高二英语开学测汇编六 七选五 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余选项。 （一） We all hope to achieve success in many areas of our lives, but sometimes the road to success seems to be paved with difficulties
and events that we haven’t planned for. The following steps will help you to clearly define what it is that you hope to achieve in life so that you can make your goals and dreams become a reality. 1． Make sure that you’re motivated and committed to what you hope for so that you are willing to take the necessary steps to achieve it. 2． If you truly desire to achieve success in life, you must be wiling to clear away what prevents you from reaching your goals and dreams. Approach your goals and dreams with a positive attitude. Having a negative attitude and thinking you can’t accomplish your goals and be successful in life only slow you down. Stay positive even if the road gets tough. 3． Be flexible and creative. Things may not always turn out the way you hoped or planned, so sometimes you’ll have to think of new, more efficient ways to reach your goals. Communicate effectively. 4． So knowing how to be clear and kind when dealing with others is a skill that will greatly serve you on your path to success. Take care of your mind and body. Eat healthily, exercise regularly, get adequate sleep and allow your mind to rest from time to time. 5． A. Set a clear goal for yourself. B. This isn’t a one-man show. C. Overcome difficulties D. Thus you’ll be much closer to achieving success. E. Imagine living your dreams. F. This way you’ll be in top physical and mental shape when seeking success. G. Then enjoy your new shape and become more content with your appearance. 【答案】 1．A 2．C 3．D 4．B 5．F 【解析】 1．A 根据下方提到 Make sure that you’re motivated and committed to what you hope for so that you are willing to take the necessary steps to achieve it 确保你有动 机，承诺你所希望的，为的是你乐意采取措施去完成，故选 A 给自己设定一个目标； 2．C 根据下方提到 If you truly desire to achieve success in life, you must be willing to clear away what prevents you from reaching your goals and dreams 如果你努力去 获得成功，你一定要清除阻止你达到目标的那些事情，故选 C 克服困难； 3．D 根据上文提到 Stay positive even if the road gets tough 即使道路很艰难也要保 持乐观，故选 D 因此你就更能接近成功。
4．B 根据上文提到 Communicate effectively 有效地交流，故选 B ，这不是一个人的表演， 连接下方，承上启下； 5．F 根据上文提到 Eat healthily, exercise regularly, get adequate sleep and allow your mind to rest from time to time 吃得健康，定期的健身，充足的睡眠，时不时让你 的想法休息，故选 F 用这种方式，你就能在寻找成功的路上，身心高亢。 【难度】一般
（二） Health is the most important thing in the world. Nothing is more important than health. If one takes away our money, houses, cars, or even our clothes, we can still survive. ___That is why we always try to eat in a healthy way and exercise often. How can we keep healthy? In order to eat healthily, I usually avoid eating food high in fat, like French fries or cookies, which are junk foods._ __ Besides, I only eat a little meat. ___ Taking exercise every day helps us build a strong body. Regular exercise is an important part of keeping me healthy. What’s more, I think friends are important part of one’s health.__ __ I always feel better when I am with friends than I am alone. When I am with my friends, I always laugh. Laughing is also an important part of health. It is good to stay with my friends. By eating properly and exercising regularly, I can keep my body at a proper weight and keep healthy. By spending time with my friends, I can keep my mind as well as my body happy. These things sound easy to do, but not many people can manage them. ___ A.Some people appear fat because they often eat too much. B.I eat a lot of vegetables and fresh fruit which are full of vitamins. C.I think a strong will is necessary if we want to keep healthy. D.But if our health is taken away, it is certain that we will surely die. E.On the other hand, doing exercise is very important. F.There are some people who like staying alone, but they keep healthy. G.Many studies show that people with a narrow range of social contacts often get sick. 【答案】 D B E G C 【解析】 试题分析：文章大意：本文主要介绍了几种让我们保持健康的方法。 1．根据上句 If we take away our money, houses, cars or even our clothes, we can still survive.说明没有了钱，我们还能活着，要是没有了健康，我们就什么也没有了。故 D 符合
