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初中语法专题讲座:宾语从句(课件)


初中语法专题讲座 宾语从句(课件)

制作者: 陈清华

蓬溪县大石桥中学

初中语法专题:宾语从句 【 概 念 】 宾语从句是一种名词性从句,在句 中作及物动词的宾语,或介词的宾语, 或形容词的宾语。 【考点扫描】 初中主要考查以下几个方面: 1. 宾语从句的引导词选择; 2. 宾语从句的语序; 3. 宾语从句的时态。

知识点一:宾语从句的类型和引导词的选用: 根据宾语从句引导词的选用类型不同, 宾语从句分为三类: 类型一:由that引导的宾语从句。 类型二:由疑问词(如 who ) 引导的宾语从句。 类型三:由whether 或if(“是否”)引导的 宾语从句。

类型之一: 由that引导的宾语从句。 that只起引导作用,没有具体含义, 在口语和非正式文体中可以省略。 例如: 1,He said (that) he wanted to stay at home. 2,She doesn’t know (that) she is seriously ill.

类型之二: 由连接代词who, whom, whose, what, which 和连接副词when, where, why, how引导的宾语 从句。这些词都充当成分,有具体含义。 例如: 1)Do you know whom they are waiting for? 2)I can’t understand what you said .

类型之三: 由 whether 或 if引导的宾语从句。 含义都是“是否”的意思。 它们只起引导作用,不充当成分。 例如: 1)I want to know if he lives there. 2)He asked me whether I could help him.

补充: 引导词whether 和 if 的用法区别。 在正式文体中,下列情况不用if , 而要用 whether 来表示 “是否”: 后有or not ; 2).后紧跟不定式; 练习题: 1. Do you know ____ he has come back or not ? A. if B. weather C. whether D. how 2. They have not decided ____ to buy the house. A. if B. weather C. what D. whether.

知识点二. 宾语从句的语序 引导词 + 主谓不倒装结构 (即:从句中的主语在前,谓语动词在后 )。 例如: 1)Can you tell me how I can get to zoo? 2)Please tell me where Tom lives.

语序随堂练习题 1. I want to know ____ the day after tomorrow . A. what will he do B. what he will do C. he will do what D. what does he do 2. Could you please tell me _____ ? A. where do you live B. how old are you C. what does Tom do D. when Kate came here

语序随堂练习题(参考答案) 1. I want to know _B__ the day after tomorrow . A. what will he do B. what he will do C. he will do what D. what does he do 2. Could you please tell me __D___ ? A. where do you live B. how old are you C. what does Tom do D. when Kate came here

知识点三. 宾语从句的时态 时态考点一: 如果主句的时态是一般现在时,宾语 从句根据动词发生的情况确定用什么时态 ( 但不能用过去将来时和过去完成时 )。如: 1.I think (that) Jim is cleaning his room now. 2.I think Tom was here yesterday. 3.I want to know if we will visit the park tomorrow.

时态考点二: 如果主句的时态是一般过去时,宾语从句 只能用相应的过去时态(一般过去时, 过 去进行时, 过去将来时,过去完成时)。 例如: 1.He asked what time it was. 2.He told me that he was preparing for the exam. 3.He asked if you had written to Peter. 4.He said that he would go back to the U.S. soon.

时态考点三: 如果宾语从句所陈述的是客观真理,宾语从句的 时态常用一般现在时。如: 1.Our teacher said that January is the first month of the year. 2.Mr. Li told me yesterday that the earth turns around the sun.

时态考点四: 以would, could 为句首的疑问句是 一种礼貌的用法,并不是表过去时态, 则宾语从句可以用现在有关时态。 例如: Could you tell me where Tom lives ? 你能告诉我Tom住在哪里吗?

随堂练习: 1, Can you tell me ______? A, how old are you B,how old you are 2, I don’t know _____. A.where does Jack live B.where Jack lives 3, He said that he ____ the park . A,will visit B,would visit

知识点四、“翻译题”解题技巧: 宾语从句 疑问词 + to do结构 (即不定式复合结构) 解题技巧分析: 空格多,往往用宾语从句 ( 注意时态 ); 空格少,用不定式复合结构的可能性大。
你能告诉我怎样解答(work out)这道数学题吗? 1) Can you tell me _____ _____ ______ _______ out this maths problem ? 2)Can you tell me ______ _______ _____ out this maths problem ?

随堂练习:翻译填空: 我不知道哪里能买到这种书。 1.I don’t know ____ _____ _____ ______ this kind of book. 2.I don’t know _____ _____ ______ this kind of book.

参考答案 随堂练习: 翻译填空: 我不知道哪里能买到这种书。 1. I don’t know where I can kind of book. 2. I don’t know where to buy of book.

buy this this kind

难点突破: how 和what 的选用 ( 取决于动词是否缺宾语: 缺,用what; 不缺,用how ) 你能告诉我下一步做什么吗? 1, Could you tell me ____ I will do next ? 2, Could you tell me ____ I will do it next ? 3, Could you tell me _____ to do next ? 4, Could you tell me _____ to do it next ? 随堂练习,翻译句子: 我不知道这封信怎么写。 1,I don’t know _____ to write in the letter. 2,I don’t know _____ to write the letter.

巩固练习题一: 选择题 1. He says that _________ . A.he would go to Beijing B.he will go to Beijing 2. I want to know ______ yesterday. A. what did she do B.when she came back 3. He told me that he _______ the next day. A.will clean his room B.would clean his room 4. Miss Green didn’t tell us _______ in 2008. A. where does she live B. Where she lives C. where did she live D. where she lived 5. Would you please tell me ________? A. when did he come home B. where does he play football C. if he had seen the film D. why he didn’t watch the game

巩固练习题一:选择题 ( 参考答案 ):
( B ) 1. He says that _________ . A. he would go to Beijing B. he will go to Beijing ( B ) 2. I want to know ______ yesterday. A. what did she do B. when she came back ( B ) 3. He told me that he _______ the next day. A. will clean his room B. would clean his room ( D ). 4 Miss Green didn’t tell us _______ in 2008. A. where does she live B. Where she lives C. where did she live D. where she lived ( D ) 5. Would you please tell me ________? A. when did he come home B. where does he play football C. if he had seen the film D. why he didn’t watch the game

巩固练习题二:翻译句子
(一),他们还没决定在哪里建(build)新医院。 1,They haven’t decided _____ _____ ____ _____ the new hospital. 2,They haven’t decided ____ _____ _____ the new hospital. (二),他们不知道下一步做什么. 3,They don't know ____ ____ ___ it next . 4,They don’t know ___ ___ ___ __ it next. 5, They don’t know ____ ____ ____ next.

巩固练习题二:翻译句子 ( 参考答案 ) (一),他们还没决定在哪里建(build)新医院。 1.They haven’t decided where they will build the new hospital. 2.They haven’t decided where to build the new hospital. (二),他们不知道下一步做什么. 3.They don't know how to do it next . 4.They don’t know how they will do it next. 5.They don’t know what to do next .

初中语法专题:宾语从句(课件)
制作者:王天武 工作单位:湖南永州市五中

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