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全新版大学英语第一册第六单元答案动画版


BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - - Listening Practice

Here is Martina McBride, an American country-pop music

singer, singing to her Valentine (情人). We hope you'll enjoy
the song. After Listening Write down your answers to the following questions.

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - - Listening Practice 1. What is the song you have just heard mainly about?

[It's mainly about love.]
2. Do you think it appropriate to begin this unit with a love song?

Why or why not?
[Yes. Because the theme of the song is similar to that of the unit.]

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Vocabulary

1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases given below.

Change the form where necessary.

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Vocabulary 1) The former lake bed is now a [fertile] plain producing good

crops of wheat.
2) Aunt Pat's rough, red hands [reflected] a life of hard physical

labor.
[overseas] 3) If you are living [overseas], you may not have to pay tax in your own country. 4) Helen is pretty, of [slim] build, with blue eyes. 5) We [split] the boards down the middle to use them for the

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Vocabulary back of the shelves.

[sustained] 6) Only the hope that the rescuers were getting nearer [sustained]
the trapped miners. 7) The [glow] of the setting sun reddened the stream. 8) The kidnappers (绑架者) [thrust] the boy into the car and drove off. 9) It is common knowledge that dogs have a [keen] sense of smell.

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Vocabulary 10) The unusually cold winter caused many plants to [bud] late

this year.
11) Training is provided, so no [previous] experience is required

for the job.
12) We can go to the seven o'clock performance or the eight — [whichever] suits you best.

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Vocabulary

2. Rewrite each sentence with the word or phrase in

brackets, keeping the same meaning. The first part has been
written for you.

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Vocabulary 1) I strongly dislike the sickly smell of carpets and furniture in

the bedroom. (disgust) [of The sickly smell[of carpets and furniture in the bedroom disgusts
me] me]. 2) Correspondence between Mary and Henry came to an end after the death of her mother. (correspond) [corresponding Mary stopped[corresponding with Henry after the death of her mother] mother]. 3) The most suitable site for a radio transmitter (发射台) is an isolated place far from cities. (best located)

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Vocabulary A radio transmitter[is best located at an isolated place far from [is

cities] cities].
4) The game on TV completely held my attention so that I didn't

hear Martin come in. (absorb)
[was I[was so absorbed in the game on TV that I didn't hear Martin in] come in]. 5) Thanks to the rough surface of the basketball, players are able to keep a firm hold of it. (grip) [players ball] The rough surface of the basketball helps[players grip the ball].

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Vocabulary

3. Complete the following sentences, using the words or

phrases in brackets. Make additions or changes where
necessary.

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Vocabulary 1) During the 1880s, several black colleges were founded in the

U.S. [to broaden] educational opportunities for black students broaden]
and help them [make their way] in the world. (broaden, make their way] one's way) 2) "The food at this hotel [disgusts] me. Why not dine at the restaurant across the street?" "Well, we haven't reserved a table, but we'll [take a chance on] a chance on] its not being full." (take a chance, disgust) 3) About 15,000 artists participated in [the grand] opening grand] ceremony of the Beijing Olympics, which left 91,000 spectators

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Vocabulary from China [and overseas] mesmerized ( 着 迷 ). The event, overseas]

directed by Chinese filmmaker Zhang Yimou, [reflected] China's
rich history and cultural heritage. (overseas, reflect, grand)

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Usage

Fill in each gap in the following sentences with an

appropriate word. In some cases, both words may be used.

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Usage 1. afraid frightened

1) A fire broke out at the school but the teachers were able to lead [frightened] the [frightened] children to safety.
2) Don't be [afraid / frightened] to complain if the service is bad. 2. alike similar 1) Don't worry about which washing machine to buy, they are all similar] [alike / similar]. 2) The twins insist on wearing [similar] clothes. 3. alive living 1) The old man was lucky to be [alive] after such a devastating

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Usage earthquake. [living] 2) He is widely regarded as Australia's greatest [living] poet. 4. asleep sleeping

1) She looked lovingly at the [sleeping] child.
2) I'm surprised to see you awake — ten minutes ago you were [asleep] fast [asleep].

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Word Family

Some words come from the same root, that is, they belong

to the same family. If you get to know well each member of the
family, they will all place themselves at your service. Study the following words. Then use them correctly in the sentences below.

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Word Family 1. disappoint disappointment disappointed disappointing

disappointingly
(1) If you're expecting that Dad will let you borrow his car, [disappointed] you're going to be greatly [disappointed].

(2) She couldn't hide her [disappointment] at not getting the job.
(3) It's [disappointing] that so few attended the concert. (4) I'm sorry to [disappoint] you, but I'm afraid I can't come after all. (5) Emma played rather [disappointingly] in the piano competition and only came third. (6) What a [disappointing] result! She should have done a lot better.

