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2008福建省普通高中学生学业基础会考 英语学科考试大纲


2008 福 建 省 普 通 高 中 学 生 学 业 基 础 会 考 英语学科考试大纲 (试 行)
一、命题依据 依据教育部颁布的《普通高中英语课程标准(实验) 》七级要求,福建省教 育厅颁布的《福建省普通高中新课程英语学科教学实施指导意见(试行) 》 、 《福 建省普通高中学生学业基础会考方案(试行) 》和《2008 年福建省普通高中学生 学业基础会考英语学科考试大纲 (试行) 》 ,并结合我省普通高中教学实际情况进 行命题。 二.命题原则 1.导向性原则。面向全体学生,有利于促进学生全面、和谐、健康的发展, 有利于中学实施素质教育, 体现英语学科新课程理念,充分发挥基础会考对普通 高中英语学科教学的正确导向作用。 2.基础性原则。严格按教育部颁发的《普通高中英语课程标准(实验) 》七 级要求所规定的基本内容和基本要求命题。考试将注重英语基础知识的考核,重 视学生听、说、读、写英语基本能力的考核;检测学生业已形成的学习策略和思 维能力,检测学生对英语国家文化的理解。试题难易适当,不出偏题和怪题。 3.科学性原则。试题所选择的语言素材和创设的语言运用情景要充分考虑 各地学生的生活实际、生活经验,要尽可能避免因学生的生活经历的差异而影响 试题的公正性、科学性和合理性。 4.时代性原则。阅读文章和书面表达的选题应贴近学生实际、尽量使用真 实、地道、典型的英语素材,体现时代感。 三、考试目标要求 学生学习完 1~5 必修模块后, 达到七级的目标要求。 七级的语言知识和语言 技能的目标要求如下: 1.语言知识 词汇 1)理解话语中词汇表达的不同功能、意图和态度等; 2)运用词汇给事物命名、进行指称、描述行为和特征、说明概念等; 3)学会使用 2400—2500 个单词和 300—400 个习惯用语或固定搭配; 4)了解英语单词的词义变化以及日常生活中新出现的词汇。

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语法 1)掌握描述时间、地点和方位的常用表达方式; 2)理解并掌握比较人、物体及事物的常用表达方式; 3)使用适当的语言形式描述事物,简单地表达观点、态度或情感等; 4)掌握语篇中基本的衔接和连续手段,并根据特定目的有效地组织信息。 功能 1)了解日常交际功能的主要语言表达形式; 2)在语境中恰当地理解和表达问候、告别、感谢或介绍等交际功能; 3)在日常人际交往中有效地使用得体的语言进行表达,如发表意见或进行 判断等; 4)运用已学过的功能项目有效地表达情感、意图和态度。 话题 1)熟悉个人、家庭和社会交往等方面的话题; 2)进一步熟悉有关日常生活、兴趣爱好、风俗习惯和科学文化方面的话题; 3)熟悉我国一般社会生活的话题,如职业、节日、风俗和社交礼仪等; 4)了解英语国家有关日常生活习惯的话题。 2.语言技能 听 1)能识别语段中的重要信息并进行简单的推断; 2)能听懂正常语速听力材料中对人和物的描写、情节发展及结果; 3)能听懂有关熟悉话题的谈话并能抓住要点; 4)能听懂一般场合的信息广播,如天气预报。 读 1)能从一般性文章中获取和处理主要信息; 2)能理解文章主旨和作者意图; 3)能通过上下文克服生词困难,理解语篇意义; 4)能通过文章中的线索进行推理; 5)能阅读适合高中生的英语报刊或杂志。 写 1)能用文字及图表提供信息并进行简单描述; 2)能写出常见体裁的应用文,如信函和一般通知等; 3)能描述人物或事件,并进行简单的评论; 4)能填写有关个人情况的表格,如申请表等。

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四、考试内容 Ⅰ.词类 1.名词 1)可数名词和不可数名词; 2)名词的复数形式; 3)专有名词; 4)名词所有格。 2.代词 1)人称代词; 2)物主代词; 3)反身代词; 4)指示代词; 5)不定代词; 6)疑问代词; 7)关系代词。 3.数词 1)基数词; 2)序数词。 4.介词 1)“词汇表”中所列介词的用法; 2)“词汇表”中所列介词短语的用法。 5.连词 1)“词汇表”中所列连词的基本用法; 2)辨别并列连词和从属连词的用法。 6.形容词 1)作定语、表语和宾语补足语的用法; 2)比较等级:原级、比较级和最高级的构成及其基本用法。 7.副词 1)时间、地点、方式、程度、疑问、连接、关系等副词的用法; 2)比较等级:原级、比较级和最高级的构成及其基本用法。 8.冠词的一般用法 1)a(n)和 the 的基本用法; 2)a(n)和 the 常见的习惯用法。 9.动词

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1)动词的基本形式:原形、过去式、过去分词以及-ing 形式; 2)及物动词和不及物动词的基本用法; 3)常用的连系动词,如:be,get,look,seem,become,turn,grow 等的 基本用法; 4)助动词 be,do,have,shall,will 等的基本用法; 5)情态动词 can,may,must,ought to,need,dare 等的基本用法; 6)动词的时态:a. 一般现在时;b. 一般过去时;c. 一般将来时;d. 现在 进行时;e. 过去进行时;f. 现在完成时;g. 过去完成时*;h. 过去将来时*;i. 将 来进行时*;j. 现在完成进行时*。 7) 动词的被动语态: a. 一般现在时的被动语态; b. 一般过去时的被动语态; c. 一般将来时的被动语态;d. 进行时的被动语态;e. 完成时的被动语态;f. 带 情态动词的被动语态。 8)动词的不定式:a. 作主语、宾语、宾语补足语、表语、定语、状语的基 本用法;b. 用在 how,when,where,what,which,whether 等后面的用法; 9)动词的过去分词:作宾语、表语、宾语补足语、状语的基本用法; 10)动词的-ing 形式:作主语、宾语、表语、宾语补足语、定语、状语的基 本用法。 Ⅱ. 句子 1.句子的种类 1)陈述句(肯定式和否定式) ; 2)疑问句(一般疑问句、特殊疑问句、选择疑问句、反意疑问句) ; 3)祈使句及其否定形式; 4)感叹句。 2.句子的成分(主语、谓语、表语、宾语、直接宾语和间接宾语、宾语补 足语、定语、状语) 3.主谓的一致关系 4.简单句的五种基本句型 1)主语+连系动词+表语(S+V+P) ; 2)主语+不及物动词(S+V) ; 3)主语+及物动词+宾语(S+V+O) ; 4)主语+及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语(S+V+IO+DO) ; 5)主语+及物动词+宾语+宾语补足语(S+V+O+C) 。 5.并列句(and,or,but,so,when,while 等引导的并列句) 6.复合句

