一、倒装 1. 全部倒装 （1）here, there, now, then, out, in, up, down, away + 谓语+主语（名词，若为代词，不倒装） Up went price, down came the living standard. Down came the order to take off. Here y
ou are.(未倒装) (2) 介词短语（做地点状语）+谓语+主语 Before George stood the policeman who had arrested him three times for drug-taking. 2. 部分倒装 （1）否定词+助动词/情态动词/ be +主语+ 实义动词 No sooner had he returned to school than it began to rain. Not only was Churchill a statesman, but also a poet. (2) only +状语 状语+助动词/情态动词/ be +主语+ 实义动词 状语 Only in spring do we see these flowers bloom. Only reform can develop China。 （未倒装） （3）so / such +表语/状语 +助动词/情态动词/ be +主语+ 实义动词 So angry was she that she couldn’t speak. (4) as 引导让步状语 表语/状语/部分谓语 + as +从句剩余部分 Young as she is, she can’t carry so heavy a box. (5) so/ neither / nor +助动词/情态动词/ be +主语+ 实义动词（表同一个情况适用于另一 个人/物） If you won’t go, neither will I. (6) 虚拟条件句中省略 if 时，had/ were/ should +主语+ 实义动词适合形式 Had you been more careful, such mistakes might have been avoided. (7) often/ always/twice/many a time（频率副词）+助动词/情态动词/ be +主语+ 实义动词 Often had I intended to speak of it. 二、辨析 1. Tired as he was, he continued to work. 2. Only when we had studied the data again did we realize that there was a mistake. 3. Never will China be a superpower. 4. Out rushed a tiger from among the bushes. 5. On the wall hang two large portraits. 6. Not until she got home did she realize that she had lost her keys. 7. Twice has she been to the USA this year. 8. –Do you know Jim quarreled with his brother?
- I don’t know, nor do I care. 9. Many a time has he given me great help. 10. Had it not been for the captain, the ship would have sunk. 11. Little did they know about each other’s when they first met. 12. So early did she get up that she caught the first bus. 三、单项选择 1. North of Paris _____ the little town of Beauavis. A. lays B. does lie C. does lay D. lies 2. There _____ shouts for help from the river. A. are coming B. came C. did come D. comes 3. They came to the tall building, in front of _____. A. which stood two stone horses B. it stood two stone horses C. which two stone horses stood D. it did two stone horses stand 4. To all the people here _____ the honor for the success. A. belong B. belongs C. belongs to D. is belonged 5. I finally got the job I dreamed about. Never in all my life _____ so happy. A. did I feel B. I felt C. I had felt D. had I felt 6. Nowhere else in the world _____ such a quiet, beautiful place. A. can there be B. there can be C. there be can D. can be there 7. “In no condition _____ you are a Chinese,” Dad told me before I went abroad. A. you should forget B. forget you C. shouldn’t you forget D. should you forget 8. No sooner _____ themselves in their seats in the theatre _____ the curtain went up. A. they have settled; before B. they had settled; than C. had they settled; when D. had they settled; than 9. He failed the mid-term examination and only then _____ how much time he had wasted. A. he realized B. did he realize C. he had realized D. had he realized 10. It is _____ his advice on how _____ English well _____ you a lot of trouble. A. because; to learn; that will avoid B. taking; to learn; that will save C. because of ; learn; which will waste D. for; to learn; that will make 11. As for the influence of computerization, _____ have we seen the results more clearly than in the United States. A. anywhere B. nowhere C. somewhere D. everywhere 12. It was said that not until the old man had passed away _____ to his relatives. A. she let out the secret B. was the secret let out C. out she let the secret D. out let the secret 13. Not until all the fish died in the river _____ how serious the pollution was. A. did the villagers realize B. the villagers realized C. the villagers did realize D. didn’t the villagers realize 14. _____ all over the hill and around the take _____ of different colours. A. Growing; are wild flowers B. To grow; are wild flowers C. Grown; is wild flowers D. Having grown; wild flower is 15. _____ and caught the mouse.
