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高一英语暑假作业


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假期时间安排
时间 7 月 13 日 7 月 14 日 7 月 15 日 7 月 16 日 7 月 17 日 7 月 20 日 7 月 21 日 7 月 22 日 7 月 23 日 7 月 24 日 7 月 27 日 7 月 28 日 7 月 29 日 7 月 30 日 7 月 31 日 8月3日 8月4日 8月5日 8月6日 8月7日 8 月 10 日 8 月 11 日 学习任务 背 Module 1 Book 4 的单词及预习课文,做假期作业上的阅读 练习。 预习 Module 1 Book 4 的知识点,做假期作业的知识点练习 题。 预习 Module 1 Book 4 的知识点,做假期作业的知识点练习 题。 预习 Module 1 Book 4 的语法和做假期作业的语法练习题。 背 Module 2 Book 4 的单词及预习课文,做假期作业上的阅读 练习。 预习 Module 2 Book 4 的知识点,做假期作业的知识点练习 题。 预习 Module 2 Book 4 的知识点,做假期作业的知识点练习 题。 预习 Module 2 Book 4 的语法和做假期作业的语法练习题。 背 Module 3 Book 4 的单词及预习课文,做假期作业上的阅读 练习。 预习 Module 3 Book 4 的知识点,做假期作业的知识点练习 题。 预习 Module 3 Book 4 的知识点,做假期作业的知识点练习 题。 预习 Module 3 Book 4 的语法和做假期作业的语法练习题。 背 Module 4 Book 4 的单词及预习课文,做假期作业上的阅读 练习。 预习 Module 4Book 4 的知识点,做假期作业的知识点练习 题。 预习 Module 4 Book 4 的知识点,做假期作业的知识点练习 题。 预习 Module 4 Book 4 的语法和做假期作业的语法练习题。 背 Module 5 Book 4 的单词及预习课文,做假期作业上的阅读 练习。 预习 Module 5 Book 4 的知识点,做假期作业的知识点练习 题。 预习 Module 5 Book 4 的知识点,做假期作业的知识点练习 题。 预习 Module 5 Book 4 的语法和做假期作业的语法练习题。 背 Module 6 Book 4 的单词及预习课文,做假期作业上的阅读 练习。 预习 Module 6 Book 4 的知识点,做假期作业的知识点练习 题。

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8 月 12 日 8 月 13 日 8 月 14 日 8 月 17 日 8 月 18 日 8 月 19 日 8 月 20 日 8 月 21 日 8 月 24 日 8 月 25 日 8 月 26 日 8 月 27 日 8 月 28 日

预习 Module 6 Book 4 的知识点,做假期作业的知识点练习 题。 预习 Module 6 Book 4 的语法和做假期作业的语法练习题。 复习导学案上的的状语从句 复习导学案上的的状语从句 复习导学案上的定语从句 复习导学案上的定语从句 复习导学案上的定语从句 做假期作业模拟试题(一) 做假期作业模拟试题(一) 做假期作业模拟试题(一) 做假期作业模拟试题(二) 做假期作业模拟试题(二) 做假期作业模拟试题(二)

Module 1

Life in the Future (一)

Match them with the words or phrases. clinic disability mall net run out solar surgery urban online outdoors recreation

1.a problem which prevents you from doing something__________ 2.not in a building__________ 3.from the sun__________ 4.free time activities, such as sport and entertainment__________ 5.you can use this to catch a lot of fish at the same time__________ 6.through the Internet__________ 7.a place where you can get medical treatment__________ 8.to do with town or city life__________ 9.a shopping centre__________ 10.to use up or finish completely__________ 11.medical treatment in which the doctor cuts open your body__________ Step 1 Fast Reading Please read the text fast and then try to answer the following questions. 1).What is for sure about the cities in the future? A. They are getting bigger before they get smaller. B. They are getting smaller before they get bigger. C. They are getting more and more smaller. D. They will keep the same as today. 2).Will a man get his telephone number in the future? A. When he is 18 years old.
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B. When he is 14 years old. C. When he gets married. D. When he was born. 3).Which is not true in the year 2025 according to the text? A. no smoking B. batman nets C. garbage ships D. car powered by wind 4). Why do people care more about the environment in the future? A. Because they can use recycled materials. B. Because they have improved the sense of environment. C. Because the earth’s natural resources run out. D. Because there are more people in the world. 5). What can you do in the year 2025? A. You can go shopping in the malls. B. You can entertain freely. C. You have to go to hospital to get operated. D. You can smoke in your own room. Step 2 Intensive reading Now please read this passage carefully. While reading, please try to find out the answers to the following questions. You may discuss with your deskmate. 1.What have students in a Texas University done? 2.Where will garbage ships go? 3.Who will batman nets catch? 4.Where won’t people be allowed to smoke? 5.How will people go shopping? 6.What number will people keep for life? 7.What won’t people have to pay for? 8.How will cars be different? 9.What will the doctors do from a distance? 10.Where will old people go without moving? Step 3 Find the words or phrases in the text which mean these things. 1. not a wise thing to do __________ 2.someone who needs medical treatment but doesn’t need to stay in
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hospital __________ 3. remove __________ 4. old people __________ 5. you don’t have to pay for something __________ 6. a hole in the ground filled with garbage that can’t be recycled __________ Step 4、阅读课文 The City of the Future,完成下列表格 The City of the Future Items ●Garbage ships Changes The city will load huge spaceships with waste 1 and send them towards the sun. Police will 2 criminals by firing nets instead of guns. Smoking will be allowed only outside cities and 3 . All shopping will be done 4 ,and catalogues will have voice commands to place orders. Everyone will be given a 5 number at birth that will never change. All forms of recreation will be provided free of _____6___ by the city. All cars will be ___7_______ by electricity,solar energy or wind.And the ___8____ of cars can be easily changed. Distance surgery will become common with each city having its own telesurgery outpatient ___9____ . Senior citizens and disabled people can go anywhere in the world using high-tech cameras __10______ to their head. Each city will have its own ____11____ .

●Batman Nets

●Forget smoking ●Forget the malls

●Telephones for life

●Recreation

●Cars

●Telesurgery

●Holidays at home

●Space travel

限时训练:15 分钟 Do you have something in mind about our future life? Life in sixty years will obviously be very different from ? 1 ? is ? 2 ?.It is interesting to try to ? 3 ? life will be like ? 4 ?.? Our life style will be ? 5 ? in many ? 6 ?.For example,I think that
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everyone will live in ? 7 ?.There will be houses under the sea.? 8 ? people will get settled ? 9 on the moon and do scientific researches. Every house will have a wireless telephone. Solar energy will be ? 10 ? used in houses and factories.? As for education in the future,I think that children will start ? 11 ? at the age of 3.To some extent,computers will take the place of ? 12 ?.People will study ? 13 ? they are 30.? Our ? 14 ? life will be different too. It is ? 15 ? that people will only work 16 ? hours a day. At the age of forty,people will retire and do ? 17 ? they want.? ? 18 ?,when we think about the future of travel,it seems to me that most people will have a chance to ? 19 ? in space.? Our future is promising .Let’s work hard for ? 20 ? our beautiful ?future.?? 1. A. that B. which C. what D. how? 2. A. seem B. to be C. like D. appear? 3 .A. imagine B. make C. say D. live? 4. A. in future B. in the future C. at future D. for future ? 5. A. the same B. different C. rich D. poor? 6. A. countries B. nations C. homes D. ways? 7. A. forests B. mountains C. sea D. cities? 8. A. Some B. Most C. Every D. Very few ? 9. A. up B. down C. in D. with? 10. A. not B. widely C. for D. easily? 11. A. to eat B. to work C. school D. to speak ? 12. A. workers B. peasants C. scientists D. teachers? 13. A. to B. for C. until D. as ? 14. A. school B. working C. happy D. army ? 15.A. possible B. sure C. possibly D. perhaps? 16. A. forty B. fourteen C. four D. fourth? 17. A. what B. which C. whatever D. however ? 18. A. Then B. And C. Therefore D. Finally? 19. A. do shopping B. have medical examination C. study D. travel? 20. A. realizing B. imaging C. completing D. supposing

(二)
一 单词拼写: 1.It's dark, so you shouldn't ________(开关) off the lights in the classroom. 2.It is raining heavily outside and the children can't play games ________.(户 外) 3.Her job is to ________(贴)labels to the luggage of the passengers at the station. 4.We should value and make better use of our natural ________.(资源) 5. Skating and skiing are two ________ (娱乐) activities favored by children who
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live in cold and hilly areas. 6 . You have the ________ ( 供 选 择 的 ) choices of telling us the truth or remaining silent. 7.An expert's ________(预测) shows that the atmosphere will be 3℃ warmer in 2005 if people continue to burn fuels. 8.A student with learning ________(失去能力)may not be able to understand the teacher very well. 9.More and more people are tired of ________(城市的) life today and come to live in the countryside. 10.Doctors are not very ________(乐观的) about the result of the surgery.

Language points
1. get rid of 摆脱; 处理掉 归纳拓展: get together 相聚; 聚集 get up 建立; 起床 get across 传播; 为人理解 get about 走动; (消息等)传开 get along 前进; 进展 get along with 与……相处 get around 走动; 消息传开; 克服 get back 回来; 回到; 取回; 恢复 get down 从……下来; 记下; ()转入某一话题 get into 卷入; 进入 get off 从……下来; 出发; 动身; 下班 get on 登上(车, 船, 飞机等); () 与……相处 get out 逃走; (消息)泄露; 出版; 发表 get over 从(疾病,失望等中)恢复; 克服(困难); 解决问题 get through 干完(工作); 完成任务; 度过(时间); 使通过考试; 使通过议案; 接 通电话 1) Do you get along with your boss?你跟老板合得来吗? 2) I think the problem can be got over without too much difficult.我认为问 题不难解决. 3) We must get toghther for a drink sometime.我们得找个时间相聚喝上一杯. 即境活用: 1. I really don`t want to go to the party, but I don`t see how I can ____ it. A get back from B get out of C get away D get off 2. The farmers tried to ____ the wheat before it rained. A get from B get in C get off D get on 3. —Mr Wang, how about our driving test last Sunday? —Happily, you have all _____. A got through B got past C got over D got out 4. The teacher does not seem to notice that Peter never does his homework. I
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don’t know how he _______ it. A gets away with B gets out of C gets in D gets down to 5. You`ll soon ____ this climate and then the changes in temperature will not affect you. A get used to B get over C get to D get on with 6. A good speaker must try to ____ to the listeners what he means. A get away B get out C get across D get in 7. Readers can __________ quite well without knowing the exact meaning of each word. A. get over B. get in C. get along D. get through 2. shape n. 形状,体形,身段,形式; vt. 定形, 使成形; vi. 成形,形成 in shape 在形状上; 处于良好状态, 健康 be in bad shape 情况处于混乱状态; 健康状况不佳 out of shape 变(走)样; 不成样子; 身体不舒服, 生病 in the shape of 某种形状的, 以……的形状 shape…… into…… 把……加工/ 塑造成…… shaped adj. 具有(或呈)……形状的 1) The pool was in the shape of a heart.游泳池呈心形. 2) The children are shaping the sand into a tower.孩子们把沙子堆成塔形. 3) Mary’s sweater has stretched completely out of shape.玛丽的毛衣撑得完全 走样了. 即境活用: There is a vase on the table _________ like a flower. A. shaping B. shaped C. being shaped D. have shaped 3.rely vi.依靠,依赖 Nowadays we rely increasingly on computers for help/to help us. ①reliable adj.可信赖的,可靠的;确实的 ②reliability n.可靠(性),可信(性) ③rely on/upon = depend on 依赖,信任 ④rely on/upon sb./sth. to do 相信(依赖)某人(某物)去做…… Eg: You may rely on me to keep your secret. ⑤rely on it that...指望…… Eg: You may rely on it that he will pass the final exam. 活学巧练:翻译句子 (1)We rely on our own efforts. ____________________________ (2)She may forget—she's not very reliable. ____________________________ (3)Children should not be encouraged to ________ the electronic dictionaries as it will make them lazier. A. insist on B. rely on C. keep on D. work on 精讲拓展: have no alternative /choice but to do
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can’t choose/help but do 除……外别无选择 误区警示:alternative 一词既可作形容词,也可作名词使用。 Eg:There doesn't seem to be an alternative option.似乎没有另一个选择。 活学巧练: I offered the __________ suggestions of spending the holiday in the mountains or by the sea. A.alternative B.reasonable C.practical D.sensible 4.charge n.费用;价钱 v.装满;控诉;收费 精讲拓展: ①in charge of /take charge of 管理;负责 in the charge of /under the charge of 在……看管(负责之下) ② free of charge/for free 免费 ③charge (sb.) money for sth..向(某人)索取……的费用 ④charge sb. with sth.因某事控告某人 误区警示:注意 in charge of 与 in the charge of 的区别,in charge of 是―管理‖,而 in the charge of 是―受……的管理‖。 朗文在线: ①Gas charges will rise in July. 7 月份煤气价格将上涨。 ②Who's in charge around here? 这儿谁负责? 命题方向:charge 常与 cost, spend, expense 等以词义辨析的形式出现。 活学巧练: —I have just had my watch repaired. —How much did they ________ for that? A.cost B.charge C.spend D.consider 5.run out(of)(某物)用完;不多了;没有了 误区警示:①run out 为不及物动词短语。②run out of 为及物动词短语。 My ink has run out.=I have run out of my ink.=My ink has been run out of. ③run across 偶然遇到 ④run after 追逐,追踪 ⑤run around 到处游逛 ⑥run away(常与 from 连用)逃脱;逃避,躲开 ⑦run into 碰撞;遇上,偶然遇到 活学巧练:介/副词填空 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Her dog was running ________ a rabbit. Toby ran away ________ home at the age of 14. Guess who I ran ________ in town today! I have run ________ ________ my money, so I can't buy this book He ran away _______ home at 13. I ran _________ my old friend Tom in Paris last week. The truck’s run ________ gas again. The man was charged _______ kidnapping. They. charged me five dollars _______ a cup of coffee.
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10.The project is running ________ financial difficulties. 6.I'm too busy enjoying my life now to worry about the future!我现在忙于享受, 没时间为未来担忧! too...to do 太……而不能做…… 精讲拓展: ①too...to do sth.―太……,而不能做某事‖,是一个表示否定意义的句型。 ②某些形容词与 too...to...句型连用时,too(=very)表示肯定的意义。这些形容词多为表 示情感的词,如 glad,pleased,surprised,delighted,happy,easy,willing 等。 ③当它同 never,only,not 等词连用时,其语法结构发生变化,意思也由否定转为肯定。 ④如果将 not 放在不定式前面,动词不定式则由先前的否定概念转为否定之否定概念,即 肯定的意思―太……不能不……‖。 误区警示:在 too...to 句型中,too 后接情感词则表示肯定意义;not,never 等词与 too 连用时,表示―无论……也不过分‖即表示肯定含义。 Eg:Amanda is much too young to get married. 命题方向:too...to 结构与 never,not,only 等词连用是重要考点。 活学巧练:汉译英 (1)他太年轻还不懂这些事情。_____________________________________ (2)她极愿意接受别人的意见。______________________________________ 7. no matter where they live 无论他们居住在哪儿 精讲拓展: no matter where they live 是由 no matter+wh-引导的让步状语从句。 no matter―无 论……;不管……‖,后接 what/who/which/where/when/how 等连词。 No matter what he says,I won't believe him. 不论他说什么,我就是不相信他。 误 区 警 示 : no matter + what/who/which/where/when/how 也 可 改 为 what/who/which/where/when/how+ever 的形式。 no matter+疑问词只能引导状语 从句而 wh-ever 除了引导状语从句外,还可引导名词性从句。 Eg:(1)Whoever wants to visit the museum,he must ask our teacher for permission.=No matter who wants to visit the museum, he must ask our teacher for permission. (2)Whoever wants to visit the museum must ask our teacher for permission.(此句中 whoever 引导主语从句,不可用 no matter who 替换。) 命题方向:no matter+疑问词与 wh-ever 从句常以辨析的形式出现。 活学巧练: Doctor Godwin says that __________ what forceful arguments against cigarette harm there are,many people insist on smoking. A.though B.however C.no matter D.even if 8. attach v.系;贴;连接;把……固定;使附属;重视 ①attach...to...把……固定到……,把……附在…… ②attach one's name to 在……上签名 ③be attached to 依恋,爱慕,附属于 误区警示:attach 构成的短语中 to 为介词,后应接名词或动名词。 朗文在线: ①Attach a recent photograph to your application form.
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命题方向:attach...to...短语是重要的考点。 活学巧练: Nowhere can I find the labels __________ the luggage which was put on the desk. A.attached to B.attaching to C.stuck in D.sticking to 随堂练习: 1). John is very ________ —if he promises to do something he'll do it. A. independent B. confident C. reliable D. flexible 2). As there is less and less coal and oil, scientists are exploring new ways of making use of ________ energy, such as sunlight, wind and water for power and fuel. A. primary B. alternative C. instant D. unique 3).—I'm still working on my project. —Oh, you'll miss the deadline. Time is ________. A. running out B. going out C. giving out D. losing out 4). —Must I turn off the gas after cooking? —Of course. You can never be ________ careful with that. A.enough B.too C.so D.very 5). Your furniture looks nice indeed, but you ______too much for it. I’m afraid it can’t be lower any longer. A. offer B. pay C. charge D. sell 6). .Could I speak to ________ is in charge of International Sales please? A. who B. what C. whoever D. whatever 7). The how-to book can be of help to ________ wants to do the job. A. who B. whomever C. no matter who 9.Not all predictions come true. 不是所有的预言都能变为现实。 部分否定与全部否定的惯用语对照如下: D. whoever