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1)名词性从句(主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句、同位语从句) ; 2)定语从句:a. who,which,that,when,where 等引导的定语从句;b. 限 定性定语从句和非限定性定语从句的区别; 3)状语从句(时间状语从句、地点状语从句、原因状语从句、条件状语从 句、比较状语从句、让步状语从句、目的状语从句、结果状语从句) 。 7.直接引语和间接引语 8.倒装句* 9.省略句* 10.强调句* 11.虚拟语气* 注:标*号的项目,七级只要求理解。 Ⅲ. 构词法 1. 合成法:blackboard,man-made,overthrow,however,everyone 等。 2. 转化法: hand(n.)→hand(v.) , break(v.)→break(n.) , empty(adj.)→empty(v.) 等。 3. 派生法 1)加前缀:dis-,in-,re-,un-,non-等; 2)加后缀:-able,-al,-an,-ful,-ive,-er,-ese, -ist,-ment, -ness,-tion, -fy,-ian,-ing,-is(z)e,-ly,-teen,-ty,-th,-y 等。 4. 缩写和简写 五、考试形式 1.答卷方式:闭卷、笔试。 2.考试时间:90 分钟。试卷满分 100 分。 六、试卷结构 试卷结构 第一部分: 听力 第二部分: 英语知识运用 第三部分: 阅读理解 第四部分: 写作 合 计 节 一、听短对话 二、听长对话 一、选择填空 二、完形填空 一、判断题 二、选择题 一、单词拼写 二、短文写作 题量 5 5 10 15 5 10 10 1 60+1
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赋分 主、客观试题 赋分 时间 (分钟) 10 10 10 15 10 20 10 15 100 客观性试题 客观性试题 客观性试题 客观性试题 客观性试题 客观性试题 主观性试题 主观性试题 100 90 25 30 30 25 25 20 15 20

1.题型:试卷一般可包括选择题、正误判断题、单词拼写、书面表达等题 型。 2.试题难易比例:试卷包括容易题、中等题和难题,以中等题为主,三类 试题比例为 8:1:1。 容易题,难度值:0.80 以上,约占 80%;中等难度题,难度值:0.60—0.80, 约占 10%; 较难题, 难度值: 0.40—0.60, 约占 10%; 全卷难度值: 0.80—0.85。 七、题型示例 Ⅰ.选择题 ㈠ 考查听力 M: Could you tell me how to take the medicine? W: Certainly. Take one of these white pills twice a day after meals. 1. How many pills should the man take a day? A. 1. some delay. (Flight 629 for Los Angeles is now boarding at Gate 14.) W: That’s our flight. Where did I put my boarding pass? M: It’s right there in your pocket. Don’t worry. W: What’s the idea with these seat belts? M: You’re supposed to fasten yourself firmly to your seat in case there’s an accident. If you don’t, you might hit the seat in front of you and get hurt. W: And if the plane catches fire, I won’t be able to get out, either. M: Nothing like that has ever happened. W: I see. M: We are taking off now. We’re leaving the ground. We’re in the air. Look down below and you can see what New York looks like from the air. 1. When is the speaker ’s flight supposed to take off? A. At 2:20. A. Chicago. B. At 2:10. B. New York. C. At 2:00. C. Los Angeles. 2. Which city are they leaving for? ㈡ 考查语法和词汇知识 1. — How did you find the lecture? — Wonderful. In his lecture the way he suggested ______ his oral English helped the students a lot.
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B. 2.

C. 3.

M: Our plane is supposed to leave at 2:10 and it’s already 2:20. There seems to be

A. improving

B. improved

C. to improve

D. improve

2. It was in Atlanta ______ nearly half the population were black ______ one of the great leaders of the Civil Rights Movement, Dr Martin Luther King, Jr. was born. A. that, that A. end keep fit and energetic. A. come out ㈢ 完形填空题 A few years ago, when my mother was visiting, she asked me to go shopping with her because she needed a new dress. I don’t other people. And I’m not a tried on dress after dress, mother grew 5 . 6 8 dress. Standing in , to tie the bow at 7 as she tried, with great 4 2 1 like to go shopping with 3 , and my mother person, but we set off for the mall together. them all. As the day wore on, I grew tired and my B. figure out C put out D. work out B. that, where B. ending C. where, that C. ended D. where, where D. to end 3. The efforts Dr Martin Luther King, Jr. made ______ segregation were not in vain. 4. More and more high wage earners ______ regularly at the local gym every day to

We visited nearly every store where ladies dresses were

Finally, at our last stop, my mother tried on a lovely the dressing room with her, I she couldn’t do it. turned away to 10

the neckline. Her hands were so badly crippled (伤残的) from arthritis (关节炎) that 9 , my impatience gave away to a wave of pity for her. I my tears and then I turned back to 11 the bow for her. 12 ,

The blue dress was beautiful, and she bought it. Our shopping trip was over. the event was left in my memory. The 13 of my mother’s hands trying to tie that bow kept 15 14

to my

mind for the rest of the day. Those loving hands had fed me, dressed me and comforted me, and now 1. A. regularly 2. A. careful 3. A. sold 4. A. appreciating 5. A. excited 6. A. green 7. A. looked 8. A. strength my heart in the most remarkable manner. C. certainly C. cheerful C. offered C. rejecting C. scared C. blue C. realized C. content D. possibly D. patient D. stored D. choosing D. discouraged D. black D. found D. anger B. normally B. helpful B. exhibited B. examining B. confused B. gray B. watched B. difficulty

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9. A. Immediately 10. A. keep 11. A. buy 12. A. Thus 13. A. state 14. A. appearing 15. A. touched ㈣ 考查阅读理解

