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电子信息专业英语试卷1


电子信息专业英语期末考试试卷(一)
(考试时间 120 分钟,满分 100 分) 8. 9.
座号:

frequency electromotive force (emf)

10. Electronics 题 一 号 得 二 三 四 五 12. electron 13. Diode 14. Transistor 15. Circuit


总分

11. Electricity

考场:




16. Vacuum
要 不

得 分

评卷 一、词汇测试题(共 25 道题,每小题 1 分,总计 25 人 分)

17. semiconductor 18. silicon 19. chip 20. microminiaturization

考号:



线





(一).Translate the following words and expressions into Chinese(写 出下列词组的汉语意思。)(共 25 分,每题 1 分,总计 25 分)
1. 2. resistor capacitor inductor resistance capacitance inductance Dielectric
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21. Microelectronics 22. integrated circuit 23. Negative 24. Positive 25. Cell 得 分 评卷 人

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3. 4. 5. 6.

.

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7.

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(二).Put the following phrases into english. 将下列短语翻译成英文 (共 25 题,每题 1 分,总计 25 分)
1.黑白电视机
座号:

22.比例常数 23.一个二端元件 24.一个闭合回路 25. 事实上 得 分 评卷 人

2.基本原理 3.硅晶体管 4.电子元件 5. 锗晶体管

考场:

6. 真空二极管


(三)填空题 Choose one word from the word list below

to fill in the

7. 信息时代


blank in each of the following sentences. Change the form of the word where necessary: (共 8 道题,每题 1 分,总计 8 分)
resistors nonlinear electricity electrical capacitance resistance inductor capacitor

8. 单片


9.电源


10.负极


11.正极
考号: 线

12.干电池


13.串联


1. Capacitor’s basic function is to store _____ energy. 2. A _____ is a device designed to have capacitance. 3. The property of a capacitor to oppose any change in voltage across that capacitor is called ______. 4. Resistors used for special applications are ______. 5. Ohm is used as a unit of ______. 6. Some _____ are made to have a variable resistance. 7. The larger is the emf, the more ______ the capacitor stores. 8. Any _____ is made of wire having resistance.
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14.并联 15.电压降 16.固定电阻
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17.电阻值 18.电场 19.容抗 20. 对电流的阻力

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21. 非线性电阻

得 分

评卷 人

C. integrated circuit

D. vacuum diode are four

7. Power supply, the conductor, the control device and ______ basic parts of an electric circuit.

座号:

( 四 ) 单 项 选 择 题 Choose the one that best completes each of the following statements according to the text: (共 12 题,每题 1 分,共 12 分)
1. Electronics is a part of _______.

A. battery C. switch

B. wire D. load

8. The energy conversion can take place _______. A. in the circuit C. within the load B. in a cell D. along the wire

考场:

A. electrons


B. technology D. science

C. electricity
答 要

9. Electric circuit is a combination of a conductor and of a source of e.m.f. which permits electrons to flow along a ______. A. stream C. terminal B. wire D. pathway

2. The field of electronics includes _____. A. transistor C. integrated circuit B. electron tube D. All above





考号:

线

3. Thomas Edison invented ______ in 1883. A. vacuum tube C. triode B. diode D. lamp

10. The electrons move in a fixed way in a _____ direction. A. definite C. various B. different D. appropriate





4. The first transistors were made from ______. A. silicon C. copper
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11. The electric current flows from ______ to ______. A. negative , positive C. minus, plus B. positive, negative D. A and C

B. germanium D. gold

5. ______ created a new future in electronics. A. Integrated circuit C. Electron tube B. Semiconductor D. Computer

12. When the current flows, it is a ______ circuit. A. closed C. combination B. open D. electric

6. Due to the invention of ______, microelectronics was created in 1950s.
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A. electron tube

B. transistor
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得 分

评卷 人

4. Between its terminals it exhibits a voltage drop which is directly proportional to the current passing through it.

座号:

(五)翻译题(共 10 题,每题 2 分,总计 20 分)
1. Each lamp filament representing an independent path from the minus main wire to the plus wire. 5. Such circuits make it possible to combine the different voltage

考场:

characteristic


of

a

series

circuit

with

the

different

current

characteristic of a parallel circuit within a single network.
要 不 答



2. Silicon transistors began to replace germanium transistors in the late 1950s, which made possible the next revolutionary step in electronics. 6. Jack Kilby, an American scientist, made the first single IC in the late

考号:



线

1950s, which laid foundation of microminiaturization and integration.