部分否定 both...not/not...both (并非两者都)

全部否定 neither/nor...either (两者都不)

两 者

Both of the sisters are not here. 并非两姊妹都在这里。

Neither of the sisters is here. 两姊妹都不在这里。

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all...not/not...all (=some) (并非所有……都) 两 者 以 上 every...not/not...every (=some,few) (并非每一个……都) the whole...not/not... the whole(并非全部) I don't know all of them. 他们我不全认识。

not...any/none (没有一个) no one/nobody(没有人) nothing(没有任何事物)

I don't know any of them. 他们我全不认识。

单项填空 1 . An important meeting is __________ , so you'd better not go into the meeting room. A.on the way B.in progress C.in the way D.in advance 2.No matter __________ difficulty we will meet, we will keep on doing the experiment until we succeed. A.what B.how C.where D.which 3 . My sister insisted that she __________ the youngest of the family and __________ traveling with their parents. A.should be; should go B.be; go C.be; would go D.was; go 4.I hope your dream of becoming a writer will __________ in the future. I've long been looking forward to meeting your father, and I have no idea when this dream can ________. A.come true B.come truly C.come to truth D . be come true 5 . The train __________ at 6 : 00 p . m.. So I have to be at the station __________ 5:40 at the latest. A.will leave; until B.leaves; by C.is going to leave; at D.is leaving; after 6 . Many of the students are __________ that they will pass the entrance examination. A.surely B.certainly C.certain D.able 7.—Tony, look at the water on the floor! you forget to turn off the tap. —________! I just received a phone call. I'll do the cleaning up. A.My pleasure B.Not really C.Never mind D.My God 7.John was doing a lot of physical exercise to build up his ________. A.ability B.force C.strength D.mind 8.—Must I turn off the gas after cooking? —Of course. You can never be ________ careful with that. A.enough B.too C.so D.very 9.The shop stayed ________ till six o'clock. A.opening B.open C.openly D.there
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10.Henry,________ the light is ________ when you leave the lab. A.be sure; turned on B.make sure; turned off C.be sure; turn off D.make sure; turning off 11.—Can you lend me some money? —Sorry, I'm ________ it myself. A.running out of B.running out C.giving out of D.giving out 12.Hold on to the old table. It may be very valuable in the future because it is __________. A.free of charge B.in bad condition C.out of sight D.on the way out 13.These products are very cheap because the industry __________ the price of raw materials remaining low. A.takes on B.relies on C.stands on D.keeps on 14.He is such a man who is always __________ fault with other people. A.putting B.seeking C.finding D.looking for 15.—When will you come to see me,Dad? —I will go to see you when you __________ the training course. A.will have finished B.will finish C.are finishing D.finish

Grammer 将来进行时
Ⅰ.Definition: 将来进行时表示将来某一时刻正在进行的动作或某段时间持续的动作。它 主要表示按计划、安排将来某时将要进行或发生的动作。 What will you be doing at eight o'clock this evening? 今天晚上 8 点你干什么? This time tomorrow I shall be flying to London . 明天这个时候我将在飞往伦敦的途 中。 2、构成 肯定式: I/We will/shall be walking. He/She/It/You/They will/shall be walking. 否定式:I/We will/shall not be walking. He/She/It/You/They will not be walking. 疑问式: Shall/Will I/we be walking. Will he/she/it/you/they be walking. 3、将来进行时的用法 (1)表示将来某一时刻或某段时间正在发生的动作,常与 this time tomorrow, at 4 o’clock tomorrow afternoon 等时间状语连用。 At this time tomorrow we’ll be flying over the Atlantic. 明天此时我们正在飞越大西 洋的上空。 This time next week we shall be working in that factory.下星期这个时候,我们将 在那个工厂劳动。 (2)代替一般将来时 表示一种已经决定或肯定的动作或情况,或表示某动作将在按计划发生而未完成。 We shall be having a meeting in a minute.我们一会儿就要开会。 Will you be seeing Mr. Wang this evening? 今晚你会见王先生吗? (3)用将来进行时来询问别人的计划、打算,比用一般将来时更礼貌,也可以表示较缓和
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的命令或碰巧发生的事。 Will you be having supper with us this evening? 你今天晚上能和我们一起吃晚饭好 吗? You will be coming at six o’clock this evening.你晚上六点来。 Will you be coming to the dancing party? 你能来参加舞会吗?(是否碰巧也能来参 加) Will you come to the dancing party? 你来参加舞会好吗?(邀请) (4)用于表示将来的动作迟于所安排的另一次动作 He is going to take a stroll in the park and then he will be watering the flowers. 他打算到公园去散步,然后浇花。 This term will end in July and I will be going back home in the country.本学期起 月份结束,之后我就要回到乡下的家里去。 (5)将来进行时与现在进行时的几点区别 ①现在进行时表示一种经过考虑的,将来要进行的动作 ,而将来进行时通常表示正常过程中 会发生的动作,因此将来进行时不如现在进行时那样肯定,比后者偶然性要大一些: I am seeing Tom tomorrow.明天我要和汤姆见面. I'll be seeing Tom tomorrow.明天我会见到汤姆. 第一句意指汤姆或说话人已经特意安排了这次会面,而第二句则意指汤姆和说话人将在通常 进程中见面(也许他们在一起工作 ).不过这种差别并不是在任何情况下都很重要 ,而且常常 两者都可以使用. He will be taking his exam next week.也可以说: He is taking his exam next week. ②现在进行时用于表示最近将来的动作时 ,必须有确定的时间 ,而将来进行时可以和确定的 时间状语连用,也可以不连用.它既可以表示最近将来的动作,也可以表示较远将来的动作.可 以说: We are meeting him tomorrow.我们明天和他会面. 但不说: We are meeting him tomorrow/next year/some time/.我们明天/明年/某时将与他 会面. 若使用将来进行时,我们可以说: We will be meeting him tomorrow/next year. 例:This time tomorrow you ________ there doing some more exercises. A) will sit B) will be sitting C) sit D) shall sit (6)与一般将来时态的区别: 将来进行时通常表示的是对将来事实的简单陈述. 而 will+V. (一般将来时)除表示时间概念外,还带有感情色彩. 例: 汤姆明天将正在割草. Tom will be cutting grass tomorrow. 汤姆明天愿意割草. Tom will cut the grass tomorrow. Step 2. 随堂演练 1. A. 2. A 3. What____ you _____ this time tomorrow? will…do B. will…have done C. will…be done D. will…be doing The street lights ____ on when night falls. will have gone B will have been going C will be going D will be gone Joe ____ the piano in a few minutes.
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A shall be played B will have been playing C shall be playing D will have played 4. I ____ my grandmother at three this afternoon. A shall be visiting B shall have visited C shall be visiting D will visit 5. ―Can you attend the party tonight?‖ ―No,____ the boss about something urgent.‖ A I see B I shall have seen C I’ll be seeing D I can see 用括号内所给词汇的正确形式完成下列句子。 1. Tomorrow afternoon we’re going to play tennis. So at 3:00 pm tomorrow, we _____________ (play) tennis. 2. Please don’t call me between 8:00 and 10:00 tomorrow. I __________ (have) my classes then. 3. If you need to contact me, I __________ (stay) at the hotel until Friday. 4. I think that she __________ (work) on this experiment until next morning. 5. ---Will you be free at 11:30? ---Sorry. I________ (have) a meeting then. 6. –Shall we meet tomorrow afternoon? --Not before 3’clock. I_______ (work) in the office then.

Module 2

Traffic Jam
motorbike taxi

1. Match some of the words with their definitions. bike boat bus coach helicopter trolleybus truck underground

1.It’s a bus used for long distances. __________ 2.It’s got two wheels and it’s fast. __________ 3.This bus is connected to electric wires. __________ 4.You must pay to use this car. __________ 5.This is the suburban railway. It’s usually under the city.__________ 6.It’s slow, cheap and has two wheels. __________ Reading and comprehension Step 1 Fast Reading Read the passage quickly and find the answers to the questions. 1. How many means of transportation are mentioned in the text? A.5 B.6 C.7 D.8 2. What should you do if you want to take a taxi? A. Check the drivers’ business permit. B. Ask for a receipt. C. Go to the station. D. Both A and B. 3. What is the advantage of minibuses? A. The fares are cheap. B. You can avoid rush hours. C. You can always get a seat.
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D. You can have a good view of the city. 4. Which is TRUE for the underground lines in Beijing? A. They are fast and convenient. B. They are very comfortable even in rush hours. C. Station names are marked in Chinese. D. They are open from 6:00 am to 11:00 pm. 5. Which will you choose for a visit of the narrow alleys of old Beijing? A. Taxis B. Buses C. Underground D. Pedicabs Step 2 Detailed Reading Read the passage quickly again and find the answers to the following questions: 1).How easy is it to find a taxi in Beijing? 2).What color are most taxis? 3).What’s the problem with buses? 4).Which is the best bus for tourists? 5).How many people can get in a minibus? 6).What are the advantages of the underground? 7).When does it close at night? 8).What can you visit in a pedicab? Step 3 Vocabulary Match the words in the box with their meanings. cab destination fare get around passenger return(n.) route rush hour seat single(n.) permit(n.) receipt

1.to go from one place to another __________ 2.a person who uses public transport __________ 3.(a ticket for) a two-way journey __________ 4.the road the public transport service uses regularly__________ 5.the busiest time of day __________ 6.the price of a ticket __________ 7.(a ticket for) a one-way journey __________ 8.the place you want to go to __________ 9.a document which shows you have paid for something__________ 10.a place to sit __________ 11.another word for taxi __________ 12.a document which gives you the right to do something__________ Step 4 summary vehicles Service time Advantages
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Disadvantages

Tips

Taxis

24 hours a day

Simply raise your hand and a taxi appear in no time. The price per kilometer is displayed on the windows. Fares 4_______ are They can get very 5_______

Check the cab has a(n) 1_____. Make sure you ask for a(n) 2 ____ Avoid them during the rush hour. Don’t miss the 6______-bus if you are a tourist. Make sure you sit 7_____ on a double-decker bus.

Buses and trolley buses

Most buses run from 5:00 am to 3_____. There is also a night bus service

Minibus

There is always a(n) 8____available even in rush hours. From 5:00 am to 11:00 pm. They 9_______ are They can be terrible in rush hours. They can 11______ be Make sure you know the 12___before your journey.

Underground

Pedicabs

You’d better choose them when you want to explore the 10_____of old Beijing.

(二)
常用短语 1.___________________与……相连 2._______________被困在…… 3.______________立刻,马上,一会儿 4._____________到处旅行,四处走动 5.__________正在建设之中 6._____________关上(电灯、电视等);断掉(电源) 7.____________________保持冷静 8.____________________情绪、心情很好 9.____________________没门,肯定不
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10.____________________而且,此外