B. Luckily B. limit B. tie B. Meanwhile B. scene B. existing B. impressed

C. Actually C. hide C. arrange C. However C. time C. returning C. blamed

D. Cheerfully D. bring D. mend D. Anyhow D. sign D. running D. punished

Walk through the Amazon rainforest today and you will find it is steamy, warm, damp and thick. But if you had been around 15,000 years ago, during the last ice age, would it have been the same? For more than 30 years, scientists have been arguing about how rainforests like the Amazon might have reacted (反应) to the cold, dry climates of the ice ages, but until now, no one has reached a satisfying answer. Rainforests like the Amazon are important for mopping up CO2 from the atmosphere and helping to slow global warming. Currently the trees in the Amazon take in around 500 million tones of CO2 each year: equal to the total amount of CO2, giving off in the UK each year. But how will the Amazon react to future climate change? If it gets drier, will it still survive and continue to draw down CO 2? Scientists hope that they will be able to learn in advance how the rainforest will manage in the future by understanding how rainforests reacted to climate change in the past. Unfortunately, getting into the Amazon rainforest and collecting information are very difficult. To study past climate, scientists need to look at fossilized pollen, kept in lake muds. Going back to the last ice age means drilling deep down into lake sediments (沉淀物), which requires specialized equipment and heavy machinery. There are very few roads and paths, or places to land helicopters and aeroplanes. Rivers tend to be the easiest way to enter the forest, but this still leaves vast areas between the rivers completely unsampled (未取样). So far, only a handful of cores have been drilled that go back to the last ice age and none of them provide enough information to prove how the Amazon rainforest reacts to climate change. 1. The underlined phrase “mopping up” in the second paragraph means ______. A. cleaning up B. taking in C. wiping out D. giving out 2. How will the Amazon rainforest react to future climate change? A. It’ll get drier and continue to remove CO2. B. It’ll remain steamy, warm, damp and thick.

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C. It’ll get warmer and then colder and drier. D. There is no exact answer up to present. 3. What’s the main idea of the last paragraph? A. It’s important to drill deep down into lake sediments to collect information. B. It’s impossible to prove how climate changes in the Amazon rainforest. C. It’s hard to collect information to studies of the past climate in the Amazon rainforest. D. It’s necessary to have specialized equipment and machinery to study the past climate. 4. The best title for this passage may probably be ______. A. Studies of the Amazon C. Secrets of the Rainforests Ⅱ.正误判断 Pasta is an Italian word for a large group of food made from wheat flour, cut and formed into various shapes, and eaten after being boiled in water and, usually, combined with a sauce. Spaghetti, macaroni, and noodles are all forms of pasta, but pasta, especially in Italy, can have over five hundred shapes and sizes. One pasta-maker in New York claimed that there must be over a thousand forms of pasta. It is not clear where pasta originated. The usual explanation is that noodles were first made in China over three thousand years ago. When Marco Polo, the Italian traveler, returned to Italy from China in the 1300s, he is said to have returned with the idea for making pasta. According to the story, the Italians took the Chinese idea and developed it into the many forms of pasta we have today. 根据短文内容,判断正误,正确的在括号内写“T”,错误的写“F”。 1. Pasta is a word that means “noodle”. 2. There are at least five hundred shapes of pasta. 3. Pasta must have been invented in Italy. 4. Noodles were first made in China in the 1300s. 5. Marco Polo brought the idea of making paste to Italy. Ⅲ.单词拼写 1. Only 52 students are perfectly __________(愿意)to attend the lecture. 2. The plan to reduce the tax received __________ (广泛的) support throughout the country. B. Climate of the Amazon D. Changes of the Rainforests

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Ⅳ.书面表达题 假设你叫李平, 你所在学校的英语俱乐部将举行一场英语演讲比赛晚会。你 准备邀请你校外籍教师 Mr. Neil 一起参加并担任评委。 [写作内容] 请根据以下海报的内容,给 Mr. Neil 写一封邀请信,信的开头和结尾已给出。 [评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整、连贯。 英 语 演 讲 比 赛 时 间:5 月 22 日晚 7 点 30 分 地 点:学校礼堂 演讲主题:I Have a Dream 演讲选手:各班两名选手 奖励名额:一等奖二名;二等奖四名 参加人员:高二年级全体同学,家长可自愿参加 相信大家会共同度过一个美好的时光 Dear Mr Neil, How is everything? I’m writing to let you know about an English Speech Competition and invite you to join us. … I’m looking forward to your reply. Cheers, Li Ping 八、主要题型答题技巧 1.听力测试答题思路点拨 英语会考的听力测试目的在于考查考生对所听信息的正确理解与反应的能 力,是对考生运用语言能力的一种测试。 1) 熟悉题型 听力测试的主要形式包括单项听力和整体听力两项。单项听力主要考查考 生对语音、数字(时间、日期、价格、号码、编号等) 、字母、句子结构(时态、 语法) 、简单句意的快速反应能力。整体听力主要考查考生对所听语段的整体理 解和把握能力。两者的重点和难度有明显差异,考查的题型主要是选择题。而听 力测试的内容及选材范围涉及日常生活、文化教育、风土人情、传说、时事、人 物、科普知识等。 2) 答题技巧 ① 保持良好的心理状态,养成良好的听音习惯
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要集中精力倾听,沉着应付,不慌不忙,选择答案要有信心;听时要以句子 为单位去听, 不要过分将思维停留在生词或一时忘了的单词上, 而应暂时跳过去, 集中注意力听后面的内容,保持整体理解。 ② 听前预猜 根据所听材料, 利用每题开始前的短暂时间抢读题干与备选项,对所给题目 进行预猜,在短时间内高度集中注意力,调动大脑储存的信息,便于在听的过程 中了解和抓住重点,有的放矢。如根据 A. It’s 1988. B. It’s Friday. 数了。 ③ 捕捉主题 人们在传达信息时,总是围绕一定的主题展开的,因此,在听对话时,把握 对话的主题很重要。 W: Good morning, Uncle Baker. M: Good morning, Ann. W: I want to have a dinner party to celebrate my birthday. Would you come? M: I’d be happy to, Ann. What time? W: Next weekend, on Saturday. M: Saturday, do you say? W: If that’s all right for you. M: I’m afraid I’m busy then. I’ve already had plans. W: How about Sunday? M: I’m sure it will be all right. M: Good, you’d better come around 6:30 or 7:00, then we’ll have time to chat for a while. 本对话的第三句便是他们对话的主题,其余的话题都是针对这一主题而展开 的。 ④ 捕捉信息词,关键词 在听的过程中要注意以下方面的信息词。 如表思路转折的信息词 but, however, yet, although; 表顺序的 first, second, then, next, last, before 等;表原因结果的 because, as, for, now that, so, as a result 等;表强调的 anyway, indeed, in fact 等。 另外在听对话或短文时要注意以下信息,对话双方或短文中人物的身份、关系, 对话的话题、意图、地点以及相关信息。 ⑤ 适当记录,为做题提供线索 由于听力速度较快,有些内容如能做笔记,有利于更好地理解,为选择正确 C. It’s two o’clock. 三个备选项可以预猜该题与时间有关。这样,带着目的去听,心中就有

