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欧洲文化(近代时期)


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1.第 1 题 Which description of Petrarch is wrong? A.He was known as the “father of humanism”. B.He was the first to coin the term “Dark Ages”. C.He valued his Italian writings more than his Latin writings. D.He was financed by Galeazzo II Visconti.
您的答案:C 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

2.第 2 题 Which one is not a period of Italian Renaissance Art? A.Early Renaissance B.Middle Renaissance C.High Renaissance D.Late Renaissance
您的答案:B 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

3.第 3 题 Which is not one of the three great achievements of Italian Renaissance art? A.the revival of classical texts B.the discovery of linear perspective C.the knowledge of anatomy D.the knowledge of the classical forms
您的答案:A 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

4.第 4 题 Who did not belong to the Florentine School of the Early Renaissance art? A.Brunelleschi B.Donatello C.Masaccio D.Raphael
您的答案:D

题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

5.第 5 题 Who was not one of the three masters of the High Renaissance art? A.Leonardo da Vinci B.Raphael C.El Greco D.Michelangelo
您的答案:C 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

6.第 6 题 Which is the key feature of the Mannerism of the Late Renaissance art? A.the invention of new artistic techniques B.the imitation of Greek and Roman styles C.the representation of idealized human figures D.the use of intense colors, strange themes and twisted figures.
您的答案:D 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

7.第 7 题 Which categories of publication does Erasmus’s The Praise of Folly belong to? A.clever satires to expose people’s errors B.serious moral books to offer people Christian guidance C.scholarly editions of basic Christian texts D.collection of stories to amuse people
您的答案:A 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

8.第 8 题 Which one is not the main characteristic of Shakespeare as a Renaissance man? A.His interest in classical culture B.His belief in humanism

C.His support of individualism D.His consciousness of national identity
您的答案:D 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

9.第 9 题 Who was not a representative writer of Northern Renaissance? A.Giovanni Boccaccio B.William Shakespeare C.Fran 鏾 is Rabelais D.Miguel de Cervantes
您的答案:A 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

10.第 10 题 Who was regarded as the “father of oil painting”? A.Masaccio B.Botticelli C.Albrecht D 黵 er D.Jan van Eyck
您的答案:C 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:0.0

11.第 11 题 In terms of science, what was the significant shift in thinking during the Renaissance Age? A.the inclusion of science in the educational program B.the emphasis on how things happened in nature C.the development of new scientific methods D.the acceptance of heliocentric theory
您的答案:B 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

12.第 12 题 Who was not a believer in the heliocentric theory? A.Nicolas Copernicus B.Johannes Kepler C.Galileo

D.Francis Bacon
您的答案:A 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:0.0

13.第 13 题 Which of the following is true about the central argument of the Ninety-Five Theses? A.The Ninety-Five Theses marks the beginning of the Reformation. B.It was an effort to draw attention to the corruption of the Church. C.Repentance has the same power of the pope to forgive sins. D.The sale of indulgences went against the true spirit of Christianity.
您的答案:D 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

14.第 14 题 Luther called on the German princes to reject the foreign pope’s authority and establish a reformed German church in _____________. A.The Liberty of the Christian Man B.Address to the Nobility of the German Nation C.The Babylonian Captivity of the Church D.the Ninety-Five Theses
您的答案:B 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

15.第 15 题 Luther attacked the belief that the sacramental system was the only means to salvation and called for the reform of monasticism in ________________. A.The Liberty of the Christian Man B.Address to the Nobility of the German Nation C.The Babylonian Captivity of the Church D.the Ninety-Five Theses
您的答案:C 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

16.第 16 题 Luther further explained his doctrine of faith and justification in ______________. A.The Liberty of the Christian Man B.Address to the Nobility of the German Nation C.The Babylonian Captivity of the Church D.the Ninety-Five Theses
您的答案:A 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

17.第 17 题 Luther made the first attempt to draw attention to the corruption of the Church in _______. A.The Liberty of the Christian Man B.Address to the Nobility of the German Nation C.The Babylonian Captivity of the Church D.the Ninety-Five Theses
您的答案:D 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

18.第 18 题 The successful spread of Lutheranism in the Holy Roman Empire is due to three of the following facts. Which one is the exception? A.The unstable political situation in the Holy Roman Empire. B.Public discontent caused by high papal taxes on Germans. C.Extreme anger in Germany against the power of the pope. D.Luther' s intention to extend his doctrine of social equality.
您的答案:D 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

19.第 19 题 Like Luther, Calvin ____________ A.believed man, from birth, is predestined by God for salvation or damnation. B.believed that the order and discipline of the early church should be restored.