Language points
1.display vt.,n.陈列;展览;显示 The children's work was displayed on the wall. 精讲拓展:be on display=be on show 被展示,被陈列,在展出 活 学 巧 练 : A collection of photos was on_display in the hall. ( 替 换)______________________ 2.limit n.限制;限定;边界;界限 vt.限制;限定 精讲拓展: ①to the limit 到极限 ②limit sth. to 限定③limited adj.有限的,受限制的 be limited to 局限于 to 为介词后 应接-ing 形式。 ④limitless adj.无限制的;无约束的 朗文在线: ①Our finances are already stretched to the limit. 我们的财力已经用到了极限。 ②Seating is limited to 500.限定 500 个座位。 ③We must limit ourselves to one gallon of water per day. 我们必须把自己的用水量限制在每天 1 加仑以下。 活学巧练:There is no ________ to what you can do if you try. A. limit B. lack C. need D. matter 3.convenient adj. 方便的;便利的 convenience n.方便,便利 精讲拓展:It is/was convenient for sb. to do sth.对某人来说做……方便。 误区警示:―当你方便的时候‖ 应译成 When it is convenient to you. 不能译成 When you are convenient. 朗文在线: ①Is three o'clock convenient for you?3 点钟你方便吗? ②Our house is very convenient for schools and stores. 我们的房子离学校和商店很近。活学巧练: (1) Many stores have a delivery service for the ___________ of customers. (2) Is this evening _______________(方便的) for you to go out? (3)If it is quite ________ for you, I'll visit you next Tuesday. A.convenient B.fair C.easy D.comfortable 4.permit n. [C]通行证,许可证,执照;v.许可,允许,准许 精讲拓展: permit sb. to do sth.= permit (sb.'s) doing sth. 允许某人做某事 permission[U]许可,允许 ask for permission 请求许可 without permission 未经许 可 词语辨析:permit,allow 与 let 朗文在线: ①We don't permit smoking in the library.
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我们不允许在图书馆里吸烟。 ②Do you permit your children to smoke? 你准许你的孩子们抽烟吗? ③You can't build a house without a permit. 没有建房许可证你不能建房子。活学巧练: (1)没有合适的理由,学生是不允许离开教室的。 The students are not ____________________ the classroom without an adequate reason. (2)他未经允许就进入房间。 He entered the room ______________________. 5.in no time 立刻;赶快;马上 精讲拓展: ①in time 及时 ②in a short time 很快地 ③at no time 在任何时候都不,从来没有 ④at all times 随时,总是 ⑤at a time 每次,一次 ⑥at one time 曾经;一度误区警示:in no time 表示―立刻,马上‖;at no time 表示―在 任何时候都不,从来没有‖,用倒装;注意其意思的区别。 朗文在线: Jed got the car fixed in no time at all.杰德马上就把那辆车修理好了。 命题方向:time 组成的介词短语之间的辨析是常考点。活学巧练: (2009· 浙江杭州学军中学)Smoking does great harm to our health.__________ is smoking allowed in public places. A.At no time B.In no time C.At a time D.At all times 6.provide v.提供 精讲拓展: ①provide+sth.+for+sb=provide+sb.+with+sth.向……提供某物 supply sb. with sth. supply sth. to sb. offer sb. sth. offer sth. to sb ②provided (that)=providing (that)=on condition that=so/ as long as 倘若, 在……情况/条件下 朗文在线: ①He had to provide food and clothes for his family. =He had to provide his family with food and clothes. 他得养家糊口。 ② Provided (that) there is no opposition, I will act as representative of our class. 倘若没有人反对的话,我将担任本班的代表。活学巧练: (1)They've ________ us $ 150,000 for the house. Shall we take it? A. provided B. supplied C. shown D. offered 7.get stuck 使卡住,使停滞,难住,以……困住 ―get+过去分词‖与―be+过去分词‖用法相近,主要用于:①谈论意想不到的,突然的或偶
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然发生的情况;②谈论为自己做的事,即自身做的动作而不是被动的动作。 get dressed 穿衣 get washed 洗脸 get lost 迷路 get married 结婚 get charged 充电 get separated 被分散 get hurt 受伤 get burnt 烧伤朗文在线: ①Some glasses got broken when we were moving. 我们搬家的时候有些玻璃杯被打碎了。 ②Our car got stuck in the mud. 我们的车陷在泥里了。8.Leave the motor on.让发动机开着。 这是一个 leave 复合结构即 leave+宾语+宾语补足语的句式, 其中 leave 的语意为―使…… 处于某状态‖。 精讲拓展: ①leave 复合结构的构成 leave sb./sth.+adj./n. leave sb./sth.+介词短语 leave sb.doing...1eave sth.done leave sb./sth.+adv. ②leave for 离开去某地 ③leave school 辍学 ④leave word with sb.给某人留下口信 误区警示:leave sth.done 短语中 do 必须是及物动词(短语)。朗文在线: ①Why can't you just leave her alone? 你为什么不能让她一个人待一会儿? ②Someone's left their car in the middle of the driveway. 有人把汽车停在车道中间。 ③Leave the television on, will you? 开着电视,好吗? 命题方向:leave 与 forget, put 等之间的辨析,或宾补的不同非谓语形式。活学巧练: Jack always ________ his books in the classroom. A.forgot B.left C.forget D.put 随堂演练 1.Would it be ________ for you to pick me up at four o'clock and take me to the airport? A. free B. vacant C. handy D. convenient 2.Experts have been warning us________of the health risks caused by passive smoking. A.at a time B.at one time C.for some time D.for the time 3.—How did you find the music he played at the concert? —Wonderful.It's __________ worth __________. A.very;listening B.well;to be listened C.very;listening to D.well;listening to 4.—Will you help me do this?
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—__________,young man. A.On the way out B.By the way C.No way D.Out of the way 5.—Sorry,Joe.I didn't mean to... —Don't call me―Joe‖,I'm Mr. Parker to you,and ______ you forget it! A.do B.didn't C.did D.don't 根据句意,用所给单词的适当形式填空 impress destination congested limit explore solve air-conditioned return receipt registration 1.They were marching forward despite the heavy rain because they had to reach the ________ before dark. 2.They will build another ring road to solve the problem of traffic ________ in the rush hour. 3.After the accident, the driver drove his car away. Fortunately, video cameras recorded his________ number. 4.We are sure that the 29th Olympic Games held in Beijing are surely an ________ one. 5.Welcome to the Blue Sea Hotel. We offer you spacious,________and fully -serviced rooms. 6.I have decided to buy a ________ ticket not a single for it is cheaper. 7.You should remember to ask for a ________ after you pay for what you buy. 8.The clever boy came up with a ________ to the difficult problem. 9.Man has already begun ________ the Mars, hoping to find signs of life there. 10.This driver was fined because he failed to ________ his driving speed on the high way.

Grammer
Imperative 祈使句 Ⅰ.定义:祈使句用来表示请求、劝告、建议、叮嘱、号召、命令等,它的主语 you(听话 人)通常可以省略,谓语动词用原形,句子末尾用感叹号或句号。如: (1) Sit down, please. (2) Be careful next time. (3) Let’s try our best to improve our environment. (4) Have less work and more sleep. 祈使句也常把主语―You‖表达出来,使对方听起来觉得柔和些。 (5)You go and tell him, Chris. Ⅱ.否定祈使句是在原形动词前加缩写词 don’t. (1) Don’t be late. (2) Don’t make any noise in the reading room. (3) Don’t you be late again next time! Ⅲ.加强祈使句语气的方式:do/just/always/never/you+动词原形 (1) Just ____ here and don’t go around, or your parents can’t find you. A. to stay B. stayed C. stay D. staying (2) Always remember to smile. 永远记住要面带笑容。
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(3) Never speak to me like that again.以后可绝不要那样对我讲话。 (4) Do write back when you receive his letter. (5) Tom, you clean the classroom. 在高考中曾出现过对祈使句的考查。如: (6)—Alice, you feed the bird today,______? —But I fed it yesterday. A. do you B. will you C. didn’t you D. don’t you (7) —Sorry, Joe. I didn’t mean to... —Don’t call me ―Joe‖. I’m Mr. Parker to you, and ______ you forget it! A. do B. didn’t C. did D. don’t Ⅳ.使祈使句的语气更委婉的方式: 1) Will you/ Would you/ Could you +动词原形? 2)句末, + please. 3) 句末, + will you/shall we? 4) 5) 6) 7) 如: Why not do something/ why don’t you do something? You’d better do something. Suppose/ supposing--I suggest--Open the door, please.

Will you go fishing with me this afternoon? Would you do me a favor? Could you show me how to get to the railway station? Hand the dictionary to Jack, will you? I suggest we (should) take the train. Let’s go out for a walk, shall we? Ⅴ.以 let 引导的祈使句的否定形式有两种: ①―Let + us/me + not + do sth.‖宾语是第一人称时,常采用否定宾语补足语的形 式。 Let’s not say anything about it.我们不谈此事吧。 ② ―Don’t +let + him/her/it/them + do sth.‖ 宾语是第三人称时,常采用句首加 don’t 的形式。 Don’t let the children come near the fire. Ⅵ. 祈使句的附加疑问句 ①祈使句之后可用附加疑问句,并不是与祈使句构成反意,而是加强语气,无论其前 是否定还是肯定的祈使句,多用 will you,表示一种客气的语气。如: (1) Don’t tell anyone, will you?你可不要告诉任何人啊。 但在肯定的祈使句之后有时也使用 won’t you,多表示―提醒对方注意‖。如: (2) Tell me the truth, won’t you?你可要告诉我实情啊。 (3) – Don’t forget to give Polly some food, ______? -- All right. A. shall we B. do you C. don’t you D. will you ②以 Let’s 开头的祈使句,其附加部分为 shall we 或 shan’t we;以 Let us 开头的祈 使句,其附加部分为 will you。试比较: Let’s go out for a walk, shall we?
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Let us have another try, will you? Ⅶ.①有时所表示的主语可以是 everybody, somebody, anybody, nobody 如 : Stand up, everybody!全体起立! Give me a hand,anybody!帮我一把,任何人都行! ②祈使句除用谓语动词表示外,还可用名词、形容词、副词等。如: Help! 救人! Patience! 要有耐心! Careful! 小心! Quickly! 快! Hands up! 举起手来! Ⅷ.祈使句表示祝愿的方式: Success to you! Wish you a good journey. May you have a happy marriage. Allow me to propose a toast to our friendship! Ⅸ.①―祈使句+ or +陈述句‖在意义上相当于 if 引导的含有否定意义的条件状语从句,即 if---- not (1)Let’s move that bag, or there may be an accident. (= If we don’t move that bag, there may be an accident.) (2)Hurry up, or you will be late for class. (= If you don’t hurry up, you will be late for class.) ② ―祈使句+ and +陈述句‖则在意义上相当于 if 引导的含有肯定意义的条件状语从 句。 (1)Think hard, and you will have a good idea. (= If you think hard, you will have a good idea.) (2)Work hard, and you will succeed. (= If you work hard, you will succeed.) 随堂演练: 1. The TV is too loud. Please ________. A. turn it down B. to turn it down C. turn down it 2. _______ late again, Bill! A. Don't to be A. Not A. will I B. Don't be C. Doesn't C. shall I C. Not be D. Don't D. shall we D. do you D. Be not 3. _______ cross the road until the traffic lights turn green. B. Won't 4. Please help me carry it, ______? B. will you 5. Don't make so much noise, ______? A. will you A. bring A. Telling B. won't you C. shall we 6. Kate, _______ your homework here tomorrow. B. brings B. To tell C. to bring C. Told D. bringing 7. ________ me the truth, or I'll be angry. D. Tell 8. Don't you know that _______ is good for our health?
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D. to turn down it

A. swim

B. swimming

C. swam

D. swims

9. Boys and girls, _______ up your hands if you want to take part in the summer camp. A. putting B. to put C. put 10. –Peter, _______ to meet me at the airport. I’ll wait for you there. -OK, no problem. A. won’t forget A. come A. or A. or B. don’t forget C. to come D. so D. if C. doesn’t forget D. coming 11. Mary, _______ here-everybody else, stay where you are. B. comes B. and B. and 12. Follow your doctor’s advice, ______ your cough will get worse. C. then C. so that 13. One more week, ______ we will accomplish the task.

Module 3 Body Language and Non-verbal Communication
Complete the sentences with the words given. aggressive unconscious 1. Guns and knives are two different types of ___________. 2. Someone who has an __________attitude may be violent. 3. You can _______someone by saying ―hello‖. 4. Your _________ is the way you are sitting or standing. 5. If you are ___________of something you do not know it is happening. 6. A________ is a business agreement. 7. A ________ is a movement of the body to communicate something. 8. If you ________someone you believe them and rely on them. 9. ―Give me five!‖ is an _________greeting. 10. People are usually more _______ with people they don’t know. deal gesture greet formal informal position trust

Step 1 Fast Reading
Read the passage fast and match each part with their general idea. Parts General ideas

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Part 1 (Paragraph 1) Part 2 (Paragraphs 2-4)

A.Body language gives away much more than words. B.What is body language? C.Body language varies people greet others. when

Part 3 (Paragraph 5)

Step 2 Detailed Reading
Read the passage again and say if these statements are true(T) or false(F). 1. Not all body language is conscious. 2. Europeans shake hands with their left hand. 3. In Asia, people touch strangers when they meet. 4. In the US a ―high five‖ is a way of saying hello. 5. A ―high five‖ is a formal gesture. 6. Body language is less communicative than spoken or written language. 7.Body Language varies from culture to culture. 8.Europeans shake hands with their right hand when greeting. 9.In Asian countries greeting involves touching each other. 10.Muslims greet by joining their hands and bowing their heads. 11.People can give away more by gestures than by words.

Step 3Careful reading
Choose the best answer according to the passage. 1.How should we understand the word ―communication‖? A.It only refers to words and sentences. B.It refers to spoken and written words. C.It refers to not only spoken and written words but also body language. D.None of the above. 2.Which of the following gestures shows that one trusts others? A.Being on guard all the time. B.Shaking hands with the left hand. C.Shaking hands with the stronger hand. D.Shaking hands with a weapon. 3.Why do Europeans and Americans shake hands with their right hands? A.They have been used to it. B.The right hands are the weakest ones. C.They think it is formal. D.They want to express they trust each other. 4.―Give me five!‖________. A.is only used by the American youths B.is a gesture of formal greeting C.is now very popular both in America and in other places D.can happen when people hold something in their hands
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5.Body language is fascinating because ________. A.everyone is supposed to study it B.you can become a mind reader C.one can understand others better by their body language D.one can imitate others Step 4 课文浓缩 We 1 with 2 just spoken and written words. We also need to learn 3 ,which 4 from culture to culture. Traditionally, Europeans and Americans shake hands with their right hand. It means ―I trust you. Look, I am not carrying a 5 weapon‖. They also shake hands when they make a 6 . In China, we put the right hand over the left and bow 7 when we greet someone while Muslims give a ―salaam‖. Hindus join their hands and bow their heads in respect. The expression, ―Give me five!‖, is also a gesture for 8 youths to greet each other. Body language is 9 for anyone to study. You can give away much more by gestures than by their words. So look at your friends and friends and family and see if you are a 10

(二)
单词拼写: 1. Language is a major means of c______________. 2. Although we were very busy, we accepted the i__________ to the wedding. 3. Their p___________ in the play were very good. 4. The black people are still struggling for true e_______ with the whites. 5. These are the ________(传统的) foods for Christmas. 6. I don’t think women are as __________(攻击性的)men. 7. All the children were _______(包括,涉及)in the school play. 8. She remained _________(不省人事)for several hours. 9. You’d better act on your own ___________(判断). 10. It is __________(稍微) colder today than it was yesterday.

Language points
1.involve v.包括,涉及,使参与 精讲拓展: ①involve sb. in sth.把某人牵扯到某事里面 ②involve sb. in doing sth.使某人参与干某事 ③be involved in 卷入……,参与…… ④be involved in doing sth.一心一意做某事 误区警示:involve 表示―包括‖时其后可直接接-ing 作宾语, 但表示―某人参与干某事‖ 常是 involve sb.in 后接-ing 形式。
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朗文在线: ①Every day each of us makes decisions that involve taking a chance. 每天我们每个人作出的决定都包含碰运气的成分。 命题方向:involve sb.in (doing) sth.是重要考点。 活学巧练: The person you referred to at the meeting __________ the accident that happened last night. A.involved in B.involved with C.got involved in D.got involved with 2.request n.请求,要求 v.请求,要求 精讲拓展: ①at the request of sb. at sb.'s request 应某人之请求/要求 ②by request (of sb.)按(某人的)要求,应(某人的)要求 ③request sb.to do sth.请求某人干某事 ④request that... 误区警示:request 后接 that 从句时,从句中谓语动词需用虚拟语气形式即(should+)动 词原形。 朗文在线: ①The staff immediately requested that he reconsider his decision. 员工立即要求他重新考虑他的决定。 词语辨析:demand,require 与 request ①demand 一般指理直气壮地提出强烈要求,或坚持不让对方拒绝的要求。 ②require 强调根据事业、需要或纪律、法律等而提出的要求。 ③request 正式用词,指非常正式、有礼貌的请求或恳求,多含担心因种种原因对方不能答 应的意味。后面跟宾语从句时,从句后谓语都要用虚拟语气,即 should 加动词原形或直接 用动词原形。 ④require 表―需要‖之意时,后可接动词不定式或动名词。接动词不定式时,应该用不定式 的被动形式,接动名词时,用动名词的主动形式(表示被动意义)。 命题方向:request sb.to do sth.及 request 后接 that 从句时用虚拟语气是常考点。 活学巧练: We all request that the discussion ________. A.put off B.putting off C.is put off D.be put off 3.perform v.上演(戏);扮演(角色);演奏(乐曲);完成,实行,履行;(机械等)运转 精讲拓展: ①perform the play 演戏 ②perform/play a part/role in a play 在剧中扮演一个角色 ③perform an operation 进行手术 ④performance n.执行,履行;表演,扮演;表现 ⑤give/put on a performance 演出,表演 误区警示:perform 意为―上演,扮演;履行,实行‖时作及物动词;意为―演奏(乐曲);运 转‖时,作不及物动词。如: He is performing on the piano.
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他正在演奏钢琴。 The engine seems to be performing well. 发动机似乎运转正常。 活学巧练: (1)The young doctor ___________ the heart operation for a patient. (2)These students will ___________ an opera next Friday. (3)The company has been _________ poorly over the last year. (4)The doctor is ________________ the patient's leg. (5)She ____________ an important role in our organization. 4.favour(=favor) n.帮助,恩惠,赞成,支持,关心 v.赞成,照顾 精讲拓展: ① do sb. a favour/do a favour for sb.帮某人忙 do sb. the favour of 帮某人……的忙 ②in favour of 赞成;支持;有利于 ③favourable adj.好意的;赞成的;有利的 a favourable wind 顺风 a favourable answer 满意的答复 误区警示:Do me/us a favour!在口语中往往是回答认为愚蠢的问题,意为―得了吧!‖, 而 do sb. a favour 在疑问句表示―请求别人的帮忙‖的客气表达。 朗文在线: ①Could you do me a favour and turn off that light? 劳您的驾,请把那盏灯关掉好吗? ②Do us a favour, Mike, and shut up! 拜托你,迈克,别再说了! ③Are you in favour of the deal? 你赞同这个合同吗? ④The president is believed to favour further tax cuts. 大家认为总统将支持进一步减税。 命题方向:in favour of, do sb. a favour 两短语在具体语境中的运用是常考点。 活学巧练: You're really very kind, I'll never forget the ________ you have done for me. A.favour B.deed C.help D.kind 5.give away 泄露(秘密);暴露;让步;赠送 精讲拓展: ①give back 归还;送回;使恢复 ②give forth 发出(声音,气味等);发表,公布 ③give in 屈服,投降,退让 ④give off 发出气味、光、热、声音等 ⑤give oneself to 专心于,迷恋于;沾染(恶习等) ⑥give out 用完,用尽;分发 ⑦give up 放弃;不再做(某事) 误区警示:give away 中 away 是副词,若接代词作宾语时,需将代词放于 give 之后。 朗文在线:

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①He gave away large amounts of money to charity. 他把大笔大笔的钱捐给了慈善机构。 ②I was afraid the kids would give the whole thing away. 恐怕孩子们会把这整件事说出去。 ③The goalkeeper gave away two goals. 守门员白白丢了两个球。 命题方向:give away 常与 give out,give off 及 give in 以词义辨析的形式出现。 活学巧练:用 give in, give up, give out, give away 填空 (1)The brave soldier preferred dying to ________ ________. (2)After a month,our food supplies ________ ________. (3)—Smoking is bad for your health. —Yes, I know. But I can' t simply ________it ________. (4)Her face_______ her ________ when she told a lie. 6.hold up 举起,抬起;阻碍;使停顿;支撑 ①hold back 缩回;阻止;隐瞒;抑制 ②hold in 抑制(感情等) ③hold out 伸出;提供;坚持;维持 ④hold down 阻止(某人),制止;限制 ⑤hold on to 抓紧;不放开;保住(优势);不送(或不卖)某物 ⑥hold on 等着;停住;坚持住;等一下(别挂断) 朗文在线: ①The building work has been held up by bad weather. 由于天气不好,建筑工程被耽搁下来了。 ②The roof is held up by pillars. 屋顶是由柱子支撑着的。 ③The water won't hold out much longer. 水维持不了多久。 活学巧练: What shall we use for power when all the oil in the world has been ________? A. given out B. held up C. run out D. used up 7 We clap at the end of a live performance, such as a play, or a concert, to say thank you to the performers. live/ alive/ living/ lively 知识归纳: lively adj. 生动的;活泼的 live adj. ―活的(与 dead 相对应)‖,只能作定语(一般用于动物);另外还有―现场 直播的‖的意思。 alive adj. ―活着的, 健在的‖, 作表语; 作定语需后置 (一般用于人或动物) living adj. ―活着的(= alive) ;有生命的 ‖,既可作定语,又可作表语。 特别注意: Live 只能作定语, 且用于动物; alive 作表语或后置定语, 用于人或者动物; living 作 表语或定语,用于人(=alive) ,生物只能译作 living things 。 1)That is a fish alive. = That is a live/ living fish.
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那是一条活鱼。 2)The living are more important to us than the dead. 对我们来说活着的比死去的人们更重要。 3)The children are usually lively. 小孩子们通常是活泼的。 即境活用: 1)He is the greatest _________ writer in China. A. alive B. live C. living D. lively 2)There will be a _____ TV broadcast of this conference this evening. A. alive B. lively C. living D. live 8. Can I ask you a favor? 归纳拓展: do sb. a favor =do a favor for sb. 帮某人忙做某事 ask sb. a favor = ask a favor of sb. 请某人帮忙做某事 in favor of 赞成;支持 favourable adj. 赞成的,有利的,又帮助的 I hate asking favors of people.我不愿意求人。 Jim showed me a great favor. 吉姆帮了我很大的忙。 The queen soon lost favor 皇后不久就失宠了。 即境活用: You are really kind. I’ll never forget the _____ you have done for me. A. favor B. deed C. help D. kind 9. request vt. 请求, 要求 n. 请求, 要求, 邀请 make a request for 要求…… at sb’s request 应某人的要求 upon/ on request 一经要求,应要求 request sth. of/ from sb. 向某人请求某事 request sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事 request that +从句 请求…… They have made an urgent request for international aid. 他们紧急要求国际援助。 You are requested not to speak in the reading room. 请不要在阅览室大声喧哗。 The staff immediately requested that he (should) reconsider his decision. 员工立刻要求他重新考虑他的决定。 温馨提示:request 后的 宾语从句,表语从句,同位语从句以及 It is requested that… 从句中谓语动词用虚拟语气,即(should) +动词原形 即境活用: The newly-founded chess club formally ___________ us to attend the opening ceremony. A. requested B. required C. demanded D. commanded 10.communicate vt.传达;传送;交流; communication n.通讯;交流
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精讲拓展: ①communicate with sb.与某人交流 ②communicate sth. to sb.把某事传达给某人 命题方向:communicate with 短语是重要考点。 活学巧练: English can help __________ people and make the stay in a foreign country easy and comfortable. A.agree with B.communicate with C.communicate to D.write to

11.vary vt.改变,使多样化 vi.变化;不同 ①various=varied adj.不同的,各种各样的 ②variation n.变化,变异 variety n.品种,多样化 a variety/varieties of 多样的 ③vary from……to……从……到……变化 vary with 随……不同而不同 e.g. Teaching methods vary greatly from school to school. Prices usually vary with the quality. 活学巧练:用适当的介词填空 (1)I'd like to have variety ________ my life. (2)Prices vary ________ the seasons. (3)Opinions vary ________ this point. (4)Her mood varied ________ optimism ________ extreme depression. (5)More and more people choose to shop in the supermarket ,for they are especially interested in the ________ of goods on offer. A.price B.variety C.value D.amount

Module 4 Great Scientists
Match the words and definitions. biochemistry biology botany
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chemistry

genetics

physics

zoology

1. the study of animals 2. the study of plants 3. the study of all living things 4. the study of physical objects and natural forces 5. the study of chemical processes in living things 6. the study of the structure of substances and how they react with each other

7. the study of inherited characteristics in living things Step 1 Fast reading Read the passage quickly and silently, and try to find the main idea of each paragraph. Paragraph Paragraph Paragraph : He discovered a new type of rice. : His discoveries have brought in great profit. : The yield of the new hybrid rice is much greater than that of

other types of rice grown in Pakistan. Paragraph Paragraph Paragraph : Yuan Longping is a leading figure on the rice-growing world. . : As a boy,he was called ―the student who asked questions‖. : As a young teacher,he began experiments in crop breeding.

Step 2 Careful reading Ⅰ.Read the passage and decide whether the statements are true(T) or false(F). 1. China produces more rice than any other country. 2. Yuan Longping asked a lot of questions at school. ( 3. He developed a new kind of fast-growing rice. ( 4. The government helped him in his research. ( ) ) ) ) ( ) )

5. The new rice replaced vegetables in 50 thousand square kilometers. ( 6. The new rice is now grown in other countries, such as Pakistan. (

Ⅱ. Please read the text carefully and then try to choose the best answer. 1. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A. China is the world’s second largest producer of rice.
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B. Rice is grown in every country in the world. C. Yuan Longping is famous for growing wheat. D. Yuan Longping has made great contributions in the rice-growing world. 2.Yuan Longping .

A. is a leading scientist in industry B. was born and brought up in China C. was educated in a famous school for many years D. was given a nickname because he was very naughty 3.The only way that Yuan Longping thought to produce more rice quickly was . A. to be interested in plants B. to study agriculture in college C. to begin experiments in crop breeding D. to cross different species of rice plant 4. Please choose the RIGHT order of the following events about Yuan Longping. a. Yuan Longping’s rice was exported to other countries. b. The results of his experiments were published in China. c. He studied agriculture in college. d. The government supported his research group to develop the new system of rice. e. He began experiments in crop breeding. A. c e b d a B. e b d a c C. b c d a e D. e c b d a

5. Why was Yuan given the nickname‖ the student who asks questions‖? A. Because he was stupid. B. Because he did not learn well in the class. C. Because he was curious about the lesson and wanted to learn more. D. Because he learned more questions. Step 3 Try to fill in the blanks to finish the whole passage. Yuan Longping is a 1 figure in the rice-growing world. He was born and
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2

in China. As a boy he was educated in many schools and interested in plants, 3 ―the student who asks questions‖. As a young teacher, 4 .He thought there was only one way to have 5 of rice plant. Then he began 6 male rice

so he was given the

he began experiments in crop

more rice quickly. That was to cross different

to search for a special type of rice plant. Finally, a naturally plant was discovered in 1970.This was a China’s rice production rose 8 7

.As a result of his discovery,

47.5%in the 1990’s.And 50 thousand 9 to growing vegetables and other 10 to other countries.

square kilometres of rice fields were

cash crops. Following this, the new hybrid rice was

Language points
1.This company is more concerned with quality than with ________(数量). 2.He was the outstanding political _______(人物) of his time. 3.The _________(受害者) of the explosion were buried last week. 4.____________ (农业) plays a very important part in the world. 5.The soldier _______(逃脱)from the enemy’s prison on a snowy night. 6.The car should be returned to its ________ (原来的,最初的) owner. 7.Scientists have made a major _____________( 突破 ) in the treatment of cancer. 8.We’ve __________(改变;转换) from coal to gas central heating. 9.It is reported that the terrorists ________ (爆炸) a bomb in a store, causing five deaths and twenty injuries. 10.________ ( 个 人 的 ) cleanliness is important to health as well as to appearance. 1.quantity n.量,数量 Mathematics is the science of pure quantity. 精讲拓展: ①a large quantity of 一些 ②in quantity 大批,大量 ③large quantities of 许多,大量

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注意:―large quantities of+名词‖做主语时,谓语动词用复数。类似的有 supplies of, amounts of。 但―lots of+名词‖作主语时, 谓语动词的单复数取决于名词的可数或不可数。 朗文在线: ①Your work has improved in quantity and quality this term. 本学期你的作业在数量和质量上都有提高。 ②Quantities of arms were discovered hidden in the trucks. 卡车上发现藏有大量武器。 ③It's a lot cheaper if you buy it in quantity. 如果你大批量购买要便宜得多。 活学巧练: (1)He ate____________________________(少量)of rice. (2)I prefer____________(质量)to________________(数量). (3)__________________(大量)food were on the table. (4)It's cheaper to buy goods_____________________________________(大 批). 2.convert v.转变;改变信仰;使改恶从善;兑换;占用 n.皈依宗教者,改变信仰者 Britain converted to a decimal currency system in 1971. 精讲拓展: ①conversion n.转变,变换 ②convert into 改装成 ③convert sb. from...to 把某人由……改变为…… ④a firm convert to the belief that 坚决信仰……的人 活学巧练: (1)I want to________(兑换)some Hong Kong dollars into American dollars. (2)At what rate do dollars____________(兑换成)pounds? (3)John has______________(改变信仰)Buddhism. (4)Natural gas can be used to power cars by________their engines. A.converting B.convicting C.transferring D.transmitting

3.judgement n. (1)审判;看法;(2)意见,看法;(3)判断力,见识,眼力 精讲拓展:
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①make a judgement of 对……做出判断 ②my judgement is that...我的意见是…… ③in one's judgement 以某人看来 ④a good judge of art 善于鉴别艺术的人 ⑤pass judgement on sb.对某人作出判决 ⑥a man of judgement 有见识的人 ⑦judge...by/from...从……判断/判定…… 误区警示:judging from...―据……判断‖,是一习语,不能用 judged from。 朗文在线: ①The judgement was given in favour of the accused. ②My judgement is that the plan is good. 判决被告为无罪。

我的意见是该计划很好。

③He showed excellent judgement in choosing the wine. 他在择酒方面显示出卓越的判断力。 活学巧练: ________from the past performances, he is not likely to do very well in his exams. A.Judging B.Judged C.Considered D.Considering

4.escape n. & v.逃,逃跑,避开,溜走;疏忽,忽略 精讲拓展: ①have an escape 逃走 ②a narrow escape 九死一生,幸免于难 ③escape from 从……漏出(溢出);从……逃脱,幸免于 ④escape from oneself 忘忧 ⑤escape war and famine 躲避战争和饥荒 ⑥escape one's attention/notice 逃过某人的注意/被某人忽视 ⑦There's no escaping the fact that...不可否认的是……,毫无疑问…… ⑧escape doing 避免做某事 误区警示:escape 表逃避、避免,后跟动词作宾语时要用 doing 形式,不用 to do。 Luckily, the bird escaped being shot. 幸运的是,那只鸟没有被打中。
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朗文在线: ①Anyone trying to escape will be shot! 任何试图逃走的人都会被枪毙! 后座的乘客与死亡擦肩而

②The back seat passengers escaped death by inches. 过。

命题方向:escape doing sth.与 escape from sth.是重要考点。 活学巧练:翻译下列句子 (1)旅客们尽力从燃烧的大楼中逃出来。 The hotel guests tried their best to ________________________ the burning building. (2)她渴望摆脱母亲的操纵。 She longed to _________________________ her mother's domination. (3)聚会很无聊,我们迫不及待地要溜走。 _________________________ 5.support (1)v.支持,拥护;(2)v.养活,供养;(3)n.支持,资助;(4)n.帮助 ①supporter n.支持者,拥护者 ②supporting adj.次要的,配角的 ③supportive adj.给予帮助的,支持的 ④support a reform 拥护一项改革 朗文在线: ①He has a big family to support. 他要养活一大家人。 我能指望你投我的票吗?

②Can I rely on your support in the election?