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答案提供线索。如边听边记对话中的地点、时间、价格、年龄、名字、城市等, 利用一些字母或简单的符号为答题时提供信息,提高答题的准确率。 2.单项选择 高中英语会考单项选择的命题原则和目的是考查学生掌握词汇、习语、句型 和语法的水平以及在简单情景对话中进行信息交流的能力。在复习词汇时,要特 别注意记忆常见的词(如:Sunday, Monday …; January, February…) ,形近义远 的词 (如: affect, effect; effort, offer…) , 近义词、 反义词 (如: voice, noise, sound…; right, wrong…)等。复习习语时,要侧重掌握生活中常用的成语和区别容易混淆 的习语(如:get used to, used to; agree to do sth., agree with sb….) 。学习句型时, 注意在形式上掌握句子的结构,同时还要在内容上弄清其语法概念,避免出现 I have finished my homework last night.这样的错句。由于语法内容比较多,考生在 复习时要特别注意掌握中学课本中所学的语法知识,如:名词、冠词、代词、形 容词、副词、动词、介词、数词、感叹词、连词、句子和构词法等。 单项选择是对考生所学基础知识进行全面、 细致、 客观考查的重要项目之一。 近年来,单项选择从考查单项知识为主,转向考查多项知识为主,尤其突出了语 言交际功能,许多题由对话构成,有鲜明的语言环境。因此,考生必须把所学过 的字词知识、 语法常识在一定的环境下仔细分析、 灵活运用, 才能选出正确答案, 从近几年各类考试对语法的考查来看,动词(包括时态、非谓语动词) 、连词(包 括各类从句)和代词(尤其是不定代词)是考查重点和热点,所占比例较高。因 此,语法复习应有所侧重,把上述重点语法项目,作为语法练习的突破口,通过 反复练习, 力求熟练掌握, 而对于大纲中没有要求运用的语法项目如虚拟语气等 只作一般性了解即可。 该题大部分试题主要集中考查基础知识和用法,难度不会太大,只有个别题 目稍难。一般从以下几个方面来考查考生的基础知识运用的能力。1) 基础语法 知识;2)语法知识的运用能力;3) 词组的搭配和习惯用法;4) 对词义的正确理 解;5) 交际英语的正确应用。 单项填空试题的解题应注意下面几点: 1) 通审整个试题,明确考点;语法结构先行,逻辑推理在后 每道单项选择填空试题都有具体的语言知识点作为考测目标, 目的在于通过 一定语境来考查考生掌握和运用该项语言知识的能力。因此,通读整个试题,细 心审读题干,弄清语境或上下文,在正确判断该题考查的目标,选择正确答案, 这是完成此类试题的关键。切忌一开始见空缺就选择答案,那样只能是欲速则不 达。

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【例 1】 The fire spread through the hotel very quickly but everyone ____ get out. A. had to B. would C. could D. was able to 精析:填入 had to 或 would 句意不通,只能在 could 和 was able to 之间作 选择。表示成功地完成某一具体动作,通常不用 could,而用 was/were able to, managed to, 或 succeeded in + V-ing 来表示,故正确答案应该选 D。在 C 项失误 的考生实际是读懂了题干语句,但问题出现在知识理解上,不知道 was/were able to 与 could 的区别。 2) 上下搜索,找准提示;透过表面现象,理解深层内涵 在通览题干的基础上, 联系所给选项,在整题中搜寻相应的关键词语或相关 提示,以免陷入盲目的联想和烦琐的辨析考证。 【例 2】 Robert is said _____ abroad, but I don’t know what country he studied in. A.to have studied C.to be studying B.to study D.to have been studying

精析:该题考点很明确,即考查考生对 be said to + V 这一语法知识的应用, 把所给 A、B、C、D 四个选项填入题干,句子结构都是对的。但从后面的提示 but I don’t know what country he studied in 中了解他学习结束。 B 项表示“去学习”, C 项表示“正在学”,D 项表示“还在学”,所以只有 A 项是正确的。考生的失误在 于没有弄清楚谓语动词的完成式和非谓语动词的完成式的区别。 谓语动词的完成 式表示谓语发生的时间, 而非谓语动词的完成式强调非谓语动作发生在谓语动词 的动作之前。 3) 比照分析,对症下药 单项选择填空各干扰项都是精心设计的,常遵循下列三点来设干扰项:一是 考生平时学习中常见的错误; 二是考生受本族语干扰易犯的错误;三是根据试题 上下文,估计考生可能会出现的错误。 因此,考生应将试题考查点及每一选项与自己平日常犯易犯错误对照分析, 最终排除干扰,确认正确答案。在考生对所考语言项目掌握得较差时,尤其应注 意使用该方法。 【例 3】Every minute must be made good use of ______ your lessons. A. review B. to review C. reviewing D. revision 精析:该题常误选 C,原因是只注意到了“形” — 介词 of 后跟 V-ing,而没 注意到“意”。该题句意为:必须利用好每一分钟复习功课, “复习功课”应为“利 用好每一分钟”的目的,B 项不定式具有这一作用,故选 B。 4) 撇开“冗余信息”的干扰,分清主次 有的单项填空题题干较长,命题者有时在题干中插入了一些次要的信息,

