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Module 2 Grammar外研社必修一高中英语


Grammar
动名词(v+ing)作宾语

1)常见的直接接动词-ing形式的动词有:
考虑建议盼原谅,承认推迟没得想.
避免错过继续练,否认完成停欣赏.

禁止想象才冒险,不禁介意准逃跑. consider suggest/advise look forward to excuse/pardon fancy(想象,设想) admit delay/put off practise avoid miss keep/keep on deny finish stop enjoy/appreciate forbid imagine risk escape can’t help mind allow/permit

2)常见的直接接动词-ing形式的短语:
feel like, give up, be used to, insist on, lead to, pay attention to, devote…to , stick to, object to, thanks to, thank you for, protect/prevent …from, be worth, succeed in, get down to, have some trouble /difficulty /problems (in)

spend time (in) doing等。

+to do 表示未做,+doing表示做过
remember doing sth.
记得曾经做过某事

remember to do sth.
forget doing sth. forget to do sth. regret doing sth. regret to do sth.

记住要做某事
忘记曾经做过某事 忘记去做某事 后悔做过某事 后悔或遗憾地去做某事

+doing表示做同一件事,
+to do表示去做另一件事

go on doing sth. go on to do sth. stop doing sth. stop to do sth.

继续做某事
继续去做某事

停止做某事
停下来去做某事

+to do 和doing 意思不一样 try doing sth. 试着做某事 try to do sth. 尽力去做某事 mean to do sth. 打算做某事 mean doing sth. 意味着…… can't help (to) do sth. can't help doing sth.
不能帮助做某事 禁不住做某事

+doing,主动表被动
1.need/ want/ require doing Eg. Your hair needs cutting. The floor wants mopping. 2.be worth doing
值得做某事 需要被做……

= need / want / require to be done

Eg. The book is worth reading.

注意: advise/ allow/ permit/ forbid doing sth. 建议/ 允许/ 禁止做某事

advise/ allow/ permit/ forbid sb. to do sth.
建议/ 允许/ 禁止某人做某事

动名词的复合结构:
在句中作主语和宾语,其构成:物主代词(adj.)/ 人称代词(宾格)/名词所有格/普通格 + doing, 注 意物主代词和人称代词可做主语和宾语,名词所 有格和普通格只作宾语。

Eg. His/ Tom’s coming home late worries his mother.

动名词的语态和否定形式

主动语态: doing
被动语态:being done 否定形式:not doing
? 1. ? 2. ? 3.

I can’t stand being treated like that.
I can't stand making a friend with her. I thank you very much for your not telling the secret to others.

Exercise
1. In some parts of London, missing a bus means________ for another hour. A. waiting B. to wait C. wait D. to be waiting 2. He is so busy that he can’t help _____ the classroom. A. cleaning B. to cleaning C. to clean D. cleaned

3. One learns a language by making mistakes and ______ them. A. correct C. corrects B. correcting D. to correct

4. She meant _____ but the look on your face suggested “No”. A. explaining C. explanation B. to explain D. to be explained

5. — I have been knocking at the door,

but no one answers. — Why not ____ at the back door? A. try knocking B. try to knock C. to try knocking D. to try to knock 6. As a young man from a rich family, can you imagine ____ in such a small and dirty place? A. to work B. yourself to work C. working D. work

7. My uncle is considering ______ his heath. A. improve B. to improve C. improving D. to be improved 8. We should keep ________ English every day. A. to practise speaking B. practise speaking C. practising speaking D. practising to speak

9. He got well-prepared for the job

interview, for he couldn’t risk
_______ the good opportunity. A. to lose C. to be lost B. losing D. being lost

10. She was so angry that she felt like ______ something at him. A. to throw C. throwing B. to have thrown D. having thrown

11. Jean did not have time to go to the concert last night because she was busy ______ for her examination. A. to prepare B. to be prepared C. preparing D. being prepared 12. — When did you go to the States? — I remember _____ there when I was 10. A. having taken B. to be taken C. being taken D. to take

13. That you gave him such a book to read meant _____. A. to waste his time B. wasting his time C. being wasted his time D. to be wasted his time

14. Mr. Smith had meant ______ here

the next day, but he changed his mind.
A. leaving C. having left B. being left D. to leave

15. Smith enjoys ______ football on Sunday afternoon, doesn’t he? A. to be playing C. to play B. to playing D. playing


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