③Her family and friends have given her lots of support. 家人和朋友给了她许多帮助。 活学巧练: Such ________ the case, I couldn't help but ________ him. A.being; support B.is; to support C.has been; supporting D.be; supported 6.clear vt.使清澈,使清楚,扫清 vi.变清澈;(天)变晴;(烟雾)消散 adj.清澈的;晴; 清晰的;畅通的 ①clear away 扫除,收拾 ②clear up 整理,收拾,消除(误会、疑虑等);(天)放晴
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③clear out 除掉;整理 ④clear one's throat 清清噪子 ⑤clear off 迅速离开 ⑥make... clear 清楚表明,讲清楚 朗文在线: ①We'd better start clearing up. 我们最好开始收拾吧。

②It is time I cleared those drawers out. 我该把那些抽屉里的东西清理一下了。 ③To make yourself clear without using facial expressions can be very difficult. 不借助面部表情就能清楚地表达自己的观点会很难。 活学巧练: The mystery was ________ when he admitted he had been there all the time. A. cleared out B. cleared away C. cleared up D. cleared off

7.come to/into power(开始)掌权,上台 精讲拓展: ①in one's power 为某人力所能及 ②in power 当权的,掌权的 ③seize power 夺取政权 ④take power 取得政权 ⑤put...into power 使执政,使上台 ⑥do all in one's power 尽力,竭尽全力 ⑦fall from power 下野,下台 ⑧have/hold power over sth.对……有控制权 ⑨beyond one's power 不能胜任,力所不能 注意:be in power―当权的,掌权的‖,指状态;come to/into power 指动作。 活学巧练: (1)The Government has been________(执政)for two years. (2)A newly-elected party_________________________(执政)last year. (3)Who do you think will take ________ office next month and become ________president of the USA, George W. Bush or John Kerry?
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A.a; the

B./; the

C.the; /

D./; a

8.throw into 投入;(使)陷入 The explosion threw the people into confusion. 精讲拓展: ①throw light on/upon sth.阐明某事;使某事显得清楚 ②throw sth./oneself at sb./sth.冲向某人/某物,向……扔…… ③throw over 放弃 ④throw about 抛撒……,散(财),浪费(金钱) ⑤throw away 抛弃……,把(机会等)丢掉 ⑥throw back 把……丢回;拖延…… ⑦throw off 匆匆脱掉衣服;扔掉,摆脱掉 ⑧throw up 举起,抛起;呕吐 活学巧练: (1)Everyone can see she is just____________________(同……套近乎)him. (2)When he became rich, he________________(抛弃)all his friends. (3)I_________________(依赖)your support to help me with his competition. (4)You are ___________ your money______________( 浪费 ) , buying such useless things. 9.bring in 请来,带进;引进,赚钱,收割庄稼 ①bring about 引起;导致 ②bring back 归还;使记起;使恢复 ③bring down 使落下;降低;减少 ④bring on 导致,促成;使……发展/进步 ⑤bring out 阐释;出版(书籍等);发挥 ⑥bring up 教育;养育;提出;呕吐 朗文在线: ① The sale of the house only brought in about £ 45,000. 卖房子只赚了约 4.5 万英镑。 ②Could I just bring in some members of the audience to get their views? 我可以邀请一些观众来听取他们的意见吗?
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③I shall bring up this question at the next meeting. 这个问题我要在下次会议上提出。 活学巧练: The policeman ________ two thieves caught stealing in the supermarket. A. brought up B. brought into C. brought in D. brought out

10.well done 干得好,真棒(用于赞扬某人做事做得好) 精讲拓展: ①well played 干得好(=well done) ②well-done adj.(尤指肉等食物)熟透的,煮透的 ③go well 成功(与计划或期望的一样) ④done 好,行,成交(用于表示同意并接受某交易的条件) ⑤be done 上当,受骗 误区警示:well done 强调赞扬某人做得好,而 done 是强调成交。 朗文在线: ①You paid £50 for that! You were done, mate! 你买那东西竟然花了 50 英镑!你上当了,老兄! 命题方向:well done 常与 congratulations, all right 等放于一起以辨析题的形式在交际 用语中考查。 活学巧练: —The answer is that Stephen Hawking discovered the radiation. —________ A.Well done! B.Congratulations! C.Celebrations! D.All right!

Grammer
Step 1. 一般用法 1.一般现在时的被动语态构成:is / am / are +及物动词的过去分词 ① Our classroom is cleaned everyday. ② I am asked to study hard by my mother. ③ Knives are used for cutting things. 2.一般过去时的被动语态构成:was / were + 及物动词的过去分词

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① The new shop was built last year. ② Dinosaur eggs were laid long long ago. 3.现在完成时的被动语态构成:has / have + been +及物动词的过去分词 ① This book has been translated into many languages. ② Many man-made satellites have been sent up into space by many countries. 4.一般将来时的被动语态构成:will+ be + 及物动词的过去分词 ① A new hospital will be built in our city. ② Many more trees will be planted next year. 5.含有情态动词的被动语态构成:情态动词+ be + 及物动词的过去分词 ① Young trees must be watered often. ② Your mistakes should be corrected right now. ③ The door may be locked inside. ④ Your homework can be handed in tomorrow. 6.现在进行时的被动语态构成:am / is / are + being +及物动词的过去分词 ① Uncle Wang is mending my bike now.→

② They are planting trees over there. →

7.不定式的被动语态:to + be + 及物动词的过去分词 ① There are two books to be read. ② There are twenty more trees to be planted. Step 2 特殊用法 1.不及物动词无被动语态。 如:happen, break down, come out...... ① What will happen in 100 years. ② The dinosaurs disappeared about 65 million years ago. 2. 有些动词用主动形式表示被动意义。 如:write, sell, ride..... ① This pen writes well. ② This new book sells well. ③ This new book has been sold out. 3.感官动词或使役动词使用省略 to 的动词不定式,主动语态中不带―to‖,但变为被动语态
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时,须加上―to‖。 例:① make somebody do something →somebody+ be +made to do something ② see somebody do something →somebody +be +seen to do something ③ A girl saw my wallet drop when she passed by. →

④ The boss made the little boy do heavy work. →

4. 如果是接双宾语的动词改为被动语态时,直接宾语(物)作主语,那么动词后要用介词, 这个介词是由与其搭配的动词决定。 ① He gave me a book. →A book was given ________ me by him. ② He showed me a ticket .→A ticket was shown _________ me by him. ③ My father bought me a new bike. →A new bike was bought ________ me by my father. 5. 一些动词短语用于被动语态时,动词短语应当看作一个整体,而不能丢掉其中的介词或 副词。 ① We can’t laugh at him. →He can’t be laughed at by us. ② He listens to the radio every day. →The radio is listened to by him every day. ③ The nurse is taking care of the sick man. →The sick man is being taken care of by the nurse. 6. 新兴形式 get 被用来代替助动词 be 和过去分词连用,构成被动结构,表示某一事件或事故的发生, 着重强调动作的发生。 Some glasses got broken when we were moving. 我们搬家的时候有些玻璃杯被打 碎了。 He got killed when he was crossing the road. 过马路时他被车撞死了。 The boy got hurt when he was riding to school. 这男孩在骑车上学的路上受伤了。 They got trapped in the fire and were killed. 他们被困在火中烧死了 He got hurt in the leg when he fell down from the tree. 他从树上掉了下来,摔伤 了腿。 His car got damaged in a road accident? 他的车在交通事故中被毁了。
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The dog got killed by the car.狗被汽车压死了。 Cleaning women in big cities usually get paid by the hour. 在大城市里清洁女工通 常按小时付报酬 。 In the end, he got admitted into Beijing University. 他终于被北京大学录取了。 You will get punished some day. 你总有一天会受到惩罚的。 At last his novel got translated into French. 他的小说终于被译成了法语。 In the end he got invited.最后还是邀请了他。 2.―get + 过去分词‖与―be + 过去分词‖在构成被动结构时的区别: ① 前者多用于口语和非正式文体,而后者则可用于更多的场合。 ② 前者侧重表示动作,而后者既可表动作又可表状态,有时有歧义,如: The chair got broken yesterday. 昨天这把椅子被弄坏了。 (表动作) The chair was broken yesterday. 昨天这把椅子被弄坏了。 (表动作)或 昨天这把椅子 是坏的。 (表状态) The police say the man was shot when they found him, but they don’t know w hen he got shot. 警察说他们找到那个人时,他已被枪杀了,但是他们不知道他是什么时候被枪杀的。 (was shot 表状态;got shot 表动作) 7. 特别提醒 ① need doing something/ need to be done 也表示被动 , 其中用法一致的还有 want/require ② be worth doing/ be worthy of being done/ be worthy to be done 课后探究案 1. ---Your job ___ open for your return. ---Thanks. A. will be kept B. will keep C. had kept D. had been kept

2. I have to go to work by taxi because my car ____ at the garage. A. will be repaired C. is being repaired B. is repaired D. has been repaired

3. Customers are asked to make sure that they ____ the right change before leaving the shop.
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A. will give

B. have been given

C. have given

D. will be given

4. When he turned professional at the age of 11, Mike ____ to become a world champion by his coach and parents. A. expected C. was expected B. was expecting D. would be expected

5. ---I don’t suppose the police know who did it. --- Well, surprisingly they do. A man has been arrested and ____ now. A. has been questioned C. is questioning B. is being questioned

D. has questioned

6. The moment the 28th Olympic Games ____ open, the whole world cheered. A. declared C. have declared B. have been declared D. were declared

7. In a room above the store, where a party____, some workers were busily setting the table. A. was to be held B. has been held C. will be held D. is being held

8. It is said that the early European playing---cards ____ for entertainment and education. A. were being designed C. have been designed B. have designed D. were designed

9. Although the causes of cancer ____, we do not yet have any practical way to prevent it. A. are being uncovered C. are uncovering B. have been uncovering D. have uncovered

10. The construction of the two railway lines ____ by now. A. has completed been completed B. have completed C. have been completed D. has

Module 5
cave cliffs

A Trip Along the Three Gorges
lake peak
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Before class 1.Use the words to complete the definitions. plain

plateau

shore

slope

valley

wood

1).A _______ is the low ground between the sides of mountains. 2).A __________is a large area of flat low ground. 3).The __________is the area where the land meets the sea or a lake. 4).A __________is the side of the mountain. 5) __________are the steep sides of mountains at the edge of a river or the sea. 6).A __________is the top of a mountain. 7).A __________is an area of water surrounded by land. 8).A __________is a small forest. 9).A __________is a large hole in a cliff or a mountain. 10).A __________is a large area of flat high ground. In class Step 1 Imagine you are going on a trip through the Three Gorges. Which of these topics will you talk about? the boat the food life along the river the scenery the weather Step 2 Fast Reading Read the passage quickly and check the items in Step 1 which the writer talks about. Step 3 Careful reading Read the passage carefully and try to get as much details as you can. After reading, complete the statements about the writer’s journey. 1).Peter and his friend went downstream__________. (a) to see the dam (b) to see the Three Gorges (c) to get to Fuling 2).He chose the Jiangyou boat because__________. (a) it was crowded (b) it didn’t stop at temples (c) it didn’t usually carry foreigners 3).When they started the trip it was__________. (a) sunny (b) cold (c) evening 4).When the boat went through the first Gorge, Peter and his friend__________. (a) took lots of photographs (b) spent most of the time on deck (c) were asleep 5).When they reached the site of the dam __________came to look. (a) everyone (b) no one (c) only the foreigners 6).Peter was impressed by the Yangtze River’s sense of__________. (a) power (b) history (c) danger Step 4 Match the words with their definitions. characters raft deck dock detour exploit pagoda

1) a place where boats load and unload__________ 2) a simple boat made of pieces of wood tied together__________ 3) a Buddhist temple__________
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4) a change of route__________ 5) a floor on a boat__________ 6) marks or signs used in writing__________ 7) to use or take advantage of__________ Step 5 Complete the definitions of the words in the box. bamboo colleague construction site distant goods legend poet rush set trade 1) .A __________is the place where something is being built. 2).To __________means to buy and sell things. 3).If you __________somewhere you go there quickly. 4).__________is the opposite of near. 5).__________are things you can buy or sell. 6).A __________is a very old story which is probably not true. 7).The sun rise in the east and __________in the west. 8).A __________is someone who writes poems. 9).A __________is someone who works with you. 10).__________is a plant which grows quickly and is used to make furniture. Step 6 Retell the text. In August, Peter Hessler, a young American teacher of English, arrived in the town of Fuling on the Youngtze River. He and a 1 were to teach English at a teacher training college. At the end of January they had four weeks 2 for the Spring Festival. They decided to take a boat 3 . They bought tickets for the Jiangyou boat. The sun was shining brightly as they sailed down stream through a 4 region. They slept through the Qutang Gorge. The gorge 5 to 350 feet as the river 6 through the two-mile-high mountains. The next day they went through the Wu Gorge. Along the Yangtze River, every rock looks like a person or animal, every stream that joined the great river carried its 7 , every hill was 8 with the past. As they came out of the third gorge, the Xiling Gorge, they sailed into the construction site of the dam. On a distant mountain was a sign 9 20-foot characters. ―Build the Three Gorges Dam, 10 the Youngtze River,‖ it said.

Language points
1.surround vt.包围,环绕 v.围绕 n.围绕物(尤指)围饰 精讲拓展: ①be surrounded with/by...被……环绕着;周围都是…… ②surrounding adj.周围的;附近的 ③surroundings n.环境 误区警示:surroundings n.环境(通常用复数形式) The house is in beautiful surroundings. 这座房屋四周的环境优美。 朗文在线:
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①The city is surrounded on all sides by hills. 这个城市四面环山。 命题方向:surround 的各种形式及意思是考查的重点。 活学巧练: (1)She has always been____________(包围)with fashionable friends. (2)He likes to________________________________(生活在)beautiful things. (3)The house is situated in very pleasant____________(环境). (4)There are some strange things___________(环境)her. 2.trade n.&v.生意;做生意 The company trades mainly in furs and animal skins. 精讲拓展: ①trade with 与……做交易 ②trade in sth.经营 ③trade union 工会 ④trade on sth.(贬义)利用……牟取私利 活学巧练: (1)He ________(以……牟利)his father's reputation. (2)The old man________his house________(用……交换)a car. (3)He tried his best to develop________( 贸 易 )relations between the two nations. (4)Shoemaking is a useful________(行业). 3.forbid v.禁止;不许 精讲拓展: ①forbid doing sth.禁止做某事 ②forbid sb.(to do)sth.禁止某人(做某事) ③forbidding adj.可怕的;令人难亲近的 ④forbidden adj.禁止的;严禁的 ⑤the Forbidden City 紫禁城 误区警示:forbid 直接接动词的-ing 形式,不可接不定式形式。 朗文在线: ①He was forbidden to leave the base as a punishment. 作为惩罚,他被禁止离开基地。 命题方向:forbid doing 与 forbid sb. to do 是重要考点。 活学巧练: (1)The school________(不允许)the students to smoke. (2)The storm________(禁止)us to go out. (3)We___________________(禁止抽烟)here. (4)He was____________(不允许)access to the club. (5)He was in poor health, so the doctor________him to drink wine. A.hoped B.demanded C.forbade D.prevented 答案与解析:C ―因为身体不好,医生禁止他饮酒‖,句意理解。 4.mark n.符号,记号;污迹;斑点;分数 v.留下痕迹;标示;标志;打分;作记号 精讲拓展:

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①be marked by...具有……特征 ②mark sb./sth. down 记下(某事),给……低分 ③be marked with...标注了…… 误区警示:mark 作名词时是一个可数名词,表示―分数‖时属英式用法,grade 表示―分数‖ 属于美式用法。 朗文在线: ①What do those strange marks at the top mean? 上面那些奇怪的符号表示什么意思? ②The pass mark was 50%. 及格分数是(百分制)50 分。 ③I've got a pile of exam papers to mark. 我有一堆试卷要评阅打分。 命题方向:mark 作为及物动词的用法常在时态考查题中出现。 活学巧练: Prices________on the goods, that is, the goods are marked________prices. A.mark; by B.are marking; on C.are marked; with D.were marked; for 5.view n.景色,风景;观点,看法 vt.观察,观看;认为;把……看作是 精讲拓展: ①in view of 鉴于,考虑到 ②be in view 在视野中 ③have a good/bad/wonderful view of 看得见/看不见/看得非常清楚 ④on view 展览着,陈列着 ⑤take the view that 持……的观点 朗文在线: ①We had a really good view of the whole stage from where we were sitting. 从我们坐的位置看,整个舞台尽收眼底。 ②She waited until the whole island was in view and then took a photograph. 她一直等到看见整个岛才拍了一张照片。 活学巧练:翻译 In view of his recent conduct, we decided to teach him a lesson. 6.narrow v.变窄;使变狭窄,使缩小 adj.勉强的;狭窄的 ①a narrow escape 九死一生 ②narrow victory/ defeat 险胜/勉强击败 ③narrow... to...把……局限在……之内 ④narrowly adv.勉强地;差一点儿;狭隘地 朗文在线: We narrowly missed hitting another car. 我们差一点儿撞上另一辆汽车。 活学巧练: (1)河道在这里变窄了。 The river ________ at this point. (2)他对着太阳眯起了眼睛。
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He __________ his eyes ____________ the sun. (3)当卡车撞到她的汽车时,她险些丧生。 She had a ________________ when a lorry crashed into her car. 7.distant adj.遥远的,远隔的,亲属关系远的;冷淡的,不友善的 精讲拓展: ①at a distance 相距,相隔 ②in the distance 在远处 ③distance n.距离,间距,远处;冷淡 ④distantly adv.远地 朗文在线: These two boys don't look alike, but they are distant relations. 这两个孩子外表不像,但是他们是远亲。 活学巧练: Last night I was driving from Harrisburg to Lewisburg; it was a ________ of about eighty miles. A.distance B.height C.space D.speed 8 . narrow v.变窄;使变狭窄,使缩小 adj.勉强的;狭窄的 narrowly adv.勉强地;差一点儿; ①a narrow escape 九死一生 ②narrow victory/ defeat 险胜/勉强击败 ③narrow down 缩小……的范围 ④narrow... to...把……局限在……之内 朗文在线: ①There are plans to widen the narrowest section of the road. 有计划要拓宽这条道路最狭窄的部分。 ②The police have narrowed down their list of suspects. 警方已经缩小了嫌疑犯的范围。 ③We narrowly missed hitting another car. 我们差一点儿撞上另一辆汽车。 活学巧练: (1)河道在这里变窄了。 The river ________ at this point. (2)当卡车撞到她的汽车时,她险些丧生。 She had a ________________ when a lorry crashed into her car. 9. rip off
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rip sb. off 敲诈;讹诈 Tourists complain of being ripped off by local cab drivers. 游客们抱怨被当地的司机敲了竹杠。 rip off sth. 偷窃;盗取 Thieves broke in and ripped off five computers. 盗贼破门而入,偷走了五台电脑。 即境活用: 这些游客在海南被敲了竹杠。 ______________________________________________________. 10 get a kick out of 喜欢;获得极大乐趣 I get a kick out of driving fast cars. 开快车给我带来极大的乐趣。 即境活用: 我喜欢课间听听音乐。 _________________________________________________________ 随堂演练: 1. . When Mr. Brown got off the train, he found himself ________ students. A. surround B. to surround C.surrounding by his

D.surrounded

2. To learn English well, we should find opportunities to hear English ________ as much as we can. A. speak B. speaking C. spoken D. to speak 3.Judging from the trees ________ with apples, we will have a good year again. A.heavy 单项选择 1. Go on climbing to the top of peak, and you can see all the ________ hills. A. surround B. surrounding C. surrounded D. to surround 2. The report should be _________ on Friday, with __________ 5,000 words. A. taken over; at least B. handed over; at latest C. handed in; at least D. given over; at last 3. _________ is known to everybody, the moon travels around the earth once every month. A. It B. As C. That D. What 4. __________ Marx _________ still by my side to see this with his own eyes! A. If only; were B. If only; is C. Only if; was D. Only if; were 5. ---I told him the secret. ---- __________________________________. A. You must not have done that B. You ought not to have done that C. Why didn’t you? D. I’m sorry to hear that. 6. ----I can’t find my pen.
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B.full C.filling

D.faced

----- __________________________________. A. must leave B. must forget C. must have forgotten D. must have left 7. I lived with my sister this summer and didn’t have to pay rent. So I__________ save most of my salary. A. could B. would C. was able to D. should 8. I ________ she__________ out alone at night. A. dare say; daredn’t go B. dare to say; daren’t go C. dared say; doesn’t dare to go D. dare say; daren’t go 9. -----___________ in the office. Please stop it. ----- Sorry, I ________________________. A. Smoking is not allowed; don’t know B. Not smoking; am not sure C. Smoking is forbidden; didn’t know D. Don’t smoke; have no idea 10. Sorry I’m late. I __________ have turned off the alarm clock and gone back to sleep again. A. might B. should C. can D. will 11. The program is like a window to the world ___________ you sit by it and fix your attention on what it shows. A. if B. as C. while D. unless 12. -----Joan was badly injured in the accident yesterday and she was sent to hospital. ----- Oh, really? I ____________. I ____________________ visit her. A. didn’t know; will go to B. don’t know; will go to C. didn’t know; am going to D. haven’t known; am going to 13. ______________, he never seems able to do the work beautifully. A. Try as he does B. As he tries C. Try as does he D. As try he does 14. More and more people choose to shop in a supermarket as it offers a great __________ of goods. A. variety B. mixture C. extension D. combination 15. He will agree to do what you require __________ him. A. of B. from C. to D. for

复习情态动词的用法(Revision of modal verbs)
情态动词有 can (could), may (might), must, have to, shall (should, will (would), dare (dared), need (needed), ought to 等。 情态动词无人称和数的变化;不能单独 使用,必须与其后的动词原形构成谓语。 一、 can, could 表示能力(体力、知识、技能) 。
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(1)Can you lift this heavy box?(体力) (2)Mary can speak three languages.(知识) (3) Can you skate?(技能) Can 只有一般现在时和一般过去式;而 be able to 则有更多的时态。 当表示―经过努力才得以做成功某事‖时应用 be able to,不能用 can。如: He was able to go to the party yesterday evening in spite of the heavy rain. 2) 表示请求和允许。 -----Can I go now? ----- Yes, you can. / No, you can’t. 此时可与 may 互换。在疑问句中还可用 could,might 代替,不是过去式,只是语气更委 婉,不能用于肯定句和答语中。 ---- Could I come to see you tomorrow? ---- Yes, you can. ( No, I’m afraid not. ) 3) 表示客观可能性(客观原因形成的能力) 。 They’ve changed the timetable, so we can go by bus instead. This hall can hold 500 people at least. 4) 表示推测(惊讶、怀疑、不相信的态度) ,用于疑问句、否定句和感叹句中 (1)Can this be true? (2)This can’t be done by him. (3)How can this be true? 二、 may, might 1) 表示请求和允许。might 比 may 语气更委婉,而不是过去式。否定回答时可用 can’t 或 mustn’t,表示―不可以,禁止‖。 ----Might/ May I smoke in this room? ---- No, you mustn’t. ---- May/Might I take this book out of the room? ---- Yes, you can. (No, you can’t / mustn’t. ) 用 May I...?征徇对方许可时比较正式和客气,而用 Can I...?在口语中更常见。 2)用于祈使句,表示祝愿。 May you succeed! 3) 表示推测、可能性(不用于疑问句) 。might 不是过去式,它所表示的可能性比 may 小。 (1) He may /might be very busy now. (2) Your mother may /might not know the truth. 三、 must, have to 1) 表示必须、必要。 (1) You must come in time. 在回答引出的问句时, 如果是否定的, 不能用 mustn’t (禁止, 不准) , 而用 needn’t, don’t have to(不必). ---- Must we hand in our exercise books today? ---- Yes, you must. ---- No, you don’t have to / you needn’t. 2) must 是说话人的主观看法, 而 have to 则强调客观需要。Must 只有一般现在时, have to 有更多的时态形式。 (1) He play isn’t interesting, I really must go now.
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(2) I had to work when I was your age. 3) 表示推测、可能性(只用于肯定的陈述句) (1) You’re Tom’s good friend, so you must know what he likes best. (2) Your mother must be waiting for you now. 四、 dare, need 1) dare 作情态动词用时, 常用于疑问句、否定句和条件从句中, 过去式形式为 dared。 (1) How dare you say I’m unfair? (2) He daren’t speak English before such a crowd, dare he? (3) If we dared not go there that day, we couldn’t get the beautiful flowers. 2) need 作情态动词用时, 常用于疑问句、否定句。在肯定句中一般用 must, have to, ought to, should 代替。 (1) You needn’t come so early. (2) ---- Need I finish the work today? ---- Yes, you must. / No, you needn’t. 3) dare 和 need 作实义动词用时, 有人称、时态和数的变化。在肯定句中,dare 后面 常接带 to 的不定式。在疑问句和否定句中,dare 后面可接带 to 或不带 to 的不定式。而 need 后面只能接带 to 的不定式。 (1). I dare to swim across this river. (2). He doesn’t dare (to) answer. (3). He needs to finish his homework today. 五、 shall, should 1) shall 用于第一人称,征求对方的意见。 What shall we do this evening? 2) shall 用于第二、三人称,表示说话人给对方的命令、警告、允诺或威胁。 (1) You shall fail if you don’t work hard.(警告) (2) He shall have the book when I finish it.(允诺) (3) He shall be punished.(威胁) 六、 will, would 1) 表示请求、建议等,would 更委婉。 Will / Would you pass me the ball, please? 2) 表示意志、愿望和决心。 (1) I will never do that again. (2)They asked him if he would go abroad. 3) would 表示过去反复发生的动作或某种倾向。 would 表示过去习惯时比 used to 正式, 且没有―现已无此习惯‖的含义。 (1) During the vacation, he would visit me every other day. (2) The wound would not heal. 4) 表示估计和猜想。 It would be about ten o’clock when she left home. 七、 should, ought to 1) should, ought to 表示―应该‖,ought to 表示义务或责任,比 should 语气重。 (1) I should help her because she is in trouble. (2)You ought to take care of the baby. 2) 表示劝告、建议和命令。should, ought to 可通用,但在疑问句中常用 should。
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(1) You should / ought to go to class right away. (2) Should I open the window? 3) 表示推测 should , ought to (客观推测), must(主观推测)。 (1)He must be home by now. (断定他已到家) (2)He ought to/should be home by now.(不太肯定) (3)This is where the oil must be.(直爽) (4)This is where the oil ought to/should be.(含蓄) 八、 情态动词+不定式完成式(have done) 1) can / could + have done 在肯定句中表示―本来可以做而实际上能做某事‖,是虚拟 语气;在疑问句或否定句中表示对过去行为的怀疑或不肯定, 表示推测。 (1)You could have done better, but you didn’t try your best. (虚拟语气) (2)He can’t have been to that town.(推测) (3)Can he have got the book?(推测) 2) may / might +不定式完成式(have done) 表示对过去行为的推测。不能用于疑问句中,没有虚拟语气的用法。Might 所表示的可能 性比 may 小。 (1)He may not have finished the work . (2)If we had taken the other road, we might have arrived earlier. 3)must +不定式完成式(have done) 用于肯定句中,表示对过去行为的推测。意为―一定、想必‖。其疑问、否定形式用 can, can’t 代替。参看 1) can / could + have done 表示推测。 (1) You must have seen the film Titanic. (2) He must have been to Shanghai. 4)should +不定式完成式(have done)用于肯定句中,表示对过去行为的推测。 He should have finished the work by now。 表示―本应该做而实际上没有做某事‖,其否定式表示某种行为本不该发生却发生了。可以 与 ought to +不定式完成式(have done)互换。 (1) You ought to / should have helped him. (but you didn’t.) (2) She shouldn’t have taken away my measuring tape, for I wanted to use it. 5) needn’t +不定式完成式(have done)表示―本来不必做而实际上做了某事‖。 You needn’t have watered the flowers, for it is going to rain. 6) will +不定式完成式(have done)主要用于第二、三人称,表示对已完成的动作或事 态的推测。 He will have arrived by now. 随堂检测:Underline the correct verb. 1 You should/ shouldn’t visit the Three Gorges. They’re beautiful. 2 Boats can/ can’t reach the upper part of the Yangtze River. It’s too dangerous. 3 You should/ shouldn’t go in winter. The water’s too low. 4 Travellers must/ mustn’t show their documents when they arrive. It’s the law. 5 They could/ couldn’t see the mountains in the distance. The peaks were shining in the sunlight. 6 The children could/ couldn’t find their way out of the woods. They were lost. 7 Peter had to/ must return by the end of February. He started work again in
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March. 课后巩固案 1. I’m going to Europe on vacation together with John if I _____find the money. A. can B. might C. would D. need 2. I _____ use a clock to wake me up because at six o’clock each morning the train comes by my house. A. couldn’t B. mustn’t C. shouldn’t D. needn’t 3. Days later, my brother called to say he was all right, but ___ say where he was. A. mustn’t B. shouldn’t C. wouldn’t D. mightn’t 4. I _____ have watched that movie—it’ll give me horrible dreams. A. shouldn’t B. needn’t C. couldn’t D. mustn’t 5. You can’t imagine that a top student _____ have failed in the college entrance examination. A. might B. need C. should D. would 6. I tried to call on you last week but your dog simply ______ not let me come through the gate. A. could B. should C. might D. would 7. --- Why _____ you stay in the countryside, where it’s not convenient to go shopping? ---- But I’ve found it rather valuable for my health. A. can B. must C. may D. shall 8. --- I can hear the water running in the bathroom. --- Yes, Tom ____ be taking another shower. A. should B. need C. must D. can

Module 6

Unexplained Mysteries of the Natural World
1. 课前预习案

Match the words with their definitions. attack spirit claw tail creature dinosaur footprint hairy monster

1.an animal, especially if you don’t know what kind of animal it is 2. an unknown animal that is big and frightening 3. with a lot of hair 4. the mark left on the ground by a foot 5. a part that sticks out at the back of an animal’s body 6. a large animal that lived thousands of years ago 7. something that continues to exist after death 8. the sharp nails that some animals and birds have on their feet 9. to use violence against someone Step 1 Fast Reading.
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Read the passage quickly and finish the following questions. 1.Read the first paragraph and decide the passage comes from A. a tourist guide B. a newspaper C. a dictionary D. a scientific journal 2.Decide whether the following statements are true or false. (1)The monster is reported to be in the Changbai Mountains in Jinlin Province.( ) (2)The passage reports four sights of the monster. ( ) (3)One of the soldiers said the monster was black. ( ) (4)The monster was first sighted since the beginning of this century. ( ) (5)The scientists say the low-temperature lake is unlikely to support such large living creatures ( ) (6)Lake Tianchi covers an area of about 370 square kilometers. ( ) Step 2 Detailed Reading 1)Read the first paragraph quickly and answer the two questions. ① According to the text, what did the monster look like?

② How many people saw it?

2) Read the second paragraph and answer the questions: ① Who else saw the animal?

② What were they doing?

③ What did it look like?

3) Read the third and fourth paragraph and answer the questions. ① What did Li Xiaohe see?

② Why could they see the animal clearly?

③ How long was the history of reports of monsters in Lake Tianchi?

④ What do many people think?

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⑤ What do the scientists think?

4) Read the last paragraph and give the following information about Lake Tianchi: Height: ① Area: ② Depth: ③

Step 3 Careful Reading. 1. Match the main idea with each paragraph. Para. 1 A. Another recent sighting of Tianchi monster Para. 2 B. A recent sighting of Tianchi monster Para. 3 C. more information about Tianchi monster Para.4 D. A third report of Tianchi monster Para.5 E. information about Lake Tianchi 2. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer. (1). What is the topic of this text? A. Introduction to ―Monster of Lake Tianchi‖ B. Several recent sightings of lake monsters C. Scientists skeptical about lake monsters D. ―Monster of Lake Tianchi‖ and reports of monsters in the lake (2). Xue Junlin, a local photographer, claimed that its head looked like a _____. A. cat B. elephant C. horse D. tiger (3). Which of the following statements is not scientifically based? A. The ―Monster of Lake Tianchi‖ is in the Changbai Mount ains. B. Jilin province is in northeast China. C. The lake monster seemed to be black in colour. D. Lake Tianchi is the highest volcanic lake in the world. (4) What does ―distant‖ mean in ―Many people think the monster may be a distant cousin of the Loch Ness monster in Scotland.‖? A. remote in time B. remote in relationship C. aloofly reserved D. hard to distinguish clearly Step 4 Summary Fill the blanks of the summary according to the passage. The ―Monster‖ of Lake Tianchi, the highest (1) lake in the world, is (2) after several recent sightings. But no one has ever got a clear look at the (3) creature. In one sighting, as is (4) by the director of a local tourist office, it is black and (5) the water like a seal. In another recent sighting, a group of soldiers watched it (6) for about 2 minutes. A third report came from a family who (7) to (8) a round black creature (9) quickly through the water and then (10) the water. Many people think the monster may be a (11) cousin of the Loch Ness monster in Scotland. Scientists, however, are (12) , because the low-temperature lake is (13) to be able to (14) such a large
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(15)

creature.