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用于干扰作答者的思维,分散其注意力,我们把这样的信息叫做“冗余信息”。常 见的有插入语、后置定语、前置状语等。解题时,若不能撇开这样的信息,便理 不清句子的来龙去脉,很容易出错。 【例 4】I usually spend as much time as I can ______ the maths problem. A. prepare B. to prepare C. preparing D. have prepared 精析:该题若不撇开 as much …as I can 这样一个“冗余信息”,便抓不住其主 干 I usually spend time ______ my lesson. 正确选项 C 就选不出来, 甚至有可能误 选 A。 3.完形填空 完形填空的设题, 提供一篇短文, 隔一定字数留出空格, 在空格中编上序号, 短文后按空格的序号,各给出 A、B、C、D 四个答案,考生从中选择一个正确 答案,使短文语法正确、结构完整、意思通顺。 做完形填空题可遵循下列步骤和方法: 1) 通读全文,把握大意。 答题前先将短文快读一遍,领会其大意。忌急于求成,未通览全文即着手逐 句边读边填,会影响连贯的思路和对全文大意的准确理解。 2) 逐句推敲,确定选项。 掌握了文章大意后,即可从头逐句细读、推敲,瞻前顾后,上下联系,根 据所学的语法知识、惯用法和语言知识,充分运用逻辑推理的办法,借助上下文 乃至全文的语境进行比较对照,推理判断,选择正确的答案,有时还可根据语感 选择最佳答案。 3) 重读全文,检查验证。 所有答案选出后,应将短文再认真通读一遍,将答案逐一检查、验证,纠正 因逐步选择而造成的片面性错误,使答案合理得当。检查时要留意语法、语义和 惯用法等方面的准确性,同时应考虑情节内容和逻辑推理等方面的合理性。 近年我省会考完形填空题均较为浅显,短文多是所学课文的改写,考查内容 大多围绕名词、代词、形容词、副词、冠词、介词以及常用的句型和习惯用法等, 难度不大,考查学生推理判断等方面的内容较少。 现以 2006 年会考试题分析如下: 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从每小题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项 中,选出最佳选项。 Martin Luther King, Jr. gave a speech to thousands of black people in the summer of 1963. His world. 36 , “I Have a Dream”, made him 37 all over the

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38

is known to all, Martin Luther King, Jr. was 40 41

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extraordinary man.

He believed that the blacks and the whites should that black people should be treated racial equality 42

hands. He also believed 43 44 45 46

.He was the driving force in the push for

the 1950s and 1960s. To many people, struggle

violence. To him, this was only true in part. He was sure that there were other of fighting by non-violence peaceful actions. All his life he believed that it was and necessary to demand changes in society for equal rights. In this, he set a(n) a black woman to get off the bus because she 47

to the rest of the world. He led a boycott of a bus company. The company had ordered to stand up for a white and 49 she was arrested by the police. For 381 days, black people refused to take the city 48 , which made the government say that the bus company was wrong to 50 racial discrimination. B. Speech B. worried B. Which B. the B. join B. carefully B. when B. missed B. mean B. right B. thing B. permitted B. buses B. divide B. for C. paper C. well C. That C. a C. hold C. equally C. as C. meant C. places C. mistaken C. deed C. refused C. cars C. join C. in D. thought D. famous D. What D. an D. grasp D. hardly D. while D. minded D. ways D. impossible D. example D. promised D. subways D. protect D. with the blacks from the whites. From then on, he led many more peaceful demonstrations 36. A. word 37. A. bad 38. A. As 39. A. 不填 40. A. raise 41. A. easily 42. A. during 43. A. moved 44. A. roads 45. A. wrong 46. A. fact 47. A. allowed 48. A. trains 49. A. separate 50. A. against

精析:36. B。首句已有暗示。37. D。根据常识和句意可知。38. A。此处 As 引导非限制性定语从句,还指其后的主句内容。39. D。据冠词用法可知。40. B。 根据句意可知。41. C。根据句意可知。42. A。根据语法知识可知。43. C。从几 个动词的不同含义可作出判断。44. D。根据句意可知。45. B。根据上下文可做 出判断。46. D。根据常识可推断出。47. C。根据下文可知。48. B。根据上下文 可做出判断。49. A。根据句意可知。50. A。根据句意可知。

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4.阅读理解 根据《普通高中英语课程标准(实验) 》及《会考大纲》的要求,高中英语 会考阅读理解题应考查学生能否在规定的时间内独立阅读难度略低于课文所学 的语言材料。 自我省设立高中会考制度以来,会考命题始终坚持把阅读技能作为 整个试卷的重点考查项目。这一导向完全符合《普通高中英语课程标准(实验) 》 所提出的要求。 阅读材料的选择主要遵循以下几个原则:阅读量不少于 700 个单 词;篇数不少于三篇;题材尽量多样化,包括日常生活故事、人物、社会、文化、 科技及政治经济等;体裁尽量避免单一化。 阅读理解主要考查考生的阅读能力,做好这类考题主要在于“阅读”和“理解” 两个方面, 其中关键在于“理解”。 有些考题只要学生在通读全文中能抓住重点词、 词组或句子就能找出文章中心思想, 也就是在读完一遍后知道一篇文章或一段文 章的确切意思, 只要根据短文中所提供的直接信息就能选择正确答案。这种题目 难度较小,属浅层理解。有些试题则要求借助前后说明,准确了解全文,探寻语 篇意思, 个别试题要求考生还应当能透过语句准确把握文章所给的各种暗示、逻 辑线索,从而进行推理、推断乃至概括全篇主要意思、判断作者态度和意图等。 这类题目属深层理解题,答题时要注意反复推敲。 近几年来,福建省高中会考英语阅读理解题的设计符合《普通高中英语课程 标准(实验) 》和本《会考大纲》所规定的各项要求,选材能够注意多样化,信 息较广,且有较丰富的文化蕴涵,语篇语言难度适中,试题设计基本符合学生现 有认知水平。现以 2005 年会考试卷阅读理解题短文为例: 阅读下面短文, 从短文后每题所给的 A、 B、 C、 D 四个选项中选出最佳选项。 “Dreams may be more important than sleep. We all need to dream,” some scientists say. Dreams take up about 25% of our sleeping time. People have several dreams each night. Dreams are like short films. They are usually in color. Some dreams are like old films. They come to us over and over again. That may be because the dreamer is worrying about something. Dreaming may be a way of trying to find an answer. Some people get new ideas about their work from dreams. They may have been thinking about their work all day. These thoughts can carry over into dreams. Sometimes we wake up with a good feeling from a dream. But often we can’t remember the dream. Dreams can be forgotten very quickly. Too much dreaming can be harmful. The more we sleep, the longer we dream. The mind is hard at work when we dream. That is why we may have a long sleep and still wake up tired.

