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深圳市高级中学2015-2016学年第一学期期中测试 高一英语


深圳市高级中学 2015-2016 学年第一学期期中测试

高一英语
命题人:高二英语备课组 审题人:李响

本试卷共 12 页,四大题,满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟。试卷由四部分组成。

注意事项: 1、答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号、考试科目用铅笔涂写在答题卡上。 2、每小题选出答案后,

用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动用橡皮擦干净后,再涂 其它答案,不能答在试题卷上。 3、考试结束,监考人员将答题卡按座位号、页码顺序收回。

第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A
Dear Sir, I have to travel every day from Souk Road to the airport. Two buses travel along their route: the number 49 and number 16. But by the time the number 16 bus reaches Souk Road it is always full, so I can’t get on it. I have to wait for the number 49, because sometimes there are empty seats on it. The timetable says that there are buses from Souk Road to the airport every ten minutes. If this is so, why do I have to wait half an hour for a bus nearly every day? The regulations (规章) say that if there are empty seats on a bus, the bus must stop at every stop where people are waiting. Why do the half-empty buses go straight past me when I am standing at the bus stop? The regulations say that no bus may carry more than 40 seated passengers and 20 standing passengers. Yesterday I was the first to get off the bus when it reached the airport. I counted the other passengers as they got off. There were 129 of them.

It is clear that our bus companies break the regulations and think little of their passengers. Can nothing be done to make your service better? Yours, Tired passenger 1. The writer has to take Bus No. 49 because______. A. it arrives on time C. it travels faster B. it is not always full D. it has fewer seats on it

2. The regulations say that each bus may carry ______ passengers at most. A. 20 B. 40 C. 60 D. 129

3. From the passage we can infer that the writer of the letter is probably ______. A. an airport worker C. a very tired traveler 4. What kind of letter is this passage? A. It’s a letter of thanks C. It’s a letter of introduction B. It’s a letter of apology D. It’s a letter of complaint B. a bus driver D. an English teacher

B
Many people believe Henry Ford invented the automobile. But Henry Ford did not start to build his first car until 1896. That was eleven years after two Germans developed the world's first automobile. Many people believe Henry Ford invented the production line that moved a car's parts to the worker, instead of making the worker move to the parts. That is not true, either. Many factory owners used methods of this kind before Ford. What Henry Ford did was to use other people's ideas and make them better. And he made the whole factory a moving production line. In the early days of the automobile, almost every car maker raced his cars. It was the best way of gaining public notice. Henry Ford decided to build a racing car. Ford's most famous race was his first one. It was also the last race in which he drove the car himself. The race was in 1901, at a field near Detroit. All of the most famous cars had entered, but only two were left: the Winton and Ford. The Winton was famous for its speed. Most people thought the race was over before it began. The Winton took an early lead. But halfway through the race, it began to lose power. Ford started to gain. And near the end of the race, he took the lead. Ford won the race and defeated the Winton. His name appeared in newspapers and he became well-known all over the United States. Within weeks of the race, Henry Ford formed a new automobile company. In 1903, a doctor in Detroit bought the first car from the company. That sale was the

beginning of Henry Ford's dream. Ford said: “I will build a motor car for the great mass of people. It will be large enough for the family, but small enough for one person to operate and care for. It will be built of the best materials. It will be built by the best men to be employed. And it will be built with the simplest plans that modern engineering can produce. It will be so low in price that no man making good money will be unable to own one.” The Model T was a car of that kind. It only cost $850. It was a simple machine that drivers could depend on. Doctors bought the Model T. So did farmers. Even criminals. They considered it the fastest and surest form of transportation. Americans loved the Model T. They wrote stories and songs about it. Thousands of Model T's were built in the first few years. 5. What do we know about Henry Ford from Paragraph 1 ? A. He made good use of ideas from others. B. He produced the first car in the world. C. He knew how to improve auto parts. D. He invented the production line. 6. Why did Henry Ford take part in the 1901 car race? A. To show off his driving skills. B. To draw public attention. C. To learn about new technology. D. To raise money for his new company. 7. What was Henry Ford's dream according to the text? A. Producing cars for average customers. B. Building racing cars of simple design. C. Designing more car models. D. Starting more companies.

C
The average American child spends three to five hours a day watching TV. In 1961, the average child began to watch television at age three; however, today it is nine months. Yet, most parents think that television has bad influence on their children. For example, in the early 1970s, my parents believed that my bad eyesight was the result of sitting too close to the screen, and they therefore made my stay at least six feet from it. Today, most people have no such worry, but many new ridiculous (荒谬的) sayings have appeared: *TV makes kids stupid. Many children watch more educational programs when they are pre-schoolers.

