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2015-2016高中英语 专项练习2 新人教版选修8


专项练习(二)
Ⅰ.七选五 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 (1) Reasons why people love to play basketball Basketball is so popular that almost every country in the world plays the sport.Almost every person knows how to play the sport.I have seen people playing indoors and outdoors so many times, but it is mostly played outdoors along the streets. __1__ Basketball is very affordable.All you need is a ball and a basketball court.The ball does not cost that much.__2__On the other hand,finding a basketball court is not a problem either.There are lots of schools and communities which open their gates for individuals who want to play the game. __3__If you are unable to use the courts in both public and private schools, there are a lot more social communities that provide them.Some local governments try to set up public sports areas for everyone to enjoy.If you want to play,all you need to do is go to the nearest basketball court available in your community or your local basketball club. Many other sports can be played only by two or four people.In this case you get tired and bored in waiting for your turn.However,basketball enables you to play with five or more friends all at the same time. __4__ There are accessible basketball camps.If you want to learn more about the sport and improve your basketball skills,you can attend basketball camps.__5__These camps provide outstanding tutors who can help you improve your shooting,dribbling,and other basketball abilities. A.Basketball can be played anywhere. B.Basketball provides a whole lot of fun. C.They are available and nearly open for everyone. D.I will explain why people love to play basketball. E.You're able to meet people with similar interests. F.You can have different choices when it comes to the prices. G.In basketball,you can have great chances of playing all the time. 1.________ 2.________ 3.________

4.________ 5.________ 文章大意:这是一篇议论文,主要讲述了为什么那么多人喜欢篮球运动。通过本文,读 者可以知道:打篮球不只是运动,也是一种很好的娱乐方式。它可以锻炼身体,也可以增强 自己的身体协调性,更可以增进伙伴间的友谊。 答案: 1.D 这是一个承上启下的过渡句。上文说那么多人喜欢篮球运动,下面几段集中讲述 那么多人喜欢篮球运动的具体原因,所以该空白处答案应该是选项 D。 2. F 空白处前面的信息“Basketball is very affordable. ”“The ball does not cost that much”与选项 F 中的信息“the prices”一致,所以此处答案为选项 F。 3. A 空白处后面几句话中的关键词“courts”“schools”“communities”, “sports areas”“the nearest basketball court”“basketball club“说明本段主要谈论“打篮 球的场地”,所以选项 A 正确。 4.G 本段主要讲述同时打篮球的人数有很多,这既能避免其他运动项目的不足,又能 让参与该运动的人员不太累地一直在玩。所以此处答案为选项 G。误解分析:本题容易误选 成 A 或 B。这三个选项都谈及打篮球有利因素,学生可能会造成错解。 5.C 空白处前后的信息“accessible”,“basketball camps”和“These camps”在 逻辑上与 C 项中的”They”“available and nearly open for everyone”是一致的。 (2) Dear Worried Moms, Chatting online is popular and you can allow your 13?year?old children to chat online.__1__The computer security company,McAfee,offers these safety tips: 1.Position the computer in your main living space and make sure the screen faces outward so there is no secrecy.This is the most valuable thing you can do for your child's health and safety online. 2.__2__Discuss with your child exactly what is OK and what is not OK.The topics may include which chat rooms to visit and what kinds of things to talk about there.Set logical consequences for your child's violating your rules,but don't threaten to ban the Internet forever. 3.Set strict time limits for Internet chat use.Internet addiction is a real thing! 4.Make it clear to your child that people in chat rooms are always strangers, no matter how often they chat to them,and no matter how well they think they know them.While they may be good people,they are still strangers.__3__ 5 . Make sure your child understands that they should never give personal

information online.Their real names,their schools,their phone numbers or where they live should be kept to themselves. 6.__4__This is when they are most vulnerable.Make sure that their chat time occurs when you are around in the house so that you can check in on them regularly. 7.Be sure to require your child that they should behave politely and respectfully at all times while chatting online with strangers or sending emails to friends. 8.Don't panic! No one can harm your child through the Internet as long as your child follows your rules. 9. Take an active interest in your child's activity online. Do not use the Internet as a babysitter!__5__If you don't know how to chat online,ask your child to teach you! A.Work as a team to set your boundaries. B.Require your child to tell you if they get any weird or upsetting messages while chatting. C.Learn to surf the Web and chat online yourself so you can understand what it is that your child is doing. D.However,you should set some restrictions such as finishing homework first. E.Your child should therefore not always believe everything people say in chat rooms. F . Help your child choose his screen name carefully ,which should be gender neutral. G.Do not permit your child to be left alone in cyberspace for long periods of time. 1.________ 2.________ 3.________ 4.________ 5.________ 文章大意: 本文为一封书信,写给那些对自己的孩子能不能上网聊天存有疑问的母