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56. It may be less important to sleep than to ______. A. think A. very long B. dream B. in color C. work C. about work D. study D. very sad 57. Dreams and films are usually ______. 58. Why do some people often dream about their work? A. Because they are tired in the daytime. B. Because they are not interested in their work. C. Because they may be thinking about their work all day. D. Because they have too much work to do. 59. The main idea of the passage is ______. A. what dreams are C. that dreams are like films 60. Too much dreaming is ______ for us. A. good B. kind C. nice D. bad 精析:这是一篇有关做梦的科普小品文。56. B。本题属一道句意理解题。从 句首“Dreams may be more important than sleep 就可知道 B 为正确答案, 题目只是 换了一种表达形式而已。57. B。本题为细节理解题,要求学生仔细阅读,在理 解关键句子 Dreams are like short films. They are usually in color.的基础上辨析各 个选项的含义,选出正确答案 B。58. C。本题为常识理解题,根据“日有所思, 夜有所梦”的常识,就可判断 C 为正确选项。59. A。本题为主旨大意题,本文讲 的就是“做梦到底是怎么回事”。 因此, 本题答案为 A。 60. D。 本题为直接理解题, 从文章最后一段的首句 “Too much dreaming can be harmful”就可知道 D 为正确 答案。 5.单词拼写 单词拼写题是检测考生拼写基本功的题型。 它要求考生准确拼写出日常生活 中最常用的词汇。 近年来,福建省高中英语会考单词拼写题的设计符合本考纲的基本要求,注 意提供情景,词类分布面也较广 ,检查了考生的拼写能力。 根据下列句子及括号中所给的汉语提示,在句子右边的横线上写出各单词的 正确形式,每一横线限填一词。 66. To do the job, you must have a _____ (学位) in English. 67. Come in and sit down. Make _____ (你自己) at home. 66. ____________ 67. ____________ B. that people like to sleep D. that we always remember dreams.

68. The teacher feels that her students don’t _____(尊重)her. 68. ____________ 精析:本试题中第 66、67、68 这些题目主要考查单词的拼写,这些单词均 不涉及单词形式的变化,因此难度不大。 答案:66.degree 67. yourself 68. respect
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6.书面表达 英语会考书面表达题是测试考生是否具有运用语言知识进行传递信息的交 际能力。 它要求考生根据材料所提供的情景和要求写出一篇书面材料。所写的短 文要求意思连贯、文理通顺、语言准确。因此,考生在写作之前要做好以下几点 准备工作:1) 仔细审题,弄清题义与要求;2)确定短文体裁,明确表达形式; 3) 确定短文的人称和时态基调以及例外情况; 4) 确定所需表达内容的基本句型 及习语。 写作过程中,考生要切记书面表达不是命题作文,不是死扣原文的翻译,而 是按照提示要求,重新组织 100 词左右的短文。 写作时要作到: 1) 切中题意。考生要先吃透材料的中文提示意思,在既不遗漏要点,也不 随意发挥的基础上,对原情景提示做必要的增删,再拟出一个简明的提纲。以 2005 年福建省高中会考书面表达题为例:请以“My English Teacher”为题,用英 语写一篇短文,内容要点如下:a. 我的英语老师三十多岁。b. 她工作努力,上 课生动有趣,但对学生要求很严格,学生都很尊敬她。c. 她待人和蔼、乐于助 人。d. 她常鼓励我努力学习英语,做个对国家、对人民有用的人。e. 在我眼里, 她是一个很了不起的人,我们都很爱她。 根据题意,考生可先拟出如下提纲: a. my English teacher; in her thirties b. work hard; make one’s lessons lively; be strict with sb.; be respected by c. be kind to sb.; be ready to help sb. d. encourage sb. to do sth.; be a useful person to e. in one’s eyes; one of the greatest persons; love sb. 2) 语言准确。书面表达要求把内容写清楚,形式上和语法上没有错误即可。 所以,写作时我们提倡“短、平、快”和“稳、准”的文风。在对有些句子把握不大 的情况下应尽量用简单句, 尽量使用自己熟悉的词汇和句型表达,防止中国式英 语(例:She in her thirties.) ,还要注意扬长避短,灵活处理。表达中若遇到问题, 可采取迂回的办法。以“My English Teacher”为例,可以根据上面所列提纲,写出 下列句子: a. My English teacher is in her thirties. b. She works hard. She always makes her lessons lively. She is very strict with her students. She is loved and respected by us all. c. She is kind to everyone and always ready to help others. d. She often encourages me to study English hard and be a useful person to the

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people and the country. e. In my eyes, she is one of the greatest persons in the world. We love her very much. 3) 文理通顺。在要点明了的基础上,还要注意文章的布局,句子和段落间 的承接、转折,语句通畅,篇章意思连贯。在写该文时,可对以上句子进行连句 成文,同时还要根据要求,不要逐条翻译,并特别注意书写的规范性。 My English teacher My English teacher is a good one and now she is already in her thirties. She is very kind to everyone and always ready to help others. She works hard and always makes her lessons lively. Though she is very strict with the students, my English teacher is loved and respected by us all. She often encourages me to study English hard and be a useful person to the people and the country. In my eyes, she is one of the greatest persons in the world. We love her very much. 九、参考试卷 第一卷(共 75 分) 第一部分 听力(共二节,满分 20 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟 的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What is the woman going to do? A. See the man smile. B. Take the man’s photo. C. Take out the film. 2. What did the man think of the film? A. He found it very moving. B. He found it exciting. C. He didn’t seem to like it. 3. How much has Jack saved? A. 20 yuan. A. In a department store. A. Teacher and student. B. 16 yuan. B. In a clothes factory. B. Waiter and customer.
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C. 4 yuan. C. On a playground. C. Patient and doctor.