A. Up the cat jumped B. The cat up jumped C. Up jumped the cat D. Jumped up the cat 16. The door opened and there _____. A. enters an old man B. entered an old man C. did an old man enter D. an old man entered 17. Autumn coming, down _____. A. do the leaves fall B. the leaves will fall C. fall the leaves D. will the leaves fall 18. Seeing the gardener coming, away _____. A. the naughty children ran B. did the naughty children run C. the naughty children run D. ran the naughty children 19. _____ the first to use nuclear weapons. A. At no time China will be B. Never China will be C. Will China never be D. At no time will China be 20. Not even a word _____ concerning these important matters. A. he mentioned B. he mentions C. did he mention D. he does mention 21. Only by practicing a few hours every day _____ be able to master the language. A. you can B. can you C. you will D. will you 22. Only _____ as an interpreter _____how important it was to practise speaking English. A. When did I work, I realized B. when did I work, did I realize C. when I work, did I realize D. when I worked, did I realize 23. He got up so late . _____ he missed his flight. A. No matter B. No wonder C. No longer D. No problem 24. It was about 600 years ago _____ the first clock with a face and an hour hand was made. A. that B. which C. what D. 不填 25. _____ was in 1979 _____ I graduated from the university. A. That…that B. It…that C. That…when D. that…what 26. It is the ability to do the job _____ matters not where you come from or what you are. A. one B. that C. what D. it 27. It was _____ he said _____ disappointed me. A. what…that B. that…that C. what…what D. that…what 四、非谓语 that he had enjoyed his 1．The visiting Minister expressed his satisfaction with his talks, stay here. (NMET94) A. having added B. to add C. adding D. added 2. The first textbooks for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century. (NMET94) A. having written B. to be written C. being written D. written 3. She set out soon after dark home an hour later. (NMET94) A. arriving B. to arrive C. having arrived D. and arrived 4. The missing boys were last seen near the river. (NMET94) A. playing B. to be playing C. play D. to play on a crowded bus, he always prefers a bicycle. (NMET94) 5. Rather than
A. ride; ride B. riding; ride C. ride; to ride D. to ride; riding 6. —I must apologize for ahead of time. —That’s all right. A. letting you not know B. not letting you know C. letting you know not D. letting not you know 7. Paul doesn’t have to be made . He always works hard. (NMET95) A. learn B. to learn C. learned D. learning here but so far she hasn’t turned up yet. (NMET95) 8. We agreed A. having met B. meeting C. to meet D. to have met 9. —You were brave enough to raise objections at the meeting. —Well, now I regret that. (NMET95) A. to do B. to be doing C. to have done D. having done . (NMET95) 10. The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him A. not to B. not to do C. not do it D. do not to 11. in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him. (NMET96) A. Losing B. Having lost C. Lost D. To lose 12. The patient was warned oily food after the operation. (NMET96) A. to eat not B. eating not C. not to eat D. not eating 13. I would love to the party last night but I had to work extra hours to finish a report. A. to go B. to have gone C. going D. having gone 14. The Olympic Games, in 776 B. C. , did not include women players until 1912. A. first playing B. to be first played C. first played D. to be first playing 15. European football is played in 80 countries, it the most popular sport in the world. A. making B. makes C. made D. to make 16. The purpose of new technologies is to make life easier, it more difficult. (NMET99) A. not make B. not to make C. not making D. do not make 17. When I got back home I saw a message pinned to the door “Sorry to miss you; will call later. ” (NMET99) A. read B. reads C. to read D. reading 18. I’ve worked with children before, so I know what in my new job. (NMET2000) A. expected B. to expect C. to be expecting D. expects 19. The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see the next year. A. carry out B. carrying out C. carried out D. to carry out 20. late in the morning, Bob turned off the alarm. (NMET2001 春季) A. to sleep B. Sleeping C. Sleep D. Having slept 21. One learns a language by making mistakes and them. (NMET2001 春季) A. correct B. correcting C. corrects D. to correct 22. In some parts of London, missing a bus means for another hour. A. waiting B. to wait C. to be waiting D. wait 23. With a lot of difficult problems , the newly-elected president is having a hard time. A. settled B. settling C. to settle D. teing settled 24. After much , the shop owner agreed to cut down the price by 20%. A. debating B. talking C. discussing D. bargaining through a computer can be lower than store prices. 25. Prices of daily goods