When they grow up, they can read more books and have much better ideas to solve difficult problems than other children. *TV makes kids violent. The real story is not so simple. Hundreds of studies show that watching violence on TV makes children more aggressive (好斗的). But a study of over 5,000 children also finds that some positive programs make children kinder. The problem is that kids are increasingly watching shows with violence instead of those suitable for their age. *Sitting around watching TV makes kids overweight. An experiment finds that when children watch less television, they do lose extra weight; however, reducing their television time does not make them more active. The real problem lies in snacking (吃零食), a widespread habit for kids, and junk-food advertisements. *TV helps kids get to sleep. The opposite is true. The more television children watch, the more likely they are to have irregular sleep and nap (小睡) patterns. Allowing kids to watch television is part of the problem, not the solution. 8. Which one is the advantage of educational TV programs? A. They will make children solve difficult problems better than others. B. they will improve children’s ability to get along with others. C. They are likely to make children more aggressive. D. They will make sure of children’s success in the future. 9. Why are children spending much time watching TV likely to be fat? A. Watching TV makes children lazy and inactive. B. Children are attracted by the food advertisement on TV. C. Watching TV doesn’t burn up as much fat as doing sports. D. Children like to snack while watching TV. 10. What influence does watching TV have on a child’s sleep? A. Children are likely to sleep deeper after watching TV. B. Children’s sleep time will be greatly reduced. C. It will make children form a bad habit of sleeping. D. It will make children sleep easier. 11. What is the purpose of this text? A. To increase people’s knowledge of watching TV. B. To warn parents of the disadvantages of watching TV.

C. To explain the bad influences that watching TV has on children. D. To correct parents’ wrong ideas of television’s effect on children.

D
When I was small and my grandmother died, I couldn’t understand why I had no tears. But that night when my dad tried to cheer me up, my laugh turned into crying. So it came as no surprise to learn that researchers believe crying and laughing come from the same part of the brain. Just as laughing has many health advantages, scientists are discovering that so, too, does crying. Whatever it takes for us to reduce pressure is important to our emotional (情感的) health, and crying seems to work well. One study found that 85 percent of women and 73 percent of men report feeling better after crying. Besides, tears attract help from other people. Researchers agree that when we cry, people around us become kinder and friendly and they are more ready to provide support and comfort. Tears also enable us to understand our emotions better; sometimes we don't even know we're very sad until we cry. We learn about our emotions through crying, and then we can deal with them. Just as crying can be healthy, not crying--- holding back tears of anger, pain or suffering--- can be bad for physical health, Studies have shown that too much control of emotions can lead to high blood pressure, heart problems and some other illnesses. If you have a health problem, doctors will certainly not ask you to cry. But when you feel like crying, don't fight it. It's a natural --- and healthy --- emotional response (反应). 12. Why didn't the author cry when her grandmother died? A. The author doesn’t give the explanation. B. Because she did not love her grandmother. C. Because she was too shy to cry at that time. D. Because her father did not want her to feel too sad. 13. It can be inferred from the text that ______. A. there are two ways to keep healthy B. crying does more good to health than laughing C. emotional health has close connection with physical health D. crying and laughing play the same roles 14. According to the author, which of the following statements is true? A. Crying is the best way to get help from others. B. Fighting back tears may cause some health problems.

C. We will never know our deep feelings unless we cry. D. We must cry if we want to reduce pressure. 15. What might be the most suitable title for the text? A. Power of Tears C. Why We Cry B. How to Keep Healthy D. A New Scientific Discovery

第二节 (共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项, 选项中有两项为多余选 项。
Being a good friend isn’t always easy, but taking the time to develop a lasting friendship is worth the effort. As the years pass, you will realize that each friendship you keep is priceless. ___16__. To be a good friend and deepen a friendship, just follow these steps. Keep your promises. Don’t ever make a promise that you can’t keep. If you say you’ll hang out with a friend and an unexpected situation appears, explain the situation. Give your friend a gift and tell him or her you are sorry. Nobody is perfect, and it’s okay if you break a promise once in a blue moon. ___17__ Apologize when you’ve made a mistake. ___18__ Though your friend won’t be happy that you made a mistake, he or she will be very pleased that you admit it instead of just pretending that nothing is wrong. ___19__ To be truly supportive, you will have to be able to watch out for your friend when he/she is having a hard time. If you feel that your friend is getting into some trouble, help him or her away from the situation by not being afraid to speak up about it. Give your friend some space when he or she needs it. Part of being supportive means supporting the fact that your friend won’t always want to spend time with you. Learn to step back and give your friend space. ___20__ Don’t be jealous (嫉妒的) if your friend has lots of other friends. A. However, don’t make it a regular thing. B. Help your friend deal with his or her struggles. C. Learn to forgive your friend and move forward. D. Of course, to have a good friend, you must be one.