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Word Family

2.

attract

attraction

attractive

unattractive

attractively

unattractively [attractive] (1) The salary they're offering is very [attractive], but I still don't

want the job.
(2) The local government is trying to [attract] high-tech companies to the area. (3) My wife is keen on shopping, but it holds no [attraction] for me. (4) Karen used to wear severe clothing. Surprisingly enough, I found her very [attractively] dressed when I dropped in yesterday.

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Word Family (5) She's got a lovely slim figure, but her face is [unattractively]

long.
(6) Wearing an [unattractive] blouse and old-fashioned skirt, Dorothy

looked older than she was.

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises

1. Complete the following passage with words chosen from

the Words and Phrases to Drill box. Change the form where
necessary.

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises I had no difficulty in [identifying] (1) him, standing there with [gripped] the book [gripped] (2) firmly in one hand. A book had seemed the

[margins] natural choice, as it had been those notes in the [margins] (3) of
another that had brought us together in the first place. He was

right on time, just as we had scheduled. I liked that. It seemed to
fit well with everything I had discovered from [corresponding] (4) with him while he was [overseas] (5). Now here he was in the flesh, looking [more than a little] (6) handsome as he stood there a little] in his uniform. I almost [hesitated] (7) to put him to the test, but it was too late to change my mind and I was [grateful] (8) to the [made way](9) lady for agreeing to help. I [made my my way]past him and didn't wait to see his response to her. So here I am in the

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises restaurant, waiting to see whether I am going to have dinner on

my own or not. Will he end up [going my way] (10) after all?

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises

2. Read the following passage carefully until you have got

its main idea, and then select one appropriate word for each
gap from the box following the passage.

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises (Jenny and Raymond had been lovers before World War II set

them apart. Eight years later Raymond happened to learn that
Jenny was still living alone in London ...) So Raymond found himself unpacking his bag in a London

hotel before he had decided on his approach (接近的途径) to
Jenny. He [first] (1) thought of the telephone, but he knew that wouldn't do. Jenny believed that he was dead. He couldn't just [ring] (2) up and say he wasn't. [Nor] (3) could he just ring her doorbell and be standing there on the mat. She would think she was seeing things (眼花了). A hot bath and a change of clothes did not bring any revelations (启示), either. He sat down at the writing desk and

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises began a letter to her — tore it up and began [another] (4) — and

tore that up. He [threw] (5) down the pen and went out into the
early October dusk of London, — [deliberately] (6) avoiding the address where Jenny was living.

He was unaccustomed to dilemmas (两难境界) like this which
could not be [reasoned] (7) out in a decent length of time, and he was getting angry with [himself] (8). Moodily he turned into a cheerful-looking [restaurant] (9) and had a lonely meal, aware that he might have Jenny's happy face across the table — he was wasting time — but after so many years, did a few more hours [matter] (10)?

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises

3. Translate the following sentences into English, using the

words or phrases in brackets.

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises 1) 我上大学之前,祖父对我说的那几句充满智慧的话给我留下

深刻印象。(wisdom)
[Before I went off to university, my grandfather gave me a few words of wisdom which impressed me deeply.] 2) 千 万 别 把 我 的 伤 势 告 诉 我 父 母 , 我 会 很 感 激 你 的 。 (be grateful to sb. for sth.) [Never tell my parents about my injuries and I'll be very grateful to you (for it).] 3) 我们有几个同事在会上提出了改进工作环境的合理建议。 (sensible)

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises [At the meeting some of our colleagues put forward sensible

suggestions about improving our working environment.]
4) 迫于工会的压力,资方(management)同意给工人增加10%

的工资。(in response to)
[The management has / have agreed to grant the workers a 10% pay rise in response to union pressure.] 5) 女主人考虑得很周到,在我们到来之前把房子打扫得干干净 净。(thoughtful) [It was very thoughtful of the hostess to give the house a thorough cleaning before we arrived.]

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises

4. Translate the following passage into English, using the

words and phrases given below.

BOOK 1 - Unit 6 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises 李大伯自己虽然并不富裕,但在别人需要帮助时他从不犹豫。

退休前他通过希望工程(Project Hope)找到两个家境贫穷但渴
望求学的农村孩子的地址。此后他定期给他们寄钱。这两个孩 子后来都考上了大学,还获得了海外留学的机会。

[

Not rich himself, Uncle Li never hesitates to help others.

Previous to / Before his retirement, through Project Hope he located the addresses of two country kids who grew up in poor families but had a keen desire to study. From then on he sent them money regularly. Later the two made their way to college, and even got a chance to study overseas.]


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