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
上下文。 2．根据下一句 I eat a lot of vegetables and fresh fruit 说明我们吃很多的蔬菜和水 果，吃肉很少。故 B 项符合上下文。 3．根据下句 Taking exercise 说明本段是讨论锻炼对于健康的好处。E 项符合上下文。 4．本段讲述的朋友对于健康的好处，有丰富的社交网络的人身体更好，更不容易生病。G 项符合上下文。 5．根据前一句 These things sound easy to do, but not many people can manage them. 说明这些事情听起来很容易， 但是做起来却有难度， 主要是人们缺乏毅力。 C 项符合上下文。 【难度】一般 （三） Good morning everyone! Today I want to talk about how to deal with our children’s homework. As we know, homework is a great way for children to develop learning skill. So as parents, you should pay attention to it. _______1________ Avoid having your child do homework with the television on or in places with different noises, such as people coming and going. Make sure your child has all the materials he needs. Ask your child if special materials will be needed for some subjects and get them in advance. _______2_____. Help your child use time properly. Tell them not to watch TV unless they finish their homework in time. _____3______Don’ t let your child leave homework until just before bedtime. When your child asks for help, provide guidance（提供指导）, not answers. Giving answers means your child will not learn the material. _____4_______At the same time, you should keep in touch with teachers, which shows your child that the school and home are a team. ________5_______ If your child has been successful in homework and is working hard, celebrate that success with a special event to make him happy. I am sure your child will be interested in doing homework if you take my advice. Thank you! A. Praise （表扬）progress in homework. B. Tell your child how important homework is. C. Make sure your child has a quiet place to do homework. D. For example, y ou should buy some paper, pencils, dictionaries and so on when you do some shopping. E. Make a set time each day for doing homework F. Be positive about homework. G. Too much help is bad for your child’s study. 【答案】 1. C 2. D
3. E 4. G 5. A 【解析】
（四） Many people’s English in reading or writi ng is good, but most of their spoken English is poor. How to improve your spoken English? Here are some tips. Listen to a lot of high-quality spoken English. Listen to a higher level of language if you want good English. As a beginner, listen to instructional CDs or software. When you are ready, listen to quality news, documentaries and movies in English. 1 You will need a lot of listening to improve your English, so comm it to listening for an hour or mare every day. 2 Read in English every day to increase your vocabulary. Read material you understand but gradually increase its challenge level. Try to read for 30 minutes to one hour every day. Record your spoken English and listen to the playback. Try to hear your own strong and weak points. If you are taking an English class at a school with a language lab, ask for pronunciation software. Listen to the speakers, record your own speech and play it back to compare. 3___
Pay attention to grammar when you speak. If you don’t know the rules, take a grammar class and ask English-speaking friends to correct you. 4 Language learning experts believe that we learn grammar better by hearing and reading the language. 5． Seek out opportunities to talk to English speakers. Join a club, talk to travelers and make new friends who speak English. Enjoy activities with English speakers so that you use English in real-life situations. Speaking our thoughts aloud will also help you improve your oral English. A.Read to challenge yourself. B.This practice will help you improve your pronunciation. C.Improve your fluency(熟练）by speaking English every day. D.Your need to learn good English for business or academic purposes. E.If you don’t live in an English-speaking country, find those sources on the Internet. F. When you are alone at home or in the car, you can also speak English out loud for practice. G. However, don’t expect grammar exercises t o take the place of listening and reading. 