with the most eye-catching color, 12 , he

in half, wrote their

and then placed it on the seat. So when the speakers need their could see and call listeners’ names 13 . ”

“I couldn’t understand, so I asked the student in front of me. He told me with a smile that the speakers are all top-ranking people, mean opportunities. When your answer is 15 14

his satisfaction, it is very

likely that he will give you more opportunities. This is a very simple 16 .” “The fact was also like that. I really saw a few of my classmates went to 17 in the first-class companies because of the excellent insights( 洞 18 on me. The chance will not 19 you itself. You

察力). It had a great

must show yourself constantly to on the card for yourself. ” 1. A. show 2. A. eager 3. A. raised 4. A. attended B. apply

20 others’ attention to find a chance

C. help C. excited C. lowered C. organized

D. enjoy D. ashamed D. shook D.

B. afraid B. nodded B. suggested

delivered 5. A. persuaded 6. A. learned 7. A. study 8. A. Before 9. A. meaningful mysterious 10. A. divided 11. A. answers 12. A. tips 13. A. directly seriously 14. A. which 15. A. against B. it B. for B. trick C. who C. to D. they D. C. story B. folded B. questions B. responses B. carefully C. cut C. ages C. suggestions C. eagerly D. torn D. names D. notes D. B. forced B. responded B. work B. Since B. important C. ordered C. noticed C. teach C. After D. wanted D. cared D. travel D. Until

C. interesting D.

beyond[学|科 16. A. chance D. reason 17. A. serve 18. A. impression stress[学 19. A. avoid D.support[来源 om] 20. A. pay Attract B. bring B. help B. apply B. effect

C. employ C. attraction

D. join D.

C. find

C. serve


第三节 短文改错(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分) ( A)
One night, while Xiao Ming and his father were sleeping, a thief which face was covered with a piece of cloth entered the room quietly, held a knife in his hand. Although he tried to walk

as quietly as possibly, but Xiao Ming and his father were woken up. Realizing what had happened, they fight bravely against the thief. Suddenly Xiao Ming came up an idea. He threw a drawing pin on the floor where the thief might pass. Like expected, the thief stepped on a pin and was badly hurt. Screaming in great pain, the thieves fell down. Xiao Ming and his father took the chance to tie the thief up. With Xiao finally won the unexpected battle. Ming’s clever, they

(B )
I was a honest child indeed. I didn’t dare to tell lies because of my eyes often let the secret out. I remembered telling a lie to my parents, and I could hard fix eyes on my father’s face, let alone my mother’s eyes. I glan ced here and there, up and down nervous. However, after I came to Beijing, I no longer have to worry about my nervous eyes because everything I wanted to speak was sent by letter. I found myself often tell small lies. I wrote “I’m well in Beijing. I enjoy the food selling at the university. And at weekends, I often buy fried chickens or pork to eat. ”

天全中学 2015—2016 学年上期高二第 10 周周考 英语参考答案
【文章大意】机器人越来越多地参与了人们的工作和生活 , 我们能一直信任它们 吗? 1. 【解析】选 B。主旨大意题。随着科技的发展, 机器人越来越多地参与了人们 的工作和生活。本文主要探讨了两个问题: 其外观设计与人类太相似让人感到不 舒服; 其功能设计上应该是 servants 还是 companions? 故正确答案为 B。 2. 【解析】选 C。细节理解题。从第四段可知, 设计者们故意把机器人的外壳设 计成白色的亮闪闪的装甲, 从而非常清楚地表明它是机器人。distinguish A from B 把 A 和 B 区分开来。 3. 【解析】选 B。细节理解题。从倒数第二段可知, 大部分被采访的人认为在一 些高危或艰苦的工作环境下应该使用机器人。但是他们不赞成让机器人带孩子 , 因为这样有可能让父母把过多的责任移交给机器人,这也许是不安全的, 所以 B 为 正确答案。 4.【解析】选 A。观点态度题。作者在文章中没有明确地表达自己的观点, 只是客 观地阐述, 故选 A