4. Where are the two speakers? 5. What’s the relationship between the two speakers?

第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 听下面 2 段对话。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各 个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各个小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话 读两遍。 听第 6 段对话,回答第 6、7 题。 6. What’s wrong with the man? A. He’s a bad cold. B. He’s a bad headache. C. He’s very cold now. 7. What did the woman tell the man to do? A. To go to see the doctor at once. B. To take a good rest and go home soon. C. To drink plenty of water and take a rest. 听第 7 段对话,回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. What time is it now? A. It’s 10: 10 p.m. B. It’s 10: 30 p.m. C. It’s 9: 50 p.m. 9. How long will it take the woman to the railway station? A. Less than fifteen minutes. B. More than fifteen minutes. C. Less than fifty minutes. 10. Why did the man invite the woman to his house? A. They had a tea party. B. They had a dinner party. C. They had a dancing party. 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 25 分) 第一节 单项填空 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 11.— How’s the young man? — ______ A. He’s twenty. B. He’s much better. A. advice possible.” B. ways C. He’s a doctor. C. manners D. He’s David. D. manner 12.Mind your ______; thank your friend when you leave the party. 13. Our English teacher often says in class, “Let’s ______ English as much as

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A. tell A. What a A. or A. sadly; sad A. concern A. on which I had

B. speak B. How a B. so B. sad; sad B. concerning B. on which had I

C. talk C. What C. and C. sad; sadly C. concerned C. where had I

D. say D. How D. but D. sadly; sadly D. to concern D. where I had

14. ______ terrible weather! It has been raining for more than a week. 15. Be quick, ______ you’ll be late for the meeting. 16. They all looked ______ at the master and felt quite ______. 17. We're rather ______ about father's health. 18. He quizzed me about ______been last night. 19. The system in my computer is out of date. It needs ______. A. being taken the place C. taking the place of — ______ A. I don’t believe. C. I believe not so. B. I don’t believe it. D. I believe not. B. taking the place D. to be taken the place

20. — Do you think it’s going to rain over the weekend?

第二节 完形填空 (共 15 小题;每题 1 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出 可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The modern Olympic Games came from one of the great events in Greek history. In 490 BC about 10,000 Greeks fought against the Persian army at a place called Marathon. It is said that the Persians were ten times as 21 as the Greeks. But 23 away from 22 the brave attack of the Greece, the Persians were beaten and 24 in Athens, was ordered to 25

the plain of Marathon. When the Persians had run away, a soldier, the most famous the good news to the city at full speed. 28 the 26 he had fought through the battle and received many wounds, the soldier 27 started off towards the distant city. It was one and a quarter miles gathered 29 for news. He ran and ran 31 33 30 plain of Marathon to the Markplace of Athens, where the elders of Athens had hills and across plains. Slowly 32 of the his lips became dry and his people of Athens hard. But when he thought of the 34

hearing the news, he ran even harder than ever. and saw a soldier staggering toward

The elders of Athens heard a great

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them, “Rejoice! Rejoice! We won!” Then he fell down which the athletes run this same distance. 21. A. little 22. A. in 23. A. take 24. A. player 25. A. carry 26. A. Since 27. A. in time 28. A. from 29. A. looking 30. A. above 31. A. heart 32. A. sadness 33. A. on 34. A. cry 35. A. dead B. few B. with B. made B. runner B. bring B. After B. on time B. to B. waiting B. across B. body B. joy B. in B. noise B. death C. many C. by C. left C. soldier C. take C. When C. at once C. in C. asking C. through C. breathing C. anger C. from C. shout C. dying

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. In honour of this

noble soldier and athlete we have in modern Olympic Games the Marathon race, in D. much D. as D. driven D. officer D. post D. Although D. slowly D. at D. sending D. over D. legs D. surprise D. with D. sound D. died

第三部分 阅读理解 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 第一节 阅读下面短文,根据短文内容,判断句子的正(T)误(F) 。 Harriet Tubman We all know that Harriet Tubman helped many African-Americans escape from slavery through the Underground Railroad. This was a transportation system, but not in the traditional sense. It was an organized effort by people to help slaves from the Southern states get to areas that banned slavery. Harriet, belonging to a farmer in Maryland, married a free black man named John Tubman in 1844. Yet she remained a slave. She decided to escape. In 1849, the farmer who owned her died. Harriet Tubman heard that she was to be sold immediately. She ran to the home of a white woman who had offered to help. This woman told her how to reach another home where she could hide. Harriet Tubman went from place to place this way. Each place was a little closer to the northern states where slavery was illegal. This is how the Underground Railroad operated. Finally, she crossed the border into the northern state of Pennsylvania. But Harriet Tubman did not forget the slaves in Maryland. During the next ten

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years, she led a much expanded Underground Railroad. She traveled back and forth eighteen times and helped threehundred slaves escape. Harriet Tubman found another way to fight slavery after the Civil War began in 1861. She went into the Southern states to spy for the North. She also helped people as a nurse. Harriet Tubman died in 1913. By that time, she was recognized as an American hero. 36. It is well known that Harriet Tubman helped many slaves escape from the South through the Underground Railroad. 37. In 1844 the Southern states were areas that banned slavery. 38. Harriet Tubman was set free soon after she got married. 39. Harriet Tubman hated all the people in Maryland. 40. Harriet Tubman was recognized as an American hero because she had helped free three hundred slaves and spied for the North. 第二节 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A EVENTS Bicycle tour and race A bike tour and race will be held on August 26 and 27 (Sat. & Sun.). At 5:30 a.m., the riders will leave Tian’anmen Square and ride the first 35 kilometers as a training leg. Then the next 55 kilometers leg, from Yanjiao to Jixian, will be the first competitive part of the tour. The riders and their bikes will then be taken from Jixian to Changli. The second racing leg of the tour will be from Changli to the seaside of Nandaihe, covering a distance of 20 kilometers. Saturday night includes the stay at Nandaihe and supper. Sunday morning is free for playing at the seaside. At noon all the people and their bikes will be taken back to Beijing. Cost: 200 yuan Rock climbing The Third National Rock Climbing Competition will be held on August 26-27 at the Huairou Mountain-climbing Training Base. More than 10 teams from Beijing, Wuhan, Dalian, Jilin and other places will take part in it. A Japanese team will give an exhibition climbing. Free for spectators.
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Telephone: 84675027

Time/Date: 9—12 a.m. August 26—27 Telephone: 87143177, 87144850, Wang Zhenghua 41. The main purpose of announcing the above events is to give information about ______. A. visiting teams C. things to do for the weekend A. 35 A. race C. part of the training A. A foreign team takes part in it. B. You can watch it without paying. C. You don’t have to be a sportsman to take part in it. D. The bus trip to the place of competition is free. 45. Which telephone number(s) will you call, if you want to know more about the 3rd National Climbing Competition? A. Both 84675027 and 87143177 C. Either 87143177 or 87144850 B An underwater robot that can hear the calls of whales, and to help ships to avoid them, has just been successfully trialled in the Bahamas. The design relies on a fish-shaped glider that moves freely through the ocean. It can dive down as far as 200 metres below the surface and directs itself by shifting a weight from fore to aft. A microphone attached to the bottom of the glider can pick up calls from all whales, which until now has been difficult to detect. The glider returns periodically to the surface to radio its data back to base, or if that's too far away, it can call a satellite phone and send its information anywhere in the world. "We are entering a new era of underwater sensing," says Jim Theriault of Defence Research and Development Canada, Dartmouth, who ran the trial. "We can put a glider in the Bahamas and monitor it in Nova Scotia." The hope is that naval or other ocean-going operations that use sonar (声纳) will be able to more easily track where whales are, and so avoid using their noisy B. Both 87144850 and 84675027 D. Neither 87143177 nor 87144850 B. 55 B. famous players D. prices to pay for the sports events C. 75 B. practice D. part of the tour D. 110

42. If you take part in the bike tour, you will ride ______ kilometers. 43. The underlined word “leg” in the first passage probably means “______ ”.