【答案】 E A B G C 【解析】 试题分析：许多人英语阅读和写作能力很好但口语很差，文章讲述提高口语的方法。 1．E 根据上文提到 When you are ready, listen to quality news, documentaries and movies in English 如果你准备好的话可以听一些高质量的新闻和英语电影。故选 E.如果你 没有住在说英语的国家，也可以在找一些材料。 2．A 根据下方提到 Read in English every day to increase your vocabulary.用英语阅 读会增加你的词汇，故选 A 用阅读来挑战自己，故选 A 项。 3．B 根据上文提到 Listen to the speakers, record your own speech and play it back to compare.听人说，录下自己的发音，进行对比，故选 B 这种练习会提高你的发音。 4．G 根据 If you don’t know the rules, take a grammar class and ask English-speaking friends to correct you.如果你不知道规则的话，上一些语法课，让一些说英语的朋友来 纠正你，故选 G 然而不要期望语法来代替你的听力和阅读。 5. C 根据下方提到 Seek out opportunities to talk to English speakers 寻找机会多与 人对话， 【难度】一般 （五） If I ask you, “ How do you feel about success?” What will be your answer? Most people will say: __ I want more of it. I deserve it. I am working towards it. Why are those feelings so common? When they think of succeeding they think of
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
material comforts, they think of happiness, and they think of honor. Certainly, being successful can include all of these things and more. Now here’s a personal question: What is success? You see, personal success comes in many different forms. If you want to be successful in your life, then the very first thing you should do is to take the time to decide exactly what that means to you. Never mind what it means to anyone else. What does it mean to you? __ Society seems to base the whole idea of bei ng successful on how much money a person earns. But many so-called succes sful people are very unhappy in their personal life. So you should have a personal idea of what being successful means to you. This is the only way to make your success truly meaningful. A.I feel great about it. B.Then set right goals. C.You will feel more successful immediately. D.Your idea of being successful might not be the same as mine. E.Think about what being successful would feel like. F.To some people, being successful means earning a lot of money. G.Because most of the people feel that being successful is a good thing. 【答案】 1. A 2. G 3. D 4. F 5. B 【解析】 试题分析：本文写了关于成功的不同见解，并且教会人们怎样建立目标达到成功的目的。 1．A 考查对上下文的理解能力。由后文 I want more of it. I deserve it 可知主语都是 我，所以可知选 A。 2．G 考查对上下文的理解能力。后文 Why are those feelings so common?由 why 提问可 知用 because 回答，所以选 G。 3 ． D 考查对上下文的理解能力。由前文 You see, personal success comes in many different forms 可知成功可能来自于不同的形式，所以可知后文说的你的成功和我的可能 不一样，故选 D。 4．F 考查对上下文的理解能力。由后文 Society seems to base the whole idea of being successful on how much money a person earns. 可知社会容易用一个人赚多少钱来衡量 他多成功，可知选 F。 5．B 考查对上下文的理解能力。由后文可知这样才能实现成功，所以前文可能是建立目标， 故选 B。 【难度】一般 （六） Have you ever been in a situation where you have done something just to make someone
else happy? You think that you are making yourself happy. I have done that many times because I wanted to impress people or I thought that if I made someone else happy it would certainly make me happy. I understand that all of us want our close friends and family to be proud of us, so we work hard in school or in our careers to meet their expectations. But if you are trying to realize other people’s dreams without keeping yourself satisfied, you will never be happy. So you have to be clear and honest with yourself about what you want in your life. If you are honest with yourself, you will be more optimistic. You feel like you won’t need to ac hieve something for someone else. __ They fear to be rejected(排斥) by others. They think and say “If I choose this job or career path, that person will think I am out of my mind”, or “I really want to start this business but those people will think that I won’t make any money”. __ Don’t think this way. If you follow other people’s wishes but cannot be true to yourself, you will have a hard time feeling great about yourself. A. The truth is that you are really trying to make someone else happy. B. So why don’t I follow what they say？ C. And you will develop a drive from your heart. D. So we should try our best to realize our dreams. E. But we sometimes have to meet expectations from others. F. Why do so many people want to live their dreams for someone else? G. There is nothing wrong with that. 【答案】 1. A 2. G 3. C 4. F 5. B 【解析】 试题分析:你曾经为了使别人快乐而干某些事吗？有时候，我们会通过做某些使得别人快乐 的事来达到使自己快乐的目的，这些人通常是我们的朋友和家人。 1． A 考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。 根据后面的 I have done that many times because I wanted to impress people or I thought that if I made someone else happy it would certainly make me happy.可知我们会做一些使得别人快乐的事，A 选项 The truth is that you are really trying to make someone else happy.，符合，故选 A。 ．G 考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。上文 we work hard in school or in our careers to meet their expectations. 下文 But if you are trying to realize other people’s dreams without keeping yourself satisfied, you will never be happy.之间需要连接， 故 G 选项 There is nothing wrong with that.承上启下，符合，所以选择 G. 3．C 考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。上文 So you have to be clear and honest with yourself about what you want in your life. 及下文 You feel like you won’t need to achieve something for someone else.可知如果你能从内心产生动力，你就能获得自我的 成功，C 选项 And you will develop a drive from y our heart.，符合，故选 C。
4． F 考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。 下文 They fear to be rejected(排斥) by others. 他们会担心别人的拒绝， 以及接下来的担心都是人们想要实现别人的梦想来是他们认可自己 的原因，F 选项 Why do so many people want to live their dreams for someone else? 符合，故选 F。 5．B 考查对上下文的理解和推理判断能力。下文的 Don’t think this way. If you follow other people’s wishes but cannot be true to yourself, you will have a hard time feeling great about yourself 可知是希望我们不要根据别人的观点来生活，Don’t think this way 是对 B 选项 So why don’t I follow what they say？问题的回答，故选 B. 【难度】较难
Travel Light Getting away for a short time always seems like a great idea—until you have to pack. The rule is: pack light. Here are some tips to help you pack. 1. Make a list. Think of what you need from your head to your toes. When you’ve done this once, it’ll be easier next time. 2. Consider buying small-size samples of shampoo, toothpaste, and other items at your local drugstore. You can reuse the plastic containers next time you go away too. 3. Choosing which clothes to bring is probably the hardest packing decision to make. Think once again from head to toe — hat, shirts, jeans, sneakers, etc. Once you’ve picked out what you want to bring, think carefully. Do you really need that extra pair of jeans? If so, fine. Don’t try to fool yourself. You are the one who will be left holding the bag. 4. Weather is an important factor in your packing. If it’s cold, you could wear a jacket, a - sweater, a regular shirt, and a T-shirt. Putting them on will keep you warm. Remember how much easier it will be to carry your bag! As for shoes, you may want to call ahead to see if dress shoes are necessary. If so, one pair will be enough, along with one pair of comfortable shoes. Remember that it is you who have been invited somewhere, not your things. So, do it right—pack light. A. Mixing and matching is a smart and easy way to lighten your load. B. But packing won’t be a problem if you remember one simple rule. C. You will have an easier time if you’re weighed down. D. But make sure they’re really worth the extra weight. E. It’s best to bring these things with you. F. And it’ll leave more room in your bag. G. Keep the list for future reference.
【答案】 1. B 2. G
3. D 4. F 5. C 【解析】 试题分析：轻松旅行小贴士：1.列一个单子想想需要什么。2.考虑买小袋的洗头膏、牙膏和 其他物品等。3. 选择要带的衣服。4. 考虑天气因素，根据天气冷暖带衣服和舒服的鞋子。 要记得是自己背着包，是你自己去游玩而不是东西。所以一定要轻装旅行。 1．考查的是上下文的语境理解能力。空的前一句的意思是：离开一段时间似乎总是不错的 主意---直到你要打包为止。后一句的意思是：这个规则就是：轻松打包。这里是帮您打包 的一些建议。所以中间填：如果只记住一个简单的规则打包就不是问题。可以前后呼应。故 选B 。 2．考查的是上下文的语境理解能力。空前一句的意思是：想想从头到脚你都需要什么。后 一句的意思是：一旦你这么做一次，下一次就简单多了。所以中间填：写个单子以备将来参 考。与后面的意思想吻合。故选 G。 3．考查的是上下文的语境理解能力。空前的意思是：想好要带的东西就行。.后一句的意思 是：不要企图欺骗自己。所以中间填：确保这些东西值得带上。和前后照应。故选 D。 4．考查的是上下文的语境理解能力。空前的意思是：天冷时穿上毛衣夹克衫等既暖和又... 当然后面是又节省包里的空间。后一句的意思是：记住包拿起来也容易的多。故选 F。 5．考查的是上下文的语境理解能力。空前的意思是：记住是你被邀请去某个地方而不是你 的东西。下一句是做对的事----轻装出行。所以中间表达：如果包的分量轻你也会很轻松。 此答案最佳。故选 C 。 【难度】一般