【文章大意】一位演讲者向大家讲述了一个道理: 要敢于展示自己, 引起别人的 注意, 这是获得机会, 取得成功的必备条件。 1.【解析】选 A。词义复现题。根据最后一段最后一句话“你要不断地展示自己才 能够找到吸引别人的机会。”可知要填入 A 项。 2.【解析】选 B。推理判断题。根据本段最后一句“害怕老师看到我”可知作者害 怕回答问题。 3. 【解析】 选 C。 背景常识题。 “害怕老师看到”, 上课时就会低着头。 lower 使?? 低。 4. 【解析】 选 D。 推理判断题。 背景是在课堂上, 主语是 expert, 宾语是 lecture, 可推知此处指讲课。deliver a lecture 讲课。 5. 【解析】选 D。推理判断题。根据下文的动作 to be working together with him 可推知演讲者想要学生与他合作。want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事。 6. 【解析】选 B。词义辨析题。根据主语 no one 可知没有学生对他的要求做出答 复。learn 学习; respond 回应, 答复; notice 注意到; care 关心, 在乎。 7.【解析】选 A。推理判断题。根据下文 in the university 可知演讲者来美国上 大学。 8. A【解析】选 A。推理判断题。学生做一些让老师喊自己的准备是在课前做好的, 以备上课时用。 9. 【解析】 选 C。 推理判断题。 根据上下文可知演讲者之前从未见过这样的现象, 故 认为是“有趣的”。 10.【解析】选 B。背景常识题。一张写着名字的卡片放在座位上让老师能看得见, 应该是立在那里的而不是平放着, 故会折叠(fold)成可以站立的样子。 11.【解析】选 D。词汇复现题。在下文出现了 listeners’ names。

12.【解析】选 B。推理判断题。老师如果需要学生的回答时, 会喊他们的名字。 tip 与 suggestion 意为“建议”; response 回答; note 笔记。 13. 【解析】 选 A。 词义辨析题。 老师喊学生的名字的方式应该为直接地(directly)。 carefully 小心地; eagerly 渴望地; seriously 严肃地。 14.【解析】选 C。语法结构题。分析句子结构可知要填入的应是引导定语从句的 关系代词, 排除 B、D 两项; 因为先行词是 top-ranking people, 故选 C 项。 15. 【解析】选 C。习语搭配题。to one’s satisfaction 使某人感到满意的是, 是固定短语。 16. 【解析】 选 D。 推理判断题。 根据前面的句意“当你的答案使他感到满意时, 他 就很可能给你更多的机会”可推知这就是学生们想要引起老师注意的原因。 17.【解析】选 A。推理判断题。根据前文知道事实就是那些演讲者会对你有所帮 助, 给你更多的机会。所以很多同学在一流的公司都找到了工作 , 即他们都在大 公司就职。 18. 【解析】 选 B。 习语搭配题。 根据句意“这对我有很大的影响。 ”可知填入 effect, 因为 have an effect on 对??有影响。 19. 【解析】 选 C。 词义辨析题。 根据句意“机会不会自己来找你。 ”可知填入 find。 avoid 避免; help 帮助; support 支持。 20.【解析】选 D。推理判断题。根据前文的内容可知向别人展现你自己可以“吸 引”别人的注意, 给自己找到更好的机会。另外, attract one’s attention 也 是常见搭配。

第三节 短文改错(共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)
(A) 1. 【解析】第一句中的which→whose 此处是一个定语从句, 关系代词在从句 中作定语, 故用whose。 2. 【解析】第一句中的 held→holding 分析句子结构可知这一动作在句中作伴 随状语, 且与主语为主动关系, 故采用现在分词形式。 3. 【解析】第二句中的 possibly→possible as. . . as possible 为固定短语。 4. 【解析】去掉第二句中的 but although 不能与 but 连用。 5. 【解析】第三句中的 fight→fought 根据上文可知此处指发生在过去的事情, 故用一般过去时。 6. 【解析】在第四句中的 up 后加上 with come up with 提出。 7. 【解析】第六句中的 Like→As 根据句意可知需要“正如, 正像”之意, 此外 As 后可加省略的非谓语动词形式。 8. 【解析】第六句中的 a→the 再次提到前面的名词, 应为特指, 故用定冠词。 9. 【解析】第七句中的 thieves→thief 根据上下文可知只有一个小偷, 故改为 单数。 10. 【解析】第九句中的 clever→cleverness 名词所有格之后应用名词。 (B) 1. 【解析】将第一句中的 a 改为 an。honest 是以元音音素开头, 需要用 an。 2. 【解析】将第二句中的 of 去掉。这里是一个原因状语从句。 3. 【解析】将第三句中的 hard 改为 hardly。hardly 表示几乎不。 4. 【解析】在第三句的 fix 之后加 my。fix one’s eyes on 凝视于?? 。 5. 【解析】将第四句中的 nervous 改为 nervously。修饰动词 glance, 用副词。

6. 【解析】将第五句中的 have 改为 had。全文基本时态是过去时。 7. 【解析】将第五句中的 speak 改为 say。speak 一般跟语言, say 后接说话的内 容。 8. 【解析】将第六句中的 tell 改为 telling。作 found 的宾语补足语, 表示正在 做?? 。 9. 【解析】将第八句中的 selling 改为 sold。the food 与 sell 之间为被动关系, 所以用过去分词短语作后置定语。 10. 【解析】将第九句中的 chickens 改为 chicken。chicken 作“鸡肉”讲, 为 不可数名词。

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