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从三个诗学命题看苏东坡文论的佛教背景


第 35卷第6 期 西 华 大 学 学 报 ( 哲 学 社 会 科 学 版 ) Vol.35,No.6 ■蜀学研堯■ 2016年 1 1 月 Journal of Xihua University (Philosophy & Social Sciences) Nov.2016 从三个诗学命题看苏东坡文论的佛教背景 ( 北京体育大学国际教育学院北京1〇〇〇84) 摘 要 :从 苏 栻 “ 诗以奇趣为宗, 反常合道为趣” “ 随物赋形” “ 物无陋者” 这三个诗学命题可以看出, 苏栻的文 艺 思 想 具 有 深 厚 的 佛 教 背 景 。佛 教 的 基 本 观 念 、 认识论, 尤其是禅的本质、 不可言说性、 判断标准、 认知和观照方式 以及佛经中对丑怪事象的描写乃至佛教的绘画、 造像艺术等多个方面都对苏东坡的诗学理论产生了深远的影响。 佛教思想的影响是苏栻诗学观既深刻而又极具个性色彩的重要原因之一。 关键词: 苏 栻 ;诗 学 ;佛 教 思 想 中图分类号 =1206.2 文献标志码: A 文章编号 =1672 -8505(2016)06 -0009 -0 7 On the Buddhism Influence on Su Shi?s Literary Criticism Seen in His Three Poetic Propositions { School of International Education, Beijing Sport University, Beijing, 100084, China) A b s t r a c t Poem ’ s essence being for interest and interest being unusual butreasonable5, a shaping up according to anything encountered” , and “ anything being poetic” are the three poetic propositions of Su Shi, from which we can conclude that Su Shi, s literary thought is deeply influenced by Buddhism. Many things in Buddhism have exerted far-reaching influence on Su Shi, s poetic theory, including the basic concept and the Buddhist epistemology, especially the essence of Zen, ineffability, evaluation standard, and cognitive perspective, and other aspects such as the ugly and strange description in Buddhist works and Buddhist paintings, sculptures, etc. The influence of Buddhism is one of the important reasons for Su Shi, s profound and unique poetics. Key words :Su Shi ;poetics ;thoughts of Buddhis

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