Language points
1.attack v.&n.攻击;抨击;侵袭,(疾病)发作 The soldiers attacked the enemy at night. 精讲拓展: ①make an attack on...攻击;向……进攻 ②air attack 空袭 ③under attack 受到攻击 ④a heart attack 心脏病突发 误区警示:在 under attack 短语中,attack 前用零冠词。朗文在线: A cruel disease attacked the central nervous system. 一种凶残的疾病破坏了中枢神经系统。活学巧练: (1)There is an article________________(抨击)the England football manager in the newspaper. (2)The vines had been_________________(侵害)by mildew. (3)Many American planes________________(进行袭击)during the Iraq War. 2.claim vt.(根据权利)要求;认领;声称 n.(根据权利而提出的)要求;索赔;(对某事物 的)权利;主张 She claimed ownership of the land. 精讲拓展: ①claim for sth.索赔 ②claim sth. back 索回事物 ③claim that 从句 claim to do sth.声称 ④claim sth.要求/认领某物 误区警示:claim 不可接动名词作宾语。朗文在线: She claims to be a descendant of Charles Dickens. 她宣称自己是查尔斯· 狄更斯的后裔。 命题方向:claim to do 及 that 从句是重要考点。活学巧练: (1)They________(要求)the reward. (2)The lawyer________(声称)(that)the defendant was not guilty. (3)The government's________(断言)that the factory waste had killed the fish was correct. (4)They__________________(要求)higher pay. (5)You may be my sister, but that doesn't mean you have any______ on me. A. claims B. intervals C. justice D. extension 3.adapt v.(使)适应;改编 精讲拓展: ①adapt A for B 为……改编/改写 ②adapt A from B 根据……而改编 ③adapt oneself to sth. 使自己适应或习惯于某事 ④adapt sth. to 使某事物适应或适合
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⑤adapt to sth. 适应于某事 ⑥be well adapted to 特别适应于……朗文在线: ①When he moved to Canada, the children adapted to the change very well. 他移民加拿大后孩子们很能适应变化。 知识链接:―适应‖的表达方式还有:apply to, accommodate to,relate to,adjust to。 特别提示: adopt 的意思是―采取,采用;收养;领会‖。 adjust 指的是―调节,调整,校正‖。活学巧练: (1)These books_____________for middle school students. 这些书是为适应中学生而改写的。 (2)He could not_________his way of living to the company. 他的生活方式不能适应公司的要求。 (3)Distance learning is being ________ in several countries to help children in remote rural schools obtain higher education. A. attended B. adopted C. adapted D. admitted 4.due to 因为;由……引起;由于;应做的;应得的;(车、船等)预定到的;到期的;期 满的;应给予的 精讲拓展: ①due for sth.应有,应得到某物 ②due to do sth.预定;约定;预期做某事 ③表―由于,因为‖的还有以下这些短语: because of, owing to,as a result of, thanks to, on account of 误区警示:due to 意为―由于;起因于;归功于‖。在句中常常做表语或后置定语,但不可放于句首。 朗文在线: ①The company's problems are due to a mixture of bad luck and poor management. 该公司的问题出在运气不佳以及管理不善两个方面。 ②The meeting isn't due to start until three. 会议预定要到 3 点钟才开始。③I'm due for a pay rise soon. 不久就该给我加工资了。 命题方向:due to 常与 owing to, because of 等放在一起进行辨析考查。活学巧练: This year the white ducks are no longer lovely in locals' eyes, ________ their fear of bird flu. A.except for B.due to C.in case of D.instead of 5.die out 逐渐消灭;灭绝 精讲拓展: ①die away 消逝,平息,静下来 ②die down 平息;熄灭,渐渐平息 ③die for 迫切需要;为……而死 ④die off 相继死去,先后死去 ⑤by dying to do sth.极想做…… ⑥die of/from 因……而死朗文在线: ①The old traditions are dying out. 旧传统正在消失。 ②The bird's habitat is being destroyed and it has nearly died out.
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那种鸟的栖息地正受到破坏,几乎绝种。活学巧练: As a UN report warns, animals ________ at a speed 100 times faster now than any time in the past since the dinosaurs were wiped out. A.are dying out B.have died out C.were dying out D.had died out 6.throw light on 帮助弄清楚,阐明某事物 精讲拓展: ①bring sth. to light 揭露,公布于世 ②make light of 轻视 ③light up 点燃;放光彩 He promised to throw more light on his new plan. 他答应对他的新计划解说得更清楚些。 活学巧练: He decided to make further improvements on the computer's ________ the light of the requirements of customers. A.on B.for C.in D.with 课后巩固案 Ⅰ.根据句意,用所给单词的适当形式填空 design

disappear mystery reputation identity fierce evolve 1.He is interested in the________of the computer over the past 20 years. 2.His father died of a ________disease. 3.The________of the killer was still unknown. 4.The wind was blowing________outside. 5.Her sudden________was very worrying. Ⅱ.单项填空 1.― Rain is ________ in all parts of the country today‖, weather report says. A.alike B.probable C.likely D.possible 2. If you don't follow the teacher's advice, you are ________ to waste more time on the problem. A.likely B.probable C.possible D.probably 3.The ________ girl sat in the corner, ________. A.frightening; crying B.frightening; to cry C.frightened; crying D.frightened; to cry 4 . He ________ have completed his work; otherwise, he wouldn't be enjoying himself by the seaside. A.should B.must C.wouldn't D.can't 情景对话(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 根据对话情景和内容, 从对话后所给的选项中选出能填入每一空白处的最佳选项, 并在 答题卡上将该选项涂黑。选项中有两个为多余选项。 Sherry: Hey, Bab. 1 __ I'm going to Quebec next summer. I'd also like to do

some sightseeing. Bob: 2 Sherry. But do you mean the province of Quebec or Quebec

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City? Sherry: I mean the province. Bob: 3 4 My French is okay, but not that good. I know most

Sherry: Well,

people there speak French, but can also use English. Bob: Well, but you'll hear French most of the time and all the street signs are in French. So you'd better practice your French before you Sherry: Bob: 5 What about Quebec City? go.

It's a beautiful city, very old. You'll love it there.

Sherry: Fantastic! I can't wait to go. A . I appreciate your help. B. That's nice. C . What about going to Quebec? D. Do you think I can manage it in English? E. Good advice. F .Guess what? G .Oh, I have got it.

模拟训练一
阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的四个选项 (A, B, C 和 D) 中, 选出最佳选项. 并 在答且卡 上将该项涂黑。 A Are you looking for some new and exciting places to take your kids (孩子) to? Try some of these places: ·Visit art museums.They offer a variety of activities to excite your kids' interest.Many offer workshops for making land-made pieces, traveling exhibits, book signings by children's favorite writer, and even musical performances and other arts ·Head to a natural history museum.This is where kids can discover the past from dinosaur(恐龙) models to rock collections and pictures of stars in the sky.Also, ask what kind of workshops and educational programs are prepared for kids and any special events that are coming up.
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·Go to a Youtheater.Look for one in your area offering plays for child and family visitors . Pre-show play shops are conducted by area artists and educators where kids can discover the secret about performing arts- Puppet(木偶)making and stage make-up are just a couple of the special offerings you might find. ·Try hands-on science.Visit one of the many hands-on science museums around the country.These science play-lands are great fun for kids and grown-ups alike.They'll keep your child mentally and physically active the whole day through while pushing buttons, experimenting, and building. When everyone is tired, enjoy a fun family science show, commonly found in these museums. 1.If a child is interested in the universe, he probably will visit A.a Youtheater B.an art museum C.a natural history museum D.a hands-on science museum 2.What can kids do at a Youtheater? A.Look at rock collections. B.See dinosaur models. C.Watch puppet making. D.Give performances. 3.What does "hands-on science" mean in the last paragraph? A.Science games designed by kids. B.Learning science by doing things. C.A show of kids' science work. D.Reading science books. 4.Where does this text probably come from? A.A science textbook. B.A tourist map. C.A museum guide. D.A news report. B Honey(蜂蜜)from the African forest is not only a kind of natural sugar, it is also delicious.Most people, and many animals, like eating it.However, the only way for them to get that honey is to find a wild bees' nest(巢)and take the honey from it.Often, these nests are high up in trees, and it is difficult to find them.In parts of Africa, though, people and animals unexpected helper 一 a little bird called a honey guide. The honey guide does not actually like honey, but it does like the wax (蜂蜡) in the beehives (蜂) finally arrive at the nest, the follower reaches in to get at the delicious honey as the bird patiently waits and watches.Some of the honey, and the wax, always falls to the ground, and this is when the honey guide takes its share. Scientists do not know why the honey guide likes eating the wax, but
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it is very determined in its efforts to get it.The birds seem to be able to smell wax from a long distance away.They will quickly arrive whenever a beekeeper is taking honey from his beehives, and will even enter churches when beeswax candles are being lit. 5.Why is it difficult to find a wild bees' nest? A.It's small in size. B.It's hidden in trees. C.It's covered with wax. D.It's hard to recognize. 6.What do the words "the follower" in Paragraph 2 refer to? A.A bee. B.A bird. C.A honey seeker. D . A beekeeper. 7.The honey guide is special in the way_· A.it gets its food B . it goes to church C.it sings in the forest D . it reaches into bees' nests 8.What can be the best title for the text? A.Wild Bees B.Wax and Honey C.Beekeeping in Africa D.Honey-Lover's Helper C About twenty of us had been fortunate enough to receive invitations to a film-studio(影棚)to take part in a crowd-scene.Although our "act" would last only for a short time, we could see quite a number of interesting things. We all stood at the far end of the studio as workmen prepared the scene, setting up trees at the edge of a winding path.Very soon, bright lights were turned on and the big movie-camera was wheeled into position.The director shouted something to the camera operator and then went to speak to the two famous actors nearby.Since it was hot in the studio, it came as a surprise to us to see one of the actors put on a heavy overcoat and start walking along the path.A big fan began blowing tiny white feathers down on him, and soon the trees were covered in "snow".Two more fans were turned on, and a "strong wind" blew through the trees.The picture looked so real that it made us feel cold. The next scene was a complete contrast (对比) .The way it was filmed was quite unusual.Pictures in front taken on an island in the Pacific were shown on a glass screen (幕) .An actor and actress stood of the scene so that they looked trick like this, palm trees, sandy beaches, as if they were at the water's edge on an island.By a simple and blue, clear skies had been brought into the studio!
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Since it was our turn next, we were left wondering what scene would be prepared for us.For a full three minutes in our lives we would be experiencing the excitement of being film "stars"! 9.Who is the author? A.A cameraman. B. .A film director. C.A crowd-scene actor. D.A workman for scene setting. 10.What made the author feel cold? A.The heavy snowfall. B.The man-made scene. C.The low temperature. D.The film being shown. 11 . What would happen in the "three minutes" mentioned in the last paragraph? A.A new scene would be filmed. B.More stars would act in the film. C.The author would leave the studio. D.The next scene would be prepared. D Grown-ups are often surprised by how well they remember something they learned as children but have never practiced still swim as well as ever ever since.A man when he gets back who has not had a chance to go swimming for years can in the water.He can get on a bicycle after many years and still ride away.He can play catch and hit a ball as well as his son.A mother who has not thought about the words for years can teach her daughter the poem that begins "Twinkle, twinkle, little star"。remember the story of Cinderella or Goldilocks and the Three Bears. One explanation is the law ofoverlearninrf , which can be stated as follows: Once we have learned something, additional learning trials(尝 试)increase the length of time we will remember it. In childhood we usually continue to practice such skills as swimming, bicycle riding, and playing baseball long after we have learned them.We continue to listen to and remind ourselves of words such as "Twinkle, twinkle, little star" and childhood tales such as Cinderella and Goldilocks.We not only learn but overlearn. The multiplication tables (乘法口诀表) are an exception to the eeneral rule that we forget rather quickly the things that we learn in school, because they are another of the things we overlearn in childhood. The law of over learning explains why cramming (突击学习) for an examination.though it may result in a passing grade, is not a satisfactory way to learn a college course.By cramming, a student may learn the subject well enough to get by on the examination, but he is likely soon to forget almost everything he learned.A little overlearning.on the other hand,
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is really necessary for one's future development. 12.What is the main idea of paragraph 1? A.People remember well what they learned in childhood. B.Children have a better memory than grown-ups. C.Poem reading is a good way to learn words. D.Stories for children arc easy to remember. 13.The author explains the law of overleaming by_________. A.presenting research findings B.setting down general rules C.making a comparison D.using examples 14 . According to the author, being able to use multiplication tables is_______. A.a result of overlearning B.a special case of cramming C.a skill to deal with math problems D.a basic step towards advanced studies 15.What is the author's opinion on cramming? A.It leads to failure in college exams. B.It's helpful only in a limited way. C.It's possible to result in poor memory. D.It increases students' learning interest. 第二节(共 5 小题,每小题 3 分,满分 15 分) Public Speaking Training ·Get a coach 51 ,so get help. Since there are about a billion companies

out there all ready to offer you public speaking training and courses, here are some things to look for when deciding the training that's right for you. ·Focus on positives Any training you do to become more effective at public speaking should always focus on the positive aspects of what you already do well. Nothing can hurt confidence more than being told that you aren't doing well. 52 , so good public speaking training should develop those instead

of telling you what you shouldn't do. · 53 If you find a public speaking course that looks as though it's going
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to give you lots of dos and don'ts, walk away! Your brain is so full of what you're going to be talking about. 54 . As far as we're concerned, there are basically no hard and

fast rules about public speaking. Your audience can be your friends. ·You are a special person not a clone Most importantly, good public speaking training should treat you as a special one, with your own personal habits. course should help you bring out your personality, not try to turn you into someone you're not. A. You aren't like anybody else B. You already do lots of things well C. Turn your back on too many rules D. Check the rules about dos and don'ts E. Whatever the presentation, public speaking is tough F .The one thing you don't want is for them to fall asleep G. So trying to force a whole set of rules into it will just make things worse 第三部分英语知识运用 共两节,满分 55 分 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小.:每小 2 分.满分 40 分) 阅读下面短文.从短文后各题所给的四个选项《A、B.C 和 D》中,选出可以 填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项小涂黑。 Body language is the quiet, secret and most powerful language of all !It speaks 36 than words. According to specialists, our bodies send out more 37 than we realize. In fact, non-verbal communication(非 言语交际) takes up about 50% of what we really 38 , And body language is particularly 39 when we attempt to communicate across cultures (文化).Indeed, what is called body language is so 40 a part of us that it's actually often unnoticed. And misunderstandings occur as a result of it . 41 , different societies treat the 42 between people differently. Northern Europeans usually do not like having 43 contact( 接触 )even with friends, and certainly not with 44 . People from Latin American countries 45 , touch each other quite a lot. Therefore, it's possible that in 46 , it may look like a Latino is 47 a Norwegian all over the room. The Latino, trying to express friendship, will keep moving 48. The Norwegian, very probably seeing this as pushiness, will keep 49 - which the Latino
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55

. Your training

will in return regard as 50 _. Clearly, a great deal is going on when people 51 . And only a part of it is in the words themselves. And when parties are from 52 cultures, there's a strong possibility of 53 . But whatever the situation, the best 54 is to obey the Golden Rule: treat others as you would like to be 55 _. 36. A. straighter B. louder C. harder D. further 37. A. sounds B. invitations C. feelings D. messages 38. A. hope B. receive C. discover D. mean 39. A. immediate B. misleading C. important D. difficult 40. A. well B. far C. much D. long 41. A. For example B. Thus C. However D. In short 42. A. trade B. distance C. connections D. greetings 43. A. eye B. verbal C. bodily D. telephone 44. A. strangers B. Relatives C. neighbours D. enemies 45. A. in other words B. on the other hand C. in a similar way D. by all means 46. A. trouble B. conversation C. silence D. experiment 47. A. disturbing B. helping C. guiding D. following 48. A. closer B. faster C. in D. away 49. A. stepping forward B. going on C. backing away D. coming out 50. A. weakness B. carelessness C. friendliness D. coldness 51. A. talk B. travel C. laugh D. think 52. A. different B. European C. Latino D. rich 53. A. curiosity B. excitement C. misunderstanding D.nervousness 54. A. chance B. time C. result D. advice 55. A. noticed B. treated C. respected D. pleased 第二节 语法填空 共 10 题,每小题 1.5 分 满分 15 分。阅读下面材料,在空 白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Every language has its own special words and expressions. And a story can be told about each of them. Hot is a simple, easily?understood word. So are most of the expressions__1__(make) with the word hot. But not always,__2__we shall see. The words hot potato, for example, give you no idea at all to the meaning of the expression, hot potato. The potato is a popular vegetable in the United States. Many people like baked potatoes, cooked in an oven or fire. Imagine__3__(try) to carry
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a hot, baked potato in your hand. It would be difficult, even painful, to do so. Now we are getting close__4__the meaning of hot potato. Some publicly?disputed issues are__5__(high) emotional. The issues must be treated carefully, or they will be difficult and painful if an elected official has to deal with__6__, as difficult and painful as holding a hot potato. One such hot potato is taxes. __7__(call) for higher taxes can mean defeat for a politician. And yet,__8__taxes are not raised, some very popular government programs could be cut__9__that also can make a politician very unpopular. So the questions must be dealt with carefully,__10__same way you would handle any other hot potato.