A. are bought B. bought C. been bought D. buying 五、M3U3-M3U4 重点复习 1. Teaching disabled students takes imagination as well as great p_______. 2. It is u_______ that Zou Kai has won 3 gold medals in the 2008 Beijing Olympics. 3. The house has an underground p_______. 4. The boss wants him to a_______ for each sum of the money he spent. 5. On the c_______, I’ve just begun. 6. Nowadays most young men like _______（冒险). 7. The first _______ (场景) of the opening ceremony is excellent. 8. Could you buy me writing paper and _______ (信封)? 9. It’s good ________(礼貌) for us to wait in line. 10. I like him despite his _______(缺点). 11. The Chinese government did well in p_______ SARS from spreading. 12. He c_______ up at the good news. 13. There is a friendly a_______ of helping each other with difficulties in study in our class. 14. Do you believe God e_______? 15. There is a v_______ wind outside and the snow is so heavy. 16. The fans cheered up at the _______ (到场) of Jay Chou. 17. As a student, I should learn the _______ (基本的) rules of mathematics. 18. A balloon _______(飘过) across the sky. 19. There is a shortage of _______ (氧气) at the top of the mountain. 20. I dream of flying to the moon by _______(宇宙飞船)。 21. 抚养；培养 22. 前进 23. 凝视 24. 偶然；不小心 25. 导致；做出解释 26. 与此相反 27. 冒险 28. 衣衫褴褛 29. 关于；至于 30. 打赌 31. 一大笔 32. 坦率地说 33. 感到高兴 34. 既然 35. 突发；爆发 36. 分娩 37. 下蛋 38. 阻止；制止 39. 密切注视 40. 熟悉；掌握 41. 挡住（光线） 42. 轮到某人 43. Perhaps he’s a very strange, rich man. Why, yes! That must be it! 44. What it was to become was uncertain until between 4.5 and 3.8 billion years ago when the dust settled into a solid globe. 45. This produced a chain reaction, which made it possible for life to develop. 六、写作 1：提纲式作文要求段落之间的过渡要自然，前后要照应。否则文章就会显得松散零乱，成 ：提纲式作文要求段落之间的过渡要自然，前后要照应。否则文章就会显得松散零乱， 为几个相互毫无联系的段落。 为几个相互毫无联系的段落。 The Way to Success ___________________________________(1). They deserve this because success in any useful work is in the interest of society and we have to express our thanks to the successful efforts and contributions they have made. _________________________________________________________________(2). Only very idle people would wish to succeed by mere chance. A wise diligent person knows there is no golden path but a difficult road, hard work. He tries to find tasks that may give full swing to his
talent. He is good at taking advice. He persists in his efforts so as to be prepared for any chance available. ____________________________________________________(3), practically all people do succeed in something ordinary. It is useless to dream of castles in the air. One should exert one’s efforts to tasks suited to one’s ability. As long as one tries one’s best, one will be able to look back with satisfaction and look forward with hope. 2. 句子类型 松散句； 周句； 松散句；圆周句；对偶句 1) She decided to study English though she was interested in music. 2) Although she was interested in music, she finally decided to study English. 3) It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune must in want of a wife. --- Jane Austen. 4) He was an inch, perhaps two, under six feet, powerfully built, and he advanced straight at you with a slight stoop of the shoulders, head forward, and a fixed-from-under stare which made you think of a charging bull. His voice was deep, loud, and his manner displayed a kind of dogged self-assertion which had nothing aggressive in it. 5) On hearing the news, he was angered, and I was sad, 6) The politician is concerned with successful elections, whereas the statesman is interested in the future of his people. 7) He laid her down on the bank. She was quite unconscious and running with water. He made the water come from her mouth, he worked to restore her. He did not work very long before he could feel the breathing begin again in her; she was breathing naturally. He worked a little longer. He could fee her live beneath his hands; she was coming back. He wiped her face, wrapped her in his overcoat, looked around into the dim, dark gray world, then lifted her. 3. 好的句子 1） 完整 Faulty: Born in a small town in South China in the early 50s, he grew up to be a famous musician. Revised: 2） 连贯 faulty: A man is judged not only by what he says but also by his deeds. Revised: Faulty: She told my sister that she was wrong. Revised: Faulty: she reviewed all the lesson taught last week and all the exercises assigned by the teacher were done. Revised: 3)简洁 Wordy: Mary is a quiet and careful woman Concise: Wordy: He gave many reasons for the failure, but the reason he gave were not convincing. Concise: Wordy: There was a pine tree that stood like a giant on the top of the mountain. It towered over the trees around it.
Concise: 4) 强调 The sky was overcast. A north wind was blowing. Don’t move Didn’t I tell you that you mustn’t touch this machine? Government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth. There is a big tree, which is said to be 300 years old, in the temple. Bright, very bright, were the stars over the wild. The good old days were gone forever, could never be got back again. 5）多样 邱吉尔就希特勒侵苏发表地演说。 邱吉尔在有力的表达他地观点和决心地同时使用了多 种句型 I have to declare the decision of His Majesty’s Government – and I feel sure it is a decision in which the great Dominions will in due course concur--- for we must speak out now at once, without a day’s delay. I have to make the declaration, but can you doubt what our policy will be? We have but one aim and one single irrevocable purpose. We are resolved to destroy Hitler and every vestige of the Nazi regime. From this nothing will turn us. Nothing. We will never parley; we will never negotiate with Hitler or any of his game. We shall fight him by land; we shall fight him by sea; we shall fight him in the air, until with God’s help, we have rid the earth of his shadow and liberated its people from his yoke….