C.regarded the Bible as the only source of truth and spiritual authority. D.regarded the church as a place to be with God by reading the Bible.
您的答案:C 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

20.第 20 题 Three of the following statements are true with Henry VIII. Which one is the exception? A.He married his brother’s widow against Roman Catholic rules. B.He married his brother’s widow with the Pope' s authorization. C.He was eager to divorce the queen to end the poor marriage. D.He was eager to have a new marriage to bring him a male heir.
您的答案:C 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

21.第 21 题 The reasons for Henry’s reform in England were mainly ________. A.religious B.personal C.political D.both B and C
您的答案:D 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

22.第 22 题 Three of the following statements are true with England after the death of Henry VIII. Which one is the exception? A.The council of regents to rule England was dominated by reformers. B.Edward VI was enthusiastic about reform as Henry VIII had been. C.Edward VI was raised by Protestants rich with Renaissance ideas. D.Mary succeeded Edward VI and began to restore the Catholic

faith.
您的答案:B 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

23.第 23 题 Three of the following statements are true with the Catholic Counter-Reformation. Which one is the exception? A.It was in nature a reaction to Protestantism. B.It was the result of Catholic self-criticism. C.It resulted from the Protestant Reformation. D.It resulted from a Church-wide call for reform.
您的答案:B 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

24.第 24 题 Three of the following statements are true with the Council of Trent. Which one is the exception? A.It was first a religious meeting called to win back the Protestants. B.It condemned the scandals arising from the sale of indulgences. C.It insisted on Catholic tradition as the mere source of authority. D.It marks the beginning of the history of modern Catholic Church.
您的答案:C 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

25.第 25 题 Three of the following statements are true with the Elizabethan Compromise. Which one is the exception? A.The Church of England again rejected the authority of the pope. B.The Church of England began to compromise with the Papacy. C.Elizabeth again condemned Catholic teachings and practices. D.Elizabeth,as a protestant, also forbade extreme Protestantism.
您的答案:B

题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

26.第 26 题 Three of the following statements are true with the Jesuits. Which one is the exception? A.They were highly respected for their learning and the purity of their lives. B.They became the principal university teachers in all European countries. C.They helped to stop the spread of Lutheranism into south Germany. D.They helped to spread Catholicism to the countries beyond Europe.
您的答案:B 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

27.第 47 题 The most immediate effect of the Reformation was ___________________. A.the increase in the power of princes and kings B.the more and more secularized western Europe C.the outburst of fighting among religious groups D.the more emphasis on the value of the individual
您的答案:D 题目分数:4.0 此题得分:0.0

28.第 48 题 Which statement about the “civic humanism” is wrong? A.It was developed by some Florentine scholars during the fifteenth century. B.It believed that virtue could only be obtained by participating in public life. C.It encouraged people to pursue material pleasures and fulfill their desires. D.It was the same with the “Christian Humanism” of Northern Renaissance.
您的答案:D 题目分数:4.0 此题得分:4.0

29.第 49 题 Which is not the similarity shared by Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales and Boccaccio’s Decameron? A.a collection of stories B.satirical and humorous language C.vivid characterization D.religious themes
您的答案:D 题目分数:4.0 此题得分:4.0

30.第 50 题 Three of the following statements are true with Luther's teachings. Which one is the exception? A.A priest of the Church never helps. B.A priest of the Church is only the teacher. C.The truth is only to be found in the Bible. D.Every believer is a priest of his own.
您的答案:D 题目分数:4.0 此题得分:0.0

31.第 51 题 Which description of the Age of Renaissance is correct? A.The Renaissance happened right after the Late Middle Ages in time. B.The Renaissance reached a peak at the end of the sixteenth century. C.The Renaissance began as a literary movement. D.The Renaissance was opposed to humanism.
您的答案:C 题目分数:4.0 此题得分:4.0

32.第 52 题 Which statement about the humanist education during the Renaissance is wrong? A.The goal of education was to produce independent, virtuous and capable men who excelled in many different fields. B.The program of study relied heavily on classical training, but it also contained many other subjects.

C.The Renaissance education enhanced the impact of the humanist ideas on the ruling class and the elite. D.The educational program of the humanists placed a high value on science.
您的答案:C 题目分数:4.0 此题得分:0.0

33.第 53 题 The Italian Renaissance scholars did all the following things except for ____. A.reviving many classical texts forgotten or lost for a long time. B.spreading the knowledge beyond the small circle of scholars. C.refusing to accept religious teaching or read religious works. D.paying more attention to man’s world and life on earth.
您的答案:B 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:0.0

34.第 54 题 Which is not one of the things that the Viscontis, the Sforzas and the Medicis had in common? A.They were wealthy and powerful families in Italy. B.They were rulers of Milan during the Renaissance. C.They ordered the construction of great architectures. D.They were generous patrons of artists and intellectuals.
您的答案:B 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

35.第 55 题 Which of the following Renaissance writers was not known for his sonnets? A.Dante B.Petrarch C.Edmund Spencer D.William Shakespeare
您的答案:B 题目分数:1.0