E. If you want your friend to trust you, you can’t act like you’re perfect. F. Understand if your friend wants to be alone or to hang out with other people. G. Take the time to truly understand your friend when he or she is talking to you.

第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完型填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项, 并在答题卡将该选项的标号涂黑。
Tina was afraid of the dark. She always went to bed with the light on. She was afraid that the come and eat her. Her daddy always 22 her closet(壁橱)and under her bed for monsters. 23 coming from her 21 would

One night, Tina was awakened in the middle of the night by some strange window. She opened her eyes and saw a huge 3-eyed monster She was too scared to even The monster was able to 25 26 for help. the window and get in. Tina was 28 27 24

to get into her room through the window.

why her parents didn’t wake 29 ,

up from all the noise. Tina’s heart was

so fast with the monster going straight to her bed. 30

the monster said in a low voice: “Hello there little girl, I hope I didn’t wondering if I can get some “So, you are not here to 31 33

you. My name is Mongus. I was 32 . 34 : “Eat

and cookies.” Tina couldn’t believe her

me?” She asked. Obviously amused, the monster laughed 35

you? No, no. You shouldn’t be scared of me because I am a Please.” Tina got up and went to the the same way he came in. 36

monster. Can I have what I want now?

where she got some milk and cookies. Later, Mongus left the room

In the morning, Tina woke up to her father’s voice, “Little sweet, time for school.” Tina told her father the 37 and how the window got broken. Her father 38 her that the whole thing was just a dream 39

the window wasn’t broken. “So Mongus isn’t coming back?” Tina asked. “It is all up to you honey. You can again.” 21. A. wolf 22. A. hid 23. A. actions 24. A. trying B. monster B. entered B. boys B. agreeing C. enemy C. slept C. noises C. explaining D. bear D. checked D. parents D. begging 40 Mongus anytime you like, all you have to do is dream about him

25. A. hope 26. A. break 27. A. blaming 28. A. beating 29. A. So 30. A. catch 31. A. prizes 32. A. promises 33. A. eat 34. A. unnaturally 35. A. ugly 36. A. shop 37. A. story 38. A. reminded 39. A. when 40. A. hold up

B. shout B. avoid B. considering B. hitting B. Later B. see B. milk B. words B. joke B. loudly B. lively B. kitchen B. lie B. questioned B. if B. hold back

C. wait C. fix C. wondering C. running C. Then C. hurt C. candies C. eyes C. cheat C. weakly C. friendly C. garden C. event C. comforted C. although C. bring up

D. look D. move D. guessing D. jumping D. Meanwhile D. frighten D. surprise D. ears D. kill D. terribly D. lonely D. bedroom D. dream D. informed D. as D. bring back

第二节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的词 或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 41~50 的相应位置上。
Everyone had a childhood. And childhood us laugh. It’s true 42 41 (experience) are often very funny. Children often make

children brighten up a home. They never turn off the lights. 43 many interesting things happened. When I was a 44 a sales

I often recall my childhood, the years

two-year-old child, both my parents were always very busy with their work. My mother worked manager in a company while my father served in 45

army. So I lived with my grandma in a village. I was 46 (send) us a photo of his in a soldier’s uniform,

always waiting for my parents at home. Once my father 47 was posted on the table reminding me of him. Once my mother came to see me and we went soldiers. And when I saw them, I became very 49 48

(shop) together. On the way we saw a group of 50 ,

(excite). I said in a ringing voice pointing to

“This is my father, and this is my father, and that is my father, too!” My mother said she would remember that moment all her life.