模拟训练二
阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A, B, C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项.并在答且 卡上将该项涂黑。 A AH, Paris! The city d’amour (爱), where loved ones walk by the River Seine, kiss under the Eiffel Tower, and enjoy romantic candle-lit dinners at the famous Le Meurice restaurant. Across the city, ―love locks‖, symbols (象征) of a couple’s love, are put on its famous bridges to stay there forever. But in the city of love, all is not as it seems. Instead of romantic streets, there are dirty ones; instead of world-class service, there are rude waiters; and instead of carefully watched attractions, there are pickpockets (扒手). These are some of the concerns of tourists visiting the French capital who have been shocked after experiencing a kind of Paris very different from the one seen in the popular films Chocolat and Amé lie.
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The ―Paris syndrome ( 综 合 症 )‖, as it is known, describes the feeling of disenchantment (觉醒) after building up a romantic view of the city. As there are expensive Louis Vuitton, Hermes, and Cartier stores on the famous Champs-Elysé es, it is easy to see why 60 percent of Chinese tourists shop in Paris. But because they are often carrying large amounts of money, many Chinese tourists are being targeted by the city’s pickpockets. ―Sometimes, Chinese tourists try to pay for an ice cream with a 500-euro (3,867-yuan) bill,‖ Jean-Francois Zhou, president of the Chinese association of travel agencies in France, told Bloomberg. ―They usually change large amounts of yuan to limit money-changing fees, and the use of credit cards (信用卡) isn’t as common in China as it is in Europe,‖ he added. However, stories of rude Parisians have long been told throughout Europe. Britons have been teasing (取笑) the French for being unfriendly for a long time, and even many French people outside of Paris admit that Parisians can be a little bad-tempered ( 脾 气 不 好 的 ). But dig deeper than the general nice tourist interactions (互动) and you’ll find a pleasant side to Paris and Parisians. If you’re willing to go to places that you might not see in postcards, there are many incredibly (极为) beautiful and surprising spots hidden all around the city that will give you a taste of the romance you imagined. Paris is simply a proud city that sometimes gets a little tired of tourists. Choose the best answer: 1. What is the article mainly about? A. The different sides of Paris. B. What makes Paris a great city. C. The famous romantic spots in Paris. D. Suggestions for tourists in Paris. 2. Those with the Paris Syndrome probably ______. A. have a good impression of Paris after visiting it
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B. consider Parisians the rudest people in the world C. feel disappointed after some unpleasant experiences in Paris D. dream of visiting Paris after they watch popular films about the city 3. What does the author suggest that tourists do? A. Visit other parts of France instead of Paris. B. Focus on places that you can see in postcards. C. Dig deeper and explore the hidden corners of Paris. D. Stop interacting with bad-tempered Parisians. B WHICH do you think would cost more, a film or a Mars mission (任务)? The obvious answer is a Mars mission, you may have thought. After all, NASA spent $671 million (4.11 billion yuan) on its MAVEN mission, which put its spacecraft (航天器) into Mars’ orbit (轨道) late last month. But India may disagree. On its first try, India also put a spacecraft into Mars’ orbit in late September, at a cost of only $74 million. The spacecraft is called the Mars Orbiter. In contrast (对比), the 2013 sci-fi film Gravity cost about $100 million to make. So how has India done it? Well, people costs are lower in a nation with such a big population, and the mission used a lot of home-grown technology instead of expensive foreign imports (进口产品). But a more important reason is that India has been doing things simply, according to the BBC. They’ve kept it small. The spacecraft’s payload (荷载) weighs about 15kg. It has only five instruments that will study Mars’ atmosphere and weather, take color pictures of the planet, and map its surface in the next six months. NASA’s MAVEN, however, carries a 65kg payload. It includes nine instruments that will study Mars’ atmosphere as part of a yearlong mission and a 10 -year scientific campaign. It will also help NASA to communicate with its probes (探测
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器) on Mars. Of course, India’s Mars Orbiter won’t be able to do as much as the MAVEN. But it will try to answer some of the biggest questions about the Red Planet. It will try to look for methane (甲烷) in the atmosphere. This is one of the hottest topics in Mars research at the moment. Methane in the Earth’s atmosphere mainly comes from microbes (微生物). So if people can find methane in Mars’ atmosphere, it could prove that there’s life on the Red Planet. Scientists believe that the Indian spacecraft’s findings, together with those of other countries, will help us to have a better understanding of the planet. The Indian orbiter seems to be excited to make friends in space, too. Its Twitter account greeted NASA’s Mars Curiosity probe: ―Howdy (how do you do) ... Keep in touch. I’ll be around.‖ Choose the best answer: 4. Why is the film Gravity mentioned at the beginning of the article? A. To show how expensive it is to make a sci-fi film. B. To show that the film is similar to real space missions. C. To show that the Indian spacecraft cost less by comparison. D. To show that a film is by no means more expensive than a space mission. 5. What is the main factor that brought down the cost of the Indian spacecraft? A. The use of light, recyclable (可回收的) materials. B. The simple instruments and small payload. C. The use of home-made technology. D. The low people cost in India. 6. Which is one of the main tasks of the Indian spacecraft? A. To check whether there is life on Mars. B. To study the atmosphere and surface of Mars. C. To work with NASA’s Mars Curiosity probe.
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D. To analyze methane in the atmosphere of Mars. 7. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the article? A. It is the first time that India has sent a spacecraft into space. B. Some countries have already found microbes on Mars. C. NASA’s MAVEN has the heaviest payload in spacecraft history. D. Scientists from other countries also take an interest in looking for methane on Mars. C HANNAH Brencher believes in the power of pen and paper, and has started a global initiative (倡导) that encourages strangers to exchange love letters. Here is an excerpt (摘录) from her TED (Technology, Entertainment and Design, a non-profit conference) speech in 2012: I was one of the only kids in college who had a reason to go to the P.O. box (邮 政信箱) at the end of the day, and that was mainly because my mother has never believed in email, in Facebook, in texting or cell phones in general. And so while other kids were texting their parents, I was literally waiting by the mailbox to get a letter from home to see how the weekend had gone, which was a little frustrating when Grandma was in the hospital, but I was just looking for some sort of scribble (潦草写下的东西), some unkempt cursive (不整洁的草书) from my mother. Overnight, my inbox became this harbor (海港) of heartbreak – a single mother in Sacramento, a girl being bullied ( 欺负 ) in rural Kansas, all asking me, a 22-year-old girl who barely (几乎不能) even knew her own coffee order, to write them a love letter and give them a reason to wait by the mailbox …?And so when I moved to New York City after college and got completely sucker-punched (突 如其来的打击) in the face by depression (沮丧), I did the only thing I could think of at the time. I wrote those same kinds of letters that my mother had written me for strangers, and tucked (塞) them all throughout the city, dozens and
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dozens of them. I left them everywhere, in cafes and in libraries, at the UN, everywhere. I blogged about those letters and the days when they were necessary, and I posed (提出) a kind of crazy promise to the Internet: that if you asked me for a hand-written letter, I would write you one, no questions asked. We have learned to diary our pain onto Facebook, and we speak swiftly in 140 characters or less. But what if it’s not about efficiency (效率) this time??But, you know, the thing that always gets me about these letters is that most of them have been written by people that have never known themselves loved on a piece of paper. They could not tell you about the ink of their own love letters. They’re the ones from my generation (一代), the ones of us that have grown up into a world where everything is paperless, and where some of our best conversations have happened upon a screen. 8. Why did the speaker keep getting letters in college? A. She didn’t like using email or Facebook. B. She wanted to make it convenient for her grandma. C. Her mother didn’t believe in new technology. D. Her mother insisted that writing would benefit her. 9. What did the speaker do when she was depressed after moving to New York? A. She wrote letters to her mother just as she had done in college. B. She asked strangers to write letters to encourage her. C. She left love letters for strangers all over the city. D. She tried to kill time in cafes and libraries. 10. Which of the following is TRUE according to the speech? A. Many people still wish to receive hand-written letters. B. The people who sent letters to the speaker were mostly elderly people. C. Many people asked the speaker for advice after she posted her promise on her blog. D. The speaker would ask strangers some questions before she wrote them a
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letter. 11. What does the speech suggest that people do? A. Spend more quality time with family members. B. Write letters by hand for better communication. C. Help those in need of help when possible. D. Stop going online for your own health. D EMILY Read was shocked when she first heard that millions of children in Africa walk miles to get one bucket (桶) of water. Until about a year ago, Read, who is on Edison High school’s tennis team, had no idea that some children would not even mind taking water from a puddle (地上积水). She learned these facts from three children who were adopted (收养) from Africa by an Orange County family in California, US. ―I was horrified (惊恐的) when I heard that,‖ said Read, 15. ―I wanted to do something to help these people.‖ So she did what anyone her age would do – she got online and did her research. Read found Charity:Water, a New York City nonprofit that works to bring clean drinking water to people in developing nations. Over the last year, Read has collected $10,000 (61,400 yuan) all by herself. This money will help an Ethiopian village in the Tigray region to get its own well. She created a list of facts showing the terrible condition of those without water around the world. She then collected recyclables (可回收的东西) from gymnasiums and tennis centers. Read was able to collect $4,000 just with her recycling program. After that, she sent out letters to companies in the area and got great responses (回应), collecting $6,000 more. ―Emily is really an inspiration (激励大家的人) because I can now show her as an example to others who want to raise money, but feel discouraged,‖ said Kaitlyn Jankowski, spokeswoman for Charity:Water. ―What Emily has done is truly amazing for someone her age.‖ And Read says that she is not done yet. She wants to help build three wells when she graduates from high school in 2016. ―I’m planning fundraisers (资金筹集活动) … where I can talk to [rich donors] about the project and how it works,‖ she said. Thinking about the suffering of millions without water is reason enough for Read. ―Now, when I hear about people taking long showers, throwing away water or wasting it, my heart hurts,‖ she said. ―I don’t want to see so many people
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suffer and have to drink dirty water. I want to do what I can.‖ Choose the best answer: 12. What is the article mainly about? A. A project calling on people to save water. B. The difficulties African people have in finding clean water. C. A high school girl’s project to improve the water situation in Africa. D. Fundraisers aiming to collect money for African people. 13. How did Read feel when she heard about the water situation in Africa? A. Doubtful. B. Shocked. C. Hurt. D. Angry. 14. How has Read managed to collect money? A. By doing online research. B. By attending fundraisers. C. By selling recyclables. D. By asking people to donate online. 15. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the article? A. Read plans to work in Africa to further her project after she graduates. B. Charity:Water is an organization that aims to help improve the environment in Africa. C. Read received few responses when she sent letters to companies. D. Read is planning to collect more funds to build more wells in Africa. 第二节(共 5 小题,每小题 3 分,满分 15 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出正确的填入空白处。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Renaissance (文艺复兴): a time of ―rebirth‖, of reawakening (苏醒). For many of us, the word Renaissance means great art, like the masterpieces created by Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo. _____16_______ Historians consider the Renaissance to be the end of the ―Dark Ages‖ and the start of modern times. In the Middle Ages, life was seen as a test of suffering that you had to pass in order to reach Heaven. Few people questioned the church – how could they? ______17_______. So only the most important words – the words of the Bible – would be turned into books. Only highly educated or religious people would learn to read those words. _____18_____Better ways of printing books started to develop. In 1440, the German Johannes Gutenberg invented the first printing press (印刷机) in Europe. With more books around, wealthy people who were not part of the church like merchants and scholars began to read more and to question what they read.
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They rediscovered non-religious texts like those of ancient Roman and Greek writers. Then they went back to the Bible and questioned the way the church had always used it to teach. _______19_________. Humanists (人文主义者) believed in God but criticized the way the church abused (滥用) its power. They believed that man was free and that it was not a sin (罪恶) to enjoy life. According to humanists, life was full of beauty, waiting to be enjoyed. _______20_________. Art had always been about pictures of religious scenes, but humanists started to use human and animal models. Renaissance art honored the human body to emphasize the importance of the individual (个人). The results were images of human beings that were much more accurate than stylized (程式化的) Medieval (中世纪的) art. The woman in the Mona Lisa is not a famous queen or religious figure; she is a simple woman, wearing a simple smile. A. But technology soon began to change. B. Humanist ideas started to be expressed in art. C. But the Renaissance was much more than that. D. During the Renaissance, money and art went hand in hand. E. Books took a very long time to write out by hand. F. The word ―Renaissance‖ is borrowed from the French language, where it means ―re-birth‖. G. Out of this new thinking came a school of thought called humanism. 第三部分英语知识运用 共两节,满分 55 分 第二节 语法填空 共 10 题,每小题 1.5 分 满分 15 分。阅读下面材料,在空白处填入 适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 An accent (口音) can tell us a lot about a person: where they’re from, their social background. But 41. ______ you listen to the British closely enough, they may start to sound a little strange. That’s 42. ______ one in five change the way they talk to others, Daily Mail reported.

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Britain is a small island, but it’s 43. ______ (make up) many accents. However, some people think they need to change 44. ______ so people can understand them better. Eight percent change their accent to sound posh ( 上流社会的). People with this kind of accent speak slowly and 45. ______ (clear), with a plain tone. They’ll do this to sound smart in a job interview, 46. ______ (hope) to improve their chances. Even so, people who already sound upper class are not all happy either. Four percent of Britons change their accent to sound 47. ______ posh. People in public office, like politicians, who 48. ______ (know) to be upper class, will try to sound like the ―common man‖ in order to gain support for elections (选举). Besides, some parts of the country are more proud 49. ______ their accent than others. Only 2 percent of Scottish people change their accent, 50. ______ . 16 percent of people from the middle of England admit toning down their accent.

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