3. Electronics began in 1883, when Thomas Edison discovered the vacuum diode
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as part of his research on materials for a practical electric light.

7. Digital computers are essentially machines for recording numbers, operating with numbers and giving the result in numerical forms.

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8. Integrated circuits are more of a science, than of a technology.

The control unit is responsible for directing and coordinating most of the computer systems activities. It determines the movement of electronic signals between main memory and the arithmetic/logic unit, as well as the

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9. Bandwidth of transistor amplifiers vary from about 250 MHz in the L band to 1000 MHz in the X band.

control signals between the CPU and input/output devices. The ALU performs all the arithmetic and logical (comparison) functions — that is, it adds, subtracts, multiplies, divides, and does comparisons. These comparisons, which are basically “less than”, “greater than”, and

考场:

10. The main device failure mode is secondary breakdown。


“equal to”, can be combined into several common expressions, such as “greater than or equal to”. The objective of most instructions that use



comparisons is to determine which instruction should be executed next.
不 要

(六)阅读理解(共 2 题,每题 5 分,共 10 分)


Tell whether the following statements are true(T) or false(F) according to the passage A.(根据上文的内容判断下列句子的正误。,每题 1 分,共 5 分) 1.With the development of computer, the physical size of the CPU has often become bigger and bigger. ( )

1 passage A
考号: 线

The central processing unit (CPU) is the heart of the computer


systems. Among other things, its configuration determines whether a


computer is fast or slow in relation to other computers. The CPU is the most complex computer system component, responsible for directing most of the computer system activities based on the instructions provided. As one
班级:

2.The movement of electronic signals between main memory and the ALU as well as the control signal between the CPU and input /output devices are controlle d by the control unit of the CPU. ( ) )

computer generation has evolved to the next, the physical size of the CPU has often become smaller and smaller, while its speed and capacity have increased tremendously. Indeed, these changes have resulted in

3.The CPU comprises the control unit and memory. (

4.The control unit performs all the arithmetic and logical (comparison) functions. ( )

microcomputers that are small enough to fit on your desk or your lap.
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5.The central processing unit (CPU) is the heart of the computer systems. ( )
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The CPU comprises the control unit and the arithmetic / logic unit (ALU).
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Passage B In order to solve a computational problem, its solution must be specified in terms of a sequence of computational steps, each of which may
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Repeat the whole process until the program is finished. Choose the best answer according to the Passage B.(根据上文的内容选择正 确的答案。每题 1 分,共 5 分) 6.If you want to solve the computational problem with a computer, you should learn how to( A. calculate ). B. program C. add D. subtract

be performed by a human or a digital computer . If you want to solve the computational problem with a computer, you should learn how to program. The task of developing programs for the solution of computational problems is referred to as programming. Computer programming is the process of planning

7. Computer programming is the process of planning and creating a sequence of ( ) for a computer to follow. B. process C. lines ) D. person D. graphics .

考场:

and creating a sequence of steps for a computer to follow. In general, this


process will help us resolve a problem, which is either too tedious or


A. steps

difficult to work out otherwise . So programming is breaking a task down


8.The term coder is used to describe ( A. machine B. computer

into small steps.


C. keyboard

Programming is sometimes contrasted with coding. Coding generally


9. In order to solve a computational problem, you can let a person or a ( ) to do it. A. machine B. computer C. keyboard D. mouse )

refers to the writing of programs for given program specification, while
考号: 线

programming includes the task of preparing the program specification as well


as that of writing the program. The text of a program is sometimes referred


10. Which of the following is not the stages of programming? ( A. Write a program. B. Debug the program.

to as code, and lines of program text are referred to as lines of code, especially in the case of machine-language programs. The term coder is used to describe a person engaged exclusively in implementing program
班级:

C. Print the program. D. Compile the program.

specifications prepared by others. What's actually involved in programming - the actual process of writing programs? Here's a quick overview of the process: · Write a program. · Compile the program. · Run the

姓名:

program.

· Debug the program.
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