亲们。作者认为可以同意他们上网聊天,但要给他们设置一些规则,同时大人也要给予一定 的监督。 答案: 1.D 上句意为“上网聊天现在很流行,你可以允许你 13 岁的孩子上网聊天”,本句应 是对上句的补充,D 项意为“但是,你应该给他们设置些前提条件,比如要先完成作业”, 符合题意。 2.A 此处为该段主题句,概括本段内容可知,要和孩子一起讨论然后设定一些约束, 如可以进入哪些聊天室,可以谈论哪些话题等,由此可知 A 项正确。 3.E 本段指出要让孩子清楚网上的所有人都是陌生人,从而得出 E 项正确,告诉孩子

不要总是相信聊天室中人们所说的事情。 4.G 本段中的 you are around 与 G 项中的 be left alone 相对应,不要让孩子独自一 人上网很长时间,因为这是他们最容易受到伤害的时候,你要陪在他们身边,时不时地进行 监督。 5.C 本段指出你要对孩子的网上活动进行关注,最后一句意为“如果你不知道怎样上 网聊天的话,让你的孩子教你”,由此可推断出作者建议家长也去学上网聊天冲浪,故 C 项 正确。 (3) How can you turn interests into career ideas? Here are some ideas. Write it down. As in so many situations , writing down your thoughts is a good way to get started.__1__Be specific about what it is you love about something and what your role is in it.Also,think about your personality and how you do things. Work backward. __2__Then figure out what you can do now to get there.Let's say that you want to be a marine biologist.Which classes will you have to take in college? Which of your current classes can help you build skills you'll need? Try a new method. __3__For instance,if you love art,you may be able to choose a topic for a history paper that investigates the connection between the art movements and key political events of a particular time period. __4__ Your counselor(辅导员),principal and teachers can help you figure out how to make the most of high school. Try asking these questions: Does our school offer elective classes that I may be interested in? Are there school clubs related to my interests? If not,how do I start one? Can I take an interest inventory? Try new things. If you're open to stepping outside your comfort zone, you'll find yourself meeting new people,going places you never imagined and discovering skills and talents you didn't think you had.__5__ A.Ask for help. B.Think about the things you love to do. C.Write down your answers and any other thoughts. D.New opportunities can come to you in many ways.

E.Ask yourself what you want to do or be after college. F.A list of your skills and talents may help you discover a career path. G.See if you can approach homework in a way that allows you to explore your interests. 1.________ 2.________ 3.________ 4.________ 5.________ 文章大意:如何使自己的兴趣与爱好和未来要从事的工作联系起来?本文建议我们在高 中阶段要学习自己感兴趣的内容。 答案: 1.B 根据下文中的“Also,think about your personality and how you do things.” 可推知,此处应选择 B 项(想想你喜欢做的事情),以呼应下文。 2.E 下文提到想一想你现在该如何做才能达到这个目标。E 项(问问自己大学毕业后想 要做什么或成为什么)引起对下文的论述。 3.G 本段主旨为:尝试新的方法。G 项(看看是否能用一种能够让你探索自己兴趣的方 法完成作业)与本段主旨相符。 4.A 本空后的下一段主要讲述了通过向辅导员、校长或老师等人求助搞清楚如何充分 利用高中阶段。A 项(请求帮助)符合本段主旨。 5.D 上文提到如果你愿意走出自己的舒适区,你会认识新朋友,去你从未想过的地方, 还能发现你不认为自己具有的才能。D 项(新的机会会以很多方式出现)符合此处语境。 Ⅱ.阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 (1) One part of my job is dealing with homeless families.The very first call I had was from__1__single mother.She was weeping.She told me she had got into a terrible car accident__2__made her lose her job,so she fell behind with her rent.She was being evicted ( 逐 出 ) from her apartment and she and her two children had nowhere__3__(go). After she finished__4__(explain) the situation,she stopped and said,“I'm so sorry! Thank you__5__letting me tell my story.I've tried every shelter and church organization in the area__6__no one listens or cares.” __7__(fortunately),at that time we had no openings for family housing,so I took her number down and told her I'd call her right back.At last,I__8__(find) an opening for a family in a shelter in her area . I immediately called her back ! She was shocked__9__she answered my call.She said,“I never really expected you to call me back.” I gave__10__the good news and she started weeping again.But this time they were tears of happiness and hope.