44. What is special about the rock climbing competition?

24

equipment when they are close by. There is circumstantial evidence that sonar can upset whales and a number of strandings (搁浅) have been seen shortly after naval sonar operations. "We're trying to lower the potential risk by knowing the animals are there," says Theriault. 46. The shape of the underwater robot is like ______. A. a man B. a fish C. a snake D. a turtle 47. The underwater robot is built to ______. A. help whales move to the Bahamas B. help whales give birth to their young C. help ships avoid whales D. help humans kill more whales 48. To radio its data back to base, the robot has to______. A. dive down as far as 200 meters below the surface B. stay deep in the water C. call a satellite phone D. come to the surface periodically 49. Which of the following statements is FALSE? A. Whales can be disturbed by naval sonar operations. B. Whales can be disturbed by noisy equipment. C. Whales can be disturbed by noisy ocean-going operations. D. Whales’ strandings have nothing to do with naval sonar operations. 50.The best title for this passage is “ ______ ”. A. Whales are in danger C. Robot built to kill on whales B. Whales are difficult to find D. Robot built to spy on whales

第二卷(共 25 分) 第四部分(共二节,满分 25 分) 第一节 单词拼写(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 根据下列句子及汉语注释,写出单词正确的完全形式。 (每空限写一词) 51. ____ (别去理) the child if he misbehaves, and he'll soon stop. 53. What is his ____ (目的) in coming back this time? 54. For him, this will be an ____ (完全) new hobby. 55. He's ____ (疯了) to drive his car so fast.
25

51. __________ 53. __________ 54. __________ 55. __________

52. The ____ (少数人) must often do what the majority decide to do. 52. __________

56. I should ____ (补充) that we are very pleased. 57. ____ (技巧) must be gained by practice. 58. Sandy is a very busy ____ (少年). 59. A ____ (调查表) is a printed form containing a set of questions, as a way of gathering information for a survey. 60. He has a ____ (习惯) of closing his eyes when he tells a story. 第二节 书面表达(共 1 小题,满分 15 分)

56. __________ 57. __________ 58. __________ 59. __________ 60. __________

请你用英文写一篇以 My Favourite Scientist Zhang Heng 为题的短文。要点如 下: curious Zhang Heng 注意: 1.所写短文应包括表格中所提到的要点; 2.词数 100 左右; 3. 地震仪:seismograph,宇宙:universe _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ careful creativity,imagination intelligent,patient

录音材料
第一节 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟 的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话读一遍。 (Text 1)
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M: What are you doing with that camera? W: Smile. I want a picture of you. (Text 2) W: Did you go to the movies last night? M: Yes, I saw “Titanic”. I was deeply moved. (Text 3) W: Have you bought your textbooks, Jack? M: Yes, you gave me twenty Yuan, but I only spent 16 Yuan. (Text 4) W: May I help you? M: Yes, I’d like to try on some sports jackets. I prefer something like the one I’m wearing. (Text 5) W: I can’t sleep well and I eat less and less food recently. M: Let me have a look,… Well, it’s nothing serious. 第二节 听下面 2 段对话。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各 个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各个小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话 读两遍。 听下面一段对话,回答第 6 和第 7 两个小题。现在,你有 10 秒的时间阅读 这两个小题。 W: You don’t look quite well today. What’s wrong with you? M: I have a bad cold. W: I’m sorry to hear that. How did this begin? M: It was very cold two days ago. I didn’t wear enough clothes. W: Drink plenty of water and take a rest. You’ll soon be all right. 听下面一段对话,回答第 8 至第 10 三个小题。现在,你有 15 秒的时间阅读 这三个小题。 W: What’s the time by your watch, David? M: Just a minute. It’s ten to ten by my watch. W: Is it? I had no idea it was so late. I must be going now. M: Can’t you stay a bit longer? W: I’m afraid not. I must catch the ten-thirty train back. M: You’ve got plenty of time yet. The rail station’s very near. It won’t take you more than fifteen minutes to get there. W: Well, I hate to rush at the last minute.
27

M: OK, drop in whenever you like. W: Yes, I’ll do that. Thank you for asking me to dinner. It was a nice dinner party and I’ve enjoyed your cooking. M: I’m glad you enjoyed yourself. Good night. W: Good night.

参考答案
第一部分 1. B 2. A 3. C 第二部分 11.B 12.C 21.C 22.C 33.A 34.C 第三部分 36.T 37.F 38.F 39.F 40.T 41.C 42.D 43.D 44.B 45.C 46.B 47.C 48.D 49.D 50.D 第四部分 51. Ignore 56. add 52. minority 57. Technique 53. purpose 58. teenager 54. entirely 59. questionnaire 55. crazy 60. habit 13.B 14.C 23.D 35.A 24.B 15.A 16.A 17.C 25.A 26.D 27.C 18.D 19.C 28.A 29.B 20.D 30.D 31.C 32.B 4. A 5. C 6. A 7. C 8. C 9. A 10. B

One possible version: My Favourite Scientist Zhang Heng I admire Zhang Heng because he made great contributions to science and society and because he was good at so many different things. Zhang Heng made maps and models of the stars in the sky. By describing and explaining what he had observed, he was able to show how the stars move during the seasons. Zhang Heng was interested in everything around him and loved to think, write and draw pictures of what he saw. It was not always easy to make other people believe new theories. When Zhang Heng first introduced his seismograph, people laughed at him. Fortunately, Zhang Heng didn’t give up. Instead, he went on to make new discoveries and teach us about the universe.

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