此题得分:0.0

36.第 56 题 Compared with Italian Renaissance, Northern Renaissance had the following distinctive features except for ______. A.strong national flavor B.great religious concern C.influence of classicism D.belief in Christian humanism
您的答案:B 题目分数:4.0 此题得分:0.0

37.第 57 题 Which of the following statements is NOT true with the text? A.Martin Luther was a German missionary. B.Martin was declared an outlaw in the Empire. C.The Pope condemned Martin Luther’s beliefs. D.The Pope ordered Luther to change his beliefs.
您的答案:D 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

38.第 58 题 Three of the following statements are true with the early experience of Luther. Which one is the exception? A.Luther lived up to his father and became a priest. B.Luther had a horrible experience in a thunderstorm. C.He tried his best to get rid of his sin to satisfy God. D.He damaged his health by eating and sleeping less.
您的答案:A 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

39.第 59 题 Which of the following is true about Luther’s discovery from reading the Bible? A.His own individual faith would guarantee his salvation. B.Saint Peter’s guidance would guarantee his salvation. C.Saint Paul’s instructions would guarantee his salvation. D.Jesus Christ ’s teachings would guarantee his salvation.
您的答案:A

题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

40.第 60 题 Which of the following facts is NOT true with the situation in the Church of Rome before the Reformation? A.The sale of Church offices to wealthy families. B.The sale of indulgences to individual believers. C.Some clegymen held several positions at the same time. D.Clergymen must meet strict moral and educational standards.
您的答案:D 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

41.第 27 题 By the 15th century the Pope had become powerful in both the secular life of the Europeans as well as in their religious life.
您的答案:正确 题目分数:1.0 此题得分:1.0

42.第 28 题 Martin Luther first expressed his idea of reforming the Church by criticizing the sale of indulgences.
您的答案:正确 题目分数:2.0 此题得分:2.0

43.第 29 题 The Holy Roman Emperor Charles V helped the Pope in the movement of Catholic Counter-Reformation.
您的答案:错误 题目分数:2.0 此题得分:2.0

44.第 30 题 All city-states of northern Italy belonged to the Holy Roman Empire during the Renaissance.
您的答案:错误

题目分数:2.0 此题得分:2.0

45.第 31 题 Florence was the major centre of the High Renaissance Art at the early 16th century.
您的答案:错误 题目分数:2.0 此题得分:2.0

46.第 32 题 The Northern Renaissance is the term used to describe the Renaissance in northern Europe, or more broadly in Europe outside Italy.
您的答案:正确 题目分数:2.0 此题得分:2.0

47.第 33 题 During the Renaissance, many Italian scholars began to learn Greek because they wanted to translate Latin works into Greek.
您的答案:错误 题目分数:2.0 此题得分:2.0

48.第 34 题 Marsilio Ficino, the first man to translate Plato’s complete works from Greek into Latin, was known as a Neo-Platonist.
您的答案:正确 题目分数:2.0 此题得分:2.0

49.第 35 题 Christian Humanism helped pave the way for the Protestant Reformation.
您的答案:错误 题目分数:2.0 此题得分:0.0

50.第 36 题

In the Middle Ages, Christians in Western Europe only needed to pay one tenth of their annual income to the Church of Rome.
您的答案:错误 题目分数:2.0 此题得分:2.0

51.第 37 题 To allow a person to buy God’s forgiveness and ransom his way out of hell, the Church developed the sale of indulgences.
您的答案:正确 题目分数:2.0 此题得分:2.0

52.第 38 题 According to Luther, the Bible was the only source of political and religious authority.
您的答案:正确 题目分数:2.0 此题得分:2.0

53.第 39 题 During the Renaissance, all scholars and artists abandoned medieval qualities and embraced modern values over night.
您的答案:错误 题目分数:2.0 此题得分:2.0

54.第 40 题 The Italian Renaissance was largely credited to the economic success in Italy at that time.
您的答案:正确 题目分数:2.0 此题得分:2.0

55.第 41 题 “Middle English” was the national language of the England during the Early Middle Ages.
您的答案:错误 题目分数:2.0 此题得分:2.0

56.第 42 题 Dante was the first Italian writer to compose in his native language rather than in Latin.
您的答案:正确 题目分数:2.0 此题得分:2.0

57.第 43 题 It was only in the 16th century that the Church of Rome’s monopoly began to meet the challenge for religious reform.
您的答案:错误 题目分数:2.0 此题得分:2.0

58.第 44 题 The sales of Church offices led to low religious and personal standards of the clergymen.
您的答案:正确 题目分数:2.0 此题得分:2.0

59.第 45 题 Reading of the Bible and his theological teaching made clearer Luther’s idea about the malpractices of the Church.
您的答案:正确 题目分数:2.0 此题得分:2.0

60.第 46 题 Due to the Protestant Reformation and the Catholic Counter-Reformation, the Church of Rome lost its authority to settle all disputes among Christians.
您的答案:正确 题目分数:2.0 此题得分:2.0

作业总得分:78.0 作业总批注:


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