1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文讲述了我帮助一位无家可归的单身母亲找到了房子的故事。 答案: 1.a a single mother 意思是“一位单身母亲”,表泛指,故用 a。 2.which/that 先行词是 accident,故用 which/that 引导定语从句,并在从句中作主 语。 3.to go 此处用不定式作后置定语。 4.explaining finish doing sth 结束做某事。 5.for 短语 thank sb for doing sth 意为“感谢某人做某事”。 6.but 根据语境可知,空前后为转折关系,故用连词 but。 7 . Unfortunately Unfortunately。 8.found 根据上下文语境可知此处要用一般过去时。 9.when 根据语境可知此处意为:当她接“我”电话时,她很吃惊。 10.her 此处用 her 指代这位单身母亲。 (2) Two seeds lay side by side in the fertile spring soil.The first seed said, “I want to grow! I want to send my roots deep into the soil__1__me,and thrust my sprouts(芽)__2__the earth's crust above me.I want to open my tender buds like banners to announce the__3__(arrive) of spring.I want to feel the warmth of the sun on my face and the blessing of the morning dew (露水)on my petals!” And so she grew.The second seed said,“I am afraid.If I send my roots into the ground below,I don't know what I__4__(come) across in the dark.If I push my way through the hard soil above me,I may damage my delicate sprouts.What if I let my buds open and a snail (蜗牛) tries__5__(eat) them? And__6__I open my blossoms,__7__small child may pull me from the ground.No,it is much__8__(good) for me to wait__9__it is safe.”And so she waited.A hen in the yard scratching around in the early spring ground for food found the waiting seed and immediately ate__10__. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文讲述了两颗种子的故事,以此告诉我们如果我们惧怕冒险和成长,最终 要被生活吞没。 答案: 根据文章接下来的内容可知,此处表示“不幸地”,故用

1.beneath 此处用 beneath,意为“在??下面”,与下文的 above 相对。 2.through through the earth's crust 意思是“穿过地壳”。 3.arrival 根据语境可知此处表示“春天的到来”,故用名词。 4.will come 句意:我不知道在黑暗之中将会遇到什么。此处是对未来的预测,故用 一般将来时。 5.to eat try to do sth“试图做某事”。 6.if if 在此引导条件状语从句。 7.a 此处泛指“某一个小孩”,故用不定冠词 a。 8.better 句中 much 表明此处要用比较级。 9.until until 意为“到??时”,引导时间状语从句。 10.it it 指代前文中的 the waiting seed。 Ⅲ.短文改错 阅读短文,文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删 除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余 的词用斜线(划掉。修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误仅限 1 词;2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 (1) I believe we students should allowed to carry cell phones to school because we face many danger today.Cell phones help us to keep in the touch with our parents and to let them know when they have a problem.Also,if our parents have to change arrangements they had made with us,they can text us or call us.Some teachers complain for some of us using cell phones in class,and most of us don't do this.To solve this,schools can just make a rule about not use cell phones in class.Using cell phones are part of modern life and if we use them sensible,we can carry them to school. 答案: I believe we students should ∧ allowed to carry cell phones to school because be we face many danger today.Cell phones help us to keep in the touch with our parents dangers

and to let them know when they have a problem.Also,if our parents have to change we arrangements they complain had made with us,they can text us or call us.Some teachers have

for some of us using cell phones in class,and most of us don't do this. To about but use cell phones in class.Using using

solve this,schools can just make a rule about not

cell phones are part of modern life and if we use them sensible,we can carry them is sensibly to school. (2) Last weekend we went mountain?climbing.Even the heavy rain in the morning could not prevent us go.Setting off very early,we went along an extreme narrow road, all in high spirits.On every side of the road were green fields and some farm house.We could hear the sound of the rain and our footsteps mixing with our laughter.At noon we reached the top of the mountain.That surprised us most there was the beauty of scenes.After having a short rest there and sharing with the food we had brought, we started going down.It had rained even harder.We were wet to the skin,and we still sang and laughed happily. 答案: Last weekend we went mountain?climbing.Even the heavy rain in the morning could not prevent us go . Setting off very early, we went along an extreme narrow road, going extremely every side of the road were green fields and some farm either/each mixing with our mixed

all in high spirits.On

house . We could hear the sound of the rain and our footsteps houses

laughter.At noon we reached the top of the mountain. That surprised us most there What was the beauty of ∧ scenes.After having a short rest there and sharing with the the food we had brought,we started going down.It had rained even harder.We were wet to the skin, and we still sang and laughed happily. but


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