第三部分 写作(共一节,满分 10 分) 第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错 误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;[来源:学优高考网] 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Li Ming, To my opinion, when you reach London, the first place you should set out for is Big Ben, where can be heard all over the world on BBC. Big Ben takes its name from Sir Benjamin Hall in 1858, who was responsible for the making of the world-famous clock at that time. It not only has a very big size, but is extreme accurate as well. Official from Greenwich Observatory have the clock check twice a day. On BBC, you can hear a clock when it is striking because microphones are connected to the clock tower. Big Ben has hardly gone wrong up till now. Once, therefore, it failed to give the correct time. A painter who was worked on the tower hung a pot of paint on one of the hands and slowed them down! Yours, Mary

第四部分 基础知识(共四节,满分 40 分) 第一节:单词拼写, 根据句子中给出的单词要求填出正确形式的单词(共 20 小题;每小题 0.5 分,共 10 分):
I、根据首字母和已给出的中文,写出所缺单词的正确形式,每空填一个词。 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. She was d__________ (坚定的) to become a doctor and her persistence paid off. I am trying to p________(劝说) him to give up the attempt. Officials said there were no s________ (幸存者) of the plane crash. After g_________(毕业) from Peking University, he pursued his academic career at Oxford University. Lucy b________(爆发)into tears at the news. The ceremony was being held o________(户外). Opponents were angry, a________(抨击)the government’s plan as foolish.

8. 9.

The shoes were of good design and good q________ (质量). He is s________ (真诚的) and easy to get along with.

10. The d________ (不利条件,弊端)of allowing the students to have a phone on campus are obvious.

II、用括号内所给单词的正确形式填空
11. I am embarrassed by my complete ______ (ignore) of history. 12. As far as I’m ______(concern), you can do whatever you like. 13. He is rewarded in ______ (recognize) of his services. 14. We offered a wide range of goods at very ______ (compete) price. 15. The books looked faded, ______ (dust) and unused. 16. Firemen tried to free the ______ (injure) and put out the fire. 17. Reading ______ (rich) the mind. 18. Her ______ (conquer), William, is a moderate man. 19. He had lost his ______ (identify) card and was being questioned by the police. 20. A teacher should not show ______ (prefer) for any one of his pupils.

第二节:词组,根据句意从所给固定词组中挑选并用正确形式完成句子(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,共 10 分) ahead of schedule; think highly of; come across; a series of; devote oneself to ; dream of; go through; bury oneself in; follow one’s advice; safe and sound
21. They found the lost climber ________ in a cave. 22. Right after dinner, George went into the study and ________ his work. 23. In the modern business world, people always ________ team work spirit. 24. He wanted to be a physicist and ________ research. 25. I ________ a word I’d never seen before. 26. Life is just ________ present moments and the choices we make in those moments. 27. She is generally open to constructive suggestions and I think she would ________. 28. She wrote to one of her friends that she ________ one day owning a house with an art collection like the one she had seen in Italy. 29. Thanks to your help, we accomplished the task ________. 30. We can’t really imagine what they are ________.

第三节:语法单项选择题(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,共 10 分)
31. —Look! Somebody ________ the sofa. —Well, it wasn’t me. I didn’t do it. A.is cleaning B. had cleaned C. has cleaned D. would clean

32. —Bob has gone to California. —Oh, can you tell me when he ________ ? A. has left B. left C. is leaving D. would leave

33. In the last few years thousands of films ________ all over the world. A. have produced C. are producing B. have been produced D. are being produced

34. On her next birthday, Ann ________ married for twenty years. A. is B. has been C. will be D. will have been

35. —I hear you ________ in a pub. What’s it like? —Well, it’s very hard work and I’m always tired, but I don’t mind. A. are working C. were working B. will work D. will be working

36. Between the two parts of the concert is an interval, ________ the audience can buy ice-cream. A. when B. where C. that D. which

37. She showed the visitors around the museum, the construction ________ had taken more than three years. A. for which C. of which B. with which D. to which

38. English is a language shared by several diverse cultures, each of ________ uses it somewhat differently. A. which B. what C. them D. those

39. I walked up to the top of the hill with my friend, ________ we enjoyed a splendid view of the lake. A. which B. where C. who D. that

40. The settlement is home to nearly 1,000 people, many of ________ left their village homes for a better life in the city. A. whom B. which C. them D. those

第四节:翻译,按照给出的汉语和指定短语把下列句子翻译成英文(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分, 共 10 分)
41. 正是他说的话让我失望。 (强调句型) 42. 在会上,他提出我们应该互相帮助的建议。 (come up with ---同位语从句) 43. 他按计划完成了别人没完成的作业。 (on schedule ----定语从句) 44. 他比班上其他同学更关心成绩。 (care about ----比较状语从句) 45. 老师给汤姆一些如何和别人相处的建议。 (get along with)


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